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DUKE UNIVERSITY LIBRARY 
DURHAM, N. C. 




Rec'd 







/ J> 







Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/minutesofannualc6677evan 



MINUTES 



SIXTY-SIXTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF TTTE 

EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 

Tennessee Synod. 



College Chapel, Gaston High School, 



DALLAS, GASTON CO., N. C. 



NOVEMBER 6-9, 1886. 



HENKEL & CO., PRINTERS, NEW MARKET, VA.: 
Office of the Shenandoah Valley, Our Church Paper, &c. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 

President— Rev. R. A. YODER Newton, N. C. 

Secretary— Rev. J. PAUL STIREWALT New Market, Va. 

Cor. Secretary — Rev. A. L. GROUSE. Waynesboro, Va. 

Treasurer— Rev. J. K. EFTRD . Rightwell, S. C. 

Treas. Beneficiary Fund — Rev. J. 0. MOSEP Oonover, N. C. 

STANDING COMMITTEES. 

On Missions. 

Peys. R. H. OPINE, P. 0. WIKE, and A. COSTNER. Esq. 

On State of the Church. 

Revs. J. PAUL STIREWALT. J. C. MOSEP, E. L. LYBRANP, and 

Mr. J. T. MILLER. 

On Examination. 

Revs. P. C. HENKEL, D. D., A. L. GROUSE, Prof. M. L. LITTLE, 

J. PAUL STIREWALT, J. K. EFIRP, and E. L. LYBRANP. 



PLACE AND TIME OF NEXT MEETING. 
The next Convention will be held in Bethlehem congregation, Au- 
gusta County, Va. , beginning on Saturday, 10 A. M.. before the fourth 
Sunday in August, 1887. 



' » 

MINUTES 

OF THE 

Sixty-Sixth Annual Convention 

OF THE 

EVANGL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



FIEST SESSION. 

College Chapel, Dallas, Gaston Co., N. C, 

November 0, 1886. 

The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod convened 
in College Chapel, Dallas, N. C, on Saturday, 10 A. M., 
Nov. 6, 1880. Its sessions were continued till Tuesday, 3 
P. M., Nov. 9, 1886. 

The synodical sermon was preached by \^\\^ President, 
Rev. J. M. Smith, from Ps. 48, 12, 13. 

Synod was formally opened, after recess, by the Presi- 
dent. 

Clerical Roll. 

PA8TOE3. POSTOFFICE. 

Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D Conover, N. C. 

" J. R. Peterson Dallas, N. C. 

" T. Moser Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

" S. Henkel, D. D New Market, Va. 

" *H. Wet/el Woodstock, Va. 

" Prof. C. H. Rernheim Conover, N. C. 

" *D. Efird Lexinn-ton, S. C. 

" J. M. Smith ■: .-Conover, N. C. 

" Prof. L. A. Rikle '. Conover, N. C. 

" JJ. P. Smeltzer. D. D Spring Hill, S. C. 



♦Absent and excused. iReceived sit .this mfsajjng. 



Q U> '■- 



4 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL l.T'TIIEKAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. *Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D Luray, Va. 

" I. Conder McGaheysville, Va. 

" J. N. Stirewalt Stony Man, Va. 

•' M. L. Fox, M. D Sandy Creek, N. C. 

" A. L. Grouse Waynesboro, Va. 

" J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

" Prof. M. L. Little Dallas, N. C. 

" Prof. J. C. Moser Conover, N. 0. 

" J. K. Erlrd Rightwell, S. C. 

" J. A. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

" E. L. Lybrand Summit Point, S. C. 

" R. A. Yoder Newton. N. C. 

" Prof. J. S. Koiner Conover, N. C. 

" *D. A. Sox ...Edwardsville, Ala. 

" D. A. Goodman Happy Home, N. C. 

" *J. W. Hausenfluek Alma, Va. 

" Prof. W. P. Cline Fair Grove, N. C. 

" D. J. Suttlemyer Hickory, N. C. 

< ; J. A. Rudisill Jug Town, N. C. 

" R. H. Cline China Grove, N. C. 

" tP. C. Wike Tom's Brook, Va. 

" XT). C.Huffman Hickory, N. C. 

Candidates for the Ministry. 

Prof. J. F. Moser Conover, N. C. 

A. L. Sigmon Conover, N. C. 

D. I. Ofl'man New Market. Va. 

Beneficiaries. 

J. P. Price Conover, N. C. 

W. L. Darr Conover, N. C. 

D. M. Moser Conover, N. C. 

A. L. Bolick 

N. G. Deal Conover, N. C. 

Lay-Delegates presented evidences of their election, 
and their names were enrolled as members of Synod. 

♦Absent and excused. tOrdained — tReceived at this meeting. 



MINUTES OF TnE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

Lay-Delegates. 

Mr. C. M. Efird— Zion, St. Peter's, (Meetze's) Emmanuel's, and St. 
Andrew's, S. C. 

Lewis Shealey— St. Paul's, Cedar Grove, St. James', S. C. 
P. S. Fulmer— St. Peter's, (P. W.) St. John's, S. C. 
D. G. Whites— St. Jacob's, Bethlehem, St. Thomas', S. C. 
Wra. Curry— Mt. Holly, N. C. 

C. P.. Rinck— Friendship, N. C. 

D. P. Boger— St. Martin's, N. C. 
Silas Smyre — St. James', N. C. 
James A. Lore — Grace, N. C. 

W. A. Mooneyr-St. Matthew's, N. C. 
J. F. Moser— Concordia, N. C. 
F. J. Dellinger— St. John's, N. C. 
F. L. Herman— St. Paul's, N. C. 
Peter Little— St. Peter's, N. C. 
J. T. Miller— St. Stephen's, N. C. 
W. M. Deitz— Zion, K C. 
L. M. Rcinhardt— Sardis, N. C. 

F. P. Moser— Bethel, N. C. 
H. L. Conrad — Pilgrim, N. C. 
Haley Myers— Emmanuel's, N. C. 

G. W. Beck— New Jerusalem, N. C. 
J. D. Rudisill— St. Mark's, N. C. 

J. F. Plonk— Philadelphia, N. C. 

Jonathan Rhyne— Luther Chapel, N. C. 

L. A. Throneburg— Antioch, N. C. 

A. J. Jenkins — Christ. N. C. 

L. M. Huffman — College Chapel, N. C. 

J. A. Costner— Mt, Holly, N. C. 

A. H. Lippard — Sharon, N. C. 

W. I. Warren— St. Martin's, N. C. 

A. C. McCaslin— Daniel's, N. C. 

John Hoover— Trinity, N. C. 

A. Costner— Salem, N. C. . 

P. B. Sullivan— Bethphage, N. C. 
J. F. Ilelderman— St. Luke's, N. C. 
J. B. Smith— Sharon, N. C. 
Abram York — Melanchthon, N. C. 
J. W. A. Efird— St. Martin's, N. C. 
C. B. Sykes— Emmanuel, N. C. 

B. F. Seagle— Holy Trinity, N. C. 
Philip Killian — Bethlehem, Va, 

P. C. Wike— St. Jacob's, Zion, St. Matthew's, Si. Stephen's, Va. 



208325 



I> MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The President, liev. J. M. Smith, then read his report, 
which was received and referred to the proper committee 
after its appointment. 

President's Report. 

Deav Brethren of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod: 

In the good providence of God, -we are spared to meet again in 
Synod. We are now in position to look back over one more synodical 
year gone. Its toils and labors are finished, the good and evil are on 
record. 

In our retrospection to-day, we rejoice over the hours, days, months, 
well spent ; and are made sad over the hours, days, and months unprofit- 
ably thrown away. Now that we are spared to meet again and see each 
other, let us thank God and take courage. 

The year just gone over our heads has been a remarkable one. In 
its coming and going, it brought storms and floods, wet and dry, earth- 
quakes and almost famine in divers places ; yet all our Pastors are 
spared, and are actively standing upon the walls of Zion, ministering 
the Gospel and administering the Sacraments, to the salvation of multi- 
tudes of undying souls. 

Our Pastors and our people have been spared and blessed, our 
churches are still improving, and hopes still grow brighter for our good 
and righteous cause, as we look forward. As we as a Synod have in 
their purest forms the Law, the Gospel, and the two Sacraments, which 
have long been ministered by the Pastors of our beloved S} r nod to the 
saving of many immortal souls, let us not abate in our devotion and zeal 
in the least in ministering the same, so that they shall come from the 
east, and west, and north, and south, and sit down in the Kingdom of 
God, with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. To strengthen each others hands 
and encourage each others hearts, to this end we are met. 

During the year orders on the Treasurer of the Beneficiary Fund 
were furnished by me in favor of Synod's Beneficiaries, P. C. Wike, D. 
I. Oilman. J. P. Price. W. L. Darr. 

Theological student, P. C. Wike, completed his course in Concordia 
College, N. G, May, '80. received a call from vacant cono-re^ations in 
Virginia, accepted, and early in June went to this field of labor, and is 
now laboring with success among that people who appreciate his labors. 

Some time last June, I was officially notified by the President, of the 
South Carolina Synod, that the Rev. Dr. J. P. Smeltzer was dismissed from 
his connection with the South Carolina Synod to become a member of our 
Synod, and was cordially commended to our communion and love, by 
the President. This letter of dismission I herewith submit, It affords 
us much pleasure that the Dr. has accepted work in a vacant pastorate 



MINUTES OF TIIE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

of our Synod in South Carolina, and is ready to be one among us. I 
recommend that the needed steps be taken to his admission to member- 
ship in our Synod. 

1. I recommend that Sunday-schools be organized in all our con- 
gregations and that sound Lutheran Literature be used. 

2. I also recommend that Synod make strong efforts at this conven- 
tion to put a traveling missionary into our field of home work. Untold 
good could be accomplished. Many are perishing for the want of the 
bread of life. 

3. I also recommend that our people be advised to build no more 
union houses of worship, seeing the great annoyance and trouble grow- 
ing thereout. 

The consummation of the union of all Synods in the South at Roanoke 
City, sends a thrill of joy throughout all this Southern land. May this 
union be abundantly blessed with unity. 

And now may the Great Head of the Church make us perfect in every 
good word and work. Amen. J. M. SMITH. 

Election of Officers. 

An election of officers for the ensuing year was now 
held, which resulted in the choice of 

Eev. B. A. Yoder, President. 

Bev. J. Paul Stirewalt, Secretary. 

Eev. A. L. Grouse, Cor. Secretary. 

Eev. J. K. Efird, Treasurer. 

On motion, Beneficiaries J. P. Price, W. L. Darr, and 
L. L. Lore were invited to seats within the bar of Synod. 

The President now called for all Setters, petitions, and 
papers designed for Synod. They were handed to the 
Secretary, and, after being classified, were passed to the 
proper committees. 

After a recess of ten minutes, the President announced 
the following* committees: 

1. On President's Report.— llcvs. Dr. S. ITenkel, J. K. 
Efird, L. A. Bikle, 1). I)., and Mr. 0. M. Efird. 

•± On State of the Chureh.— Eevs. J. P. Stirewalt, Prof. 
J. C. Moser, E. L. Ly brand, and Mr. J. T. Miller. 

.!. On Examination.— Bevs. P. C. Henkel, J). I)., A. L. 
Grouse, Prof. M. L. Little. J. p. Stirewalt, J. K. Efird, and 
E. L. Lybrand. 



8 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

4. On Ordination. — Revs. J. M. Smith, C. H. Bernheim, 
J. IS". Stirewalt, and T. Moser. 

5. On Letters and Petitions. — Keys. I. Courier, J. A. 
Eudisill, and Mr. Silas Smyre. 

6. On Unfinished Business. — Revs. AY. P. Cline, Prof. J. 
S. Koiner, anri Mr. Philip Killian. 

7. On Missions.— Ilex*. E. H. Cline, P. C. Wike, anri A. 
Costner, Esq. 

8. On Church Institutions.— Key*. S. Henkel, ]>. D., 0. 
H. Bernheim, J. A. Cromer, anri A. Costlier, Esq. 

9. On Treasurer's Reports. — Prof. J. F. Moser, Revs. D. 
A. Goodman, anri M. L. Fox, M. D. 

Synod adjourned to meet at 9 A. M., Monday. Bene- 
diction by Rev. S. Henkel, P. I). 

SECOND SESSION. 

Monday, !> A. M., Nov. 8, 1880. 
Synod convened. Divine services were conducted by 
Rev. YV. P. Cline. Roll called. Minutes of Saturday were 
read, received, anri adopted. 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business. 

We, your Committee on Unfinished Business, submit the following: 

(1) On page 8, we find delegates appointed to convention of South- 
ern Diet. Did they attend ? 

(2) On page 10, we find a committee appointed, Revs. P. C. Henkel, 
D. D., J. M. Smith, and R. A. Yoder, to ordain brother R. H. Cline. — 
Was this done? 

(3) On page 14. Rev. M. L. Fox was appointed as a committee, to 
collect funds and erect a suitable monument at the grave of Rev. Philip 
ITenkel. Has this been done? 

(4) Beginning on page 6 of report of Committee on President's 
report which was adopted, we find that our congregations were request- 
ed to contribute 12 cents per capita, for the support of a Theological 
Professor at Concordia College. Have the Pastors and Board of Trus- 
tees attended to this matter ? 

(5) On page 22, we notice that correspondent delegates were ap- 
pointed to several Synods. Did these'brethren attendee that business? 

(6) On the same page, we rind that Revs. P. C. Henkel and J. M. 
Smith were appointed to meet a similar committee from the S. C. Synod, 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

with reference to difficulties in St. John's congregation in South Carolina. 
What has the committee done ? 

(7) On page 16, we find that Secretary of Synod, Rev. R. A Yoder, 
was ordered to have one hundred copies of Ordination Certificates print- 
ed. Has this been done? 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. P. CLINE, 
J. S. KOINER, 
PHILIP KILLIAN. 

The report was received and considered item by item. 

Item 1. Complied with. 

Item 2. Complied with, and Eev. E. H. Cline's name 
was ordered to be placed on the clerical roll. 

Item 3. partly complied with, and Committee contin- 
ued with instructions to complete the work. 

Item 4. Complied with in part, with reference to rais- 
ing- the funds. 

Item 5. Complied with. 

Item 0. The Committee was not called upon to report. 

Item 7. Complied with. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

Report of Committee on Examination. 

We, your Committee on Examination, beg leave to submit that we 
have had an interview with Rev. J. P. Smeltzer, D. D., who brings an 
honorable dismission from the E. L. Synod of South Carolina, and rec- 
ommend that he be received as a member of this Synod, and that his 
name be placed upon our clerical roll. 

P. 0. HENKEL. 
A. L. CROUSE, 
J. P. STIREWALT, 
J. K. EFIRD, 
E. L. LYBRANH. 

The report was received and adopted. 
The Treasurer,' Eev. J. K. Efird, read his report, which 
was received and referred to the proper committee. 



10 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Treasurer's Report. 

J. K.'EFIRD in Account with the 

Eyang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
188(5. Dr. 

Nov. 6. To balance on hand from last year $ 52 37 

1885. 

Oct. 31. To amount paid in for minutes . 35 00 

Nov. 3. To amount received of H. A. Meetze for beneficiary 

education.. 11 00 

Dec. 1. To amount received of Rev. I. Conder 100 

" 28. To amount received of Rev. W. P. Cline 2 80 

" 20. To amount for minutes 12 70 

1886. 

Feb. 15. To amount received of Rev. L. A. Bikle 3 00 

Mar. 6. To amount received of Rev. R. H. Cline * 1 00 

" 18. To amount received of Rev. W. P. Cline 15 

Jan. 8. To amount received for advertising 7 00 

Jan. 25. To amount received of Rev. J. W. Hausentluck 75 

May 13. To amount received of Rev. J. R. Peterson 40 

July 5. To amount received of Rev. A. L. Crouse's charge. 

for expenses to United Synod 2 25 

July 11. To amount received of Rev. J. K. Etird's charge, for 

expenses to United Synod 75 

July 18. To amount received of Zion's Church, S. C, for ex- 
penses to United Synod 2 75 

Aug. 1 . To amount received of St. Peter's (Meetze's) Church, 

S. C, for expenses to United Synod 2 75 

Sept. 15. To amount received of Rev. J. P. Smeltzer's charge, 

for expenses to United Synod 6 03 

Nov. 5. To amount received of Rev. E. L. Lybrand's charge, 

for expenses to United Synod 16 00 

$104 30 
1885. Cr. 

Nov. 3. By amount paid H. A. Meetze, on expenses to 

E. L. Diet t 11 00 

3. By amount paid beneficiary fund by order of 

H. A. Meetze— vou. 3 11 00 

1886. 

Jan. 8. By amount paid for publishing 1200 copies of 

E. L. Tenn. Synod Minutes 54 50 

" 8. By amount paid for postage, &c 7 00 

July 27. By amount paid for 100 ordination certificates 

— vou. 1 18 35 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LTJTHEKAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 11 

.Tiilv 27. By amount paid Rev. R. A. Yoder, expenses 

as corresponding delegate — vou. 2 5 00 

'• 5. By amount paid Rev. A. L. Grouse, on exp's 

to United Synod— vou. minutes, p. 7, res. 2. 4 15 
Aug. 25. By amount paid C. M. Efird, on expenses to 

United Synod— vou. minutes, p. 7, res. 2 — 20 50 
Nov. 5. By Rev. E. L. Lybrand's expenses to United 

Synod — vou. minutes, p. 7, res. 2 20 30 

" 5. By amount due the E. L. Tenn. Synod 12 50 

$164 30 
Respectfully submitted, 

.1. K. EFTRD. 

Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

J. C. MOSER. Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 
In Account with the 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1885. Dr. 

To balance on hand as per report made to Synod, Nov. 3, 1885, 

-see minutes, pages 19 and 20 $ 10 HO 

Nov. 3. To amt. from Rev. A. L. Grouse's charge, Bethlehem 20 00 
" 3. To amount from Rev. J. A. Gromer's charge : St. 
Peter's, $10 31: Zion, $5 00; Bethlehem, $10 00; 

St. Andrew's, $3 00 ; Emmanuel, $3 25 31 56 

" 3. To amount from Rev. J. K. Erird's charge, St. Peter's 10 00 
4. To amount from Rev. D. A. Sox's, St. Michael's, Ala. 2 10 
i; 4. To amount from Rev. E. L. Lybrand's charge ; Gedar 
Grove, $7 00 : St. James' , $2 05 ; —January 24, 1886 : 

St. Paul's, $5 00: St. James', $2 25 16 30 

" 4. To amount from Rev. M. L. Fox's charge: Melanch- 

thon's, $2 25; Goblo's, $1 25: Mt. Pleasant, 75 4 25 

" 12. To amount from Rev. P. G. Henkel's .charge : St. 

Stephen's. $6 00 ; Friendship, $3 37 ; Salem, $3 38, 12 75 
19. To amount from Rev. G. H. Bernheim's charge : St. 
Martin's, $5 25 ; Sharon, $5 74:— May 17, 1886 : St. 

Martin's, $5 74: J. S. Koiner, $1 01 17 74 

Dec. 27. To amount from Rev. J. C. Moser's charge: Holy 

Trinity. $10 0ft; Zion. $2 90: Newton. $5 00 17 90 

1886. 

Jan. 6. To amount, from Rev. D. J. Settlemyer's charge : M. 

Star, $5 00 ; Emmanuel, $3 00 ; Mt. Moriah, $12 20; 

St. Mark's, $2 60 22 80 

Feb. 1. To amount from Rev. J. M. Smith's charge : St. Paul's, 

$?, 00: Bethel. $1 00 4 00 



12 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Feb. 
May 

July 



July 

Sept, 
Oct, 

Nov. 



Nov. 



3. To amount from Rev. S. Henkel, Asst. Treasurer $11 65 

3. To amount from Rev. W. P. Cline's charge 13 00 

10. To amount from Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge : Sha- 
ron, $180: St. Luke's, $185; Mt, Holly, $465: 
Christ's, $12 45 20 75 

24. To amount from Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge : St. 

James', $12 00: Grace, $3 00; Salem, $9 20. 24 20 

4. To amount from Philadelphia, Caldwell Co., N. C 2 25 

28. To amount from Dr. S. Henkel. Asst. Treasurer 21 35 

2. To amount from Rev. D. J. Settlemyer's charge : M. 

Star, $2 56 ; Emanuel, $2 35 : Friendship, $4 03 ; 

Salem. $300 11.94 

4. To amount from Maj. II. A. Meetze 11 00 



$286 14 



Cb. 

28. I3v cash to P. C. Wike $ 30 00 



J. P. Price 60 00 

P. C. Wike 30 00 

J. P.Price 15 00 

Wm. L. Darr 20 00 

J. P.Price 25 00 

Wm. L. Darr 40 00 



1885. 




Nov. 


28. 13 


1886. 




Jan. 


1. 


Apr. 


14. ' 


May 


20. ' 


July 24. ' 


Aug. 


3. ' 


Oct. 


30. ' 



$220 00 
Amount to balance in my hands 66 14 

$286 14 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. C. MOSER. 
Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund of E. L. Tennessee Synod. 



Report of Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

SOCRATES HENKEL in Account with the 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1886. 

Nov. 6. To amount due Synod, when my report was made, Oc- 
tober 29, 1885.' $52 15 

1885. 

Nov. 16. To amount from Mt, Nebo, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, pastor. 3 03 

1886. 

Feb. 24. To amount from St. Paul's, Rev. Hausenfluck. pastor, 3 30 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 
1886. 

Aug. 10. To amount from Powder Springs, $2 41 ; Solomon's, 

$7 25; St. Mary's, $3 93; Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, past. $13 59 

1880. 

Nov. 2. To amount from S. A. Henkel, Treasurer of Emmanuel 

Church, S. Henkel, pastor 10 00 

" 2. To amount from Mt. Zion Church, S. Henkel, pastor, 5 00 

$87 07 
1886. Ck. 

Jan. 7. Or, by amount paid D. I. Oilman, beneficiary, as 

per order $35 00 

1886. 

Feb. 3. Or. by amount paid Rev. J. C. Moser, Treas 11 g5 

Oct. 27. Or. by amount paid to same 2135 68 00 

1886. 

$08 00 19 07 

Nov. 6. Balance on hand due Synod $19 07 

S. HENKEL, Asst. Treas. 
Nov. 6, 1885. 

These reports were received and referred to the proper 
committee. 

Report of the Committee on the President's Report. 

We have read this paper with pleasure, and regard it as clear and 
practical in its statements. 

1. The President, as Rev. J. P. Smeltzer, D. D. , has received an 
honorable dismission from the E. L. South Oarolina Synod, to become a 
member of our Synod, commending him to its favorable consideration, 
recommends, that "the needed steps be taken to his admission" as a 
member of our Synod. 

We suggest, that this recommendation be carried into execution. 

2. He recommends, that " Sunday-schools be organized in all our 
congregations and that sound Lutheran literature be used." In regard 
to this recommendation, we suggest that where no such schools already 
exist, they be established, and that only the Holy Scriptures and sound 
Lutheran literature be used. 

3. He also recommends, that "Synod make strong efforts" * * 
"to put a traveling missionary into our field of home work." 

As this work now properly belongs to the Conferences, of which our 
Synod is composed, we forbear making any suggestions relative to it. 

4. He, moreover, recommends, that " our people be advised to build 
no more union houses of worship:" 



12 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Feb. 3. To amount from Rev. S. Henkel, Asst. Treasurer $11 05 

Maj T 3. To amount from Rev. W. P. Cline's charge 13 00 

July 10. To amount from Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge : Sha- 
ron. $1 80: St. Luke's, $1 85: Mt. Holly, $4 65: 

Christ's, $13 45 20 75 

July 24. To amount from Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge : St. 

James', $12 00: Grace, $3 00: Salem, $9 20. 24 20 

Sept. 4. To amount from Philadelphia. Caldwell Co., N. C 2 25 

Oct. 28. To amount from Dr. S. Henkel, Asst. Treasurer 21 35 

Nov. 2. To amount from Rev. D. J. Settlemyer's charge : M. 
Star, $2 58 : Emanuel, $2 35 : Friendship, $4 03 ; 

Salem, $300 11.94 

Nov. 4. To amount from Maj. II. A. Meetze 11 00 

$286 14 
1885. Cr. 

Nov. 28. By cash to P. C. Wike $ 30 00 

1886. 

Jan. 1. " " il J. P. Price 60 00 

Apr. 14. '• ' ; "P.C.Wike 30 00 

May 20. " " ,; J. P.Price 1500 

July 24. " " '• Wm. L. Darr 20 00 

Aug. 3. " " ''J.P.Price 25 00 

Oct. 30. " " '• Wm. L. Darr 40 00 

$220 00 
Amount to balance in my hands 66 14 

$286 14 
Respectfully submitted. 

J. C. MOSER. 
Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund of E. L. Tennessee Synod. 

Report of Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

SOCRATES HENKEL in Account with the 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1886. 

Nov. 6. To amount due Synod, when my report was made, Oc- 
tober 29, 1885." $52 15 

1885. 

Nov. 16. To amount fromMt. Nebo, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, pastor, 3 03 

1886. 

Feb. 24. To amount from St. Paul's, Rev. Hausenfluck, pastor, 3 30 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

1886. 

Any. 10. To amount from Powder Springs, S2 41 : Solomon's. 

$7 25; St. Man's, $3 93. R ev . J. p. Stirewalt, past. $13 59 
1886. 
Nov. 2. To amount from S. A. Henkel. Treasurer of Emmanuel 

Church. S. Henkel. pastor 10 00 

'" 2. To amount from Mt. Zion Church. S. Henkel. pastor. 5 00 

$87 07 
1886. Ob. 

Jan. 7. Cr. by amount paid D. I. Offman. beneficiary, as 

per order $ 35 01 1 

1886. 

Feb. 3. Cr. by amount paid Rev. J. C. Moser. Treas 11 go 

Oct. 27. Cr. by amount paid to same 2135 68 00 

1886. 

§68 00 10 07 

Nov. (i. Balance on hand due Synod -Sin 07 

S. HENKEL. Assr. Treas. 
Nov. <i. 1885. 

Thess reports were received and referred t<» the proper 
committee. 

Report of the Committee on the Presidents Report. 

AVe have read this paper with pleasure, and regard it as clear and 
practical in its statements. 

1. Tlie President, as Rev. J. P. Smeltzer. D. D.. has received an 
honorable dismission from the E. L. South Carolina Synod, to become a 
member of our Synod, commending him to its favorable consideration, 
recommends, that "the needed steps be taken to his admission" as a 
member of our Synod. 

We suggest, that tins recommendation be carried into execution. 

2. He recommends, that " Sunday-schools be organized in all our 
congregations and thai sound Lutheran literature be used."' In regard 
to this recommendation, we suggest that where no such schools already 
exist, they be established, and that only the Holy Scriptures and sound 
Lutheran literature be used. 

3. He also recommends, that " Synod make strong efforts" * * 
'• to put a traveling missionary into our field of home work." 

A.s tins work now properly belongs to the Conferences, of which our 
Synod is composed, we forbear making any suggestions relative to it. 

4. He. moreover, recommends, that " our people be advised to build 
no more union nouses of worship." 



14 MINUTES OF THE EVANGEfclCAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

We advise acquiescence in this recommendation. 
Eespectftdlv submitted, 

S. HENKEL, 
J. K. EFIRD. 
L. A. BIKLE, 
C. M. EFIRD. 

The report was received and considered by items. 

Item 1. Adopted. 

Item 2. Recommitted. 

Item 3. Adopted. Pending the consideration of the 
report. Synod adjourned to meet at 2 P. M. Benediction 
by Rev. R. A. Yoder. 

THIRD SESSION. 

Monday, 2 P. M., Nov. 8, 1886. 

Synod convened. Roll called. Rev. R. H. ( 'line was 
excused from further attendance upon the sessions of 
Synod. 

Item 4 of Report of Committee on President's Report 
was adopted. The report was adopted as a whole. 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions. 

We, the Committee on Letters and Petitions, would respectfully 
report the following: 

No. 1 is a petition from St. Stephen's Church, Shenandoah county. 
Va. , in which the petitioners desire the examination, and. if found quali- 
fied, the ordination of Bro. P. C. Wike to the office of pastor. We 
recommend that this request of the petitioners be complied with. 

Xo. 2 is a petition of similar import from St. Matthew's Church. 
Shenandoah county. Va., in which the petitioners state that Bro. Wike 
has served Iheir congregation for several months as preacher, and has 
given general satisfaction, manifesting proper decorum, talent, and 
attainments, and that they desire a continuance of his services. 

Nos. Band 4 are petitions from St. Jacob's andZion churches, Shen- 
andoah county. Va.. of similar import. 

No. 5 is a letter from the Church Council of IIollj' Grove Academy, 
Davidson coxinty, N. C, which states that they have organized a con- 
gregation there, and worship in the chapel of the Academy, with Rev. 
W. P. Cline as their pastor, and therefore ask to be received in connec- 
tion with this Synod. We recommend that it be received. 



MINUTES OF THE EYANOEI.IOAT. UTTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

No. 6 is a letter from Rev. H. Wetzel, Woodstock, Va., in which 
he states, that it would be most gratifying to him to be present and 
participate in the discussions and transactions of this body, but that it 
is out of his power so to do. We recommend that TSro. Wetzel be excused. 

No. 7 is a letter from Rev. Prof. L. A. Fox, D. D., of Roanoke 
College, Va., in which he states, that he has been unable to attend any 
of the meetings of our Synod or Conferences since his removal to that 
place, being situated nearly one hundred miles from the nearest of any 
of our congregations, and thus cut loose largely from the current of our 
Synodical work and life. He therefore asks, though with feelings of 
sorrow and regret, for a letter of honorable dismissal from this Synod, 
with a view to connecting himself with the Synod of S. W. Virginia. 
We recommend that this request be granted. 

No. 8 is a letter from the Rev. J. Hawkins. D. I>., corresponding- 
delegate of the South Carolina Synod to this bod)-. We recommend 
that this letter be read before Synod. 

No. fl is a letter from the Sisters of Mercy, Hickory, N. C. in which 
they offer for sale their school property; We recommend that this 
matter be considered by Synod. 

No. 10 is a letter from Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck, in which he asks 
to be excused from the attendance of this meeting, in consequence of 
the condition of his family and scarcity of means. We recommend 
that he be excused. 

No. 11 is a letter from Rev. Daniel Efird, asking to be excused. — 
We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 12 is a letter from Rev. Prof. J. I. Miller, D. I)., Principal of 

Girls' Home School. Luray, Va. , in which he expresses a desire to be 

present at this meeting, but cannot procure the services of anyone to 

fill his place during his absence. We recommend that he be excused. 

Respectfully submitted, 

I. CONDER, 

J. A. RUDISTLL, 

SILAS SMYRE. 

This report was received and considered item by item. 

Items 1, 2, 3, and 4 were adopted. 

On motion, the Ordination Committee Mas made the 
committee to examine brother P. C. Wike. 

Item 5. Adopted, and name of delegate enrolled. 

Item 0. Adopted. Key. II. Wetzel excused. 

Item 7. Adopted. Rev. L. A. Fox, D. I)., granted an 
honorable dismissal from our Synod to the South-western 
Va. Synod. 



16 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Item 8. Adopted, and letter read before Synod. 

Item 9. Was referred to a committee composed of three, 
with the President as chairman, and Rev. Prof. C. H. Bern- 
heim and Mr. Philip Killian. 

Item 10. Adopted. Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck excused. 

Item 11. Adopted. Rev. D. Elird excused. 

Item 12. Adopted. Rev. Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D., ex- 
cused. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

Report of Committee on Missions. 

We, 3'our Committee on Missions, beg leave to report, that as the 
missionary work of the Synod is carried on by the Conferences, and 
they having furnished no reports, we have no data by which to report 
the progress of said Conferences in said work. 

R. H. CLINE, 
P. C. WIKE, 
A. COSTNER. 

The report was received tor consideration, and was 
then adopted as amended. 

The following resolution was adopted, and the Secre- 
tary ordered to place it among the Standing Resolutions : 

Resolved, That the officers of the Conferences be required to make, 
to each meeting of Synod, a full report of the missionary work of their 
bodies during the year. 

It was moved to consider the time and place for hold- 
ing the next meeting of Synod. 

Bethlehem, Augusta Co., Va., was selected as the place, 
and Saturday, at 10 A. M., before the Itli Sunday in 
August, 1887, as the time. 

The following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved,, That the President, at Ins leisure during this convention, 
appoint a committee of three ministers, to report at the next meeting of 
this body a full line of Lutheran text-books for use in our Sunday- 
schools. 

Committee: Revs. L. A. Bikle, I). I)., Prof. J. S. 
Koiner, and S. llenkel, 1). I). 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 

Report of Visiting Committee. 

We, the committee appointed at the last convention of the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, to visit Concordia College during 
the present Synodical year, and report as to the condition and prosperity 
of the School this meeting of Synod, beg leave to submit the following, 
viz. : That we have visited the School, and are happy to report that it 
is in a prosperous condition, having had a larger patronage this j r ear 
than during any previous year. 

The Professors and Teachers were laboring diligently in their re- 
spective classes with evidences of satisfactory results. 

We also find the pupils under proper disciplinary regulations, with 
a proper regard and respect for their instructors. 

The College building lias been re-arranged internally, which adds 
greatly to the convenience and comfort of the school. 
Respectfully submitted. 

M. L. FOX, Ohm.. 
.1. H. PETERSON, 

The report was received and referred to five proper 
commit-free. 

Item 2 of Report of Committee on President's Report, 
which was recommitted, was adopted as amended. The 
report was adopted as si whole. 

Synod adjourned to meet at 8 P. M. Benediction by 
Rev. A. L. Grouse. 

FOURTH SESSION. 

Monday, 8 P. M., Nov. 8, L886. 

Synod convened. Roll called. Reading of minutes of 
today was postponed till tomorrow. 

Rev. W. P. Cline gave notice that he would, on 
tomorrow, offer a resolution to change the fifth sentence 
of Article 2 of our Beneficiary Regulations. 

Report of Committee on Treasurers" Reports. 

AVe, the committee appointed to audit the reports of the treasurer 
of Synod, and of the treasurer of Beneficiary fund, submit the following : 

(1) We find all credits in the Synodical Treasurer's report, approved 
bv vouchers and statements. 



18 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD, 

(2) We find all credits in the Beneficiary Treasurer's report likewise 
approved by vouchers. 

(3) We find in the assistant Treasurer's report an error of one cent. 

Respectfully submitted. 

.!. F. MOSER. 

M. L. FOX, 

D. A. GOODMAN. 

The report was received ami adopted. 

Report of Committee on Examination and Ordination. 

We, your committee appointed to examine Mr. P. C. Wike, as to 
his qualifications to bear the office of pastor, would say, we have per- 
formed that duty, and find that he is qualified, and recommend that lu- 
be ordained to the office of pastor. J. M. SMITH, 

C. H. BERNHEIM. 
J. N. STIREWALT, 
T. MOSER. 

The report was received and adopted. 

It was moved, that lie v. Prof. 0. H. Bernheim preach 
the Ordination Sermon. The motion prevailed. 

The committee, appointed to report on the communi- 
cation from the Sisters of Mercy, read their report. The 
report was received, and, after some consideration, was re_ 
committed. 

On motion, the report of the Committee on Treasurers' 
Reports was reconsidered. It was moved, that the incom- 
pleteness of the reports of the Treasurers he left to the 
Treasurers to perfect. 

Synod adjourned to meet Tuesday at 9 A. M. Bene- 
diction by the President. 

FIFTH SESSION. 

Tuesday, 9 A. M., Nov. 9, 1886. 

Synod convened. Divine services were conducted by 
Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner. Roll called. The minutes of yes- 
terday were read, received, and adopted. 

Parochial reports were read. 

Upon ;i properly signed petition for admission, Pisgah 



MIN0TE9 OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 



Church, Alexander 0o.,N/. C, was received into connection 
with this Synod. 

Bethel Church, Rockingham Co., Va., was received 
into connection with this Synod. 

Mt. Calvary Church, Shenandoah Co., Va., was re- 
ceived into connection with this Synod. 

The vote on the reception of these three congregations 
was unanimous. 

Report of Committee on Communication from Sisters of Mercy. 

We, your committee appointed to report to this Convention of Syn- 
od on the communication from the Sisters of Mercy, Hickory, N. C, 
proposing to' sell their college building to this Synod, would beg leave 
to submit the following : 

In view of the fact, that the building is located in a thriving town, 
on the W. N. C. R. R., in the midst of a Lutheran community, and well 
adapted to either a mule or female school, theological seminary, or 
orphan asjium. we recommend that a committee of three be appointed 
to visit the site, and purchase provided it can procure the funds. 
Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER, 

C. IT. BERNHEIM, 

PHILIP KILLIAN. 

The report was received, considered, and adopted as 
amended. The following committee was appointed : Rev. 
R. A. Yoder, Messrs. M. L. Cline, and A. Costner. 

Report of the Delegates to the Church Diet. 

A second church Diet having been convened, at Roanoke, Virginia, 
June 24, 188P>, in accordance with the action of the Diet held in Salis- 
bury. North Carolina. Nov. 12, 13, 1884, and the Evangelical Lutheran 
Synods concerned having adopted the Basis for a more general union of 
these Synods and the congregations of which they are composed, and 
the Constitution designed for the government of such more general 
union, as set forth and agreed upon by the Diet which met in Salisbury, 
and the necessary preliminary regulations having been made, we, the un- 
dersigned delegates to said Diet, held at Roanoke, cast the vote of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, which we had the honor to rep- 
resent, in accordance with her instructions, in favor of the establish- 
ment of the more general, organic union contemplated, and the action 
of the other Svnods concerned being favorable to such union, it was ef- 



20 MINUTES OF THE KYANGELIC&£ LUXUKBAN TENNESSEE SYNO». 

fected, on the Basis and Constitution indicated, u»der the name and 
title of the United Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the 
South. Thus with the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod and the 
Holston Synod, the Southern General Synod was merged into one gen- 
eral hody. 

We have reason to thank the Great Head of the Church, that the 
true Confessions have been thus again formally recognized and acknowl- 
edged. The Scriptural premises have, in this way, been laid down and 
agreed to, and by prudence, brotherly love, and the influences of the 
Holy Spirit, the conehisions must be, ultimately, inevitable. But it will 
require patience and much judicious work, to attain that higher and 
more churchly plain in regard to doctrine and practice. 

After its organization, important business was transacted by the 

United Synod, — some of which will require the attention of our Synod ; 

as r foreign missions, important home missionaiy work, &e. We trust 

Synod will take such action in regard to these, as she may deem proper. 

Respectfully submitted. 

S. HEXKEL. 

A. KOINER, 

A. L. CROUSE, ' 

E. L. LYP.RAXD, 

C. M. EFIRD, 

C. H. BERNHEIM. 

In regard to this report, the following resolutions 
were offered : 

1. That it be adopted : 

2. That, in adopting it. as the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee 
Synod rejects all ecclesiastical union and co-operation which is not 
based on the pure Lutheran teaching and faith : as, the Exchange of 
Pulpits, Promiscuous Communion or Altar Fellowship. Secret Society 
Worship, and Chiliasm. we the ministers and lay-delegates, in Synod 
assembled, do hereby recommend or advise the Committee or the Chair- 
man of the Committee, appointed by the United Synod of the Evangeli- 
cal Lutheran Church in the South to prepare by-laws for its govern- 
ment, in drafting such by-laws so to formulate them, as to require 
everj- teacher or professor who may be appointed as a teacher or pro- 
fessor in any Theological Seminary that she may establish or put into 
operation, to take an obligation not to teach, practice, or inculcate any- 
thing that comes in conflict with these principles, or the doctrines of the 
Church : 

3. That, we trust the said United Synod will feel the importance of 
acquiescing in this precautionary request, with a view to the good of 
the Church ; especially as this is desired only in work, for which eacli 



MINUTES OF TIIK EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 31 



Synod will be held responsible iu its \inited efforts, and which it should be 
able to defend and maintain according to the pure doctrines and practices 
of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, as over against sectarian innovations 
and corruptions, leaving each Synod in connection with the United 
Synod, in its individual, Synodical transactions, so to shape its course, 
as ultimately to attain that higher plain in doctrine and practice, so 
characteristic of the true Church. 

The above report and resolutions were received and 
adopted by a rising' vote. 

Pending the discussion of electing a Treasurer of the 
Beneficiary Fund, Synod adjourned to meet at 2 P. M. — 
Benediction by the President. 

Ordination of Mr. P. C. Wike. 

At the appointed time, the committee appointed to 
ordain Mr. P. C. Wike, of Conover, N. 0., proceeded to dis- 
charge their duty, Eev. J. M. Smith, chairman, leading the 
service. Eev. Prof. C. H. Bernheim preached the Ordina- 
tion Sermon from 2 Cor. 5, 20 and 2 Tim. 4, 1, 2, after which 
bro. P. C. Wike was solemnly ordained to the office of Pas- 
tor by the laying on of bands and prayer. 

SIXTH SESSION. 

Tuesday, 2 P. M., Nov. 9, 1886. 

Synod convened. Boll called. 

Eev. Prof. J. C. Moser was re-elected Treasurer of 
Beneficiary Fund. 

In reference to items 2 and 3 of the resolution adopted 
by this body upon the report of the delegates to the Diet, 
( ). M. Efird requested it to be stated in the records, that 
he voted in tbe negative. 

Beneficiary Appropriations. 

On motion, an appropriation of sixty dollars was made 
to Mr. D. M. Moser, one of our beneficiaries. 

Seventy-live dollars were appropriated to beneficiary 
W. L. Darr. 



22 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

One hundred and twenty-five dollars were appropri- 
ated to beneficiary J. P. Price. 

The following resolution was offered by Rev. W. P. 
Oline, and, after consideration, was laid on the table : 

Resolved, That the fifth sentence of Article 2 of Beneficiary Regu- 
lations be amended to read as follows : 

He must, at least, have attained to a sufficient amount of literary 
knowledge to enable him to enter the Sophomore class in regular col- 
leges. 

Mr. A. L. Bolick was received by Synod as a bene- 
ficiary student, and an appropriation of seventy-five dol- 
lars was made him. 

Report on Church Institutions. 

We, your committee, would respectfully report, that we have had 
but one paper placed in our hands, from which we gather that Con- 
cordia College. Conover, N. C, is in a flourishing condition, having had 
a larger enrollment of pupils than at any previous session. 

Further, we. your committee, recommend: 

1. That the Board of Trustees be the only authority, with the 
sanction of Synod, to elect or employ any of its professors or teachers 
thai are iu anywise connected with the said College. 

2. That, as the Board of Trustees have the only authority, with the 
sanction of Synod, to elect teachers, or trustees for said institution, they 
elect two more members, who reside at or near Conover, N. C.,tobe 
added lf> the Board of Trustees, so that, in any case of emergency, a 
quorum may be had for I he transaction of business. 

3. That the advertisement of Concordia College be printed upon the 
last page of t he cover of our Minutes. 

Respectfully submitted. 

S. HENKEL, 

C. H. BERNHEIM. 

A. COSTNER. 

The report was received, and, after considerable dis- 
cussion, was adopted as amended. 

On motion, Revs. P. C. Henkel, ]). 1)., and Prof. C. H. 
Bernheiin were recommended to the Board of Trustees of 
Concordia College, to be elected members of said Board. 
The motion prevailed. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL I.UTIIERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 2'6 

Report of Committee on Examination. 

We, your Committee on Examination, beg leave to report, that we 
have had an interview with Rev. D. C. Huffman, an applicant for ad- 
mission into this Synod as a member of the same, and being satisfied 
that he agrees with us in doctrine and practice, we recommend that he 
be received, and his name placed upon our clerical roll. 

P. C. HENKEL, 
A. L. GROUSE, 
J. P. STIREWALT, 
E. L. LYBRAND, 
J. K. EFIRD. 

The report was received and adopted, and the name of 
Rev. 1). 0. Huffman was ordered to be placed on the cleri- 
cal roll. 

Resolved, That the hearty thanks of this body are due and hereby 
expressed to the members of this congregation, the officers of Gaston 
College, and others of the community, for the courteous and kind re- 
ception and entertainment which we have enjoyed during this conven- 
tion of Synod. 

The resolution was adopted unanimously. 

Delegates to Other Synods. 

To South Carolina Synod: — Rev. J. K. Etird, Princi- 
pal ; Rev. J. A. Gromer, Alternate. 

To North Carolina Synod: — Rev. Prof. C. H. Bernheim, 
Principal; Rev. Prof. W. P. Cline, Alternate. 

To the Virginia Synod: — Rev. I. Conder, Principal; 
Rev. J. X. Stirewalt. Alternate. 

To Holstou Synod : — Rev. Prof. M. L. Little, Principal ; 
Rev. L. A. Bikle, 1). 1).. Alteunate. .. 

On motion, the Committee on the State of the Church 
was excused from making a report to this convention of 
Synod. 

The following resolution on Home and Foreign Mis- 
sionary operations was offered: 

Whekeas, In view of the connection which this Synod now sus- 
tains to the United Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the 
South, it will be her duty properly to aid in promoting the important 



24 MINUTES OF 'CHE EVANGELICAL LVT1IEIJAN TENNESSEE SYNOD 1 . 

home missionary operations, as well as the foreign, under the supervis- 
ion of said United Synod, be it 

Resolved, That our ministers be required to bring this matter before 
their respective congregations, and that the said congregations are ad- 
vised to co-operate with their pastors in devising ways and means to 
raise not less than 10 cents per each communicant, by establishing con- 
gregational treasuries, or woman's societies, or whatever mode they 
may think the better for raising such amounts, and that the amounts be 
raised as soon as possible and sent to the Treasurer of our Synod, and 
the result be reported to the next meeting of our Synod. 

The resolution was received, considered, and adopted. 

Kev. S. Henkel was re-elected Assistant Treasurer of 
the Beneficiary Fund. 

The Treasurer of Synod was instructed to have a suffi- 
cient number of the Minutes of this session of Synod printed 
to supply the demand. 

Resolved, That Revs. T. Moser and J. K. Efird be constituted a 
committee, to visit Concordia College, Conover, N. C, and report to 
the next convention of Synod. 

Resolved, That Revs. J. Paul Stirewall and S. Henkel, D. D., be 
appointed to draft and publish suitable resolutions on the death of Mr. 
T. E. Armentrout, an applicant for the ministry in connection with this 
Synod. 

The committee on the publication of the Book of Con- 
cord was continued till the next convention of Synod. 

Pvevs. S. Henkel, D. I)., A. L. (house, and Prof. M. L. 
Little were appointed a committee to prepare a paper set- 
ting - forth the importance of Church Discipline and a form 
for its administration, and submit it to the next convention 
of Synod. 

The following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That this Synod appoint a committee to compile all the 
past acts of this Synod, needed by its members for guidance in their 
duties, for publication in the Minutes of Synod. 

( Committee : Revs. A. L. ("rouse and Prof. ,1. S. Koiner. 

Resolved, That each applicant for a printed certificate of ordination 
he and is hereby required to pay the Treasurer of Synod 25 cents per 
copy. 

The following' resolution was unanimously adopted: 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 

Resolved, That we heartily thank Prof. S. A. Wolfe and the choir 
for their excellent music rendered in onr services during the sessions of 
this Synod. 

It was moved to sanction the action of the Board of 
Trustees of Concordia College in calling and electing Eev. 
Prof. J. S. Koiner to teach theology in said College. The 
motion prevailed. 

The following motion was carried: 

In regard to theological instruction at Concordia College, Conover, 
N. C, it was moved that Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner continue to devote a 
portion of his time to such instruction, and that the College Board pay 
him in proportion to the labor he performs, out of funds which have 
been or may be raised for such purpose, and paid into the hands of the 
Treasurer of the College. 

Zion congregation, Jacksonville, Ala., was received 
into connection with Synod, by order of the President. 

Synod adjourned to meet at the place and time desig- 
nated. Prayer by Rev. E. A. Yoder. 

J. PAUL STIREWALT, 
Secretary Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 



i:rsr :m:e:m:o:r/y of 

MR. THOS. E. ARMENTROIJT, 

WHO DEPARTED THIS LIFE 

SEPTEMBER 25. 1886. AT ENOCHVILLE. N. C. 



We, the committee appointed to prepare suitable resolutions, sub- 
mit the following : 

Whereas, It hath pleased God, in whose hands are the issues of 
life and death, to remove our lamented brother, T. E. Armentrout, from 
his labors on earth to his rest in heaven; be it 

Resolved 1. That in the death of our brother we recognize the hand 
of God, and bow with resigned submission to His will. 

Resolved 2. In his death, the Church Militant has lost a devoted 
member, an efficient Teacher, and one who gave good promise of future 
usefulness in the Gospel Ministry, for which he had prepared himself, 
and in which he labored more or less for a year or two, as a candidate. 
with efficiency. 

Resolved 3. That a copy of these resolutions be spread upon the face 
of the Minutes. 

Resolved 4. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the sad 
family of which he was a member. 

J. PAUL STIREWALT. 
SOCRATES HENKEL. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Religious Services. 



Saturday, 11, A. M., Nov. 6.— Rev. J. M. Smith, Ps. 48, 12-13. 

Saturday, 7, P. M., Nov. 6. — Rev. I. Conder, Gen. 7, 1, middle 
clause. 

Sunday, 10, A. M., Nov. 7.— Rev. J. P. Smeltzer, D. D., Gal. 6, 14. 

Rev. Prof. M. L. Little administered baptism to two adults. There 
were 8 confirmations during the meeting. The holy communion was 
administered to a large number of communicants. 

Sunday, 2, P. M., Nov. 7.— Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., John 1, 29. 

Sunday, 7, P. M., Nov. 7.— Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, Matt. 21, 28-32. 

Monday, 11, P. M., Nov. 8.— Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, Eph. 6, 17. 

Monday, 7, P. M., Nov. 8.— Rev. A. L. Crouse, Acts 24, 16. 

Tuesday, 11, A. M., Nov. 9.— Rev. Prof. C. H. Bernheim, 2 Cor. 
5, 20 and 2 Tim. 4, 1, 2. Ordination Sermon. 

Tuesday, 7, P. M., Nov. 9.— Rev. E. L. Lybrand. Matt. 14, 19-21. 



Order of Business. 



First Day. 

1.— Devotional exercises by the President. 

2.— Call of Clerical Roll. 

3. — Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 

4. — Reading of President's Report. 

5. — Election of Officers. 

6. — Reception of Advisory Members. 

7. — Reception of Letters and Petitions. 

8. — Appointment of Standing Committees. 

9. — Devotion. 

Other Days. • 
1. — Devotion. 
2.— Calling of Roll. 

8. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 
4. — Unfinished Business. 
5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 
6. — Reports of Special Committees. 
7. — Resolutions. 
8. — New Business. 
9. — Devotion. 



28 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



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30 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



List of Churches in Connection with the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod. 



Alabama. 

Cleburne County. — St. Michael. 

Calhoun County.— Zion. 

South Carolina. 

Lexington County. — Zion, St. Peter, (M.) St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Emmanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John. St. Jacob. Bethle- 
hem, St, Thomas. 

Richland County. — St. Andrew. 

North Carolina. 

Alamance County. — Mt. Pleasant. 

Alexander County. — Friendship, Salem, Pisgah. 

Burke County. — Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 

Caldwell County. — Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Lutz. 

Cabarrus County.— St. Martin, Lutheran Union. 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. Paul, 
St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity. Newton, Sardis. Bethel. 

Cleveland County. — St. Matthew. 

Davidson County. — Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem. 

Gaston County. — St. Mark. Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel. Mt. Holly. 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

Iredell County. — Sharon, St. Martin. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel. Trinity, Salem, Bethphage. St. Luke. 
Sharon. 

Mecklenburg County. — Morning Star. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthon. 

Rowan County. — Mt. Moriah. St. Mark. Phanuel. 

Stanley County. — St. Martin. 

Union County. — Emmanuel. 

Watauga County. — Yalle Crusis, Mt. Pleasant. 
Virginia. 

Augusta County. — Bethlehem, St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. —Bethany, (St. Jacob), McGaheysville. 
Trinity. St. Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel. 

Page County. — St. Paul, St. William, Fairview, Grace, Mt. Calvary, 
Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. Mary, 
(Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul. St. Jacob. Zion, St. Matthew. St. 
Stephen. St. David, Mt. Calvary. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 31 



Standing Resolutions. 



Resolved, That each of our pastors is required to teach his people 
the duty of Christian giving, and to take tip in each of his congregations 
collections for beneficiary education, and to report at each regular con- 
vention of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be requested to 
send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written Report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechising 
those who propose to become members of our communion, previous to 
their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, and rather a 
loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the Church, without 
the slightest examination of them in regard to their religious knowledge 
and other qualifications for church membership, has been practiced by 
some : be it, therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend all our Ministers and con- 
gregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all who 
make application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, by 
Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous to their 
confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when persons of age 
and experience make application, or such young persons as have been so 
favorably situated as to have had opportunities to become acquainted 
with and to have informed themselves of our doctrines and customs, 
seek church privileges, we recommend that their request be granted ; 
but, in no case, until such persons have been examined by the pastor, 
before the council, and have been approved by them. 

Resolved, That the officers of the Conferences be required to make, 
to each meeting of Synod, a full report of the missionary work of their 
bodies during the year. 

Resolved, That the ministers of our connection be reqtiested to en- 
deavor to get up and encourage Sunday schools in all their congregations 
and report their success to the Committee on the State of the Church, 
some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved, That the Committee on the State of the Church be required 
to make every reasonable effort during the Synodical year to ascertain 
the condition of all the congregations in our connection, and report the 
same to the annual meeting of Sj r nod. 

Resolved, That it be the duty of the President, with the consent of 
the pastor elect and the congregation, to appoint a committee of installa- 
tion, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in o\ir Synod, to 
perform this ceremony. 

Resolved, That no minister be excused who does not sufficiently 
respect Synod as 1o send directly to it the reasons for his absence. 



32 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Resolved, That we hereby establish a Synodical Fund, to be raised 
by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which all con- 
tingent expenses of Synod are to be met. 

Resolved, That when beneficiaries leave College they shall be requir- 
ed to leave behind them in College, all the classical and scientific books 
that have been bought with money received from this Synod. 

Resolved, That hereafter the expenses of corresponding; delegates to 
sister Synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 

Resolved, That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our Ministers 
to ask their Congregations to defray their expenses in attending the 
meetings of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the ministers connected with this Synod, when ab- 
sent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending in 
their reports to Synod. 

Resolved, That the mission work of this Synod be transferred to the 
several Conferences. 

Resolved, That the Conferences be urged 1 o engage earnestly and 
actively in this work under such regulations as may to them seem best. 

Resolved, That it be the duty of the Conference to make a report of 
the work done, to the annual sessions of Synod. 

Resolved, That the reports of the Conferences in regard to Mission 
Work, be referred to the Committee on the State of the Church. 

Resolved, That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in their 
power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, lecturing, 
and cateehisation. with a view sooner or later of getting men of their 
own color to look after the spiritual interests of their race in connection 
with the Lutheran church. 

Resolved, That until otherwise ordered, at the future meetings of 
this Synod, Sunday afternoons shall be devoledto Sunday school work: 
and the pastors loci where synodical meetiugs are held are charged with 
tlie duty of making the necessary arrangements, to give interest and 
effect to these services. 

Whereas, It is meet and right, that the dignity, sacredness, and 
Solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and in 
order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved, That Synod recommend, that all applicants for examina- 
tion and ordination, and for whom there are petitions to Synod from a 
congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination and ordi- 
nation, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services on the 
part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some session 
of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and if found 
qualified, fo receive such ordination, and be it further 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 33 



Resolved, That it, is the sentiment of this SjTiod, that this recom- 
mendation should be acquiesced in, in all possible cases, as the order 
of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved, That, with a view of establishing proper relations between 
Concordia College, situated at Conover, IS". C, and the Evangelical Lu- 
theran Tennessee Synod, we, in meeting assembled, agree, 1. that, when- 
ever a vacancy, or vacancies, occur, either by death, resignation, or re- 
moval, in the Board of Trustees or in the Faculty, the said S} r nod shall 
have the right as well as the privilege to recommend a suitable person, or 
persons, to fill such vacancy or vacancies : 2. that the Synod shall have 
the right to appoint a Board of Visitors, whose duty it shall be annually 
to visit said school, and make such report of the condition of the school 
to each session of the Synod, as may be deemed most advantageous : 3. 
that it shall be the duty of the President of,the Faculty to make a report 
annually to Synod, relative to moral and literary condition of the school, 
which report shall also be signed by the secretary of the faculty : 4. that 
the President of the Board of Trustees shall also make an annual report 
to Synod, in regard to the financial condition of the school, which report 
shall likewise be signed by the secretary of the Board of the Trustees ; 
5. that this school shall be continued and conducted as a church institu- 
tion, under such rules and regulations, as may be instituted by the Board 
of Trustees, in accordance with the charter, and the Confessions of the 
Church as set forth in the Christian Book of Concord, each teacher, in- 
structor, or professor, taking an obligation not to teach anything in said 
school that is contrary to said Confessions. 

These stipulations or propositions shall be valid and in force, pro- 
vided the said Synod shall acquiesce, and is disposed to lend said insti- 
tution its fostering care and encouragement, as well as its influence and 
moral force: provided, that if the Synod shall fail, after notice, to rec- 
ommend, in due time, a suitable person or persons to fill such vacancy 
or vacancies, the proper authorities of said institution, shall proceed to 
fill such vacancy or vacancies. 

Resolved, That we, as a Synod, accept the propositions made to us 
b} r the Board of Trustees of Concordia College, and that in consideration 
of the rights and privileges therein granted, we will lend to said institu- 
tion our fostering care, influence, and moral support. — See Minutes of 
1883, page 18. 

Resolved, That our beneficiaries and students of theology shall 
neither preach nor absent themselves from their recitations without 
special permission of the faculty of Concordia College, and that we ad- 
vise that they preach not more than once a month. 

Rezolved, That the officers of each church within our bounds be re- 
quested to see, that each member of their congregation and Sunday- 
school pay at least 5 cents per annum into the beneficiary fund. 



34 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Resolved, That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, to 
arrange for the Sunday school services, to be held on Sunday afternoon 
of each convention of Synod, by appointing a speaker or speakers, by 
assigning or suggesting subjects, and informing the speakers of their 
selection at least two months previous to each meeting of Synod. 



Theological Course for Private Students. 

Home's Introduction, — Price, $4.50iKnapp's Theology — Price, .$3.00 
Kurtz's Sacred History, " &1.50 Krauth's Conservative Re- 
Kurtz's Church Historv, " £3.00 formation, " $5.00 
Hutter's Compend, " § 1.50 Schmidt's Dogmatics, " #6.00 
Book of Concord, (Henkol, Mann's Schmidt's Ethics, " $1.25 
First Edition), " $2.75 Vinet's Homiletics, " $1.75 
Book of Concord/ Jacob's" Riplev's Sac Rhetoric, " $1.25 
Edition, 1882), " $6. 00| Vinet's Pas. Theology, " $1.25 

Instruction must be given in Liturgies, Cateehetics, and Ecclesias- 
tical Polity. 

At the request of several parties, we append the prices to the above 
list of works, which can be had at our office, if the persons wishing them 
do not care to order the books from the publishers, at the prices given. 

Ten per cent, must be added to the above prices, when the books are 
to be sent b} r mail, prepaid. "We will send them prepaid at the prices 
given, if $2.50 or more dollars' worth are ordered, to one address. 

Address. HENKEL & CO., New Market. Shenandoah Co.. Va. 

Addenda.— The parochial report of Rev. Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D.. 
was received by the Secretary after the parochial reports were printed. 
Hence its appearance here, as follows : Entered the ministry 1859 ; 1 
congregation: 'JO communicants: 150 souls : 6 adult baptisms ; 13 con- 
tinuations : 5 by letter; 1 Sunday-school; 10 teachers; 80 scholars: 
$1.50 synodical ; $5.00 beneficiary education ; $250.00 current expenses ; 
$2500.00 other objects. 

On page 3, clerical roll. Rev. Prof. L. A. Bikle's postofflce should 
Y>e Dallas, N. C, instead of Gonover, N. C. On page 4, Rev. Prof. W. 
P. Cline's postofflce should be Ilex, N. C, instead of Fairgrove, N. C. 
On page 28, read Rev. S. Ilenkcl. D. I).. entered the ministry 1850. 
instead of 1855. 

fSTMinutes of Hie Last Convention of the Evangelical Lutheran Gen- 
eral Synod South, of the Second Convention of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Diet, and of the First Convention of the United Synod of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Church in the Smith, June 23-28, 1886, containing 74 pages — 
for sale at the reduced price of 1 cents, per copy, post-paid. These 
Minutes are valuable and interesting. Stamps received. 

Address, Henkei. & Co.. New Market, Shenandoah Co., Va. 



Index. 

Page. 

Absentees 15, 16 

Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund 24 

Beneficiaries 4 

Beneficiary Appropriations 21 

Clerical Boll 3 

Candidates for the Ministry 4 

Committees 7 

Churches Received 19, 25 

Committee on Resolutions of Mr. T. E. Armentrout 24 

Committee on Church Discipline 24 

Certificates of Ordination 24 

Delegates to other Synods 23 

Election'of Officers 7 

Home and Foreign Missionary Operations... 23 

Lay Delegates 5 

Officers of Synod 2 

Ordination of Mr. P. C. Wik'e 21 

Order of Business 27 

Place of Next Meeting 2 

President's Report 6 

Printing Minutes 24 

Parochial Report ..28,29 

Standing Committees. . 2 

Time of Next Meeting 2 

Treasurer's Report 10 

Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund 21 

Theological Professor 25 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business 8 

Report of Committee on Examination... 9 

Report of Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund 11 

Report of Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund 12 

Report of Committee on the President's Report 13 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions 14 

Report of Committee on Missions... 16 

Report of Visiting Committee . . 17 

Report of Committee on Treasurers' Reports 17 

Report of Committee, on Examination and Ordination 18 

Report of Committee on Communication from Sisters of Mercy 19 

Report of Delegates to the Church Diet 19 

Report of Committee on Church Institutions 22 

Report of Committee on Examination 23 

Resolutions on the Death of Mr. T. E. Armentrout.. 26 

Religious Services 27 

Vote of Thanks.... 23 

Visitino- Committee 24 



Socrates Henkel., Ambrose L. Henkel. Elon O. Henkel. 

-c"OFF!CE ESTABLISHED IN 1806 BY REV. AMBROSE HENKEL.H- 



HENKEL & CO.'S 

Printing J£ouse, 

NEW MARKET. SHENANDOAH CO.. VIRGINIA. 

Letter/leads, Billheads, and .Votes t Nicely Bound in Pads. 

THEY MAKE A SPECIALTY OF 

Church Minutes and School Catalogue Printing, 

LETTERHEADS. BILLHEADS, STATEMENTS, ENVELOPES, NOTES. CARDS, AND TAGS. 



OUR CHURCH PAPER — A good, orthodox, Lutheran, family 
journal— $1.60 per year; 80 cents for six months. 

OUR CHURCH PAPER is edited bv Rev. Socrates Henkel, I). 
D.. New Market. Va. : Prof. W. E. Hubbert, A. M., Blacksburg, Va.: 
Prof. L. A. Fox, D. D. , Salem, Va-. ; Rev. A. L. Crouse, Corresponding 
Editor, Waynesboro, Va. ; assisted by a corps of able contributors — 
Prof. Ludwig, Revs. Dr. Davis, Rothrock, J. S. Koiner, and J. M. 
Smith, N. C, Dr. J. G. Morris. D. D.. LL. D., Md., A. L. Yonnt, Pa., 
M. J. Stirewalt and J. C. Barb, Ind., A. J. Brown, D. D.. and J. K. 
Handier, Tenn., Prof. J. B. Fox, and Dr. J. P. Smeltzer, S. C, L. L. 
Smith, Dr. D. M. Gilbert, and Prof. J. D. Dreher, Ph. D, Va,, being 
among the number. Samplp of papers, and club rat es of Magazines, free. 

Books sent Postpaid. Stamps Received. 

Luther's Church Postil : or Sermons on the Epistles for the different 
Sundavs and Festivals in the Church Year— complete — bound in cloth. 

#2.00;' in Sheep, #2.25 Answer to Mr. Joseph Moore, the Methodist: 

with a few fragments on the Doctrine of Justification, by Rev. David 

Henkel, 188 large pages, 50 cts David Henkel against the Unitarians 

— a treatise on the Person and Incarnation of Jesus Christ, &c, 110 pages, 

35 cts Enchiridion ; or. The Smaller Catechism of Dr. Martin Luther, 

&c., 70 pages, 20 cts Luther's Smaller and Larger Catechisms, with 

Historical Introduction, Unaltered Augsburg Confession, &c, 2;0pp.. 
cloth. 50 cts. (Nearly out of print.) Dr. Kapff's Holy Communion 
Book, bound in cloth. 75 pages, 35 cts History of the German Settle- 
ments and of the Lutheran Church in North and South Carolina, by 
Rev. G. D. Bernheim, price, #1.25 Grades in the Ministry, with re- 
marks on the Ministerial Office and Ordination, by Rev. Jacob Stirewalt. 

and Sketch of the Author's Life, 75 cts ''Lulher'sParents, Birth and 

Education, and a Sermon on Justification," by Rev. A. L. Crouse. 25 cts 

Christ's Descent Into Hell, by Rev. P. 0. Henkel. D. D.. 10 cts 

A Christian Catechism for Little Children by Rev. A. L. Crouse, 5 cts 

Church Hymn Book #1.00, $1.25 and up The Tabor, (Richmond 

Collection of Sacred Music by Mcintosh), The ITcrmon. (do.) each 
$1.25. Church Almanacs. 10 cents. 

Address. HENKEL & CO.. New Market. Shenandoah County. Va. 



MINUTES 



SIXTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



Tennessee Synod, 



Bethlehem Church, Ladd, Augusta Co., Va, 



AUGUST 27-31, 1887. 



NEW MARKET, VA. : 
Printed at the Offioe of Our Church Paper. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President— Rev. Peof. J. S. KOINER, Conover, N. C. 

Secretary— Rev. J. PAUL STIREWALT, New Market, Va. 

Cor. Secretary— Rev. Prof. R. A. YODER, Newton, N. C. 

Treasurer -Rev. J. N. STIREWALT, Stony Man, Va. 

Treas. of Beneficiary Fund— Rev. J. C. MOSER,.... Conover, N. C. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



On State of the Church. 

Revs. S. HENKEL, D. D., J. A. CROMER, Prof. W. P. CLINE, and 

Mr. JONAS HUNSUCKER. 

On Examination. 

Revs. P. C. HENKEL, D. D., H. WETZEL, Prof. R. A. YODER, 

J. N. STIREWALT, J. K. EFIRD, and E. L. LYBRAND. 



PLACE AND TIME OF NEXT CONVENTION. 



The next Convention of Synod will be held (D. V.) in St. Peter's 
(P. W.) Church, Lexington County, S. O, beginning at 10 A. M., on 
Saturday before the first Sunday in October, 1888. 



MINUTBS 

OF THE 

Sixty-Seventh Annual Conyentioi 

OF THE 

EVANG. LUTHEEAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



IN 



FIRST SESSION. 



Bethlehem Church, 
Ladd, Augusta County, Va., 
August 27th, 18S7. 
The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met, in 
her sixty-seventh convention, with Bethlehem congrega- 
tion, Ladd, Augusta Co., Va., on Saturday, 10 A. M., 
August 27, 1887. Its sessions were continued till Wednes- 
day, 12 M., August 31, 1887. 

The President, Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, preached the 
opening sermon from Psalm 32, 5. 

After the sermon, Synod convened at the call of the 
President. The Secretary called the Clerical Roll. 

Clerical Roii. 

PASTOKS. POSTOFFICES. 

Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D Conover, N. C. 

" J. R. Petersont Dallas, N. C. 

" T.Moser* Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

" S. Henkel, D. D New Market, Va. 

" H. Wetzel Woodstock, Va. 

'■' C. H. Bernheim t Conover, N. C. 

" D. Elird* Lexington, 8. C. 



* Absent and excused, t Absent and not excused. 



4 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. J. M. Smitht Conover, N. C. 

Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D. t Dallas, N. C. 

J. P. Smeltzer, D. D. * Spring Hill, B. C. 

Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D Luray, Va. 

I. Conder McGaheysville, Va. 

J. N. Stirewalt Stony Man, Va, 

M. L. Fox, M. D Sandy Creek, N. C. 

A. L. Grouse , Waynesboro, Va. 

J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

Prof. M. L. Littlet Dallas, N. C. 

J. C. Moser* Conover, N. C. 

J. K. Eflrdt Rightwell, S. C. 

J. A. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

E. L. Lybrand* Summit Point, S. C. 

Prof. R. A. Yoder Newton, N. C. 

" J. S. Koiner Conover, N. C. 

D. A. Sox 

D. A. Goodmant Happy Home, N. C. 

J. W. Hausenfluck Alma, Va. 

Prof. W. P. Cline Ilex, N. C. 

D. J. Settlemeyert Hickory, N. C. 

J. A. Rudisill Jug Town, N. C. 

R. H. Cline* China Grove, N. C. 

P. C. Wike Tom's Brook, Va. 

D. C. Huffman Hickory, N. C. 

Candidates for the Ministry. 

Prof. J. F. Moser Conover, N. C. 

D. I. Offman New Market, Va. 

J. J. Sbenk Luray, Va. 

Beneficiaries. 

J. P. Price Conover, N. C. 

A. L. Bolick 

Wm. L. Darr Conover, N. C. 

D. M. Moser Conover, N. C. 

Jacob Wike 

Lay-Delegates presented certificates of tlieir election, 
and tlieir names were entered as members of Synod. 

♦Absent and excused. tAbsent and not excused. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LTJTHEKAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

Lay-Delegates. 

Mr. Jonas Hunsucker— Concordia, St. John, and Newton, N. C. 
Haley Myers — Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem, and 
Holly Grove, N. C. 

Thomas I. Fox— Melanchthon, N. C. 

W. P. Fox— Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

Jonathan Koiner — Bethlehem, Va. 

Newton H. Foley- St. Paul, Va. 

B. M. Switzer— Bethany, Va. 

John Shuler— St. Paul, Va. 

A. J. Huffman — Alma Fairview, Va. 

Geo. Sours— Grace, Va. 

Isaiah Printz— Mt. Calvary, Va. 

Alfred L. Miller — Morning Star, Va. 

D. I. Offman — Emmanuel, Va. 

Geo. Lolir— Mt. Zion, Va. 

D. H. Bowman- -Rader's, Va. 

J. W. Zirkle— Solomon's, Va. 

John D. Penny witt —St. Mary's (Pine), Va. 

Isaac Miller— St. Paul, Va. 

Abram Dodson— St. Jacob, Va. 

Moses Fry— Zion, Va. 

D. W. Hammon— St. Matthew, Va. 

Robert C. Baker— St. Stephen, Va. 

M. J. Habron — St. David, Va. 

G. H. P. Lindamood— Mt. Calvary, Va. 

John N. Armentrout — McGaheysville, Va. 

Geo. D. Dovel— St. Peter's, Va 

The President, Eev. Prof. E. A. Yoder, then read his 
report, which was received and referred to the proper com- 
mittee after its appointment. 

President's Report. 

In the Name of Our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. 

Dear Brethren of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod! In 
the kind providence of God we have met agaiu in synodical convention. 
We meet as brethren having common interests, aims, and purposes — 
the furthering of the kingdom of our blessed Lord and Christ. In our 
work let us recognize the fact, that "Except the Lord build the house, 
they labpr in vain that build it." 

We have great reason for thankfulness, in the fact that the lives of 
our ministerial brethren have all been spared. 



O MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

During the past synodical year very little business of an official 
character has claimed my attention. 

February 18th, 1887, I granted a letter of honorable dismissal to 
Rev. L. A. Fox, D. D., to the Synod of Southwest Virginia, as per 
action of our Synod at its last session. 

In January, Rev. B. S. Brown handed me a letter of honorable 
dismissal from the N. 0. Synod to our body. He took charge in Janu- 
ary of the congregations of Holy Trinity (Hickory) and Zion, in con- 
nection with our Synod, and desired to be installed ; but as our Con- 
stitution and By-Laws are silent on the question of the President 
receiving ministers from other Synods, I refer the matter to Synod. I 
herewith hand you his letter of dismissal, and recommend that the 
necessary steps be taken for his admission into our Synod. 

At my request, Rev. P. C. Wike was installed in his charge in 
Virginia, in the month of April, by the Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, the ser- 
vices being held in Zion's Church. Shenandoah Co., Va. 

A petition from the congregation, organized by Rev. D. A. Sox, at 
Jacksonville, Ala., asking for admission into our Synod, having failed 
to reach Synod in time for action at the last session of our Synod, I 
directed the Secretary to place the name of the congregation on our list 
of congregations. I herewith hand you the petition, and ask Synod to 
take the formal action of receiving said congregation into our Synod. 

In January, Rev. C. H. Bernheim informed me officially, that he 
had taken charge of congregations in Alexander and Caldwell Counties, 
North Carolina. 

In July, Rev. J. P. Smeltzer, D. D., informed me, that, owing to 
ill health, he had resigned his charge in South Carolina, but desires 
still to remain a member of our Synod. 

There have been other pastoral changes of which I have not been 
officially informed. 

I gave the following orders on our Treasurer, in favor of our Bene- 
ficiaries: To A. L. Bolch, $75.00, Nov. 24th, 1886: To J. P. Price, 
$125.00, Nov. 27th, 1886; To W. L. Darr, $75.00, May 21st, 1887 ; 
To Henkel & Co., printing Minutes, §62.50, Jan. 29th, 1887. 

I recommend that the time of the meetings of our Synod be fixed 
on a certain day, about the 1st Sunday of October, in each year, so as 
to avoid long and short Synodical years, and the consequent unequal 
parochial reports. «. 

I also recommend to the consideration of Synod, the propriety of 
holding the meetings of Synod more frequently in North Carolina at 
least each alternate meeting, because North Carolina is a central point of 
Synodical territory, and because fully one-half of the Synod is in this 
State. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

I also recommend that Synod take under its care the special work 
of looking after the Alabama Mission. Rev. D. A. Sox has labored 
there under great disadvantages for four years, and feels that he cannot 
do anything unless Synod take hold of the work and render some aid. 
I recommend this, because it is an important field, and is not under the 
care of either of the Conferences in connection with Synod. 

And now may the peace of God which passeth understanding keep 
your hearts and minds through Jesus Christ. Amen. 

R. A. YODER. 

Election of Officers. 

Eevs. W. P. Cliue and P. C. Wike being appointed 
Tellers, an election of officers was now held, which, resulted 
in the choice of 

Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner, President. 

Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, Secretary, (re-elected.) 

Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, Cor. Secretary. 

Rev. J. 3S. Stirewalt, Treasurer. 

Synod adjourned to meet at half past one o'clock. 
Benediction hy Rev. J. N. Stirewalt. 



SECOND SESSION. 



Saturday, 1£ o'clock, P. M., Aug. 27, 1887. 

Synod convened. Roll called. 

Rev. Prof. J. A. Willis, of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Synod of Virginia being present, was invited to a seat as 
an advisory member. 

Rev. B. S. Brown, of the Lutheran church, was invited 
to a seat as an advisory member. 

Letters, papers, and petitions intended for Synod were 
called for, by the President. They were handed to a com- 
mittee composed of Revs. A. L. Cronse and P. C. Wike, 
and after beiug classified were handed to the proper com- 
mittees. 



S MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D., was excused from further 
attendance upon the sessions of this convention of the 
Synod. 

The following resolution, on p. 32, last year's Minutes, 
was repealed : 

Resolved, That it be the duty of the Conference to make a report of 
the work done, to the annual sessions of Synod. 

The resolution, to take the place of the foregoing one 
repealed, is as follows : 

Resolved, That the officers of the Conferences be required to make, 
to each meeting of Synod, a full report of the missionary work of their 
bodies during the year. 

The following resolution, on p. 34, Minutes of 188G, was 
adopted as amended : 

Resolved, That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, con- 
sulting with the pastor loci, to arrange for the Sunday-school services, 
to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, b} r ap- 
pointing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting; subjects, and 
informing the speakers of their selection at least two mouths previous 
to each meeting of Synod. 

The following resolution, on p. 32, Minutes of 1886, is 
repealed : 

Resolved, That until otherwise ordered, at the future meetings of 
this Synod, Sunday afternoons shall be devoted to Sunday-school work ; 
and the pastors loci where Synodical meetings are held are charged with 
the duty of making the necessary arrangements, to give interest and 
effect to these services. 

The following resolution, on page 32, Minutes of 1886, 
was repealed : 

Resolved, That when beneficiaries leave College they shall be requir- 
ed to leave behind them in College, all the classical and scientific books 
that have been bought with money received from this Synod. 

The President appointed the following 

Standing Committees. 

1. On the State of the Church. — Eevs. S. Henkel, D. 
D., J. A. Cromer, Prof. W. P. Cline, and Mr. Jonas 
Hunsucker. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

2. On Examination. — Revs. P. 0. Heukel, D. D., H. 
Wetzel, Prof. R. A. Yoder, J. 1ST. Stirewalt, J. K. Efird,and 
E. L. Lybrand. 

Committees to Report During This Convention. 

I. On Letters and Petitions. — Revs. A. L. Crouse, D. 
A. Sox, and Mr. Haley Myers. 

II. On Unfinished Business. — Revs. M. L. Fox, M. D., 
J. W. Hausenfluck, and Mr. D. I. Oilman. 

III. On President's Report. — Revs. I. Conder, A. L. 
Crouse, and Mr. D. W. Hamnion. 

IV. On Treasurers' Reports. — Mr. J. W. Zirkle. 

V. On Church Institutions. — Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., 
and J. A. Cromer. 

VI. On Missions. — Revs. J. A. Rudisill, D. A. Sox, 
and P. C. Wike. 

The subject of Theological studies, in Concordia Col- 
lege, was made the first item of business for Monday 
morning. 

On motion, the President appointed the following 
Special Committee of three to propose the names of Dele- 
gates to the approaching convention of the United Synod 
of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the South: Revs. 
P. C. Henkel, D. D., J. N. Stirewalt, and J. A. Cromer. 

The Report of the Treasurer of the Beneficiary Fund, 
Rev. J. C. Moser, was read by the Secretary, received and 
handed to the chairman of the Committee on Treasurers' 
Reports. 



10 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Treasurer's Report — Beneficiary Fund. 

J. C. MOSER, Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 
In account with the 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1886. Dr. 

To balance on hand as per last report, — see Minutes of 1886, 

page 12 $ 66 14 

Nov. 9. To amt. from Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge : Morn- 
ing Star, $2 00 ; Mt. Nebo, $3 82 ; Mrs. Col. N. I. 

Henkel, $1 00 6 82 

9. To amt. from Rev. P. C. Wike's charge: St. Ste- 
phen's, $3 23; St. Matthew's, $5 50 ; Ziom $7 67; 

St. Jacob's, $1 00 17 40 

" 9. To amt. from Rev. M. L. Fox's charge : Melanchthon, 

•f2 00; Coble's, $1 20; Mt. Pleasant, .65 3 85 

" 9. To amt. from Rev. C. H. Bernheim's charge : Sharon, 4 71 
" 9. To amt. from Rev. J. K. Efird's charge: St. John's, 

$8 00; St. Peter's, $8 05 16 05 

" 9. To amt. from Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge: Zion, 

$5 00; Emmanuel, $3 00 8 00 

" 10. To amt. from Rev. P. C. Henkel's charge: St. Ste- 
phen's, $8 00; Feb. 14, 1887, Lutheran Chapel, 

$7 20 15 20 

" 10. To amt. from Rev. S Henkel, Assistant Treasurer... 15 00 
" 24. To amt. from Rev. T. Moser's charge : St. Martin's, 
Cabarrus, $3 75 ; St, Martin's, Stanley, $2 00 ; 

Jan. 18, 1887, Lutheran Union, $1 60 7 35 

" 26. To amt. from Rev. J. A. RudishTs charge, 12 50 

" 28. To amt. from Rev. D. J. Settlemyre's charge : Phil- 
adelphia 4 20 

" 29. To amt. from Dr. L. A. Bikle's charge : Philadelphia, 10 00 
Dec. 24. To amt. from Rev. E. L. Lybrand's charge : St. 

Paul's, $8 00 8 00 

" 31. To amt. from Rev. J. S. Koiner's charge, $5 00 5 00 

1887. 

Feb. 7. To amt. from Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge : St. James', 

$ir55; Salem, $5 00; Grace, $3 00 19 55 

Mar. 17. To amt. from Rev. R. H. Cline's charge 6 45 

" 18. To amt. from Rev. J. M. Smith's charge : St. Paul's, 

$4 00 400 

April 14. To amt. from Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge 4 50 

May 7. To amt. from Rev. W. P. Cline's charge 10 00 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 11 

Aug. 8. To amt. from Rev. J. C. Moser's charge : Concordia, 

$2000; St. John's, $5 00 25 00 

Aug. 23. To amt. from Rev. E. L. Lybrand's charge, Cedar 

Grove 2 55 

" 23. To amt. from Rev. D. A. Sox's charge, St. Michael's, 

Alabama 2 45 

$273 72 
240 00 

Aug. 23. To balance in my hands $33 72 

Error iu addition, of 1 00 

Balance due Synod $34 72 

1886. Cr. 

Dec. 4. By cash to A. L. Bolick ,....$35 00 

7. li " "J.P.Price 50 00 

1887. 
April 6. 
May 14. 
May 25. 
June 11. 
Aug. 8. 
" 8. 



" J. P. Price 35 00 

" A. L. Bolick 20 00 

" J. P. Price 15 00 

" Wm. L. Darr 40 00 

" J. P. Price 25 00 

" A. L. Bolick 20 00 

$240 00 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. C. MOSER. 

The Report of the Assistant Treasurer of the Benen- 

eiary Fund was read by the Secretary. The report was 

received and handed to the chairman of the Committee on 

Treasurers' Reports. 

Report of Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

SOCRATES HENKEL in Account with the 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1886. Dr. 

Nov. 6, To amount to balance last year's account $19 06 

" " " corrected on error of last year's report 01 

1887. 

Jan. 24, To amount from Rev. Dr. J. I. Miller's charge, by check, 

through Rev. J. K. Efird 1150 

April 26, To amount from Rev. Crouse's charge 10 00 

$40 57 



12 minutes of the evangelical ixtheran tennessee synod. 

1886. Ok. 

ISTov. 10, By amount paid Rev. Prof. J. C. Moser, Treas. 
as receipt accompanying this report "will show $15 00 

.$15 00 

By balance on hand due Synod $25 57 

$40 57 
S. HENKEL, Asst. Treas. 
Aug. 23, 1887. 

Synod adjourned to meet on Monday morning at 9 A. 
M. Benediction bv Eev. L Conder'. 



THIED SESSION, 



Monday Morning, 9 A. M., Aug. 29, 1887. 
Synod convened. Divine services "were conducted b}~ 
Eev. J. A. Eudisill. Eoll called. The minutes of Satur- 
day were read, received, and adopted. 

Theological Studies. 

Tins being the special subject for consideration Synod 
at once proceeded to its discussion. 

On motion, a committee composed of Eevs. Prof. J. S. 
Koiner, Dr. M. L. Fox, and J. A. Eudisill. was appointed 
to report to this convention of Synod a plan for augment- 
ing the present plan of Theological Study in Concordia 
College. 

Eev. L. K. Probst, Secretary of the Board of Missions 
of the United Synod, being present, was made an advisory 
member of Synod. 

The subject of Home aud Foreign Missions was made a 
special item of business for consideration at the opening 
of this afternoon's session. 

Eevs. C. H. Beard and J. H. Barb, of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Virginia Synod, were invited to seats as advi- 
sory members. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 16 

Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report (Beneficiary Fund.) 

I, the committee appointed to audit the reports of the Treasurer 
and Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, submit the following: 

1. I find all credits in the Beneficiary Treasurer's Report approved 
by vouchers. 

2. I find an error of one dollar, in addition, on Treasurer's Report, 
balance being $34.72. 

3. I find report of Assistant Treasurer's Report correct. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J VV. ZIRKLE. 

The report was received and adopted. 

Rev. Prof. J. 0. Moser was re-elected Treasurer of the 
Beneficiary Fund, with Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Assistant 
Treasurer. 

The following reports were read before Synod: 

Report of the President of Concordia College. 

In offering my report of the moral and literary coudition of Con- 
cordia College, it affords me pleasure to be able to speak quite favorably 
of both. While many of the higher schools of our land have become 
more and more influential in the direction of scepticism and immorality, 
it is with much satisfaction, that I can speak so encouragingly of the 
moral condition of our Institution. The time which we devote each 
day to the study of the Bible and Catechism, and to lectures thereon, 
bears fruit in the lives and characters of our pupils. In earnest devo- 
tion to study, and in quiet, orderly deportment on the part of our pupils, 
there has certainly been a very marked improvement in the past year. 
And this improvement we confidently believe to be due to the daily 
lessons from God's Word impressed upon the minds of our students by 
frequent repetition. The plan of our School is certainly approving itself 
in the results accomplished, in the silent and gradual, yet unmistakable 
influence exerted. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. C. MOSER, 
President of the Faculty. 

Report of President of Board of Trustees of Concordia College. 

As President of the Board of Trustees of Concordia College, I have 

the satisfaction of reporting favorably of its financial condition. We 

have two good buildings, well suited and arranged for school purposes. 

In many respects the School is better equipped for its work than it has 

» 



14 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

been hitherto. Thanks to our friends, North and South, we are out of 
debt, and have about a hundred dollars on hand. While many'additions 
are needed for the library, apparatus, &c, we yet hope that through 
the help of our friends, we will be able, ere long, to meet all these wants. 
In another respect, however, the finances of our School are not 
what they should be. The tuition fees are not near adequate to the 
support of the teachers. The present teachers are laboring at a con- 
siderable sacrifice ; and the time is coming when we must endow the 
School, or perhaps be unable to find teachers to continue the work. 

J. HUNSUCKER, 
President of the Boaro. 

Report of Committee on Church Institutions. 

We, your Committee on Church Institutions, respectfully submit 
the following : 

Two papers in regard to Concordia College, Conover, N. C, have 
been placed in our hands, — the one, the Report of the President of the 
Faculty, and the other, that of the President of the Board of Trustees. 

The former represents the School as in a very healtny condition, 
both in a religious, moral point of view, and in an intellectual and 
literary, with encouraging prospects ; the latter shows that it is in a 
similar condition, in a financial and material point of view, it being out 
of debt and having about one hundred dollars in the Treasury ; but it 
also claims that more means are necessary for the library, apparatus, 
&c. It indicates, moreover, in another direction, that the finances 
arising from the tuition fees, are not sufficient to remunerate the teach- 
ers as they deserve, for the services they render : and finally, intimates 
that the time is coming when it will be necessary to take steps towards 
endowing the School. 

In regard to these papers, we would recommend : 

1 . That these reports be spread on the face of our Minutes, as they 
are numbered ; 

2. That the Board of Trustees use their discretion in regard to 
raising funds, to increase the library and to secure suitable apparatus. 

3. That, if under the present aspect and condition of things, they 
deem it opportune to make an effort to endow the institution, the Board 
of Trustees and the Faculty appoint a committee out of their members 
to mature a plan for that purpose, and submit it to the next convention 
of Synod for consideration. 

Respectfully submitted, 

S. HENKEL, 

J. A. CROMER . 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 



The report was received and considered by items. 

Item 1 of the report was adopted. 

Item 2, adopted. 

Item 3, adopted. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

Rev. G. W. Spiggle, a member of the Evang. Lutheran 
Synod of Virginia being present, was invited to a seat as 
an advisory member. 

Synod adjourned to meet at 2 P. M. Benediction by 
Eev. J. N. Stirewalt. 



FOURTH SESSION. 



Monday, 2 o'clock, P. M., 
August 29, 1887. 

Synod convened. Roll called. 

Rev. L. K. Probst, at the call of the President, ad- 
dressed the Synod and congregation on the subject of 
Home and Foreign Missions. 

Rev. H. Wetzel was excused from further attendance 
upon the sessions of this convention of Synod. 

Tbe following resolutions on Home and Foreign Mis- 
sionary operations were offered: 

Whereas, In view of the connection which this Synod now sustains 
to the United Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in the South, 
it will be her duty properly to aid in promoting the important home 
missionary operations, as well as foreign, under the supervision of said 
United Synod, be it 

Resolved, That our pastors be required to bring this matter before 
their respective congregations, and that the said congregations are ad- 
vised to co-operate with their pastors in devising ways and means to 
raise not less than 10 cents per each communicant, by establishing con- 
gregational treasuries, or woman's societies, or whatever mode they 
may think the better for raising such amounts, and that the amounts 
be raised as soon as possible and sent to the Treasurer of our Synod, 
and the result be reported to the next meeting of our Synod. 

On motion, our pastors and congregations are hereby 



16 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

requested to take collections for Home and Foreign 
Missionary work. 

The Committee on Examination read their report. 
After some discussion, Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., was added 
to the committee, and the report was recommitted. 

Synod adjourned to meet on Tuesday at 9 A. M. — 
Prayer and benediction by Eev. J. Paul Stirewalt. 



FIFTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, 9 o'clock, A. M., 

August 30, 18«7. 

Divine services were conducted by Rev. Prof. W. P. 

Cline. House was called to order by the President. Roll 

called. The minutes of Monday were read, received, and 

adopted. 

The Treasurer's report was received, read by the Sec- 
retary, and, on motion, was referred to the Committee on 
Treasurers' Reports. 

Report of the Treasurer of the E. L. Term. Synod. 

J. K. EFIRD in Account with the 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1886. Dr. 

Nov. 12. To amt. on baud from last year $5 12 50 

" 12. To amt. received for Minutes 34 65 

" 12. To R. A. Yoder's expenses as corresponding dele- 
gate, refunded by him 5 00 

" 12. To amt. received from J. C. Moser 7 00 

" 12. To amt. received from C. H. Bernheim's charge, for 

expenses to United Synod 5 83 

Dec. 11. To amt. received from R. A. Yoder, for Minutes 2 40 

" 11. To amt. received from P. C. Wike, for an ordination 

certificate 25 

11. To amt. received from P. C. Wike, Synodical 3 00 

1887. 

Jan. 22. To cash received from J. A. Cromer, for Minutes.... . 2 00 

$72 63 



minutes of the evangelical lutheran tennessee 8tnod. 17 

home mission receipts. 
1886. De. 

Dec. 11. To amt. received from Bethlehem Sunday-school, 

Virginia, A. L. Crouse's charge $ 7 77 

1887. 

Jan. 8. To amt. received from Zion Sunday-school, South 

Carolina, J. A. Cromer's charge 3 00 

To amts. received from J. A. Cromer's charge, S. C. : 

Jan. 22. Zion 3 00 

May 3. St. Peter (Meetze's) 7 55 

May 3. Emmanuel 1 40 

To amts. received from J. P. Smeltzer's charge, S. C. : 

May 27. St. Thomas 3 63 

" Bethlehem 3 75 

" " St. Jacob 5 20 

July 3. To cash received from St. Peter's (Piny Woods) 

Woman's Missionary Society 10 50 

To amts. received from E. L. Lybrand's charge, S. C. : 

July 9. St. Paul 1150 

" " Cedar Grove 10 40 

" " St. James .• 3 10 

July 31. To cash received from St. Peter's (P. W.) Sunday- 
school 3 H 83 

" "To cash received from St. Peter's (P. W.) congre- 
gation 5 75 

June 20. To cash receiyed from the W. H. and F. Missionary 

Society, St. John's Church 12 00 

Total $92 38 

1886. Cr. 

Nov. 12. By cash paid C. H. Bernheim on expenses to 

United Synod— vou. 2 $15 95 

1887. 

Feb. 12. By cash paid Henkel & Co. for printing and 
mailing 1200 copies of Tennessee Synod 
Minutes— vou. 1 56 00 

Feb. 12. By two registered letters and postage 39 

Aug. 15. By amt. on hand due the Synod 29 

$72 63 



18 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



1887. 

Jan. 

Feb. 

May 

May 

July 

July 

Aug. 

June 



21. 

5. 

3. 
27. 

9. 

9. 
13. 
20. 



home mission disbursements. 
Cr. 
By one draft sent J. D. Cappleman — vou. 3. ....$ 3 00 

• —vou. 4.... 10 77 

cash " " — vou. 5.... 8 95 

—vou. 6.... 12 58 

— vou. 7.... 10 00 

—vou. 8.... 25 00 

—vou. 9.... 10 08 

cash sent J. D. Cappleman — vou. 10. . 12 00 



Total #92 38 



Respectfully submitted, 



J. K. EFIRD, 
Treas. E. L. Tenn. Synod. 



The following report was read by the chairman of the 
Committee on the State of the Church: 

Report of Committee on the State of the Church. 

There being but one member of your committee present, appointed 
to report on the State of the Church, 1 respectfully submit the following : 

Taking into consideration the extent of our entire field of 
labor, the number of congregations in our Synod, and the number of 
ordained ministers on our clerical roll, I think we are able to report 
considerable progress in the work which the good Lord has given us 
to do. 

No. 1. In Virginia, there are unity and harmony among the ministers. 
Brotherly love prevails, and each one is disposed to look over the weak- 
nesses of the other. All the churches are supplied with regular services. 
For the most part our pastorates are too large. More pastors are 
needed. Our people manifest greater life in church work. There is an 
increase of interest and zeal in all operations pertaining to the Master's 
Kingdom. 

Sunday-school work and catechisation are receiving more attention 
than formerly. New church edifices have been, and are yet being, 
erected. New organizations are being effected, and mission work within 
the bounds of our Conference is properly cared for. In general benevo- 
lence there has been, I think, an improvement, and yet there is still 
room for more improvement. 

The mission points in our Conference are Union Chapel, in Rock- 
ingham Co., Va., and Manassas, Prince William Co., Va. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 

I beg the privilege of calling the attention of Synod to the im- 
portance of looking after the interests of our Church in Alexandria 
and Norfolk. In the former city, there is a German but no English 
Church, while in the latter, there is no Lutheran Church at all. 

No. 2. In North Carolina, there is unity of thought and feeling 
among our pastors and people, except in a few instances, where there 
are still Union Sunday-schools, notwithstanding the direction and ad- 
vice of Synod to the contrary. 

In our congregations a greater interest has been awakened in 
general benevolence, collections being taken in some congregations 
at every service. There is a more general diffusion of both literary and 
religious knowledge among our people. 

No. 3. In South Carolina, the condition of our congregations is 
not as good as should be desired. Some of the members, I learn, are 
careless in attending the preaching of the Gospel, and still more so in 
bringing up their children in the good old Lutheran way. While this 
is the case with some, there is much to encourage us. The Sunday- 
schools are in a nourishing condition. Catechisation is practiced by 
our pastors, and these services are very well attended. The different 
benevolent works are receiving more attention than in the past. 

Our scattered people are looked after and cared for. The rapidly 
declining health of our devoted Father in Israel, Dr. J. P. Smeltzer, 
has made it necessary for him to resign his pastorate. It is still vacant. 
All our other congregations are regularly supplied. 

No. 4. In regard to the State of the Church in Alabama : The field 
as a mission point is important, yet the church there is not sufficiently 
strong in membership or financially able to offer a support to a minister. 
Through proper attention, Alabama seems to be a field now ripe to 
harvest, in which much good might be accomplished in establishing 
our dear Lutheran Church. 

The following are important points at which there are members of 
our Church, viz.: Cleburne Co., Ala., 113 members, organized; Jack- 
sonville, Calhoun Co. , Ala., 26 members, organized; Aniston, Calhoun 
Co., Ala., number indefinite, not organized ; Birmingham, Ala., number 
indefinite, not organized; Rome, Ga., number indefinite, not organized. 

Owing to the inability of the brethren to extend a support to their 
pastor, Rev. D. A. Sox, who, under many disadvantages, has labored 
for four years, depending upon his own efforts outside of the church 
for a support, he has resigned the work there, and recommends the 
same to the care of this Synod. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. PAUL STIREWALT, 
Chairman of Committee. 



20 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The report was received and considered item by item. 

1. Item was complied with, and Alexandria and Norfolk 
were referred to the Virginia Conference of the Tennessee 
Synod. 

2. Item adopted. 

3. Item complied with in adopting the report as a 
whole. 

4. Item was referred to the Committee on Missions. 
The report was adopted as a whole. 

The Committee on Letters and Petitions read the 
following report : 

Report of the Committee on Letters and Petitions. 

Your committee begs to report the following : 

No. 1 is a petition from St. Peter's (P. W.) congregation, Lexington, 
S. C, asking that the next convention of Synod be held in its church. 
We offer the following : 

Resolved, That when this Synod adjourns, it meet in its next con- 
vention in St. Peter's (P. W.) Church, Lexington county, S. C, at 10 
o'clock, A. M., on Saturday before the first Sunday in October, 1888. 

No. 2 is a letter from Rev. F. W. E. Peschau, President and Corre- 
sponding Delegate of the N. C. Synod, in which he conveys the fraternal 
greetings of that body, and asks our prayerful and kind attention to an 
important petition, which his Synod lays before us as follows : 

" The kind Christian greetings I bring you are the outgrowth of 
the kind and fraternal relations existing between the worthy pastors 
and faithful members of your honorable body, residing in the 'Old 
North State,' as our ecclesiastical neighbors; yea, brethren, with us in 
the same household of faith. 

The petition I present is an earnest request that your honorable 
body will, in view of the forming of 'the United Synod,' and in view of 
the pleasant relations thus made between us, as sister Synods, and in 
consonance with the whole movement to bring about more harmony, 
peace, unity, and strength, both local and general, in our dear Evang. 
Lutheran Church, South, grant the members of the North Carolina 
Conference, both clerical and lay, letters of honorable dismissal to the 
Evangelical Lutheran Synod pf North Carolina, that they may be one 
with us, not only in point of a confessional basis, but also one with us 
in corporate organization. 



' MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE STNOD. 21 

Will your honorable body grant this request, and thus bring about 
a union of brethren long desired ? May the Holy Spirit guide all in 
this important matter !" 

We offer the following : 

Resolved, That it is the sentiment of this body that such petition for 
transfer should proceed first from the North Carolina Conference of 
our Synod. 

Resolved, That whilst we appreciate the cordial, fraternal spirit 
manifest in that action, it is the sentiment of this Synod, that, in view 
of the present condition of the Church in the South, and the relations 
which this Synod sustains to it, it would be inexpedient, as well as 
injudicious, to form such a union ; especially, as it would result in 
disintegrating the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod — a Synod 
which has done so much towards sustaining and perpetuating the doc- 
trines of the Church, and which, it seems, still has a mission to fill, and 
a history to perpetuate, — and particularly as there is no necessity for 
such union, since the relations between the two Synods are so fraternal 
as to prevent any conflict in the respective and legitimate work or 
operations of the two Synods, under the happy regulations established 
by them in the year 1888. 

No. 3 is a paper from Rev. Prof. J. C. Moser, Treasurer of the 
Beneficiary Fund, in which he recommends : 

(a) The appropriation of $75.00 to beneficiary J. P. Price, $75.00 
to A. L. Bolick, and $125.00 to Wm. L. Darr; 

(b) That the names of A. L. Sigman and N. G. Deal be dropped 
from our Minutes. 

We offer the following : 

Resolved, That these recommendations be sustained, and that our 
Treasurer be, and he is hereby directed, to secure the repayment of any 
beneficiary moneys which have been paid to N. G. Deal. 

No. 4 is a letter from Rev. T Moser, in which he assigns as his 
reason for absence from this meeting, bodily infirmities and want of 
funds. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 5 is a letter from Rev. J. M. Smith, in which he gives as reason 
for his absence, want of means to defray traveling expenses. We rec- 
ommend that he be excused. 

No. 6 is a letter from Rev. D. Efird, in which he asks to be excused. 
We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 7 is a letter from Rev. E. L. Lybrand, in which he assigns his 
reason for absence as want of means. We recommend that he be 
excused. 

No. 8 is a letter from Rev. C. H. Bernheim, in which he assigns as 
his reason for absence, want of funds. We recommend that he be 
excused. 



22 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHEEAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. • 

No. 9 is a letter from Rev. J. C. Moser, in which he assigns as the 
principal reason for his absence, his labors in the school room. We 
recommend that he be excused. 

No. 10 is a letter from Rev. R. H. Cline, in which he assigns as 
reason for his absence, bad health. We recommend that he be excused. 
No. 11 is a letter from Rev. J. K. Efird, in which he assigns as the 
reason for absence, want of funds for traveling expenses. We recom- 
mend that he be excused. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. L. CROUSE, 
D. A. SOX, 
HALEY MYERS. 

The report was received and considered by items. 

Item 1 was postponed. 

Item 2 was adopted. 

Item 3 was adopted. 

Item 4 was adopted. 

Item 5, Eev. J. M. Smith was not excused. 

Item 6, the recommendation was sustained, and Eev. 

D. Efird was excused. 

Item 7, the recommendation was sustained, and Eev. 

E. L. Ly brand was excused. 

Item 8, Eev. C. II. Bernheim was not excused. 

Item 9 was adopted, and Eev. J. C. Moser was excused- 

Item 10, Eev. E. H. Cline was excused. 

Item 11, Eev. J. K. Efird was not excused. 

On motion, Synod now considered the absentees. 

Eev. Dr. J. P. Smeltzer was excused. 

The following' absent pastors were not excused: Eevs. 
J. E. Peterson, L. A. Bikle, D. D., Prof. M. L. Little, B. 
A. Goodman, D. J. Settlemyer, and D. C. Huffman. 

The Committee on President's Eeport submitted the 
following : 

Report of Committee on President's Report. 

We have examined that paper, and find a few facts that demand 
the attention of this body. 

1. The President having received a letter of honorable dismissal 
from Rev. B. S. Brown, of the North Carolina Synod, in view of having 
taken charge of Holy Trinity, at Hickory, and Zion's churches, N. C, 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 23 

in connection with this Synod, and desired to be installed, but as our 
Constitution and By-Laws are silent on the question of the President 
receiving ministers from other Synods, refers this matter to Synod, and 
recommends that the necessary steps be taken for his admission into 
our Synod ; we recommend that this suggestion be sustained. 

2. He recommends that, as the petition from the congregation in 
Jacksonville, Alabama, organized by Rev. U. A. Sox, asking for ad- 
mission into our Synod, failed to reach Synod in time at its last session 
for action, Synod to take formal action in regard to receiving said con- 
gregation into our connection. We sustain this recommendation. 

3. He also recommends that the time of the meeting of this Synod 
be fixed on a certain day, about the first Sunday of October, in each year. 

4. With reference to the recommendation to hold the meetings of 
our Synod more frequently in North Carolina, we recommend that this 
be regarded as impracticable. 

5. He recommends that Synod take under its care the special work 
of looking after the Alabama Mission, which has been for several } r ears 
under the supervision of Rev. D. A. Sox. We refer this matter to the 
Committee on Home Missions. 

I. CONDER, 
A. L. GROUSE, 
D. W. HAMMAN. 

The report was received and considered by items. 

Item 1 was referred to the Committee ou Examination. 

Item 2, the recommendation was sustained. 

Item 3, the recommendation of the President was not 
sustained. 

Item 4 was adopted as amended. 

Item 5 was adopted. 

The Committee on Unfinished Business submitted the 
following report: 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business. 

We, your Committee on Unfinished Business, submit the following : 

1. On page 9, item 3, we find Committee on Monument continued, 
with instruction to complete the work. What has that committee done ? 

2. On page 16, we notice that it was required of the officers of 
conferences to report to Synod in regard to the mission work of their 
respective bodies. Are they ready to report ? 

3. On page 10, Res. 2, we find that a committee of three ministers 
was appointed to report at this meeting of Synod, a full line of text- 



24 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

books, for use in our Sunday-schools. Has this committee complied 
with their duty? 

4. On page 19, we find there was a committee appointed by Synod, 
consisting of Rev. R. A. Yoder, Messrs. M. L. Cline, and A. Costner, 
to visit and examine the college property of the Sisters of Mercy, at 
Hickory, Catawba Co., N. C, with a view of purchasing, if they could 
procure the funds. Have they discharged their duty ? 

5. On page 24, we find a resolution to the effect that the ministers 
be required to bring the question of Home and Foreign Missionary 
operations before their respective congregations, in order to raise funds 
to further the missionary cause, under the supervision of the United 
Synod of the South. Did they do this? 

6. On page 24, we find a resolution making Revs. T. Moser and J. 
K. Efird, a committee to visit Concordia College, Conover, N. C, and 
to report its condition to next meeting of Synod. Have they performed 
their duty ? 

7. On same page, we find that the Committee on the Publication of 
the Book of Concord, was continued. Are they ready to report? 

8. On same page, we find a committee, consisting of Revs. S. 
Henkel, A. L. Crouse, and Prof. M. L. Little, appointed to prepare a 
paper setting forth the importance of Church Discipline, and a form 
for its administration. Is this committee ready to report? 

9. On same page, we find a resolution providing for a committee 
to be appointed by Synod to compile all the past acts of this Synod, 
needed by its members for guidance in their duties, for publication in 
the Minutes of Synod. Was this done ? 

Respectfully submitted, 

M. L. FOX, 

J. W. HAUSENFLUCK, 

D. I. OFFMAN. 

The report was received and its items were considered. 
Item 1, complied with, and the committee discharged. 

Report of Committee on Monument. 

I, as your committee to collect funds and erect a suitable monument 
at the grave of Philip Henkel, dec'd, in Randolph Co., N. C, submit 
the following report : 

I have succeeded in collecting funds to the amount of $31.06, and 
I have also had the work completed, and have placed a monument at 
his grave worth the amount above specified. 
Respectfully submitted, 

M. L. FOX. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 

Item 2, partially complied with, and the following 
resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the chairmen of the Executive Committees of Missions 
in our Conferences be, and are hereby, required to report annually to 
Synod a full, written report of the Missionary work of their bodies 
during the year. 

Item 3, nothing done. The committee was continued, 
the order of the committee being changed. Revs. Prof. 
J. S. Koiner, S. Henkel, D. D., and Prof. L. A. Bikle., D. 
D., compose the committee. 

In regard to item 4, the following report of last year's 
committee was adopted: 

Report of Committee to Visit IVit. St. Joseph's College, 
Hickory, North Carolina. 

We, your committee, appointed at the last session of Synod, to visit 
the school property of the Sisters of Mercy, Hickory, N. C, with a 
view of purchasing the same for the use of the E. L. Tenn. Synod, and 
report to this convention of Synod, would beg leave to submit the 
following : 

The committee, or two members of it, together with the ministers 
and delegates of the North Carolina Conference of the E. L. Tennessee 
Synod, then in session in Hickory, visited the grounds and buildings of 
that institution. All were well pleased with the location, grounds, &c. 
Thirteen acres, near the center of town, are enclosed, in the center of 
which, being the highest ground in Hickory, is situated the college 
building. 

The committee regrets that it was not prepared to purchase, having 
no funds with which to purchase. No terms were proposed to your 
committee. Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER, 
M. L. CLINE, 
A. COSTNER. 

Item 5, complied with for the most part. 

Item 6 was not complied with, and a committee, com- 
posed of Eevs. T. Moser and J. A. Eudisill, was appointed 
to visit Concordia College, Conover, N. C, and report its 
condition to the next convention of Synod. 

Item 7, the committee was continued. 



26 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Item 8, not complied with, and Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner 
was substituted for Rev. S. Heukel, D. D. 

Item 9, complied with. 

The report was adopted as amended. 

The following paper, on the publication of the Smaller 
Catechism, was offered. The paper was received, and after 
some discussion was adopted: 

Publication — The Catechism. 

Wheeeas, We learn that the last edition of Luther's Small Cate- 
chism, published by S. P. C. & C. C. Henkel, New Market, Va. , is 
exhausted; and 

Wheeeas, We need a good, reliable, Lutheran Catechism for our 
families, Sunday-schools, and catechumens, be it therefore 

Resolved 1. That we recommend to Henkel & Co., New Market, Va., 
the propriety of publishing another edition of that Catechism ; 

2. That, in the event they publish such an edition, we advise our 
people, teachers, and ministers to use it in their families, Sunday-schools, 
and catechetical classes, and to give it such other circulation as it de- 
serves. 

The following report of a special committee was re- 
ceived for consideration : 

Delegates to United Synod. 

We, your committee to appoint delegates to United Synod, submit 
the following: 

peincipals. Virginia. alteenates. 

Rev. S. Henkel, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, 

" A. L. Crouse, " I. Conder, 

" J. P. Stirewalt. " H. Wetzel. 



LAY-DELEGATES. 

Mr. D. S. Henkel, 
" Wm. Coffman, 
" Philip Killian. 

PRINCIPALS. 

Rev. J. C. Moser, 
" R. A. Yoder, 
" P. C. Henkel, 
" W. P. Cline. 



North Carolina. 



LAY-DELEGATES. 

Mr. A. L. Henkel, 
" Isaiah Printz, 
" Isaiah Bowman. 

ALTERNATES. 

Rev. M. L. Fox, 
" J. R. Peterson, 
" J. S. Koiner, 
" J. A. Rudisill. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



27 



LAY-DELEGATES. 

Mr. James T. Miller, 
" John F. Moser, 
" A. M. Huitt, 
" D. P. Boeer. 



PRINCIPALS. 

Rev. J. K. Efird, 
" J. A. Cromer. 

LAY-DELEGATES. 

Maj. H. A. Meetze, 
Dr. J. W. Earele. 



South Carolina. 



Respectfully submitted, 



LAY-DELEGATES. 

Mr. C. T. Sigman, 
" Tobias Barnes, 
" F. L. Herman, 
" D. M. Wyant. 

ALTERNATES. 

Rev. Dr. J. P. Smeltzer, 
" E. L. Lybrand. 

LAY-DELEGATES. 

Mr. P. S. Fulmer, 
" Lewis Shealey. 

P. C. HENKEL, 
J. N, STIREWALT, 
J. A. CROMER. 



Pending the discussion of this report, Synod ad- 
journed to meet at 2 P. M. Benediction by Rev. Dr. M. 
L. Fox. 



SIXTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, 2 o'clock, P. M., 

\ August 30, 1887. 

House called to order. Roll was called. 

The consideration of the pending discussion was post- 
poned for one-half an hour. 

The Committee on Missions read their report, as 
follows : 

Report of Committee on Missions. 

"We, the Committee on Missions, beg leave to call the attention of 
Synod to our church work in Alabama, which for four years has been 
under the pastoral care of Rev. D. A. Sox, but now rendered vacant by 
his recent resignation. We recommend : 

First, That said work in Alabama be made a special mission field 
of this Synod. 

Secondly, That this Synod put into said field, as early as possible, 
a missionary, and sustain him. 



28 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Thirdly, That by adopting this, Synod pledges herself to pay her 
missionary $300.00 per year. 

Fourthly, That the mission be required to raise the other $200.00 
of a salary of $500.00. 

J. A. RUDISILL, 
P. C. WIKE, 
D. A. SOX. 

The report was received and considered item by item. 

Item 1 was adopted. 

Item 2 was adopted. 

Item 3 was adopted. 

Item 4 was adopted. 

The report was adopted as a whole and as amended. 

On motion, the President and Secretary of Synod 
were made the Missionary Board of Synod. 

The following resolution was offered, received, and 
adopted : 

Resolved, That hereby Synod earnestly request her people in her 
mission field in Alabama, to make an earnest effort to aid her in sup- 
porting the missionary in their midst, and to heed his appeals for 
such aid. 

The report of the committee, appointed to propose 
names of Delegates to the United Synod, was adopted as 
amended; the name of Prof. J. F. Moser being substitu- 
ted for that of Mr. John F. Lippard. 

On motion. Rev. 0. Beard was granted the privilege 
of making some remarks on the Staunton Female Seminary. 

The Committee on Examination read their report. — 
The report was adopted. Afterward, it was moved to re- 
consider the report. The motion prevailed, and the report 
was recommitted. 

The following resolution was unanimously adopted : 

Resolved, That the hearty thanks of this body are due, and hereby 
expressed, to the members of this congregation, and other friends of 
this community, for the courteous and kind entertainment which we 
have enjoyed during this convention of the Synod. 

Also, our thanks are hereby expressed to the officers of the B. & O. 
R. R., and. the Shenandoah Valley R. R., for favors granted to members 
of this body. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 29 

The following is the Report of the Committee on the 
Treasurer's Report : 

Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report. 

I, the committee appointed to examine and andit the report of the 
Treasurer of the Synod, find all credits in the Synodical Treasurer's 
Report correct, and approved by vouchers and statements. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. W. ZIRKLE. 

The report was received and adopted. 

The following, from Minutes of 1886, page 25, was 
substituted for the preamble and resolutions offered by 
the Committee on Theological Study in Concordia College: 

In regard to Theological Instruction at Concordia College, Conover, 
N. C, it was moved that Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner continue to devote a 
portion of his time to such instruction, and that the College Board pay 
him in proportion to the labor he performs, out of the funds which 
have been or may be raised for such purpose, and paid into the hands 
of the Treasurer of College. 

Synod adjourned to meet on Wednesday, at 9 A. M. 
Benediction by Rev. M. L. Fox, M. D. 



SEVENTH SESSION 



Wednesday, 9 o'clock, A. M., 
August 31, 1887. 

Divine services were conducted by Rev. Prof. W. P. 
Cline. 

House was called to order by the President. On mo- 
tion, roll call was dispensed with. The minutes of Tuesday 
were read, received, and adopted. 

It was moved, that it be made the duty of Rev. A. L. 
Grouse, to ascertain the amount due the United Synod by 
the Tennessee Synod, report to the President of this Synod, 
and that the President issue an order on the Treasurer 
for the amount. 

The motion prevailed. 



30 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHEEAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

On motion, the Report of the Committee on Letters 
and Petitions was taken up, and the item referred was 
considered. After mature consideration, the item was 
adopted. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

The Committee on Examination read the following 
report : 

Report of Committee on Examination. 

We, your Committee on Examination, would beg leave to submit 
the following : 

We have had an interview with Rev. B. S. Brown, who is in charge 
of two congregations in connection with our Synod, and who comes 
with a letter of honorable dismissal from the President of the North 
Carolina Synod to our Synod, asking admission into the E. L. Term. 
Synod. 

The committee cannot consistently recommend his reception into 
our Synod ; because his views on the formula of the administration of 
the Holy Lord's Supper, on self-administration of the Lord's Supper, 
and on Pulpit and Altar Fellowship, do not accord with the principles 
of this Synod as laid down in the Summit Rule, and since defined by 
the resolution adopted at Conover in 1883, and at Dallas in 1886. 

And we further recommend, that the President of the E. L. Tenn. 
Synod return to Rev. B. S. Brown his letter of honorable dismissal, and 
that it be accompanied with the reasons for this action of Synod. 

We, your Committee on Examination, would recommend the name 
of Mr. Jacob Wike, as an applicant for beneficiary aid. The young 
man has not appeared before the committee in person, but is well known 
to several of the committee ; one being his pastor. He is a young man 
of good moral character, has made considerable progress in his studies, 
and is a good student. We recommend that the sum of $75.00 be ap- 
propriated for his use during this year. 
Respectfully submitted, 

P. C. HENKEL, 
R. A. YODER, 
J. N. STIREWALT, 
S. HENKEL. 

The report was received and considered by items. 

Item 1 was adopted as amended. 

Item 2 was adopted. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 31 

On motion, Parochial Eeports were read. 

The Secretary was instructed, by Synod, to have 1200 
copies of the Minutes of this convention of the Synod 
printed. 

Synod dispensed with the election of delegates to 
other synods only for this year. 

The delegates appointed, last year, by this Synod to 
other synods, were called upon to report, and it was found 
that they had partially performed their duties. 

The following resolution was offered and adopted : 

Resolved, That the Treasurer of Concordia College be required to 
forward his report to the next convention of this Synod. 

It was moved that our pastors be requested, and they 
are hereby required, to take up at an early day collections 
to defray the traveling expenses of delegates to the 
United Synod, and pay or report the amount to the Treas- 
urer of Synod, and that he pay said expenses proportion- 
ately. 

The minutes as read and corrected were adopted. 
Synod adjourned to meet' at the time and place desig- 
nated. Prayer and benediction by Eev. Prof. J. S. Koiner. 

J. PAUL STIKEWALT, 
Sec'y Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 



32 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Religious Services. 



Saturday, 11 A. M., August 27.— Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, Ps. 32, 5. 

Sunday, 11 A. M., August 28.— Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, Ps. 127, 1. 

Sunday, 11 A. M.> August 28.— Rev. Prof. W. P. Cline, Eph. 4, 30, 
in the Parochial School building. 

Sunday, 7 P. M., August 28.— Rev. D. A. Sox, Matt. 27, 51. After 
the sermon addresses were delivered by the pastor loci. Rev. A. L. 
Crouse, and Rev. L. K. Probst, of Charleston, S. C, on the important 
work of Home and Foreign Mission Work, and a collection was taken 
for that purpose. 

Monday, 11 A. M., August 29.— Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D., Luke 
22, 19-20, after which confession and absolution were attended to by 
the pastor loci, and the holy communion was administered to a goodly 
number of God's believing children. 

Monday, 7 P.M., August 29.— Rev. J. A. Rudisill, Heb. 3, 2. 
Tuesday, 11 A. M., August 30.— Rev. P. C. Wike, John 21, 15. 

Tuesday, 7 P. M., August 30.— Rev. J. A. Cromer, Matt. 22, 14. 



Order of Business. 



First Day. 

1. — Devotional exercises by the President. 

2.— Call of Clerical Roll. 

3. — Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 

4. — Reading of President's Report. 

5. — Election of Officers. 

6. — Reception of Advisory Members. 

7. — Reception of Letters and Petitions. 

8.— Appointment of Standing Committees. 

9. — Devotion. 

Other Days. 

1. —Devotion. 

2. -Calling of Roll. 

3. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 

4. — Unfinished Business. 

5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 

6. — Reports of Special Committees. 

7. — Resolutions. 

8. — New Business. 

9. — Devotion. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 33 

List of Churches in Connection with the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod. 



Alabama. 

Cleburne County. — St. Michael. 

Calhoun County. — Zion. 

South Carolina. 

Lexington County. — Zion, St. Peter (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Emmanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethle. 
hem, St. Thomas. 

Richland County. — St. Andrew. 

North Carolina. 

Alamanoe County. — Mt. Pleasant. 

Alexander County. — Friendship, Salem, Pisgah. 

Burke County. — Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 

Caldwell County. — Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Lutz. 

Cabarrus County.— St. Martin, Lutheran Union. 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. Paul, 
St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, Bethel. 

Cleveland County. — St. Matthew. 

Davidson County. — Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem. 

Gaston County. — St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

Iredell County. — Sharon, St. Martin. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinitj T , Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon. 

Mecklenburg County. —Morning Star. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthon. 

Rowan County. — Mt. Moriah, St. Mark, Phanuel. 

Stanley County. — St. Martin. 

Union County. — Emmanuel. 

Watauga County. — Valle Crusis, Mt. Pleasant. 
Virginia. 

Augusta County. — Bethlehem, St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. — Bethany (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, 
Trinity, St, Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel. 

Page County.— St. Paul, St. William, Fairview, Grace, Mt. Calvary, 
Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. Mary 
(Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, St- 
Stephen, St. David, Mt. Calvary. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 



34 



MINUTES OF THIC EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



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36 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Standing Resolutions. 

Resolved, That each of our pastors is required to teach his people 
the duty of Christian giving, and to take up in each of his congregations 
collections for beneficiary education, and to report at each regular con- 
vention of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the Council of each congregation be requested to 
send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written Report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom, of thoroughly catechising 
those who propose to become members of our communion, previous to 
their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, and rather a 
loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the Church, without 
the slightest examination of them in regard to their religious knowledge 
and other qualifications for church membership, has been practiced by 
some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend all our ministers and con- 
gregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all who 
make application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, by 
Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous to 
their confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when persons 
of age and experience make application, or such young persons as have 
been so favorably situated as to have had opportunities to become ac- 
quainted with and to have informed themselves of our doctrines and cus- 
toms, seek church privileges, we recommend that their request be 
granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have been examined by the 
pastor, before the council, and have been approved by them. 

Resolved, That the ministers of our connection be requested to en- 
deavor to get up and encourage Sunday schools in all their congregations 
and report their success to the Committee on the State of the Church, 
some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved, That the Committee on the State of the Church be required 
to make every reasonable effort, during the Synodical year, to ascertain 
the condition of all the congregations in our connection, and report the 
same to the annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved, That it be the duty of the President, with the consent of 
the pastor elect and the congregation, to appoint a committee of installa- 
tion, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in our Synod, to 
perform this ceremony. 

Resolved, That no minister be excused who does not sufficiently 
respect Synod as to send directly to it the reasons for his absence. 

Resolved, That we hereby establish a Synodical Fund, to be raised 
by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which all con- 
tingent expenses of Synod are to be met. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 37 

Resolved, That hereafter the expenses of corresponding delegates to 
sister Synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 

Resolved, That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our Ministers 
to ask their Congregations to defray their expenses in attending the 
meetings of our Synod. 

Resolved, That the ministers connected with this Synod, when ab- 
sent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending in 
their reports to Synod. 

Resolved, That the Mission Work of this Synod be transferred to the 
several Conferences. 

Resolved, That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestly and 
actively in this work under such regulations as may to them seem best. 

Resolved, That the officers of the Conferences be required to make, 
to each meeting of Synod, a full report of the Missionary Work of their 
bodies during the year. 

Resolved, That the reports of the Conferences in regard to Mission 
Work, be referred to the Committee on the State of the Church. 

Resolved, That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in their 
power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, lecturing, 
and catechisation, with a view sooner or later of getting men of their 
own color to look after the spiritual interests of their race in connection 
with the Lutheran church. 

Whereas, It is meet and right, that the dignity, sacredness, and 
solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and in 
order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved, That Synod recommend, that all applicants for examina- 
tion and ordination, and for whom there are petitions to Synod from a 
congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination and ordi- 
nation, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services on the 
part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some session 
of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and if found 
qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further 

Resolved, That it is the sentiment of this Synod, that this recom- 
mendation should be acquiesced- in, in all possible cases, as the order 
of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved, That, with a view of establishing proper relations between 
Concordia College, situated at Conover, N. C, and the Evangelical Lu- 
theran Tennessee Synod, we, in meeting assembled, agree, 1. that, when- 
ever a vacancy, or vacancies, occur, either by death, resignation, or 
removal, in the Board of Trustees or in the Faculty, the said Synod shall 
have the right as well as the privilege to recommend a suitable person, or 
persons, to fill such vacancy or vacancies ; 2. that the Synod shall have 
the right to appoint a Board of Visitors, whose duty it shall be annually 



38 MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

to visit said school, and make such report of the condition of the school 
to each session of the Synod, as may be deemed most advantageous; 3. 
that it shall be the duty of the President of the Faculty to make a report 
annually to Synod, relative to moral and literary condition of the school, 
which report shall also be signed by the secretary of the faculty; 4. that 
the President of the Board of Trustees shall also make an annual report 
to Synod, in regard to the financial condition of the school, which report 
shall likewise be signed by the secretary of the Board of the Trustees ; 
5. that this school shall be continued and conducted as a church institu- 
tion, under such rules and regulations, as may be instituted by the Board 
of Trustees, in accordance with the charter, and the Confessions of the 
Church as set forth in the Christian Book of Concord, each teacher, in- 
structor, or professor, taking an obligation not to teach anything in said 
school that is contrary to said Confessions. 

These stipulations or propositions shall be valid and in force, pro- 
vided the said Synod shall acquiesce, and is disposed to lend said insti- 
tution its fostering care and encouragement, as well as its influence and 
moral force ; provided, that if the SjTiod shall fail, after notice, to rec- 
ommend, in due time, a suitable person or persons to fill such vacancy 
or vacancies, the proper authorities of said institution, shall proceed to 
fill such vacancy or vacancies. 

Resolved, That we, as a Synod, accept the propositions made to us 
by the Board of Trustees of Concordia College, and that in consideration 
of the rights and privileges therein granted, we will lend to said institu- 
tion our fostering care, influence, and moral support. — See Minutes of 
1883, page 18. 

Resolved, That our beneficiaries and students of theology shall 
neither preach nor absent themselves from their recitations without 
special permission of the faculty of Concordia College, and that we ad- 
vise that they preach not more than once a month. 

Resolved, That the officers of each church within our bounds be re- 
quested to see, that each member of their congregation and Sunday- 
school pay at least 5 cents per annum into the beneficiary fund. 

Resolved, That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, con- 
sulting with the pastor loci, to arrange for the Sunday-school services, 
to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, by appoint- 
ing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting subjects, and 
informing the speakers of their selection at least two months previous 
to each meeting of Synod. 



MINUTES OF THE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 39 



Theological Course for Private Students. 

Home's Introduction, Kurtz's Sacred History, Kurtz's Church 
History, Hutter's Compend, Book of Concord, (Henkel, First Edition), 
Book of Concord, (Jacob's Edition, 1882), Knapp's Theology, Krauth's 
Conservative Reformation, Schmidt's Dogmatics, Mann's Schmidt's 
Ethics, Vinet's Homiletics, Ripley's Sacred Rhetoric, Vinet's Pastoral 
Theology. 

Instruction must be given in Liturgies, Catechetics, and Ecclesias- 
tical Polity. 



INDEX. 



PAGE. 

Absentees, -----22 

Beneficiaries, ....4 

Clerical Roll, - 3, 4 

Candidates for the Ministry, -•----._.. 4 
Committees to Report during this Convention, - 9 

Delegates to United Synod, 26, 27 

Election of Officers, _----_.._ 7 

Lay Delegates, -....5 

List of Churches, 33 

Officers of Synod, ----2 

Order of Business, -■_,--_.'. --32 

Parochial Reports, 34, 35 

Place of Next Meeting, - 2 

President's Peport, -5, 6, 7 

Publication — Catechism, -------- 26 

Printing Minutes, - -31 

Report of Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, - - - 11, 12 
Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report (Beneficiary Fund), - 13 
Report of the President of Concordia College, - - - 13 

Report of President of Board of Trustees of Concordia College, 13, 14 
Report of Committee on Church Institutions, . ... 14 

Resolutions in regard to Home and Foreign Missions, - - - 15 
Report of the Committee on the State of the Church, - - - 18, 19 
Report of the Committee on Letters and Petitions, - - 20, 21, 22 
Report of Committee on President's Report, - - - - 22, 23 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business, - - - - 23, 24 

Report of Committee on Monument, ------ 24 

Report of Committee to Visit Mt. St. Joseph's College, - - - 25 

Report of Committee on Missions, 27, 28 

Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report, 29 

Report of Committee on Examination, 30 

Religious Services, ---------- 32 

Standing Committees, ..- 2 

Standing Resolutions, 36, 37, 38 

Time of Next Meeting, 2 

Treasurer's Report— Beneficiary Fund, - - - - - 10, 11 

Theological Instruction, 29 

Treasurer's Report, - - 16, 17, 18 

Theological Course, 39 

Vote of Thanks, ---------- 28 



MINUTES 



OF THE 



SIXTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



OF THE 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



TENNESSEE SYNOD, 



HELD IN 



St. Peter (P. W.) Church, Lexington Co., S. C, 



DECEMBER 1-5, li 



Henkel & Co., Printers, New Market, Va., 
Office of "Our Church Paper," "Shenandoah Valley," &c. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President— Rev. J. C. MOSER Hickory, N. C. 

Secretary— Rev. A. L. CROUSE Orkney Springs, Va. 

Cor. Secretary— Rev. W. P. CLINE .... Ilex, N. C. 
Treasurer— Rev. J. N. STIREWALT .... Stony Man, Va. 
Treas. of Bene. Fund— Rev. J. M. SMITH . Conover, N. C. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON ST A TE OF THE CHURCH. 

Rev. Prof. M. L. LITTLE, Rev. J. P. STIREWALT, and Rev. 

E. L. LYBRAND. 

ON EX AMI N A TION. 

Revs. P. C. HENKEL, D. D., A. L. CROUSE, Prof. R. A. YODER, 

J. P. STIREWALT, J. K. EFIRD, and E. L. LYBRAND. 



PLACE AND TIME OF NEXT CONVENTION. 



Friday, 10 A. M., before the second Sunday in November, 1889, in 
Holly Grove Church, Davidson County, N. C. 



MINUTES 

OF THE 

SIXTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANG. LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



FIRST SESSION. 



St. Peter's (P. W.) Church, 

Lexington County, S. C, 

December ist, 188S. 
The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met in her 
sixty-eighth annual convention with St. Peter (Piny Wood) 
congregation, Lexington county, S. C, at n A. M., Dec. 
i, 1 888. The President, Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner, preached 
the opening sermon from Eph. 4, 15. The Secretary, Rev. 
J. P. Stirewalt, being absent, Rev. A. L. Crouse was ap- 
pointed Secretary pro tern. The ministerial roll was called, 
and the names of the pastors present noted. The roll of 
congregations was called, and the names of delegates pres- 
ent enrolled; 

CLERICAL ROLL. 
PASTORS. POSTOFFICES. 

Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D.* Conover, N. C. 

" J. R. Peterson* Dallas, N. C. 

" T. Moser* Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

" S. Henkel, D. D New Market, Va. 

" H. Wetzel* Woodstock, Va. 

" C. H. Bernheim Conover, N. C. 

" D. Enrol Lexington, S. C. 

" J. M. Smith Conover, N. C. 

" Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D.f Dallas, N. C. 

" Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D* Luray, Va. 



* Absent and excused, f Absent and not excused. 



4 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. I. Conder* McGaheysville, Va. 

J. N. Stirewalt Stony Man, Va. 

A. L. Crouse Orkney Springs, Va. 

J. P. Stirewalt * New Market, Va. 

Prof. M. L. Little * Dallas, N. C. 

J. C. Moser Hickory, N. C. 

J. K. Enrd Rightwell, S. C. 

J. A. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

E- L. Lybrand Summit Point, S. C. 

Prof. R. A. Yoder Conover, N. C. 

" J. S. Koiner Conover, N. C. 

" D. A. Sox Conover, N. C. 

D. A. Goodman f Happy Home, N. C. 

J. W. Hauseunuckf Alma, Va. 

Prof. W. P. Cline Ilex, N. C. 

D. J. Settlemyre f New Sterling, N. C. 

J. A. Rudisill . . . Henry, N. C. 

Prof. R. H. Cline China Grove, N. C. 

P. C. Wike Maurertown, Va. 

D. C. Huffman * Hickory, N. C. 

J. P. Price i Bost's Mills, N. C. 

CANDIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

Prof. J. F. Moser Conover, N. C. 

D. I. Offman . . - New Market, Va. 

J. J. Shenk Luray, Va. 

BENEFICIARIES. 

A. L. Bolick Conover, N. C. 

Jacob Wike Conover, N. C. 

W. L. Darr Conover, N. C. 

J. J. George Conover, N. C. 

LAY-DELEGATES. 

C. M. Enrd— Zion, S. C. 

G. A. Kaminer— St. Peter (M.), S. C. 

E. J. Price— St. Paul, S. C. 

E. Swygert— Cedar Grove, S. C. 

A. E. Craps — St. James, S. C. 

E. J. Sox — -Emmanuel, S. C. 

A. G. Mayer— St. Peter (P. W.), S. C. 



Absent and excused. fAbsent and not excused. 

X Ordained this meeting. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

J. W. Summer— St. John, S. C. 

J. J. George— St. Jacob, S. C. 

J. P. Coogler— Bethlehem, S. C. 

J. D. Wessinger— St. Thomas, S. C. 

A. Ellinger— St. Andrew, S. C. 

J. M. Harward— St. Martin, Lutheran Union, St. Martin, N. C. 

D. F. Propst— St. James. 

J. L. Yount — Concordia, N. C. 

E. A. Smith— St. John, St. Paul, Bethel, N. C. 

J. W. Sain— Sardis, Trinity, Bethphage, Daniel, N. C. 

J. A. Darr— Pilgrim, N. C. 

A. M. Young— Beck's, N. C. 

Haley Myers— Emmanuel, N. C. 

A. R. Beck— New Jerusalem, N. C. 

Wm. Grimes— Holly Grove, N. C. 

A. C. Stroup— Lutheran Chapel, N. C. 

Carroll H. Little— Autioch, College Chapel, N. C. 

Eli D. Fry— Sharon, St. Martin, N. C. 

C. B. Sikes — Morning Star, Emmanuel, Monroe Mission. 

Jacob S. Ljpe— St. Mark, Phauuel, Mt. Moriah, N. C. 

W. Laminack — St. Michael, Ala. 

The President, Rev. J. S. Koiner, read his report, which 
was held for reference to the proper committee. 

PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

To the Tennessee Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church : 

Dear Brethren in Christ : — Assembled once more in Synod- 
ical Convention as representatives of congregations of our Lutheran 
Church, to deliberate on the affairs and interests of the flock of God 
which is among us, and on plans and means for the furthering of the 
work intrusted to us, we have reason humbly to thank God that he 
has spared our lives, bestowed upon us countless benefits out of his 
fatherly goodness and mercy, and led us again to greet each other face 
to face in order to exchange sentiments and feelings and to receive 
mutual encouragement in our labors. We have reason also, to ask 
him for the precious gift of his Hoty Spirit, to enable us all to do and 
say every thing at this meeting with godly fear, love, and trust. 

Since our last convention, our pastors have preached the Word in 
the congregations committed to their charge and have done the work 
of evangelists. Some new congregations have been organized and 
new churches have been erected, while many precious souls have been 
baptized into Christ, and many have been taught to observe the things 



6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

he has commanded. Though much remains undone, we have cause to 
praise the Lord, take courage and press forward. But we have to 
lament the loss of two of our small number of preachers, Revs. J. P. 
Smeltzer, D. D., and Dr. M. L. Fox, having been removed from labors 
on earth to eternal rest. We are admonished that there is no abiding 
here and that soon we shall have to give an account of our stewardship. 

Various pastoral changes have been made. Rev. Prof. J. C. Moser, 
having been called to the pastorate of Holy Trinity (at Hickory) and 
Zion congregations, Catawba Co., N. C, resigned the pastoral charge 
of St. John's and Concordia in the same count}-, in December, and 
entered upon his labors in the churches first named. St. John's has 
been served by Rev. J. M. Smith, and Concordia by myself up to this 
time. 

In March, Rev. C. H. Bernheim informed me that he had taken 
charge of St. Timothy, a recently organized congregation near Conover, 
North Carolina. 

In May, Rev. T. Moser wrote me that he had resigned his pastoral 
charge, consisting of our three congregations in Cabarrus and Stanley 
counties, N. C, on account of the state of his health. He also stated 
that this charge had extended a call to Mr. J. P. Price, one of our can- 
didates for the ministry. 

In June, Rev. A. L. Crouse informed me that he had resigned 
Bethlehem congregation at Ladd, Va. Later, I learned that he had 
taken charge of congregations in Shenandoah Co., Va. 

In July, Rev. J. K. Efird wrote me that he had received a call from 
St. Jacob's and St. Thomas' congregation, Lexington Co., S. C, stat- 
ing also that his work would be too great, if extended to comprise 
these congregations in addition to those he had been serving. Later, 
he informed me that a pastor was desired by the charge formerly com- 
posed of these two churches with Bethlehem. 

In November, Rev. P. C. Wike informed me that he had resigned 
Z.ion, Shenandoah Count}-, Va., in favor of a call to be given Rev. A. 
L. Crouse. 

Nov. 23, Rev. J. P. Stirewalt wrote me that he had taken charge 
of a congregation which he recently organized near Orkney Springs, 
Va. He stated that a church had been built and consecrated. 

According to direction of Synod, I returned to Rev. B. S. Brown 
his letter of honorable dismissal from the President of the North Caro- 
lina Synod, together with a statement of the reasons why he was not 
admitted to membership by this Synod. 

In the Summer, I learned through information from our Treasurer, 
that the amounts needed to pay the debts of our Synod had not passed 
into his hands, and that there was no money in the treasury. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

Through the columns of Our Church Paper, I then asked the attention 
of our brethren throughout the Synod to the duty of contributing to 
pay the expenses of the work of the Church in which the Synod is 
engaged. I hope it may appear at this meeting that our pastors and 
people generally have been active in the service of truth and love, and 
that no pledge of the Synod remains unredeemed. 

Oct. 21, 1887, I gave an order on our Treasurer to pay the Treas- 
urer of the United Synod South $12.40, — as directed by Synod. 

I gave orders on the Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund in favor of 
Messrs. J. P. Price, Wm. L. Darr, A. L. Bolick, and Jacob Wike, for 
the several amounts appropriated by Synod for their use. 

Mr. J. J. George, of Lexington Co., S. C, has signified his purpose 
of asking aid of Synod, as a beneficiary student. His pastor, Rev. J. 
K. Efird, vouches for his personal worth, and I ask the attention of 
Synod to his case, if presented. 

Rev. I. Conder has recently written to me touching a revision of 
the form of our Parochial Report. I recommend that a committee be 
appointed to present this matter to Synod, in convenient form for 
consideration. 

I respectfully recommend that our "Theological Course for Private 
Students," be placed in the hands of a committee with instructions to 
prepare and present to Synod a revision of the same. 

I also respectfully recommend that the Synod request each of these 
Conferences to transmit through its President, a written report of its 
missionary work and whatever other things require the attention of 
Synod, to the President of the Synod at least four weeks before its 
annual meeting. 

Ma}' the Spirit of the Lord quicken and strengthen us and grant 
us light and peace during this convention. Establish thou, Lord, the 
work of our hands upon us ; yea, the work of our hands establish 
thou it! J. S. KOINER. 

Nov. 27, 1S88. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

The election resulted as follows : 

Rev. J. C. Moser, President. 

Rev. A. L. Crouse, Secretary. 

Rev. Prof. W. P. Cline, Corr. Secretary. 

Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, Treasurer. 
Synod adjourned for dinner. Benediction by President. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



SECOND SESSION. 



Saturday, 2.30 P. M. 

The Synod was called to order, the roll was called, and 
the minutes read and approved. 

On motion, all Lutheran ministers present were' recog- 
nized and invited to seats within the bar of Synod, with the 
privilege of debate. Revs. C. A. Marks, Z. W. Bedenbaugh, 
M. J. Epting, and Prof. J. B. Fox were announced. Rev. 
Prof. A. G. Voigt, delegate from the S. C. Synod, presented 
his credentials and was received. The President announced 
the following 

STANDING COMMITTEES. 

On State of the Church. — Rev. Prof. M. L. Little, Rev. 
J. P. Stirewalt, and Rev. E. L. Lybrand. 

On Examination. — Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D., Rev. A. 
L. Grouse, Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, 
Rev. J. K. Efird, and Rev. E. L. Lybrand. 

COMMITTEES TO REPORT DURING THIS CONVENTION. 

I. On Letters and Petitions.— Revs. P. C. Wike, J. A. 
Cromer, and Mr. J. S. Lipe. 

II. On Unfinished Business. — Revs. Prof. \V. P. Cline, 
D. A. Sox, and Mr. J. J. George. 

III. On President's Report.— Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., 
C. H. Bernheim, and Mr. J. L. Yount. 

IV. On Treasurer 1 s Reports. — Revs. J. A. Rudisill, J. 
K. Efird, and Mr. E. A. Smith. 

V. On Church Institutions. — Revs. J. M. Smith, E. L. 
Lybrand, and J. N. Stirewalt. 

VI. On Missions.— Revs. J. S. Koiner, Prof. R. A. 
Yoder, and R. H. Cline. 

Letters and other papers for Synod were called for and 
handed to a committee, consisting of Revs. R. A. Yoder and 
\V. P. Cline, for classification. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

The following reports were read and referred to their 
committee : Report of Rev. J. C. Moser, Treasurer of the 
Beneficiary Fund; Report of Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Assist- 
ant Treasurer of the Beneficiary Fund ; Report of Rev. J. N. 
Stirewalt, Treasurer ; Report of Mr. Jonas Hunsucker, Treas- 
urer of the Theological Fund. 

TREASURER'S REPORT— BENEFICIARY FUND. 

J. C. MOSER, Treasurer of the Beneficiary Fund, 
In account with the 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

1887. Dr. 

To balance on hand as per report made to Synod last year . . .$ 34 72 

Sept. 12. To amount from Rev. P. C. Henkel's pastorate : St. 
Peter's, $2 00 ; St. Stephen's, $10 00 ; May 17, '88, 
St. Peter's, $2 86 14 86 

Oct. 4. To amt. from Rev. J. M. Smith's pastorate : Bethel, 

$4 00 ; St. Paul's, $4 00 ; May 17, '88, Bethel, $2 00 10 00 

Oct. 8. To amt. from Rev. S. Henkel, Assistant Treasurer . . 25 00 

Oct. 29. To amt. from Rev. C. H. Bernheim's pastorate: Friend- 
ship, $2 00 ; Salem, $3 75 ; Pisgah, $1 83 ; Philadel- 
phia, $3 90 1 1 4S 

Nov. 12. To amt. from Rev. J. A. Cromer's pastorate : Zion, 
#5 00 ; St. Peter's, $5 00 ; Emmanuel, $3 00 ; St. 
Andrew's, I200 ' . 15 00 

Dec. 20. To amt. from Rev. J. R. Peterson's pastorate: Christ's, 

$8 15 ; Mt. Holly, $3 00 ; St. Luke's, $2 00 ... . 13 J5 

1888. 

Jan. 2. To amt. from Rev. J. C. Moser's pastorate: Newton, 
$500; Concordia, $1000; Concordia Sunday-school, 
$5 00 20 00 

Jan. 3. To amt. from Rev. R. A. Yoder's pastorate: St. James, 

$10 00 ; Salem, $6 00 ; Grace, $5 00 21 00 

To amt. from Rev. S. Henkel, Assistant Treasurer . 50 25 
To amt. from Rev. J. A. Rudisill's pastorate: Sardis, 
$1 70 ; Trinity, $2 56 ; Daniel's, $3 50 ; Bethphage, 

$4 44 12 20 

To amt. from Rev. W. P. Cline's pastorate 10 00 

To amt. from Rev. J. S. Koiner's pastorate : Luther- 
an Chapel 2 30 



Jan. 


24. 


Mar. 


8. 


Mar. 


9- 


Mar. 


10. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Mar. 



Apr. 


7- 


May 


6. 


July 


IO. 


Oct. 


ii. 


Oct. 


31- 


Oct. 


16 



Oct. 16 



Oct. 



Oct. 



-NOV. 



24. To amt. from Rev. D. J. Settlemyre's pastorate : 
Sharon, $8.00 ; July 27th, St. Martin's, $8 00 . . . J 

To amt. from Rev. R. H. Cline's pastorate 

To amt. from Rev. J. C. Moser's pastorate : Holy 
Trinity, $10 00 ; Zion, $7 00 ; Mr. S. A. Hawn, .50 
10. To amt. from Rufus Mosteller 

To amt. from Rev. P. C. Wike's pastorate : $26 00; 

$400 

To amt. from Rev. R. A. Yoder's pastorate: St. James, 
$10 00 

To amt. from Rev. J. S. Koiner's pastorate : Concor- 
dia, $10 00 

To amt. from Rev. C. H. Bernheim's pastorate : 
Philadelphia, $8 23 ; Shiloh, $4 85 ; Dec. 1st, St. 
Timothy, $3 86 ; Friendship, $6 76 ; Salem, $4 52 . 

To amt. from Rev. P. C. Henkel's pastorate : St. 
Stephen's, $5 39 ; St. Peter's, $2 96 

To amt. froniRev.J. R. Peterson's pastorate: Christ's, 
$S 50 ; Mt. Holly, $6 50 



;o. 



U. 



16 


00 


8 


00 


17 


50 


5 


00 



30 00 



28 22 



8 35 



15 00 



feSS 03 
350 00 

To balance on hand $38 03 



Cr. 

24. By cash to Jacob Wike $ 25 00 

A. L. Bolick 25 00 

W. L. Darr 25 00 

J. P. Price 25 00 



to J. P. Price 20 00 

" W. D. Darr 20 00 

' ' Jacob Wike 20 00 

" W. D. Darr 25 co 

" J. P. Price 25 00 

" W. L. Darr 20 00 

" Jacob Wike 25 00 

" J. P. Price 5 00 

" A. L. Bolick 10 00 

" A. L. Bolick 15 00 

" W. L. Darr 15 00 

" A. D. Bolick 25 00 



1887. 






Oct. 


24. 


By cash t 


Nov. 


4- 


i i 


^ov. 


14. 


1 1 


Nov. 


18. 


i t 


1888. 






Jan. 


3- 


By cash 


Jan. 


4- 




Jan. 


10. 




Jan. 


30- 


" ' 


Mar. 


10. 


1 1 t 


April 


6. 


i i t 


Mav 


17- 


" ' 


May 


17- 


i i t 


May 


18. 


1 i i 


Sept. 


15- 


a l( 


Oct. 


13- 


1 1 ( 


Oct. 


16. 


( i t 



MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. ] 

Oct. 16. By cash to Jacob Wike 5 00 

Oct. 31. " " W. L. Darr '. 20 00 

fo5o 00 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. C. MOSER. 



REPORT OF ASSISTANT TREASURER OF BENEFICIARY 

FUND. 

SOCRATES HENKEE, In Account with the 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1887. Dr. 

Aug. 23. To balance on hand at previous settlement, Aug. 23, $ 25 57 
" 31. To amt. from Emmanuel Church, S. Henkel's charge 800 
" 31. To amt. from Morning Star, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's 

charge 2 00 

" 31. To amts. from Rev. P. C. Wike's charge : St. Jacob's, 
$3.50; St. Paul's, $2.50; St. Stephen's, $1.95; 

Zion's, $6.56 ; St. Matthew's, $8.00 2251 

31. To amt. from Rev. A. L. Crouse's charge 451 

" 31. To amt. from Rev. M. E. Fox's charge 4 35 

Oct. 4. To amt. from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge 20 00 

" 5. To amt. from Mt. Zion, S. Henkel's charge . ... 450 

188S. 
Jan. 2. To amts. from Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge : Mt. 

Calvary, $3.00; Grace, $2.10 5 10 

" 2. To amt. from Mrs. Mary Henkel 1 00 

Nov. 21. To amt. from Bethel, per Rev. Crouse 1 50 

" 24. To amt. from Mt. Zion, S. Henkel's charge .... 4 00 

" 26. To amt. from Emmanuel's, S. Henkel's charge . . 8 00 

$111 04 
" 27. To amt. from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge .... 16 00 

$127 04 
1887. Cr. 

Oct. 3. By postal money order to Rev. J. C. Moser, 

Treasurer $25 00 

1888. 

Jan. 20. By amt. paid Rev. J. C. Moser, Treasurer. . . . 50 25 

75 25 

Nov. 27. To balance due Synod $51 79 



12 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

J. N. STIREWALT, In Account with the 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1887. Dr. 

August 30. To amount from former Treasurer $ 30 

" 30. To amount in the hands of Henkel & Co., not re- 
ported by former treasurer 9 33 

" 30. To amount received for minutes 45 20 

" 30. To amounts paid Henkel & Co., for minutes ... 15 78 

Total amount $70 61 

1S87. 

October 8. To printing and binding twelve hundred copies — ■ 

40 pages — of minutes $ 66 00 

" S. To postage, express, &c, on minutes 7 23 

Total cost of minutes $73 23 

1S87. 

October 30. By amt. paid Henkel & Co. for printing, 
mailing, expressing, &c, 1200 copies of 

Tennessee Synod Minutes $ 36 30 

1S88. 

January 2. By amt. paid Henkel & Co., on printing 

Minutes 5 20 

Feb. 20. By amt. paid Henkel & Co., on printing 

Minutes 4 00 

' ' 20. By amt. in hands of Henkel & Co 9 33 

" 20. By amt. in hands of Henkel & Co 15 78 

Total amt. paid on printing $ 70 61 

To balance due Henkel & Co $ 2 62 

home mission receipts. 
1887. 

August 30. To amt. rec'd from Rev. I. Conder's charge. . . . $3 00 
" 30. To amt. rec'd from Rev. M. L. Fox's charge .... 3 20 
Oct. 10. To amt. rec'd from Rev. W. P. Cliue's charge. . . . 15 00 
" 31. To amt. rec'd from Emmanuel Church S. S., per 

E. O. Henkel, Rev. S. Henkel's charge 2 56 

" 31. To amt. rec'd from Mt. Zion church, Rev. S. Hen- 
kel's charge 2 50 

" 31. To amt. rec'd from Emmanuel, per S. A. Henkel, 

Rev. S. Henkel's charge 4 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 1 3 

Nov. I. To amt. rec'd from St. Mark's church, Rev. J. I. 

MillerVcharge $ 7 00 

" 21. To amt. rec'd from Rev. T. Moser's charge . . . . 2 00 
1888. 
Feb. 13. To amt. rec'd from Mt. Nebo church, per G. A. 

Sommers 2 30 

June 6. To amt. rec'd from Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge . . 4 00 

August 31. To amt. rec'd from Rev. I. Conder's charge .... 3 12^ 

1887. 

August 24. To amt. rec'd from S. S. Convention in S. C. . . . 7 25 

Total arnt. rec'd for Home Missions $55 93 }4 

HOME MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 
1887. 

Nov. 27. By one draft sent J. D. Cappelmann . . $ 39 01 
1888. 

March 2. By amt. sent J. D. Cappelmann 2 27 

June 9. By amt. sent J. D. Cappelmann 3 93 

Sept. 3. By amt. sent J. D. Cappelmann 3 07^ 

1887. 

August 24. By amt. from S. S. Convention in S. C. , 

paid J. D. Cappelmann by H. A. Meetze 7 25 
By amt. paid for draft, postal orders, 
postage, &c 40 

Total amount paid for Home Missions $ 55 93^ 

FOREIGN MISSION RECEIPTS. 
1887. 

August 30. To amt. rec'd from Rev. M. L> Fox's charge . . $ 2 50 

October3i. To amt. rec'd from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge, 7 43 

1888. 

Feb. 13. To amt. rec'd from Mt. Nebo church, per G. A. 

Sommers 2 30 

August 20. To amt. rec'd from Rev. I. Conder's charge ... 3 12^ 

Total amt. rec'd for Foreign Missions $15 35^ 

FOREIGN MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 
1888. 

January 7. By amt. sent J. D. Cappelmann $ 9 75 

Sept. 3. By amt. sent J. D. Cappelmann 3 07^ 

March 2. By amt. sent J. D. Cappelmann 2 27 

By amt. paid for postal orders and postage 26 

Total amt. paid out for Foreign Missions . . $15 35^ 



14 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

UNITED SYNOD EXPENSES. 

To amt. rec'd from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge . $ 32 10 
To amt. rec'd from Rev. P. C. Wike's charge. ... 16 35 
To amt. rec'd from Rev. T. Moser's charge 2 00 

To amt. rec'd from Rev. S. Henkel's charge ... 7 50 

To amt. rec'd from Rev. P. C. Henkel's charge. . . 15 37 

To amt. rec'd from Rev. C. H. Bernheim's charge. 1 62 

To amt. rec'd from Rev. J. S. Koiner's charge . . 1 98 

To amt. rec'd from Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge . . 2 75 

To amt. rec'd from Rev. A. L. Crouse's charge . . 8 00 

Sept. 21. To amt. rec'd from Rev. J. K. Efird's charge ... 12 85 



1887. 




Dec. 


1. 


Dec. 


7- 


Nov. 


21. 


1888. 




Jan. 


2. 


Feb. 


11. 


i ( 


11. 


i i 


11. 


< i 


27. 


March 


S. 



Total amt. rec'd $100 52 

DISBURSEMENTS. 
18S7. 

Dec. 15. By amt. paid Wm. Coffman $ 32 40 

1888. 

Jan. 2. By amt. paid Rev. J. P. Stirewalt 18 05 

Jan. 2. By amt. paid Rev. S. Henkel 7 50 

Feb. 11. By amt. paid Rev. J. S. Koiner iS 97 

Feb. 27. By amt. paid Rev. J. F. Moser 2 75 

March 8. By amt. paid Rev. A. L. Crouse 8 00 

Sept. 21. By amt. paid Rev. J. K. Ffird 12 85 

Total amt. paid out ' $100 52 

J. N. STIREWALT, 
Treas. F. L. Tenn. Synod. 



REPORT OF THE TREASURER OF THEOLOGICAL FUND. 

Treasurer of Theological Fund, 

In connection with 

Concordia College, Conover, N. C. 
Nov. 28, 1888. 

1886. 

June 24. To cash of Rev. M. L. Fox's charge I 5 42 

Nov. 7- " " " " " 1 45 

Dec. 11. To cash of Sharon Congregation — Iredell Co 5 54 

Dec. 11. To cash of St. Martin's congregation — Iredell Co. . . 8 44 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

18S7. 

Aug. 22. To cash of Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge $ 50 

Aug. 31. To cash of Rev. A. L. Crouse's charge 10 00 

Aug. 31. To cash of Rev. M. L. Fox's charge . . . -. 2 15 

Aug. 31. To cash of Rev. P. C. Wike's charge 3 17 

Sept. 19. To cash of P. F. Smith, former Treasurer 31 40 

Nov. 14. To cash of Rev. D. A. Goodman's charge 1 30 

Nov. 14. To cash of Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge 1 50 

18S8. 

Feb. 14. To cash of Rev. J. S. Koiuer — Lutheran Chapel, Glen 

Alpine 5 07 

June 8. To cash of Rev. A. L. Crouse — Bethlehem charge. . . 4 93 
Oct. 31. To cash of St. Martin's— Iredell Co., N. C. ...... . 2 00 



^82 87 
1886. 

Dec. 16. By cash paid Rev. J. S. Koiner $25 00 

1S87. 

Sept. 17. By cash paid Rev. J. S. Koiner 10 00 

Dec. 20. " " " " " 20 00 

1888. 

May 26. By cash paid Rev. J. S. Koiner 15 00 

$70 00 

Balance in Treasurer's hands $12 87 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. HUNSUCKER, Treasurer. 



A committee, consisting of Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, Rev. 
R. A. Yoder, and Mr. Eli Fry, was appointed to examine and 
report upon the matter of expenses of the delegates to the 
meeting of the United Synod. 

The standing resolution on page 37 of the Minutes of 
the last Convention, providing for reports to Synod of the 
mission work of the Conferences, was repealed, and that on 
page 25 ordered to take its place. 

Synod adjourned to meet Monday morning, 9:30 A. M., 
and was closed with the use of the L,ord's Prayer and Bene- 
diction by the President. 



l6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



THIRD SESSION. 



Monday, 9.30 A. M. 

Synod convened and was opened with divine service, 
conducted by Rev. J. A. Rudisill. Trie roll was called and 
minutes read and approved. 

On motion, the consideration of Church Institutions and 
Education was made the first order of business for Tuesday, 
and Missions the second. 

Rev. J. M. Smith was elected Treasurer of the Benefi- 
ciary Fund and Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Assistant Treasurer. 

The application of Mr. Jas. T. Miller, as a candidate for 
the ministry, was referred to the members of the Examining 
Committee in North Carolina. 

Rev. W. A. Julian of the S. C. Synod was enrolled as 
a visitor. 

Rev. P. C. Wike read the report of the Committee on 
Letters and Petitions, which was received and considered 
by items. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

No. 1 is a letter from Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, in which he asks 
Synod to excuse him for absence from this meeting. He assigns as 
his reason for absence, the following: "As Executive Committee of 
Missions in our Conference, I find it will take a good deal of my time 
from my charge, and all the time that I can spare I want to spend in 
our mission field." We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 2 is a letter from Rev. T. Moser, asking Synod to excuse him 
for not attending this convention. Ill health is the reason given. We 
recommend that he be excused. 

No. 3 is a letter from Rev. Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D., in which he 
requests Synod to excuse his absence from this meeting. He assigns 
as his reason, sickness in his family. We recommend that he be ex- 
cused. 

No. 7 is a petition from St. Martin and Lutheran Union churches, 
in Cabarrus Co., N. C, and St. Martin's, Stanley Co., N. C, asking for 
the examination and ordination of Mr. J. P. Price, whom they have 
called to serve thern. We recommend that the proper steps be taken 
at this meeting to grant their request. 



MINUTES. OF EVANGEEICAE LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 1 7 

No. 8 is a petition from Morning Star church, Mecklenburg Co., 
N. C, and Immanuel church, and Monroe Mission, Union Co., N. C, 
praying for the examination and ordination of Prof. J. F. Moser, whom 
they have called to the office of pastor. We recommend, inasmuch as 
the candidate is absent, on account of ill health, that the regulation of 
this Synod, requiring candidates for examination to be present at the 
convention of Synod, be suspended in this case, and that the members 
of the Standing Committee on Examination in North Carolina, be in- 
structed to examine and ordain Prof. J. F. Moser as soon as it shall be 
necessary. 

No. 9 is a petition from St. Timothy E. L. congregation, Catawba 
Co., N. C, asking to be received into this Synod. We recommend 
that said congregation be admitted, and its name placed upon the con- 
gregational roll. 

No. io is a petition from Morning Star E. E- congregation, Shen- 
andoah Co., Va., praying this Synod to receive it into her connection. 
We recommend its reception, and that its name be placed upon the 
roll of congregations. 

No. ii is a letter from Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck, asking to be ex- 
cused for non-attendance at this meeting. Reason given, want of 
means. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 12 is a letter from Rev. I. Conder, requesting this body to ex- 
cuse his absence from this convention. Reason assigned, want of 
means. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 13 is a petition from St. James, Catawba Co., N. C, asking 
this body to hold her next convention in said church. 

Respectfully submitted, P. C. WIKE, 

J. A. CROMER, 
J. S. EIPE. 

Items 1, 2, 3. The recommendation of the committee 
was sustained. Items 4, 5, and 6 were stricken out. 

Rev. W. A. Lutz, delegate from the N. C. Synod, was 
announced as present. A motion was made to receive him, 
and pending its consideration Synod adjourned till the after- 
noon session. 



IS MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



FOURTH SESSION. 



Monday, 1.30 P. M. 
Synod met, the roll was called, and the minutes read 
and approved. Rev. J. A. Sligh of the S. C. Synod was 
announced as present. 

Synod resumed the consideration of the reception of the 
delegate of the N. C. Synod. On motion, it was postponed 
till some subsequent session of this convention. 
The following was passed : 
Whereas, At its recent convention, the E. L. North Carolina 
Synod took certain action in regard to the course pursued by the E. 
L. Tennessee Sy nod relative to the application of Rev. B. S. Brown for 
admittance ; and 

Whereas, That action may, in the future, be construed as a re- 
flection on the E. L. Tennessee Synod, be it therefore 

Resolved 1. That the Tennessee Synod pursue the same course in 
reference to the said B. S. Brown, as it has relative to other similar 
applicants, for more than three score years ; 

2. That this Synod can see no good reason for deviating from that 
policy, convinced that it is right and proper. 

The consideration of the Report of the Committee on 
Letters and Petitions was resumed. 

Resolved, That Synod hold its nest convention with Holly Grove 
congregation, Ilex, Davidson county, N. C. 

Item 7. The recommendation of the committee was 
sustained. 

Item 8. The recommendation of the committee was 
sustained. 

Item 9. The recommendation of the committee was 
sustained. 

Item 10. The recommendation of the committee was 
sustained. 

Item 11. The recommendation of the committee was 
not sustained. 

Item 12. The recommendation of the committee was 
sustained. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 1 9 

The report was adopted as a whole. 
Rev. J. A. Rudisill read the Report of the Committee on 
Treasurers' Reports, which was received and adopted. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON TREASURERS' REPORTS. 

We, the committee appointed to examine the reports of the Treas- 
urers of the Synod, .find all credits correct and approved by vouchers 
and statements. Respectfully submitted, 

J. A. RUDISILL, 
E. A. SMITH, 
J. K. EFIRD. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., read the Report of the Dele- 
gates to the United Synod, which was received, and a com- 
mittee, consisting of Revs. C. H. Bernheim, R. A. Yoder, 
and W. P. Cline, was appointed on the Minutes of the United 
Synod. 

REPORT OF DELEGATES TO UNITED SYNOD. 

Of the eighteen delegates appointed by the E. L. Tennessee Synod, 
1887, to represent it in the meeting of the United Synod of the E. L. 
Church in the South, which convened in Savannah, Ga., November 
24-29, 18S7, the following were present : Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., A. 
L. Crouse, Prof. J. C. Moser, J. K. Ehrd, J. P. Stirewalt, Prof. J. S. 
Koiner, E. L. Lybrand ; — Lay, Wm. Coffman, Isaiah Bowman, Prof. 
J. F. Moser, Dr. J. W. Eargle, Maj. H. A. Meetze. 

As the proceedings of the United Synod have been published, and 
as, no doubt. Synod will appoint a committee to report on those pro- 
ceedings, it is deemed unnecessary to present a detailed account of 
them in this report. 

Suffice it to say, that much important business was transacted in 
a proper, harmonious manner. A draft of by-laws, rules of order, and 
regulations was submitted and ordered to be spread on the minutes, to 
be considered at the next meeting of the United Synod, which is to 
convene in Wilmington, North Carolina, Thursday before the third 
Sunday in November, 1S89. 

The third regulation in regard to the work of the United Synod, is 
a matter of vital importance to the Church, especially at this age, in 
which the general tendency is to a higher and more churchly plain in 
doctrine and practice, and it may require proper advice and instruction 
on the part of our Synod, at its next meeting, which should convene 
at a suitable time before the next meeting of the United Synod. There 



20 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

is a principle of the highest interest to the Church, involved in that 
regulation. Theory without consistent practice, can avail little. 
Respectfully submitted, 

SOCRATES HENKEL, 
J. P. STIREWAI/T, 
J. S. KOINER, 
E. h. LYBRAND, 
J. K. EFIRD, 
J. C. MOSER, 
A. L. CROUSE. 

Rev. Prof. A. G. Voigt, delegate from the S. C. Synod, 
made some highly appreciated remarks, and was properly 
replied to by the President. 

Synod adjourned till Tuesday, 9.30 A. M. Prayer with 
Rev. J. M. Smith. 



FIFTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, 9.30 A. M. 

Synod met, and was opened with divine service, con- 
ducted by Rev. J. N. Stirewalt. The roll was called, and 
the minutes read and approved. 

Rev. K. L. Lybrand read the Report of the Committee 
on Church Institutions, which was received, amended, and 
adopted. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CHURCH INSTITUTIONS. 

Your committee beg leave to say, from the information furnished 
us, we find Concordia College is in a flourishing condition. The pa- 
tronage has increased from time to time, and the present term has a 
larger enrollment than any previous opening. We are glad to note 
the prosperity of our College, which is exerting such a healthful influ- 
ence in our Church. Concordia's usefulness is already seen and felt, 
both in a literary and moral sense, and it only requires the Synod to 
give such aid and co-operation as the board thinks needful, to make 
Concordia rank among our very best institutions. 

We find, however, from the report of President of Board, President 
of College, as well as Report of Visiting Committee, and which reports 
are hereby submitted, and recommended to be read, that an additional 
building is necessary to accommodate the Literary Societies. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 2l 

In view of this matter, your committee would recommend, that the 
Board take such steps as in its wisdom it thinks necessary to supply 
this want, and, if aid from Synod is needed, let the Board ask the Synod 
for the needed help. 

We also recommend that our pastors and congregations comply 
with resolution of Synod by sending contributions to our Theological 
fund. 

We also ask Synod to sustain the recommendation of President of 
Board, concerning resignation of former President, election of the pres- 
ent President, and other professors elected. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. M. SMITH, 
B. L. LYBRAND, 
J. N. STIREWALT. 

REPORT OF PRESIDENT OF BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF 
CONCORDIA COLLEGE. 

To the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod: 

Dear Brethren : — Since the last convention of Synod, there have 
been some changes in the Board and Faculty of our School. Rev. 
Prof. J. C. Moser, having tendered his resignation in the Faculty, and 
having urged its acceptance on account of failing health and over work, 
it was reluctantly accepted. This vacancy has been filled by calling 
Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, who was formerly connected with it as a mem- 
ber of the Faculty, for about six years ; he accepted the call, and is 
now at work. In the name of the Board, I ask Synod to ratify this 
action of the Board. 

The Board also called Mrs. Prof. R. A. Yoder as music teacher, 
and to take charge, as matron, of young ladies who may attend our 
School. She is now in the discharge of these duties. During the year, 
about eighteen young ladies were under her care. We ask Synod to 
ratify this action of the Board. 

Rev. Prof. D. A. Sox has been called to the position of Principal 
of Preparatory Department. He has accepted, and has been engaged 
in the work. We ask that this action of the Board be also ratified. 

Prof. Yoder tendered his resignation as a member of the Board 
when he entered upon his duties as President, which was accepted. — 
The Board elected Rev. J. A. Rudisill to fill this vacancy. 

The Board purchased a new upright piano for the use of the music 
department. The college grounds are being enclosed by a neat fence, 
and further improvements of the grounds will soon be made. 

Additional buildings are necessary for society halls, &c'. For these 
improvements money is needed, and also for an endowment. May the 



22 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

way soon be made clear for the Board to proceed to raise an endow- 
ment. Most respectfully submitted, 

P. C. HENKEL, 
President of Board of Trustees. 

REPORT OF PRESIDENT OF CONCORDIA COLLEGE. 

Dear Brethren : — It affords me pleasure to be able to state that 
the condition of our College is very favorable. The enrollment for the 
term just closed is larger than for any previous term in the history of 
the School — the enrollment being 120 pupils. The work among the 
students upon the whole has been very satisfactory. There has been 
a marked improvement in attendance and punctuality among the stu- 
dents. At the suggestion of the President, the Board has added a 
course of study for young ladies, and young ladies completing the 
course will receive the title of Mistress of the Liberal Arts. The classes 
in the College proper are larger than heretofore, there being now six 
young men and one young lady in the senior class. 

Praying that our School may continue to increase in number of 
students, and in usefulness, under the fostering care of our Synod, for 
the development of Christian character, for filling up of the ranks of 
an educated ministry, and for the upbuilding of our dear Lutheran 
Church, I am, 

Respectfully, 

R. A. YODER, 
President Concordia College. 

REPORT OF VISITING COMMITTEE. 

We, the committee appointed at the last convention of the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, to visit Concordia College, Conover, 
N. C, and report its condition to this meeting of Synod, beg leave to 
submit the following, viz. : 

That we have visited the School, and are happy to report that it 
is in a prosperous condition, having a continued increasing patronage. 

The professors and teachers were diligent and faithful in their 
work of imparting religious as well as literary instruction, with a 
marked degree of success. We also find the pupils under good disci- 
plinary regulations, with due respect and regard to their instructors ; 
but we find difficulties arising out of a want of suitable halls for the 
literary societies. We therefore direct the attention of Synod to the 
necessity of devising some plan by which sufficient funds may be se- 
cured to meet this important demand. 
Respectfully submitted, 

T. MOSER, 

J. A. RUDISILL. 



MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 23 

Synod resumed the consideration of the reception of the 
North Carolina Synod's delegate, and the following action 
was taken : 

Rev. W. A. Lutz having appeared as corresponding delegate of the 
E. L. North Carolina Synod, and presented his credentials as such, 
was received ; but it is to be regretted, that, in view of the following 
action taken by the North Carolina Synod at its late meeting, relative 
to the course pursued by our Synod in regard to the application of Rev. 
B. S. Brown, it would be incompatible for this Synod to continue such 
courtesy or correspondence in the future, without some modification 
or satisfactory explanation of the intention of that action, which, other, 
wise, is calculated to reflect on our Synod. 

Resolved, That we have heard with pleasure the very excellent 
and able address of Rev. B. S. Brown, regarding his non-reception into 
our sister Synod, the Tennessee Synod, and that we rejoice to find that 
he stood so firmly on the confessions of the church and refused to go 
beyond them in accepting opinions or practices that are nowhere re- 
quired or distinctly stated in the symbols of our church. 

PROTEST. 

Whereas, The Tennessee Synod in the above resolution received 
the Corresponding Delegate of the North Carolina Synod under the 
full light of the knowledge of the action taken by the said N. C. Synod 
in the Rev. B. S. Brown case, in which the N. C. Synod charges the 
Tennessee Synod with holding ' ' opinions and practices that are 
nowhere required or distinctly stated in the Symbols of our Church ;" 
therefore, my vote is recorded against this injustice. 

P. C. WIRE. 

The President announced to Rev. Lutz his acceptance, 
and he then earnestly and appropriately addressed the S3~nod, 
and was replied to by the President. 

Rev. J. S. Koiner read the Report of the Committee on 
Missions, which was received and adopted. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON MISSIONS. 

Your Committee on Missions would respectfully submit tbe fol- 
lowing report : 

The only paper placed in our hands relating to the mission work 
of the Synod, is the report of our Board of Missions, concerning our 
work in Alabama. We recommend that this report be carefully con- 
sidered. We think our Synod could engage in a good work by estab- 



24 MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

lishing and maintaining a mission at Asheville, N. C. The place is 
one of importance, whilst our conference in North Carolina seems not 
to be prepared to undertake the work at present. We regret that no 
information has been official^ reported to Synod concerning the 
mission work of the conferences, except that from the Virginia Con- 
ference. 

J. S. KOINER, 
R. A. YODER, 
R. H. CLINE, 
Committee on Missions. 

The following was adopted : 

Whereas, The Synod desires to maintain a missionary in Ala- 
bama at an approximate expense of $300, our pastors are hereby re- 
quested to report to the chairman of the Board of Missions, Rev. A. L. 
Crouse, the amounts which they will pledge themselves and their 
congregations for this work, and the Secretary of this body be instruct- 
ed to call special attention to this resolution through Our Church 
Paper and otherwise. 

Synod adjourned for divine service. 



SIXTH SESSION. 

Tuesday, 2 P. M. 

Synod met, and the roll was called. 

A letter from Rev. L,. K. Probst, Secretary of the Board 
of Missions of the United Synod, was read, in which atten- 
tion was called to the apportionment of this Synod, due the 
United Synod, of $800 for Home Missions and $400 for For- 
eign Missions, as approximated by the Board ; and to Ashe- 
ville, N. C, as a mission. 

On motion, this point was referred to the N. C. Confer- 
ence, with the request that it provide for that place. 

Rev. D. A. Sox read the Report of the Committee on 
Unfinished Business, which was received and considered by 
items. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

We, your Committee on Unfinished Business, submit the following : 

(1) On page 15, we find a certain resolution in regard to taking 
collections for Home and Foreign Missions. Has this resolution been 
complied with ? 

(2) On page 25, we find a resolution requiring the Chairman of 
the Executive Committees of Missions in our Conferences to furnish 
an annual, written report of the missionary work of their bodies during 
the year. Has this been done ? 

(3) On same page, we find that Revs. J. S. Koiner, Dr. S. Henkel, 
and Prof. L. A. Bikle, were made a committee to report a full line of 
text-books for use in our Sunday-schools. Have they done this ? 

(4) On page 25, we find that a committee, consisting of Revs. T. 
Moser and J. A. Rudisill, was appointed to visit Concordia College and 
report its condition to this meeting of Synod. Has the duty been per- 
formed ? 

(5) On page 26, we find that Revs. J. S. Koiner, A. L- Crouse, and 
M. L. Little were appointed to prepare a paper setting forth the im- 
portance of church discipline and form for its administration. Is this 
committee ready to report ? 

(6) On same page, we find that Henkel & Co. were recommended 
to publish another edition of Luther's Small Catechism. Have they 
done this ? 

(7) On page 28, we notice that Revs. J. S. Koiner and J. P. Stire- 
walt were made the Missionary Board of Synod, to secure the services 
of a pastor for the Alabama Mission. Have they been successful? 

(8) On page 29, we find that it was made the duty of Rev. A. L. 
Crouse, to ascertain the amount due the United Synod by the Tennes- 
see Synod, report to the President of this Synod, and that the President 
issue an order on the Treasurer for the amount. Has this been attend- 
ed to ? Respectfully submitted, 

W. P. CLINE, 
D. A. SOX, 
J. J. GEORGE. 

Item 1. Partially complied with. 

Item 2. Complied with by the Virginia Conference only. 

Item 3. With reference to this item the following was 
adopted : 



26 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON SUNDAY-SCHOOL 
TEXT-BOOKS. 

Your Committee on Text-books for use in our Sunday-schools, 
would report the following : 

i. The Bible, or portions of it, and Luther's Small Catechism. 

2. As helps to learning the contents of Bible and Catechism, Little 
Children's Catechism, My First Book, The Child's Book, Stories from 
Bible History ; and for Song, The Little Children's Book. 

3. For more advanced scholars, also, Biblical History in the Words 
of Holy Scripture, Outlines of Church History ; and for Song, The 
Sunday-school Book. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. S. KOINER, 
S. HENKEL. 

Item 4. Complied with. 

Item 5. The work had been partly done, and the com- 
mittee was continued. 

Item 6. The publishers have complied, and the Synod 
voted its thanks for their excellent work. 

Item 7. Complied with. 

Item 8. Complied with. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

Rev. C. H. Bernheim read the Report of the Committee 
on the Endowment of Concordia College, which was re- 
ceived and adopted. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON ENDOWMENT OF 
CONCORDIA COLLEGE. 

We, the committee appointed bj^ the Board of Trustees of Con- 
cordia College, at the request of Synod, to devise some plan for the . 
endowment of our College, beg leave to submit the following : 

Whereas, No school can continue long as a college without some 
endowment ; and 

Whereas, We have now in successful operation a good school 
under the auspices of our Synod, centrally located ; and 

Whereas, Said School is a necessity for the welfare and perpe- 
tuity of our Synod, therefore be it 

Resolved, That w 7 e make earnest efforts to endow our College. 

Your committee would recommend the following plan of endow- 
ment : » 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 



I. That we authorize the Board of Trustees to secure the services 
of an active financial agent, who shall travel in the interests of Con- 
cordia College and solicit donations in cash, and where this is not 
available, to solicit bonds or notes, so drawn that the interest and one- 
tenth of the whole principal shall be due and payable annually. 

C. H." BERNHEIM, 
R. A. YODER. 

Rev. C. H. Bernheim read the Report of the Committee 
on the Minutes of the United Synod, which was received 
and adopted. 

RESOLUTIONS SETTING FORTH THE RELATION OF 
THE TENNESSEE SYNOD TO THE UNITED SYNOD. 

Whereas, The relations of the different synods, composing the 
United Synod of the South, to each other, and to the United Synod, as 
defined in the Basis of Union and Constitution of the United Synod, 
are differently interpreted ; and 

Whereas, There is some difference of opinion as to what rights, 
privileges, and courtesies should be accorded to each individual synod 
by the other synods ; and 

Whereas, The principles involved in said Art. III. are held by 
the Tennessee Synod ; and 

Whereas, Said Art. III. has not been adopted by the United 
Synod, but action upon it postponed to its next meeting ; therefore 
be it 

Resolved, That we, the ministers and delegates of the E. L. Ten- 
nessee Synod, do emphatically reiterate the principles set forth at 
Dallas, N. C, in 1886, as our position, viz. : "That in adopting it (The 
Report of the Delegates to the Diet at Roanoke, Va.), as the E. L. 
Tennessee Synod rejects all ecclesiastical union and co-operation which 
is not based on the pure Lutheran teaching and faith ; as, the Exchange 
of Pulpits, Promiscuous Communion or Altar Fellowship, Secret Socie- 
ty Worship, and Chiliasm, we, the ministers and lay-delegates, in 
Synod assembled, do hereby recommend or advise the committee, or 
chairman of the committee, appointed by the United Synod of the E. 
L. Church in the South, to prepare By-laws for its government, in 
drafting such By-laws, so to formulate them as to require every teacher 
or professor who may be appointed as a teacher or professor in any 
theological seminary that she may establish or put into operation, to 
take an obligation not to teach, practice, or inculcate anything that 
comes in conflict with these principles, or the doctrines of the Church. 



2S MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

' ' That we trust the said United Synod will feel the importance of 
acquiescing in this precautionary request, with a view to the good of 
the church ; especially as this is desired only in work for which each 
Synod will be held responsible in its united efforts, and which it should 
be able to defend and maintain according to the pure doctrines and 
practices of the E. L. Church, as over against sectarian innovations 
and corruptions, leaving each Synod in connection with the United 
Synod in its individual synodical transactions, so to shape its course 
as ultimately to attain that higher plain in doctrine and practice so 
characteristic of the true Church." 

Resolved, That until such position is taken by the United Synod, 
by adopting the principles contained in Art. III. of proposed By-laws, 
the Tennessee Synod cannot co-operate with the United Synod in her 
work. C. H. BERNHEIM, 

R. A. YODER, 
W. P. CLINE. 

Revs. C. H. B-ernheim and R. H. Cline were excused 
from further attendance at this meeting. 

Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoderread the Report of the Commit- 
tee on Examination, which was received and adopted. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXAMINATION. 

We, your Committee on Examination, beg leave to report that we 
have examined Brother J. P. Price, and find that his theological quali- 
fications are sufficient to enable him to assume the duties of the office 
of pastor. We therefore recommend that Brother J. P. Price be or- 
dained at some suitable time during this convention of Synod, and that 
this service be performed by the officers of Synod. 

We further report, that we have had an interview with Brother J. 
J. George, and find that his qualifications in a literary point of view, 
and his motives for desiring to prepare himself for the office of pastor, 
have been satisfactory to your committee, and we therefore recommend 
that he be received as a beneficiary student under the care of Synod, 
and that an appropriation of $50.00 be made for his benefit for the 
present synodical year. 

Respectfully submitted, 

A. L. CROUSE, 
R. A. YODER, 
E. L, LYBRAND. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., read the Report of the Commit- 
tee on President's Report, which was received and considered 
by items. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 29 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

We, your committee, have examined that paper, and find several 
matters which demand attention : 

1. He calls attention to the deaths of Rev. J. P. Smeltzer, D. D., 
and Rev. M. L. Fox, M. D. 

In regard to this, we recommend that a committee of two be ap- 
pointed to prepare suitable resolutions relative to these sad events, for 
publication in the minutes of this Synod, and report as soon as possible. 

2. He recommends that a committee be appointed to bring the 
matter of the revision of our parochial report before Synod. 

We approve of this recommendation, and trust such committee 
will be appointed. The letter of Rev. I. Conder, suggesting amend- 
ments to our parochial reports, accompanies this report. 

3. He recommends that our theological course for private students 
be placed in the hands of a committee, with instructions to prepare and 
present to Synod a revision of the same. 

We suggest that such committee be appointed. 

4. He recommends that the Synod request each of the conferences 
to transmit, through its president, a written report of its missionary 
work, and whatever other things require the attention of Synod, to the 
President of Synod, at least four weeks before its annual meetings. 

We trust this recommendation will be sustained. 
Respectfully submitted, 

S. HENKEL, 

C. H. BERNHEIM, 

J. L. YOUNT. 

Item 1. The recommendation was sustained, and Revs. 
R. A. Yoder and E. L,. I^ybrand were appointed. 

Item 2 was adopted, and Revs. J. M. Smith and J. A. 
Rudisill appointed. 

Item 3 was adopted, and Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner and 
Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder were appointed. 

Item 4 was adopted. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

Messrs. Jacob S. L,ipe and C. B. Sikes were excused 
from further attendance. 

Rev. Prof. W. P. Cline read the Report of the Commit- 
tee on the State of the Church, which was . received and 
adopted. 



2,0 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

We, your Committee on the State of the Church, make the fol- 
lowing report : 

By inquiry among our brethren, coming from various parts of our 
territory, we are glad to report considerable progress from every sec- 
tion in which our people have received regular preaching of the Word. 

In Virginia, brotherly love and unity of spirit prevail among the 
brethren. Each seems to be a faithful steward in the Lord's household. 
Although some of the charges are too large to do thorough work, yet 
we are glad to report progress in the different congregations in Chris- 
tian liberality, churchliuess, and Sunday-school work. 

In North Carolina, all our congregations that are regularly served 
are in a prosperous condition. But there is much need of more pas- 
tors, as many pastorates are too large and some vacant. Sunday-school 
work has received considerable attention by many of our brethren 
during the past year, and has made progress. There prevails a una- 
nimity of spirit among our pastors, and an increased liberality and 
chiirchliness among the laymen. 

In South Carolina, all the congregations are supplied, but some 
not permanently, hence a need of more pastors. Much progress has 
been made in the congregations. The brethren have manifested in- 
creased liberality toward the support of the ministry, and in the im- 
provement of houses of worship. Much and commendable progress 
has been made in the work of missions in some of the congregations- 
In Sunday-school work, we rejoice to report increased interest, espe- 
cially in the training of the children in a spirit of Christian giving. 

We regret we have no information to report from our brethren in 
Alabama, only that this field still lies vacant, and, unless soon supplied, 
will be lost to our beloved Lutheran Church. 

From all points of our territory we are glad to report much interest 
in education. Many of our families are endeavoring to give their sons 
and daughters the advantage of the refinement and culture acquired by 
a liberal education, and we hail with pleasure the day when our people, 
through the blessing of God, shall reach a high standard of refinement, 
Christian life, and practice. 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. P. CLINE, 
J. A. CROMER, 
S. HENKEL. 

Resolved, That the Treasurer pay the Secretary ($5) for his work. 

Synod adjourned to Wednesday, 9.30 A. M. Prayer 
with Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner. 



MINUTES OF EVANGFXICAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 31 

SEVENTH SESSION. 



Wednesday, 9.30 A. M. 

Synod met, and was opened with divine service, led by 
Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner. The roll was called, and the min- 
utes read and approved. 

Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder read the Report of the Commit, 
tee on Resolutions upon the death of Rev. J. P. Smeltzer, 
D. D., and Rev. M. I,. Fox, which was received and adopted 
by a rising vote. 



IN MEMORIAM. 

Whereas, In the providence of God, Revs. M. L,. Fox and J. P. 
Smeltzer, D. D., have been called from their labors in the Church 
militant to their rest in the Church triumphant, 

Resolved 1. That while the Tennessee Synod has lost able and 
efficient ministers of the Gospel, the families dear friends and kind 
husbands, and the States and communities honored citizens, we bow 
in humble submission to the will of Him who doeth all things well. 

Resolved 2. That we spread these resolutions upon the face of our 
minutes as an humble tribute of respect to their memory, as an appre- 
ciation of their worth and merits, and as a token of esteem in which 
they were held. 

Resolved 3. That a page, containing the name, the date of the 
death, and the age, be devoted to the memory of each of the deceased 
brethren. 

R. A. YODER, 
E. L. LYBRAND. 



32 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



REV. J. P. SMELTZER, D. D. 



Rev. J. P. Smeltzer, D. D., was born in Frederick county, Maryland, 
in early manhood he was ordained to the pastoral office, and died at his 
son's residence in Charleston, South Carolina, October 31, 1887 ; aged 
68 years, 1 month, and 21 days. 



REV. MICHAEL L. FOX, M. D. 



Rev. Michael L,. Fox, M. D., son of Christian and Charity Fox, 
was born in Randolph county, North Carolina, ordained to the pastoral 
office, 1871, and died at his residence in said county, July 22, 1888 ; aged 
63 years, 6 months, and 10 days. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 33 

The following was adopted : 

Rev. S. Henkel having stated to Synod that there is a probability 
that another edition of the New Market, Va., edition of the Christian 
Book of Concord, or Symbolical Books, will be published in the near 
future, if the enterprise meet with proper encouragement, be it 

Resolved, That Synod hail with pleasure that announcement, and 
shall give it proper encouragement. 

The following was adopted : 

Moved, That we have heard the statement of Dr. S. Henkel 
with reference to the publication of his history of the Tennessee Synod, 
and that we make earnest efforts to introduce the _ work among our 
people. 

The following was adopted : 

Moved, That the Committee on Settlement of Expenses of Dele- 
gates to the United Synod, 1887, is continued, with directions to make 
settlement with each of the delegates who attended that meeting of the 
United Synod, and report to Synod at its next convention. / 

Parochial reports were read and presented. 

Appropriations to our Beneficiaries were made, as fol- 
lows : A. I,. Bolick, $75 ; J acob Wike, $75 ; W. I,. Darr, 
$75) provided he needs it. 

The time for the next meeting of Synod was fixed at 

10 A. M., Friday before the second Sunday in Nov., 1889. 

* Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., J. N. Stirewalt, and P. C. 

Wike were excused from further attendance at this meeting. 

Mr. Harward was also excused. 

Synod adjourned to meet after divine service. During 
the recess, Rev. J. M. Smith preached an ordination sermon 
from Matt. 28, 19, 20, after which Beneficiary J. P. Price 
was solemnly ordained to the office of the ministry by the 
President and Secretary of Synod. 



EIGHTH SESSION. 



Wednesday, 2 P. M. 
Synod met, the roll was called, and the minutes read 
and approved. 



34 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. E. Iv. L,ybrand, with Rev. J. K. Kfird alternate, 
was elected delegate to the S. C. Synod. 

Rev. Prof. W. P. Cline, with Rev. Prof. R. H. Cline 
alternate, was elected delegate to the N. C. Synod. 

Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, with Rev. P. C. Wike alternate, 
was elected delegate to the Virginia Synod. 

The absence of pastors was considered. Revs. P. C. 
Henkel, D. D., J. R. Peterson, H. Wetzel, M. L,. Little, and 
D. C. Huffman were excused. E.evs. L,. A. Bikle, D. D., 
D. A. Goodman, and D. J. Settlemyre were not excused. 

Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner was requested to continue to 
give instruction in theology in Concordia College, in accord- 
ance with previous instructions. 

The Secretary was instructed to have enough minutes 
printed to supply the demand. 

The following delegates were elected to the next meet- 
ing of the United Synod : 

DELEGATES TO UNITED SYNOD. 

principals. Virginia. ALTERNATES. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D Rev. I. Conder, 

" A. L. Crouse " J. N. Stirewalt, 

" J. P. Stirewalt " P. C. Wike. 

LAL-DELEGATES. ALTERNATES. 

Mr. A. L. Henkel Mr. Wm. Coffman, 

" Isaiah Printz " A. Dodson, 

" Philip Killian " D. I. Offhian. 

PRINCIPALS. North Carolina. ALTERNATES. 

Rev. J. C. Moser Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D., 

" Prof. J. S. Koiner " M. L. Little, 

" j. M. Smith " C. H. Bernheirn, 

" W. P. Cline " R. A. Yoder, 

" J. A. Rudisill " D. J. Settlemyre. 

LAY-DELEGATES. ALTERNATES. 

Mr. A. M. Huit Mr. D. M. Wyant, 

" Luther Mosteller " Wm. Yoder, 

" J. L. Yount " G. M. Yoder, 

" A. C. Lineberger " H. F. McCaslin, 

" J. S. Lipe " D. A. Coon. 



MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 35 

PRINCIPALS. South Carolina. ALTERNATES. 

Rev. J. K. Efird Rev. D. Efird 

" E. L. Lybrand " J. A. Cromer. 

LAY-DELEGATES. ALTERNATES. 

Maj. H. A. Meetze Mr. W. Henry Hare, 

Mr. C. M. Efird " D. C. Boland. 

On motion, it is the rule that the President of this 
Synod shall be a delegate to the United Synod, and shall 
be the chairman of its delegation. 

The following was passed : 

THANKS. 

Resolved, That we hereby extend a vote of thanks to the members 
and friends of this congregation, for the kind treatment we have re- 
ceived from them while in their midst. Also we extend our sincere 
thanks to the Richmond & Danville R. R., for the reduced rates given 
to our ministers and laymen who attended this convention of Synod. 

Resolved, That the President and Secretary of this Synod be here- 
after the Standing Board of Missions. 

The minutes were read and approved. 
Synod adjourned to meet at the time and place chosen, 
and was closed with divine service, led by the President. 

A. L,. CROUSB, Secretary. 



Note. — Too late to place his name at the proper place, a letter 
from the members of the Examining Committee in North Carolina was 
received asking that the name of Mr. J. T. Miller be placed upon our 
roll as a candidate for the ministry. 

SECRETARY. 



%S 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



RELIGIOUS SERVICES. 



Opening sermon, Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner, Saturday, n A. M. ; 
Eph. 4, 15. 

In the church, Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Sunday, 10 A. M. ; Acts 
iS, 21. 

In the schoolhouse, Rev. J. A. Rudisill, Sunday, .10 A. M. ; Psalm 
119, 11. 

Confession and Absolution, and the Administration of the Lord's 
vSupper, Sunday, 12 M. 

Sunday, 2 P. M., Sunday-school exercises ; addresses by Revs. J. 
N. Stirewalt, W. P. Cline, and J. M. Smith. 

At Mr. Wessinger's, Rev. E. L. Lybrand, Sunday, 7 P. M. ; Rev. 
2, 10. 

Rev. J. C. Moser, Monday, 11 A. M.; Ps. 103, 3. 

Rev. A. L. Crouse, Monday, 7 P. M., Matt. 25, 1-13. 

Rev. W. P. Cline, Tuesday, 12 M., Ps. 29, 2. 

Rev. J. A. Rudisill, Tuesday, 7 P. M., Isa. 8, 20. 

At Mr. Wessinger's, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, Tuesday, 7 P. M.; Luke 
10, 42. 

Ordination Sermon, Rev. J. M. Smith, Wednesday, 12 M. ; Matt. 

28, 19, 20. 

* 

ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 
i. — Devotional exercises by the President. 
2.— Call of Clerical Roll. 

3. — Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 
4. — Reading of President's Report. 
5. — Election of Officers. 
6. — Reception of Advisory Members. 
7. — Reception of Letters and Petitions. 
8. — Appointment of Standing Committees. 
9. — Devotion. 

OTHER DAYS. 
I. — Devotion. 
2.— Calling of Roll. 

3. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 
4. — Unfinished Business. 
5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 
6. — Report of Special Committees. 
7. — Resolutions. 
8. — New Business. 
9. — Devotion. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 37 

LIST OF CHURCHES IN CONNECTION WITH THE EVAN- 
GELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ALABAMA. 



Cleburne County. — St. Michael. 
Calhoun County. — Zion. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Lexington County.— Zion, St. Peter (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Immanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethle- 
hem, St. Thomas. 

Richland County. — St. Andrew. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Alamance County. — Mt. Pleasant. 

Alexander County. — Friendship, Salem, Shiloh. 

Burke County. — Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 

Caldwell County. — Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Lutz. 

Cabarrus County. — St. Martin, Lutheran Union. 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. 
Paul, St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, Bethel, 
St. Timothy. 

Cleveland County. — St. Matthew. 

Davidson County. — Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem, 
Holly Grove. 

Gaston County. — St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

Iredell County. — -Sharon, St. Martin. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinity, Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon. 

Mecklenburg County. — Morning Star. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthou. 

Rowan County.— Mt. Moriah, St. Mark, Phanuel. 

Stanley County. — St. Martin. 

Union County. — Emmanuel. 

Watauga County. — Valle Crusis, Mt. Pleasant. 

VIRGINIA. 

Augusta County. — Bethlehem, St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. — Bethany (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, 
Trinity, St. Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel. 



38 MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Page County.— St. Paul, St. William (Fairview), Grace, Mt. Cal- 
vary, Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. Mary 
(Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, St. 
Stephen, St. David, Mt. Calvary, Morning Star. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 

Total number, iod>. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved 1. That each of our pastors is required to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, and to take up in each of his con- 
gregations collections for beneficiary education, and to report at each 
regular convention of our Synod. 

Resolved 2. That the Council of each congregation be requested 
to send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written Report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechis- 
ing those who propose to become members of our communion, previous 
to their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, 'and rather 
a loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the Church, with- 
out the slightest examination of them in regard to their religious knowl- 
edge and other qualifications for church membership, has been prac- 
ticed by some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved j. That we earnestly recommend all our ministers and 
congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all 
who make application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, 
by Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous 
to their confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when per- 
sons of age and experience make application, or such young persons as 
have been so favorably situated as to have had opportunities to become 
acquainted with and to have informed themselves of our doctrines and 
customs, seek church privileges, we recommend that their request be 
granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have been examined by 
the pastor, before the council, and have been approved by them. 

Resolved 4. That the ministers of our connection be requested to 
endeavor to get up and encourage Sunday-schools in all their congre- 
gations and report their success to the Committee on the State of the 
Church, some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 5. That the Committee on the State of the Church be re- 
quired to make every reasonable effort, during the Synodical year, to 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 39 

ascertain the condition of all the congregations in our connection, and 
report the same to the annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 6. That it be the duty of the President, with the consent 
of the pastor elect and congregation, to appoint a committee of instal- 
lation, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in our Synod, 
to perform this ceremony. 

Resolved 7. That no minister be excused who does not sufficiently 
respect Synod as to send directly to it the reasons for his absence. 

Resolved 8. That we hereby establish a Synodical Fund, to be 
raised by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which 
all contingent expenses of Synod are to be met. 

Resolved 9. That hereafter the expenses of corresponding delegates 
to sister Synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 

Resolved 10. That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our Min- 
isters to ask their Congregations to defray their expenses in attending 
the meetings of our Synod. 

Resolved 11. That the ministers connected with this Synod, when 
absent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending in 
their reports to Synod. 

Resolved 12. That the Mission Work of this Synod be transferred 
to the several Conferences. 

Resolved 13. That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestly 
and actively in this work under such regulations as may to them seem 
best. 

Resolved 14. That the chairmen of the Executive Committees of 
Missions in our Conferences be, and are hereby, required to report an- 
nually to Synod a full, written report of the Missionary work of their 
bodies during the year. 

Resolved 15. That the reports of the Conferences in regard to 
Mission Work, be referred to the Committee on the State of the Church. 

Resolved 16. That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in 
their power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, 
lecturing, and catechisation, with a view sooner or later of getting men 
of their own color to look after the spiritual interests of their race in 
connection with the Lutheran church. 

Whereas, It is meet and right that the dignity, sacred ness, and 
solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and in 
order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved 17. That Synod recommend, that all applicants for exami- 
nation and ordination, and for whom there are petitions to Synod from 
a congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination and 
ordination, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services on the 
part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some session 



40 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and if found 
qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further 

Resolved iS. That it is the sentiment of this Synod, that this recom- 
mendation should be acquiesced in, in all possible cases, as the order 
of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved ig. That, with a view of establishing proper relations be- 
tween Concordia College, situated at Couover, N. C, and the Evangeli- 
cal Lutheran Tennessee Synod, we, in meeting assembled, agree, i. 
that, whenever a vacancy, or vacancies, occur, either by death, resig- 
nation, or removal, in the Board of Trustees or in the Faculty, the said 
Synod shall have the right as well as the privilege to recommend a suit- 
able person, or persons, to fill such vacancy or vacancies ; 2. that the 
Synod shall have the right to appoint a Board of Visitors, whose duty 
it shall be annually to visit said school, and make such report of the 
condition of the school to each session of the Synod, as be deemed most 
advantageous ; 3. that it shall be the dut3r of the President of the Faculty 
to make a report annually to Synod, relative to moral and literary 
condition of the school, which report shall also be signed by the sec- 
retary of the faculty ; 4. that the President of the Board of Trustees 
shall also make an annual report to Synod, in regard to the financial 
condition of the school, which report shall likewise be signed by the 
secretary of the Board of Trustees ; 5. that this school shall be con- 
tinued and conducted as a church institution, under such rules and 
regulations, as ma} 1 - be instituted by the Board of Trustees, in accord- 
ance with the charter, and the Confessions of the Church as set forth 
in the Christian Book of Concord, each teacher, instructor, or profes- 
sor, taking an obligation not to teach anything in said school that is 
contrary to said Confessions. 

These stipulations or propositions shall be valid and in force, pro- 
vided the said Synod shall acquiesce, and is disposed to lend said insti- 
tution its fostering care and encouragement, as well as its influence 
and moral force ; provided, that if the Synod shall fail, after notice, to 
recommend, in due time, a suitable person or persons to fill such va- 
cancy or vacancies, the proper authorities of said institution shall pro- 
ceed to fill such vacancy or vacancies. 

Resolved 20. That we, as a Synod, accept the propositions made 
to us by the Board of Trustees of Concordia College, and that in con- 
sideration of the rights and privileges therein granted, we will lend to 
said institution our fostering care, influence, and moral support. — See 
Minutes 0/1883, P a g e J 8- 

Resolved 21. That our beneficiaries and students of theology shall 
neither preach nor absent themselves from their recitations without 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 41 

special permission of the faculty of Concordia College, and that we 
advise that they preach not more than once a mouth. 

Resolved 22. That the officers of each church within our bounds 
be requested to see that each member of their p6ngregation and Sunday- 
school pay at least 5 cents per annum into the beneficiary fund. 
— ■ -Resolved 23. That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, 
consulting with the pastor loci, to arrange for the Sunday-school servi- 
ces, to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, by 
appointing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting subjects, 
and informing the speakers of their selection at least two months pre- 
vious to each meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 24. That it is the rule that the President of this Synod 
shall be a delegate to the United Synod, and shall be the chairman of 
its delegation. 

Resolved 25. That the President and Secretary of this Synod be 
hereafter the Standing Board of Missions. 



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PASTORS. 


J. A. Cromer 

E. I/. Lybrand .... 

R. A. Yoder 

J. S. Koiner 

W. P. Cline 

D. A. Goodman . . . 

D. A. Sox 

J. A. Rudisill .... 
D. J. Settlemyre . . . 

R. H. Cline 

P. C. Wike 

Alabama Mission . . 


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INDEX. 

Absentees 34 

Beneficiaries 4 

Book of Concord 33 

Board of Missions 35 

Committee on State of the Church 2 

Committee on Examination 2 

Clerical Roll 3 

Candidates for the Ministry 4 

Committees to Report during this Convention 8 

Disbursements 14 

Death of Ministers 32 

Delegates to other Synods 34 

Delegates to United Synod 34 

Election of Officers 7 

Foreigu Mission Disbursements 13 

Foreign Mission Receipts 13 

Home Mission Receipts 12 

Home Mission Disbursements 13 

History of Tennessee Synod 33 

In Memoriam 31 

Day-Delegates 4 

List of Churches in connection with the Evang. Luth. Tenn. Synod 37 

North Carolina Synod's Delegate 23 

Officers of Synod 2 

Order of Business 36 

Place of next Convention 2 

President's Report 5, 6, 7 

Protest .23 

Parochial Reports . 42, 43 

Report of Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund n 

Report of the Treasurer of Theological Fund 14 

Report of Committee on Tetters and Petitions 16, 17. 

Resolution regarding N. C. Synod's action relative to B. S. Brown's casei8 

Report of Committee on Treasurers' Reports 19 

Report of Delegates to the United Synod 19 

Report of Committee on Church Institutions .20 

Report of President of Board of Trustees of Concordia College . . .21 

Report of President of Concordia College 22 

Report of Visiting Committee 22 

Report of Committee on Missions — . 23 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business 25 

Report of Committee on Sunday-school Text-Books 26 

Report of Committee on Endowment of Concordia College 26 

Resolutions setting forth the Tenn. Synod's relation to United Synod, 27 

Report of Committee on Examination 28 

Report of Committee on President's Report 29 

Report of Committee on State of the Church 30 

Religious Services 36 

Standing Committees 2 

Settlement of Expenses of Delegates to United Synod in 1887. . . . 33 

Standing Resolutions 3S-41 

Time of next Convention 2 

Treasurer's Report Beneficiary Fund 9, 10 

Treasurer's Report 12 

Thanks 35 

United Synod Expenses 14 



MINUTES 



OF THE 



SIXTY-NINTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



OF THE 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



TENNESSEE SYNOD, 



HELD IN 



HOLLY GROVE CHURCH, ILEX, DAVIDSON CO., N. C, 



NOVEMBER 8-12, 1889. 



Henkel & Co., Printers, New Market, Va., 
Office of "Our Church Paper," "Shenandoah Valley," Etc. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President— Rev. A. L. CROUSE Orkney Springs, Va. 

REC. Sec'y— Rev. J. PAUL STIREWAI/T . . . New Market, Va. 
Cor. Sec'y— Rev. Prof. W. P. CLINE .... Ilex, N. C. 
Treasurer— REV. J. N. STIREWALT . .• . . . Stony Man, Va. 
Treas. Bene. Fund— Rev. J. M. SMITH . . . Conover, N. C. 
Asst. Treas. Bene. Fund— S. HENKEL, D. D., New Market, Va. 



MISSION BOARD OF THE SYNOD. 



Rev. A. L. CROUSE and Rev. J. PAUL STIREWALT. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON STA TE OF THE CHURCH. 

Rev. Prof. M. L. LITTLE, Rev. P. C. WIKE, and Rev. 

J. K. EFIRD. 

ON EXAMINATION. 

REV. J. M. SMITH, Rev. I. CONDER, Rev. J. C. MOSER, 

Rev. J. N. STIREWALT, Rev. D. EFIRD, and 

Rev. E. L. LYBRAND. 



PLACE AND TIME OF NEXT CONVENTION. 



Mt. Calvary Church, Page Co., Va., was selected as the place, 
and Friday, 10 A. M., before the fourth Sunday in October, 1890, as 
the time. 



MINUTES 

OF THE 

SIXTY-NINTH ANNUM, CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANG. LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



FIRST SESSION. 



Holly Grove Church, 

Ilex, Davidson Co., N. C, 
Friday, November 8, 1889. 
The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met in 
her sixty-ninth annual convention with Holly Grove congre- 
gation, Ilex, Davidson Co., N. C, at 10 A. M., November 
8, 1889. The President, Rev. J. C. Moser, preached the 
opening sermon from 1 John 5, 4, last clause. The clerical 
roll was called, and the names of the pastors present were 
recorded. The congregational roll was called and corrected. 
The names of the delegates, upon the presentation of certifi- 
cates of their election, were enrolled. On motion, the name 
of Rev. J. F. Moser was also enrolled. 

MINISTERIAL ROLL. 

PASTORS. POSTOFFICES. 

Rev. J. R* Peterson Dallas, N. C. 

" T. Moser Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

" S. Henkel, D. D.* New Market, Va. 

" H.Wetzel* . Woodstock, Va. 

" C. H. Bernheim Conover, N. C. 

" D. Efird* Lexington, S. C. 

" J. M. Smith Conover, N. C. 

" Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D Dallas, N. C. 

" Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D.* ........... Luray, Va. 

" I. Conder McGaheysville, Va. 



* Absent and excused. 



4 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. J. N. Stirewalt Stony Man, Va. 

" A. L. Grouse Orkney Springs, Va. 

" J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

" Prof. M. L. Little Dallas, N. C. 

" J. C. Moser Hickory, N. C. 

" J. K. Efird Rightwell, S. C. 

" J. A. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

" E. L- Ey brand Summit Point, S. C. 

" Prof. R. A. Yoder Conover, N. C. 

" Prof. J. S. Koiner* Waynesboro, Va. 

" D. A. Sox* Edwardsville, Ala. 

" D. A. Goodman* Happy Home, N. C. 

" J. W. Hausenfluckf Alma, Va. 

" Prof. W. P. Cline Ilex, N. C. 

" D. J. Settlemyre* New Sterling, N. C. 

" J. A. Rudisill Henry, N. C. 

" R. H. Cline China Grove, N. C. 

" P. C. Wike M mrertown, Va. 

" D. C. Huffman* Hickory, N. C. 

" Prof. J. G. Schaid|| Conover, N. C. 

" J. P. Price Concord, N. C. 

" J. F. Moser |i Monroe, N. C. 

" W. L. Darri Chapin, S. C. 

" D. I. OffmanJ . New Market, Va. 

" J. P. Millerj Conover, N. C. 

CANDIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

J. T. Miller Conover, N. C. 

J. T. Craps Lewiedale, S. C. 

G. E. Long Prosperity, S. C. 

A. R. Beck Ilex, N. C. 

W. H. Roof Columbia, S. C, 

A. V. Sherrill 

BENEFICIARIES. 

J. J. George 

Jacob Wike Conover, N. C. 

A. L. Bolick Conover, N. C. 

S. S. Keisler Ops, Kansas. 

D. F. Conrad Ilex, N. C. 

R. L. Fritz Ilex, N. C. 

|| Received at this meeting. £ Ordained at this meeting. 

* Absent and excused. fAbsent and not excused. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

LAY-DELEGATES. 

A. O. Sox— Zion, Emmanuel, St. Andrew, St. Peter, (M.), S. C. 

Lewis Shealy — St. James, St. Paul, Cedar Grove, S. C. 

J. W. Summer, Sr.— St Peter, St. John, S. -C. 

G. W. Jacobs— St. Jacob, S. C. 

Wm. L. Darr— Bethlehem, St. Thomas, S. C. 

P. C. Setzer— Philadelphia, N. C. 

M. L. Furr— St. Martin, N. C. 

J. A. Hahu — Lutheran Union, N. C. 

Jacob Wike— St. James, N. C. 

D. A. Yoder— Grace, N. C. 

J. P. Yount— Concordia, N. C. 

John H. Moser— St. John, N. C. » 

F. P. Moser— St. Paul, Bethel, N. C. 

J. P. Miller— St. Peter, St. Stephen, Shiloh, Mt. Olive, N. C. 

Noah Hahn— Zion, Holy Trinity, N. C. 

J. T. Miller— St. Timothy, N. C. 

Jacob Darr — Pilgrim, N. C. 

P. M. Frank— Beck's, N. C. 

W. A. Sullivan — Emmanuel, N. C. 

J. H. Grimes— Holly Grove, N. C. 

A. R. Beck — New Jerusalem, N. C. 

David Jenkins — Lutheran Chapel, N. C. 

R. M. Jenkins— Christ, Mt. Holly, N. C. 

D. W. Johnson— Melanchthon, Mt. Pleasant, Coble, N. C. 

A. L. Wagner— St. Martin, N. C. 

R. E. Costner— Salem, N. C. 

C. B. Sikes — Morning Star, Emmanuel, St. Luke, N. C. 

H. J. Barnhardt— Mt. Moriah, N. C. 

C. L. Swartz— St. Mary (Pine), Morning Star, Solomon, Rader, Va. 

D. I. Offman — Emmanuel, Va. 

The President, Rev. J. C. Moser, read his annual re- 
port, which was received to be referred to a committee yet 
to be appointed. 

PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

Dear Brethren : — Another synodical year has passed away, and 
is numbered with the things that were. Another year has been added 
to our lives. Another year of service in the kingdom of our Lord has 
closed, and its records have been written on high in the Book of God's 
remembrance. 



6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

By the kind providence of our Heavenly Father, we are permitted 
to assemble agaio in annual convention. We now lift our hearts to 
God in sincere and devout gratitude for all his mercies, and humbly 
implore the continuance of his favor and the guidance of his Spirit, 
especially now, while we meet here from day to day in the interests of 
our beloved Church. 

Again we are called upon to deplore the loss of one of our number. 
Dr. P. C. Heukel is no more. God has called this faithful and devo- 
ted servant from the labors of earth to the reward of heaven. One by 
one our brethren pass away, and meet with us here no more. How 
this should admonish us to greater diligence and faithfulness. My 
brethren, let us work while it is day, for the time is short, and the 
night soon cometh. 

I herewith present a brief statement of my official acts during the 
year, with such other matters of general interest as may demand at- 
tention. 

I gave orders on the Treasurer of our Beneficiary Fund in favor of 
our beneficiaries for the full amounts appropriated to them by Synod, 
with the exception of brother William L. Darr, who asked only $60.00 
out of an appropriation of $75.00. 

On June 12, I issued an order on the Treasurer of Synod for 
$100.00, in favor of our missionary in Alabama, Rev. D. A. Sox. 

INSTALLATION. 

On April 21, I installed Rev. J. P. Price, at his request, in the 
pastorate formerly served by my father, Rev. T. Moser. 

Prof. J. F. Moser, having applied for examination and ordination 
to the committee appointed at our last convention for this purpose, 
and one of the committee, Rev. Dr. P. C. Henkel, having declined to 
serve, I appointed Rev. J. M. Smith in his place. By this committee 
Prof. J. F. Moser was examined, and, having been found qualified, he 
was ordained, July 27, in Daniel's Church, Lincoln Co., N. C, at a 
meeting of the North Carolina Conference. 

NEW ORGANIZATIONS. 

Through Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, the Executive Committee of Mis- 
sions in Virginia, I received notice that in the town of Manassas, 
Prince William Co., Va. , he had, on July 28, organized a congregation 
with nineteen confirmed members. This congregation was named 
Bethel, and is the result of the missionary labors of the Virginia Con- 
ference. It is, for the present, under the care of Rev. P. C. Wike. 

In Monroe, N. C, an organization was effected, on the first Sun- 
day of August, by Rev. J. F. Moser, missionary of the North Carolina 
Conference, with thirteen confirmed members. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

DEDICATIONS. 

Through Rev. E. L. Lybrand, I was informed of the dedication of 
a new house of worship for St. Paul's E. L. Church, Lexington Co., 
S. C. The new church, I am informed, is one of the largest in the 
county, the dimensions being 46 x 60 feet. It is an excellent frame 
building, neatly finished throughout. It was consecrated on the 
second Sunday of May, Rev. L- E. Busby preaching the sermon, and 
the pastor, Rev. E. L. Lybrand, conducting the service. 

On July 28, at a meeting of the North Carolina Conference, a new 
house of worship, erected by Daniel's E. L. congregation, Lincoln 
Co., N. C, was dedicated, the President preaching the sermon, and 
the pastor, Rev. J. A. Rudisill, conducting the service. This church 
is a commodious brick building, 50 x 75 feet, costing about $4,000. 

PASTORAL CHANGES AND VACANCIES. 

The pastorate in South Carolina, left vacant last year by the death 
of Dr. Smeltzer, extended a call in the spring to candidate W. L- Darr. 
Brother Darr accepted the call, and entered upon his labors in this 
field in June. There will doubtless be petitions at this meeting for his 
ordination. 

Rev. J. M. Smith having resigned St. John's, Catawba Co., N. C, 
and Rev. C. H. Bernheim having taken charge in April, Shiloh and 
Friendship, Alexander Co., were, by this arrangement, left vacant. 
These were supplied by Dr. P. C. Henkel until his death, with the 
assistance of candidate J. T. Miller. By the death of Dr. Henkel, six 
congregations were left vacant. It is hoped that an arrangement will 
soon be made by which they can be supplied, *or regularly served. 
Concordia congregation, Conover, called Rev. Prof. J. G. Schaid, who 
took charge in August. 

Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner has resigned Lutheran Chapel, Glen 
Alpine, to take effect January 1st, 1890, and has made an arrangement 
by which Prof. Schaid will serve the congregation for him until that 
time. 

Rev. J. N. Stirewalt wrote me that, on account of inconvenience, 
he had resigned two churches in Shenandoah Co., Va., — Mt. Calvary, 
Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., taking charge, and St. David, Rev. Ji W. 
Hausenfluck taking charge. The pastorate of Dr. M. L. Fox is still 
vacant. 

The appointment of a visiting committee to Concordia College 
having been overlooked at our last meeting, on October 30, at the re- 
quest of the President of the College, Prof. R. A. Yoder, I appointed 
for this purpose a committee, consisting of Rev. Prof. W. P. Cline 
and Rev. P. C. Wike. 



i> MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



MISSIONS. 

There is evidently a growing interest throughout our Synod in 
the work of home missions, which should he a matter of rejoicing to 
us all. In Virginia and North Carolina, important missions have 
been undertaken, and are being prosecuted with gratifying results. 
There is not yet, however, that degree of co-operation on the part of 
all our pastors in this work, necessary to the highest measure of suc- 
cess. If this body can devise some method by which the hearty sym- 
pathy and co-operation of all our pastors and congregations can be 
enlisted in the general work of the church, it will be a "consummation 
devoutly to be wished." 

Prof. J. G. Schaid's letter of honorable dismissal from the North 
Carolina Synod was placed in my hands this morning. As it would 
certainly be a suicidal policy on our part to receive men not in doc- 
trinal harmony with us, Synod will, therefore, as usual, appoint a 
committee to confer with him, that, his harmony with us in doctrine 
being understood, he may be received according to the invariable cus- 
tom of this body. 

And now, brethren, in returning to you the trust committed to 
me, I offer my sincere and hearty thanks for the kindness and con- 
sideration shown me, humbly eutreating God's blessing,, and the 
guidance of the Holy Spirit in our deliberations, that wisdom, harmo- 
ny, and brotherly love may control all our transactions. 

J. C. MOSER. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

i 

The result of the election was as follows : 

Rev. A. L. Crouse, President. 

Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, Rec. Sec'y. 

Rev. Prof. W. P. Cline, Cor. Sec'y. 

Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, Treasurer. 

Rev. J. M. Smith, Treas. Bene. Fund. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Asst. Treas. Bene. Fund. 

Revs. R. A. Yoder and J. K. Efird were appointed to 
classify all letters and petitions addressed to Synod. 

Synod adjourned for one hour. Benediction by the 
President. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

SECOND SESSION! 

Friday, i P. M. 
The Synod was called to order by the President. The 
Secretary called the roll. The President appointed the 
following 

STANDING COMMITTEES. 

I. On the State of the Church. — Rev. Prof. M. L. Little, 
Rev. P. C. Wike, and Rev. J. K. Efird. 

II. On Examination. — Revs. J. M. Smith, I. Conder, 
J. C. Moser, J. N. Stirewalt, D. Efird, and E. L. Lybrand. 

COMMITTEES TO REPORT DURING THIS CONVENTION. 

/. On Letters and Petitions. — Revs. J. R. Peterson, J. 
A. Cromer, and Mr. C. L. Swartz. 

II. On Unfinished Business. — Revs. Prof. R. A. Yoder, 
Prof. R. H. Cline, and Mr. Lewis Shealy. 

III. On President' s Report. — Revs. C. H. Bernheim, J. 
P. Price, and Mr. C. B. Sikes. 

IV. On Treasurers' Reports.— Revs. J. K. Efird, J. F. 
Moser, and Mr. J. T. Miller. 

V. On Church Institutions. — Revs. T. Moser, J. A. 
Rudisill, and Mr. David Jenkins. 

VI. On Missions.— Revs. J. C. Moser, Prof. W. P. 
Cline, and Mr. R. E. Costner. 

At the call of the President, the Treasurer of the 
Beneficiary Fund read the following report : 

TREASURER'S REPORT— BENEFICIARY FUND. 
J. M. SMITH, Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 
In account with the 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1888. Dr. 

Dec. 3. To amount from Rev. D. A. Sox, Mt. Zion, Cald- 
well Co., N. C $ 1 00 

Dec. 3. To amount from \V. Laminack, Zion, Ala 50 

Dec. 3. To amount from St. James, S. C 3 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Dec. 3. To amount from Rev. J. K. Efird, from 4 churches, 25 40 
Dec. 3. To amount from Rev. J. A. Rudisill's charge ... 16 45 

Dec. 3. To amount from Rev. T. Moser's charge 15 00 

Dec. 3. To amount from Assistant Treasurer, Rev. S. Henkel 40 00 
Dec. 4. To amount from Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge : 

Morning Star, $2 00 ; Mt. Calvary, $ 3 00 5 00 

Dec. 4. To amount from Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge : Em- 
manuel's, $2 50 ; St. Andrew's, $2 50 . 5 00 

Dec. 5. To amount from Rev. W. P. Cline's charge .... 11 44 

1S89. 

Jan. 1. To amount from Rev. J. S. Koiner, Glen Alpine, N. 

C, Luther Chapel 5 00 

Jan. 24. To amount from Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge : Zion, 

$4 50 ; St. Peter's, $4 50 9 00 

Jan. 28. To amount from former Treasurer, Rev. J. C. Mo- 

ser, balance on hand 38 03 

Jan. 28. To amount from former Treasurf"-, refunded by 

former Beneficiary, N. G. Deal, less the interest . 35 00 
Feb. 24. To amount from Rev. J. M. Smith's charge : St. 

Paul's, $5 00 ; Bethel, $2 35 ; St. John's, $1 65 . . 9 00 

Apr. 24. To amount from Rev. P. C. Henkel's charge : St. 

Stephen's, $5 28 ; St. Peter's, $2 06 7 34 

May 16. To amount from Rev. R. H. Cline's charge .... 12 85 
May 22. To amount from Rev. J. C. Moser's pastorate : Holy 

Trinity, $:o 00 ; Zion, #ro 00; Newton, $5 00. . . 25 00 
May 28. To amount from Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge : Salem, 

$4 00 ; Grace, $5 00 9 00 

May 28. To amount from Concordia congregation, Conover . 9 00 
Nov. 2. To amount from Assistant Treasurer, Rev. S. Henkel 27 81 
Nov. 8. To amount from Assistant Treasurer, Rev. S. Hen- 
kel, from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt 18 00 

Nov. 8. To amount from Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge : Mt. 

Holly, $5 00 ; Christ's, $5 00 10 00 

$337 92 
1888. Cr. 

Dec. 22. By cash to Jacob Wike $ 20 00 

1889. 

Apr. 2. By cash to Jacob Wike 15 00 

Aug. 16. " " " 10 00 

Oct. 1. " " " 20 00 

May 23. " " 10 00 

$75 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. II 



Mar. ii. By cash to A. L,. Bolick 
Apr. 26. 
Aug. 1. 
Sept. 14. 
Oct. 1. 

May 17. By cash to J. J. George 

May 23. " " " 

Aug. 1. " " " 

Oct. 1. 

May 22. By cash to Wm. L. Darr 



20 00 
20 00 
15 00 
10 00 
10 00 

12 85 

9 00 

10 00 

18 15 

50 00 



$75 00 



$50 00 
- $50 00 

$250 00 

Balance on hand $87 92 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. M. SMITH, 
Nov. 9, 1889. Treas. Ben. Fund. 

The report was received and referred to the proper 
committee for examination. 

Rev. S. Henkel, Assistant Treasurer of the Beneficiary 
Fund, being absent, his report was read by Rev. J. K. Kfird, 
as follows : 

REPORT OF ASSISTANT TREASURER OF BENEFICIARY 

FUND. 

SOCRATES HENKEL, In Account with the 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1888. Dr. 

Nov. 27. To amt. due Synod $ 51 79 

18S9. 

Feb. 7. To amt. from Rev. I. Conder 5 00 

Oct. 10. To amt. from Rev. A. L. Crouse, Powder Spring 

Church *2 25 

Oct. 21. To amt. from Rev. P. C. Wike's charge— St. Paul's, 

$8 00 ; St. Matthew's, $10 00 ; St. Stephen's, 

$7 56; Rev. P. C. Wike, $2 00; Mrs. » Mary A. 

Rhodes, 25 cents 27 81 

Nov. 5. To amt. from Rev. S. Henkel's charge— Mt. Calvary, 

$2 00; Mt. Zion, $3 00; Emmanuel's, |6 00. . . 11 00 
Nov. 5. To amt. from Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt's charge .... 18 00 



$105 85 



12 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNO^. 

1888. Cr. 

Dec. 3. By cash paid Rev. J. M. Smith, Treasurer . . $40 00 

1S89. 

Oct. 21. By order on Rev. P. C. Wike, in favor of 

Rev. J. M. Smith 27 81 

Nov. 5. By order on Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, in favor of 

Rev. J. M. Smith 18 00 



$85 81 
Nov- 5- To balance due Synod $30 04 



*This amount of $2.25 should have been $2.75. The error of 50 
cts. will appear in next report. Assistant Treasurer. 

The report was received and referred to the proper com- 
mittee. 

The Treasurer read his report. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

J. N. STIREWAL/T, In Account with the 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

synodicae fund. 

I88S. 

Dec. 1-6. To amount received for Minutes $56 05 

" 1-6. To amount received for expenses to United Synod 3 50 



Total amount received $59 55 

1889. 

Jan. 23. By amount paid Rev. A. L. Crouse on expen- 
ses to United Synod $ 3 50 

Jan. 23. By amount paid Rev. A. D. Crouse for services 

as Secretary as per action of Synod .... 5 00 

Feb. 16. By amount paid Henkel & Co., for printing, 
binding, mailing and expressing 1000 copies 
— 44 pages — Minutes of Tennessee Synod 56 94 



Total amount paid out $65 44 

Balance due Treasurer . ■ 5 89 

" " Henkel & Co., for printing Minutes 1887 2 62 

1888 14 90 



Total indebtedness $23 41 



MINUTES OF EVANGEEICAX LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



13 



HOME MISSION RECEIPTS. 

amt. rec'd from Rev. E. I»! Lybrand's charge, 

Cedar Grove church $ 

amt. rec'd of St. Peter's, Rev. Cromer's charge 
amt. rec'd of Zion's, " " 

amt. rec'd of Emmanuel's, " " 

amt. rec'd of St. Andrew's, *' " 

amt. rec'd of Mt. Calvary, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's 

charge 

amt. rec'd of St. Peter's, Rev. J. K. Efird's charge 

amt. rec'd of St. John's, " 

amt. rec'd of St. Jacob's, " 

amt. rec'd of St. Thomas', " 

amt. rec'd of St. Peter's S. S., 

amt. rec'd of St. John's 

amt. rec'd of St. Jacob's '* " 

amt. rec'd of St. Thomas', " " 



To amt. rec'd of Rev. P. C. Wike's charge, to buy 
a lot for a church in Knoxville, Tennessee . . . 
June 29. To amt. rec'd of Bethlehem church, Rev. J. E- 
Shenk's charge 

Total amt. rec'd for Home Missions .... 

HOME MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 

1889. 

Jan. 17. By amt. sent J. D. Cappelmann $113 90 

July. 1. By amt. sent J. D. Cappelmann 7 00 

By amt. paid for draft and postage 37 



1.888. 






Dec. 


4- 


To 


Dec. 

( i 


4- 


To 
To 
To 
To 


4 ( 




To 


Dec. 


4- 


To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 
To 


1889. 






Jan. 


12. 


To 



1888. 

Dec. 4. 
Dec. 4. 



12 


10 


7 


00 


2 


00 


2 


00 


2 


00 


2 


37 


13 


3° 


12 


60 


5 


45 


6 


65 


17 


58 


9 


80 


14 


72 


I 


20 


5 


50 


7 


00 



SI2I 27 



Total amt. paid for Home Missions . $121 27 

FOREIGN MISSION RECEIPTS. 

To amt. rec'd of Rev. E. L. Lybrand's charge, Cedar 
Grove Church 

To amt. rec'd of St. Peter's, Rev. Cromer's charge 

To amt. rec'd of Zion's, " 

To amt. rec'd of Emmanuel's, " 

To amt. rec'd of St. Andrew's, " " 

To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge . . . 

To amt. rec'd of Mt. Calvary, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's 
charge 



3 


00 


3 


00 


1 


00 


1 


00 


1 


00 


3 


00 



14 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Dec. 4. To amt. rec'dofSt. Peter's, Rev. J. K. Ffird's charge 
" To amt. rec'd of St. John's, " " 

* To amt. rec'd of St. Jacob's, 

To amt. rec'd of St. Peter's S. S., " 
To amt. rec'd of St. Jacob's " 
18S9. 

Apr. 16. To amt. rec'd of Bethlehem church, per Rev. Shenk, 
May 20. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. A. Rudisill's charge .... 
July 1. To amt. rec'd of J. D. Printz, subs, to 3Iiss. News . 

Total amt. rec'd for Foreign Missions $66 25 

FOREIGN MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 
1889. 

Jan. 17. By amt. sent J. D. Cappelmann $39 00 

July I. By amt. sent J. D. Cappelmann 27 08 

By amt. paid for postal order and postage . 17 



3 90 


5 


00 




10 


8 


CO 


8 


00 


7 


00 


20 


CO 




25 



Total amt. paid for Foreign Missions #66 25 

ALABAMA MISSION RECEIPTS. 
1889. 

Jan. 3. To amt. rec'd of Rev. Crouse, col. at Synod in 1887 $ 5 00 

" 31. To amt. rec'd of " 3 00 

Feb. 12. To amt. rec'd of Rev. I. Conder's charge 10 00 

Feb. 19. To amt. rec'd of Bethel church, Rev. Crouse' s charge 2 30 

May 13. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. P. Price's charge 10 00 

May 20. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. A. Rudisill's charge .... 10 00 

May 29. To amt. rec'd of Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge, St. James' 5 00 

May 22. To amt. rec'd of Rev. A. L,. Crouse's charge, Powder 

Spring church, $2 25 ; Zion church, $1 70 — total 3 95 
June 28. To amt. rec'd of Rev. P. C. Wike's charge 12 00 

" To amt. rec'd of Rev. A. L. Crouse, personal .... 

July 18. To amt. rec'd of Rev. W. P. Cline's charge 

Aug. 13. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge. . . . 

Aug. 17. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge. . . . 

Aug. 17. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. C. Moser's charge, Zion, $10 : 
Holy Trinity, $10 ; Church in Newton, $5 — total . 

Oct. 15. To amt. rec'd of Rev. D. J. Settlemyre's charge . . . 

" To amt. rec'd of Rev. A. L. Crouse, personal . ... 

Total amt. rec'd for Alabama Mission $124 25 



I 


00 


6 


00 


10 


00 


10 


00 


25 


00 


10 


00 


1 


00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 



ALABAMA MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 

1889. 

June 25. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox #49 00 

By amt. paid for postal order and postage . 27 

July 3. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox 12 88 

By amt. paid for postal order and postage . 12 

Aug. 19. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox 15 83 

By amt. paid for postal order and postage . 17 

By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox 34 83 

By amt. paid for postal order and postage . 15 

By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox . . . . \ . . . 10 SS 

By amt. paid for postal order and postage . 12 

Total amt. paid out #124 25 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. N. STIREWALT, Treasurer. 

This report was received and handed to the committee. 

REPORT OF THE TREASURER OF THEOLOGICAL FUND. 

Report of Theological Funds of E. L. Tenn. Synod, Deposited 

with Treasurer Concordia College, Conover, N. C. 
1888. 

Dec. To balance on hand — statement iSSS $ 12 87 

Dec. 10. To cash of Rev. J. A. Cromer 3 00 

1889. 

Feb. 26. To cash of Rev. J. M. Smith 1 20 

June 20. To cash of St. John's, Catawba Co 1 15 

Oct. 16. To cash of Rev. J. G. Schaid . . . . \ 50 

Oct. 29. To cash of Rev. P. C. Wike's charge 2 00 

$20 72 
18S9. 
May 16. By cash paid Rev. J. S. Koiner . . . . . . $17 07 

Oct. 16. By cash paid Rev. J. S. Koiner 1 65 

iS 72 

Balance in Treasury $2 00 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. HUNSUCKER, Treas. C. C. 

On motion, the roll of delegates, appointed to attend 
the convention of the United Synod, to be held at Wilming- 
ton, N. C, was called, and it was found that some of these 
delegates could not attend. Others were appointed in- 



l6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

stead of those who could not go. The vacancies were par- 
tially filled. Col. A. H. Crowel and Rev. J. F. Moserwere 
appointed to fill vacancies. 

The following resolution, on pages 35 and 41, last 
year's Minutes, was rescinded : 

Resolved, That it is the rule that the President of this Synod shall 
be a delegate to the United Synod, and shall be the chairman of its 
delegation. 

The Special Committee on Church Discipline, composed 
of Revs. Prof. J. S. Koiner, A. L. Crouse, and Prof. M. L. 
Little, was so changed as to make Rev. A. L. Crouse chair- 
man of said committee. 

On motion, the following committee was appointed to 
prepare and present to Synod suitable resolutions on the 
death of Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D.: Revs. T. Moser, J. R. 
Peterson, and Prof. M. L. Little. 

Synod adjourned to meet to-morrow morning at 9^ 
A. M. Prayer and benediction by Rev. Prof. M. L- Little. 



THIRD SESSION. 



Saturday, g]4. A. M. 

The members of Synod having assembled, Divine 
Services were conducted by Rev. J. A. Rudisill. The roll 
was called and the minutes were read and approved. 

Rev. J. R. Peterson presented the Report of the Commit- 
tee on Letters and Petitions. The report was received and 
considered by items. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

We, the committee, appointed to report on Letters and Petitions 
addressed to this convention of Synod, submit the following : 

No. 1 is a letter from Rev. J. G. Schaid, inclosing a letter of hon- 
orable dismission from the Evangelical Lutheran Synod and Ministe- 
rium of North Carolina, with a view to admission as a member of this 
Synod, and, as it was not convenient to him to be present at this 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 1 7 

meeting, he asks that "some one" be appointed to confer with him in 
colloquium with a view to his installation as pastor and professor. 

No. 2 is a letter from Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., in which he asks 
Synod to excuse his absence from this convention in consequence of 
the feeble condition of his wife. Your committee recommend that 
Rev. Henkel be excused. 

No. 3 is a letter, addressed to the President of Synod by Rev. J. 
S. Koiner, asking to be excused for his absence from this meeting, 
assigning the distance from the place of meeting as the cause of his 
absence. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 4 is a letter from Rev. J. W. Hausenfiuck, in which he asks 
to be excused. We recommend that Rev. Hausenfiuck be not excused. 

No. 5 is a petition from Shiloh Evangelical Lutheran congregation, 
Alexander Co., N. C, asking for the examination and ordination of 
candidate J. P. Miller to the office of pastor. 

No. 6 is a petition from Salem Church, Alexander Co., N. C, 
praying for the examination and pastoral ordination of candidate 
James T. Miller.' 

No. 7 is a petition from St. Jacob's, St. Thomas, and Bethlehem 
churches, Lexington Co., S. C, asking for the examination and ordi- 
nation of candidate W. L. Darr to the office of the ministry. 

Nos. 8, 9, io, ii are petitions from the following congregations, 
praying to be received as integral parts of this Synod, viz.: St. Luke's 
Church, Monroe, N. C; Mount Olive Church, Catawba Co., N. C; 
Mount Tabor Church, New Brooklyn, S. C. ; Bethel Church, Manassas, 
Va. We recommend that these congregations be received. 

No. 12 is a petition, asking Synod to hold her next annual con- 
vention in St. James Church, Catawba Co., N. C. 

No. 13 is a letter addressed to Synod by Rev. D. J. Settlemyre, 
in which he states that he had made an arrangement to visit vacant 
congregations in Watauga Co., at the time of Synod, and could not in 
consequence attend this convention, and asks to be excused. 

No. 14 is a petition from Solomon's Church, Shenandoah Co., 
Va., cordially inviting Synod to hold the next annual convention with 
that congregation. 

No. 15 is a letter from Rev. J. E. Berley, elected at the last meet- 
ing of the South Carolina Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church 
as fraternal delegate to this Synod,, in which he conveys to us the greet- 
ings of his Synod, and prays the blessing of God upon our labors, and 
states that circumstances were such as to prevent his presence at this 
meeting. 

No. 16 is a letter from Rev. H. M. Brown, inclosing his credentials 
as delegate from the North Carolina Synod to this Synod, in which he 



l8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

expresses his regret that he could not attend this convention of our 
Synod, and extends the most fraternal feelings and brotherly love of 
his Synod. 

No. 17 is a letter from Rev. J. I. Miller in which he asks to be ex- 
cused for his absence from this meeting. 

No. 18 is a letter from Rev. L,. K. Probst, General Secretary of the 
Board of Missions and Church Extension of the United Synod of the 
Evang. Lutheran Church in the South, in which he informs us that it was 
his intention to attend this meeting, but was prevented by necessary 
attention to the work connected with his office. He calls the attention 
of Synod to the remaining indebtedness of this body to the Mission 
Board according to the apportionment made at the last meeting of the 
United Synod. 

Your committee recommend that all the above letters be read be- 
fore Synod. 

No. 19 is a letter from Rev. D. Efird, in which he informs us that 
in consequence of the feeble state of his health, it was. not convenient 
for him to be present at this meeting, and asks to' be excused. We 
recommend that Rev. Efird be excused. 

No. 20 is a letter from Rev. D. A. Goodman, through which he 
informs us that because of bodily affliction he is absent from this 
meeting of Synod, and asks to be excused. We recommend that he 
be excused. 

Nos. 21, 22, and 23 are petitions from Coble's Church, Guilford 
Co., N. C, Mt. Pleasant Church, Alamance Co., N. C, and Melanch- 
thon's Church, Randolph Co., N. C, informing Synod that they have 
extended a call to Mr. D. I. Offman to become their pastor, and calling 
for his examination and ordination. We recommend that their re- 
quest be complied with. 

No. 24 is a petition from Emmanuel's Church, New Market, Va., 
inviting Synod to hold her next annual convention with that congre- 
gation. 

No. 25 is a verbal petition extended by the Pastor, Rev. J. N. 
Stirewalt, of Mt. Calvary Church, Page Co., Va., inviting Synod to 
hold her next annual convention with that congregation. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. R. PETERSON, 
J. A. CROMER, 
C. E. SWARTZ. 

Item 1. Complying with this item, the following reso- 
lution was adopted : 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 1 9 

Resolved, That the request of Rev. Prof. J. G. Sehaid be granted, 
and that the Committee on Examination in North Carolina, Revs. J. 
M. Smith and J. C. Moser, be instructed to confer with Rev. Sehaid 
as soon as possible, and, if the conference is satisfactory, this commit- 
tee be empowered to have his name placed on our clerical roll. 

Item 2. The recommendation of the committee was sus- 
tained, and Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., was excused. 

Item 3. The recommendation of the' committee was sus- 
tained, and Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner was excused. 

Item 4. The recommendation of the committee was 
sustained as amended, and Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck was 
not excused. 

Items 5, 6, and 7 were referred to the Examining 
Committee. 

Items 8, 9, 10, and n. The recommendation of the 
committee was sustained, and these congregations were re- 
ceived : Mt. Tabor, Richland Co., S. C; Mt. Olive, Catawba 
Co., N. C; St. Luke's, Union Co., N. C; Bethel, Prince 
William Co., Va. 

Item 12 was deferred until the time for fixing the time 
and place for holding the next convention of Synod. 

Item 13. Rev. D. J. Settlemyre was excused. 

Item 14 was deferred until the time for fixing the time 
and place for holding the next convention of Synod. 

Items 15, 16, 17, and 18. The recommendation of the 
committee was sustained, the letters were read in open 
Synod by the Secretary, and Rev. Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D., 
was excused. 

Item 19. The recommendation of the committee was 
sustained, and Rev. D. Efird was excused. 

Item 20. The recommendation of the committee was 
sustained, and Rev. D. A. Goodman was excused. 

Items 21, 22, and 23. The recommendation of the com- 
mittee was sustained, and Mr. D. I. Offnian was examined 
and ordained pastor. 

Items 24 and 25 were postponed until the time for con- 



20 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

sidering the time and place for holding the next convention 
of Synod. 

The report was adopted as amended, as a whole. 

Rev. C. H. Bernheim read the following Report of the 
Committee on President's Report: 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

We, your committee, to whom was referred the President's Re- 
port, find nothing therein requiring the action of this body. We 
recommend that it be published with the Minutes. 
Yours respectfully, 

C. H. BERNHEIM, 
J. P. PRICE, 
C. B. SIKES. 

This report was adopted and the recommendation of the 
committee was sustained. 

Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder read the following report : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXAMINATION. 

We, the Committee on Examination in the State of North Caro- 
lina, to whom was referred the matter of examining and ordaining 
Prof. J. F. Mosej, would state that the examination was held, and that 
it was satisfactory to the committee. Prof. J. F. Moser was found to 
be well qualified to bear the office' of pastor ; and he was therefore set 
apart for the work of pastor, by the rite of ordination, on the 27th day 
of July, 1889, at Daniel's Evangelical Lutheran Church, Lincoln Co., 
N. C, at a meeting of the North Carolina Conference. We, therefore, 
commend him to the favorable reception of this body, and ask that his 
name be placed on our ministerial roll. 

Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER, 
J. M. SMITH. 

This report was received and adopted, and the name of 
Prof. J. F. Moser appears on the clerical roll. 

Synod adjourned to meet after recess. Benediction by 
the President. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 

FOURTH SESSION. 



Saturday, i P. M. 

The President called Synod to order. Roll called. 

Rev. J. M. Smith, Secretary of the Board of Trustees 
of Concordia College, read the following report, which was 
received and sanctioned. 

REPORT OF SECRETARY OF BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF 
CONCORDIA COLLEGE.' 

As it pleased God to remove the beloved President of our Board 
of Trustees of Concordia College, as Secretary of the same, I will make 
this short report of Concordia College, the Institution of the Tennessee 
Synod : 

During the past synodical year, this Institution has enjoyed a 
good degree of success. Some changes were made — Profs. J. S. 
Koiner, J. F. Moser, and D. A. Sox resigned, and their resignation 
was accepted by the Board. 

The vacancy thus made was filled by calling Rev. Prof. J. G. 
Schaid and J. P. Miller. These accepted their call to this relation, 
and entered upon their work at the beginning of the fall term of school, 
laboring successfully in their arduous duties, giving good satisfaction 
to all. 

It is to be hoped that Synod will heartily sanction and endorse 
what the Board has done. Our school, dear brethren, needs your 
help, your encouragement, your sons, your daughters. It must be 
the fountain whence shall go forth to fill the cries, coming up from 
all quarters, Come over and help us. 

This Institution is ih infancy, and is your infant, nurse it kindly 
and tenderly, that it may do its work, and send out streams to make 
glad the city of our God. May it be the good pleasure to fill in the 
vacancy made by the death of our President. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. M. SMITH, Secretary oe Board. 

Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder read the Report of the Commit- 
tee on Unfinished Business as follows. It was received and 
considered by items. 
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

The Committee on Unfinished Business beg leave to report that 
they find very little in the last Minutes of Synod requiring the atten- 
tion of this session. 



22 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD'. 

(i) On page 21 of Minutes of 1888, we find a recommendation that 
pastors and congregations send contributions to the Theological Pro- 
fessorship fund. Has this been done ? 

(2) On page 29, we find that Revs. J. S. Koiner and R. A. Yoder 
were appointed a committee to revise the course of study for private 
students in Theology. Has this been done ? 

(3) On page 29, we find a committee, composed of Revs. J. M. 
Smith and J. A. Rudisill, appointed to revise our parochial reports. — 
Are they prepared to report ? 

(4) On page 33, we find that Revs. J. N. Stirewalt and R. A. Yoder 
were appointed a committee to settle the matter of expenses of dele- 
gates to the United Synod of the South, at Savannah. Has this matter 
been attended to? Respectfully submitted, R. A. YODER, 

R. H. CLINE, 
LEWIS SHEALY. 

Item 1. Complied with in part. 

Item 2 . The committee submitted the following report : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON A REVISED COURSE OF 

STUDY FOR PRIVATE STUDENTS OF 

THEOLOGY. 

COURSE FOR STUDENTS OF THEOLOGY. 

I. FIRST PART. 

i. Home's Introduction. 

2. Weidner's Theological Encyclopaedia. 

3. Harper and Weidner's Introductory New Testament Greek 
Method. 

4. Greek New Testament, with 

5. Bengel's Gnomon. 

6. Oehler's Old Testament Theology. 

II. SECOND PART. 

1. Kurtz's Sacred History. 

2. Kurtz's Church History. ' 

3. Hagenbach's History of Doctrine. 

III. THIRD PART. 

1. Book of Concord. 

2. Luthardt's Dogmatics. 

3. Krauth's Conservative Reformation. 

4. Schmid's Dogmatics. 

5. Mann's Schmidt's Ethics. 

6. Martensen's Christian Ethics. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



23 



IV. FOURTH PART. 

1. Horn's Evangelical Pastor. 

2. Hoppin's Homiletics. 

3. Van Oestersee's Practical Theology. 

Attention must be given to Liturgies, Catechetics, and Ecclesias- 
tical Polity. Respectfully submitted, J. S. KOINER, 

R. A. YODER, 

Committee. 

This report was received and considered. Moved that 
it be spread upon the Minutes, and its adoption be deferred 
till the next convention of Synod. The motion prevailed. 

Item 3. The committee submitted the following report, 
which was received, considered, and adopted as amended. 



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J. M. SMITH, 
J. A. RUDISIEL, 

Committee. 



24 MINUTES OK EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Item 4. Partially complied with, and the following; 
report was received, considered, and adopted : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON SETTLEMENT OF EX- 
PENSES OF DELEGATES TO UNITED 
SYNOD AT SAVANNAH. 

We, the committee appointed to settle the matter of expenses to the 
United Synod at Savannah, would beg leave to submit the following 
statement, which is the best that we can do from the information in 
hand, which is neither full nor satisfactory to your committee : 

Expenses. Paid. Due. 

J. C. Moser $21 85 $16 02 $ 5 83 

J. S. Koiner 21 85 18 97 2 88 

J. F. Moser 21 65 12 35 9 30 

A. L. Crouse 26 45 11 50 14 95 

S. Henkel 30 80 10 00 20 80 

J. P. Stirewalt 32 52 18 05 14 45 

Wm. Coffman 31 50 31 50 

Isaiah Bowman 31 50 31 50 

E. L. Lybrand 12 00 1200 

J. K. Efird 12 85 12 85 

H. A. Meetze 1200 12 00 

C. M. Efird 12 00 12 00 



Total amount due $68 21 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. N. STIREWALT, 
R. A. YODER. 

The Report of the Committee on Unfinished Business 
was adopted as a whole. 

It was moved that each pastor of this Synod be and is 
hereby requested to ask each of his congregations for money 
to pay remaining expenses of delegates to the United Synod 
at Savannah, Ga. The motion prevailed. 

It was moved that Synod pay the expenses of delegates 
to the United Synod at Wilmington, N. C, pro rata, out of 
any available money in the synodical treasury not otherwise 
applied. This motion prevailed. 

Rev. T. Moser read the following Report on Church 
Institutions. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CHURCH INSTITUTIONS. 

We, your committee, beg leave to submit the following : 
From the information furnished us, we find Concordia College is 
in a prosperous condition, and we learn from the reports of the Presi- 
dent of the College and of the Board, that the professors, Revs. J. S. 
Koiner, J. F. Moser, and D. A. S.ox, having offered their resignations, 
which were accepted by the board, and the vacancies caused by their 
resignations have been filled by calling Rev. Prof. J. G. Schaid and 
Prof. J. P. Miller, who have accepted and are now working satisfac- 
torily. (Item 1.) We recommend that Synod approve the action of 
the Board. We also learn from the Visiting Committee, that the in- 
stitution is in great need of an endowment fund and of a better college 
building. (Item 2. ) We commend this matter to the serious attention 
of Synod, and hereby submit their report, to be considered by Synod, 
and recommend that it be read. 

T. MOSER, 

J. A. RUDISILX, 

D. JENKINS. 

The report was received and considered by items. The 
report was adopted as a whole. 

Item 1. The recommendation of the committee was sus- 
tained. 

Item 2. The recommendation of the committee was sus- 
tained. 

On motion, Rev. J. C. Moser was nominated to fill the 
vacancy occasioned by the death of Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. 
D., in the Board of Trustees of Concordia College, Conover, 
N. C. The motion prevailed. 

Inasmuch as Maj. A. Koiner has not signified his will- 
ingness to be a member of the Board of Trustees of Concor- 
dia College, it was moved that his name be dropped, and 
that Mr. William Coffman be elected to fill the vacancy. 
This motion was sustained. 

Rev. Prof. W. P. Cline read the Report of the Visiting 
Committee to Concordia College. This report was received 
and considered by items. 



26 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

REPORT OF VISITING COMMITTEE TO CONCORDIA 
COLLEGE. 

We, the committee, appointed by the President of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod, to visit Concordia College and report its 
condition to Synod, submit the following : 

We visited the school, and found it in a prosperous condition, 
having enjoyed, during the last scholastic year, a largely increased 
patronage. The teachers were energetic and faithful in imparting 
both religious and literary knowledge with a commendable degree of 
success. We also found the students devoted to their studies, under 
good discipline, with proper respect for their instructors. But not- 
withstanding its present success, as noted above, the result of self- 
sacrifice on the part of the faculty, we find the school laboring under 
serious disadvantages, (i) It needs an endowment. This is not pos- 
sible to be obtained under the present circumstances, as such funds 
cannot be secured for the benefit of the school conducted in the 
present building ; therefore, we earnestly recommend that Synod take 
the necessary steps to furnish, in the near future, this institution with 
suitable college buildings. (2) We also recommend that Synod take 
some immediate steps toward supplying a theological teacher at Con- 
cordia College, as there are now a number of young men in college 
who should receive instruction in theology. 

W. P. CLINE, 
P. C. WIKE. 

Item 1. On motion, this report was referred to a special 
committee of three, composed of Revs. J. C. Moser, I. Con- 
der, and J. K. Kfird. The motion prevailed. 

The report of this committee was made the special item 
of business for g]4 A. M., Monday morning. 

Item 2. Action deferred for the present. 

Rev. J. K. Efird read the Report of the Committee on 
Treasurers' Reports as follows : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON TREASURERS' REPORTS. 

We, your Committee on Treasurers' Reports, have examined the 
same, and make the following : 

1. The report of the_ Treasurer of the Theological Fund of Concor- 
dia College, we find correct, so far as we can learn without vouchers. 
There is a balance in this fund of two dollars. 

2. The Synodical Treasurer's Report we find correct, and vouchers 
for the disbursements. The total indebtedness of this fund is twenty- 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 

three dollars and forty-one cents. The part of this report referring to 
the Alabama, Home, and Foreign Missions we find also correct, and the 
accounts balance evenly. 

3. We have also examined the report of the Treasurer of Ben- 
eficiary Education, and find it correct as far as we can see and under- 
stand without vouchers. 

We, your committee, recommend that hereafter vouchers be fur- 
nished, with all financial reports, for the information of the committee 
examining such papers. 

Respectfully submitted, 
* J. K. EFIRD, 

J. F. MOSER, 
J. P. MILLER. 

This report was received and adopted. 

REPORT OF PRESIDENT OF CONCORDIA COLLEGE. 

To the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod : 

Dear Brethren : — The condition of our School is very favora- 
ble, both as to number of students and the moral and literary condi- 
tion. The enrollment for the present term is 102, which is not quite 
as large as for corresponding term for last year, although there is an 
increase in the college department. There have been several changes 
in the faculty since my last report, and as there is, since the death of 
Dr. P. C. Henkel, no Chairman of the Board of Trustees, by whom 
this information may reach you, I make a few statements with refer- 
ence to these changes. 

Revs. Profs. J. S. Koiner, J. F. Moser, and D. A. Sox, having 
offered their resignations, they were accepted by the Board. The 
vacancies caused by their resignations have been filled by calling Rev. 
Prof. J. G. Schaid and Prof. J. P. Miller, who have accepted and are 
now working with great acceptance. Hoping to secure an increased 
interest in our Synod with reference to our School, I am 
Respectfully, 

R. A. YODER, 
President of Concordia College. 

Synod adjourned to meet Monday morning at 9^2 A. 
M. Prayer and benediction by the President. 



28 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



FIFTH SESSION. 



Monday Morning, 9^ A. M. 

The members of Synod met, and the President invited 
Rev. C. H. Bernheim to lead the Synod in divine service. 
The roll was called, and the minutes of the last session 
were read, received, and approved. 

Rev. Prof. L> A. Bikle, D. D., and Mr. R. E. Costner 
were excused from further attendance upon the sessions of 
this convention of Synod. 

Rev. J. C. Moser submitted the following paper on the 
Report of the Visiting Committee to Concordia College : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE TO REPORT ON VISITING 
COMMITTEE TO CONCORDIA COLLEGE. 

We, your committee to whom was referred the report of the Visit- 
ing Committee to Concordia College, recommend the following amend- 
ment to the plan proposed by the committee : 

Resolved 1. That a committee of five energetic men, three minis- 
ters and two lay-men,.be appointed by this Synod to conduct this work, 
with instructions to begin the work of raising funds in Conover and 
vicinity, with the privilege of extending their labors to a distance of 
three miles from the College, and when they shall have secured in this 
territory the sum of $2500, they shall be authorized to continue their 
work in other portions of the Tennessee Synod. 

2. This committee shall be empowered to continue their labors, 
and with advice of the Board of Trustees, erect a suitable building or 
buildings ; provided, however, no step shall be taken in this direction 
until at least #10,000 shall have been secured. J. C. MOSER. 

The report was received, and after considerable discus- 
sion it was adopted as a whole. 

The following preamble and resolution, offered by Rev. 
J. M. Smith, was received and adopted : 

Whereas, Seeing the widespread ruin that is stalking over our 
land, church, homes, and individuals, by the manufacture of and 
traffic in spirituous liquors ; therefore, 

Resolved, That this Synod most earnestly and kindly advises all 
its members not engaged in such work, to keep hands off, and all 
such as are engaged, to early abandon it. 



"MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. It) 

The delegate from this Synod to the E. h. South Car- 
olina Synod submitted the following report which was 
received and adopted : 

REPORT OF DELEGATE TO SOUTH CAROLINA SYNOD. 

Your delegate did not find it convenient to attend the convention 
of the South Carolina Synod, but sent a fraternal letter. 
Respectfully submitted, 

E. L. LYBRAND. 

On motion, divine services for this n A. M. and 
preaching be dispensed with, and the business of Synod 
continued. The motion prevailed. 

PREAMBLE AND RESOLUTIONS OFFERED BY REV. 

PROF. M. L. LITTLE WITH REFERENCE TO 

CHARLOTTE FEMALE SEMINARY. 

Whereas, Certain of our brethren have undertaken to establish 
a first-class female college, to be located in the city of Charlotte, N. 
C, which institution is to be conducted in accordance with the Con- 
fessional Basis of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, as contained in 
the Book of Concord, and in which Luther's Catechism and Lutheran 
training are to constitute part of the college curriculum ; and 

Whereas, These brethren ask the hearty endorsement and co- 
operation of this Synod in establishing such an institution of learning ; 
therefore, be it 

Resolved i. That the Tennessee Synod hails with pleasure the 
prospect of securing such an institution for the higher education of 
our daughters. 

2. That, in the judgment of this Synod, Charlotte is a very suita- 
ble location for said female college. 

3. That this Synod heartily endorses this educational enterprise, 
and will lend it her moral and substantial support. 

This paper was received and considered item by item for 
some time. Further discussion of this paper was post- 
poned till 1 P. M. 

Rev. T. Moser read the following resolutions on the 
death of Father Henkel, which were received and unani- 
mous^ adopted by a rising vote, the entire Synod standing 
a few minutes in silent prayer. 



JO [MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD*. 



RESOLUTIONS OF RESPECT TO THE MEMORY OF 
REV. P. C. HENKEL, D. D. 



Your committee, appointed to report resolutions on the death of 
Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D., submit the following: 

Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God in his wise providence 
to remove our dear brother from his labors in the Church militant to 
his reward in the Church triumphant, be it 

Resolved i. That in the death of Brother Henkel the Church has 
lost an able and valiant defender of her time-honored doctrines, the 
Synod a most faithful and devoted member, society an excellent neigh- 
bor and loyal citizen, and the bereaved family an exemplary Christian 
husband and father. 

2. That we humbly submit to this dispensation of our Heavenly 
Father, that we devoutly cherish the memory of our beloved brother 
and fellow-laborer, that we hereby express our appreciation of his 
labors, toils, and sacrifices for the cause of Christ, and that we lay 
seriously to heart the solemn lesson addressed to us. 

3. That we tender the family of the deceased our sincere sympathy 
in their sad bereavement, and commend them to the care of the Good 
Shepherd and Bishop of souls. 

4. That a copy of these resolutions be sent the afflicted family, 
and that a page of our Minutes be inscribed to the memory of our de- 
parted brother in Christ. 

T. MOSER, 

J. R. PETERSON, 

M. L. LITTLE, 

Committee. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 3! 

Rev. J. C. Moser read the Report of the Committee on 
Missions, together with the reports of the Executive Com- 
mittees on Missions from the three Conferences of this Synod. 
These reports were received and adopted. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON MISSIONS. 

Mr. President — Your. Committee on Missions submit the fol- 
lowing : 

We have received a report from the Chairman of Executive Com- 
mittee of Missions of the N. C. Conference, and also one from the 
Chairman of Va. Conference, giving a full account of the missiouary 
work of these Conferences during the past synodical year. We recom- 
mend that these reports be published in the Minutes of the Synod. 
We also submit a report of the S. C. Conference. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. C. MOSER, 
W. P. CLINE, 
C. L. SWARTZ. 

REPORT OF S. C. CONFERENCE OF TENNESSEE SYNOD. 
The South Carolina Conference has no mission directly under its 
care, but has, during the past year, given aid to some weak congrega- 
tions. Respectfully submitted, 
* E. L. LYBAND, 

Committee of S. C. Conference. 

REPORT OF MISSION WORK IN NORTH CAROLINA. 

As Chairman of the Executive Committee of Missions in North 
Carolina, I am glad to be able to report progress in our work. We 
have undertaken a promising mission in Monroe, Union County. 
Prof. J. F. Moser accepted a call to this field in the spring, and entered 
upon his labors there the first of May. He effected an organization 
there on the first Sunday in August with thirteen confirmed members, 
and since additions have been made, increasing this number to a con- 
firmed membership of twenty-two. 

A very eligible lot for a church has been secured, the gift of one 
of the members, Col. A. H. Crowell, and a subscription raised amount- 
ing to $1,100. Our missionary at Monroe serves two other small 
congregations. Our committee has guaranteed him $200 in addition 
to the amount raised in the field. One-half of the sum promised by 
conference has been paid, and we trust the remainder will be met 
without difficulty. The outlook for this mission is very encouraging. 

Efforts have been made by our committee to secure a missionary 



J2 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

to labor along the line of the W. N. C. R. R., including Asheville and: 
other points of importance, but up to this time our efforts have been, 
unavailing. In Watauga and surrounding counties we have a promis- 
ing field for missionary efforts,. but r for the want of laborers, we have 
not been able to cultivate it properly. We have not succeeded in 
finding a suitable man for this work. 

At Statesville an important mission has been begun by the private 
labors of Rev. D. J. Settlemyre. A congregation has been organized, 
which now has a membership of eighteen confirmed members. A 
very desirable site for a church has been secured at a cost of $350, and 
has been paid for by the congregation ; but their resources are limited, 
and without help they cannot build. I would make an earnest appeal 
to our pastors and members generally in behalf of our faithful and 
self-denying band of Lutherans in Statesville. 

Upon the whole, a very decided advance has been made in the 
North Carolina Conference. The missionary zeal and activity of our 
pastors and people are being aroused, and we are led to look for still 
more encouraging results in the future. J. C. MOSER, 

Chr. Ex. Comm. Missions N. C. Conference E. L. Tenn. Synod. 

REPORT OF MISSION WORK IN VIRGINIA. 

New Market, Va., Oct. 24, 1889. 
Rev. j. c. Moser, 

Dear Brother : — I write you this A. M. in compliance 
with the action of our last Synod. See page 29, last year's Minutes, 
item 4. As President of the Virginia Conference of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod and Executive Committee of Missions in 
said Conference, I communicate the following : As a Conference we 
are doing what we can to enlarge our borders, to gather together scat- 
tered members of our beloved church and administer to them the 
means of grace. During the last conferential year I organized a con- 
gregation at Manassas, Va., with 19 confirmed members. I wrote you 
sometime ago in regard to this place. It is being supplied with regu- 
lar monthly services by brother P. C. Wike. Our interests at that 
place are worthy of attention, and our services there are rapidly gain- 
ing favor. This congregation will apply for admission into our Synod 
this fall. Our pastors are all decidedly in favor of Mission work, and 
our people are being brought to a sense of their duty in that respect. 
In carrying on this noble work in the name of our dear Lord, we meet 
with the usual complaint, namely, scarcity of men and money. — 
There are other places within the limits of our conference which we 
will endeavor to work during this year. 

Yours fraternally, J. PAUL STIREWALT, 

Pres. Va. Con. E. L. Tenn. Synod and Ex. Comm. on Missions. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 33 

Synod adjourned to meet at i P. M. This session was 
closed with benediction by Rev. J. M. Smith. 



SIXTH SESSION. 



Monday, i P. M. 

Synod convened. The roll was called, and the resolu- 
tions offered by Prof. Little with reference to the proposed 
Charlotte Female Seminary, fixed for this hour, were taken 
up and considered. 

On motion, the preamble and first resolution were 
adopted. 

The second resolution was adopted. 

The third resolution was adopted. 

The whole was adopted as amended. 

The deferred item, No. 2, of the Report of the Visiting 
Committee to Concordia College, was taken up, and con- 
sidered. The recommendation of the committee was sus- 
tained. The following special committee of three was ap- 
pointed to suggest the name of a Theological Professor for 
the College. Committee : Revs. J. A. Rudisill, I. Conder, 
and Mr. Noah Hahn. 

The Report of the Visiting Committee was adopted as 
amended as a whole. 

Rev. Prof. M. L,. Little was, on motion, appointed a 
principal delegate to the United Synod, to be held at Wil- 
mington, N. C. 

Committee announced by the President to secure $10,- 
000 for the purpose of erecting new college buildings for 
Concordia College, Conover, N. C: Revs. Prof. W. P. Cline, 
Prof. J. F. Moser, P. C. Wike, Mr. A. M. Huit, and Mr. 
Jonas Hunsucker. 

On motion, a special committee of three was appointed 
to confer with Messrs. Henkel & Co., publishers of Our 
Church Paper, and ascertain the least number of bona fide 



34 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

additional subscribers to Our Church Paper required to re- 
duce the subscription price to $1.00 per annum. The result 
of this conference is to be published in said paper as soon as 
practicable. The motion prevailed, and the committee was 
composed of Revs. J. Paul Stirewalt, J. A. Rudisill, and I. 
Conder. 

On motion, Revs. H. Wetzel, D. A. Sox, and D. C. 
Huffman were excused. 

On motion, the following applicants were received and 
referred to the Examining Committee for approval : Messrs. 
S. S. Keisler, J. T. Craps, G. E. Long, R. L. Fritz, D. F. 
Conrad, A. R. Beck, and W. H. Roof. The motion was 
sustained. 

Rev. J. C. Moser offered the following resolution which 
is to take the place of standing resolution No. i, page 38, 
last year's Minutes, and resolution 22, page 41, last year's 
Minutes, — these two resolutions being hereby rescinded. 

Resolved, That each of our pastors is required to present to his 
people the educational and missionary work of Synod, to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, to take up in each of his congre- 
gations collections for the general work of the Church, and to report 
at each regular convention of our Synod ; and that in the case of pas- 
tors failing to do this, inquiry shall be made, and unless satisfactory 
reasons be rendered, such pastor, after the first and second admonition, 
may be subject to the censure of this Synod. 

This resolution after some discussion was adopted. 

On motion, a committee of three was appointed to pre- 
pare and present to this Synod a proper formula for admin- 
istering the Lord's Supper. Committee : Revs. A. L,. Crouse, 
T. Moser, and J. K. Efird. The motion was sustained. 

Rev. Prof. M. L. Little read the Report of the Commit- 
tee on the State of the Church. This report was received 
and adopted. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 35 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

Your Committee on State of the Church submit the following : 

From what your committee has been able to gather concerning 
the state of the church, we are pleased to state, that our church, taken 
as a whole, is in a prosperous and healthy condition, and that we have 
reason to be encouraged in our work, and to be devoutly thankful to 
the great Head of the Church for his continued grace and blessing. 

The church in South Carolina is reported to your committee as 
encouraging to pastors and people. There are no vacant congrega- 
tions in this State. Diligent attention is given to catechisation and to 
Sunday-school work. Church progress is seen in the erection of new 
houses of worship, in increased attendance upon public worship, in 
conformity to church usages and practices, in benevolent contribu- 
tions, in educational work, and in genuine fruits of piety and godliness. 

The church in Virginia also makes a favorable report concerning 
her condition and work. Here, too, the prosperity of the church may 
be clearly seen. There are no vacant congregations in this part of 
our territory. The relation between pastors, and pastors and people, 
is that of fraternal concord and Christian love. Increased liberality 
and active interest in missionary, Sunday-school, and educational 
work, as well as unity in doctrine and practice, are some of the evi- 
dences of deepening Christian life. We are gratified to make such a 
favorable report of our church in Virginia. 

As to the state of the church in North Carolina, your committee 
see the same evidences of Christian life and activity, so clearly evident 
in other sections of our territory. We regret to report, however, that 
there are several congregations which have no pastors to feed and care 
for ther souls. We hope that some arrangement will be made to sup- 
ply at an early day vacant pastorates and congregations. Church 
activity in all those pastorates, duly supplied with the means of grace, 
is clearly apparent. As a whole it is the opinion of your committee 
that the church in North Carolina is waking up to greater activity and 
deepening in spiritual life and devotion to the cause of Christ. 

Praying the Great Head of the Church to bless us with all grace 
and every blessing, that we may grow in holiness of heart and right- 
eousness of life to the praise of his holy name, we respectfully submit 
this paper. M. L. LJTTXE, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 
E. h. LYBRAND, 

Committee. 

Synod now considered the place and time of holding 
the next annual convention. Mt. Calvary Church, Page 



36 MINUTES OE EVANGEUCAI, EUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

County. Va., was selected as the place, and Friday, 10 A. M., 
before the fourth Sunday in October, 1890, as the time. 

Rev. Prof. M. L> Little and Mr. David Jenkins were 
excused from further attendance upon the sessions of this 
Synod. 

On motion, Synod adjourned to meet to-morrow at 9 
A. M. Rev. J. R. Peterson closed this session with prayer 
and benediction. 



SEVENTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, 9 A. M. 
The members of Synod assembled, and the President 
called upon Rev. J. R. Peterson to conduct divine services 
and offer praj^er. The roll was called, and the minutes of 
the previous session were read, received, corrected, and ap- 
proved. 

Rev. J. M. Smith read the Report of the Examining Com- 
mittee. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXAMINATION. 
We, your Committee on Examination, beg leave to submit the 
following : 

We examined Messrs. J. P. Miller, W. L> Darr, and D. I. Offman, 
and found them well qualified, sustaining the examination to the sat- 
isfaction of the committee, and we recommend that they be conse- 
crated to the sacred office of the ministry. 

The call of candidate J. T. Miller not being in due form, according 
to the requirements of Synod, brother Miller thought it best to decline 
examination at this convention. 

J. M. SMITH, 
J. C. MOSER, 
J. N. STIREWALT, 
I. CONDER. 

The report was received, the recommendation of the 
committee was sustained, and the candidates were ordained 
pastors. 



■MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 3"; 

Rev. I. Conder read the report of the committee on the 
recommendation of a Theological Professor for Concordia 
College. The report was received and adopted. 
PROFESSOR OF THEOLOGY AT CONCORDIA COLLEGE. 

We, the committee, appointed to suggest the plan to fill the chair 
in the theological professorship at Concordia College, made vacant 
by the resignation of Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner, beg leave to recommend 
that, for the present, President of College, Prof. R. A. Yoder, give such 
instructions to students in theology as time and opportunity may de- 
mand, and that he be paid for his services in this work out of the ben- 
eficiary funds. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. A. RUDISILL, 
I. CONDER, 
NOAH HAHN. 

It was moved that the column in the Parochial Report, 
acknowledging the receipt of money for the Theological Pro- 
fessor be eliminated from said Parochial Report, and that 
all money in the hands of the Treasurer of the College and 
all money hereafter collected for that purpose, shall be placed 
in the hands of the Treasurer of the Beneficiary Fund, and 
be used as beneficiary money. The motion was sustained. 

On motion, the following resolution was offered and 
adopted, with refefenoe to beneficial J. J. George : 

Resolved, That inasmuch as Synod- has information that he has 
left college before the close of the term, on account of ill health, that 
the matter of his appropriation be placed into the hands of Examining 
Committee in North Carolina. 

Pending the discussion of beneficiary appropriations, 
Synod adjourned to meet at i]4 P- M., with benediction by 
Rev. J. M. Smith. 



EIGHTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, 2 P. M. 
After the Synod was called to order, the Secretary called 
the roll. 



3$ MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SY/vOD: 

On motion, an appropriation of $75.00 was made to> 
beneficiaries A. L,. Bolick and Jacob Wike, each. The mo- 
tion prevailed. 

On motion, an appropriation of $50.00 is to be made to- 
beneficiary S. S. Keisler, at the beginning of the next schol- 
astic year, provided he meet with the approbation of the 
Examining Committee in North Carolina. This motion 
was sustained. 

Rev. J. M. Smith read the following Report of the Ex- 
amining Committee, which was received and adopted : 

REPORT OF EXAMINING ^COMMITTEE. 
The Committee of Examination held an interview with Messrs. 
D. F. Conrad, R. L. Fritz, A. R. Beck, and A. V. Sherrill. With 
these young men we are favorably impressed, and recommend that 
the}' be received by this Synod as candidates for the ministry. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. M. SMITH, 
J. C. MOSER, 

Committee. 

It was moved that an appropriation of $50.00 be made 
to beneficiaries D. F. Conrad and R. L> Fritz, each. The 
motion was sustained. 

Rev. A. L. Crouse read the Report of the Committee on 
Formula of Distribution in the Eord's Supper. This report 
was received to be spread upon the Minutes for considera- 
tion till the next convention of Synod. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON FORMULA OF DISTRIBU- 
TION IN THE LORD'S SUPPER. 

We, your special committee, charged with the consideration of 
this matter, beg to report as follows : 

Resolved 1. That it is the sense of this body that the elements in 
the Lord's Supper must be distributed with the unfailing use of Christ's 
words ; 

2. That our pastors be, and they are hereby, instructed to use the 
formula of our Synod found in its liturgy, page 80, namely : 

"Take, and eat; this is the body of your Savior, Jesus Christ, 
which is given for you ; this do in remembrance of him." 



"MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 3$ 

* 

"Take, and drink ; this is the blood of your Savior, Jesus Christ, 
which is shed for you, for the remission of sins ; this do in remem- 
brance of him." 

The words, "May it strengthen and preserve you in the true faith, 
runto life everlasting, Amen,"" may be used after the giving to the 
whole or any part of the communicants present at the altar, but never 
in the act of giving and receiving either element. 

A. L. CROUSE, 
T. MOSER, 
J. K. EFIRD. 

A vote of thanks was passed unanimously : 

Resolved, That we hereby extend our most sincere thanks to the 
•members and friends of this congregation, for the kind manner in 
'which they have received and entertained us w T hilst in their midst. 

Rev. C. H. Bernheim offered the following resolutions, 
pertaining to Missions and Pastors' Support, which have 
been adopted by the North Carolina Conference of this 
Synod. It is ordered that these resolutions be spread upon 
the Minutes of this session of the Synod, for consideration 
at the next convention, with a view of Synod also adopting 
them. 

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY THE NORTH CAROLINA 
CONFERENCE OF THE TENNESSEE SYNOD/ 

Resolved i. That all vacant congregations be placed in charge of 
the Mission Committee. 

Resolved 2. That we pastors promise our services to the best of 
our ability, to the Mission Committee, to supply those vacant congre- 
gations. 

Resolved 3. That the Mission Committee make all the appoint- 
ments as seems most feasible and profitable. 

Resolved 1. That it is the duty of every member of the church to 
help support the pastor according to his ability. 

Resolved 2. That we recommend to the Church Councils the pro- 
priety of collecting the pastor's salary by apportionment. 

Resolved 3. That the Church Councils be instructed to require 
every member of the church to contribute to the support of the Gospel 
except such as in their judgment are too poor to do so. 

Resolved 4. That we recommend the adoption of the following in 
every congregation within the bounds of the Conference. 

The officers in each congregation shall carefully determine the 



40 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOI/. 

i 

amount that can be raised by earnest effort for the support of the 
pastor, and shall pledge themselves to the pastor for said amount, and 
shall be responsible to him for its payment. 

Resolved 5. That hereafter when a pastor is called to a vacant 
charge, the Church Councils shall first settle in full either by money 
or its equivalent with their former pastor. 

Resolved 6. That no pastor shall accept such call until a satisfac- 
tory settlement be made with their former pastor. 

Resolved 7. That this action be referred to the Synod, and that 
Synod be asked to adopt the same, for its general use or plan within 
our entire bounds. 

Rev. J. C. Moser read the Report of the Synod's Mission 
Committee : 

REPORT OF SYNOD'S MISSION COMMITTEE. 

The Synod's Mission Committee present the following statement 
of their work during the past year : 

After considerable correspondence in an effort to make the best 
possible arrangement for carrying on the work of our church in 
Alabama, the committee extended a call to Rev. D. A. Sox. A call 
was also extended by the congregations. Brother Sox accepted the 
call, and began his work the first of June. He seems to be prosecuting 
the work with much energy, having a class of catechumens in each 
of his congregations. Besides preaching regularly to his own people, 
he has been actively engaged in visiting various points of interest in 
North Alabama and Georgia. He has visited Tallapoosa, Georgia, 
Anniston and Birmingham, Alabama. He, finds Lutherans in all 
these towns. In Anniston there are about fifty members of our church, 
English, Swedes, and Germans. Here he has been preaching regu- 
larly for the past four months. He had set the second Sunday of 
October to effect an organization at this place, but on account of ill- 
ness he was not able to meet the appointment. He proposes to organ- 
ize there as soon as possible. At Tallapoosa, Ga., he has found several 
Lutheran families, and others are expected soon ; and he thinks that 
an organization can be effected here ere long. In order to accomplish 
much at Birmingham, a pastor should be located there. 

The sum off , the entire amount in the treasury prior to 

the opening of this convention, has been paid our missionary, and 

$ are due him on the second quarter's salary, and should be paid 

at once. 

The committee has been encouraged by the reports of the mission- 
ary, and express the hope that the time will soon come when Synod 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 41 

will see its way clear to put an additional laborer into this important 
field. This we believe is necessary to the ultimate success of our 
missionary operations in Alabama. 

We recommend that this Synod again pledge $300 for the mainte- 
nance of its work in Alabama for the ensuing year, and that the 
Mission Board be authorized to continue their work to the best ad- 
vantage. J. C. MOSER, 

A. L. CROUSE. 

The recommendation of this committee was sustained, 
and the report was adopted. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE OF EXAMINATION WITH 
REFERENCE TO REV. SCHAID. 

*The Committee of Examination in N. C, appointed by Synod 
to hold an interview with Rev. Prof. J. G. Schaid, of Conover, N. C, 
with a view to his reception as a member of this Synod, beg leave to 
submit the following : 

This duty was performed on the 13th of November, 1889, and we 
find that he is in full accord with us in his doctrinal views, and we 
recommend that his name be placed upon the clerical roll of the Ten- 
nessee Synod. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. M. SMITH, 
J. C. MOSER. 

Rev. J. F. Moser offered the following resolutions, 
which were received and adopted : 

Resolved, That the Secretary be instructed to have 1000 copies of 
our Minutes printed. That the usual number be supplied to ministers, 
students of theology, and sister synods. 

Resolved 2. That each minister of the Synod do all in his power 
to sell these Minutes among his people. 

Resolved 3. That each minister pledges himself to raise money in 
his charge during the coming year for synodical purposes, with a view 
to a change of the plan of distributing our Minutes. 

On motion, the President appointed the following Board 
of Visitors to Concordia College : Revs. D. J. Settfemyre 
and Prof. R. H. Cline. The motion was sustained. 



*This report was received by the Secretary after his return home, 
and thinks it proper to insert it. — Secretary. 



42 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder offered the following resolution 
with reference to Rev. S. Henkel's History of the Kvang. 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod. The resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That this Synod hails with delight the forthcoming 
History of the Tennessee Synod, by Rey. S. Henkel, D. D. ; that it 
commends it to the hearty reception of its pastors and people ; and 
that it make earnest effort to sell it among our people. 

Synod adjourned to meet at the time and place selected, 
and was closed with divine service, led by the President. 

J. PAUL STIREWALT, 

Secretary. 



RELIGIOUS SERVICES. 



Opening Sermon, Rev. J. C. Moser, Friday, n A. M.; I John 5, 4, 
last clause. 

Friday, 7 P. M., Rev. E. L. Lybrand, Matt. 7, 13, 14. 

Saturday, 11 A. M., Rev. Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D., James 1, 27. 

Saturday, 7 P. M., Rev. J. F. Moser, Luke 2, 49, last clause. 

Sunday, 11 A. M., in the Church, Rev. A. L. Crouse, Deut. 30, 19. 

Sunday, 11 A. M., in the Grove, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, Rom. 5, 8, 9. 

Confession and Absolution, and the Administration of the Lord's 
Supper. 

Sunday, 2 P. M., in the Grove, Rev. I. Conder, Heb. 9, 16. 

Sunday, 2 P. M., in the Church, Rev. J. K. Efird, John 3, 7. 

Monday, 7 P. M., in the Church, Rev. J. A. Cromer, James 1, 22. 

Tuesday, 11 A. M., Ordination Sermon, Rev. T. Moser, Acts 20, 28. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 43 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 
i. — Devotional exercises by the President. 
2.— Call of Clerical Roll. 

3. — Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 
4. — Reading of President's Report. 
5. — Election of Officers. 
6. — Reception of Advisory Members. 
7. — Reception of Letters and Petitions. 
8. — Appointment of Standing Committees. 
9. — Devotion. 

OTHER DAYS, 
i. — Devotion. 
2.— Calling of Roll. 

3. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 
4. — Unfinished Business. 
5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 
6. — Report of Special Committees. 
7 . — Resolutions. 
8. — New Business. 
9. — Devotion. 



LIST OF CHURCHES IN CONNECTION WITH THE EVAN- 
GELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ALABAMA. 

Cleburne County. — St. Michael. 
Calhoun County. — Zion. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 
Lexington County. — Zion, St. Peter (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Immanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethle- 
hem, St. Thomas. 

Richland County. — St. Andrew, Mt. Tabor. 
NORTH CAROLINA. 

Alamance County. — Mt. Pleasant. 
Alexander County. — Friendship, Salem, Shiloh. 
Burke County. — Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 
Caldwell County. — Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Lutz. 



44 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Cabarrus County. — St. Martin, Lutheran Union. 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. 
Paul, St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, 
Bethel, St. Timothy, Mt. Olive. 

Cleveland County. —St. Matthew. 

Davidson County. — Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem, 
Holly Grove. 

Gaston County. — St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

Iredell County. — Sharon, St. Martin. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinity, Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon. 

Mecklenburg County. — Morning Star. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthon. 

Rowan County. — Mt. Moriah, St. Mark, Phanuel. 

Stanley County. — St. Martin. 

UN40N County. — Emmanuel, St. Luke. 

Watauga County. — Valle Crusis, Mt. Pleasant. 

VIRGINIA. 

Augusta County. — Bethlehem, St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. — Bethany (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, 
Trinity, St. Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel. 

Prince William County. — Bethel. 

Page County. — St. Paul, St. William (Fairview), Grace, Mt. Cal- 
vary, Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. 
Mary (Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, 
St. Stephen, St. David, Mt. Calvary, Morning Star. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 

Total number, 105. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELIC AI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 45 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved i. That each of our pastors is required to present to his 
people the educational and missionary work of Synod, to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, to take up in each of his congre- 
gations collections for the general work of the Church, and to report 
at each regular convention of our Synod ; and that in the case of pas- 
tors failing to do this, inquiry shall be made, and unless satisfactory 
reasons be rendered, such pastor, after the first and second admonition, 
may be subject to the censure of this Synod. 

Resolved 2. That the Council of each congregation be requested 
to send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written Report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechis- 
ing those who propose to become members of our communion, previous 
to their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, and rather 
a loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the Church, with- 
out the slightest examination of them in regard to their religious 
knowledge and other qualifications for church membership, has been 
practiced by some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved 3. That we earnestly recommend all our ministers and 
congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all 
who make application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, 
by Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous 
to their confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when per- 
sons of age and experience make application, or such young persons as 
have been so favorably situated as to have had opportunities to become 
acquainted with and to have informed themselves of our doctrines and 
customs, seek church privileges, we recommend that their request be 
granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have been examined by 
the pastor, before the council, and have been approved by them. 

Resolved 4. That the ministers of our connection be requested to 
endeavor to get up and encourage Sunday-schools in all their congre- 
gations and report their success to the Committee on the State of the 
Church, some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 5. That the Committee on the State of the Church be re- 
quired to make every reasonable effort, during the Synodical year, to 



46 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNODI. 

ascertain the condition of all the congregations in our connection, and 
report the same to the annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 6. That it be the duty of the President, with the consent 
of the pastor elect and congregation, to appoint a committee of instal- 
lation, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in our Synod,, 
to perform this ceremony. 

Resolved 7. That no minister be excused who does not sufficiently 
respect Synod as to send directly to it the reasons for his absence. 

Resolved 8. That we hereby establish a Synodical Fund, to be 
raised by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which 
all contingent expenses of Synod are to be met. 

Resolved 9. That hereafter the expenses of corresponding delegates, 
to sister Synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 

Resolved 10. That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our Min- 
isters to ask their Congregations to defray their expenses in attending 
the meetings of our Synod. 

Resolved 11. That the ministers connected with this Synod, when 
absent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending in 
their reports to Synod. 

Resolved 12. That the Mission Work of this Synod be transferred 
to the several Conferences. 

Resolved 13. That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestly 
and actively in this work under such regulations as may to them seem 
best. 

Resolved i#. That the chairmen of the Executive Committee of 
Missions in our Conferences be, and are hereby, required to report an- 
nually to Synod a full, written report of the Missionary work of their 
bodies during the year. 

Resolved 75. That the reports of the Conferences in regard to 
Mission Work, be referred to the Committee on the State of the Church. 

Resolved 16. That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in 
their power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, 
lecturing, and catechisation, with a view sooner or later of getting men 
of their own color to look after the spiritual interests of their race in 
connection with the Lutheran church. 

Whereas, It is meet and right that the dignity, sacredness, and 
solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and 
in order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved 77. That Synod recommend, that all applicants for ex- 
amination and ordination, and for whom there are petitions to Synod 
from a congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination 



IviINTjTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 47 

and ordination, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services 
on the part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some 
session of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and, if 
found qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further 

Resolved iS. That it is the sentiment of this Synod, that this rec- 
ommendation should be acquiesced in, in all possible cases, as the or- 
der of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved ig. That, with a view of establishing proper relations be- 
tween Concordia College, situated at Conover, N. C, and the Evangeli- 
cal Lutheran Tennessee Synod, we, in meeting assembled, agree, i. 
that, whenever a vacancy, or vacancies, occur, either by death, resig- 
nation, or removal, in the Board of Trustees or in the Faculty, the said 
Synod shall have the right as well as the privilege to recommend a 
suitable person, or persons, to fill such vacancy or vacancies ; 2. that the 
Synod shall have the right to appoint a Board of Visitors, whose duty 
it shall be annually to visit said school, and make such report of the 
condition of the school to each session of the Synod, as be deemed 
most advantageous ; 3. that it shall be the duty of the President of the 
Faculty to make a report annually to Synod, relative to moral and 
literary condition of the school, which report shall also be signed by 
the secretary of the faculty ; 4. that the President of the Board of Trus- 
tees shall also make an annual report to Synod, in regard to the finan- 
cial condition of the school, which report shall likewise be signed by 
the secretary of the Board of Trustees ; 5. that this school shall be 
continued and conducted as a church institution, under such rules and 
regulations, as may be instituted by the Board of Trustees, in accord- 
ance with the charter, and the Confessions of the Church as set forth 
in the Christian Book of Concord, each teacher, instructor, or profes- 
sor, taking an obligation not to teach anything in said school that is 
contrary to said Confessions. 

These stipulations or propositions shall be valid and in force, pro- 
vided the said Synod shall acquiesce, and is disposed to lend said insti- 
tution its fostering care and encouragement, as well as its influence 
and moral force ; provided, that if the Synod shall fail, after notice, to 
recommend, in due time, a suitable person or persons to fill such va- 
cancy or vacancies, the proper authorities of said institution shall pro- 
ceed to fill such vacancy or vacancies. 

Resolved 20. That we, as a Synod, accept the propositions made 
to us by the Board of Trustees of Concordia College, and that in con- 
sideration of the rights and privileges therein granted, we will lend to 
said institution our fostering care, influence, and moral support. — See 
Minnies 0/1883, P a g e J 8- 



48 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Resolved 21. That our beneficiaries and students of theology shall 
neither preach nor absent themselves from their recitations without 
special permission of the faculty of Concordia College, and that we 
advise that they preach not more than once a month. 

Resolved 22. That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, 
consulting with the pastor loci, to arrange for the Sunday-school serv- 
ices, to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, by 
appointing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting subjects, 
and informing the speakers of their selection at least two months pre- 
vious to each meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 23. That the President and Secretary of this Synod be 
hereafter the Standing Board of Missions. 



'"' ^ : . v O 



%-JfZs 



PAROCHIAL :R,:e:PO:R,T. 



Alabama Missions. *&§= 



Other Objects. 



Current Expenses. 



Synodical Fund. 



Foreign Missions. *|@= 



Home Missions.tfc^ 



Beneficiary Ejducat-nU 



S. S. Scholars. 



S. S. Teachers. 



Sunday Schools. 



Expulsions. 



Deaths. 



Transfers. 



Received by Letter. 



Confirmations. 



Infant Baptisms. 



Adult Baptisms. 



Souls. 



Communicants. 



ON . ^00 CO -<d- 



Congregations. 



<N COO N Tf00 O 0) LOMD 

t-t CO H COM M N M 



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m O O O On 



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t t t t -r i/". >n ir. \r, \r.\o r--i>-r-.r^r^r-r-^r-- i>- r--x t x x cc cc cc cc cc x x 
cc cc x x cc x xxx x x x x x x x x x x x o: x x x x x x x x x x co 







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INDEX. 



PAGE. 

Alabama Mission Receipts 14 

Alabama Mission Disbursements 15 

Applicants 34 

Beneficiaries 4 

Beneficiary Fund— Treasurer's Report 9 

Beneficiary Appropriations ■ . 37-38 

Board of Visitors to Concordia College 41 

Candidates for the Ministry 4 

Committees to Report during this Convention 9 

Committee to Secure Funds for Erecting New College Build- 
ings at Conover, N. C 33 

Committee of Conference with Messrs. Henkel & Co 33 _ 34 

Dedications 7 

Flection of Officers 8 

Expenses of Delegates to United Synod at Wilmington, N. C. 24 

Foreign Mission Receipts 13 

Foreign Mission Disbursements 14 

Form for Parochial Report 23 

Home Mission Receipts 13 

Home Mission Disbursements 13 

Installation 6 

Lay-Delegates 5 

List of Congregations 43~44 

Mission Board of Synod 2 

Ministerial Roll 3 

Missions 8 

New Organizations 6 

Officers of Synod 2 

Order of Business 43 

Place and Time of Next Convention 2 

President's Report 5-8 

Pastoral Changes and Vacancies 7 

Preamble and Resolutions with Reference to Charlotte Female 

Seminary 29 

Professor of Theology at Concordia College . . . . ■ 37 

Parochial Report 49 

Report of Assistant Treasurer Beneficiary Fund n 



INDEX. 5 1 

PAGE. 

Report of the Treasurer of Theological Fund 15 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions 16-18 

Report of Committee on President's Report 20 

Report of Committee on Examination 20 

Report of Secretary Board Trustees Concordia College .... 21 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business 21-22 

Report of Committee on Revised Course of Study for Private 

Students of Theology 22 

Report of Committee on Settlement of Expenses of Delegates 

to United Synod at Savannah 24 

Report of Committee on Church Institutions 25 

Report of Visiting Committee to Concordia College 26 

Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report 26 

Report of President of Concordia College 27 

Report of Committee to Report on Visiting Committee to Con- 
cordia College 28 

Report of Delegate to South Carolina Synod 29 

Resolutions of Respect to the Memory of Rev. Dr. P. C. Henkel 30 

Report of Committee on Missions 31 

Report of S. C. Conference of Tennessee Synod 31 

Report of Mission Work in North Carolina 31 

Report of Mission Work in Virginia 32 

Report of Committee on State of the Church 35 

Report of Committee on Examination 36 

Report of Examining Committee 38 

Report of Committee on Formula of Distribution of the Lord's 

Supper 38-39 

Resolutions adopted by the N. C. Conference of Teun. Synod 39-40 

Report of Synod's Mission Committee 40 

Report of Committee of Examination with reference to Rev. 

Schaid 41 

Religious Services 42 

Standing Committees 2 and 9 

Special Committee on Church Discipline 16 

Standing Resolutions 45~48 

Treasurer's Report 12-15 

Vote of Thanks 39 



-OFFICE ESTABLISHED 1S06 BY REV. AMBROSE HENKEL. 



3STIETWS, 



^HENKEL & CO.,* 

BOOK, A^P JOB PRIITTERS, 



NEW MARKET, SHENANDOAH COUNTY, VA. 



PUBLISHERS OF THE FOLLOWING BOOKS: 



Luther's Church Postil ; or, Ser- 
mons oil the Epistles for the different 
Sundays and Festivals of the Church 
Year, complete, 550 large pages, 
bound in cloth fi-75 

The same, bound in sheep .... 2.00 

Infant Church Membership — Bap- 
tism and The Mode of Christl\n 
Baptism, by Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D., 
90 large pages, bound in paper . . 35c. 

Unitarian s — Rev. David Henkel 
against the Unitarians — a Treatise on 
the Person and Incarnation of Jesus 
Christ 35c. 

Grades in the Ministry, with re- 
marks on the Ministerial Office and 
Ordination, by Rev. Jacob Stirewalt, 
and a Sketch of the Autbor's Life 75c. 

Christ's Descent Into Hell, bv Rev. 
P. C. Henkel, D. D '. 10c. 

A Sermon on Immortality, second 
edition, 32 pages, large type, by Rev. 
P. C. Henkel, D. D 10c. 

The two bound together in cloth . . 40c. 
(The "Sermon on Immortalit}'" 
should be read before "Christ's Des- 
cent Into Hell," or in connection with 
it, for the better understanding of the 
latter named sermon. ) 

History of the Evangelical Lu- 
theran Tennessee Synod, embrac- 
ing an Account of the Causes which 
gave Rise to its Organization ; Its Po- 
sition and Confessional Basis ; Object, 
Work, Publications ; and Different 

. Sessions, with Obituary Notices of De- 
ceased Ministers. By Rev. Socrates 
Henkel, D. D. It will contain about 
300 pages, and will be issued soon. — 
Subscriptions received now . . . $1.25 

Luther's Parents, Birth and Edu- 
cation, and a Sermon on Justifi- 
cation, by Rev. A. L. Crouse— former 
price 25 cts. — reduced to 15c. 



Enchiridion ; or, The Small Cate- 
chism of Dr. Martin Luther, for 
laymen and ministers, to which is ap- 
pended a selection of Hymns and 
Prayers, adapted to Catechetical In- 
struction and Family Devotion. Fifth 
edition. A most excellent book 15c. 
Per dozen copies, well bound . . $1.50' 
A Christian Catechism for Little 
Children — third edition — by Rev. 
A. L. Crouse, (single copy 5 cts.) per 

dozen 45c. 

Order of Conducting Sunday- 
schools, by Rev. A. L. Crouse, price 

per dozen 12c. 

]^S"All books sent postpaid on re- 
ceipt of price. Stamps received. 
Our Church Paper, weekly, Lutheran 
Newspaper, 28 columns, per year 1.60 
Shenandoah Valley, weekly, Family 
and Local Newspaper, per 3-ear 1.60 
The two to same address, one 3 T ear, 2.50 



Subscriptions for the " Book of Con- 
cord " Solicited. — Efforts are now being 
made to publish a cheap edition of the 
Christian Book of Concord, pro- 
vided the undertaking will meet the 
necessary encouragement. To sub- 
scribers the price is to be, postpaid : 
$2.25 in Cloth Binding; $2.50 in Leather 
Binding. 

The revised (New Market) edition, 
published in the year 1S54, is to be 
subjected to a searching revision, by 
competent persons, and the book pre- 
sented in good form. 

Subscriptions are desired at an early 
date, to ascertain if a sufficient number 
is obtainable to insure the publication 
of the book. 

The amounts of subscriptions will 
not be required, until after the publi- 
cation of the work, if published. - Ad- 
dress above. 



OUR CHURCH PAPER. — Efforts are now being made to reduce the subscription price 
of "Our Church Paper" from $1.60 to $1.00 per year cash in advance, if 800 new subscribers 
can be added to its present subscription list. Subscriptions earnestly desired at an early 
date. The different ministers will take such subscriptions. For particulars, consult your 
minister, or address the above. 



MINUTES 



OF THE 



SEVENTIETH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



OF THE 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



TENNESSEE SYNOD, 



HEED IN 



NIT. CALVARY CHURCH, STONY MAW, PAGE CO., VA. 



OCTOBER 24-27, 1890. 



Henkel & Co., Printers. New Market, Va.: 
Office of "Our Church Paper," "Shenandoah Valley," &c. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President— Rev. Prof. W. P. CLINE Hex, N. C. 

REC Sec'y— Rev. R. H. CLINE New Market, Va. 

Cor. Sec'y— Rev. P. C. WIKE Maurertown, Va. 

Treasurer— REV. J. N. STIREWALT Stony Man, Va. 

Treas. Bene. Fund— Rev. Prof. R. A. YODER . Conover, N. C. 
ASST. Treas. Bene. Fund— Rev. S. Henkee, D. D.New Market, Va. 



MISSION BOARD OF THE SYNOD. 



Rev. W. P.. CLINE and Rev. R. H. CLINE. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON STA TE OF THE CHURCH. 

Rev. J. P. STIREWALT, Rev. J. F. MOSER, and 

Rev. J. A. CROMER. 

ON EX AM IN A TION. 

Rev. Prof. R. A. YODER, Rev. J. N. STIREWALT, 

Rev. A. L. CROUSE, Rev. J. K. EFIRD, 

Rev. E. L. LYBRAND, Rev. I. CONDER. 



PLACE AND TIME OF NEXT CONVENTION. 



St. Paul's Church, Lexington Co., S. C, was chosen as the place, 
and Friday, 10 A. M., before the second Sunday in October, 1891, as 
the time. 




^b 



--^U-^Jc>J 



MINUTES 

OF THE 

SEVENTIETH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 



FIRST SESSION. 



Mt. Calvary Church, 

Stony Man, Page Co., Va., 
Friday, October 24, 1890. 
The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met in 
her seventieth annual convention with Mt. Calvary con- 
gregation, Stony Man, Page Co., Va., at 10 A. M., October 
24, 1890. 

The President, Rev. A. L- Crouse, preached the open- 
ing sermon, from Phil. 3, 16. The clerical roll was called, 
and the names of the pastors present were enrolled. 
The congregational roll was called and corrected. 
The names of the delegates, after presenting their 
certificates of election, were also enrolled. 

MINISTERIAL ROLL. 

PASTORS. POST-OFFICES. 

Rev. J. R. Peterson * Dallas, N. C. 

" T. Moser* Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

" S. Henkel, D. D.* New Market, Va. 

" C. H. Bernheim* Conover, N. C. 

" D. Efird* Lexington, S. C. 

" J. M. Sinithf Conover, N. C. 

" Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D.* Concord, N. C. 

" Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D Luray, Va. 

" I. Conder McGaheysville, Va. 

" J. N. Stirewalt Stony Man, Va. 



* Absent and excused, f Absent and not excused. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Rev 









" 



. A. L. Crouse Hickory, N. C. 

J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

Prof. M. L. Little Dallas, N. C. 

J. C. Moser Hickory, N. C. 

J. K. Efird Rightwell, S. C. 

J. A. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

E. L. Lybrand Summit Point, S. C. 

Prof. R. A. Yoder Conover, N. C. 

J. S. Koiner Culpeper C. H., Va. 

D. A. Sox* Edwardsville, Ala. 

D. A. Goodman t Happy Home, N. C. 

J. W. Hausenfluck Alma, Va. 

Prof. W. P. Cline Ilex, N. C. 

D. J. Settlernyre f New Sterling, N. C. 

J. A. Rudisill Henry, N. C. 

R. H. Cline New Market, Va. 

P. C. Wike Maurertown, Va. 

D. C. Huffman * Hickory, N. C. 

Prof. J. G. Schaid* Conover, N. C. 

J. P. Price t Concord, N. C. 

J. F. Moser Monroe, N. C. 

W. L. Darr Chapin, S. C. 

D. I. Offman Julian, N. C. 

J. P. Miller* Conover, N. C. 



CANDIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

J. T. Miller Conover, N. C. 

J. T. Craps Lewiedale, S. C. 

G. E. Long Prosperity, S. C. 

A. R. Beck Ilex, N. C. 

W. H. Roof Columbia, S. C. 

A. V. Sberrill . Hickory, N. C. 



BENEFICIARIES. 

J. J. George Conover, N. C. 

S. S. Keisler Ops, Arkansas. 

Jacob Wike Moretz Mills, N. C. 

D. F. Conrad Ilex, N. C. 

A. L. Boliek Cbina Grove, N. C. 

R. L. Fritz j Ilex, N. C. 



* Absent and excused. | Absent and not excused. 



MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



LAY-DELEGATES. 

David J. Mathias— Emmanuel, Zion, St. Peter's (Meetze's), St. 
Andrew's, S. C. 

D. C. Boland— St. Peter's (P. W.), S. C. 

James T. Miller— St. John's, St. Timothy, N. C. 

Haley Myers— Pilgrim's, Emmanuel, Holly Grove, Beck's, New 
Jerusalem, N. C. 

C. J. Deal— Mt. Moriah, N. C, 

A. L. Boliek— St. Mark's, N. C. 

George T. Sillings— St. Paul's, Va. 

A. J. Huffman — Alma, Fairview, Va. 

John B. Lucas — Mt. Calvary, Va. 

George Sours — Grace, Va. 

George W. Printz — Morning Star, Va. 

John W. Myers— St. Mary's (Pine), Va. 

H. G. Swartz— St. Matthew's, Va. 

George P. H. Liudamood — Mt. Calvary, Va. 

John D. Kite— St. Paul's, Va. 

Lorenzo Shipe — St. David's, Va. 

J. F. Miller— Bethany, Va. 

James J. Miller — Powder Springs, Va. 

William Orndorf— St. Stephen's, Va. 

John B. Hess— Mt. Zion, Va. 

George W. Minuick — Solomon's, Va. 

Samuel B. Arehart — Rader's, Va. 

Isaac Miller — St. Paul's, Va. 

Elon O. Henkel — Emmanuel's, Va. 

The President, Rev. A. L,. Crouse, read his annual 
report, which was to be referred to a committee yet to be 
appointed. 

PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

Fathers and Brethren : — Another synodical year has been 
taken away from our future and added to the past. One more year 
of labor in the Master's vineyard has been performed ; how well our 
Lord knoweth. Our mistakes cannot now be changed, but they may, 
if we allow, warn us against a repetition, and make us more watchful. 
Our successes have all been of God, and to him alone be glory while 
we praise him for the joy over sinners who repented, and whom God 
has, through us, brought into his kingdom of grace. 

To the praise of God's glorious grace, by which he supplies us 
with pastors, we feel constrained to note that during the last two de- 



6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

cades of our history very few of our young and middle aged ministers 
have been called away to their reward, but we should be humbled by 
our loss of some of our fathers of ripest learning and experience. Last 
year Father Henkel was taken from us, and this year Father Wetzel 
has been permitted to follow him. He died March 3, 1890. Let us 
remember that God knows how to deal with us all, and when to call 
each of us, so that we be zealous in every good word and work, and 
each vigilant in his watch-tower on Zion's wall. 

OFFICIAL ACTS. 
Soon after the adjournment of the last meeting of our Synod, I 
issued an order to our Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund for the payment 
to beneficiaries A. L. Boliek and Jacob Wike of $75 each, and of $50 
to beneficiary R. L. Fritz, according to the appropriation of Synod. 
The Treasurer's report will show whether all has been paid. I also, 
early in this year, gave an order on the Treasurer for the amount of 
$16.53 due Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner for teaching theology in our College. 
Recently I gave an order on the Treasurer for $5 to beneficiary S. S. 
Keisler. At different times during the year, I ordered our Treasurer, 
Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, to pay our Alabama Missionary, Rev. D. A. Sox, 
all the money which he had on hand, at no time going beyond the 
appropriation of Synod. This will be more fully explained in the re- 
port of the Board of Missions. 

INSTALLATIONS. 

I have heard that Rev. C. H. Bernheim was installed, the fifth 
Sunday in March, 1890, during a meeting of the North Carolina Con- 
ference in St. John's church, as pastor of St. John's and St. Timothy, 
Catawba Co., and Philadelphia, Caldwell Co., N. C. 

Having received and accepted a call to St. Stephen's and Mt. 
Olive congregations, Catawba Co., N. C, made vacant by the death 
of Rev. P. C. Henkel, D. D., I requested Rev. J. C. Moser to install 
me, which service he attended to in St. Stephen's church, March 
1, 1890. 

On the fourth Sunday in March, 1890, I installed Rev. J. K. Efird 
as pastor of St. Peter's (P. W.) and St. John's congregations, Lexing- 
ton Co., S. C, the service being held in St. Peter's church. 

On the fifth Sunday in March, 1890, in St. Jacob's church, I in- 
stalled Rev. W. L. Darr as pastor of St. Jacob's, St. Thomas, and 
Bethlehem congregations, Lexington Co., S. C. 

On the third Sunday in April, 1890, I installed as pastor of Morn- 
ing Star, Mecklenburg Co., Emmanuel and St. Luke's, Union Co., N. 
C, Rev. J. F. Moser, the service being held in Morning Star church. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

The pastorate, composed of Melanchthon, Randolph Co., Mt. 
Pleasant, Alamance Co., and Coble's, Guilford Co., N. C, having 
called Rev. D. I. Offman as its pastor, I installed him the fourth Sun- 
day in May, 1890. The service was held in Melanchthon church. 

In June of this year, I authorized Rev. J. N. Stirewalt to install 
Rev. J. S. Koiner, who had received and accepted a call to Mt. Nebo, 
Madison Co., and Bethel, Prince William Co., Va., and also to the 
work of missionary in that part of Virginia. This he did the fifth 
Sunday in June, 1890, in Mt. Nebo church. 

Other pastoral changes have been made, but no installations have 
been asked for. I direct the attention of all to our sixth standing 
resolution. 

RESIGNATIONS AND CALLS. 

In December, 1889, I resigned my charge in Virginia, composed 
of Bethel, Rockingham Co., and Powder Springs, St. Jacob's, and 
Zion, Shenandoah Co., and accepted a call to Mt. Olive and St. Ste- 
phen's, Catawba Co., N. C. Rev. R. H. Cliue received and accepted 
a call to my former pastorate, having resigned and left vacant the 
China Grove pastorate in North Carolina, which has since called can- 
didate A. L. Boliek, for whose ordination a petition will doubtless be 
presented. 

Rev. S. Heukel, D. D., resigned Mt. Calvary congregation, Shen- 
andoah Co., Va., and it has extended a call to Rev. P. C. Wike, who 
took charge of it in July of this year. 

Candidate Jacob Wike has received and accepted a call to Friend- 
ship and Mt. Pleasant congregations, Watauga Co., N. C. A petition 
for his ordination will be presented to Synod. 

Candidate J. T. Miller has received and accepted a call to St. 
Michael's congregation, Cleburne Co., Alabama. A petition for his 
ordination will be presented. 

Rev. J. R. Peterson has resigned St. Luke, Gaston Co., N. C. 

Rev. Prof. J. G. Schaid has accepted a call to the congregations 
in Newton and Glen Alpine, N. C. 

Other calls have been noted in the report of installations. 

OFFICIAL LETTERS RECEIVED. 

Some time in May of this year, I received a letter from Rev. Geo, 
H. Cox, President of the North Carolina Synod, extending to our 
body the fraternal greetings of that synod. 

Some time in April of this year, I received a letter from Geo. B. 
Cromer, Esq., Newberry, S. C, Secretary of the Board of Directors of 
the Theological Seminary of the United Synod, notifying me that the 



8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

annual quota of our Synod's indebtedness to that institution had been 
fixed at $540. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

1. That a committee be appointed to prepare and submit resolu- 
tions upon the death of Rev. H. Wetzel. 

2. That the Synod instruct its Secretary to reply in a friendly way 
to the letter of the President of the North Carolina Synod. 

3. That we decline to pay the amount asked for for the support of 
the United Synod's Theological Seminary, until that body shall have 
removed the barriers to our co-operation in such work, and we more 
clearly recognize the advisability of sustaining that institution. 

4. That our Committee on Missions be discontinued, and its work 
be done by the Board of Missions. 

5. That a practical course in literature and theology be provided 
for in our College, for students who have not time to take a full course, 
both in college and a theological seminary. 

Dear brethren, please pardon me if I have offended any, excuse 
all my weaknesses and mistakes, and rest assured that I pray for God's 
richest blessing to rest upon you. A. L. CROUSE, 

President E. L. Tenn. Synod. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

The result of the election was as follows : 
Rev. Prof W. P. Cline, President. 
Rev. R. H. Cline, Recording Secretary. 
Rev. P. C. Wike, Corresponding Secretary. 
Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, Treasurer. 
Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, Treas. Bene. Fund. 
Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Asst. Treas. Bene. Fund. 
Revs. J. C. Moser and W. L,. Darr were appointed by 
the President to classify all letters and petitions addressed 
to Synod. 

Synod adjourned for one hour. Benediction by Rev. 
J. C. Moser. 



SECOND SESSION. 



Friday, i P. M. 
Synod was called to order by the President. Secre- 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

tary called the roll. The President appointed the fol- 
lowing 

STANDING COMMITTEES. 

/. On the State of the Church. — Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, 
ReV J. F. Moser, Rev. J. A. Cromer. 

II. On Examination. — Rev. R. A. Yoder, Rev. J. N. 
Stirewalt, Rev. A. F. Crouse, Rev. J. K. Efird, Rev. E. F. 
Fybrand, Rev. I. Conder. 

COMMITTEES TO REPORT DURING THIS CONVENTION. 
/. On Letters and Petitions. — Rev. J. F. Moser, Rev. 
W. F- Darr, C. J. Deal. 

II. On Unfinished Business. — Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck, 
Rev. F. F. Lybrand, C. J. Deal. 

III. On Treasurer' s Report. — Rev. J. A. Rudisill, J. 
T. Miller, Harvey G. Swartz. 

IV. On President' s Report. — Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, Rev. 
P. C. Wike, A. F. Boliek. 

V. On Church Institutions. — Rev. A. F- Crouse, Rev. 
I. Conder, J. D. Fucas. 

VI. On Missions.— Rev. J. C. Moser, Rev. D. I. Off- 
man, John W. Myers. 

By request of the President, the Treasurer of 
the Beneficiary Fund read the following report of the 
former Treasurer of said fund : 

TREASURER'S REPORT— BENEFICIARY FUND. 
J. M. SMITH, Treasurer Beneficiary Fund, 
In account with the 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1889. Dr. 

Nov. S. To balance on hand at close of Synod $ 87 82 

Nov. 8. To amt. from St. Stephen's 727 

Nov. 8. To amt. from Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge : Mt. 

Calvary, $3.00 ; Morning Star, $2.00 5 00 

Nov. 8. To amt. from Rev. J. A. Rudisill's charge : Sardis, 
$4.00; Bethphage, $4.00; Trinity, $6.00 ; Dan- 
iel's, $4.50 18 00 



TO MINUTES OP EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Nov. 8. To amt. from Rev. E. L. Lybrand's charge : Cedar 

Grove, $5.00 ; St. Paul's, $5.00 ; St. James, $1.71 11 71 
Nov. 8. To amt. from Rev. J. P. Price's charge : Lutheran 

Union, $3.38 ; St. Martin's, $9. 15 1253 

Nov. 8. To amt. from Rev. C. H. Bernheim's charge : — 

Philadelphia, $7. 65 ; St. John's, $2.50 io«5 

Nov. 9. To amt. from Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge : St. 

Peter's, $6.00 ; Emmanuel's, $2.00 ; St. James, 

$1.50; Wingard's School-house, 50c 10 00 

Nov. 11. To amt. from Rev. I. Conder's charge 3 25 

Nov. 11. To amt. from St. Martin's, Stanly 3 00 

Nov. 11. To amt. from Rev. W. h. Darr's charge: St. 

Thomas, $1.65; St. Jacob's, $9.60; by W. L. 

Darr, $1.00 12 25 

Nov. 12. To amt. from Rev. W. P. Cline's charge 13 50 

Nov. 25. To amt. from Glen Alpine, by Prof Schaid .... 2 50 

Dec. 16. To amt. from Rev. J. K. Efird's charge 7 65 

Dec. 17. To amt. from Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge: St. James, 

$10.00 ; Salem, $5.00 ; Grace, $5.00 20 00 

1890. 

Jan. 18. To amt. from Rev. J. M. Smith's charge : St. Paul's, 

$4.00; Bethel, $2.00 6 00 

Mar. 1. To amt. from former Treas. Theo. Fund, as per 

order of Synod, to be transferred to Bene. Fund 

— balance in his hand 2 00 

Feb. 14. To amt. from Sharon, $10.00; and from Rev. Set- 

tlemyre's charge : St. Martin's, $10.00 20 00 

April 30. To amt. from Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge, Zion, S. C. 5 00 

June 3. To amt. from Rev. W. P. Cline 2 55 

Sept. 9. To amt from Rev. J. C. Moser's charge : Holy 

Trinity, $2.00 ; Zion, $2.00 ; Newton, $1.50. . . 5 50 
Sept. 9. To amt. from St. Stephen's, $4.50; St. Stephen's 

Sunday-school, $1.70 — Rev. Crouse's charge . . 6 20 

Sept. 9. To amt. from Shiloh, by Rev. J. P. Miller 2 00 

Oct. 8. To amt. from Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge : Christ's, 

$6.00; Mt. Holly, $5.00 ... 11 00 

Oct. 9. To amt. from Mt. Pleasant, by Mr. Jacob Wike . . 2 50 
Oct. 14. To amt. from Mt. Olive, Rev. Crouse's charge ... 2 60 
Oct. 14. To amt. from Rev. J. C. Moser's charge : Holy 

Trinity, $10.00 ; Zion, $10.00 20 00 

Oct. 18 and 20. To amt. from Rev. C. H. Bernheim's ch. : 

St. Timothy, $3.95 ; St. John's, $5.05 9 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. II 

Oct. 20. To amt. from Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge : St. James, 

$10.00 ; Grace, $3.00 ; Salem, $4.00 17 00 

Oct. 21. To amt. from Rey. J. D. Settlemyre's charge : Sha- 
ron, $5.00 ; St. Martin's, $5.00 10 00 

Total receipts 345 9S 

Paid out 216 08 

Balance in treasury Oct. 22, 1890 $129 90 

1889. Cr. 

Nov. 22. By cash to A. L. Boliek $ 25 00 

Dec. 21. By cash to A. L,. Boliek 15 00 

April 8. By cash to A. L. Boliek 35 00 

His appropriation in full $ 75 00 

Nov. 22. By cash to Jacob Wike | 15 00 

1890. 

April 24. By cash to Jacob Wike 20 00 

May 23. By cash to Jacob Wike 27 00 

Did not take up all his appropriation, lacking $13. $ 62 00 

1890. 

Jan. 11. By cash to R. D. Fritz 10 00 

Feb. 15. By cash to R. L. Fritz . 15 00 

April 14. By cash to R. D. Fritz 5 00 

June 3. By cash to R. D. Fritz 2 55 

I 32 55 

Feb. 4. To Prof. J. S. Koiner, as theo. teacher. . . $ 16 53 

Sept. 26. By cash to S. S. Keisler 5 00 

Oct. 21. By cash to J. J. George 25 00 

$ 46 53 

Total amount paid out $216 08 

J. M. SMITH, 
Treasurer Beneficiary Fund. 

REPORT OF ASSISTANT TREASURER OF BENEFICIARY 

FUND. 

SOCRATES HENKED, In Account with the 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1889. Dr. 

Nov. 5. To amt. due on last settlement, at date $ 30 04 

Nov. 27. To amt. from Rev. Crouse, per Henkel & Co. ... 1 38 
To error in Rev. Crouse's Orkney Springs ch., amt. 50 

Jan. 16. To check per Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, Rev. Dr. J. I. 

Miller's charge 12 00 



12 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Mar. 4. To amt. from Rev. D. A. Sox, per Rev. J. N. Stire- 

walt 5 00 

Mar. 19. To amt. from Rev. R. H. Cline, his former charge, 

per Rev. J. P. Stirewalt 15 00 

1890. 

Oct. 20. Subject to the Treasurer's order $63 92 

S. HENKEL, Assistant Treasurer. 
The Treasurer read the following report : 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

J. N. STIREWALT, In Account with the 

Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

1889. 1890. 

Nov. 8. June 25. To amt. received for Minutes $79 61 

1S89. 

Dec. 19. To printing and binding 1000 copies Minutes of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tenn. Synod, 51 }4 pages, 
$1.50 per page 77 25 

Dec. 19. To postage and express on Minutes 9 60 

Total cost of Minutes $86 85 

1890. 

Jan. 6. By amt. p'd Henkel & Co., printing Minutes $53 38 

Mar. 4. By amt. p'd Henkel & Co., printing Minutes 14 64 

May 20. By amt. p'd Henkel & Co., printing Minutes 475 

June 4. By amt. p'd Henkel & Co., printing Minutes 4 50 

Sept. 29. By amt. p'd Henkel & Co., printing Minutes 2 34 

Total amt. paid Henkel & Co., on printing Minutes $79 61 

Bal. due Henkel & Co., on Minutes of last year . 7 24 
Bal. due Henkel & Co., on Minutes 18S7 and 1888 . 17 52 

Total amount due Henkel & Co $24 76 

ALABAMA MISSION RECEIPTS. 
1889. 

Nov. 8. To amt. rec'd of Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge — -Salem 

church, $3 ; Grace, $5— total $800 

Nov. 8. To amt. rec'd of Rev. E. L- Lybrand's charge — Cedar 

Grove, $4 ; St. Paul's, $3 ; St. James, $3 — total . . 10 00 

Nov. 8. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge-St. Peter's 

(Meetze) $5 ; Emmanuel, $3 ; St. Andrews, $2 — total 10 00 

Nov. 10. To amt. rec'dof Rev. J. A. Rudisill's charge 10 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

Nov. 10. To amt. rec'd of Rev. W. L. Darr's charge — St. 
Thomas, $2 80 ; St. Jacob's, $7 20 ; one whose name 

not to be published, $5 — total 15 00 

Dec. 16. To amt. of Mt. Zion church, Caldwell Co., N. C, per 

Rev. J. S. Koiner 2 15 

Dec. 27. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. K. Efird's charge 18 40 

1890. 

Jan. 13. To amt. rec'd of Rer. L. A. Bickle's charge, per Rev. 

A. L. Crouse 10 00 

Jan. 30. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. K. Efird's charge 25 

Feb. 1. To amt. rec'd of Rev. M. L. Little's charge — St. 
Mark's, $4 59 ; Luther Chapel, $4 45 ; St. John's, 

$2 63 ; Antioch, $1 41 — total 13 oS 

Feb. 1. To amt. rec'd of D. Hallmau, personal 1 00 

Feb. 13. To amt. rec'd of Rev. W. P. Cline's charge 5 50 

Feb. 27. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge — Mt. 

Calvary, Page Co., Va 3 00 

April 6. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge — Morn- 
ing Star, Page Co., Va 2 00 

Feb. 3. To amt. rec'd of Rev. P. C. Wike, personal 1 00 

May 13. To amt. rec'd of St. Stephen's, per Rev. A. L. Crouse 3 70 

Maj' 13. To amt. rec'd of Rev. A. L- Crouse, personal 1 30 

May 20. To amt. rec'd of St. Peter's (Meetze's) church, per 

Rev. J. A. Cromer 1 50 

May 26. To amt. rec'd of Rev. W. P. Cline 10 00 

June 4. To amt. rec'd of Mt. Zion, per Rev. Dr. S. Henkel 2 50 
June 21. To amt. rec'd of Mt. Olive, per Rev. A. L. Crouse . 3 00 
July 20. To amt. rec'd of St. Matthew's per Rev. A. L. Crouse 1 00 
July 20. To amt. rec'd of Sharon, per Rev. D. J. Settlemyre . 1 00 
Aug. 4. To amt. rec'd of Rev. W. L. Darr's charge — Bethle- 
hem, on salary of 2d year, $2 50 ; St. Jacob's, $7 56 ; 

St. Thomas, $4 20 — total 14 26 

Sept. 9. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge— Morn- 
ing Star, $2 25 ; St. Mary's (Pine), $4 80 ; Solomon's, 
$5 ; Rader's, $11 28 — total 23 33 

Total amt. rec'd on first and second year #170 97 

To amt. rec'd at this session of Synod to Oct. 24, 1S90 . . 97 47 
1890. 
Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Holy Trinity, per Rev. J. C. Moser, 

$10 ; Zion, $10 — total $20 00 

Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of St. James, per Rev. R. A. Yoder, $5 ; 

Salem, $4 ; Grace, $3 — total 12 00 



14 MINUTES OK EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Jno. Schneider, per Rev. Cromer'. . 1 00 

Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Otto Hegman, per Rev. J. A. Cromer 1 co 

Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Emmanuel, per E. 0. Henkel. ... 4 00 

Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. K. Efird's charge 12 05 

Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge .... 16 42 
Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Rev. P. C. Wike's charge— St. 

Paul's, $4 ; Mt. Calvary, $4 25 ; St. Stephen's, $1 ; 

St. Matthew's, $4 — total 13 25 

Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Miss Mary Rhodes 50 

Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Miss Mattie Rhodes 25 

Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Rev. W. P. Cline 5 00 

To amt. rec'd of Rev. Bikle's charge, Philadelphia ch. 10 00 

Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. P. Miller's charge, Shiloh . 2 00 

$97 47 
1S90. 

Oct. 25. To amt. rec'd of Concordia congregation, $5 ; New- 
ton, $6 ; Glen Alpine, $2 — total 13 00 

Total amt. on hand, Oct. 25, 1890 $110 47 

1890. 

Oct. 25. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. A. Rudisill's charge — Sardis, 
$2 40; Trinity, $4 55 ; Daniel's, $5 60 ; Bethphage, 
$4 55— total 17 10 

Total amt. on hand, Oct. 25, 1S90 . . . . ' $127 57 

ALABAMA MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 
1889. 

Dec. 31. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox $ 52 68 

Dec. 31. By amt. paid for postal order and postage . 32 
1890. 

Feb. 14. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox 44 61 

Feb. 14. By amt. paid for postal order and postage 27 

May 5. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox 6 50 

June 5. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox 21 33 

June 5. By amt. paid for postal order and postage 17 

July 28. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox 7 40 

July 28. By amt. paid for postal order and postage 10 

Sept. 22. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox 23 16 

Sept. 22. By amt. paid for postal order and postage 17 

Total paid out on first year's salary . ..... .$156 71 

1890. 

Sept. 12. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox, on salary of 

second year $ 14 14 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 
Sept. 12. By amt. paid for postal order and postage 12 



Total amt. paid out on first and second years. . . $170 97 

MONEY RECEIVED FOR UNITED SYNOD MINUTES. 
1890. 

May 13. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt $ 1 80 

May 13. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. C. Moser 1 50 

May 13. To amt. rec'd of Rev. A. L. Crouse 52 

May 31. To amt. rec'd of Rev. P. C. Wike . 1 80 

June 4. To amt. rec'd of Rev. S. Henkel, D. D 1 90 

Aug. 4. To amt. rec'd of Rev. W. E- Darr 1 30 

Total amount on hand $ 8 82 

CHURCH EXTENSION FUND. 
1889. 

Dec. 27. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. K. Efird's charge $10 00 

Nov. 8. To amt. rec'd of St. Jacob's ch., per W. L. Darr. . . 2 55 

Nov. S. To amt. rec'd of St. Thomas ch., per W. L. Darr . . 75 

Nov. 8. To amt. rec'd of Mrs. Albert Beck 25 

1890. 

Jan. 11. To amt. rec'd of Rev. A. E. Crouse, personal .... 1 00 

Jan. 11. To amt. rec'd of Zionch., Va., per Rev. A. L. Crouse 1 51 

Jan. 30. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. K. Efird, personal ... . 1 00 

Jan. 30. To amt. rec'd of L. J. Efird 1 00 

To atnt. of interest from March 1, 1890, to Jan. 1, 1891 90 

Total amt. on hand January 1, 1891 $18 96 

HOME MISSION RECEIPTS. 
1889. 

Nov. 8. To amt. rec'd of St. John's, per Rev. C. H. Bernheim $ 2 50 

Nov. 23. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. I. Miller's charge 12 00 

Dec. 27. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. K. Efird's charge 27 54 

1890. 

Jan. 30. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. K. Efird's charge 80 

Mar. 10. To amt. rec'd of St. Peter's (Meetze's) ch., per Rev. 

J. A. Cromer 6 00 

Mar. 10. To amt. rec'd of Emmanuel ch., per Rev. J. A. Cromer 1. 00 

Mar. 10. To amt. rec'd of St. Andrew's, per Rev. J. A. Cromer 1 00 
May 20. To amt. rec'd of St. Peter's (Meetze's) ch., per Rev. 

J. A. Cromer 5 00 

May 17. To amt. rec'd of St. Mary's (Pine) ch. S. S., for the 

ch. in Knoxville, Tenn., per Rev. J. P. Stirewalt . 95 



l6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

May 17. To amt. rec'd of Morning Star ch., Shenandoah Co. 1 00 

May 17. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, personal ... 1 05 
May 17. To amt. rec'd of Morning Star ch., Page Co., per 

Rev. J. N. Stirewalt 1 00 

Total amt. rec'd for Home Missions $59 84 

HOME MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 
1890. 

Feb. 8. By amt. paid J. D. Cappelmann $42 84 

April 29. By amt. paid J. D. Cappelmann 7 90 

April 29. By amt. paid for postal order and postage. . 10 

June 14. By amt. paid J. D. Cappelmann 9 00 

Total amount paid out $59 84 

FOREIGN MISSION RECEIPTS. 

1889. 

Nov. 23. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. I. Miller's charge $ 4 00 

Dec. 27. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. K. Efird's charge 21 75 

1890. 

Jan. 30. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. K. Bfird's charge ..... 65 

Oct. 25. To amt. rec'd of Trinity ch., per Rev. J. A. Rudisill 6 80 

Total amt. rec'd for Foreign Missions $33 20 

FOREIGN MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 
1890. 

Feb. 8. By arnt. paid J. D. Cappelmann $32 40 

Total amt. paid out for Foreign Missions $32 40 

MONEY REC'D FOR BENE. EDUCATION AND UNITED SYNOD EXPENSES. 
1889. 

Nov. 23. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. I. Miller's charge, for bene- 
ficiary education . . , $12 00 

1890. 

Feb. 13. To amt. rec'd of Rev. D. A. Sox's charge, for bene- 
ficiary education ..... 5 00 

18S9. 

Nov. 8. To amt. rec'd of Cedar Grove ch., Rev. E. L. Ly- 

braud's charge, exp. of delegates to United Synod, $ 5 00 

Total amount received $22 00 

DISBURSEMENTS. 

1889. 

Dec. 20. By amt. paid Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., for 

beneficiary education |i2 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 1 7 

1890. 

Mar. 4. By amt. paid Rev. S. Heukel, D. D., for 

beneficiary education 5 00 

Mar. 24. By amt. paid Rev. J. S. Koiner, on expenses 

to United Synod 4 95 

Mar. 24. By amt. paid for postal order 05 

Total amount paid out $22 00 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. N. STIREWALT, 
Treas. E. L. Tenn. Synod. 



THIRD SESSION. 



Saturday, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

The members of Synod assembled. The President 
called upon Rev. A. L. Crouse to conduct divine service. 
The roll was called, and the minutes of the preceding ses- 
sion were read, received, corrected, and adopted. 

Rev. J. F. Moser presented the Report on Letters and 
Petitions, which was received and considered by items. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

We, j T our Committee on Letters and Petitions addressed to this 
S3 7 nod, beg to submit the following : 

No. 1 is a letter from Rev. J. R. Peterson, asking to be excused, 
assigning as his reason for absence, "weight of years." We recom- 
mend that he be excused. 

No. 2 is a letter from Rev. T. Moser, assigning as his reason for 
absence feeble health. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 3 is a letter from Rev. Prof. J. G. Schaid, asking that he be 
excused. He assigns as his reasons distance, expense, uncertain 
health, iuadvisability of being absent from the school. We recom- 
mend that his request be granted. 

No. 4 is a letter from Rev. Prof. J. P. Miller, asking to be excused ; 
and assigns as reasons for absence school work and indisposition of 
his family. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 5 is a petition from St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Church, 
in the neighborhood of Hupp, Rockingham Co., Va., signed b} r 25 
members, praying that they may be received into connection with this 
Synod. We recommend that this request be granted. 



1 8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

No. 6 is a letter from Rev. J. M. Smith, asking to be excused. — 
We recommend that his letter be read, and that Synod consider his 
excuse. 

No. 7 is a letter from Rev. D. A. Sox, assigning as his reasons for 
absence distance, want of means, delicate state of the health of his 
family. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 8 is a letter from Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., asking that he be 
excused, assigning as his reason the extremely critical condition of his 
wife's health. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 9 is a petition from Mt. Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church; 
Morgan's Mills, Stanley Co., N. C, signed by its officers, applying for 
admission into the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. We 
recommend its reception. 

No. 10 is a petition from St. Paul's Church, Lexington Co., S. C, 
praying that Synod hold its next meeting with that congregation. — 
We recommend that their request be granted. 

No. II is a petition from a new congregation in Anniston, Ala., 
organized by our Synod's Missionary, Rev. D. A. Sox, asking for ad- 
mission into the Tennessee Synod. We recommend that it be received, 
and that the pastor, Rev. D. A. Sox, furnish to the Secretary of Synod 
the name of the congregation for enrollment. 

No. 12 is a petition from Mt. Moriah, St. Mark's, and Phanuel 
Evangelical Lutheran Churches, properly signed by the officers of 
said churches, praying that candidate A. L. Boliek be examined, and, 
if found qualified, ordained to the sacred office of the ministry, that he 
may fully minister to their spiritual wants. We recommend that their 
request be granted. 

No. 13 is a letter from the Examining Committee in North Caro- 
lina, stating that they have had an interview with Messrs. E. L. and 
J. C. Wessinger, and recommend that they be received as applicants 
for the ministry. We recommend that the committee's recommenda- 
tion be sustained. 

No. 14 is a petition, signed by the officers of Mt. Pleasant Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church, Watauga Co., N. C, praying that Synod ap- 
point a committee to examine, and, if found qualified, ordain applicant 
Jacob Wike to the office of the ministry ; said examination and ordi- 
nation to take place in said church, or if not there,, then at the meet- 
ing of the North Carolina Conference of the Tennessee Synod. In 
consideration of the Standing Resolutions 17th and 18th, we cannot 
make any recommendation. 

No. 15 is a verbal petition, based upon a written one which by 
some means failed to reach Synod, from Mt. Horeb Evangelical 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 1 9 

Lutheran congregation, Chapin, Lexington Co., S. C, asking to be 
received into this S}mod. We recommend its reception. 

No. 16 is a communication from Bethlehem congregation, Augusta 
Co., Va., notifying us of its withdrawal from the Evang. Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod. We recommend that the Secretary strike the name 
of said congregation from our congregational roll. 

No. 17 is a letter from Rev. D. Efird, assigning as cause of absence 
from Synod, the feeble state of his health. We recommend that he be 
excused. Respectfully submitted, 

J. F. MOSER, 
WM. L. DARR, 
C. J. DEAL. 

Item 1 was sustained. 

• Item 2 was sustained. 

Item 3 was sustained. 

Item 4 was sustained. 

Item 5. With reference to this item, the following 
resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the petitioners be requested to perfect their organ- 
ization and present it to the next meeting of our Synod. 

Item 6 was sustained. Rev. J. M. Smith was not ex- 
cused. 

Item 7 was sustained. 

Item 8 was sustained. 

Item 9 was sustained, and Mt. Zion's E. E. congrega- 
tion, Morgan Mills, Stanley Co., N. C, was ordered to be 
put upon the congregational roll. 

Item 10 was sustained. 

Item 11 was sustained, and Emmanuel E. E- congre- 
gation, Anniston, Alabama, was ordered to be put upon 
the congregational roll. 

Item 12 was sustained. 

Item 13 was sustained. 

Item 14. With reference to this item, it was moved 
that the petitioners be advised to present their petition at 
the next convention of our Synod. 

Item 15 was sustained, and Mt. Horeb E. E. congre- 



20 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

gation, Lexington Co., S. C, was ordered to be entered 
upon the roll of congregations. 

Item 1 6 was sustained. 

Item 17 was sustained. 

Trie report was adopted as a whole. 

Rev. J. P. Stirewalt read the following report on 
President's Report : 

COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

We, your committee, to whom was referred the report of the 
President, submit the following on his recommendations : 

First is the recommendation to appoint a committee to adopt suit- 
able resolutions on the death of Rev. H. Wetzel. We suggest that 
said recommendation be sustained, and that the committee submit 
their report to this convention of Synod. 

Secondly, respecting the letter from the President of the N. C. 
Synod, conveying the fraternal greetings of that body to this, we sug- 
gest that the recommendation be sustained. 

Thirdly, we suggest the adoption of the following recommenda- 
tion of the President : ' ' That we decline to pay the amount asked for 
for the support of the United Synod's Theological Seminary until that 
body shall have removed the barriers to our co-operation in such work, 
and we more clearly recognize the advisability of sustaining that in- 
stitution." 

Fourthly, we suggest that the recommendation to discontinue the 
Committee on Missions be sustained, and that its work be done by the 
Board of Missions. 

Fifthly, we suggest that the recommendation, providing for a 
practical course in literature and theology, be not sustained. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 
P. C. WIKE, 
A. L. BOLIEK. 

Item 1 was sustained, and the President appointed 
Rev. J. S. Koiner, Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D., and Rev. M. 
L,. Little, to prepare suitable resolutions on the death of 
Rev. H. Wetzel. 

Item 2. Recommendation of the committee was sus- 
tained. 



MINTJTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 

Item 3. With reference to this item, the following 
resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the President of this body is hereby instructed, in 
reply to the committee of the Board of Directors of the Theological 
Seminary of the United Synod, to refer the said Secretary to the posi- 
tion of this Synod in regard to co-operative union as set forth at Dallas, 
N. C, 18S6, and to the action of this Synod in South Carolina, iSSS, 
and recorded in our Minutes. 

Item 4 was sustained. 

Item 5 was sustained. 

The report as amended, was adopted as a whole. 

Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder read the following report : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXAMINATION. 

We, your Committee on Examination, beg leave to report that 
-we examined the 3-0 ung brethren, Messrs. J. T. Miller and A. L. 
Boliek, and in accordance with the growing demand of our times for 
a more thorough preparation in theology, and a higher standard of 
attainments, we recommend that these young brethren, having de- 
clined ordination, be advised to prosecute their theological studies for 
at least another year. Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER, 

A. L. CROUSE, 

I. CONDER, 

J. N. STIREWALT, 

J. K. EFIRD, 

E. D. LYBRAND. 

This report was adopted, and the recommendation of 
the committee was sustained. 

Synod adjourned to meet at i P. M. Prayer and ben- 
ediction by Rev. J. F. Moser. 



FOURTH SESSION. 



Saturday, i P. M. 
Synod was called to order by the President. The 
Secretary called the roll. Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck read 
the Report of the Committee on Unfinished Business, as 
follows : 



22 MINUTES OF EVANGEEICAE EUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD 

REPORT ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

We, your Committee on Unfinished Business, desire to submit the 
following : 

i. On page 16, we find the appointment of a special committee on 
Church discipline, with Rev. A. L. Crouse as chairman. Has that 
committee done its work ? 

2. On page 22, we find a course for private students of theology- 
laid down, and that the same was laid over for consideration of this 
convention of Synod. Is the Synod ready to act upon this item ? 

3. On page 24, we find a resolution that each pastor in connection 
with this Synod be requested to ask each of his congregations for 
money to pay the remaining expenses of delegates to United Synod, 
Savannah. What has been done ? 

4. On page 33, we find a committee of three, with Rev. J. P. Stire- 
walt as chairman, to confer with Henkel & Co., publishers of Our 
Church Paper, to ascertain the least number of bona fide additional 
subscribers for Our Church Paper required to reduce the price to $1 
per annum. Has this work been attended to ? 

5. On page 37, we find a resolution concerning J. J. George, one 
of our beneficiaries, in reference to an appropriation for his use. Has 
this matter been attended to by the Examining Committee of the N. 
C. Conference ? 

6. On same page, we find Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder was directed to 
give instructions in theology to our students in Concordia College, and 
that he be paid for the same out of the beneficiary fund. Has this 
been done ? 

7. On page 38, we find that an appropriation of fifty dollars is to 
be made to beneficiary S. S. Keisler, provided he meet with the appro- 
bation of the Examining Committee in North Carolina. Has this 
work been attended to ? 

8. On same page, we find a report of Committee on Formula of 
Distribution in the Lord's Supper. What has been done in reference 
to this matter ? 

9. On pages 39 and 40, we find a number of resolutions adopted 
by the N. C. Conference, and laid before this body for consideration at 
this convention. We recommend Synod to proceed to the considera- 
tion of said resolutions. 

10. On page 41, we find a resolution instructing the Secretary of 
Synod to have x,ooo copies of Minutes printed ; that the usual num- 
ber be supplied to ministers, students of theology, and sister synods. 
Has this been done ? 

11. On same page, we find a resolution, requiring each minister of 
Synod to do all in his power to sell these Minutes among his people. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 23 

12. On same page, we find a resolution, that each minister pledges 
himself to raise money in his charge during the coming year for syn- 
•odical purposes, with a view to a change of the plan of distributing 
our Minutes. What has been done in regard to this matter ? 

13. On the same page, we find that aboard of visitors was appoint- 
ed to Concordia College, consisting of Revs. D. J. Settlemyre and Prof. 
R. H. Cline. Have these brethren performed this duty ? 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. W. HAUSENFLUCK, 
E. L. LYBRAND, 
D. C. BOLAND. 

It was received and considered by items. 

Item 1. The committee on church discipline was 
continued, with instructions to be ready to report at the 
next convention of our Synod. 

Item 2. In reference to this item, the President ap- 
pointed the following committee to take under further 
consideration the theological course as laid down in our 
Minutes, and to report at the next convention of our Synod: 
Committee — Rev. J. S. Koinerand Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder. 

Item 3. Complied with partially. 

Item 4. Complied with, as the following report shows. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON REDUCTION OF PRICE OF 
OUR CHURCH PAPER. 

We, your committee, have complied with the request of Synod. 
The result of our conference has been published in Our Church Paper, 
and we have secured a reduction in the subscription to said paper. 
The advertisements, to a considerable extent, have been changed ; the 
reading matter has been increased, although the requisite number of 
subscribers has not been procured by us. It therefore behooves us to 
redouble our efforts to enlarge the circulation by getting more new 
subscribers, and urging the present ones promptly to renew their sub- 
scriptions. The increased amount of reading matter and the great 
reduction in the price of subscription are strong inducements for its 
circulation in every Lutheran family. The probabilities are that the 
form of the paper may be changed in the future. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 
J. A. RUDISILL, 
I. CONDER. 



24 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Item 5. Complied with. 

Item 6. Complied with. 

Item 7. Ordered by Synod to be stricken out. 

Item 8, with reference to the Formula of Distribu- 
tion in the Lord's Supper, was complied with, but amend- 
ed as follows : The Bod5' r of our Lord Jesus Christ and His 
precious Blood strengthen and preserve you in the true 
faith unto everlasting life. Amen. 

Item 9. With reference to this item provision has 
been made by the appointment of a special committee^ 

Item 10. Stricken out. 

Item 11. Stricken out. 

Item 12. Partially complied with. 

Item 13. With reference to this item no report has 
been submitted. 

The President appointed the following committees : 

1. A committee, consisting of Rev. J. S. Koiner and 
Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D., to report on the necessity of a 
Board of Church Extension. 

2. A committee, consisting of Rev. J. S. Koiner, Rev. 
J. F. Moser, and Elon O. Henkel, to make arrangements 
for and to nominate a Theological Professor in Concordia 
College. 

The following resolution, in reference to mission work 
at Winston, N. C, was offered and adopted : 

Resolved, That the special attention of the Board of Missions of 
our Sj-nod be and is hereby directed to the outlook of mission work at 
Winston, N. C. 

Time and place fixed for the next annual meeting of 
this Sjoiod : Place — St. Paul's Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, Lexington Co., S. C. Time — Friday before the 
second Sunda}- in October, 10 A. M., 1891. 

The President, b3^ motion, appointed Rev. J. C. Moser, 
Rev. R. A. Yoder, and Elon O. Henkel, as a committee 
to propose a plan for the distribution of Minutes. 

The following Report of President of Board of Trus- 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 

tees of Concordia College, Conover, N. C, was read and 
adopted. 

REPORT OF PRESIDENT OF BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF 
CONCORDIA COLLEGE, CONOVER, N. C. 

The school of this Synod and our church is in a prosperous condi- 
tion. The Faculty are faithfully discharging their duty ; the students 
are orderly ; our beneficiaries are making fair progress. Our Profes- 
sors have much labor to perform in meeting their work in the church 
and school. J. M. SMITH, 

President Board Trustees. 

Synod adjourned to meet on Monday morning. Prayer 
and benediction by Rev. Prof. M. L. Little. 



FIFTH SESSION. 



Monday Morning, 9 A. M. 

Synod having assembled, divine services were con- 
ducted by Rev. J. K. Efird. 

Secretary called the roll, and read the minutes of the 
previous session, which were corrected and adopted. 

Chairman on Report of the Delegation of the K. L,. 
Tennessee Synod to the Third Convention of the United 
Synod of the South, read the following report, which was 
received and adopted : 

REPORT OF THE DELEGATION OF EVANG. LUTHERAN 

TENNESSEE SYNOD TO THE THIRD CONVENTION 

OF THE UNITED SYNOD OF THE EVANGELICAL 

LUTHERAN CHURCH IN THE SOUTH. 

Mr. President — We, the delegation of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod to the United Synod of the Evangelical Lutheran 
Church of the South, submit the following report : 

(1) That we attended the convention of the said Synod which con- 
vened in the city of Wilmington, N. C, on Thursday, 24th of Novem- 
ber, 18S9, and performed the duty imposed upon us. 

(2) That no action was taken in the convention of that Synod 
that will in any manner change the relation which our Synod has 
hitherto held towards that body. 



26 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

(3) The Synod failed to adopt the proposed by-laws and regula- 
tions, but postponed their consideration until next meeting of that 
body. 

(4) The Synod adjourned without naming place and time for its 
next convention. 

Respectfully submitted, A. L,. CROUSE, 

Chairman of Delegation, 
J. K. EFIRD, 
W. P. CLINE, 
J. S. KOINER, 
J. A. RUDISILL, 
J. F. MOSER, 
M. L. LITTLE. 

Rev. J. A. Rudisill read the following report, which 
was received and adopted : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON TREASURERS' REPORTS. 

We, your Committee on Treasurers' Reports, beg leave to submit 
the following : 

1 . We have examined all receipts and disbursements of the Bene- 
ficiary Treasurer and Assistant Treasurer, and find their reports cor- 
rect. 

2. After looking up all papers of the Synodical Treasurer's Report, 
we find the same correct. 

We recommend that the part with reference to the United Synod 
of the South be stricken out, as it is inconsistent with resolutions of 
our Synod. Respectfully submitted, 

J. A. RUDISILL, 
J. T. MILTER, 
H. G. SWARTZ. 

Rev. A. L. Crouse, Chairman of Committee on Church 
Institutions, read the following report, which was received 
and adopted : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CHURCH INSTITUTIONS. 

We find ourselves in possession of a report from the President of 
the Board of Trustees of Concordia College, and one from the Presi- 
dent of the Faculty. We recommend that these reports be read and 
published in our Minutes. 

We rejoice in the measure of the success of our college hitherto 
attained, but deplore the existence of our hinderances. 

We recommend the continuance of the committee, appointed last 



MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 

year, to raise funds for the erection of a new building, and the hearty 
co-operation of all our pastors and congregations. 

We also recommend that all our people into whose hands our 
Minutes may come do all they can to increase the attendance of 
students, and thus support and further the interests of our college, and 
elevate the standard of education among our people. 

Respectfully submitted, A. L. CROUSE, 

I. CONDER. 

The Report of Committee on the State of the Church 
was read, received, and adopted. 
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

Your Committee on State of the Church beg leave to submit the 
following report : 

South Carolina. — We are glad to report the churches in this 
State in a healthy and prosperous condition. There are no vacant 
pastorates in this part of our territory. The Gospel is preached regu- 
larly and faithfully, the young members of the church are diligently 
instructed in the Word of God and the catechisms of the church, both in 
the Sunday-school and in the pastor's catechetical class, new points of 
operation have been opened up, and mission work is receiving a fair 
share of attention. Harmony on the part of the brethren, charged with 
feeding the church of God and taking the oversight thereof,, prevails, 
and a hearty co-operation in the local and general work of the church. 

North Carolina. — The past year has been one of prosperity to 
our church in the old North State. Our congregations are all supplied 
with pastors or with preaching. There seems to be an increasing in- 
terest in church work manifest in missionary activity, both on the 
part of pastors and people operating through individual effort or 
through conference and Sjmod. 

Some of the pastorates, however, are too large, preaching too in- 
frequent,, catechetical work and pastoral visiting neglected, and too 
many pastors engaged in school and college work, much to the hurt of 
the congregations under their pastoral care. A more liberal support 
of the ministry would prove a valuable remedy for these ills. 

The North Carolina Conference is doing a good work at Monroe 
and Statesville, mission congregations under her care and support. — 
Encouraged by these results, this conference, at its last meeting, de- 
cided to place a missionary at Morganton at an early da}', to look after 
our interest in that part of the State. Some mission points are also 
under care of certain pastors within whose territory they properly fall. 
Upon the whole, there is much to encourage us in our work in North 
Carolina. 



28 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Virginia. — Our churches in this State are in a flourishing condi- 
tion. All the congregations are supplied with earnest and faithful 
pastors. Mission work is receiving due attention, and is carried on by 
the Virginia Conference, which supports largely a missionary, and 
directs attention to promising outposts where congregations may be 
established. Here, as elsewhere in our Synod, some of the pastorates 
are too large to be worked with the best results. There are Sunday- 
schools in most of the congregations, and catechetical instruction re- 
ceives due attention. Benevolent contributions are on the increase, 
and church love is deepening. A splendid new church building is in 
course of erection in New Market which will be one of the best in the 
State and the very best, perhaps, in the whole Synod. 

Alabama. — As to our Alabama work, your committee would re- 
spectfully refer this Synod to the report of our Missionary in that field 
of labor. Nothing has been received by the committee from Brother 
Sox, but from what we have been able to gather from other sources, 
we have reason to be much encouraged with the progress of our church 
in that State. It is to be hoped that this Synod, at its present meeting , 
will arrange to place one or more laborers in that promising field, and 
that our people will liberally contribute to the support of this most 
important work. 

Conclusion. — While your committee is gratified to make such 
an encouraging report concerning the State of the Church, within the 
bounds of our Synod, we would not close this paper without remind- 
ing the pastors and the congregations constituting this body, that 
much remains to be done and to be perfected by us, that in many 
things we come far short in the measure of Christian obligation and 
duty. Especially in the matter of ministerial support and general 
benevolence, we need to be more thoroughly aroused to a full sense of 
our duty. We give pennies when we ought to give dollars, and we 
give dollars when we ought to give hundreds, and even thousands, to 
the Lord's work. In Christian zeal, in self-denial, in fervent love for 
the brethren, and an earnest desire and effort to save the perishing 
multitudes around us, in the Christian nurture of the children of the 
church, in Christian benevolence, and in watchings and prayer, let us 
be more earnestly faithful, that we may be blameless in the day of the 
Lord Jesus. 

M. L. LITTLE, 
P. C. WIRE, 
J. K. EFIRD. 

Synod adjourned to meet at i P. M. Prayer and ben- 
ediction by Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 29 



SIXTH SESSION. 



1 o'clock, P. M. 

S3 r nod having assembled, the Secretary called the 
roll. By motion, the President ordered the Parochial 
Reports to be read before Synod. 

The chairman read the following report, which was 
received and adopted as a whole : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON MISSIONS. 

I. SYNOD'S MISSION IN ALABAMA. 

Our missionary work in Alabama seems to be meeting with en- 
couraging success. Rev. D. A. Sox, our missionary there, has organ- 
ized, during the last year in the city of Anniston, Ala., a congregation 
which now numbers sixteen members. This congregation, at a cost- 
of $600, has secured a lot now valued at more than $1200. One-half 
the cost of this lot has been collected from the citizens of the town. 
The remainder is to be paid in three annual installments of $ 100 each. 
Our missionary makes an earnest appeal to this Synod to aid him in 
meeting these payments and in building a church. 

A second man, brother Jas. T. Miller, has been called to the work 
in Alabama. He is to serve St. Michael's congregation as pastor and 
parochial teacher. The}' promise to sustain him without the aid of 
Synod. 

Zion Church, Jacksonville, has received a donation of a couple 
acres of land for a church and parsonage from Gen. Wm. H. Forney, 
M. C. 

Brother Sox has purchased the Edwardsville High School, and 
proposes to devote at least a portion of his time to teaching. He will 
3'et do what he can in the work of the church, but does not wish to 
serve longer as Synod's missionary. A third man should therefore 
be sent into this field as soon as possible ; and as there are many Ger- 
mans in some of these towns, he should be a man who can preach in 
both German and English. 

We have reason, brethren, to be much encouraged with our work 
in Alabama, and should labor and pray for its continued prosperity. 

2. CONFERENCE MISSION WORK. 

In South Carolina, while something is being accomplished for the 
extension of our church by the labors of individual pastors, no mission 
is under the care of Conference. 

In North Carolina, attention has been directed chiefly to two 



30 MINUTES OF EVANGEEICAE EUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

points, Monroe, Union County, and Statesville, Iredell County. The 
progress of the work at Monroe, for the past year, has been very satis- 
factory. A church has been erected, an excellent brick building 
35 x 61, with a basement. The basement has been completed, and 
the congregation now uses it for worship. The zeal and devotion of 
our people, and the energy of our missionary, are worthy of much 
commendation. 

At Statesville, a good brick church has been built, and so far 
completed that the congregation can now use it for worship. Our 
Conference has agreed to pay $150 per year, for six years, to aid this 
congregation in defraying the expense of building. With this help 
they will be able to repay the money borrowed. The pastor writes 
me : "Many tell me we have the best church in town, and I know T that 
w r e have the best congregation." Brother Settlem} r re and our people 
there deserve much credit for the work thej r have done. 

We have other points in view, and as soon as possible will extend 
the field of our operations. 

In Virginia, the progress of our home mission, during the past 
year, has been gratifying. An important mission station near Fairfield, 
in Rockbridge Co. , has been receiving attention. A lot has been donated 
and steps are being taken to build a church thereon in the near future. 

An organization, composed of thirty-five confirmed members at 
Hupp, in Rockingham County, will soon be completed. They have 
a lot partly donated, on which the erection of a house of worship will 
be commenced at once. 

Some missionary work has also been done in Broadway, Rock- 
ingham Count}'. The Land Improvement Company of this place has 
promised to give us a lot for a church, with the privilege of selecting 
the site. 

The regular mission of Conference in Eastern Virginia, is in a 
prosperous condition. Rev. J. S. Koiner has been called, and is ener- 
getically prosecuting the work. The Conference agrees to pay Bro. 
Koiner $300 per year, in addition to the amounts raised in the field. 

The entire mission work of the Virginia Conference is in a flour- 
ishing condition. Yet there are many other places of interest and 
importance where a great deal might be done if we had more ministers 
and more money. 

Looking over the whole field we find that the interest in our home 
mission work is vastly increasing. God has blessed our efforts, and 
crowned them with success. We thank God, and take courage. 
Respectfully submitted, J. C. MOSER, 

D. I. OFFMAN, 
JOHN W. MYERS. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 3 1 



The following resolution was offered : 

Resolved, That the recommendation of the committee be not sus- 
tained, and that the resolutions of our North Carolina Conference be 
commended to our congregations for practical use, whenever found 
practicable and desirable. 

The committee, appointed to prepare suitable resolu- 
tions on the death of Rev. H. Wetzel, reported as follows : 



32 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



IN MEMORIAM. 



Respect to the Memory of the Reverend Henry Wetzel. 



Whereas, In the ordering of divine providence, our dear brother 
Henry Wetzel has been taken from us and gathered to the fathers, be it 

Resolved i. That by the removal of this brother the church on 
earth has lost a faithful minister and an able teacher and defender of 
the doctrines of God's grace ; our country, a true citizen; and his be- 
reaved family, an exemplary Christian father. 

2. That we receive in reverent submission this dispensation of our 
Heavenly Father, cherish with gratitude the memory of the self-deny- 
ing services of our fellow-worker in the Gospel, and are reminded that 
our period of labor on earth is short. 

3. That we tender our sincere sympathy to the family of the de- 
ceased, and commend them to the care of Him who is Father to the 
fatherless. 

4. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the children of the 
deceased, and that a page in our Minutes be inscribed to his memory. 

J. S. KOINER, 
J. L MILLER, 
M. L. LITTLE, 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 33 

This report was received and adopted. 
The Committee on Distribution of Minutes read the 
following report which was received and adopted : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON DISTRIBUTION OF 
MINUTES. 

We, your Committee to Formulate a Plau for the Distribution of 
the Minutes, would respectfully report : 

1. That, for this convention, a list be made by the Secretary of the 
number of copies of Minutes wanted by the ministers present, and that 
a number equal to that of last year be furnished to those ministers ab- 
sent, and that the charge for the same be 10 cts. per copy. 

2. That a committee be appointed by the President, at this session, 
charged with the formulation of a permanent plan for the distribution 
of the Minutes. Respectfully submitted, 

J. C. MOSER, 
R. A. YODER, 
ELON O. HENKEIy. 

The Committee to Examine Applicants for Beneficiary 
Aid in Concordia College reported as follows : 

REPORT OF EXAMINING COMMITTEE. 

We, your Committee in North Carolina, beg leave to submit the 
following : 

To Mr. J. J. George, a beneficiary, we allowed J> 25.00 beneficiary 
aid — to this session of Synod. 

We held an interview with Messrs. Elmore and Jacob Wessinger, 
as to their being received by Synod as applicants for the ministry. 
We recommend that their names be enrolled as applicants. 

J. M. SMITH, 
J. C. MOSER. 
This report was received and adopted. 
Synod received the following report and adopted it : 
REPORT OF THE PRESIDENT OF CONCORDIA COLLEGE. 
To the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod : 

Dear Brethren : As President of your institution, I beg leave to re- 
port that the condition of Concordia College is, upon the whole, very 
favorable. The enrollment of students for the present term is 90, 
which is somewhat lower than the corresponding term for last year. 
The deficiency in numbers is confined to the Primary department, the 
High School and College departments being fuller than usual. The 
whole number of students for the last scholastic year was 139. 



34 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Our needs are : Better buildings, endowment fund, sympathy, 
support, and co-operation of all our pastors. 

Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER, 
Pres. Concordia College. 

The following resolution was offered and adopted : 

Resolved, That this Synod authorize the incoming Mission Board 
to call and send an efficient pastor as a third missionary to our Ala- 
bama Mission work, and that this Synod pledges to pay said mission- 
ary the salary promised by the Mission Board. 

The Committee on Theological Professorship in Con- 
cordia College submitted the following : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON THEOLOGICAL PROFES- 
* SORSHIP IN CONCORDIA COLLEGE. 

We, the Committee on the Theological Professorship iti Concordia 
College, would respectfully submit the following : 

1. That we nominate Rev. A. L. Crouse to the position of Theo- 
logical Professor. 

2. That said Professor arrange with the Board of Trustees of Con- 
cordia College and undertake the endowment of the said Professorship, 
and prosecute the same as vigorously as possible. 

3. That the compensations for said work shall be left to officers of 
Synod. J. F. MOSER, 

ELON O. HENKEL, 
J. S. KOINER. 

By motion, Synod made the following appropriations 
to the several beneficiary students in Concordia College : 
S. S. Keisler, $75 ; J. J. George, $75 ; S. S. Keisler, $45— 
balance due him from year 1889. 

The following resolution was offered and adopted : 

VOTE OF THANKS. 

Resolved, That this Synod hereby extends to the members and 
friends of this congregation its sincere thanks for the kind manner in 
which they have received and entertained it whilst in their midst. 

The President appointed Wm. Yoder to fill the vacan- 
cy on the finance committee of Concordia College, caused 
by the death of Hon. A. M. Huitt. 

The President appointed Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, Rev. S. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 35 

Henkel, D. D., and Rev. R. H. Cline as a committee to 
prepare a suitable plan for distribution of Minutes. 

Synod recommended P. E. Fry, of Catawba Co., N. C, 
as a suitable one to fill the vacancy in the Board of Trus- 
tees in Concordia College, caused by the death of Hon. A. 
M. Huitt. 

The following resolution was adopted by Synod : 

Resolved, That the thanks of this body be returned to Rev. S. 
Henkel, D. D., for his patient, careful, and successful labor in pre- 
paring the histo^- of this Synod. 

The President appointed Rev. J. F. Moser and J. P. 
Price as a committee to visit Concordia College and to 
report the condition of said College at the next convention 
of our Synod. 

Synod adjourned to meet at the time and place select- 
ed, and was closed by divine services led by the President. 

ROBERT H. CLINE, 

Secretary. 



RELIGIOUS EXERCISES. 

Opening Sermon, Rev. A. L. Crouse, Friday, 11 A. M. ; Phil. 3, 16. 

Saturday, 11 A. M., Rev. J. F. Moser, Luke 7, 41/42. 

Saturday, 7 P. M., Rev. J. A. Cromer, 1 Cor. 10, 1-5, (Grace E. L. 
Church/. 

Saturday, 7 P. M., Rev. J. A. Rudisill, 1 Cor. 2, 2, (Morning Star 
E. L. Church). 

Sunday, 11 A. M., Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, Matt. 22, 42, Confes- 
sion, Absolution, and Administration of the Lord's Supper. 

Sunday, 11 A. M., Rev. Prof. M. L. Little, St. Mark's E. L. Church, 
Luray, Va. 

Sunday, 7 P. M., Rev. E. L. Lybraud, Malachi 3, 8, Grace E. L. 
Church. 

Sunday, 7 P. M., Rev. R. H. Cline, Jere. 9, 23, 24, Morning Star 
E. L. Church. 

Sunday, 7 P. M., Rev. J. K. Ehrd, Deut. 24, 9. 

Monday, 11 P. M., Rev. J. C. Moser, Rom. 1, 14, 15, 16. 



36 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 
— Devotional exercises by the President. 
—Call of Clerical Roll. 

— Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 
— Reading of President's Report. 
— Election of Officers. 
— Reception of Advisory Members. 
— Reception of Letters and Petitions. 
— Appointment of Standing Committees. 
— Devotion. 

OTHER DAYS. 
— Devotion. 
—Calling of Roll. 

— Reading and Correction of Minutes. 
— Unfinished Business. 
— Reports of Standing Committees. 
— Report of Special Committees. 
— Resolutions. 
— New Business. 
— Devotion. 



LIST OF CHURCHES IN CONNECTION WITH THE EVAN- 
GELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ALABAMA. 

Cleburne County. — St. Michael, Emmanuel. 
Calhoun County. — Zion. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Lexington County.— Zion, St. Peter (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Immanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethle- 
hem, St. Thomas, Mt. Horeb. 

Richland County. — St. Andrew, Mt. Tabor. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Alamance County. — Mt. Pleasant. 
Alexander County. — Friendship, Salem, Shiloh. 
Burke County. — Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 
Caldwell County. — Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Lutz. 
Cabarrus County. — St. Martin, Lutheran Union. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 3/ 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. 
Paul, St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, 
Bethel, St. Timothy, Mt. Olive. 

Cleveland County. — St. Matthew. 

Davidson County. — Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem, 
Holly Grove. 

Gaston County. — St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

Iredell County. — Sharon, St. Martin. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinity, Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon. 

Mecklenburg County. — Morning Star. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthon. 

Rowan County.— Mt. Moriah, St. Mark, Phanuel. 

Stanley County. — St. Martin, Zion. 

Union County. — Emmanuel, St. Luke. 

Watauga County. — Valle Crusis, Mt. Pleasant. 

VIRGINIA. 

Augusta County. — St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. — Bethany (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, 
Trinity, St. Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel. 

Prince William County. — Bethel. 

Page County.— St. Paul, St. William (Eairview), Grace, Mt. Cal- 
vary, Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. 
Mary (Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, 
St. Stephen, St. David, Mt. Calvary, Morning Star. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 

Total number, 107. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved i. That each of our pastors is required to present to his 
people the educational and missionary work of Synod, to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, to take up in each of his congre- 
gations collections for the general work of the Church, and to report 
at each regular convention of our Synod : and that in the case of pas- 
tors failing to do this, inquiry shall be made, and unless satisfactory 
reasons be rendered, such pastor, after the first and second admonition, 
may be subject to the censure of this Synod. 



38 MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Resolved 2. That the Council of each congregation be requested 
to send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written Report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechis- 
ing those who propose to become members of our communion, previous 
to their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, and rather 
a loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the Church, with- 
out the slightest examination of them in regard to their religious 
knowledge and other qualifications for church membership, has been 
practiced by some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved 3. That we earnestly recommend all our ministers and 
congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all 
who make application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, 
by Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous 
to their confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when per- 
sons of age and experience make application, or such young persons 
as have been so favorably situated as to have had opportunities to be- 
come acquainted with and to have informed themselves of our doctrines 
and customs, seek church privileges, we recommend that their request 
be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have been examined 
by the pastor, before the council, and have been approved by them. 

Resolved 4.. That the ministers of our connection be requested to 
endeavor to get up and encourage Sunday-schools in all their congre- 
gations and report their success to the Committee on the State of the 
Church, some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 5. That the Committee on the State of the Church be re- 
quired to make every reasonable effort, during the Synodical year, to 
ascertain the condition of all the congregations in our connection, and 
report the same to the annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 6. That it be the duty of the President, with the consent 
of the pastor elect and congregation, to appoint a committee of instal- 
lation, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in our Synod, 
to perform this ceremony. 

Resolved 7. That no minister be excused who does not sufficiently 
respect Synod as to send directly to it the reasons for his absence. 

Resolved 8. That we hereby establish a Synodical Fund, to be 
raised by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which 
all contingent expenses of S3 r nod are to be met. 

Resolved 9. That hereafter the expenses of corresponding delegates 
to sister Synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 

Resolved 10. That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our Min- 
isters to ask their Congregations to defray their expenses in attending 
the meetings of our Synod. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 39 

Resolved n. That the ministers connected with this Synod, when 
absent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending in 
their reports to Synod. 

Resolved 12. That the Mission Work of this Synod be transferred 
to the several Conferences. 

Resolved 13. That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestly 
and actively in this work under such regulations as may to them seem 
best. 

Resolved zj. That the chairmen of the Executive Committee of 
Missions in our Conferences be, and are hereby, required to report an- 
nually to Synod a full, written report of the Missionary work of their 
bodies during the year. 

Resolved fj. That the reports of the Conferences in regard to 
Mission Work, be referred to the Committee on the State of the Church. 

Resolved 16. That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in 
their power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, 
lecturing, and catechisation, with a view sooner or later of getting men 
of their own color to look after the spiritual interests of their race in 
connection with the Lutheran church. 

Whereas, It is meet and right that the dignity, sacredness, and 
solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and 
in order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved 17. That Synod recommend, that all applicants for ex- 
amination and ordination, and for whom there are petitions to Synod 
from a congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination 
and ordination, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services 
on the part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some 
session of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and, if 
found qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further 

Resolved 18. That it is the sentiment of this Synod, that this rec- 
ommendation should be acquiesced in, in all possible cases, as the or- 
der of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved 19. That, with a view of establishing proper relations be- 
tween Concordia College, situated atConover, N. C.,and the Evangel- 
ical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, we, in meeting assembled, agree, 1. 
that whenever a vacancy, or vacancies, occur, either by death, resig- 
nation, or removal, in the Board of Trustees or in the Faculty, the said 
Synod shall have the right as well as the privilege to recommend a 
suitable person, or persons, to fill such vacancy or vacancies ; 2. that 
the Synod shall have the right to appoint a Board of Visitors, whose 
duty it shall be annually to visit said school, and make such report of 
the condition of the school to each session of the Synod, as be deemed 



40 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

most advantageous ; 3. that it shall be the duty of the President of the 
Faculty to make a report annually to Synod, relative to moral and 
literary condition of the school, which report shall also be signed by 
the secretary of the faculty ; 4. that the President of the Board of Trus- 
tees shall also make an annual report to Synod, in regard to the finan- 
cial condition of the school, which report shall likewise be signed by 
the secretary of the Board of Trustees ; 5. that this school shall be 
continued and conducted as a church institution, under such rules and 
regulations, as may be instituted by the Board of Trustees, in accord- 
ance with the charter, and the Confessions of the Church as set forth 
in the Christian Book of Concord, each teacher, instructor, or profes- 
sor, taking an obligation not to teach anything in said school that is 
contrary to said Confessions. 

These stipulations or propositions shall be valid and in force, pro- 
yided the said Synod shall acquiesce, and is disposed to lend said insti- 
tution its fostering care and encouragement, as well as its influence 
and moral force ; provided, that if the Synod shall fail, after notice, to 
recommend, in due time, a suitable person or persons to fill such va- 
cancy or vacancies, the proper authorities of said institution shall pro- 
ceed to fill such vacancy or vacancies. 

Resolved 20. That we, as a Synod, accept the propositions made 
to us by the Board of Trustees of Concordia College, and that in con- 
sideration of the rights and privileges therein granted, we will lend to 
said institution our fostering care, influence, and moral support.— See 
Minutes 0/1883, P a S e 7 #- 

Resolved 21. That our beneficiaries and students of theology shall 
neither preach nor absent themselves from their recitations without 
special permission of the faculty of Concordia College, and that we 
advise that they preach not more than once a month. 

Resolved 22. That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, 
consulting with the pastor loci, to arrange for the Sunday-school serv- 
ices, to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, by 
appointing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting subjects, 
and informing the speakers of their selection at least two months pre- 
vious to each meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 2j. That the President and Secretary of this Synod be 
hereafter the Standing Board of Missions. 



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insriDiEiix:- 

PAGE. 

Alabama Mission 12-15 

Beneficiaries 4 

Candidates for the Ministry 4 

Election of Officers 8 

Foreign Missions 16 

Home Missions . 15-16 

List of Churches in connection with the E. L. Tenn. Synod. . . 36-37 

*Lay-Delegates 5 

Mission Board of Synod 2 

Ministerial Roll 3-4 

Officers of Synod • 2 

Order of Business 36 

Place and Time of Next Convention 2 

President's Report 5-8 

Parochial Report 41 

Report of Assistant Treasurer Beneficiary Fund 11-12 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions 17-19 

Report of Committee on President's Report 20 

Report of Committee on Examination 21 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business 22-23 

Report of Committee on Reduction of Price of Our Church Paper 23 
Report of President of Board of Trustees of Concordia College . 25 
Report of Delegation to Third Convention of United Synod . . . 25-26 

Report of Committee on Treasurer's Report 26 

Report of Committee on Church Institutions 26-27 

Report of Committee on State of the Church 27-28 

Report of Committee on Missions 29-30 

Report of Committee on Distribution of Minutes ............ 33 

Report of Examining Committee 33 

Report of President of Concordia College 33 _ 34 

Report of Committee on Theological Professorship in Concordia 

College 34 

Religious Exercises 35 

, Standing Committees 2, 9 

Standing Resolutions • • • 37-40 

Treasurer's Report Beneficiary Fund .... 9-11 

Treasurer's Report 12-17 

Vote of Thanks 34 



MINUTES 

OF THE 
SEVENTY-FIRST ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 

TENNESSEE SYNOD, 



HELD AT 



ST. PAUL'S CHURCH, 



Near Lewiedale, Lexington County, S. C, 



OCTOBER 9-13, 1891, 



Henkel & Co., Printers, New Market, Va.: 
Office of "Our Church Paper," "Shenandoah Valley," Etc. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 

President— Rev. J. PAUL STIREWALT New Market, Va. 

REC. Sec'y— Rev. R. H. CLINE New Market, Va. 

Cor. Sec'y— Rev. J. C. MOSER Hickory, N. C. 

Treasurer— Rev. J. N. STIREWALT Stony Man, Va. 

Treas. Bene. Fund— Rev. Prof. R. A. YODER, Hickory, N. C. 
AssT. Treas. Bene. Fund— S. HENKEL, D. D., New Market, Va. 



MISSION BOARD OF THE SYNOD. 



Rev. J. PAUL STIREWALT and Rev. R. H. CLINE. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 
Rev. I. CONDER, Rev. W. P. CLINE, Rev. W. L. DARR. 

ON EXAM IN A TION. 

REV. S. HENKEL, D. D., Rev. J. M. SMITH, Rev. A. L. CROUSE, 

REV. J. K. EFIRD, Rev. E. L. LYBRAND, Rev. R. H. CLINE. 



TIME AND PLACE OF NEXT CONVENTION. 



Holy Trinity Church, Hickory, N. C, was chosen as the place, 
and Friday, 10 A. M., before the first Sunday in October, 1892, as the 
time. 



7 7 
■ill. 






MINUTES 

OF THE 

SEVENTY-FIRST ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANG. LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



FIRST SESSION. 



St. Paul's Church, 
eewiedale, lexington co., s. c, 
Friday, October 9, 1891. 

The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met in 
her seventy-first annual convention with St. Paul's congre- 
gation, near Eewiedale, Lexington Co., S. C, at 10 A. M., 
October 9, 189 1. 

The President, Rev. W. P. Cline, preached the opening 
sermon from Gen. 22, 36. The clerical roll was called, and 
the names of the pastors present were enrolled. The congre- 
gational roll was called and corrected. The names of the 
lay-delegates, after presenting their certificates of election, 
were enrolled. 

MINISTERIAL ROLL. 
Rev. J. R. Peterson* Dallas, N. C. 

T. Moser* Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

S. Henkel, D. D New Market, Va. 

C. H. Bernheim Conover, N. C. 

J. M. Smith Conover, N. C. 

Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D . . Concord, N. C. 

Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D Luray, Va. 

I. Conder* McGaheysville, Va. 

J. N. Stirewalt Stony Man, Va. 

A. L. Crouse Hickory, N. C. 

J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

J. C. Moser Hickory, N. C. 

* Absent and excused. 



MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Rev. J. K. Efird Rightwell, S. C. 

J. A. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

E. L. Lybrand Summit Point, S. C. 

Prof. R. A. Yoder Hickory, N. C. 

J. S. Koiner* Charlottesville, Va. 

D. A. Sox Edwardsville, Ala. 

D. A. Goodman* Connelly's Springs, N. C. 

J. W. Hausenfluck * Alma, Va. 

Prof. W. P. Cline Ilex, N. C. 

D. J. Settlemyre New Sterling, N. C. 

J. A. Rudisill Henry, N. C. 

R. H. Cline New Market, Va. 

P. C. Wike Maurertown, Va. 

D. C. Huffman t Hickory, N. C. 

J. G. Schaid Conover, N. C. 

J. P. Price Concord, N. C. 

J. F. Moser* Monroe, N. C. 

W. Iy. Darr Chapin, S. C. 

D. I. Offman Julian, N. C. 

J. P. Miller Conover, N. C. 

Jacob Wike Norris, N. C. 

L. L. Lohr Dallas, N. C. 

J. L,. Deaton China Grove, N. C. 

CANDIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

Francis K. Roof Columbia, S. C. 

H. Julian Mathias Lexington, S. C. 

Cephas K. Lippard Statesville, N. C. 

J. Allen Arnt Arnt, N. C. 

J. L. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

BENEFICIARIES. 

J. J. George Conover, N. C. 

S. S. Keisler Ops, Ark. 

T. J. Craps . ....... Lewiedale, S. C. 

LAY-DELEGATES. 

E. S. Sease— St. Paul's, S. C. 

E. D. Risinger — Cedar Grove, S. C. 

S. L. Steel— St. James, S. C. 

J. L- Roof — Immanuel, S. C. 

A. S. Frick— St. Peter's (P. W.), S. C. 

J. W. Eargle, J. C. Fulrner— St. Jacob, S. C. 



*' Absent and excused, f Absent. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

H. P. Meetze— Mt. Horeb, S. C. 
Emanuel Hendrix — St. Andrew's, S. C. 
H. D. Smith— St. Peter's, Meetze's, S. C. 
C. M. Efird— Zion's, S. C. 
J. H. Wyse— Holy Trinity, S. C. 
Carroll Bookman — Bethlehem, S. C. 
G. W. L: Mize— Philadelphia, N. C. 
C. E. Boger— St. Martin's, N. C. 
L. A. Lipe — Lutheran Union, N. C. 

C. E. Smyre— St. James, N. C. 
F. A. Yoder— Grace, N. C. 

J, P. Huffman— St. Stephen's, N. C. 

E. Iy. Whitener— Zion, N. C. 

J. S. Propst— Holy Trinity, N. C. 

James T. Miller— St. Timothy, N. C. 

John G. Huffman— Mt. Olive, N. C. 

R. L. Fritz— Pilgrim's, Beck, Holly Grove, N. C. 

Haley Myers — Emmanuel, N. C. 

A. R. Beck — New Jerusalem, N. C. 

M. H. Costuer— Philadelphia, N. C. 

David Jenkins — Lutheran Chapel, N. C. 

D. E. G. Pasour— Antioch, N. C. 

T. I. Fox— Melanchthon, Coble's, Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

J. S. Lipe— Mt. Moriah, N. C. 

Jacob Wike— Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

J. J. George— Salem, N. C. 

M. H. Yount— Concordia, N. C. 

The President, Rev. W. P. Cliue, read his annual re- 
port, which was to be referred to a committee yet to be 
appointed. 

THE PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 
Dear Brethren in Christ : — Another synodical year has been 
added to the past. Our labors and trials, our achievements and 
mistakes, have become a part of the history of our beloved church. — 
Let us pray to the Great Head of the Church, that our honest efforts 
towards building up His kingdom may bring forth much fruit to His 
honor and glory, and that He may render our mistakes harmless in 
the great work to which He has called us. God has, indeed, afflicted 
our household of faith during this year. Some of our brethren who 
have often been with us in synodical convention, will meet with us no 
more on earth. On February 18, 1891, our much beloved brother, M. 
L. Little, was called from time into eternity, having been fatally 



6 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

wounded in a terrible railroad wreck in Catawba Co., N. C. Mysteri- 
ous are the ways of Providence. It is not within the grasp of the 
human mind to comprehend why a servant of the church, so faithful 
and devoted should be called away in the prime of manhood and use- 
fulness. It teaches us the sad lesson, that even in the midst of life we 
may be near death. Thus saith the Lord, For my thoughts are not 
your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, For as the heavens are 
higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my 
thoughts than your thoughts. — Isa. 55, 8-9. Also father Daniel Efird 
was called to his reward early in the past summer. Let us, dear 
brethren, be earnest, patient, and faithful in the work allotted to us, 
so when life's work shall have been done we may joyfully go to meet 
these departed brethren in the realms of bliss. 

OFFICIAL ACTS. 

Soon after the adjournment of the last regular convention of 
Synod we, having been requested by the North Carolina Conference, 
called the Synod in special session on December 26, 1890, to consider 
a proposition of Mr. J. G. Hall of Hickory, N. C, relative to the 
Lenoir school property. The work of the Synod will appear in the 
Minutes of that convention. We have, during the year, issued orders 
upon the treasurer of beneficiary fund to pay the appropriations to our 
beneficiaries, namely : S. S. Keisler, $45 due him from the year 1889 ; 
$75 each to S. S. Keisler and J. J. George ; also, $75 to Rev. A. L. 
Crouse, our theological instructor ; and at different times we have 
authorized the treasurer of Synod to pay to Rev. D. A. Sox, the Synod's 
missionary, such money as came into the treasury for missions. 

CALES. 

In June, we received a letter from Rev. J. L. Deaton, Rowan Co., 
N. C, informing us that he had received and accepted a call from Mt. 
Moriah, St. Mark's, and Phanuel's churches in Rowan Co., N. C. — 
This is the pastorate lately served by candidate, A. L. Boliek, as a sup- 
ply. Brother Deaton further informed us that he would enter upon 
his work July 1st, and would apply for connection with our Synod at 
this convention. He was ordained to the office of the holy ministry 
by the Ministerium of Pennsylvania. 

RESIGNATION. 

Brother I. Conder resigned St. Jacob's (Bethany), on last Novem- 
ber. This congregation is now being supplied by bro. J. W. Hauseu- 
fiuck. 

NEW CHURCHES. 

Bro. J. P. Price informed us in April that one of his congregations, 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Lutheran Union, had built a new house of worship, which was dedica- 
ted on the 2d Sunday in April. The name was changed to Mt. Gilead. 
Rev. J. P. Stirewalt informed us that he had organized anew con- 
gregation at Hupp, Rockingham Co., Va. This congregation has 
erected a new house of worship, and will apply for admission at this 
convention of Synod. St. Paul's, Shenandoah Co., Va., Rev. P. C. 
Wike, pastor, has also built a new house of worship. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 
(i) That a committee be appointed to prepare and submit resolu- 
tions upon the deaths of Revs. M. L. Little and Daniel Efird. 

(2) That a more efficient plan be devised for the collection of mis- 
sion funds. 

(3) That a system of apportionment be adopted for the collection 
of church funds. 

(4) That brief Minutes of the called session of Synod be published 
in connection with the Minutes of this convention. 

In conclusion, brethren, we pray the blessing of the Master ma] ! 
direct us in all our deliberations during this convention of Synod, 
and that our minds may be led by the Holy Spirit so that we may 
work together in love and peace. 

W. P. CLINE. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

The result of the election was as follows : 
Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, President. 
Rev. R. H. Cline, Rec. Sec'y. , 
Rev. J. C. Moser, Corr. Sec'y. 
Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, Treasurer. 
Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, Treas. Bene. Fund. 
Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Asst. Treas, Bene. Fund. 

Revs. A. L. Crouse, R. A. Yoder, and Mr. J. S. Lipe 
were appointed by the President to classify all letters and 
petitions addressed to Synod. 

Synod then adjourned for one hour. Prayer and ben- 
ediction by the President. 



8 MINUTES OF EVANGEEICAE LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



SECOND SESSION. 



Friday, i P. M. 
Synod was called to order by the President. Secretary 
called the roll. The President appointed the following 

STANDING COMMITTEES, 
i. On the State of the Church. — Rev. I. Conder, Rev. 
W. P. Cline, Rev. W. E- Darr. 

2. On Examination. — Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Rev. R. 
H. Cline, Rev. J. M. Smith, Rev. A. E. Crouse, Rev. J. K. 
Efird, Rev. E. E- Lybrand. 

3. On Letters and Petitions. — Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D., 
Rev. J. A. Rudisill, A. R. Beck. 

4. Oil Unfinished Business. — Rev. R. A. Yoder, Rev. 
P. C. Wike, J. W. Eargle. 

5. Treasurer 1 s Report. — Rev. C. H. Bernheim, Rev. D. 
E Offman, J. C. Fulmer. 

6. On President' s Report. — Rev. J. G. Scbaid, Rev. J. 
N. Stirewalt, Rev. Jacob Wike. 

7. On Church Institutions. — Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., 
Rev. J. C. Moser, J. S. Eipe. 

8. On Missions. — Rev. W. P. Cline, Rev. J. P. Price, 
M. H. Costner. 

Treasurer of the Beneficiary Fund read the following 
report, which was referred to the proper committee for ex- 
amination. 

TREASURER'S REPORT.— BENEFICIARY FUND. 

R. A. YODER, Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 
In account with the 

Evangeeicae Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1890. Dr. 

Oct. 24. To Rev. W. L. Darr's charge: Bethlehem, S. C, 
$5 75 ; St. Thomas, S. C, 65 ; St. Jacob's, S. C, 
$6 85 ; Rev. W. L. Darr, personal, $1 75 $ 15 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Oct. 24. To Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck's charge : St. Paul's, 
Page Co., Va., $2 00 ; St. Paul's, Augusta Co., Va., 

$1 L3 3-13 

Oct. 24. To Rev. S. Henkel's charge : Mt. Zion, Va., $4 00 ; 

Emmanuel's, Va., $6 00 10 00 

Oct. 24. To Rev. D. I. Offrnan's charge 50 

Oct. 25. To Rev. P. C. Wike's charge : St. Stephen's, $2 00; 
St. Matthew's, $12 00 ; Mt. Calvary, $3 25 ; St. 

Paul's, $621 23 46 

Oct. 25. To Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge 29 43 

Oct. 25. To Rev. J. A. Rudisill's charge : Sardis, $3 00 ; 

Trinity, $7 86 ; Daniel's, $8 39; Bethphage, $6 00 . 25 25 
Oct. 25. To Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge : St. Peter's, $4 00; 
St. Andrew's, $2 00 ; Wingard's School House, 

$1 45 ; Emmanuel's, $2 00 ; Zion, J500 14 45 

Oct. 25. To Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge : Morning Star, 

$2 00 ; Mt. Calvary, $3 00 5 00 

Oct. 25. To Rev. W. P. Chile's charge 3 00 

Oct. 25. To Rev. M. E. Little's charge : St. Mark's .... 6 25 

Oct. 25. To Rev. C. H. Bernheim's charge : Philadelphia. . 5 85 

Nov. 18. To amt. rec'd from Rev. J. M. Smith, former treas. 129 90 
Nov. 18. To Rev. J. G. Schaid's charge : Concordia, $10 00 ; 

Newton and Glen Alpine, $5 00 15 00 

Nov. 27. To Rev. J. P. Price's charge : St. Martin's, Cab., 
$10 00 ; St. Martin's, Stanley, $3 00 ; Euther Un- 
ion, $3 00 16 00 

Nov. 27. To Rev. D. A. Goodman's charge : Trinity, Cald- 
well 2 00 

$ 3c 4 22 
1890. Cr. 

Nov. 4. By amt. paid for memorandum $ 10 

Nov. 21. By amt. paid S. S. Keisler 45 00 

1891. 

Feb. 9. By amt. paid S. S. Keisler 25 00 

Mar. 24. By amt. paid S. S. Keisler 25 00 

Mar. 31. By amt. paid J. J. George 25 00 

May 8. By amt. paid J. J. George 9 15 

June 26. By amt. paid Rev. A. E. Crouse 75 00 

Aug. 21. By amt. paid J. J. George 10 00 

Sep. 12. by amt. to S. S. Keisler 25 00 

Sep. 12. By amt. to J. J. George * 30:85 

$270 10 



IO MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Sept. 29. To balance on hand $ 34 12 

Respectfully submitted,. R. A. YODER, 

Treas. Ben. Fund. 
Report of the Assistant Treasurer Beneficiary Fund, 
Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., was read by him, and referred to 
the proper committee. 

REPORT OF ASSISTANT TREASURER OF BENEFICIARY 

FUND. 

No amounts were received during the past synodical year, and 
none were paid out. My report stands as it did at the meeting of 
Synod in the year 1890, with a balance in my hands, due Synod, of 
sixty-three dollars and ninety-two cents, $63. 92 ; subject to the order 
of the treasurer. S. HENKEL, Assistant Treasurer. 

October 3, 1891. 

The Treasurer, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, read the follow- 
ing report, which was referred to the proper committee : 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

J. N. STIREWALT, Treasurer, 

In Account with the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1890. Dr. 

Oct. 24-27. To amt. rec'd for Minutes $114 87 

Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. F. Moser, on Mins. of 1889 1 80 
Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. K. Efird, on Mins. of 1889 1 25 
Oct. 24. To amt. rec'd of Rev. W. L. Darr, on Mins. of 1889 4 05 

Total amt. rec'd for Minutes $ I2 i 97 

1891. 

Aug. 4. To printing, binding, mailing, and expressing 1200 

copies Minutes of the Evang. Luth. Tenn. Synod $ 83 10 
Balance due Henkel & Co. on Minutes 1887-1888 17 52 
Balance due Henkel & Co. on Minutes 1889 ... 7 24 
Due Henkel & Co., for printing blank parochial 

reports, and postage on same 2 13 

Total amt. due Henkel & Co $ io 9 99 

1891. 

Aug. 4. By amt. paid Henkel & Co., by others $ 37 85 

Aug. 4. By amt. paid Henkel & Co 72 14 

Total amt. paid Henkel & Co $ 109 99 

Balance on hand Oct. 8, 1891 $ 11 98 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. II 
189I. 

Oct. 9. To amt. rec'd of Rev. E. L,. Lybrand 4 00 

Total amt. on hand $ 15 9S 

MONEY RECEIVED FOR UNITED SYNOD MINUTES. 
189I. 

Oct. 24. To amt. on hand for United Synod Minutes . . . $ 8 82 

Oct. 24. To amt. received of Rev. A. L. Boliek 1 50 

1890. 

Dec. 25. To amt. received of J. P. Price 30 

Total amt. on hand for United Synod Minutes . . $10 62 

CHURCH EXTENSION FUND. 
Total amt., princ. and int., Jan. 1, '91, on hand . $ 18 96 
To amt. of interest from Jan. 1, '91, to Jan. 1, '92, 1 13 

Total amt. on hand Jan. 1, 1892 $ 20 09 

HOME MISSION RECEIPTS. 
1890. 

Oct. 26. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D $ 5 00 

1 891. 

Aug. 7. To amt. rec'd of Mt. Zion ch., Rev. S. Henkel'sch. 1 39 

Total amt. rec'd for Home Missions. $ 6 39 

HOME MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 
189I. 

June 10. By amt. paid J. D. Cappelmann $ 4 95 

June 10. By amt. paid for postal order and postage .... 05 

Total amt. paid out $ 5 00 

Balance on hand $ 1 39 

FOREIGN MISSION RECEIPTS. 
1890. 

Oct. 25. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. A. Rudisill $ 6 80 

Oct. 26. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D 5 00 

Total amt. rec'd $ 11 80 

FOREIGN MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 
1891. 

June 10. By amt. paid J. D. Cappelmann $ 4 95 

June 10. By amt. paid for postal order and postage .... 05 

Total amt. paid out $ 5 00 

Bal. on hand subject to order of Rev. J. A. Rudisill $ 6 80 



12 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ALABAMA MISSION RECEIPTS. 

To amt. rec'd $127 57 

To amt. rec'd of Rev. E. L. Lybrand 4 co 

To amt. rec'd of Mt. Zion church, Rev. S. Hen- 
kel's charge, per J. B. Hess 3 00 

Total amt. rec'd at Synod, Oct. 24-27, 1890. . . . $134 57 
By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox, on salary of 1889 . $129 78 

Balance on hand Oct. 29, 1890 $ 4 79 

To amt. rec'd of Mt. Nebo church, Va., per Rev. 
J. S. Koiner $ 1 45 

To amt. rec'd of Young People's Home and For- 
eign Missionary Society, Emmanuel church, 
S. C, per Miss M. E. Campbell 3 65 

To amt. rec'd of St. Martin's church, N. C, per 
Rev. J. P. Price 4 00 

To amt. rec'd of Lutheran Union, N. C, per Rev. 
J. P. Price 2 00 



1090. 

Oct. 24-26. 
Oct. 27. 
Oct. 27. 



Oct. 29. 

Nov. 29. 

Nov. 29. 

Dec. 25. 

Dec. 25. 



1891. 




Jan. 


5- 


Jan. 


5- 


Jan. 


5- 


Jan. 


5- 


Jan. 


5- 


Jan. 


5- 


Jan. 


9- 


Jan. 


9 


Feb. 


6. 


March 


27. 



April 11 

April 22 

April 22 

April 22 

April 22 

April 22 



To amt. rec'd of Luther Chapel, Rev. Little's chg. 4 45 

To amt. rec'd of St. Mark's, Rev. Little's charge 4 73 

To amt. rec'd of St. John's, Rev. Little's charge 2 95 

To amt. rec'd of Antioch, Rev. Little's charge. . . 1 40 

To amt. rec'd of St. Mark's, Rev. Little's charge 1 50 

To amt. rec'd of Luther Chapel, Rev. Little'schg. 2 45 
To amt. rec'd of Morning Star church, Va., per 

Rev. J. N. Stirewalt 4 00 

To amt. rec'd of Rev. W. P. Cline 6 00 

To amt. rec'd of D. J. Settlemyre 80 

To amt. rec'd of H. A. Davis and family, per Rev. 

A. L. Crouse 5 00 

To amt. rec'd of Mt. Calvary ch., Va., per Rev. 

J. N. Stirewalt 5 00 

To amt. rec'd of Zion ch., S. C, per Rev. Cromer 2 00 
To amt. rec'd of Christ's ch., Rev. J. R. Peterson's 

charge, per Rev. A. L. Crouse 5 00 

To amt. rec'd of Mt. Holly ch., Rev. J. R. Peter- 
son's charge, per Rev. A. L. Crouse 5 00 

To amt. rec'd of St. Stephen ch., Rev. Crouse'schg. 5 00 

To amt. rec'd of Rev. A. L. Crouse, personal. . . 1 00 



72 17 



TVEINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 



To amt. rec'd of Rev. W. P. Cline $ 15 00 

To amt. rec'd of Mrs. Paul C. Bowman, Va . . . 1 00 
To amt. rec'd of Grace ch., Va., per Rev. J. N. 

Stirewalt 1 00 

To amt. rec'd of St. Matthew ch., Va., per Rev. 

P. C. Wike . . . , 5 00 

To amt. rec'd of Miss Mary A. Rhodes, Va., per 

Rev. P. C. Wike 25 

To amt. rec'd of Mt. Calvary ch., Va., per Rev. 

P. C. Wike 2 80 

To amt. rec'd of St. Paul's ch., Va., per Rev. Wike 5 00 
To amt. rec'd of Home and Foreign Missionary, 

Emmanuel ch., S. C, per Miss M. E. Campbell 4 00 

To amt. rec'd of Rev. I. Conder 6 05 

To amt. rec'd of Luther Chapel, per W. C. Sigman 1 75 

To amt. rec'd of Concordia ch., per S. G. Shell. . 5 50 

To amt. rec'd of Emmanuel ch., Va., per G. Koiner 4 38 

Toamt lec'dof Rader's ch., Va., per Sam'l Ryman 7 00 

To amt. rec'd of Mt. Zion, per Frank Bowman. . 2 50 



May 


*3- 


May 


18. 


May 


24. 


June 


S. 


June 


8. 


June 


8. 


June 


8. 


June 


9- 


June 


9- 


June 


15- 


Aug. 


3- 


Aug. 


7- 


Aug. 


7- 


Aug. 


7- 



Oct. 



61 23 

72 17 



Oct. 


9- 


Oct. 


9- 


Oct. 


9- 


Oct. 


9- 


Oct. 


9- 


Oct. 


9- 


Oct. 


9- 


Oct. 


9- 


Oct. 


9- 



Total amt. rec'd for Alabama Mission ...... $133 40 

To amt. rec'd of St. Timothy ch., per Rev. Miller 
To amt. rec'd of one whose name not allowed to pub. 
Toamt. rec'd of Cedar Grove ch., per Rev. Lybrand 
To amt. rec'd of St. Paul's ch., per Rev. Lybrand 
To amt. rec'd of Holy Trinity, per Rev. J. C. Moser 
To amt. rec'd of Zion, per Rev. J. C. Moser. . . . 

To amt. rec'd of Rev. R. H. Cline's charge. . . . 

To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. A. Rudisill's charge . . . 
To amt. rec'd of Young People's H. and F. M. 

Soc, per Rev. J. A. Cromer 

To amt. rec'd of St. John's ch., per Rev. Beruheim 



2 


33 


3 


00 


5 


00 


5 


00 


10 


00 


10 


00 


10 


00 


11 


26 


1 


80 


4 37 



1891. 




Feb. 


7- 


Feb. 


7- 


April 


16. 


May 


20. 


May 


20. 



Total amt. rec'd 

ALABAMA MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 

By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 1 . . 
By amt. paid for postal order and postage 
By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 2 . . 
By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 3 . . 
By amt. paid for postal order and postage 



$196 16 



43 10 

27 

5 00 

37 83 

17 



*4 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



June 8. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 4 14 93 

June 8: By amt. paid for postal order and postage . . . . 12 

Aug. 21. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 5 31 76 

Aug. 21. By amt. paid for postal order and postage. ... 22 

Total amt. paid out $*33 4° 

Total amt. rec'd $196 16 

To balance on hand Oct. 10, 1891 $ 62 76- 

I196 16 

MONEY RECEIVED* TO PAY FOR THE CHURCH LOT IN ANNTSTON, ALA. 
1891. 

Sept. 12. To amt. rec'd of St. John r s cb., S. C. r per Rev. 

J. K. Enrd $ 2 95 

Sept. 12. To amt. rec'd of St. Peter's ch., S. C, per Rev. 

J. K. Enrd 5 05 

Sept, 12. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. K. Enrd and wife. ... 2 00 

Total amt. rec'd $ to oo> 

DISBURSEMENT. 

1 891. 

Sept. 17, By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox for church lot in 

Anniston, Ala $ 10 co 

J. N. STIREWALT, Treasurer 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

Rev. R. A. Yoder, Chairman of the Committee on Un- 
finished Business, read the following report ; 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

The Committee on Unfinished Business beg leave to report the 
following : 

1. On page 21 of this Synod's Minutes of 1890, we find that the 
President of this body was instructed to reply to the Committee of the 
Board of Directors of the Theological Seminary of the United Synod 
of the South. Has this been done? 

2. On page 23, we find that the Committee on Church Discipline 
was continued, to report at this convention of Synod. Is the com- 
mittee ready to report? 

3. On page 23, we find that the following committee, J. S. Koiner 
and R. A. Yoder, was appointed to take under further consideration 
the theological course as laid down in our Minutes, and report at this 
convention of Synod. Is said committee ready to report ? 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

4. On page 24, we find that Revs. J. S. Koiuer and J. I. Miller, 
D. D., were appointed a committee to report on the necessity of a 
-Board of Church Extension. Are they ready to report? 

5. On same page, we find a resolution calling the attention of the 
Board of Missions of our Synod to the outlook of mission work at 
Winston, N. C. What has said Board of Missions done ? 

6. On page 34, we find a resolution that Synod authorize the 
Mission Board to call and send an efficient pastor as a third missionary 
to our Alabama Mission work. Has this duty been performed? 

7. On pages 34 and 35, we find a committee, composed of Revs. J. 
P. Stirewalt, S. Henkel, D. D., and R. H. Cline, to prepare a suitable 
plan for distribution of Minutes. Are they ready to report ? 

Respectfully 7 submitted, 

R. A. YODER, 
P. C. WIKE, 
J. W. EARGIvE. 

Item 1. Complied with. 

Item 2. With reference to this item, no report being 
ready and the committee asking to be discharged, their 
request was granted. 

Item 3. The following motion prevailed with refer- 
ence to this item : That the report of the committee be 
received, and printed in the Minutes for action at the next 
meeting of this Synod. 

Item 4. Committee continued. 

Item 5. By motion, this item was deferred for the 
present. 

Item 6. Answered in Report on Board of Missions. 

Item 7. With reference to the item, the committee to 
submit a plan for the distribution of Minutes, presented the 
following report, which was received and adopted item by 
item : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON DISTRIBUTION OF 

MINUTES. 
We, your committee appointed at the last convention of this 
Synod to prepare a suitable plan to raise money for the publication 
and distribution of the Minutes of this Synod, beg leave to submit the 
following. 

We recommend : 



l6 MINUTES OK EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

i. That each pastor be requested and required to call the atten- 
tion of each of his congregations to this matter previous to the meet- 
ing of our Synod, and that each congregation take a special collection 
or make an appropriation for this purpose. 

2. That the amounts collected be sent to the Treasurer of Synod 
without failure, and credited to each charge. 

3. That all orders for Minutes be made through the Treasurer of 
Synod, who shall have a sufficient number printed to supply all the 
demand. 

4. That the Treasurer order Minutes for each congregation or 
individual in proportion to the amounts paid into the Treasury, at the 
rate of 10 cents per copy. 

5. That each pastor and theological student in connection with 
this Synod be furnished with Minutes according to our usual custom .. 

Respectfully submitted, J. P. STIREWALT, 

S. HENKEE, 
R. H. CLINE. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

With reference to item 3d in the Report of Committee 
on Unfinished Business, the following was submitted and 
deferred to the next meeting of Synod for action. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON A REVISED COURSE OF 

STUDY FOR PRIVATE STUDENTS OF 

THEOLOGY. 

The Committee on "A Revised Course of Study for Private Stu- 
dents of Theology," submit the following : 

COURSE FOR STUDENTS OF THEOLOGY. 

I. FIRST PART. 

1. Home's Introduction. 

2. Weidner's Encyclopaedia. 

3. Harper and Weidner's Introdnctor3' New Testament Greek 
Method. 

4. Greek New Testament, with 

5. Bengel's Gnomon. 

6. Oehler's Old Testament Theology. 

II. SECOND PART. 

1. Kurtz's Sacred History. 

2. Kurtz's Church History. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 1 7 



III. THIRD PART. 

1. Book of Concord. 

2. Krauth's Conservative Reformation. 

3. Weidner's Introduction to Dogmatic Theology. 

4. Schmid's Dogmatics. 

5. Martensen's Christian Ethics. 

IV. FOURTH PART. 

1. Horn's Evangelical Pastor. 

2. Hoppin's Homiletics. 

3. Van Oestersee's Practical Theology. 

Attention should be given to Church Polity. Hagenbach's His- 
tory of Doctrine is recommended. 

J. S. KOINER, 
R. A. YODER, 

Committee. 

The Chairman of the Committee on fetters and Peti- 
tions read the following report, which was deferred until 
the following morning session for consideration and adop- 
tion : ' 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

The Committee 011 Letters and Petitions submit the following : 
I. LETTERS OF EXCUSE. 

No. 1 is a letter from the venerable T. Moser, of North Carolina, 
asking to be excused from attendance at this meeting of Synod on 
account of feeble health and scarcity of funds. Your committee ask 
that he be excused. 

No. 2 is a letter from J. W. Hausenfluck, of Virginia, praying to 
be excused from attending your present meeting. He assigns as his 
reason, the condition of his health. Your committee ask that Bro. 
H. be excused. 

No. 3 is a letter from J. S. Koiner, of Virginia, asking to be ex- 
cused from attendance on the present meeting of Synod. Brother K. 
writes that he has just removed to Charlottesville, which has been at- 
tended with considerable expense, and requiring just now a good deal 
of his time, for which reasons he asks that you excuse his absence. 
Your committee recommend that he be excused. 

No. 4 is a letter from J. R, Peterson, of North Carolina, stating 
that on account of his wife's health he can not attend your present 
meeting, and asks that you excuse him. Your committee ask the 
Synod to excuse him. 



10 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

No. 5 is a letter from J. F. Moser, of North Carolina, who 
asks for satisfactory reasons to be excused from this meeting. Your 
committee recommend that he be excused. 

II. PETITIONS FOR THE NEXT MEETING OF SYNOD. 

No. I is a petition from Hoi} 7 Trinity Evangelical Lutheran 
Church, of Hickory, N. C, asking for the next meeting of this body 
to be held in their midst. This petition is the joint action of the 
council and members of the congregation. 

No. 2 is a petition from the members of St. John's Evangelical 
Lutheran Church, Catawba Co., N. C, and citizens of surrounding 
community, asking that you hold your next meeting in their church. 
This petition has the names of ioo persons attached. 

Your committee refer these petitions to Synod for the proper ac- 
tion. 

III. PETITIONS FOR THE RECEPTION OF NEW CONGREGATIONS INTO 

CONNECTION WITH THIS BODY. 

No. i is a petition from the officers and members of Holy Trinity 
Evangelical Lutheran Church, Little Mountain, S. C, praying that it 
may become an integral part of this body, its members having, by a 
unanimous vote, subscribed to the constitution of Synod. 

No. 2 is a similar petition from the officers and members of St. 
Paul's Evangelical Lutheran Congregation at Hupp, Rockingham 
Co., Va. They agree to subscribe to the constitution of, and to abide 
by the rules and regulations of Synod. This petition is signed by 31 
members. 

Your committee recommend that these congregations be received. 

IV. PETITIONS FOR THE EXAMINATION AND ORDINATION OF CAN- 

DIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

No. I is a petition from the councils of Mt. Pleasant and Friend- 
ship congregations, Watauga Co., N. C, respectfully asking for the 
examination, and, if found qualified, the ordination of Candidate Ja- 
cob Wike, at the present meeting of Synod. Your committee ask the 
compliance of Synod with their request. 

No. 2 are petitions from Chapel church, Gaston Co., N. C, St. 
Mark's, St. John's, and Antioch of the same county, asking that Can- 
didate L. L. Lohr be ordained at this meeting of Synod. Your com- 
mittee commend these petitions to the favorable attention of Synod. 

V. THE LIQUOR TRAFFIC. 

A letter from Rev. Peterson calls attention "to the almost untold 
evils growing out of the manufacture and traffic in intoxicating liquors, 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 



suggesting that the time has come when Synod should take some de- 
cisive action with a view to curtailing these evils. Your committee 
recommend the adoption of Rev. Peterson's suggestion. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. I. MILLER, 
J. A. RUDISILL, 
A. R. BECK. 

Synod adjourned. Prayer and benediction by the 
President. 



THIRD SESSION. 



Saturday, Oct. io, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Synod was called to order by the President, and divine 
services were conducted by Rev. J. M. Smith. The Secre- 
tary read the minutes of the previous sessions, which were 
received and after proper corrections, adopted. 

Consideration of Report on Letters and Petitions re- 
sumed. 

/. Letters of Excuse : 

Item 1 was sustained. 

Item 2 was sustained. 

Item 3 was sustained. 

II. Petitions for the Next Meeting of Synod : 
Item 1 was sustained, and Holy Trinity, Hickory, 
N. C, was selected for the place of the next annual meet- 
ing of this Synod. 

Item 2 was not sustained. 

///. Petitions for the Reception of JVeza Congregations into 
Connection with this Body : 

Item 1 was sustained, and Holy Trinity Evangelical 
Lutheran Church, Little Mountain, S. C, was ordered to 
be put upon the congregational roll. 

Item 2 was sustained, and St. Paul's Evangelical 



20 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Lutheran Church, Rockingham county, Va., was ordered 
to be put upon the congregational roll. 

IV. Petitions for the Examination and Ordination of Can- 
didates for the Ministry ; 

Item i was sustained. 

Item 2 was sustained. 

Further consideration of this report was deferred for 
action at some future session of this Synod assembled.' 

Synod then adjourned for divine services. Bene- 
diction by Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D. 



FOURTH SESSION. 



Saturday, Oct. io, i P. M. 
Synod was called to order by the President. After 
the roll was called, the Chairman of the Committee on the 
President's Report, Rev. J. G. Schaid, read the following : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

We respectfully submit the following : 

i. That the President's recommendation regarding the appoint- 
ment of a committee to draft suitable resolutions on the death of the 
Revs. M. L. Little and D. Efird be sustained. 

2. As to the second recommendation, the trouble being as much 
a matter of education and true religion, as of method, Synod will have 
to attend to both, in order to gain real results. We recommend re- 
newed attention to our first Standing Resolution and also Missionary 
Festivals— several congregations uniting for the discussion of the mis- 
sion cause and the formation of Woman's Mission Societies. 

3. We heartily sustain this recommendation. We recommend 
that an Apportionment Committee be appointed. 

4. We concur in this recommendation. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. G. SCHAID, 

J. N. STIREWALT, 

JACOB WIRE. 

Item 1 was sustained, and the following Committee, 
Revs. J. I. Miller, D. D., and J. M. Smith, was appointed 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 

by the President to prepare suitable resolutions on the 
death of Rev. M, L. Little and Rev. D. Efird. 

Item 2 was sustained. 

Item 3 was sustained, and the following Committee on 
Apportionment was appointed by the President : Rev. S. 
Henkel, D. D., Rev. R. A. Yoder, and Rev. E. E. Lybrand. 

Item 4 was stricken out. 

The Chairman, Rev. W. P. Cline, read the following re- 
port. After some consideration the report was received 
and ordered to be placed upon the Minutes. 

REPORT OF THE BOARD OF MISSIONS. 

Our missionary work in Alabama has made encouraging progress 
during the year. Earl}- in the year we made an effort to get another 
worker in the cause in that State. We could have succeeded if we 
would have had the necessary funds. The congregation near Jackson- 
ville has a new house of worship in the process of construction, which 
will be completed by the end of the year. This congregation has also 
secured a lot for a parsonage. In the town of Auuiston there are 20 
or more members. Here a lot worth $1200 has been secured for $600, 
which is being paid in annual installments of $100 each. Our mission- 
ary has secured funds from different brethren to aid in the payment of 
these installments. 

Tallapoosa, Ga., is a very important mission point. There are 6 
or 7 very respectable families at this place, and more will move in 
this fall. These form an excellent nucleus for a congregation. 

Birmingham, Ala., is also a place worthy of our attention, and 
should become a mission point, as it is one of the most progressive 
towns of the South. St. Michael's congregation desires a pastor in 
their midst. This congregation is awake to its duty. It has 45 mem- 
bers and 66 Sunday-school scholars. Collections are taken each serv- 
ice and every Sabbath in Sunday-school. The community would 
support a school. The congregation and school would pay $400 or 
more to any one who would be willing to preach and teach. It also 
has an eight acre parsonage lot. 

This whole field has 100 members in these points to which our 
missionary has given his attention, including St. Michael's, besides 
many scattered members in other places. This field, dear brethren, 
is calling earnestly for more laborers. Can we pass this call unheeded 
and find ourselves blameless before the Head of the church ? 

In South Carolina there is no missionary directly under the con- 



22 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



trol of the conference, but individual pastors have done a good work. 
Some money has been appropriated, and the wants of our people are 
attended to. 

The Chairman of Executive Committee of Missions of Virginia 
Conference reports : 

"Our missionary work is encouraging. Onr mission stations are 
regularly supplied ; and fraternally united, we are pushing the work 
of missions in the best possible manner under the present circum- 
stances. Two churches within our Conference have been built and 
dedicated since the last convention of Synod. 

Our mission in Eastern Virginia is now vacant, Rev. J. S. Koiner 
having resigned in August, but is suppljdng the field till a missionary 
can be secured. Our territory is white unto harvest, many points call- 
ing for the Bread of Life at our hands, but the laborers are too few 
to answer all and establish mission points where needed. Let us be- 
seech the great Head of the church to send us more pastors who are 
eqxial to these things." 

The Chairman of Executive Committee of Missions of the N. C. 
Conference reports : 

"There has been but little progress in our mission work in North 
Carolina since the last meeting of our Synod. No additional work 
has been undertaken, though the field is broad and the calls are urgent. 

The work already under our care is being prosecuted ; and our 
missionary at Monroe announces his purpose to complete our church 
there by next January. 

Besides the missionary operations carried on through the regular 
channels, a good deal of work is being done by individual effort. In- 
cluding the two points mentioned above, six county towns are under 
the care of our committee. 

The harvest truly is great : the want of men and means are great- 
ly to be deplored. With a greater degree of unanimity and co-opera- 
tion among our pastors, these wants will soon be supplied ; and then 
blessing and prosperity will attend the work of our hands." 

Taking a survey of the whole field, we find there is a missionarv 
spirit gradually growing among our people. We think the greatest 
difficulty lying in the way of our mission work is the want of educa- 
tion along this line. The church has the means to carry on this work 
of the Master, but the habit of systematic giving has not been properly 
inculcated among many congregations. Let us teach them that the 
only true evidence of a pure Christianity is a progressive spirit of 
church extension. We cannot hide our light under a bushel, but set 
it upon a candlestand, so it may shine into the dark places of the earth. 
It is sad to relate that some of our pastors do not have a large mis- 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 23 



sionary spirit, and therefore fail to arouse their people to a sense of 
their duty. 

Brethren, let us endeavor to double our funds during the next 
year, and heed the Macedonian cry of Alabama, Send another laborer 
into this important field. 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. P. CLINE, 
R. H. CLINE. 

Time for the next annual convention of this Synod, 
Friday before the first Sunday in October, 1892. 

The President, by motion, appointed the following 
committee to nominate delegates for the United S3 7 nod of 
the South, Revs. W. P. Cline, A. L,. Crouse, J. P. Price. 

The Committee on Examination, Rev. S. Henkel, 
D. D., chairman, submitted the following: 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXAMINATION. 

We, the committee appointed to hold a colloquium with Rev. J. 
L. Deaton, who has been dismissed from the E. L. Pennsylvania 
Synod, to our S} T nod, and finding him in harmony with us iu doctrine 
and practice, recommend that he be received in connection with our 
Synod ; and having been also appointed to examine Messrs. L. L,. 
Lohr and Jacob Wike, theological students, as to their attainments 
and character to bear the office of pastor, and finding them, after 
careful examination, qualified to bear this office, we recommend that 
the}- be ordained. We further recommend, that Rev. J. M. Smith 
preach the ordination sermon. 

Respectfull}- submitted, 

S. HENKEL, 
J. M. SMITH, 
A. L. CROUSE, 
J. K. EFIRD, 
R. H. CLINE, 
E. L. LYBRAND. 

On motion, Synod set apart Sunday afternoon for the 
ordination services of the candidates, Messrs. L,. L,. Lohr 
and Jacob Wike. 

Synod adjourned to meet on Monday morning at 9 
o'clock. Benediction by Rev. S. Henkel, D. D. 



14 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD-. 

FIFTH SESSION. 



Monday, October 12, 10 A. M. 

The President called the Synod to order, and divine 
services were conducted by Rev. J. P. Price. The Secre- 
tary called the roll and read the minutes of the previous 
sessions, which were received, and after proper correction 
were adopted. 

Rev. C. H. Bemheim, Chairman of the Committee on 
Treasurer's Report, submitted the following : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON TREASURERS' REPORTS. 

Your committee have examined the reports of both Treasurers 
of Beneficiary aud Synod, and find the same correct. 

C. H. BERNHEIM, 

D. I. OFFMAN, 
J. C. FULMER. 

The report was adopted. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Chairman of the Committee on 
Church Institutions, offered the following report ; 
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CHURCH INSTITUTIONS. 

We, the Committee on Church Institutions, have examined the 
report of the President of the Board of Trustees of Concordia College. 
Conover, North Carolina, addressed to Synod. 

It says, in new of the present conditions of things, the school is 
succeeding quite well. The number in attendance is good. The order 
and discipline are commendable, and the work, on the part of the 
teachers and students, seems to be quite successful. 

It also states, that the Professor of Theology, elected by last year's 
Synod, is not at his post, and that place is now vacant, and asks Synod 
to fill it. 

We recommend that Synod grant the request, and suggest Rev. 
J. M. Smith as a suitable man to fill that place. 

We have also examined the Report of the President of the Faculty 
of Concordia College, Conover, North Carolina, addressed to Synod. 

It says, notwithstanding our sorrowful divisions, the school is 
enjoying a fair measure of prosperity. The enrollment of students 
for the present term is 10S. Of these 25 are boarding students ; 10 are 
in the college classes, and 18 in the music department. It also says 
the lack of a theological teacher at the college during the present 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 

term, has operated against the school, and it hopes Synod may do 
something towards healing the divisions, and placing the school on a 
more permanent and solid basis. 

Respectfully submitted, S. HENKEL, 

J. C. MOSER. 

"Pending the discussion of the above report, Synod 
adjourned for divine services and refreshments. Bene- 
diction by Rev. S. Henkel, D. D. 



SIXTH SESSION. 



Monday, October 12, 1 P. M. 
Rev. J. G. Schaid, chairman of the committee on the 
temperance question, reported the following : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON TEMPERANCE. 
We, your committee appointed to report suitable resolutions in 
regard to the whisky evil, would respectfully present the following : 

Resolved 1. That we recognize with sorrow the deep and wide- 
spread desolation occasioned by the use of intoxicating drinks. 

2. That we recognize our duty again to clearly define our attitude 
as one of uncompromising opposition to this as well as all other forms 
of sin. 

3. That we consider the traffic in intoxicating liquors, as well as 
their use as a beverage, inconsistent with the conduct of a Chris- 
tian. Respectfully submitted, 

J. G. SCHAID, 
J. I. MILLER, 
J. H. WISE. 

Item 1 was sustained. 
Item 2 was sustained. 
Item 3 was sustained. 
The report was adopted as a whole. 
The following preamble and resolutions were unani- 
mously adopted : 

SUNDAY CLOSING OF COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION. 

Inasmuch as other ecclesiastical bodies have memorialized the 
Committee of the Columbian Exposition, to be held in Chicago in the 
year 1892-3, to close said Exposition on Sundays ; therefore, 



26 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Resolved i. That the Tennessee Synod unites most heartily with 
such ecclesiastical bodies to petition said Committee of the Interna- 
tional Exposition to close said Exposition on Sundays. 

Resolved 2. That our Corresponding Secretary furnish said com- 
mittee a copy of this action. 

The Report of Committee on Church Institutions was 
resumed for further consideration by Synod. The recom- 
mendation set forth by the committee in the report was not 
sustained. 

LETTER OF DISMISSAL. 

This is to certify that the Rev. John L. DeaTON is a member, in 
good standing, of the Evangelical Lutheran Miuisterium of Pennsyl- 
vania and adjacent States, and receives this honorable dismissal, at 
his own request, to enable him to apply for admission into the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, with which his charge is connected. 

G. F. KROTEL, 
Pres. Evan. Luth. Minis, of Pa., etc. 
New York, Sept. 24, 1891. 

With reference to the preceding letter of honorable 
dismissal from the Ministerium of Pennsylvania to the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, it was 

Resolved, That Rev. John L. Deaton, according to the regula- 
tions of our Synod, appear before Synod's Examining Committee for 
a colloquium, and upon the favorable report of the committee, be re- 
ceived into Synod and his name placed upon the clerical roll. 

Rev. R. A. Yoder, Chairman of Committee on Appor- 
tionment, submitted the following : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON APPORTIONMENT. 

We, your committee to apportion the amount of funds to be raised 
by Synod for all her work of beneficence, among the different pastors, 
beg leave to submit the following : 

The apportionment is based upon the communicant membership, 
taken from the Parochial Report of 1890. It stands upon that basis as 
follows : 



MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



'-7 



Per Cent. 

J. R. Peterson \)A 

S. Henkel 3 . 

C. H. Bernheim 3 

J. M. Smith 5 

J. I. Miller 1 

L. A. Bikle 2 

I. Conder 1 1 /, 

J. N. Stirevvalt 5% 

A. L,. Crouse 3 

J. P. Stirewalt 6 

J. C. Moser 4^ 

L. L. Lohr 4 

J. W. Hausenflnck 4^ 

J. K. Efird 4 

J. A. Cromer 4 

E. L. Lybrand 4% 



Per Cent. 

R. A. Yoder 4% 

J. S. Koiner 1 

W. P. Cline 3)4 

D. J. Settlemyre 3 

D. A. Sox 1 

J. A. Rudisill 6 

J. F. Moser . . 1 

R. H. Cline 2 

P. C. Wike 3 l A 

J. P. Price i/ 2 

W. L. Darr 3^ 

D. I. Offman i)4 

J. P. Miller 1 

J. G. Schaid 2 

J. L. Deaton 3 

Jacob Wike 1 



Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER, 
E. L. LYBRAND, 
S. HENKEIv. 
The above report was adopted as a whole. 
The following candidates for the ministry were recom- 
mended and referred to the Examining Committee : Messrs. 
J. A. Arnt, F. K. Roof, H. J. Mathias, Cephas K. I^ippard, 
J. Iy. Cromer. 

APPROPRIATIONS FOR BENEFICIARIES. 
Synod appropriated the following amounts for Bene- 
ficiary Education : 

J. J. George, $100.00 ; S. S. Keisler, $100.00 ; T. J. 
Craps, $40.00. The above beneficiaries were ordered by 
Synod to pursue their studies at Highland College, Hick- 
ory, N. C. 

The following resolution in reference to the style of 
church building prevailed : 

Inasmuch as it costs about as much to build well as ill ; and inas- 
much as the mind is reached by the eye as well as the ear, therefore 

Resolved, That we recommend the Gothic Style of church archi- 
tecture. as the most suitable for our worship. 



28 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

RESOLUTION OF THANKS. 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Synod are due, and are hereby 
extended to the members of this congregation and the kind people of 
this community, for the fraternal reception extended us, and for the 
kindness and hospitality we have enjoyed during our sojourn in their 
midst. 

Rev. W. P. Cline, Chairman of Committee to nomi- 
nate Delegates to the United Synod, submitted the follow- 
ing report : 
REPORT OF COMMITTEE TO NOMINATE DELEGATES 
TO UNITED SYNOD. 
principals. Virginia. ALTERNATES. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D Rev. I. Conder, 

" J. I. Miller, D. D " J. N. Stirewalt, 

" P. C. Wike " R. H. Cline. 

LAY-DELEGATES. ALTERNATES. 

Elon O. Henkel J. J. Moyer, 

Silone Zirkle Wm. Coffman, 

Samuel A. Ryman Jacob L. Hepner. 

principals. North Carolina. ALTERNATES. 

Rev. A. L. Crouse Rev. D. J. Settlemyre, 

" R. A. Yoder " J. L. Deaton, 

" J. M. Smith " J. G. Schaid, 

" J. A. Rudisill " L. L. Lohr, 

" D. I. Offman " J. F. Moser. 

LAY-DELEGATES. ALTERNATES. 

Silas Smyre J. S. Propst, 

William Yoder J. S. Fry, 

D. P. Boger Jas. T. Miller, 

J. S. Lipe C. J. Deal, 

G. Shell W. A. Beck. 

principals. South Carolina. alternates. 

Rev. J. K. Efird Rev. W. L. Darr, 

" E. L. Lybrand " J. A. Cromer. 

LAY-DELEGATES. alternates. 

Hon. H. A. Meetze Carrol Bookman, 

C. M. Efird, Esq Albert Eargle. 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. P. CLINE, 
A. L. CROUSE, 
J. P. PRICE. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 29 

Rev. J. A. Cromer, by request of Chairman, Rev. J. P. 
Stirewalt, Committee on the State of the Church, read the 
following report : 
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

We, your Committee on the State of the Church, beg leave to 
submit the following : 

VIRGINIA. 

In this State our congregations are in a growing condition. The3 r 
are all supplied with earnest and energetic pastors. Not one is with- 
out regular services, only one has services on every Lord's day. Whilst 
we have at this time no appointed Missionary of Conference, yet 
mission work within our bounds is receiving due attention. Our Vir- 
ginia Conference largely supports a missionary. New mission points 
are likely to be opened up during this year. Some of our pastorates 
are still too large, but an action of the last convention of our confer- 
ence is likely to remedy this, so that better results may be realized. 
The larger part of our congregations carry on well-conducted Sunday- 
schools, and catechetical instructions are regularly given. Christian 
giving is on the increase. Three new church edifices have been erected 
in our conference during this year. Two have been recently dedica- 
ted, and, no doubt, the other will be dedicated soon. One of these, 
namely, St. Paul's, at Hupp, Va., has been built in a section of the 
country where there never was a Lutheran church before. Its pros- 
pects are flattering. Brotherly love prevails among our pastors and 
between pastors and people. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

In North Carolina the reports from the various pastorates and 
congregations made at the last meeting of conference, indicate that 
the condition of the church is, in some respects, quite gratifying. 
Growth, progress, and increasing activity are manifest in most of our 
congregations. In many pastorates there is a marked development 
in the line of Christian giving ; while in others, we regret to say, 
there is no progress in this direction. It is greatly to be deplored that 
this is the case, when the mission field is so broad, and the cry for 
help is so loud and frequent. 

In general the work of preaching the Word and instructing the 
young is performed with diligence and fidelity ; but it is to be regret- 
ted that, owing to want of pastors, and large pastorates, many of our 
congregations have preaching but once a month, and but little pas- 
toral visiting. We hope the time is soon coming when this evil will 
be remedied. 



30 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 
SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Our churches in South Carolina, with one or two exceptions, are 
in a prosperous condition, — in the opinion of your committee,— more 
so than they have been in many years. Some of our old churches 
have been beautified by the paint brush, a new one has been dedicated 
at Little Mountain, the material, or part of it, is on the ground for 
one at Chapin, and the prospects are that one will soon be com- 
menced at New Brooklyn ; also, St. Thomas congregation has nearly 
completed a commodious house. 

Attendance on public worship has been very good, the people 
seem anxious to hear the Word, and seem more attached than ever to 
the dear old Church of the Reformation. 

Missionary societies have been organized in some of the churches, 
and are doing a good work. 

Our people are increasing in liberality, and are endeavoring to 
give their pastors a better support. 

All of our churches have Sunday-schools, and. most of them are 
in a flourishing condition, and in all of them the literature of our 
church is used, and the Bible and Luther's Catechism have the first 
place. 

ALABAMA. 

As the pastor sees it, the State of the Church in Alabama is in a 
progressive condition generally. St. Michael's congregation was dis- 
couraged in not getting the services last year of Mr. J. T. Miller, yet 
they are doing very well. Near Jacksonville we have a new church 
nearly completed, and the congregation is in a prosperous condition. 
At Anniston many of our members there have moved away during the 
summer, but they are to return again this winter ; however, hopes 
are entertained that the congregation will all return soon and more 
besides. We will secure our lot in Anniston. There is an opening in 
Tallapoosa, Georgia, for an organization which will be effected soon. 
Upon the whole the pastor is inclined to believe that the whole work 
in Alabama is in a progressive condition. 

J. P. STIREWALT, 
J. A. CROMER. 

The report was received and adopted ; Synod then ad- 
journed. Benediction by Rev. J. N. Stirewalt. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 31 



SEVENTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, Oct. 13, 9 A. M. 

Synod was called to order by the President. Rev. J. 
N. Stirewalt conducted divine services. 

Secretary read the minutes of the previous day, which 
were received, and after proper corrections were adopted. 

The following letter from Rev. G. W. Holland, D. D., 
corresponding delegate from the South Carolina Synod to 
this body, was read and ordered to be recorded in the 
minutes : 

FRATERNAL LETTER. 

Newberry, N. C, Oct. 9, 1891. 
To the President of the Evang. Lutheran Tennessee Synod : 
Dear Brother in Christ : — As the delegate of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Synod of South Carolina, I extend to your body, now in ses- 
sion, fraternal greetings in the name of our common Lord. 

The Synod of South Carolina bids you God-speed in 3'our zeal for 
the pure truth of God's Word, and prays for a true unity in doctrine 
and cultus in all the synods and churches of our United Synod of the 
South. 

Fraternally in Christ, G. W. HOLLAND, 

Delegate of S. C. Synod. 

In view of the fraternal spirit and j ust views expressed in 
the above letter, Synod reciprocated the brotherly greet- 
ings, and in token of her sincerity elected a delegate to at- 
tend the next regular meeting of the South Carolina Synod, 
to be held in Augusta, Ga., October 21, 1892. 

Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D., Chairman of the Committee 
on Resolutions on the death of Revs. D. Efird and M. L,. 
Little, submitted the following report : 



J2 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



IN MEMORIAM. 



Respect to Memory of Revs. Marcus L. Little and Daniel Efird. 



Whereas, In theorderingof Divine Providence our dear brethren, 
M. L. Little and D. Efird, have been taken from us and gathered to 
the fathers ; be it 

Resolved I. That by the removal of these brethren the church on 
earth has lost faithful ministers and able teachers and defenders of the 
doctrines of God's grace ; our country, true citizens ; and their be- 
reaved families, ^exemplary Christian fathers. 

Resolved 2. That we receive in reverent submission this dispensa- 
tion of our Heavenly Father, cherish with gratitude the memory of 
the self-denying services of our fellow-workers in the Gospel, and are 
reminded that our period of labor on earth is short. 

Resolved 3. That we tender our sincere sympathy to the families 
of the deceased, and commend them to the care of Him who is Father 
to the fatherless. 

Resolved 4. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the families 
of the deceased, aud that a page in our Minutes be inscribed to their 
rnemory. 

J. I. MILLER, 
J. M. SMITH. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 33 

The report was received and adopted by a standing 
vote. 

The following resolutions were offered and adopted : 

Resolved, That we raise $1,000 for synodical funds during the 
synodical year. 

Resolved, That a column in our Parochial Table be added irnme- 
diatety after Sunday-school scholars, for the per cent, funds to be raised 
by each pastor. 

Synod adjourned to meet at the time and place select- 
ed, and was closed by divine services led by the President. 

ROBERT H. CLJNE, 
Secretary. 



RELIGIOUS EXERCISES. 



Opening Sermon, Rev. W. P. Cline ; Friday, 10 A. M., Gen. 22,36. 

Saturday, 11 A. M., Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D. ; Luke 8, 18. 

Sunday, 11 A. M., Rev. S. Henkel, D. D. ; 1 Cor. 11, 25— middle 
clause. 

Sunday, 2 P. M., Rev. J. M. Smith, Ordination Sermon, 2 Cor. 5, 
18-20. 

Sunday night, 7 P. M., Rev. J. A. Rudisill ; James 1, 27. 

Monday, 11 A. M., Rev. J. G. Schaid ; Matth. 9, 22. 



34 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 
i. — Devotional exercises by the President. 
2.— Call of Clerical Roll. 

3. — Reception and Enrollment of Day-Delegates. 
4. — Reading of President's Report. 
5. — Election of Officers. 
6. — Reception of Advisory Members. 
7. — Reception of Detters and Petitions. 
8. — Appointment of Standing Committees, 
q. — Devotion. 



OTHER DAYS. 
■ — Devotion. 
—Calling of Roll. 

— Reading and Correction of Minutes. 
— Unfinished Business. 
— Reports of Standing Committees. 
— Report of Special Committees. 
— Resolutions. 
— New Business. 
— Devotion. 



LIST OF CHURCHES IN CONNECTION WITH THE EVAN- 
GELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ALABAMA. 

Cleburne County. — St. Michael, Emmanuel. 
Calhoun County. — Zion. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Lexington County. — Zion, St. Peter (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Immanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethle- 
hem, St. Thomas, Mt. Horeb, Holy Trinity. 

Richland County. — St. Andrew, Mt. Tabor. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Alamance County. — Mt. Pleasant. 
Alexander County. — Friendship, Salem, Shiloh. 
Burke County. — Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 
Caldwell County. — Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Trinity. 
Cabarrus County.— St. Martin, Mt. Gilead. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 35 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. 
Paul, St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, 
Bethel, St. Timothy, Mt. Olive. 

Cleveland County. — St. Matthew. 

Davidson County. — Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem, 
Holly Grove. 

Gaston County. — St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

Iredell County.— Sharon, St. Martin. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinity, Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon. 

Mecklenberg County. — Morning Star. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthon. 

Rowan County.— Mt. Moriah, St. Mark, Phanuel. 

Stanley County.— St. Martin, Zion. 

Union County. — Emmanuel, St. Luke. 

Watauga County. — Valle Crusis, Mt. Pleasant. 

VIRGINIA. 

Augusta County. — St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. — Bethany (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, 
Trinity, St. Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel, St. Paul. 

Prince William County. — Bethel. 

Page County.— St. Paul, St. William (Fairview), Grace, Mt. 
Calvary, Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. 
Mary (Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, 
St. Stephen, St. David, Mt. Calvary, Morning Star. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 

Total number, 109. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved 1. That each of our pastors is required to present to his 
people the educational and missionary work of Synod, to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, to take up in each of his congre- 
gations collections for the general work of the Church, and to report 
at each regular convention of our Synod : and that in the case of pas- 
tors failing to do this, inquiry shall be made, and unless satisfactory 
reasons be rendered, such pastor, after the first and second admonition, 
may be subject to the censure of this Synod. 



36 MINUTES OK EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Resolved 2. That the Council of each congregation be requested 
to send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written Report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechis- 
ing those who propose to become members of our communion, pre- 
vious to their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, and 
rather a loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the 
Church, without the slightest examination of them in regard to their 
religious knowledge and other qualifications for church membership, 
has been practiced by some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved 3. That we earnestly recommend all our ministers and 
congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all 
who make application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, 
by Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous 
to their confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when per- 
sons of age and experience make application , or such young persons 
as have been so favorably situated as to have had opportunities to be- 
come acquainted with and to have informed themselves of our doctrines 
and customs, seek church privileges, we recommend that their re- 
quest be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have been ex- 
amined by the pastor, before the council, and have been approved by 
them. 

Resolved 4. That the ministers of our connection be requested to 
endeavor to get up and encourage Sunday-schools in all their congre- 
gations and report their success to the Committee on the State of the 
Church, some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 5. That the Committee on the State of the Church be 
required to make every reasonable effort, during the S3'nodical year, 
to ascertain the condition of all the congregations in our connection, 
and report the same to the annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 6. That it be the duty of the President, with the consent 
of the pastor elect and congregation, to appoint a committee of instal- 
lation, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in our Synod, 
to perform this ceremony. 

Resolved 7. That no minister be excused who does not sufficient- 
ly respect Synod as to send directly to it the reasons for his absence. 

Resolved 8. That we hereby establish a Synodical Fund, to be 
raised by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which 
all contingent expenses of Synod are to be met. 

Resolved g. That hereafter the expenses of corresponding dele- 
gates to sister Synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 

Resolved 10. That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our Min- 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 37 

isters to ask their Congregations to defray their expenses in attending 
the meetings of our Synod. 

Resolved 11. That the ministers connected with this Synod, when 
absent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending 
in their reports to Synod. 

Resolved 11. That the Mission Work of this Synod be transferred 
to the several Conferences. 

Resolved 13. That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestl}- 
and actively in this work under such regulations as may to them seem 
best. 

Resolved //. That the chairmen of the Executive Committee of 
Missions in our Conferences be, and are hereby, required to report an- 
nually to Synod a full, written report of the Missionary work of their 
bodies during the year. 

Resolved r$. That the reports of the Conferences in regard to 
Mission Work, be referred to the Committee on the State of the 
Church. 

Resolved 16. That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in 
their power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, 
lecturing, and catechisation, with a view sooner or later of getting men 
of their own color to look after the spiritual interests of their race in 
connection with the Lutheran church. 

WHEREAS, It is meet and right that the dignity, sacredness, and 
solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and 
in order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved ij. That Synod recommend, that all applicants for ex- 
amination and ordmation, and for whom there are petitions to Synod 
from a congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination 
and ordination, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services 
on the part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some 
session of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and, if 
found qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further 

Resolved 18. That it is the sentiment of this Synod, that this rec- 
ommendation should be acquiesced in, in all possible cases, as the or- 
der of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved ig. That, with a view of establishing proper relations be- 
tween Concordia College, situated at Conover, N. C, and the Evangel- 
ical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, we, in meeting assembled, agree, 1. 
that whenever a vacancy, or vacancies, occur, either by death, resig. 
nation, or removal, in the Board of Trustees or in the Faculty, the said 
Synod shall have the right as well as the privilege to recommend a 
suitable person, or persons, to fill such vacancy or vacancies ; 2. that 
the Synod shall have the right to appoint a Board of Visitors, whose 



38 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOU. 

duty it shall be annually to visit said school, and make such report of 
the condition of the school to each session of the Synod, as be deemed 
most advantageous ; 3. that it shall be the duty of the President of the 
Faculty to make a report annually to the Synod, relative to moral and 
literary condition of the school, which report shall also be signed by 
the secretary of the faculty ; 4. that the President of the Board of Trus- 
tees shall also make an annual report to Synod, in regard to the finan- 
cial condition of the school, which report shall likewise be signed by 
the secretary of the Board of Trustees ; 5. that this school shall be 
continued and conducted as a church institution, under such rules and 
regulations, as may be instituted by the Board of Trustees, in accord- 
ance with the charter, and the Confessions of the Church as set forth 
in the Christian Book of Concord, each teacher, instructor, or profes- 
sor, taking an obligation not to teach anything in said school that is 
contrary to said Confessions. 

These stipulations or proposition shall be valid and in force, pro- 
vided the said Synod shall acquiesce, and is disposed to lend said insti- 
tution its fostering care and encouragement, as well as its influence 
and moral force ; provided, that if the Synod shall fail, after notice, to 
recommend, in due time, a suitable person or persons to fill such va- 
cancy or vacancies, the proper authorities of said institution shall pro- 
ceed to fill such vacancy or vacancies. 

Resolved 20. That we, as a Synod, accept the propositions made 
to us by the Board of Trustees of Concordia College, and that in con- 
sideration of the rights and privileges therein granted, we will lend to 
said institution our fostering care, influence, and moral support. — See 
Minutes 0/1883, page 18. 

Resolved 21. That our beneficiaries and students of theology shall 
neither preach nor absent themselves from their recitations without 
special permission of the faculty of Concordia College, and that we 
advise that they preach not more than once a month. 

Resolved 22. That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, 
consulting with the pastor loci, to arrange for the Sunday-school serv- 
ices, to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, by 
appointing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting subjects, 
and informing the speakers of their selection at least two months pre- 
vious to each meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 23. That the President and Secretary of this Synod be 
hereafter the Standing Board of Missions. 



PAROCHIAL TABLE. 



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INDEX. 

PAGE- 

Appropriations for Beneficiaries 27 

Alabama Mission 12-14 

Beneficiaries 4 

Candidates for the Ministry 4 

Election of Officers 7 

Foreign Missions 11 

Home Missions 11 

In Memoriam 32 

List of Churches in Connection with E. L. Tennessee Synod . . 34-35 

Letter of Dismissal 26 

Lay Delegates 4-5 

Ministerial Roll 3-4 

Mission Board of Synod 2 

Officers of Synod 2 

Order of Business , 34 

Place and Time of Next Convention 2 

President's Report 5-7 

Parochial Table 39 

Report of Assistant Treasurer Beneficiary Fund 10 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions 17-19 

Report of Committee on President's Report 20 

Report of Committee on Examination 23 

Report of Committee on Unfinished Business 14-15 

Report of Committee on Distribution of Minutes 15-16 

Report of Com. on Revised Course of Study for Private Students 16-17 

Report of the Board of Missions 21-23 

Report of the Treasurer 10-14 

Report of Committee on Treasurer's Reports 24 

Report of Committee on Church Institutions 24-25 

Report of Committee on Temperance 25 

Sunday Closing of the Columbian Exposition 25-26 

Report of Committee on Apportionment 26-27 

Resolution of Thanks 28 

Report of Committee to Nominate Delegates to United Synod. . 28 

Report of Committee on State of the Church 29-30 

Standing Committees 2, 8 



IlVmSTTTTIES 



OF THE 



Called Session 



OF THE 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



TENNESSEE SYNOD, 



HEI/D IN 



ST. JAMES C^U^CH, 



Near Newton, Catawba Co., N. C, 



DECEMBER 26, 1890. 



MINUTES 

OF THE 

CA-LIliIEID SESSIOIT 

OF THE 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 



The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met in 
called session with St. James Evangelical Lutheran con- 
gregation, near Newton, Catawba Co., N. C, December 
26-27, 1890. 

The President, Rev. W. P. Cline, preached the open- 
ing sermon from Isaiah 2, 5. 

The Secretary called the clerical roll, and noted the 
ministers absent. 

MINISTERIAL ROLL. 

PASTORS. POST-OFFICES. 

Rev. J. R. Peterson Dallas, N. C. 

" T. Moser* Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

" S. Henkel, D. D.* New Market, Va. 

" C. H. Bernheim Conover, N. C. 

" D. Eflrd* Lexington, S. C. 

" J. M. Smith Conover, N. C. 

" Prof. L. A. Bikle. D. D Concord, N. C. 

" Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D.* Luray, Va. 

" I. Conder* McGaheysville, Va. 

" J. N. Stirewalt* Stony Man, Va. 

* Absent. 



MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 43 

Rev. A. L. Crouse Hickory, N. C. 

" J. P. Stirewalt* New Market, Va. 

" Prof. M. L. Little Dallas, N. C. 

'* J. C. Moser Hickory, N. C. 

" J. K. Efird* Rightwell, S. C. 

" J. A. Cromer* Columbia, S. C. 

" E. L. Lybrand* Summit Point, S. C. 

" Prof. R. A. Yoder Conover, N. C. 

" J. S. Koiner* Culpeper C. H., Va. 

" D. A. Sox* Edwardsville, Ala. 

" D. A. Goodman Connelly's Springs, N.C. 

" J. W. Hausenfluck* Alma, Va. 

" Prof. W. P. Cline Ilex, N. C. 

" D. J. Settlemyre New Sterling, N. C. 

" J. A. Rudisill Henry, N. C. 

" R. H. Cline . New Market, Va. 

" P. C. Wike* Maurertown, Va. 

" D. C. Huffman* Hickory, N. C. 

" Prof. J. G. Schaid Conover, N. C. 

" J. P. Price* Concord, N. C. 

" J. F. Moser Monroe, N. C. 

" W. L. Darr* Chapin, S. C. 

" D. I. Offmau Julian, N. C. 

" J. P. Miller Conover, N. C. 

* Absent. 

LAY-DELEGATES. 

The following lay-delegates were enrolled, after pre- 
senting their certificates of election : 

Julian Mathias— Zion, S. C. 

A. N. Bowlan— St. Peter's (P. W.), S. C. 

J. L. Cromer — St. Andrew's, S. C. 

F. L. Fry— Friendship, N. C. 

Thomas Barns — Salem, N. C. 

D. J. Shuford— Lutheran Chapel, N. C. 

E. E. Cline— Philadelphia, N. C. 
George W. Rabb— St. James, N. C. 
A. G. Copenning — Grace, N. C. 
Jonas Hunsucker — Concordia, N. C. 

F. J. Dellinger— St. John's, N. C. 

G. A. Bolick— St. Paul, N. C. 
Q. M. Smith— St. Peter's, N. C. 



44 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

D. W. Huffman— St. Stephen, N. C. 

J. S. Goodman— Trinity, N. C. 

H. G. Seitz— Zion, N. C. 

M. L. Cline— Holy Trinity, N. C. 

D. P. Yount— Newton, N. C. 

J. E. Coulter— Sardis, N. C. 

D. F. Carpenter— Bethel, N. C. 

J. T. Miller— Trinity, N. C. 

T. L. Steine— Mt. Olive, N. C. 

W. A. Mooney— St. Matthew's, N. C. 

H. H. Conrad— Pilgrim, N. C. 

G. W. Crouse— Beck, N. C. 

Haley Myers — Emmanuel, N. C. 

T. C. Foust— New Jerusalem, N. C. 

R. L,. Fritz— Holly Grove, N. C. 

M. H. Costner— Philadelphia, N. C. 

W. M. Robinson— Lutheran Chapel, N. C. 

Melchi Ho vis— Iron Station, N. C. 

C. Pasour — Antioch, N. C. 

N. N. Stroup— Christ's Church, N. C. 

Henry Setzer — Sharon, N. C. 

J. S. Fry- -St. John's, N. C. 

J. P. Collins— St. Martin, N. C. 

Wm. Yoder— Daniel, N. C. 

M. R. Bost— Salem, N. C. 

J. Iv. Rice— Morning Star, N. C. 

W. P. Carpenter— Mt. Moriah, N. C. 

J. H. Boyte— St. Luke, N. C. 

Jacob Wike — Friendship and Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

Dear Brethren in Christ : — Through the mercy of our Heaven- 
ly Father, we have been permitted to assemble in extra convention of 
Synod, for the purpose of deliberating upon several very important 
subjects, which now claim our serious attention. Let us pray that an 
allwise Providence may so direct our hearts and minds, that our labors 
ma3' advance the interests and welfare of his kingdom, and that 
harmony and good-will may prevail among the brethren of our be- 
loved church. 

The first subject which we submit for your consideration, is as fol- 
lows : Mr. J. G. Hall, of Hickory, N. C, trustee of certain property 
lying in and near the town of Hickory, known as the Lenoir school 
site, on which Hickory Highland Academy is now located, has pro- 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 45 

posed to donate said school site and certain other lands contiguous to 
the above school site, granted to Mr. Hall, by will of the late Col. W. 
W. Lenoir, on certain conditions and specifications as set forth in a 
document submitted with this report. 

In the second place, we have lately received a communication from 
the Rev. C. H. Bernheim, Secretary of the Board of Trustees of Con- 
cordia College, Conover, N. C, setting forth a series of resolutions 
passed by that body on Dec. 18, 1890, in which resolutions the said 
Board of Trustees offer Concordia College to our Synod. We also 
submit this report of the secretary. 

In the third place, we submit for your consideration the feasibility 
of having our Synod incorporated. As an organized body our Synod 
cannot hold property, nor can it exercise the functions of an individual 
in any process of law. This subject becomes one of vital importance 
to us, since the above proposition of Mr. Hall, and the offer of the 
Board of Trustees of Concordia College have been made. Also we 
have heard of several bequests to the Synod by brethren in their wills. 
Should these brethren be called to their reward in the Spirit world, 
would the Synod be in a condition before the courts of our country to 
receive such legacies ? 

These are the reasons why you have been called together so soon 
after the regular annual convention of our Synod. If we would have 
postponed the consideration of these matters until the next annual 
convention, the educational interests of our Synod would have been 
injured, or at least greatly delayed, owing to the fact, especially, that 
the Legislature of our State will meet this winter, and the measures 
proposed in the subjects presented to the Synod cannot be effected 
without some special legislation ; and should we fail to have this 
matter brought before the present legislature, we would not have an- 
other opportunity before the year 1893. 

We submit these propositions without making any recommenda- 
tions or suggestions as to what action you should take, willingly 
leaving them to the combined wisdom of this body to determine what 
course will be best to pursue, so that the highest welfare of our beloved 
church may be accomplished. Let us rejoice, dear brethren, that our 
Synod has reached such a high degree of unity in the faith, that we 
are no longer disturbed with doctrinal questions, but we have attained 
to that position wherein we "walk by the same rule, and mind the 
same thing," and now can turn our attention to economic questions, 
looking to the development of the material interests of our church. 
May the Great Head of the church so direct our labors in this conven- 
tion that his blessed kingdom 011 earth may be promoted, his name 
exalted before men, and that we can leave this house of prayer after 



46 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

our work shall have been done, and go to our homes and respective 
fields of labor feeling that our meeting has not been in vain. 

Respectfully submitted, W. P. CLINE. 

The report was received, and the several subjects 
mentioned in the said report were discussed without hav- 
ing referred it to a committee. After several days discus- 
sion, Synod decided, by a small majority, to locate the 
College at Conover, N. C. 

After tendering thanks to the congregation for the 
kind manner in which it entertained Synod, Synod ad- 
journed with the usual service. 

ROB'T H. CLINE, Secretary. 



INDEX. 

PAGE. 

Ministerial Roll . 42-43 

Lay Delegates 43-44 

President's Report 44-46 

Reception of President's Report 46 



MINUTES 



OE THE 
SEVENTY-SECOND ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 

TENNESSEE SYNOD, 

HELD IN 

HOLY TRINITY CHURCH, 

Hickory, Catawba County, North Carolina, 

SEPTEMBER 30 TO OCTOBER 4, 1892. 



Henkel & Co., Printers, New Market, Va.: 
Office of "Our Church Paper," "Shenandoah Valley," Etc. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President— Rev. A. L. CROUSE Hickory, N. C. 

Rec. Sec'y— Rev. P. C. WIKE Tom's Brook, Va. 

Cor. Sec'y— Rev. J. L. DEATON China Grove, N. C. 

Treasurer— Rev. J. P. STIREWAI/T New Market, Va. 



MISSION BOARD OF THE SYNOD. 



Revs. A. L. CROUSE and P. C. WIKE. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON ST A TE OF THE CHURCH. 
Revs. J. P. STTREWALT, C. H. BERNHEIM, J. G. SCHAID. 

ON EXAMINATION. 

Revs. S. HENKEL, D. D., R. H. CLINE, J. M. SMITH, J. C. 

MOSER, J. A. CROMER, E. L. LYBRAND. 



TIME AND PLACE OF NEXT CONVENTION. 



St. Matthew's Evangelical Lutheran Church, near Tom's Brook, 
Va., {pastor loci, Rev. P. C. Wike, ) was chosen as the place, and Sat- 
urday, 10 A. M., before the fourth Sunday in September, 1893, as the 
time. 




MINUTES 

OF THE 

SEVENTY-SECOND ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANG. LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



FIRST SESSION. 



Holy Trinity Church, Hickory, N. C, 
Friday, Sept. 30, 1892. 
The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met in 
her seventy-second annual convention with Holy Trinity 
congregation, Hickory, N. C, at 10 A. M., Sept. 30, 1892. 
The President, Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, preached the open- 
ing sermon from Phil. 1, 17, latter part of verse. The cleri- 
cal roll was called, and the names of the ministers present 
were enrolled. On certificate of their election, the dele- 
gates present were also enrolled. 

MINISTERIAL ROLL. 

Rev. J. R. Peterson Dallas, N. C. 

" T. Moser Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

" S. Henkel, D. D New Market, Va. 

" C. H. Bernheim Conover, N. C. 

" J. M. Smith Conover, N. C. 

" Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D Concord, N. C. 

" Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D* Luray, Va. 

" I. Conderf McGaheysville, Va. 

" S. S. Rahn Dallas, N. C. 

" A. L. Crouse Hickory, N. C. 

" J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

" J. C. Moser Hickory, N. C. 

" J. K. Efirdf Oakesdale, Washington. 

" J. A. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 



*Absent and not excused. -(-Absent and excused. 



4 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. E. L. Lybrand Summit Point, S. C. 

" Prof. R. A. Yoder Hickory, N. C. 

" J. S. Koiner Ladd, Va. 

" D. A. Soxf Edwardsville, Ala. 

" D. A. Goodman Hickory, N. C. 

" J. W. Hausenfluckf Rockingham, Va. 

" Prof. W. P. Cline Hickory, N. C. 

" D. J. Settlemyre New Sterling, N. C. 

" J. A. Rudisill Henry, N. C. 

" R. H. Cline New Market, Va. 

" P. C. Wike Tom's Brook, Va. 

" D. C. Huffman Hickory, N. C. 

" J. G. Schaid Chapin, S. C. 

" J. P. Price Concord, N. C. 

" J. F. Moser Monroe, N. C. 

" W. Iy. Darr Chapin, S. C. 

" D. I. Offman Julian, N. C. 

" J. P. Miller Conover, N. C. 

" Jacob Wike Ilex, N. C. 

" L. L. Lohr ... . , Dallas, N. C. 

" J. L. Deaton China Grove, N. C. 

" A. R. Beck Bristoe, Va. 

" S. L. Nease Little Mountain, S. C 

CANDIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

R. L. Fritz . Hickory, N. C. 

J. C. Wessinger Wessinger, S. C. 

G. E. Long Conover, N. C. 

Wm. H. Roof Columbia, S. C. 

Francis K. Roof Columbia, S. C. 

H. Julian Mathias Lexington, S. C. 

J. T. Craps Lewiedale, S. C. 

J. Allen Arut Arnt, N. C. 

E. J. Sox Hickory, N. C. 

Cephas K. Lippard Statesville, N. C. 

BENEFICIARIES. 

J. J. George Hickory, N. C. 

T. J. Craps Lewiedale, S. C. 

S. S. Keisler Ops, Ark. 

J. L. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

Arthur M. Pence Cootes's Store, Va. 

Benjamin F. Pence Forestville, Va. 

fAbsent and excused. 



"MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, IvUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

LAY-DELEGATES. 

Jonas Huffman — College Chapel, Gaston Co., N. C. 

John B. Dellinger — Sharon, Lincoln Co., N. C. 

A. G. Thompson — Christ Church, Gaston Co., N. C. 

James T. Miller— St. Timothy, Catawba Co., N. C. 

Silas Wike— St. John's, Catawba Co., N. C. 

L. Link— Philadelphia, Caldwell Co., N. C. 

M. E. Ekard— St. Stephen's, Catawba Co., N, C. 

Henry Setzer- -Sharon, Iredell, Co., N. C. 

L. C. Deatz— St. John's, Iredell Co., N. C. 

Gilbert Cline— St. Paul's, Catawba Co., N. C. 

John A. Hoke— St. Peter's, Catawba Co., N. C. 

P. K. Little— Bethel, Catawba Co., N. C. 

S. A. Youut— Mt. Olive, Catawba Co., N. C. 

S. A. Ryman — Rader's, Solomon's, St. Paul's (Rockingham). 
St. Mary's (Pine), Morning Star, Shenandoah Co., Va. 

E. L. Whitener— Zion's, N. C. 

D. E. Whitener— Holy Trinity, N. C. 

S. L. Nease— St. John's, S. C. 

A. N. Bowlan— Holy Trinity, S. C. 

S. F. Wheeler— St. Peter's (P. W.), S. C. 

D. J. Roof— Emmanuel 1 s, Mt. Tabor,. S. C. 

H. D. Smith— St. Peter's (Meetze's) S. C. 

G. F. Keisler— Cedar Grove, St. Paul's, St. James's. 

G. M. Yoder— Grace, N. C. 

G. W. Rabb— St. James's, N. C. 

Robt. E- Costner — Salem, Lincoln Co., N. C. 

N. C. Robinett — Salem, Alexander Co., N. C. 

J. F. Miller— St. Paul's, St. Jacob's, St. David's, Spring Valley, Va. 

J. L. Leonard— Trinity, N. C. 

P. M. Houser— Bethphage, N. C. 

David Yoder— Daniel, N. C. 

Jackson Moomaw— St. Paul's, St. Stephen's, St. Matthew's, Mt. 
Calvary, Shenandoah Co., Va. 

Herbert Hahn— Mt. Gilead, N. C. 

W. C. Crowell— St. Luke's. 

J. C. Wessinger— St. Thomas, Bethlehem, S. C. 

D. L. Fox— Coble's Church, S. C. 

Nimrod Moser — Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

T. I. Fox— Melanchthon, N. C. 

T. J. Yount— Shiloh, N. C. 

G. W. Conrad— Pilgrim, N. C. 



6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Haley Myers — Immanuel, N. C. 

A. H. Conrad— Holly Grove, N. C. 

A. J. Beck — New Jerusalem, N. C. 

Martin L. Rudisill— St. Mark's, N. C. 

Jonas Pasour— Antioch, N. C. 

W. W. Stroup— Chapel, N. C. 

J. L. Moretz— Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

Jacob Townseud — Friendship, N. C. 

J. P. Spenser — Concordia, N. C. 

A. R. Beck— Bethel, Va. 

C. M. Wagner— St, Martin's, N. C. 

H. P. Bolick— Trinity, Caldwell Co., N. C. 

L. M. Lippard— St. Mark's, Rowan Co., N. C. 

W. T. Houston — Morning Star, Mecklenburg Co., N. C. 

J. S. Deal— Newton, Catawba Co., N. C. 

C. J. Deal— Mt. Moriah, Rowan Co., N. C. 

C. A. Little— Mt. Zion, Caldwell Co. , N. C. 

C. M. Efird— Zion and St. Andrew's, S. C. 

D. E. Efird— St. Martin's, Stanley Co., N. C. 
J. J. George— St. Jacob's, S. C. 

J. M. Rhodes— St. John's, Gaston Co., N. C. 

W. A. Mauny— St. Matthew's, Cleveland Co., N. C. 

Dr. C. M. Bess— Cedar Grove, N. C. 

T. A. Setzer— Philadelphia, Gaston Co., N. C. 

The President read his report, which was received and 
referred to a committee to be yet appointed. 

PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

To the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, in Con- 
vention Assembled. 

Dear Fathers and Brethren in Christ Jesus : — May grace, mercy, 
and peace from God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, be and abide 
with us. 

The days, weeks, and months, comprising another synodical year, 
are about numbered. One more year's work therefore is to be added 
to the valuable history of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
Our kind Father in heaven, in the exercise of his providence and mer- 
cy, has permitted us to assemble ourselves together again in synodic- 
al convention. In coming here some of us have been exposed to 
great danger and some inconvenience, but God has been with us and 
shielded us. We are heartily thankful for his care and protection. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

We have come together for the purpose of laying plans and devising 
means for carrying on the important work which the great Master has 
enjoined upon us, his servants. Let us then, in all our deliberations, 
fear God. Let us exercise fervent charity among ourselves, and in- 
voke the Holy Spirit, as a Spirit of truth and power, to preside over us 
and to guide us in all our works and ways. 

We should be sincerely thankful to our dear heavenly Father for 
his special care and protection over us during the synodical year which 
has just ended, as well as during all former years and for all blessings. 
During this year our ministerial ranks remain unbroken by death. — 
The lives of all our pastors have been spared, and all have been per- 
mitted and enabled to labor to some extent, at least, in the vineyard 
of our divine Lord and Master. 

OFFICIAL ACTS. 

During the synodical year, I have performed only a few official 
acts. On October 10, 1891, I gave an order to Rev. D. A. Sox, the 
Synod's Missionary in Alabama, ou the Treasurer of Synod, Rev. J. 
N. Stirewalt, for $67.66, part of his salary for 1890 and 1891. On Oct. 
13, 1891, I gave an order to Rev. D. A. Sox on the Treasurer for $31.07, 
part of his salary for 1890 and 1891. On November 10, 1891, I order- 
ed the Synod's Treasurer to pay Rev. D. A. Sox the balance due on 
his salary for 1890 and 1891, which Rev. Sox, at that time, claimed to 
be nearly $100.00. The Treasurer's Report, now in my possession, will 
indicate the condition of the missionary's salary. 

On Dec. 11, 1891, I gave, upon his own application, John J. 
George, an order on Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, Treasurer of the Benefi- 
ciary Fund, for $100.00, this being the amount appropriated by Synod 
at her convention in St. Paul church, Lexington Co., S. C. On Dec. 
26, 1891, upon his own application, I issued an order in favor of S. S. 
Keisler on the Treasurer of the Beneficiary Fund for $100.00, this be- 
ing the amount appropriated by last year's Synod. 

INSTALLATIONS. 
» 
Ou October 11, 1891, I authorized Revs. J. P. Price and D. A. Sox 

to install Rev. E. L. Lybraud on the third Sunday of last October, at 
St. James church, Summit, Lexington Co., S. C. Rev. Sox wrote me 
on November 5th that they had performed said duty on the second 
Sunday of October instead of the third. At the request of the council 
of St. Peter's congregation, Lexington Co., S. C, through their Sec- 
retary Mr. D. W. Frick, I, on Feb. 1, 1892, appointed Rev. J. K. 
Efird to install Rev. J. G. Schaid. He was installed in his charge on 
March 6, 1802. 



8 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAE EUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD: 
RESIGNATIONS AND VACANCIES. 

On November 27, 1891, Rev. Jacob Wike wrote me that be bad 
resigned his work in Watauga Co., N. C. On April 18, 1892, he wrote 
me that he had taken work at Ilex, Lexington Co., N. C. I presume 
tbe Watauga pastorate is being supplied by the North Carolina con- 
ference of this Synod. Some time in the latter part of last year, Rev. 
J. W. Hausenfluck informed me that he had resigned his two congre- 
gations in Page Co., Va. , viz., St. Paul and Alma Fairview, and that 
he had accepted a call to St. Jacob's, Bethan}', in Rockingham Co.,. 
Va., and is doing missionary work with Spring Valley congregation 
at Midvale in Rockbridge Co., Va. His two congregations in Page 
Co., Va., are still vacant. Rev. J. K. Efird also resigned his pastorate 
in South Carolina, and has removed to Oakesdale, Washington. 

About the middle of August, 1892, our Synodical Treasurer,. 
Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, informed me that be had resigned his pastor- 
ate in Page County, Va. , that he had accepted a call to a pastor- 
ate within the bounds of the Evangelical Lutheran Indiana Synod, 
and that he would enter upon his work iu that field on the second 
Sunday in September. At that time also he turned over to me, as the 
president of Synod, all the money in the treasury, together with the 
papers and receipts, &c, pertaining to that office. They will be forth- 
coming. On September 12, 1892, I gave him, at his own request, a 
letter of honorable dismissal from the Evangelical Lutheran Tennes- 
see Synod, to enable him to apply for admission into the Evangelical 
Lutheran Indiana Synod which is appointed to convene on October 4. 
His former pastorate, composed of Grace, Mt. Calvary, Morning Star, 
and Cedar Point, all in Page Co., Va., is still vacant. 

On September 12, 1892, Rev. D. J. Settlemyre informed me that, 
at the close of last year, he resigned Sharon, St. Martin's, and St. John 
congregations, constituting the Iredell County pastorate. I under- 
stand that Rev. Prof. Geo A. Romoser, a member of the English 
Evangelical Lutheran Synod of Missouri, has been installed pastor of 
Sharon and St. Martin congregations. As these congregations are in 
rather an abnormal condition, being served by a pastor not at this 
time in connection with our Synod, I would here suggest that this 
matter be investigated, and would now recommend that Synod en- 
deavor to make arrangements to have all the vacant congregations in 
her connection regularly supplied with the means of grace. 

NEW ORGANIZATIONS AND NEW CHURCHES. 

Rev. D. J. Settlemyre also informed me that, during the month 
of August last, he organized a congregation in the town of Taylors- 
ville, N. C. This congregation has taken steps towards building a 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. g 

church edifice, and will, doubtless, apply for admission into connec- 
tion with this Synod during this convention. I would here recom- 
mend the reception of this congregation, and that its name be placed 
upon the congregational roll of this Synod. 

On September 19, 1892, Rev. J. A. Rudisill informed me that, as 
a result of his labors, in addition to his regular work in his pastorate, 
he organized a small congregation on August 13th, upon the confes- 
sional basis of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod in the 
western part of Lincoln County, near the Cleveland line. This con- 
gregation has already built for its own use a good house of worship, 
30 x 45 feet. It is appointed to be dedicated on the fifth Sunday in 
October under the name and title of "David's Chapel." It will apply 
for admission into this Synod during this convention. Rev. J. A. Ru- 
disill also wrote me that on the 17th of September, he organized a con- 
gregation by the name of "Cedar Grove" in Lincoln Co., N. C, upon 
the confessional basis of the Tennessee Synod. This congregation has 
a good church building nearly completed. The building is 30 x 50 
feet. This congregation will also apply for admission into this Synod. 
I here recommend that both of these congregations be received, and 
that their names be placed upon our congregational roll. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

1. That the form of our parochial report be amended by adding 
another column, showing the amount of money collected by the sev- 
eral conferences of our Synod. 

2. That one or more of our pastors be appointed at each conven- 
tion of this Synod, to preach a special sermon or sermons on selected 
subjects at the ensuing convention of Synod. 

3. That we advise as many of our congregations as can do it, to 
endeavor to establish parochial schools. 

And now, brethren, in vacating the chair, I extend to you my 
most sincere thanks for the honor you have conferred upon me in se- 
lecting me as your presiding officer, and for the respect you have 
manifested during my term of office. I hope you will pardon my mis- 
takes. "Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to 
present you faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding 
joy, to the only wise God our Savior, be glory and majesty, dominion 
and power, both now and ever. Amen." 

J. PAUL STIREWALT, 
President Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 



IO MINUTES OP EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 
Rev. A. E- Crouse, President. 
Rev. P. C. Wike, Recording Secretary. 
Rev. J. L. Deaton, Corresponding Secretary. 
Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, Treasurer. 
Rev. R. A. Yoder, Treasurer Beneficiary Fund. 
Rev. Dr. S. Henkel, Asst. Treas. Bene. Fund. 
Synod adjourned to meet at fifteen minutes after two 
o'clock P. M. 

Benediction by the President. 



SECOND SESSION. 



Opened with prayer by the President. 

Roll was called. Revs. F. Kuegele, Prof. W. H. T. 
Dau, Prof. G. A. Romoser, Prof. H. K. G. Doerman, Prof. 
W. E. Tressel, C. D. Besch, and B. E. Westenberger were 
present as guests. 

Dr. F. W. E. Peschau, corresponding delegate from 
the North Carolina Synod, was received and granted the 
privilege of addressing Synod. 

The following committees were announced by the Presi- 
dent. 

COMMITTEES. 

i. On the State of the Church. — Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, C. 
H. Bernheim, and J. G. Schaid. 

2. On Examination. — Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., R. H. 
Cline, J. M. Smith, J. C. Moser, J. A. Cromer, E. E, Ly- 

brand. 

« 

3. On Letters and Petitions. — Revs. J. R. Peterson, J. 
E- Deaton, Mr. A. N. Boland. 

4. On Unfinished Business. — Revs. J. F. Moser, D. A. 
Goodman, and G. F. Keisler. 

5. On Treasurers' Reports. — Revs. W. E- Darr, W. P. 
Cline, and Mr. A. J. Beck. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. II 

6. On President's Report. — Revs. T. Moser, S. Henkel, 
D. D., and Mr. J. F. Miller. 

7. On Church Institutions. — Revs. J. A. Rudisill, R. H. 
Cline, and J. A. Cromer. 

A letter from the Southwestern Virginia Synod, grant- 
ing an honorable dismissal to Rev. Prof. S. S. Rahn, was 
read before Synod, and placed into the hands of the Ex- 
amining Committee. Rev. A. L,. Crouse, having had under 
his tuition during the last synodical year the Synod's 
theological students, read his report, which was received 
and referred to the Committee on Church Institutions. . 

The Committee on Examination, having held a collo- 
quium with Rev. Prof. S. S. Rahn, presented the following 
report, which was received and adopted : 
COLLOQUIUM. 
Having held a colloquium with Rev. S. S. Rahn, as to his position 
in regard to doctrine and practice, and finding him worthy of admis- 
sion into our Synod, we therefore recommend that he be received into 
our Synod, as he came in a regular way, and if received, that our 
President inform the President of the Southwestern Virginia Synod of 
our action. S. HENKEL, 

J. M. SMITH, 
E. L. LYBRAND, 
J. A. CROMER, 
R. H. CLINE, 
Sept. 30, 1892. Committee. 

On motion, Synod adjourned to meet at 9 o'clock to- 
morrow morning. Prayer by Rev. J. R. Peterson. 



THIRD SESSION. 



Saturday, October i, 1892. 

Synod was opened with divine service, conducted by 
the President. 

After the roll was called, the minutes of yesterday 
were read, corrected, and approved. A motion prevailed 



12 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

to abolish the committee on missions. Rev. R. A. Yoder, 
Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, read his report. Said re- 
port was received and referred to the proper committee. 

TREASURER'S REPORT.— BENEFICIARY FUND. 

R. A. YODER, Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund, 
In account with the 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

1891. Dr. 

Oct. 9. To amount on hand, balance, at Synod, St. Paul's, S. 

C, Oct. 9, 1891 I 34 12 

Oct. 9. To amount from Rev. C. H. Bernheim's charge : St. 
John's, $4 37 ; Philadelphia, $3 35 ; St. Timothy, 
$2 33 10 05 

Oct. 9. To amount from Rev. J. P. Price's charge : St. Mar- 
tin's, Cabarrus, $8 00 ; Mt. Gilead, $2 00 ; St. Mar- 
tin's, Stanley, $1.35 11 35 

Oct. 9. To amount from Rev. D. J. Settlemyre's charge : St. 

Martin's, Iredell 5 00 

Oct. 9. To amount from Rev. J. K. Efird's charge : St. John's 3 25 

Oct. 9. To amount from Rev. J. L. Deaton's charge : Mt. Mo- 

riah 3 00 

Oct. 9. To amount from Rev. J. I. Miller's charge : St. Mark's 8 00 

Oct. 9. To amount from Rev. I. Conder's charge 6 67 

Oct. 9. To amount from Rev. D. A. Sox's charge 5 00 

Oct. 9. To amount from Rev. R. A. Yoder' s charge : Salem, 

$5 00 ; St. James, $10 00 15 00 

Nov. 26. To amount from Rev. J. C. Moser's charge : Holy 

Trinity 10 00 

Nov. 26. To amount from S. Henkel, D. D., Assistant Treas- 
urer of Beneficiary Fund 63 92 

Dec. 4. To amount from Rev. A. L,. Crouse's charge : St. Ste- 
phen's 7 10 00 

Dec. 30. To amount from Rev. J. A. Rudisill's charge .... 13 00 

1892. 

Jan. 23. To amount from Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge : Christ's 

Church, $6 00 ; Mt. Holly, $5 00 ; Sharon, $3 50 . . 14 50 

May 16. To amount from Rev. A. L,. Crouse's charge : St. 

Stephen's 8 00 

Total amount of receipts , . $ 220 86 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 



1 891. Cr. 

Dec. 17. By amt. paid J. J. George $ 22 60 

Dec, 28. By amt. paid S. S. Keisler ...,,. 15 70 

1892. 

Jan. 8. By amt. paid S. S. Keisler 25 00 

Jan. 20. By amt. paid J. J. George 25 00 

Mar. 11. By amt. paid S. S. Keisler. 25 00 

Mar. 21. By amt. paid J. J. George 25 00 

May 17. By amt. paid J. J. George 27 40 

May 19. By amt. paid S. S. Keisler .......... 34 30 

Total amt. paid $200 00 

Sept 2:. To balance on hand $ 20 86 

Respectfully submitted, R. A. YODER, 

Treas. Ben. Fund. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Assistant Treasurer of Benefi- 
ciary Fund, read his report which was received and referred 
to Committee on Treasurer's Report. 

REPORT OF ASSISTANT TREASURER OF BENE- 
FICIARY FUND. 

To amt. in my hands on last year's report, Nov. 24, 1891. ■ . . $ 63 92 

1 891. 

Dec. 2. Cr. By amt. paid Rev. R. A. Yoder . . $63 92 

1892. 

Jan. 6. To amt. from Rev. P. C. Wike, $6.00 from St. Mat- 
thew's, and $7.00 from St. Paul's 13 00 

Sept. 26. To amt. from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's charge 26 50 

Rec. of Paul C. Bowman, per J. P. Stirewalt, personal 50 

To amt. from Rev. S. Heukel's charge ....... 10 00 

$113 92 
63 92 

Balance in my hands, Sept. 26, 1892 $ 50 00 

S. HENKEL, 
Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

Rev. J. P. Stirewalt read the report of Rev. J. N. 
Stirewalt, former treasurer of Synod. Said report was re- 
ceived and also referred to proper committee. 



14 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

J. N. STIREWAL/T, Treasurer, 

In Account with the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1891. Dr. 

Oct. 9-13. To aint. rec'd for Minutes for session of 1891. . . . $117 80 

Amt. due per Rev. R. H. Cline 6 00 

Anit. due per Rev. D. I. Offman 1 00 

1892. 

Feb. 11. To am't due per Rev. J. W. Hausenfiuck for 1 dozen 

Minutes 1 20 

$126 00 
1892. 

Oct. 1. By cash per Rev. D. I. Offman, his bal. due for Min- 
utes of 1891 1 00 

Total f 125 00 

Deduct cost of printing, mailing, &c . . 84 71 

Balance on hand . . . $ 40 29 

1891. 

Nov. 30. To printing, binding, mailing, and expressing 1300 

copies of Minutes, 40 pages, E. L. Tenn. Synod. .$ 84 71 

Nov. 25. By amt. paid Henkel & Co . . ... . $ 75 53. 

1892. 

May 13. By amt. of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt to Henkel & Co . . . 4 30 
Aug. 29. By cash of Rev. R. H. Cline to Henkel & Co ... . 4 82 
Sept. 23. By cash of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, postage on 6 copies 

of Minutes 06 

I 84 71 

ALABAMA MISSION RECEIPTS. 
I89I. 
Oct. 11. To amt. rec'd from St. Paul's church, S. C, per Rev. 

E. L,. L,ybrand $ 11 00 

Oct. 12. To amt. rec'd from Mt. Moriah church, N. C, per 

Rev. J. L. Deaton 3 00 

Oct. 12. To amt. rec'd from St. John's church, S. C. , per Rev. 

J. K. Efird 1 90 

Oct. 12. To amt. rec'd from St. Peter's (Meetze's) church, 

S. C, per H. D. Smith - . . . . 5 17 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

Oct. 12. To amt rec'd from St. James' church, N. C, per 

Rev. R. A. Yod«r $ 5 00 

Oct. 12. To amt. rec'd from Salem church, N. C, per Rev. 

R. A. Yoder 5 00 

Nov. 3. To amt. rec'd from young people's H. & F. S., Em- 
manuel church, S. C, Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge, 

per Miss M. E. Campbell 4 20 

1892. 

January 4. To amt. rec'd from St. Paul's church, Sheu. Co., Va., 

per Rev. Wike 3 00 

Januarys To amt. rec'd from St. Stephen's church, Shen. Co., 

Va., per Rev. Wike 3 00 

January 4. To amt. rec'd from William Orndorff, personal ... 50 

January 4. To amt. rec'd from Rev. P. C. Wike, personal. ... 25 

Feb. 13. To amt. rec'd from St. Paul's church, Shen. Co., 

Va., per Rev. P. C. Wike 5 00 

Feb. 13. To amt. rec'd from Rev. P. C Wike, personal ... 50 

Feb. 25. To amt. rec'd from Rev. W. Iv. Darr for last year . . 6 00 
April 22. To amt. rec'd from Morning Star church, Shen. Co., 

Va., per Rev. J. P. Stirewalt 75 

April 22. To amt, rec'd from St. Paul's church, Rockingham 

Co., Va., per Rev. J. P. Stirewalt 1 59 

April 22. To amt. rec'd from Rader's church, Rockingham 

Co., Va., per Rev. J. P. Stirewalt 11 48 

April 22. To amt. rec'd from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, personal . . 26 

May 5. To amt. rec'd from St. Matthew's church, per Rev. 

P. C. Wike 6 00 

May 6. To amt. rec'd from St. Stephen's church, N. C, per 

Rev. A. Ly. Crouse 5 00 

May 6. To amt. rec'd from Mt. Olive church, N. C, per 

Rev. A. L. Crouse 5 00 

May 6. To amt. rec'd from Holy Trinity church, Rev. J. C. 

Moser's charge 5 00 

May 6. To amt. rec'd from Shiloh church, N. C, Rev. J. P. 

Miller's charge 2 00 

May 6. To amt. rec'd from Sardis church, N. C, Rev. J. P. 

Miller's charge 3 00 

Feb. 25. To amt. rec'd from Rev. W. L. Darr 8 00 

May 16. To amt. rec'd from Rev. R. H. Cline's charge ... 5 00 
May 16. To amt. rec'd from Morning Star ch. , Shen. Co., Va., 

per Rev. J. P. Stirewalt 1 75 

May 16. To amt. rec'd from Solomon's church, Shen. Co., 

Va., per Rev. J. P. Stirewalt 6 12 



16 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

May 16. To amt. rec'd from Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge ... 9 55 
May 26. To amt. rec'd from Mt. Nebo church, Va., per Rev. 

J. S. Koiner 3 28 

June 14. To amt. rec'd from Christ's church, N. C, per Rev. 

J. R. Peterson 6 00 

June 14. To amt. rec'd from College Chapel, N. C, per Rev. 

J. R. Peterson 5 25 

June 28. To amt. rec'd from Mt. Nebo, Va., per Rev. J. S. 

Koiner 1 72 

Total $140 27 

ALABAMA MISSION DISBURSEMENTS. 
189I. 

Oct. 13. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Box — vou. 1 $ 31 07 

Dec. 17. By amt. paid Rev. T>. A. Sox — vou. 1, a 4 20 

1892. 

Jan. 6. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 2 6 75 

Feb. 28. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 3 5 50 

March 1. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 4 6 00 

May 3. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 5 14 08 

May 11. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 6 34 00 

May 17. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 7 22 42 

June 21. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox — vou. 8 14 53 

Total $138 55 

Balance $ 1 72 

MONEY RECEIVED TO PAY FOR THE CHURCH LOT IN ANNISTON, ALA. 
1892. 

Feb. 25. To amt. rec'd from Rev. W. L. Darr for church lot 

in Anniston, Ala $ 600 

1892. 

March 1. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox for church lot in Annis- 
ton, Alabama $ 6 00 

FOREIGN MISSION RECEIPTS. 
1890. 
Oct. 25. To amt. rec'd from Rev. J. A. Rudisill $ 6 80 

1892. 

Feb. 13. To amt. rec'd from Rev. P. C. Wike, personal ... 50 

May 5. To amt. rec'd from St. Matthew's church, Va., per 

Rev. P. C. Wike 2 00 

Total amt. rec'd $ 9 30 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 



1892. 

May 9. By amt. paid J. D. Cappelman 2 50 

Balance on hand subject to order of Rev. J. A. Rudisill $ 6 80 

HOME MISSION RECEIPTS IN UNITED SYNOD. 
189I. 

Aug. 7. To amt. rec'd from Emmanuel church, New Market, 

per G. Koiner $ 1 39 

1891. 

Dec. 6. By amt. paid J. D. Cappelman $ 1 39 

CHURCH EXTENSION FUND. 

1892. 

January I. To amt. carried over from last year's report (see Min- 
utes of last year, page 11) $ 20 09 

MONEY RECEIVED FOR UNITED SYNOD MINUTES. 
1892. 
Aug. 16. To amt. on hand brought from report of last year (See 

Minutes of last year, page 11) $ 10 62 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. N. STIREWALT, Treasurer 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

The Committee on Unfinished Business made their re- 
port, which was received for consideration item by item. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

We, your Committee on Unfinished Business, would respectfully 
submit the following : 

(1) On page 15, we find that Revs. J. S. Koiner and J. I. Miller 
were continued as Committee on Church Extension. Have we a re- 
port from said committee ? 

(2) On page 16, we find a Course of Study for Private Students of 
Theology, submitted to be acted upon at this convention of Synod. — 
Is Synod prepared to act ? 

(3) On page 15, action with regard to mission work at Winston 
was deferred. Can anything now be done ? 

(4) On page 20, Report on President's Report (item 2) recom- 
mends Missionary Festivals and Women's Mission Societies. Have any 
of these Festivals been held, and have any of these Women's Mission 
Societies been organized ? 



l8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

(5) On page 33, we find that Synod resolved to raise $ 1,000 for 
all synodical purposes. Has said amount been raised ? 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. F. MOSER, 

D. A. GOODMAN, 

G. F. KEISLER. 

Relative to item one, nothing has been done by this 
Synod individually. 

As to item second, the matter involved was deferred 
another year for further consideration. 

As to item third, some progress has been made. 

Item fourth is very nearly complied with. 

After the last item was acted upon, the report was re- 
committed. 

The Committee on Church Institutions read its report 
which was received, and, by motion, was deferred for fur- 
ther consideration. On motion, Synod adjourned for di- 
vine services. 



FOURTH SESSION. 



After Synod was called to order, the session was open- 
ed by prayer, led by Rev. R. H. Cline. After the roll was 
called, the chairman of the Committee on Letters and Pe- 
titions read their report, which was received for considera- 
tion item by item. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

We, the committee in whose hands were placed the papers ad- 
dressed to this body, submit the following : 

CLASS I. 

No. 1 is a petition from Bethel congregation, Manassas, Va., and 
Trinity congregation. Brandy Station, Va,, praying for the examina- 
tion and ordination of candidate A. R. Beck to the office of pastor. 

No. 2 is a petition from Holy Trinity and St. John's congregations, 
Lexington Co., S. C, praying for the examination and ordination of 
candidate S. L. Nease. 



MINUTES OK EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 

CLASS II. 
Nos. 1 and 2 are petitions from Cedar Grove and David's Chapel 
congregations, two newly organized congregations in the western part 
of Lincoln Co., N. C, praying to be received as integral parts of this 
Synod. 

CLASS III. 

No. 1 is a petition from members of Solomon's church, Shenan- 
doah Co., Va., inviting Synod to hold its next convention with that 
congregation. 

CLASS IV. 
No. 1 is a letter from the church council of a congregation un- 
der the pastoral care of Pastor Hausenfluck, in which they represent 
the congregation in a prosperous condition and greatly need a house 
of their own in which to worship, but are unable without aid to build. 
Your committee infer that they wish aid from Synod. 

CLASS V. 
No. 1 is a letter from Rev. J. S. Koiner in which he assigns press 
of business in connection with his school, and domestic matters, as 
reason of his absence from Synod, and asks to be excused. 

No. 2 is a letter from Rev. I. Conder in which he assigns want of 
funds, as the cause of his absence, and asks to be excused. 

No. 3 is a petition from Rev. Hausenfluck in which he states that 
sickness in his family has prevented his attendance on this convention 
of Synod. 

No. 4 is a letter from J. K. Efird, Oakesdale, Washington, in which 
he states that owing to the great distance from the place of meeting 
he is unable to be present, and asks to be excused. 

No. 5 is a letter from Rev. D. A. Sox, Edwardsville, Ala., stating 
that from want of money to pay expenses he was unable to attend the 
meeting, and asks to be excused. 

J. R. PETERSON, 
J. L, DEATON, 
A. N. BOIvAND. 

Class I. As to item first, Synod ordered that the can- 
didate, Mr. A. R. Beck, be examined, and, if found quali- 
fied, that he be ordained. Concerning the second item, it 
was ordered that Mr. S. L,. Nease be examined, and, if 
found qualified, ordained. 

Class II. As to items i and 2, the congregations were 
received, and their names recorded. 



20 MINUTES OP EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Class III. Item first was deferred for further consid- 
eration. 

Class IV. Item one was referred to the Superintend- 
ent of Missions of the Virginia Conference of the K. Iv. 
Tennessee Synod. 

Class V. As to item one, Rev. J. S. Koiner was ex- 
cused. Item second was sustained, and Rev. I. Conder 
was excused. As to item third, Rev. J. W. Hausenfiuck 
was excused. Item fourth was sustained, and Rev. J. K. 
Efird was excused. Item fifth was sustained, and Rev. D. 
A. Sox was excused. 

The time fixed for the consideration of the Report of 
Committee on Church Institutions is next Monday morn- 
ing at 9 o'clock. 

The Report of Committee on President's Report was 
read, and received for consideration by item. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

We, the committee appointed to report on the President's Report, 
submit the following : We have read the President's Report, and find 
it interesting, and regard it as a carefully gotten up document. 

i. On page 3, he recommends, that the matter in regard to Sharon 
and St. Martin's churches, in the Iredell, North Carolina charge, be 
investigated. In view of the facts before us, we do not deem synodi- 
cal action necessary. 

2. He recommends that the form of our parochial report be 
amended. We suggest that the amendment be made. 

3. We also suggest that his second recommendation be approved. 

4. In regard to parochial schools, in his third suggestion, we think 
the recommendation should be approved. 

T. MOSER, 
S. HENKEL, 
J. F. MILLER, 

Committee. 

Pending this report, Synod adjourned to meet tonight 
immediately after divine services. Prayer by Rev. J. P. 
Stirewalt. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 



FIFTH SESSION. 



After the roll was called, the President called for the 
re-reading of the Report on President's Report. Item one 
was deferred for consideration next Monday. Item second 
was sustained. Item third was sustained. 

A motion prevailed, to appoint a committee to select 
subjects for special sermons at next convention of Synod, 
and nominate the ministers to deliver them : Revs. W. P. 
Cline, J. P. Stirewalt, and Mr. G. W. Rabb are the com- 
mittee. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON SPECIAL SERMONS. 

We, your committee to select subjects for special sermons at next 
meeting of Synod, report the following : Sermon on Missions, Rev. 
J. C. Moser .; alternate, Rev. J. L. Deaton. Sermon on Catechisation, 
Rev. J. G. Schaid ; alternate, Rev. J. M. Smith. 

W. P. CLINE, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 

GEO. W. RABB. 

Item fourth was sustained. 

The chairman of the delegation to the convention of 
the United Synod, held in Kuoxville, Tenn., June 22, 1892, 
read the following report, which was received, considered, 
and ordered to be spread upon the face of the minutes as 
information. 

REPORT OF DELEGATES TO THE UNITED SYNOD. 

Of the twenty delegates appointed by the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod, 1890, to represent it in the meeting of the United 
Synod of Evangelical Lutheran Church in the South, which convened 
in Knoxville, Tennessee, in its fourth biennial session, June 22, 1892, 
the following were present : Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., Revs. A. L. Crouse, 
P. C. Wike, J. I. Miller, D. D., and J. G. Schaid, and Hon. H. A. 
Meetz. 

As the proceedings of the United Synod will appear in print, and 
our Synod may, perhaps, appoint a committee to report on these pro- 
ceedings, it is deemed unnecessary to present a detailed account in re- 
gard to them, in this report. 



22 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Suffice it to say, that much important business was transacted in 
a proper, harmonious manner. The proposed By-Laws and Rules of 
Order were adopted, without taking any action relative to the Regu- 
lations for the Work of the United Synod. In regard to these, a com- 
mittee was appointed to report,, and submitted the following report : 

We, the Committee appointed to report in regard to the Regula- 
tions relating to the Work of the United Synod of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Church in the South, after prayerful consideration, submit 
the following : 

It is our persuasion that this body is- not prepared to express a 
unanimous judgment on these regulations, be it, therefore, 

Resolved, That the report on By-Laws, &c, be adopted without 
them. A. J. BROWN, Chairman, 

H. S. WINGARD, 
L. G. M. MILLER, 
GEO. H. COX, 
S. HENKEL, 
R. C. HOLLAND. 

This report was adopted, with two dissenting votes, those of Revsv 
A. L- Crouse and P. C. Wike, who requested their names to be record- 
ed in the negative, S. HENKEL, 

HENRY A. MEETZ, 
J. G. SCHAID, 
J. I. MILLER, 
A. L. CROUSE, 
P. C. WIKE. 

Synod adjourned to meet at 9 o'clock next Monday 
taorning. 



SIXTH SESSION. 



Synod was opened with divine services, conducted by 
Kev. T. Moser. 

The minutes of Saturday's sessions were received, cor- 
rected, and approved. The special order of business, for 
this morning, was called for, and the Report of Committee 
on Church Institutions, involving the matter for special 
consideration, was read, received, and considered. After 
protracted discussion, the following report was adopted : 



TtfTNTTTES OE EVANGEUCATy LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOt). 23 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LITERARY INSTITUTIONS. 

We, the undersigned Committee on Literary Institutions, beg 
leave to make the following report : 

We have had placed in our hands Report of the President of the 
Board of Trustees of Concordia College and the Report of the Presi- 
dent of the Faculty. 

Upon examination of the Report of the President of the Board of 
Trustees, we find that no action of the trustees in filling vacancies in 
the Board and Faculty (as appears from the Report of the President of 
the Faculty) in the interim of the sessions of Synod, has been submit- 
ted to this Synod for ratification or endorsement • therefore, we rec- 
'Otnmend that the Synod can now take no action in regard to the further 
fostering care of this institution. J, A. RUDISILL, 

_____ R, H. CLINF, 

J. A, CROMER, 

The place for the next convention of Synod was con- 
sidered, and it was decided to meet at St. Matthew's H. L. 
church, Shenandoah Co., Va. By the following resolu- 
tion, the time for the next convention was fixed : 

Resolved, That hereafter the E. L. Tennessee Synod meet regu- 
larlj r at 10 A. M, on Saturday before the 4th Sunday in September of 
each year, and that this date shall not be changed except for very im- 
portant and satisfactory reasons. 

On motion, Trinity K. I*, congregation, Culpeper Co., 
Va., was received by Synod, which ordered the name to be 
enrolled. 

On motion, the recording secretary was ordered to fur- 
nish upon their application the President of Concordia Col- 
lege, Conover, N. C, and the President of the Board of 
Trustees of said institution, certified copies of their reports 
of 1892 to this body. 

On motion, Synod adjourned to meet at 2 o'clock, P. M, 



SEVENTH SESSION. 



Synod was called to order by the President, and open- 
ed by prayer, led by Rev. L,. h. Lohr. 



24 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The Committee on Unfinished Business read the last 
item of its report. With reference to this item, there was 
no report, and the committee was continued. The report 
was adopted as a whole. 

A motion prevailed to distribute the Minutes of the 
United Synod pro rata. 

On motion, the following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the treasurer of the Tennessee Synod pay ont of 
any moneys in his hands, not otherwise appropriated, all money now- 
owing for the printing of the Minutes of sessions of the United Synod , 
held prior to 1892. 

On motion, the following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved ', That we recommend to all congregations about to adopt 
or change their constitutions, the constitution prepared by the North 
Carolina Conference of our Synod, and to be obtained of Rev. J. C. 
Moser, at one cent per copy. * 

On motion, the President was empowered to appoint 
a committee on the support of aged and infirm ministers, 
to report at the next convention of Synod. The following 
are the committee : Revs. J. P. Stirewalt, J. G. Schaid, 
and J. F. Moser. 

On motion, the following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That Rev. A. L. Crouse be the Theological Professor of 
this Synod. 

On motion, the following resolution was adopted : 

Whereas, In looking over the country we find a great many 
congregations, where no Lutheran Sunday-schools are in operation ; 
therefore be it 

Resolved, By the E. L. Tennessee Synod, that it shall be the duty 
of every minister connected with same, diligently to teach the young 
on the Lord's day, or open and establish a Snnday-school in each and 
every congregation in his charge, and the Sunday-school be under his 
care and supervision, and as the general superintendent of the same, 
and whenever such school or schools are organized, they shall elect an 
assistant superintendent to manage the said school in his absence, and 
that the minister or general superintendent shall see that these schools 

*Rev. J. C Moser, Hickory, N. C, Treasurer of the North Carolina Conference 
of the E. L. Tennessee Synod. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 

are well supplied with good Lutheran literature, and that it be the 
duty of the minister whenever present, to give a Sunday-school lec- 
ture to the children. 

On motion, the following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That we authorize the officers of this Synod to call a 
free conference of all the Lutheran pastors and ministers in the South- 
ern States, for the purpose of discussing Lutheran doctrines and usa- 
ges, to be held in Catawba County, N. C, at such point and time 
therein, as the officers aforesaid may designate, and that due and full 
notice be given of said conference in the papers, representing the dif- 
ferent Lutheran bodies. 

A motion prevailed to receive, as theological students, 
Arthur M. Pence, Cootes's Store, Va., and Benjamin F. 
Pence, Forestville, Va. The law of Synod, regulating the 
qualifications of young men entering as beneficiary stu- 
dents, was suspended in favor of the above named young 
men, and an appropriation of $100.00 was made for Mr. 
Arthur M. Pence, and $40.00 for Mr. Benjamin F. 
Pence. On motion, $100 00 were appropriated to beneficia- 
ry Mr. J. J. George. On motion, $75.00 were voted to 
beneficiary Mr. J. T. Craps. On motion, Synod voted 
$40.00 for Mr. J. L,. Cromer. On motion, $85.00 were ap- 
propriated to Mr. S. S. Keisler. Synod ordered, by mo- 
tion, to pay the foregoing appropriations to the beneficia- 
ries pro rata, provided the funds will not meet the full 
amounts. 

On motion, the following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That hereafter the reports of class-standing and deport- 
ment of our beneficiaries and other theological students under care of 
S3 r nod, be sent to the president of Synod by the head of the institution 
attended by them, and the president shall withhold the support given 
by Synod in case of failure on the part of the student to use it aright. 

The Committee on Examination presented the follow- 
ing report, which was received and adopted : 

REPORT OF EXAMINING COMMITTEE. 

We, the Examining Committee, have examined Messrs. Alfred 
R. Beck and Shadrack L. Nease, candidates for the Gospel ministry, 



26 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

and regard them sufficiently qualified to enter into holy offices ; and, 
therefore, recommend that they be ordained, and that Rev. S. Henkel 
preach an ordination sermon at the proper hour. 

S. HENKEL, 
J. M. SMITH, 
t J. A. CROMER, 

E. L. LYBRAND, 
J. C. MOSER, 
R. H. CLJNE. 

Notice was given by Rev. R. A. Yoder, that a resolu- 
tion would be offered at this meeting of Synod, to abolish 
the Treasurer and Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 

The Committee on Treasurers' Reports read the fol- 
lowing, which was received and adopted : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON TREASURERS' REPORTS. 

We, your Committee on Treasurers' Reports, have examined said 
reports, and find that the Reports of Beneficiary Treasurers are attend- 
ed with proper orders and vouchers. 

Synodical Treasurer's Reports show a balance of $20.01 after pay- 
ing for Minutes ; $6.80 for Foreign Missions, subject to order of Rev. 
J. A. Rudisill ; $20.09 f° r Church Extension Fund ; $10.62 for United 
Synod Minutes ; $1.72 for Alabama Mission. Total on hand, as per 
report, $59-24- 

But we find in the hands of the Treasurer $79.51, making an over- 
plus of $20.27. 

We also find amount due Synod per Rev. Hausenfluck, $1.20 ; per 
Rev. R. H. Cline, $1.18. Total due, $2.38. 
Respectfully submitted, 

WM. L. DARR, 
W. P. CLINE, 
A. J. BECK. 

On motion, the following resolution was adopted : 
Resolved, That a committee, consisting of Treasurer and Secreta- 
ry of Synod, be appointed to correspond with Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, 
former treasurer of Synod, with regard to the overplus in the treasury, 
and if any changes be made in the Treasurer's Report, incorporate the 
same in the Minutes. 

On motion, Synod adjourned to meet tomorrow morn- 
ing at 9 o'clock. Prayer by Rev. J. P. Stirewalt. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 



EIGHTH SESSION. 



Oct. 4, 1892. 
Minutes of yesterday's sessions were corrected and 
adopted. The Board of Missions read the following re- 
port, which was read, received, and adopted. 

REPORT OF THE BOARD OF MISSIONS. 

Alabama. — -We are glad to state that our mission work in Ala- 
bama is as prosperous as can be expected under the circumstances. 
The future prospects of the Alabama Mission are very good, as we in- 
fer from the report of our missionary, who is in charge of this work. 
He writes us the following : Our people will come up to the require- 
ment of Synod in regard to missionary funds as far as our membership 
extends, but since last year our losses have been greater than our 
gains. We have lost none at Jacksonville, and will gain by confirma- 
tion 4 or 5 this year. At St. Michael's have lost nothing and gained 
nothing, but have a class of some 12 or 15 to be confirmed toward the 
end of this year. At Anniston we have lost all but 4 or 5 male mem- 
bers by removals. At Tallapoosa, Ga. , all have gone away but a few 
families. These removals were caused by depression in business, and 
will return again when business resumes which it is to be hoped will 
be soon. Our missionary writes that his services are encouraging. 
All the members attend and many others. These people say that they 
think they will, by the end of the year, pay off the missionary's salary, 
and that they will meet all the financial requirements of the church 
and the Synod. When we consider the closeness of the times, it is but 
fair to conclude that those people are doing very well. 

The church at Jacksonville is not quite finished yet, and we have 
failed to meet our payment on the lot at Anniston this year. The 
Land Company being very kind, have agreed to wait until times im- 
prove. Our missionary visited Birmingham once this year. He 
thinks of going there next year as often as possible to see what can 
really be done at that place. 

Rev. Sox would like to have a co-laborer in the mission field, if 
one can be secured, and proposes to give up for his benefit, St. Mi- 
chael's and Zion, taking the new work at Tallapoosa, Anniston, and 
other points himself. Bro. Sox is doing all he can to advance the 
great and important work with which he is entrusted. He needs our 
prayers and words of encouragement. He needs his salary and must 
by all means have it. L,et us do all we possibly can to pay it at an 
early day. 



28 MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Ill regard to mission work in Virginia we are glad to be able to 
report considerable progress. Our work is prospering nicely in east- 
ern Virginia under the care of Rev. P. C. Wike, Superintendent of 
Missions of the Virginia Conference of the Tennessee Synod. At 
Brandy Station a suitable lot has been secured. It was donated by 
Mr. Daniel Wine. The deed has been recorded. Our brethren there 
contemplate building a church at that point in the near future. Rev. 
A. R. Beck, a young man of much promise, has located in the mission 
field, and is actively engaged in the work. At Midvale, in Rock- 
bridge Co., Va. , our mission is progressing encouragingly under the 
pastoral care of Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck. They too contemplate build- 
ing a new house of worship hi the near future. We have at Midvale an 
organized congregation in good condition with good prospects of a 
rapid growth. They now worship in a school house, and would be 
very glad for aid in building. They own a lot upon which to build. 
At Broadway, Rockingham Co., Va., work has been begun. Matters 
pertaining to our cause at that place are rather encouraging. In and 
around the town there are twenty, perhaps more, Lutheran members 
who attend services regularly with considerable appreciation, and de- 
sire an organization in the town. These are the only places where 
actual missionary work has been done up to this time. Other places 
of importance and points of interest are being cared for by the Super- 
intendent of Missions of the Virginia Conference. We are proud of 
our work in Virginia. 

In South Carolina we learn that our mission interests are being 
carefully looked after. Such financial aid is being given to Mt. Tabor 
congregation by the South Carolina Conference of this Synod as ena- 
bles said congregation to receive the means of grace regularly each 
month. We can report progress in South Carolina. 

The North Carolina Conference has been doing some good mission 
work during the past year. The amount of contributions has not been 
as large as it should be, but has been sufficient to do the work in hand. 
It will, however, be necessary to increase it in order to carry on the 
necessary work of the Conference. The churches in Monroe and 
Statesville have been finished and are being paid for. While these 
have been the principal mission points others have not been neglected. 
No money has been appropriated to build churches or support mis- 
sionaries elsewhere, but members of the Executive Committee and 
other pastors have done good work. Rev. J. A. Rudisill has organized 
two congregations which have this year been received into Synod. An 
organization has been effected at Taylorsville by Rev. D. J. Settle- 
myre. The promise of success at Lincolnton is good. Services are 



MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 29 

regularly held there, and more interest is manifested. One of the 
theological students preaches regularly at Maiden, and is succeeding 
well, but no effort has yet been made to organize. Some other work 
has been done in this way, and especially at Morganton, where we 
hope to do effective work. It is the hope of the committee to be able 
to station a pastor in Morganton, and have him work up the mission 
there and serve our two congregations, Mt. Zion and Glen Alpine, 
which are in reality missions. The committee hopes to be able to 
organize a congregation soon and proceed to build a house of worship. 

It is hoped that the pastors and congregations will increase their 
efforts, both in the general and special efforts, to build up our Church. 

Personal contributions of money have increased. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. P. STIREWAI/T, 
R. H. CUNE. 

A paper, relating to the United Synod, was introduced, 
and, pending its discussion, Synod adjourned for the ordi- 
nation services. The ordination sermon was preached by 
Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., from St. Mark 16 : 15, after which 
candidates for the ministry, Messrs. A. R. Beck and S. L. 
Nease, were ordained by the officers of Synod. 



NINTH SESSION. 



Oct. 4, 2 o'clock, P. M. 
Synod was called to order, and the discussion of the 
pending paper, relative to the United Synod, was resumed, 
and the following was adopted : 

Whereas, The action taken at the last meeting of the United 
Synod upon the Regulations for Work, does not meet the approbation 
of this Synod ; therefore, be it 

Resolved, That this body enters its protest against said action, 
and requests the United Synod to again consider and adopt the regu- 
lations as reported by the committee to the Savannah meeting, and 
that the secretary forward this action to the President of the United 
Synod. 

By motion, Synod abolished the office of Treasurer and 
Assistant Treasurer of Beneficiary Fund. 



30 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The Committee on the State of the Church made the 
following report, which was received and adopted: 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

Mr. Chairman : We, your Committee on the State of the Church, 
beg leave to submit the following report : 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Notwithstanding there has been some trouble within the bor- 
ders of our territory in the old North State about educational 
matters, yet we are happy to report progress in church work. 
There are some vacant congregations, but nearly all of them have at 
least been partially supplied by different pastors under the direction 
of the Executive Board of Missions of the North Carolina Conference. 
We regret to report that a few of our congregations have called pas- 
tors who are not in affiliation with our Synod, on which account, at 
least, in one of these congregations there has arisen some strife and 
confusion. We hope and pray this cause for trouble may soon be re- 
moved ; also, that our people may learn that such experiments are 
dangerous, and often far more productive of evil than good. 

The work of missions has been prosecuted with vigor this year, 
both by the Mission Board of Conference and by individual pastors. 
Several new churches have been erected and new congregations or- 
ganized. The people are growing in liberality, as will be shown by 
the reports of conference. Catechisation of the young has received 
due care and attention by most of the pastors. In education our peo- 
ple are making marked progress. The schools have an increased pa- 
tronage this year. More attention should be given to parochial schools. 

ALABAMA. 

In Alabama our missionary reports progress, but not so much as 
last year. Several reasons are alleged for the delay of the work in 
this portion of our territory. The pastor's salary has not been punc- 
tually paid neither by the people nor the Synod, for which reason he 
has not been able to prosecute the work. Also removals of some 
members from places where missions were being organized have oper- 
ated against the work. The trouble about this mission field appears 
to be that Synod has so far failed to prosecute the work to that extent 
wherein it could be determined whether or not success could be 
achieved. In church work as in other business matters, often to spend 
just half enough money to carry on the enterprise successfully, is sim- 
ply waste of what is spent. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 31 
SOUTH CAROLINA. 

In South Carolina, we have reports from all the delegates and 
pastors at the fall meeting of conference, and from this and other 
sources, we gather the following : 

That all the churches are regularly served by conscientious pas- 
tors, 'whose heart's desire and prayer to God is, that all may be saved' 
by accepting the Word in its integrity and a cheerful obedience. 

It was a matter of regret to us to see one earnest worker leave our 
bounds ; but since such was the case, we rejoice to know that it hath 
entered into the hearts of the people of one of the congregations to 
call its own pastor — the only such instance in the Synod. 

The attendance upon the preached Word is, for the most part, 
gratifying ; and commendable progress is being made in developing a 
more beneficent spirit among our people. 

Sunday-schools are run in all the congregations, and the pastors 
and people are becoming more and more interested in the purity of 
the doctrines taught in the schools. Our annual Sunday-school con- 
ventions ,do much along this line. 

In August, one of our congregations, Zion, celebrated its centen- 
nial, at which, we believe, there was much good done for the cause of 
our church. 

Catechisation is occupying an important place in the material, 
moral, and spiritual development of our churches. 

There is now neariug completion a very handsome and churchly 
edifice in Chapin. This and other points are receiving the careful 
attention of pastors, and are being served rather as mission points. 

While we have reason to thank God for the harmony, liberality, 
and spirituality of our congregations in general, yet we have reason 
to pray for a still better state of things. 

VIRGINIA. 

The churches within the bounds of our conference are in the usual 
state of prosperity. There are, however, at this time, several vacant 
congregations. Rev. J. N. Stirewalt has resigned his pastorate in Page 
Co., Va., and accepted a call and removed to the State of Indiana. — 
There are two other congregations in Page vacant, but have been par- 
tially supplied by our brethren with ministerial services. 

Two new churches have been dedicated to the services of God with- 
in the last year, one in New Market, Shenandoah Co., Va., and the 
other in Rockingham county. Some of the pastorates are not yet as 
conveniently districted as we would desire, yet an effort is being made 
to adjust to better convenience of both pastor and parishioner. Most 
of our churches are supplied with monthly services only, which to 



32 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

some extent are retarding their progress, but scarcity of ministers and 
their inadequate support are the primal cause of this state of things. 
The Sunday-school in some of our churches has not received the proper 
attention that it should. A few of our congregations are doing nothing 
in this direction. Incompetency or want of proper qualification as a 
teacher is sometimes rendered as the reason of not engaging in this 
work. Would it not be well to recommend wherever possible the es- 
tablishment of parochial schools, in order that our children might re- 
ceive a more thorough religious education ? It is true that our 'minis- 
ters devote as much time as they can conveniently spare to this time- 
honored practice of catechisation, but frequently the course of lectures 
is too short to make thorough work in this department. Incompetent 
teachers will soon drag out the life in any Sunday-school. 

Our Virginia Conference is working faithfully in the interest of 
Home Missions. After a delay of some ten months after the resigna- 
tion of Rev. J. S. Koiuer, she secured the services of Rev. A. R. Beck, 
of North Carolina, who is operating in the Piedmont section of this 
State. 

Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck has a mission station in Rockbridge Co., 
with prospects of erecting a church edifice in the near future. Our 
ministers are all faithfully engaged in our Master's works Fraternal 
feelings prevail amongst us, and this feeling is reciprocated between 
pastors and flock. 

May the great Head of the Church give us wisdom that we may 
more clearly see our several duties, and, by the assistance of his Holy 
Spirit, bring them in more active operation to the praise of his glori- 
ous name. W. P. CLINE, 

I. CONDER, 
WM. L. DARR. 

On motion, the Alabama Mission was placed in the 
hands of the Mission Board of this Synod, to investigate 
its needs, and make appropriations accordingly. 

On motion, the Board of Missions was directed to pay 
all arrearages to the Alabama Missionary, Rev. D. A. Sox. 

Revs. J. P. Stirewalt and R. H. Cline were appointed 
a committee to apportion to the pastors of Synod the 
amounts of funds each one is to raise during the ensuing 
synodical year. 



7 I , ■ < ^tL^^JZj Q %*g 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



33 



SYNODICAL APPORTIONMENT. 



Per Cent. 

J. R. Peterson \]A 

S. Henkel ... y/ 2 

C. H. Bernheim 3 

J. M. Smith 5 

J. I. Miller . . . '. i/ 2 

L. A. Bikle 2 

I. Conder . x% 

J. N. Stirewalt (vacant charge) 5 

A. L. Crouse 3 

J. P. Stirewalt 6 

J. C. Moser 5 

L,. L. Lohr 4^ 

J. W. Hausenfluck 4 

J. K. Efird 1 

J. A. Cromer 4 

E. Iy. Tybrand . . 4^2 

R. A. Yoder 5 



Per Cent. 

J. S. Koiner 1 

W. P. Cline 1 

Geo. A. Romoser 2 

D. A. Sox 1 

J. A. Rudisill 6 

J. F. Moser 1)4 

R. H. Cline y/ 2 

P. C. Wike 4 

J. P. Price 2 

W. Iy. Darr 3 

D. I. Offmau . . " 1 

J. P. Miller 1 

J. G. Schaid 3 

J. L. Deaton 3^ 

Jacob Wike 3^ 

W. H. T. Dau 2 

S. Iv. Nease 1 



The following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That this Synod order its Treasurer to pay to Rev. A. 
1/. Crouse the sum of $100.00 for his services as its Theological Pro- 
fessor for the coming synodical year. 

On motion, the first item of the Report of the Commit- 
tee on President's Report was considered, and adopted. 
The report was adopted as a whole. 

The absence of Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D., was consid- 
ered, and, on motion, he was not excused. 

On motion, the following resolution of thanks was 
adopted : 

Resolved, That the thanks of this Synod are due, and are hereby 
extended to this congregation, and the kind friends of this town and 
community, for the fraternal reception extended us, and for the kind 
and hospitable manner in which they have entertained us during our 
sojourn in their midst. 

On motion, Synod dispensed with the reading of paro- 
chial reports, and ordered that they be placed into the 
hands of the Secretary. 



34 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

On motion, Synod placed into the hands of Secretary 
and Treasurer the number of Minutes to be printed, and 
to provide for their distribution. 

On motion, a certain letter from four of the ministers 
of the Ohio Synod was read in open Synod. Concerning 
the matter involved, the Synod could not now answer for 
want of time. On motion, Synod adjourned to meet at the 
place and time appointed. Divine services, led by the 
President. P. C. WIKE, Rec. Sec. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 35 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 
i. — Devotional exercises by the President. 
2.— Call of Clerical Roll. 

3. — Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 
4. — Reading of President's Report. 
5. — Election of Officers. 
6. — Reception of Advisory Members. 
7. — Reception of Letters and Petitions. 
8. — Appointment of Standing Committees. 
9. — Devotion. 

OTHER DAYS, 
i. — Devotion. 
2.— Calling of Roll. 

3. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 
4. — Unfinished Business. 
5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 
6. — Report of Special Committees. 
7. — Resolutions. 
8. — New Business. 
9. — Devotion. 



LIST OF CHURCHES IN CONNECTION WITH THE EVAN- 
GELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ALABAMA. 

Cleburne County.— St. Michael, Emmanuel. 
Calhoun County. — Ziou. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Lexington County.— Zion, St. Peter (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Immanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethle- 
hem, St. Thomas, Mt. Horeb, Holy Trinity. 

Richland County.— St. Andrew, Mt. Tabor. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Alamance County.— Mt. Pleasant. 
Alexander County.— Friendship, Salem, Shiloh. 
Burke County.— Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 
Caldwell County.— Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Trinity. 
Cabarrus County.— St. Martin, Mt. Gilead. 



36 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. 
Paul, St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, 
Bethel, St. Timothy, Mt. Olive. 

Cleveland County. — St. Matthew. 

Davidson County.— Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem, 
Holly Grove. 

Gaston County.— St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. 

Guileord County. — Coble. 

Iredell County. — Sharon, St. Martin, St. John's. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinity, Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon, Cedar Grove, and David's Chapel. 

Mecklenberg County. — Morning Star. 

Randolph County.— Melauchthou. 

Rowan County.— Mt. Moriah, St. Mark, Phanuel. 

Stanley County.— St. Martin, Zion. 

Union County. — Emmanuel, St. Luke. 

Watauga County. — Valle Crusis, Mt. Pleasant. 

VIRGINIA. 

Augusta County.— St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. — Bethany (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, 
Trinity, St. Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel, St. Paul. 

Prince William County. — Bethel. 

PAGE County.— St. Paul, St. William (Fairview), Grace, Mt. Cal- 
vary, Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. 
Mary (Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, 
St. Stephen, St. David, Mt. Calvary, Morning Star. 

Madison County.— Mt. Nebo. 

CuLREPER County. — Trinity. 

Total, 114. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved 1. That each of our pastors is required to present to his 
people the educational and missionary work of Synod, to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, to take up in each of his congre- 
gations collections for the general work of the Church, and to report 
at each regular convention of our Synod ; and that in the case of pas- 
tors failing to do this, inquiry shall be made, and unless satisfactory 
reasons be rendered, such pastor, after the first and second admonition, 
may be subject to the censure of this Synod. 



BTINUTES OF EVANGELICAL XUTHERATST TENNESSEE SYNOD. 37 

Resolved 2. That the Council of each congre gation be requested 
to send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod/a written Report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient . Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechis- 
ing those who propose to become members of our communion, pre- 
vious to their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, and 
rather a loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the 
Church, without the slightest examination of them in regard to their 
religious knowledge and other qualifications for church membership, 
has been practiced by some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved 3. That we earnestly recommend all our ministers and 
•congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all 
who make application for church membership be thoroughly instructed, 
by Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous 
to their confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when per- 
sons of age and experience make application, or such young persons 
as have been so favorably situated as to have had opportunities to be- 
come acquainted with and to have informed themselves of our doctrines 
and customs, seek church privileges, we recommend that their re- 
quest be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have been ex- 
amined by the pastor, before the council, and have been approved by 
them. 

Resolved 4. That the ministers of our connection be requested to 
endeavor to get up and encourage Sunday-schools in all of their con- 
gregations and report their success to the Committee on the State of 
the Church, some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved j. That the Committee on the State of the Church be re- 
quired to make every reasonable effort, during the Synodical year, to 
ascertain the condition of all the congregations in our connection, and 
report the same to the annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 6, That it be the duty of the President, with the consent 
of the pastor elect and congregation, to appoint a committee of instal- 
lation, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in our Synod, 
to perform this ceremony. 

Resolved 7. That no minister be excused who does not sufficient- 
ly respect Synod as to send directly to it the reasons for his absence. 

Resolved 8. That we hereby establish a Synodical Fund, to be 
raised by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which 
all contingent expenses of Synod are to be met. 

Resolved 0. That hereafter the expenses of corresponding delegates 
to sister Synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 

Resolved 10. That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our Min- 



38 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

isters to ask their Congregations to defray their expenses in attending 
the meetings of our Synod. 

Resolved u. That the ministers connected with this Synod, when 
absent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending 
in their reports to Synod. 

Resolved 12. That the Mission Work^of this Synod be transferred 
to the several Conferences. 

Resolved /j. That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestly 
and actively in this work under such regulations as may to them seem 
best. 

Resolved 14. That the chairmen of the Executive Committee of 
Missions in our Conferences be, and are hereby, required to report an- 
nually to Synod a full, written report of the Missionary work of their 
bodies during the year. 

Resolved 15. That the reports of the Conferences in regard to Mis- 
sion Work, be referred to the Committee on the State of the Church. 

Resolved 16. That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in 
their power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, 
lecturing, and catechisation, with a view sooner or later of getting men 
of their own color to look after the spiritual interests of their race in 
connection with the Lutheran church. 

Whereas, It is meet and right that the dignity, sacredness, and 
solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and 
in order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved 1 j. That Synod recommend, that all applicants for ex- 
amination and ordination, and for whom there are petitions to Synod 
from a congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination 
and ordination, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services 
on the part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some 
session of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and, if 
found qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further 

Resolved 18. That it is the sentiment of this Synod, that this rec- 
ommendation should be acquiesced in, in all possible cases, as the- or- 
der of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved 19. That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, 
consulting with the pastor loci, to arrange for the Sunday-school serv- 
ices, to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, by 
appointing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting subjects, 
and informing the speakers of their selection at least two months pre- 
vious to each meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 20. That the President and Secretary of this Synod be 
hereafter the Standing Board of Missions. 



PAROCHIAL REPORT. 



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PAGE 

Aged and Infirm Ministers, Committee to report on Support of .. 24 

Appropriations, Beneficiary 25 

Alabama Mission .- 32 

Apportionment, Committee on 32 

Beneficiaries 4 

Beneficiary Fund — Treasurer's Report 12-13. 

Beneficiary Fund, Report of Assistant Treasurer . . 13 

Board of Missions, Report of 27-29 

Committee on State of the Church 2 

Committee on Examination 2 

Candidates for the Ministry _ . . 4 

Committees 10-11 

Colloquium ir 

Committee on the State of the Church, Report of . . - . - . ,30-32 

Delegates to the United Synod, Report of 21-22 

Examining Committee, Report of . 25-26 

Free Conference, Resolution on , 25 

Lay-Delegates 5-6 

Letters and Petitions, Report of Committee on 18-19 

Literary Institutions, Report of Committee on . 23 

List of Churches . . . . 35-36 

Mission Board of Synod . ... 2 

Ministerial Roll 3-4 

Officers of Synod 2 

Officers, Election of 10 

Order of Business . 35 

Place of next Convention 2, 23 

President's Report 6-9 

Report of Committee on President's Report 20 

Resolution fixing time for holding the Conventions of Synod . . 23 

Standing Committees 2 

Special Sermons, Report of Committee on 21 

Sunday-schools, Resolution on 24-25 

Synodical Apportionment 33 

Standing Resolutions 36-38 

Time of next Convention 2 

Treasurer's Report 14-17 

Theological Professor of this Synod 24 

Theological Students under the care of Synod, Resolution on . . . 25 

Treasurers' Reports, Report of Committee on 26 

Theological Professor's Appropriation 33 

Unfinished Business, Report of Committee on 17-18 

United Synod, action in regard to it 29 

Vote of Thanks " 34 



MINUTES 



OK THE 
SEVENTY-THIRD ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 

TENNESSEE SYNOD, 

HELD IN 

EMMANUEL CHURCH, 
New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia, 

SEPTEMBER 23-28, 1893. 



Henkel & Co., Printers, New Market, Va.: 
Office of "Our Church Paper," "Shenandoah Valley," Etc. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 

President— Rev. I. CONDER McGaheysville, Va. 

REC. Sec— Rev. J. A. RUDISIIyL Henry, N. C. 

Cor. Sec— Rev. J. C. MOSER . Hickory, N. C. 

Treasurer— REV. J. P. STIREWAI/T New Market, Va. 



MISSION BOARD OF THE SYNOD. 



Revs. I. CONDER and J. A. RUDISILL. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 
Revs. P. C. WIKE, W. P. CUNE, JACOB WIRE. 

ON EXAMINATION. 

Revs. S. HENKEL, D. D., J. S. KOINER, J. C. MOSER, W. P. 
CLiNE, J. A. CROMER, E. L. LYBRAND. 



TIME AND PLACE OF NEXT CONVENTION. 



St. John's Church, (Broad River), Lexington Co., S. C, the place 
chosen, and Saturday, 10 A. M., before the fourth Sunday in Septem- 
ber, 1894, as the time. 



MINUTES 

OK THE 

SEVENTY-THIRD ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANG. LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



FIRST SESSION. 



Emmanuel Church, New Market, Va., 
Saturday, Sept. 23, 1893. 
The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met in regu- 
lar session with Emmanuel congregation, New Market, Va., 
at 11 A. M., September 23, 1893. The President, Rev. A. 
L,. Crouse, preached the opening sermon from Phil. 1, 27, 
28. The clerical roll was called, and the pastors present 
were enrolled. On certificate of their election, the delegates 
present were enrolled. 

MINISTERIAL ROLL. 

Rev. J. R. Peterson* Dallas, N. C. 

" T. Moser* Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

" S. Henkel, D. D New Market, Va. 

" C. H. Bernheini* Lexington, N. C. 

" J. M. Smith* Conover, N. C. 

" Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D.f King's Mountain, N. C. 

" I. Conder McGaheysville, Va. 

" J. N. Stirewaltj Lnray, Va. 

" Prof. A. L- Crouse Hickory, N. C. 

" J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

" Prof. J. C. Moser Hickory, N. C. 

" J. A. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

" Prof. E. L. Lybrand* Summit Point, S. C. 

" Prof. R. A. Yoder* Hickory, N. C. 



* Absent and excused. t Absent and not excused. 

X Recently transferred to this Synod from the Indiana Synod. 



4 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner Ladd, Va. 

" D.A.Sox* Edwardsville, Ala. 

" D. A. Goodmanf Connelly Springs, N. 

" J. W. Hausenfluck Rockingham, Va. 

" Prof. W. P. Cline Hickory, N. C. 

" D.J. Settlemyref China Grove, N. C. 

" J. A. Rudisill Henry, N. C. 

" Prof. R. H. Cline New Market, Va. 

" P. C. Wike Tom's Brook, Va. 

" D.C.Huffman* Hickory, N. C. 

" J. G. Schaid Chapin, S. C. 

" J. P. Price* Concord, N. C. 

" J. F. Moser* Monroe, N. C. 

" W. L. Darr Chapin, S. C. 

" D. I. Offman* Julian, N. C. 

" Prof. J. P. Miller* Hickory, N. C. 

" Jacob Wike Ilex, N. C. 

" L. L. Lohr* Dallas, N. C. 

" A. R. Beck* Ilex, N. C. 

" S. L. Nease Little Mountain, S. C. 

" A. L. Boliek Orkney Springs, Va. 

" F. C. Oberly Luray, Va. 

" G. E. Dong Taylorsville, N. C. 

" J. C. Wessinger Bristoe, Va. 

" J.J. George Cherryville, N. C. 

CANDIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

R. L. Fritz Hickory, N. C. 

Wm. H. Roof Columbia, S. C. 

Francis K. Roof Columbia, S. C. 

H. Julian Mathias Lexington, S. C. 

J. T. Craps Lewiedale, S. C. 

J. Allen Arnt Arnt, N. C. 

E. J. Sox Hickory, N. C. 

Cephas K. Lippard Statesville, N. C. 

BENEFICIARIES. 

S. S. Kesler Ops, Ark. 

J. L. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

Benjamin F. Pence Forestville, Va. 

E. J. Sox Hickory, N. C. 

* Absent and excused. t Absent and not excused. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SVNOD. 5 

LAY-DELEGATES. 

James McRee — St. James's and Grace, Catawba Co., N. C. ; Salem, 
Lincoln Co», N. C. 

G. E. Long— Friendship, Salem, Alexander Co., N. C. 

Aaron Shutters — Bethany (St. Jacob's), Rockingham Co., Va. 

A. J. Welfley— St. Peter's, Page Co., Va. 

Solon M. Bowman — Rader's, Rockingham Co., Va. 

Henry Wittig — Bethel, Rockingham Co., Va. \ 

J. C. Wessinger — Bethlehem, St. Jacob's, St, Thomas, Lexington 
Co.,S. C. 

A. E. Strole— St. Paul's, Page Co., Va. 

W. L. Huffman— St. Luke's, Page Co., Va. 

J. D. Printz— Mt. Calvary, Page Co., Va. 

Jacob Hockman — St. Mark's, Page Co., Va. 

Gideon Koiner — Emmanuel, Shenandoah Co., Va. 

H. K. Flemings, Mt. Zion, Shenandoah Co., Va. 

George Minnick — Solomon's, Shenandoah Co., Va. 

Milton Pence — St. Mary's (Pine), Shenandoah Co., Va. 

John H. Moomaw — Powder Springs, Shenandoah Co., Va. 

William OrndorfF— St. Stephen's, Shenandoah Co., Va. 

Philip Chrisman — Morning Star, Shenandoah Co. , Va. 

Pierce Leapheart — Cedar Grove, St. Paul's, St. James's, Mt. Tabor, 
S. C. 

Solomon L- Miller — Morning Star, Page Co., Va. 

H. H. Armentrout — Trinity, Rockingham Co., Va. 

John P. Foltz— St. Paul's, Rockingham Co., Va. 

The President, Rev. A. L,. Crouse, read his annual re- 
port, which was referred to a committee yet to be appointed. 

PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

Fathers and Brethren. — The time for the reassembling of our 
Synod is at hand, and by the providence of our kind Father in heaven 
some of us are here present to do those things which the Master re- 
quires. God has extended the lives of all our ministers. Nearly all 
of them are actively engaged in the work, and doubtless are doing it 
as well as they can. Now that we are here to manage the affairs of 
our part of the Church let us proceed in humility and godly fear to 
the discharge of our duty. 

OFFICIAL ACTS. 
Shortly after the adjournment of Synod last year, I issued an order 
upon our Treasurer to pay Messrs. Henkel & Co., the amount neces- 



6 MINUTES OV EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE' SYNOXt. 

sary to print and distribute the Minutes. October 13, 1892, I issued 
an order upon the Treasurer to pay to beneficiaries, on appropriations 
of Synod, as follows : To J. J. George, $50 ; S. S. Keisler, $35 ; J. T. 
Craps, $35. November 1, 1892, I issued an order in favor of the Ala- 
bama Missionary for $100, and in favor of our Theological Professor 
for $50. Orders were issued as follows : November 9, 1892, to Arthur 
M. Pence for $45 ; to Benjamin F. Pence for $20 ; December 10, 1892, 

to S. S. Keisler for $11 ; , 1892, to Rev. D. A. Sox for $100 ; 

March 18, 1893, to same for $7^. ; April, 1893, to J. L. Cromer for $20 ; 
May 12, 1893, to Rev. D. A. Sox for $75 ; to J. J. George for $50 ; to 
S. S. Keisler, $39 ; to J. T. Craps for $40 ; to B. F. Pence for $20 ; to 
J. L. Cromer for $20 ; July 7, 1893, to Rev. IX A. Sox for $75. 

I submit, with this report, the reports of these students sent me by 
the schools which they have attended, and recommend that they be 
placed into the hands of the Examining Committee. I also submit, 
with the same recommendation, two letters from Mr. Geo. A. Riser, of 
Tupelo, Miss., who asks aid from our Synod to prepare himself for the 
ministry. I likewise submit a paper forwarded to me by Concordia 
congregation, Conover, N. C. , and recommend that it be placed into 
the hands of the Committee on Letters and Petitions. 

Some time during the summer of this year, the exact date having 
been mislaid, I granted, upon his request, a letter of dismission to 
Rev. J. L. Deaton from this Synod to the Sjmod of the Northwest, 
subject to the action of this Synod. I ask Synod to take the necessary 
action concerning it. 

August 24, 1S92, I received a notification from St. Matthew's con- 
gregation, Shenandoah Co., Va. , that it could not receive and enter- 
tain the members of Synod at the time appointed for this meeting. 
Shortly afterward, I received an invitation from Emmanuel congre- 
gation, New Market, Va., to hold this meeting in its church, and I 
issued an order changing the place of meeting from the former to the 
latter place. 

INSTALLATIONS. 

During the year I have received two requests to hold installation 
services. The first Sunday in May, 1893, 1 installed Rev. D. J. Settle- 
rnyre as pastor of Mt. Moriah and St. Mark congregations, in Rowan 
Co., N. C. , from which he had received a regular call. The request 
to install Rev. Jacob Wike in the Davidson, N. C, pastorate has not 
yet been complied with, and now descends to my successor. 

RESIGNATIONS AND CALLS. 
Information concerning some of these to be mentioned has not come 
through regular notification, and a few may have taken place which 



MINUTES OF EVANGEEICAE LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

have not come to my knowledge. I do not therefore attempt to give 
dates. 

Rev. L. A. Bikle, D. D., has resigned Philadelphia congregation, 
Gaston Co., N. C, and Rev. J. R. Peterson has received and accepted 
a call as his successor. 

I have resigned Mt. Olive congregation, Catawba Co., N. C, and 
Rev. W. P. Cline has received and accepted a call as my successor. 

Rev. C. H. Bernheim has resigned Philadelphia congregation, Cald- 
well Co., N. C, and St. Timothy and St. John congregations, Catawba 
Co., N. C, and Rev. J. C. Moser has received and accepted a call 
from Philadelphia, and Rev. J. P. Miller has received and accepted a 
call from St. Timothy. 

Rev. D. J. Settlemyre has received and accepted a call from St. 
Mark and Mt. Moriah, Rowan Co., N_ C. 

Rev. R. H. Cline has resigned Bethel, Rockingham Co., and Powder 
Springs and St. Jacob's, Shenandoah Co. , Va., and accepted a call 
from St. Paul and St. Luke congregations, Page Co., Va. Rev. J. P. 
Stirewalt has resigned Morning Star congregation, Shenandoah Co., 
Va. This one and the three made vacant by the resignation of Rev. 
R. H. Cline, have extended a call to Rev. A. L. Boliek, who has ac^ 
cepted. 1 

Rev. J. S. Koiner has resigned Mt. I^ebo congregation, Madison 
Co., Va. 

Rev. A. R. Beck has resigned the East Virginia Mission and become 
the assistant of Rev. Jacob Wike in the Davidson, N. C, pastorate. 
Mr. J, C. Wessinger has received and accepted a call as his successor. 

Rev. E. H. Kohn has received a call as pastor of St. Mark congre- 
gation, Luray, Va., and Rev. J. N. Stirewalt has received and accept- 
ed a call to his former charge in Page Co., Va. 

Rev. L. L. Lohr has resigned St. John, St. Mark, Antioch, and Lu- 
theran Chapel congregations, Gaston Co., N. C, and St. John and St. 
Mark congregations have extended a call to Mr. John J. George, which 
he has accepted. 

Mr. G. Edward Long has received and accepted a call from Friend- 
ship, Salem, and St. Paul's congregations, Alexander Co., N. C. 

Rev. Prof. S. S. Rahn has received and accepted a call from Lu- 
theran Chapel and Antioch congregations, Gaston Co., N. C. 

I have received and accepted a call from St. Andrew congregation, 
Hickory, N. C. 

Synod will be petitioned, by their respective congregations, to ex- 
amine and ordain Messrs. J. C. Wessinger, G. E. Long, and J. J. 
George, at this meeting. 



8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 
NEW CONGREGATIONS. 

Two new congregations, St. Andrew, Hickory, N. C, and St. Paul,. 
Taylorsville, N. C, have been organized during the past synodical 
year. 

DEDICATIONS. 

A new church, built by the Bethphage congregation, Rev. J. A. 
Rudisill, pastor, Lincoln Co., N. C, was dedicated October 10, 1892. 

A remodeled church, belonging to St. Martin congregation, Stanley 
Co., N. C, Rev. J. P. Price, pastor, was dedicated the 5th Sunday in 
July, 1893. A new church at Chapin, S. C, Rev. W. L. Darr, pastor, 
was dedicated in June, 1893. The new church built by the St. Thomas 
congregation, South Carolina, has lately been dedicated. A new 
church built by St. Luke's congregation, Page Co., Va. , was dedicated 
the 3d Sunday of September, 1893. 

And now, brethren, I return to you the charge committed to my 
trust, praying our dear Father in heaven to forgive my mistakes and 
bless our work. A. L,. CROUSE, 

President B. L. Tenn. Synod. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

The following were elected : 

Rev. I. Conder, President. 

Rev. J. A. Rudisill, Recording Secretary. 

Rev. J. C. Moser, Corresponding Secretary. 

Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, Treasurer. 
Revs. J. S. Koiner and S. S. Rahn were appointed by the 
President to classify all papers addressed to Synod. 
The President appointed the following committees : 

COMMITTEES. 

i. On the State of the Church.— Revs. P. C. Wike, W. P. 
Cline, and Jacob Wike. 

2. On Examination. — 'Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., J. S. 
Koiner, J. C. Moser, W. P. Cline, J. A. Cromer, and E. L. 
Lybrand. 

3 On Letters and Petitions. — Revs. J. P. Stirewalt, J. J. 
George, and Mr. A. Shutters. 

4. On Unfinished Business. — Rev. J. C. Moser and Gideon 
Koiner. 



MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

5. On President 's Report . — Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., and 
J. P. Stirewalt. 

6. On Church Institutions. — Revs. P. C. Wike, J. P. 
Stirewalt, and Mr. Henry Wittig. 

On motion, the hours were fixed for business transactions 
of Synod from 9 o'clock to 11 A. M., and from 2 to half 
past 4 P. M. 

' Synod adjourned to meet Monday morning, 9 A. M. 
Prayer and benediction by Rev. J. A. Rudisill. 



SECOND SESSION. 



Monday, Sept. 25, 9 o'clock A. M. 

Synod was called to order by the President, and divine 
services were conducted by Rev. J. S. Koiner. 

The minutes were received and adopted. 

Revs. J. H. Rexrode of the Concordia District of the Ohio 
Synod, W. H. Cone of the North Carolina Synod, and F. C. 
Oberly of the Ministerium of Pennsylvania, being present, 
were invited to seats within the Synod as advisory members. 

Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D., was excused from further at- 
tendance at this convention of Synod 

The following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the item on page 33 of the Minutes of 1892, not ex - 
cusing Rev. J. I. Miller, be rescinded, inasmuch as it appears he sent 
a valid excuse which was overlooked or mislaid by Synod. 

Rev. J. C. Moser, Chairman of the Committee on Unfin- 
ished Business, read the following report : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

(1) On page 9, we find the president recommends, and on page 20 
Synod approves the recommendation, that such congregations as are 
able to do so, establish parochial schools. Have our pastors made any 
efforts in this direction ? 

(2) On page 17 of Minutes 1892, in item 1 of the Report of Commit- 
tee on Unfinished Business, we learn of a committee, Revs. J. S. Koi- 



IO MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ner and J. I. Miller, D. D., on Church Extension. In the considera- 
tion of said item we see, furthermore, that said committee was not 
discharged ; we, therefore, call for their report. 

(3) On page 18, the action taken on item 2 of Report on Unfinish- 
ed Business defers for one year the consideration of the Course of 
Study for Students of Theology. The limit has expired. Is Synod 
ready to consider the matter ? 

(4) Also, on page 24, a resolution was adopted, directing the treas- 
urer of Synod to pay all money now owing for the printing of the 
Minutes of sessions of the United Synod held prior to 1892. Has that 
been complied with ? 

(5) On page 24, we find the following, Revs. J. P. Stirewalt, J. G. 
Schaid, and J. F. Moser, were appointed a committee on the Support 
of Aged and Infirm Ministers, and directed to report at this conven- 
tion of Synod. Are they ready to report? 

(6) On page 24, we find a resolution concerning Sunday-schools en- 
joining special duties upon the pastors of this Synod. Have our 
pastors been endeavoring to comply with the duties embraced in that 
resolution ? 

(7) On page 25 stands a resolution authorizing the officers of Synod 
to call a free conference of all Lutheran pastors and ministers in the 
Southern States for the purpose of discussing Lutheran doctrines and 
usages. Was this done ? 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. C. MOSER, 
G. KOINER. 
The report was received and considered by items. 
Relative to item one, something has been done. 
Item 2. Committed, not ready to report. The following 
action was taken : That this committee be continued with 
instructions to formulate a plan for Church Extension, and 
report at the next meeting of this S} 7 nod. 

Item 3. With reference to this item, a motion prevailed 
that the following Course of Theology, recommended by the 
Committee at Convention of Synod of the year 1891, be 
adopted, and published in the Minutes of this session : 

COURSE IN THEOLOGY. 

I. EIRST PART. 

i. Home's Introduction. 
2. Weidner's Encyclopaedia. 



MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAE LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. II 

3. Harper and Weidner's Introductory New Testament Greek 
Method. 

4. Greek New Testament, with 

5. Bengel's Gnomon. 

6. Oehler's Old Testament Theology. 

II. SECOND PART. 

1. Kurtz's Sacred History. 

2. Kurtz's Church History. 

III. THIRD PART. 

1. Book of Concord. 

2. Krauth's Conservative Reformation. 

3. Weidner's Introduction to Dogmatic Theology. 

4. Schmid's Dogmatics. 

5. Martensen's Christian Ethics. 

IV. FOURTH PART. 

1. Horn's Evangelical Pastor. 

2. Hoppin'sHomiletics. 

3. Van Oestersee's Practical Theology. 

Attention should be given to Church Polity. Hagenbach's History 
of Doctrine is recommended. I 

Item 4. Pending the consideration of this item, Synod 
adjourned for divine service. 
Benediction by the President. 



THIRD SESSION. 



Monday. September 25, 2 P. M. 

Synod was called to order by the President. The roll was 
called. 

Item 4 was further considered, and found to be complied 
with. 

Item 5. Action was deferred. 

Item 6. By motion, the pastors made statements con- 
cerning this work, which showed the item to be complied 
with as nearly as possible. 

Item 7. Not complied with. 



12 LIINUTES OF EVANGELICAL, EUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. A. L,. Crouse was permitted to make statements in 
regard to his pamphlet on Pulpit and Altar Fellowship. 

The following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the Synod is pleased to' learn of the appearance of 
a pamphlet, by Rev. Prof. A. L. Crouse, on the subject of Pulpit and 
Altar Fellowship, and ask the attention of all our pastors to the same. 

The Report of the Committee on Letters and Petitions was 
taken up and considered by items. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

We, your Committee on Letters and Petitions, submit the following : 

CEASS I. 

No. i is a petition from St. Andrew's Evangelical Lutheran congre- 
gation, in Hickory, N. C, which has been regularly organized, and 
which has adopted the constitution recommended by this Synod, 
praying to be received by this Synod into her connection. We rec- 
ommend that this congregation be received, and that its name be 
placed upon our congregational roll. 

No. 2 is a petition from Mr. George A. Riser, of Tupelo, Mississippi, 
addressed to thfe President of Synod, in which he expresses his earnest 
desire to study and prepare himself for the Gospel ministry in this 
Synod. He refers Synod to his pastor, Rev. S. L. Nease, and other 
members of his congregations viz., St. John's, Lexington Co., S. C, 
as to his character, &c. He is 28 years of age, and is willing to go to 
any college we may designate. He asks for money to pay his tuition, 
&c, but does not specify any amount. We recommend that he be 
referred to the members of the Examining Committee in North Caro- 
lina. 

No. 3 is a petition from St. John's Evangelical Lutheran congrega- 
tion, Catawba Co., N. C. , signed by thirty-seven of her members, in 
which they state " that a number of their members have called Rev. 
W. H. T. Dau, of the Missouri Synod, as pastor. That the said W. 
H. T. Dau has not connected himself with our Synod, and has served 
a congregation as its pastor for about eighteen months, and will not 
promise to connect himself with the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee 
Synod, and even denounces our pastors as un-Lutheran. We being 
loyal to the Tennessee Synod, the Synod of our fathers, cannot, under 
the circumstances, conscientiously worship with the said W. H. T. 
Dau, nor regard him as our pastor. We therefore ask you to advise 
us what to do under these sad conditions ?" We recommend that this 
matter be referred to the North Carolina Conference of this Synod. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

No. 4 is a petition from a newly organized congregation in Taylors- 
ville, N. C, in which they state that they have adopted the constitu- 
tion recommended by the North Carolina Conference of our Synod. 
They desire to be received into connection with this "body, and to 
be enrolled as a member of the Tennessee Synod." We recommend 
that they be received, and the name of the congregation be properly 
enrolled. 

No. 5 is a letter from Rev. Prof. F. V. N. Painter, Secretary of the 
Executive Committee of the South View Orphans' Home, in which 
he states that the "committee hopes this body will see its way clfear 
to devise liberal measures for its support. The amount apportioned 
by the United Synod's committee to the Tennessee Synod, is $500.00. ' ' 
He says further, "the 'Synod should either assume this amount and 
provide a way to raise it, or it should refuse to do so, and thus show 
what is to be counted on." He sends a report of the Home, which it 
might be well to read before this Synod. We recommend that we 
assume the amount apportioned to this Synod, and that we make an 
effort to raise said amount. 

No. 6 is a letter from Rev. J. K. Efird, in which he asks Synod to 
excuse him from attending this convention of our Synod, because of 
distance and the want of means to pay traveling expenses. He also 
asks for an honorable dismissal from this Synod to enable him to ap- 
ply for admission into the " English of the Northwest Synod." We 
recommend that both of his requests be granted. ' 

No. 7 is a letter from Rev. J. P. Price, in which he asks to be ex- 
cused from attending this convention of Synod, because of the want 
of means. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 8 is a letter from Rev. C. H. Bernheim, in which he also asks 
to be excused from attending this convention of Synod, because it 
convenes when he is " in the very midst of moving" from Conover, 
N. C, to Lexington, N. C. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 9 is a letter from Rev. J. M. Smith, stating that on account of 
recent " great storms aud floods, times are too close as to money" for 
him to attend Synod this year. He therefore asks to be excused. We 
recommend that he be excused. 

No. 10 is a letter from Rev. D. I. Offman, in which he "regrets 
very much that he cannot be present at this S}mod, because money is 
too scarce." He asks to be excused. We recommend that he be ex- 
cused. 

No. 11 is a letter from Rev. W. H. T. Dau, in which he says that 
" Concordia congregation, at Conover, N. C, has failed to raise the 
Synodical apportionment of 2 percent.;" that "a series of resolu- 
tions which Concordia congregation passed, with a view to explain 



T4 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD,. 

why she has stood aloof from the work of Synod, are forwarded to 
Synod." We infer that these resolutions have been forwarded to this- 
body, but the}' have not passed into the hands of your committee, 
and, therefore, as the said Concordia congregation earnestly solicits, 
we cannot now direct your attention to them. We infer that they 
have reference to The Four Points. 

No. 12 is a letter from Rev. T. Moser, stating that he is prevented 
from attending this meeting of our Synod, "in consequence of bodily 
infirmity." He asks Synod to excuse his absence. We recommend 
that his request be granted. 

No. 13 is a letter from Rev. E. L,. Lybrand, in which he assigns 
sickness in his family as a reason for his not attending this meeting 
of Synod. In view of these circumstances, we recommend that he 
should be excused. 

No. 14 is a letter from Rev. Prof. J. P. Miller, of Lenoir College, 
stating that the Faculty of that institution think it best for not more 
than two to be absent from that school ; and asks that he be excused 
from this meeting of Synod. We recommend that he be excused. 

No. 15 is an excuse from Rev. J. F. Moser. He assigns sickness in 
his family and scarcity of money as reasons for his absence, and begs 
Synod to excuse him. We deem these reasons sufficient for Synod to 
grant his request. 

No. 16 is a petition from Grace E. L. Church, Lewiedale, S. C. , 
Rev. J. A. Cromer, pastor. This petition is signed by the officers of 
Grace congregation, and the petitioners say that this congregation 
was organized under the name of Grace congregation ; that they have 
called Rev. J. A. Cromer as their pastor ; that they have subscribed to 
the constitution of our Synod, and ask for admittance into our Synod, 
We recommend that their request be granted, and that the name of 
Grace congregation be placed on our synodical roll. 

No. 17 is a letter from Rev. D. A. Sox, of Alabama, in which he 
states that he is sorry that he can not be present at this meeting of 
Synod ; that the pecuniary outlay for railroad fare is too great for 
him just now. We recommend that Rev. Sox be- excused. 

No. 18 is a letter of honorable dismissal of Rev. F. C. Oberly, a 
member of the E. L. Ministeriurn of Pennsylvania and adjacent States^ 
to this Synod. We recommend that Rev. Oberly appear before the 
Committee on Examination, and that this committee make a final 
report on this matter. 

No. 19 is Rev. L-. L,. Tohr's excuse of absence from the meeting of 
this Synod. He gives as his excuse, that he is now prosecuting his 
studies in Gettysburg Theological. Seminary. In view of this, and 
also of the fact that Rev. L,ohr is not now actively engaged in pastoral 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 1 5 

work iu our Synod, it is the opinion of }rour committee that he be 
excused. 

No. 20 is a letter of honorable dismissal of Rev. A. L. Boliek of the 
Indiana Synod of the E. L,. church to this Synod. We recommend 
that Rev. Boliek appear before the Committee on Examination, as is 
the usual custom of this Synod. 

No. 21 is a petition from Bethel congregation, Prince William 
county, and Trinity congregation, Culpeper Co., Va., praying for the 
examination and ordination of Mr. J. C. Wessinger, having called 
him as pastor. We recommend that the requests of these congrega- 
tions be granted. 

No. 22 is a petition of similar import from Friendship, Salem, and 
St. Paul congregations, Alexander Co., N. C, praying for the exami- 
nation and ordination of Mr. G. E. Long, having called him to the 
office of pastor. We recommend that this request be granted. 

No. 23 is a petition from St. John's congregation, Cherryville, N. 
C, praying for the examination and ordination of Mr. J. J. George, 
having called him as 'pastor. We recommend that this request be 
granted. Respectfully submitted, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 
J. J. GEORGE, 
AARON SHUTTERS. 

Item 1. Sustained. 

Item 2. Action deferred. 

Item 3. Answered by resolution as follows : 

Resolved, That a committee of three be appointed to investigate 
that matter, and give the petitioners such advice as they may deem 
proper. 

The Committee — Revs. J. C. Moser, R. A. Yoder, and J. 
P. Miller. 

The following resolution was adopted : 

Whereas, Some trouble and irregularities threaten some of the 
churches connected with this Synod, because of preachers of other re- 
ligious societies, 

Resolved, That we earnestly advise all congregations and people in 
connection with this Synod, to avoid pastors not in connection with 
this Synod, except such as are recommended by this Synod or by its 
President. 

On motion, Synod adjourned. Prayer and benediction 
by Rev. Jacob Wike. 



l6 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD'. 



FOURTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, September 26, 9 A. M. 

Synod convened. Religious services were conducted by- 
Rev. J. W. Hausenfiuck. 

Minutes were approved. 

The Report of the Committee on Letters and Petitions was 
further considered. 

Item 4. Sustained. 

Relative to item 5, the following resolution was offered : 

Resolved, That this Synod is not, as a Synod, in position to co-op- 
erate with the United Synod in any general church work, but still we 
coniniend this charity to the attention of our churches. 

Synod adjourned for divine service. 



FIFTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, September 26, 2 P. M. 
Rev. L. K. Probst, Secretary of the Board of Missions of 
the United Synod of the South, being present, was received 
as an advisory member. 

By the request of Rev. Probst, Synod granted him the 
permission to present the Mission cause tomorrow, at 10.15 
A. M. 

The Report on Letters and Petitions was again taken up 
for consideration. 
Item 6. Sustained. 
Sustained. 
Sustained . 
Sustained. 
Sustained. 

No action necessary. 
Sustained . 
Sustained. 
Sustained. 
Sustained. 



Item 7. 


Item 8. 


Item 9. 


Item 10. 


Item 1 1 . 


Item 12. 


Item 13. 


Item 14. 


Item 15. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 



Item 1 6 



Sustained. 



Item 17. Sustained. 
Item 18. Sustained. 
Item 19. Sustained. 
Item 20. Sustained. 
Item 21. Sustained. 
Item 22. Sustained. 
Item 23. Sustained. 
The report was adopted as a whole. 

The Committee on Examination, Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., 
Chairman, submitted the following : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXAMINATION. 

We the committee, to hold a colloquium with Revs. A. L. Boliek 
aud F. C. Oberly, who had regular transfers from their respective 
synods to our Synod, are satisfied that they occupy the position and 
spirit of our Synod in regard to doctrine and practice ; and, hence, 
we recommend, that they be received into our Synod, with all the 
rights and privileges of the other ministers of same, and that their 
names be placed on our ministerial roll. S. HENKEL, 

J. A. CROMER, 
J. C. MOSER. 

On motion, the resolution on page 23 of Minutes for 1892, 
fixing the time for the annual conventions of Synod, was 
rescinded. 

The Committee on Examination submitted their report, 
which was received and adopted. 

REPORT OF EXAMINING COMMITTEE. 

We, the Committee on Examination, submit the following. We 
examined the following candidates for ordination : J. J. George, J. C. 
Wessinger, and G. E. Long, rather thoroughly. In our opinion, 
they sustained a commendable examination. Hence, we recommend, 
that they be ordained to the office of the ministry, according to the 
custom of the Church, having proper calls from a congregation or 
congregations, desiring their services as ministers. 

Respectfully submitted, S. HENKEL, 

J. S. KOINER, 
W. P. CLINE, 
J. A. CROMER, 
J. C. MOSE^t. 



l8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The time for ordination sermon was fixed for Wednnsday, 
ii A. M. 

The Treasurer read the following report, which was re- 
ferred to the committee : 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

J. PAUL STIREWALT, Treasurer, 

In Account with the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

1892. Dr. 

Aug. 16. To amt. rec'd of Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, former 

Treasurer $40 29 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. G. Schaid, part of 2 per 
cent, from St. Peter's (P. W.) church, Lexing- 
ton Co., S. C 20 00 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of W. C. Crowell, for St. Luke's 

church, Monroe, Union Co., N. C 5 00 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. E. L. Lybranfi, Summit, 

Lexington Co., S. C, for Cedar Grove church 19 00 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. E. L. Lybrand, for St, 

Paul's church, Lexington Co., S. C 8 05 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. E. L. Lybrand, for St. 

James's church, Lexington Co. , S. C 2 75 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. E. L. Lybrand, for Mt. Ta- 
bor church, Richland Co., S. C . . 2 00 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. W. L- Darr's pastorate, Lex- 
ington Co., S. C 27 00 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. L. L- Lohr's pastorate, Gas- 
ton Co., N. C 30 00 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. L. Deaton's pastorate, 

Rowan Co., N. C 13 00 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. R. Peterson's pastorate, 

in North Carolina, for Beneficiary Education . 12 05 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. R. Peterson, Dallas, N. 

C. , for Minutes 3 00 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of W. T. Houston, for Morning Star 

church, Mecklenburg Co., N. C 5 00 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Stephen A. Yount, Hickory, N. 

C, for Minutes 90 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of M. E. Ekard, Hickory, N. C, for 

Minutes 2 60 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. P. C. Wike, Tom's Brook, 

Va. , for Minutes 5 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of C. M. Wagoner, Troutman's, N. 

C, for Minutes $ 1 40 

Sept. 30. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, New 

Market, Va., for Minutes 6 80 

Oct. 1. To cash rec'd of Rev. S. L. Nease, for St. John's 

church, Lexington Co., S. C 15 00 

Oct. 1. To cash rec'd of P. M. Houser, Reepsville, N. C. , 

for Bethphage church, per Rev. J. A. Rudisill 9 75 

Oct. 1. To cash rec'd of David Yoder, Lincolnton, N. C, 

for Daniel's church, per Rev. J. A. Rudisill , . 20 24 

Oct. 1. To cash rec'd of J. F. Leonard, Henry, N. C, for 

Trinity church, per Rev. J. A. Rudisill .... 11 12 

Oct. 1. To cash rec'd of David Yoder, Lincolnton, N. C, 

for Minutes 3 00 

Oct. 1. To cash rec'd of L. H. Link, Granite Falls, N. C, 

for Minutes for Philadelphia church 1 50 

Oct. 3. To cash rec'd of Rev. D. I. Offmau's pastorate, 

in North Carolina 15 00 

Oct. 3. To cash rec'd of Rev. L. L. Lohr's pastorate, in 

North Carolina 4 44 

Oct. 3. To cash rec'd of St. Martin's church, Cabarrus 

Co., N. C, Rev. J. P. Price, pastor 800 

Oct 3. To cash rec'd of Mt. Gilead church. Cabarrus 

Co., N. C. , Rev. J. P. Price, pastor 5 00 

Oct. 3. To cash rec'd of St. Martin's church, Stanley Co , 

N. C, Rev. J. P. Price, pastor 5 40 

Oct. 3/ To cash rec'd of James T. Miller, Couover, N. C, 

for St. Timothy church, for Minutes 2 50 

Oct. 3. To cash rec'd of R. A. Costner, for Minutes to be 

sent to Rev. Yoder 2 00 

Oct. 3. To cash rec'd of Silas Wike, for Minutes to be 

sent to Rev. Bernheim 2 05 

Oct. 3. To cash rec'd of N. C. Robinett, for Minutes to 

be sent to Rev. D. A. Goodman 20 

Oct. 4. To cash rec'd of Young People's Home and For- 
eign Missionary Society of Emmanuel's church, 
Lexington Co., S. C, Rev. J. A. Cromer, pastor 6 00 

Oct. 4. To cash rec'd of Young People's Home and For- 
eign Missionary Society of St. Andrew's church, 
Richland Co., S. C, Rev. J. A. Cromer, pastor 4 00 

Oct. 4. To cash rec'd of Young People's Home and For- 
eign Missionary Society of Wiuguard's school- 
house, Lexington Co., S. C.,Rev. J. A. Cro- 
mer, pastor 4 00 



20 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



To cash rec'd of Zion church, Lexington Co., S. 

C, Rev. J. A. Cromer, pastor $20 00 

To cash rec'd of Rev. L,. L,. L,ohr, for Ordination 

Certificate 25 

To cash rec'd of Rev. Jacob Wike, for Ordination 

Certificate 25 

To cash rec'd of Mt. Olive congregation, Rev. A. 

L,. Crouse, pastor 5 00 

To cash rec'd of A. J. Beck, from New Jerusalem 

congregation, Davidson Co., N. C 2 60 

To cash rec'd of Mt. Pleasant church, Watauga 

Co., N. C, per Rev. Jacob Wike 2 22 

To cash rec'd of Rev. Jacob Wike's pastorate . 2 85 

To cash rec'd of Holy Trinity church, Hickory, 

N. C, Rev. J. C. Moser, pastor 29 00 

To cash rec'd of Zion church, Catawba Co., N. 

C, Rev. J. C. Moser, pastor 17 00 

To cash rec'd from Newton congregation, New- 
ton, N. C, Rev. J. C. Moser, pastor 6 50 

To cash rec'd of Jacob Townsend, Foscoe, N. C, 

for Minutes 10 

To cash rec'd of Rev. J. M.- Smith, Conover, N. 

C, for Minutes 1 70 

To cash rec'd of Rev. Prof. W. H. T. Dau, Con- 
over, N. C, for Minutes 2 00 

To cash rec'd of Henry Setzer, Abernathy, Iredell 

Co., N. C, for Minutes . 80 

To cash rec'd of Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, bal. as 

per his last year's report as Treas. Bene. Fund. 20 86 
To cash rec'd of St. Matthew church, Shenandoah 

Co., Va., Rev. P. C. Wike, pastor 5 00 

To cash rec'd of St. Paul's church, Shenandoah 

Co., Va., Rev. P. C. Wike, pastor 7 00 

To cash rec'd of Mt. Calvary church, Shenan- 
doah Co., Va., Rev. P. C. Wike, pastor .... 3 00 
To cash rec'd of Miss Maria C. Stirewalt, New 

Market, Va. , personal, for Bene. Education . . 2 00 

To cash rec'd of Rev. S. T. Nease for Ord. Cert. 25 

To cash rec'd of Rev. A. R. Beck for Ord. Cert. 25 

To cash rec'd of A. N. Boland for Minutes sent 

to Rev. Nease 1 00 

To cash rec'd of Rev. I. Conder's pastorate ... 1 80 

To cash rec'd of Rev. I. Conder for Minutes . . 2 00 



Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


. 4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4. 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


4- 


Oct. 


13- 


Oct. 


13- 


Oct. 


13- 


Oct. 


25- 


Oct. 


25- 



■MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 

Nov. i. To cash rec'd of Rev. A. R. Beck, Bristoe, Va., 

for Minutes $ i oo 

Nov. 28. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. S. Koiner, Waynesboro, 

Va. , for Minutes 50 

Dec. 10. To cash rec'd of John D. Printz, Stony Man, Va. , 

for Minutes 1 00 

Dec. 22. To cash rec'd of St. Stephen 'sch,,Shen. Co., Va., 

Rev. P. C. Wike, pastor, for Bene. Fund ... 3 00 

Dec. 22. To cash rec'd of St. Stephen's ch,, Shen. Co., 

Va., Rev. P. C. Wike, pastor, for Synod. Fund 1 00 

Dec. 26. To cash rec'd of St. Stephen's ch., Catawba Co., 
N. C, from former Treas., Rev. R. A, Yoder, 
per Rev. A. 1,, Crouse 7 00 

Dec. 26. To cash rec'd of Shilohch., Alexander Co., N.C., 

Rev. J. P. Miller, pastor, per Rev. A. L. Crouse 5 00 

Dec. 26. To cash rec'd of Sardis ch., Catawba Co., N. C, 

Rev. J. P. Miller, pastor, per Rev. A. L. Crouse 3 51 

1S93. 

Jan. 14, To cash rec'd of St. James cong. , Catawba Co., 

N. C, Rev. R. A. Yoder, pastor 15 00 

Jan. 14. To cash rec'd of Grace cong., Catawba Co,, N. C, 

Rev. R. A. Yoder, pastor 11 00 

Jan. 14. To cash rec'd of Salem cong., Alexander Co. , N. 

C, Rev. R. A. Yoder, pastor 4 00 

Jan. 23. To cash rec'd of C. M. Efird, Lexington, S. C, 

for 69 copies U. S. Min., session '92, Knoxville 6 90 

Feb. 8. To cash rec'd of St. Stephen's congregation, Ca- 
tawba Co., N. C, Rev. A. L. Crouse, pastor . . 7 40 

Feb. 8. To cash rec'd of Mt. Olive congregation, Cataw- 
ba Co., N. C, Rev. A. L. Crouse, pastor ... 1 50 

Feb. 13. Tocashrec'dof Rev. J. W. Hausenfiuck, for Min- 
utes of 1891 1 20 

Feb. iS. To cash rec'd of Rev. Prof. Charles A. Hay, D. 

D., for Minutes of Synod of 1892 10 

Feb. 21. To cash rec'd of J. W. Summer, Hope's, Lexing- 
ton Co., S. C, for Minutes of 1892 10 

Mar. 9. Tocashrec'dof A. J. Beck, Cid, N. C, for Min- 
utes of 1892 10 

Mar. 27. To cash rec'd of Rev. C. F. J. Johanning, Long 

View, Illinois, for Minutes of 1892 10 

April 2. To cash rec'd of Rev. S. Henkel, New Market, 

Va., part of his Apportionment 23 00 



22 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD'. 

April 5. To cash rec'd of the Young People's Home and 
Foreign Missionary Society of St. Peter's Evan- 
gelical Lutheran congregation, Lexington Co., 
S. C, Rev. J. A. Cromer, pastor, per Miss 

Bessie Kleckly, Treasurer 10 00 

April 19. To cash rec'd of St. Stephen congregation, Ca- 
tawba Co., N. C, Rev. A. L. Crouse, pastor . . 5 00 
April 23. To cash £ec'd of Solomon's Evangelical Luther- 
an congregation, Shenandoah Co., Va. , Rev. J. 
P. Stirewalt, pastor, part of Synodical Appor- 
tionment 3 87 

May 16. To cash rec'd of Rev. S. Henkel, assistant Treas- 
urer, formerly of the Beneficiary Fund, for Ben- 
eficiary Education , 50 00 

June 11. To cash rec'd of St. Paul congregation, Hupp, 
Rockingham Co,, Va., Rev. J, Paul Stirewalt, 
pastor, part of Synodical Apportionment ... 4 75 

July 17. To cash rec'd of St. Paul congregation, Page 
Co., Va. , Rev. R. H. Cline, pastor, for Benefi- 
ciary Education, part of Apportionment '. . . 5 00 
July 30. To cash rec'd of Solomon's church, Shenandoah 
Co., Va. , Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, pastor, for Bene- 
ficiary Education, part of Apportionment ... 9 45 
Aug. 6. To cash rec'd of St. Mary's (Pine) church, Shen- 
andoah Co., Va., Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, pastor, 

part of Apportionment ... 6 82 

Aug. 20. To cash rec'd of Rader's church, Rockingham 
Co., Va., Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, pastor, part of 
Apportionment .... . ... 10 29 

To cash rec'd of Mrs. M. M. Henkel, Rochelle, 

Va , personal donation for Beneficial Purposes 2 00 
To cash rec'd of Grace E. L. congregation, Ca- 
tawba Co., N. C, Rev. R. A. Yoder, pastor . . 3 00 
To cash rec'd of Friendship E. L. congregation, 

Alexander Co., N. C, Rev. J. P. Miller, pastor 3 50 
To cash rec'd of Sardis E. L. congregation, Ca- 
tawba Co., N. C, Rev. J. P. Miller, pastor . . 2 33 
To cash rec'd of St. Stephen E. L. congregation, 

Catawba Co., N. C, Rev. A. L. Crouse, pastor 2 50 
To cash rec'd of Rev. J. P. Miller's pastorate . . 1 10 

To cash rec'd of Rev. R. H. Cline, personal dona- 
tion to Arthur M. Pence on board bill .... 6 00 



Aug. 


23- 


Aug. 


23- 


Aug. 


23- 


Aug. 


23- 


Aug. 


23- 


Aug. 


23- 


Sept. 


4- 



"MINUTES OF' EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. "23 

Sept. 4. To cash rec'd of St. Luke's (Alma) congregation, 
Page Co., Va., Rev. R. H. Cline, pastor, part 
of Sy nodical Apportionment 1 25 

Sept. 4. To cash rec'd of Rev. R. H. Cline's pastorate, 

part of Sy nodical Apportionment 5 00 

Sept. 21. To cash rec'd of Mrs. John P. Pence, to reimburse 

Synod for appropriation made to Arthur Pence 5 40 

Sept. 22. To cash rec'd of St. Matthew's E. L. congrega- 
tion, Shenandoah Co., Va., Rev. P. C. Wike, 
pastor, for Beneficiary Education, Alabama Mis- 
sion and Sy nodical Fund • . . . 6 00 

Sept. 22. To cash rec'd of St. Stephen'sE. L,. congregation, 
Shenandoah Co., Va., Rev. P. C. Wike, pastor, 
for Beneficiary Education, Alabama Mission, 
and Synodical Fund 6 97 

Sept. 22. To cash rec'd of Rev. D. I. Offman's pastorate, 

part of Apportionment 4 20 

Sept. 22. To cash rec'd of Mt. Nebo congregation, Madison 
Co., Va,, Rev. J. S. Koiner, pastor, for Benefi- 
ciary Education 2 15 

Sept. 22. To cash rec'd of Lutheran Chapel congregation, 
Gaston Co., N. C, per Rev. L. L,. Lohr, part of 
Synodical Apportionment 10 00 

Sept. 22. To cash rec'd of Antioch congregation, Gaston 
Co., N. C, per Rev. L. L. Lohr, for Synodical 
Apportionment 7 00 

Sept. 22. To cash rec'd of St. John's congregation, Cherry- 
ville, N. C, per Rev. L. L. Eohr, for Synodical 
Apportionment 5 00 

Sept. 23. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. F. Moser's pastorate, for 

Apportionment 10 00 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Shiloh congregation, Rev. J. P. 

Miller, pastor, part of Sjmodical Apportionment 3 00 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Sardis congregation, Catawba 
Co., N. C, Rev. J. P. Miller, pastor, part of Syn- 
odical Apportionment 2 70 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of St. Timothy congregation, Ca- 
tawba Co., N. C. , Rev. J. P. Miller, pastor . . 5 00 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Trinitj^ congregation, Catawba 
Co., N. C. , Rev. D. A. Goodman, pastor, for 
Synodical Apportionment 3 90 



24 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of St. Stephen's congregation, Ca- 
tawba Co., N. C, Rev. A. L. Crouse, pastor, for 
Apportionment .... 5 OO' 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Rev. Jacob Wike's pastorate, 

Synodical Apportionment 9 30 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of St. John's congregation,. Lexing- 
ton Co., S. C, Rev. S. L. Nease, pastor, Appor- 
tionment IS 00 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Holy Trinity congregation, New- 
berry Co., S. C, Rev. S. L. Nease, pastor, Ap- 
portionment 5 00 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Morning Star congregation, Page 

Co., Va., per Samuel T. Miller, Apportionment 2 00 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of St. David's congregation, Shen- 
andoah Co., Va. , Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck, Ap- 
portionment 2 05 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of St. Jacob's (Bethany) congrega- 
tion, Rockingham Co., Va., Rev. J. W. Haus- 
enfluck, pastor, Apportionment 4 50 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of the Young People's Home and 
Foreign Missionary Society of Emmanuel con- 
gregation, Lexington Co., S. C, Rev. J. A. Cro- 
mer, pastor, Apportionment 14 08 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of the Young People's Home and 
Foreign Missionary Society of St. Andrew's 
congregation, Richland Co., S. C. , Rev. J. A. 
Cromer, pastor, Apportionment 4 50 

vSept. 25. To cash rec'd of the Young People's Home and 
Foreign Missionary Society of Midway School- 
house, Lexington Co., S. C, Rev. J. A. Cromer, 
pastor, Apportionment 4 00 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Zion congregation, Lexington 
Co., S. C, Rev. J. A. Cromer, pastor, Appor- 
tionment 20 OG 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Grace congregation, Lewiedale, 

S. C, Rev. J. A. Cromer, pastor, Apportionment 1 60 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Holy Trinity congregation, Hick- 
ory, N. C, Rev. J. C. Moser, pastor, part of Ap- 
portionment 30 00 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Zion congregation, Catawba Co., 
N. C, Rev. J. C. Moser, pastor, part of Appor- 
tionment 15 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Philadelphia congregation, Cald- 
well Co., N. C, Rev. J. C. Moser, pastor, part 
of Apportionment 4 00 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Trinity congregation, Lincoln 
Co., N. C, Rev. J. A. Rudisill, pastor, Appor- 
tionment .... 38 00 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Daniel congregation, Lincoln Co., 
N. C, Rev. J. A. Rudisill, pastor, Apportion- 
ment 20 00 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Bethphage congregation, Lincoln 
Co., N. C, Rev. J. A. Rudisill, pastor, Appor- 
tionment 15 01 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of Trinity congregation, Rocking- 
ham Co. ,Va. , Rev. I. Conder, pastor, Appor- 
tionment ■ 2 00 

Total $ 963 10 

FOREIGN MISSION RECEIPTS. 

1892. 

Aug. 16. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, former 
Treasurer, from Rev. J. A. Rudisill, for Foreign 
Missions $ 6 80 

CHURCH EXTENSION EUND. 
1892. 

Aug. 16. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, former 
Treasurer, for the Church Extension Fund, bal- 
ance as per his report of last year $ 20 09 

MONEY RECEIVED FOR UNITED SYNOD MINUTES. 
1892. 

Aug. 16. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, former 
Treasurer, balance as per his report of last year, 
for United S3 T nod Minutes 10 62 

ALABAMA MISSION RECEIPTS. 

1892. 

Aug. 16. To cash rec'd of former Treasurer, Rev. J. N. 
Stirewalt, balance as per his last year's report, 
for Alabama Mission • • $ 1 72 

Oct. 28. To cash rec'd of Rev. P. C. Wike for Mt. Calvary 
church, Shenandoah Co., Va., for Alabama Mis- 
sion 3 00 

Dec. 12. To cash rec'd of Mrs. Mary M. Henkel, Rochelle, 

Va. , personal, for Alabama Mission 1 00 



26 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAE LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Dec. 22. To cashrec'd of St. Stephen church, Shenandoah 

Co., Va., Rev. P. C. Wike, pastor i oo 

Dec. 22. To cash rec'd as voluntary contributions by pas- 
tor and members of St. Matthew's E. L. church, 
Shenandoah Co., Va., per Rev. P. C. Wike . . 4 50 

Dec. 26. To cash rec'd of St. Stephen's church Sunday- 
school, Catawba Co., N. C, Rev. A. L. Crouse, 
pastor, "specially for Bro. Sox" 3 00 

Dec. 26. To cash rec'd of Rev. Prof. A. L. Crouse, person- 
al, "specially for Bro. Sox" 1 00 

Dec. 26. To cash rec'd of Mrs. Tirzah A. Stirewalt, per- 
sonal, for Alabama Mission 90 

Dec. 28. To cash rec'd as voluntary contributions by indi- 
vidual members of Rev. P. C. Wike's pastorate, 
for Alabama Mission 6 70 

1893. 

Jan. 1. To cash rec'd as voluntary contribution of H. A. 

Davis, personal, Solo, Wautauga Co., N. C . . 5 00 

Jan. 3. To cash rec'd as voluntary contributions by in- 
dividual members of Rev. P. C. Wike's pastor- 
ate, for Alabama Mission 4 40 

Jan. 9. To cash rec'd as voluntary contributions by in- 
dividual members of Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's va- 
cant pastorate in Page Co., Va 8 45 

Jan. 11. To cash rec'd as voluntary contribution from 
Mrs. Mary A. Rhodes, personal, Saumsville, 
Va. , Rev. P. C. Wike's pastorate, for Alabama 
Mission 50 

Jan. 14. To cash rec'd as voluntary contribution of Miss 
Sarah E. Minnick, personal, Mt. Clifton, Va., 
per Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt 1 00 

Jan. 16. To cash rec'd as voluntary contribution of Rev. 

R. H. Cline, personal, New Market, Va. ... 1 00 

Jan. 16. To cash rec'd as voluntary contributions by in- 
dividual members of St. Paul's church, Page 
Co., Va., Rev. R. H. Cline, pastor 4 25 

Jan. 16. To cash rec'd as voluntary contribution of Rev. 

S. Henkel, personal, New Market, Va 1 00 

Jan. 17. To cash rec'd as voluntary contribution of S. K. 

Heiserman, Glenora, Va. , for Alabama Mission 25 

Jan. iS. To cash rec'd as voluntary contributions of indi- 
vidual members of St. Matthew's congregation, 
Shenandoah Co., Va., Rev. P. C. Wike, pastor, 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 

for Alabama Mission 40 

Jan. 22. To cash rec'd as voluntary contributions of in- 
dividual members of Solomon's and St. Paul's 
churches, in Shenandoah and Rockingham 
counties, Va. , Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, pastor, for 
Alabama Mission 3 5° 

Jan. 23. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, personal 1 00 

Jan. 24. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. A. Cromer, Columbia, 

S. C, personal 75 

Jan. 24. To cash rec'd as voluntary contributions by in- 
dividual members of Rev. J. A. Cromer's pas- 
torate in South Carolina , 3 70 

Jan. 30. To cash rec'd of Ambrose L. Henkel, New Mar- 
ket, Va., personal 25 

Jan. 30. To cash rec'd of Elon O. Henkel, New Market, 

Va. , personal 25 

Jan. 31. To cash rec'd of Trinity E. I/, congregation, Lin- 
coln Co., N. C. , Rev. J. A. Rudisill, pastor, for 
Alabama Mission 1 47 

Feb. 3. To cash rec'd of J. C. Miller, Smithville, Miss., 

personal, for Alabama Mission . . 1 00 

Feb. 7. To cash rec'd of Mrs. Rev. R. H. Cline, New 

Market, Va., personal, for Alabama Mission . 1 00 

Feb. 8. To cash rec'd of Rev. A. T. Crouse, Hickory, N. 

C, personal 60 

Feb. 8. To cash rec'd of individual members of Mt. Olive 
congregation, Catawba Co., N. C, as voluntary 
contributions, Rev. A. L. Crouse, pastor, for 
Alabama Mission 4 So 

Feb. 14. To cash rec'd of Luther M. Pence, Spring Creek, 

Va. , per Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, personal ... 50 

Feb. 17. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. A. Rudisill, Henry, N. 

C. , personal 1 00 

Feb. 17. To cash rec'd of Mrs. Rev. J. A. Rudisill, Henry, 

N. C, personal 1 00 

Feb. 19. To cash rec'd of Mr. and Mrs. J. P. Foltz, 50 cts. 
each, Tenth Legion, Va., per Rev. J. P. Stire- 
walt, for Alabama Mission 1 00 

Feb. 22. To cash rec'd of Mrs. Paul C. Bowman, person- 
al, Bridgewater, Va 25 

Feb. 22. To cash rec'd of individual members of St. Ste- 
phen's congregation, Shenandoah Co., Va. , 
Rev. P. C. Wike, pastor . 1 00 



28 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Feb. 22. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. P. Price, Concord, N. 
C, personal 

Feb. 22. To cash rec'd of Rev. T. Moser, Concord, N. C, 
personal . . . 

Feb. 22. To cash rec'd of D. P. Boger, Concord, N. C, 
personal, per Rev. J. P. Price 

Feb. 23. To cash rec'd of A. Sechrist, Highland, Erath 
Co., Texas, for Alabama Mission 

March 3. To cash rec'd of J. K. Summer, S. C, per Rev. 
W. L,. Darr, for Alabama Mission 

March 3. To cash rec'd of Dr. J. W. Eargle, S. C. , per Rev. 
\ W. L. Darr, for Alabama Mission 

March 7. To cash rec'd as voluntary contributions by in- 
dividual members of Trinity church, Rocking- 
ham Co., Va., Rev. I. Conder, pastor 

March 18. To cash rec'd of Rev. A. L. Crouse for St. Mat- 
thew's congregation, King's Mountain, N. C, 
Rev. L- A. Bikle, D. D., pastor, for Alabama 
Mission 

March 20. To cash rec'd as voluntary contributions bj^ indi- 
vidual members of Rev. J. P. Miller's pastorate 
in North Carolina, for Alabama Mission . . . 

March 20. To cash rec'd of Silas Wike, personal, of North 
Carolina, per Rev. R. A. Yoder, for Alabama 
Mission 

April 10. To cash rec'd of St. Peter's congregation, Cataw- 
ba Co., N. C, Rev. J. M. Smith, pastor, for Al- 
abama Mission 

April 10. To cash rec'd of St. Paul's congregation, Cataw- 
ba Co., N. C, Rev. J. M. Smith, pastor, for Al- 
abama Mission 

April 10. To cash rec'd of Bethel congregation, Catawba 
Co., N. C, Rev. J. M. Smith, pastor, for Ala- 
bama Mission 

April 10. To cash rec'd of Rev. J. M. Smith, Conover, N. 
C, personal, for Alabama Mission 

April 19. To cash rec'd of St. Stephen's Sunday-school, 
Easter collection, Catawba Co., N. C, Rev. A. 
L,. Crouse, pastor, for Alabama Mission .... 

April 24. To cash rec'd of J. L,. Moretz, Meat Camp, N. C, 
contributed by the Sunday-school of his con- 
erescation for Alabama Mission 



1 00 

50 

50 

5 00 

1 00 



5 11 



5 7i 



19 70 



3 75 
1 25 

4 25 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



29 



April 28. To cash rec'd of the Sunday-school of St. Paul's 
E. L,. church, Shenandoah Co., Va., Rev. P. C. 
Wike, pastor, for Alabama Mission 1 00 

April 30. To cash rec'd by collection of Powder Springs 
church, Shenandoah Co., Va., Rev. R. H. Cline, 
pastor, for Alabama Mission 6 62 

April 30. To cash rec'd of Mrs. P. W. Baker, Orkney 

Springs, Va., personal, for Alabama Mission . 38 

April 29. To cash rec'd of Misses Vickie and Minnie Miller, 
Smithville, Miss., collected by them for Ala- 
bama Mission 3 45 

April 30. To cash rec'd of Miss Willie H. Bowman, Bridge- 
water, Va. , per Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, for Ala- 
bama Mission ....-'. 35 

May 20. To cash rec'd of Sharon congregation, N. C, 

Rev. J. R. Peterson, pastor, for Alabama Mission 4 00 

Ma}- 20. To cash rec'd of College Chapel congregation, 
Gaston Co., N. C, Rev. J. R. Peterson, pastor, 
for Alabama Mission 3 00 

May 20. To cash rec'd of Christ's church, Gaston Co., N. 
C, Rev. J. R. Peterson, pastor, for Alabama 
Mission 6 45 

May 20. To cash rec'd of Philadelphia congregation, Gas- 
ton Co., N. C, Rev. J. R. Peterson, pastor, for 
Alabama Mission 8 00 

May 28. To cash rec'd of Mrs. Annie E. Pence, of Solo- 
mon's church, Shenandoah Co., Va., Rev. J. P. 
Stirewalt, pastor, for Alabama Mission .... 25 

June 4. To cash rec'd of St. Mary's (Pine) church, Shen- 
andoah Co., Va., Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, pastor, 
for Alabama Mission 3 55 

June 19. To cash rec'd of A. Shutters as voluntary contri- 
butions by individual members of St. Jacob's 
(Bethany) congregation, Rockingham Co., Va., 
Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck, pastor, for Alabama 
Mission •. . 8 50 

Jul}- 17. To cash rec'd of St. Paul's congregation, Page 
Co., Va., Rev. R. H. Cline, pastor, for Alabama 
Mission, part of Apportionment 5 00 

July 30. To cash rec'd of Solomon's church, Shenandoah 
Co., Va., Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, pastor, for Ala- 
bama Mission, part of Apportionment 9 45 

Sept. 22. To cash rec'd of Rev. D. I. Offman's pastorate . 75 



30 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd of St. Stephen's Sunday-school, 
Catawba Co., N. C, for Alabama Mission, Rev. 
A. L. Crouse, pastor 4 75 

Sept. 25. To cash rec'd as personal donation of individual 
members of Emmanuel E. L. congregation, Da- 
vidson Co., N. C, Rev. Jacob Wike, pastor, for 
Alabama Mission 50 

Total $ 217 01 

1892. Cr. 

Oct. 16. By cash for postage for registering Treasurer's 
Report to Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, East German- 
town, Indiana 14 

Oct. 21. By cash to Arthur M. Pence for books in excess 

of appropriation by Synod — vou. 1 7 72 

Oct. 19. By check to J. J. George, part of appropriation, 

order No. 1, check No. 1 — vou. 2 50 00 

Oct. 19. By check to S. S. Keisler, part of appropriation, 

order No. 2, check No. 2 — vou. 3 35 00 

Oct. 19. By check to J. T. Craps, part of appropriation, 

order No. 3, check No. 3 — vou. 4 35 00 

Oct. 25. By cash for postage on letters containing checks 

to J. J. George, S. S. Keisler, and J. T. Craps . 04 

Nov. 1. By cash paid Rev. D. A. Sox, part of salary as 

per order No. 4 — vou. 5 100 00 

Nov. 1. By check to Rev. Prof. A. Iy. Crouse, part of ap- 
propriation by Synod, order No. 5, check No. 
. 5 — vou. 7 50 00 

Nov. 8. By cash for postage on checks, &c 06 

Nov. 9. By cash to Arthur M. Pence, part of appro, by 

Synod, as per order Nos. 6 and 7 — vou. 8 . . . 45 00 

Nov. 9. By cash paid to Benj. F. Pence, part of appro. 

by Synod as per order Nos. 6 and 7 — vou. 9 . . 20 00 

Dec. 11. By cash for postage on 9 Minutes sent to J. D. 
Printz, Stony Man, Va. , and Minutes to Jacob 
Miller, Cedar Point, Va 12 

Dec 16. By cash for postage on letters to Rev. A. L. Bo- 
liek, W. A. Boyte, and D. M. Moser, in regard 
to collecting the money they owe to Synod . . 06 

Dec. 19. By cash for postage on four copies of Minutes . 08 

Dec. 21. By check to S. S. Keisler, as per order No. 8, 

check No. 6 — vou. 10 1 1 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



31 



By cash for postage on check 02 

By cash to Henkel & Co., for printing Minutes — 
vou. 11 28 00 

By check No. 7 to Henkel & Co., for printing 
Minutes — vou. 11 22 00 

By cash to Rev. P. C. Wike for expenses incurr- 
ed in mailing Minutes of Tennessee Synod, as 
per order No. 9 — vou. 12 1 50 

By check No. 8 to Rev. D. A. Sox, part of salary 
as per order No. 10 — vou. 13 100 00 

By cash for postage on five letters to Revs. 
Crouse, Sox, Boliek, &c 10 

By cash to Rev. A. L. Crouse for collecting checks 
for theological students, as per order No. 11 — 
vou. 14 60 

By cash on two copies of Minutes to Dr. Hay and 
J. W. Summer, and one letter to Rev. Crouse . 06 

By cash to Henkel & Co., balance for printing 
Minutes of 1892 — vou. 15 44 21 

By cash for postage on letters to Rev. A. L. 
Crouse, C. H. Duls, Rev. D. A. Sox, and R. G. 
Chisolm 08 

By cash to Charles H. Duls, Charlotte, N. C, 
Treasurer of United Synod, as per resolution 
on page 24 at the top of last year's Minutes — 
vou. 16 I 10 62 

By cash to Charles H. Duls, Charlotte, N. C. , as 
per Rev. A. L. Crouse's letter of Feb. 18, 1893 
— vou. 17 6 90 

By cash to R. G. Chisolm, 31 Pitt St., Charles- 
ton, S. C. , for Foreign Missions, see check No. 
10 and Rev. Crouse's letter Feb. 18, 1893 — 
vou. 18 6 80 

By cash per check No. 11 to Rev. D. A. Sox, Ed- 
wardsville, Ala., as per order No. 12 — vou. 19 . 74 00 

By cash for postage on Minutes to Rev. C. F. J. 
Johanning, Long View, 111 02 

By check to J. L. Cromer, part of his appropria- 
tion by Synod, as per order of President, order 
No. 13 — vou. 20 20 00 



Dec. 


21. 


1893. 




Jan. 


3- 


Jan. 


3' 


Jan. 


9< 


Jan. 


7- 


Jan. 


11 


Feb. 


8. 


Feb. 


23- 


March 


21, 


March 


21. 


• 




March 


21 



March 21. 
March 21. 

March 23. 
April 1. 
April 12. 



32 MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

April 10. By cash to Rev. J. M. Smith which he deducted 
from $41.70 from his charge to pay for check 

for $41.60 10 

May 20. By cash to Ben. F. Pence, balance of appropria- 
tion by Synod, as per order of President — No. 14 

— vou. 21 20 00 

May 20. By cash for postage on letters at different times . 20 

May 24. By cash per check No. 14 to Rev. D. A. Sox, as 

per order of President — No. 15 — vou. 22 ... 75 00 
July 12. By cash for postage on blank parochial reports 
and letters at different times to W. A. Boyte, 
D. M. Moser, and Revs. Sox and Crouse ... 52 

By cash to S. P. Fogle for balance of Arthur M. 
Pence's board to Feb. 28, 1893 — vou. 23 ... . 13 00 

By cash per check No. 15 to Rev. D. A. Sox, part 
of order No. 16 — vou. 24 25 00 

By cash for postage on three letters 06 

By cash to Arthur M. Pence, Rev. R. H. Cline's 
donation 6 00 

By cash to Sidney S. Keisler, part of his appro- 
priation by Synod, per Rev. A. L,. Crouse, or- 
der No. 14 — vou. 25 16 50 

By cash to John J. George, part of his appropria- 
tion by Synod, per Rev. A. L,. Crouse, order 
No. 14 — vou. 26 31 50 

By cash to Joseph L,. Cromer, part of his appro- 
priation by Synod, per Rev. A. L. Crouse, or- 
der No. 14 — vou. 27 10 45 

By cash to J. T. Craps, part of his appropriation 
by Synod, per Rev. A. L,. Crouse, order No. 14 
— vou. 28 20 00 

By cash to Henkel & Co. , for printing parochial 
blanks (100) and for 2 packs envelopes — vou. 29 90 

By cash to Rev. A. L. Crouse, part of last year's 
salary for teaching Theology, order No. 15 — 

vou. 30 50 00 

Sept. 26. By cash to Rev. D. A. Sox, on salary of last year 12 15 

Total $ 950 51 



Aug. 


3- 


Aug. 


15- 


Aug. 


15- 


Sept. 


4- 


Aug. 


i5- 


Aug. 


21. 


Aug. 


9- 


Aug. 


9- 


Sept. 


22. 


Sept. 


26. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 33 
l8 9 3- 

Sept. 26. Total amt. reed, to date, including Church Ex- 
tension Fund already on hand $1200 50 

95o 51 

Amt. on hand $ 259 99 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. PAUL STIREWALT, Treasurer 

Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

The Treasurer advanced Arthur M. Pence $7.72, previous 
to the reception of an order from the President of Synod, 
which act was sustained by Synod. 

Synod now adjourned to meet tomorrow at the set time. 
Prayer by Rev. W. L,. Darr. 



SIXTH SESSION. 



Wednesday, Sept. 27 — 9 A. M. 
Synod convened. Prayer by Rev. S. L,. Nease. Minutes 
adopted. 

Special Rules of Order were adopted. 

SPECIAL RULES OF ORDER. 

Moved that, for the remaining part of this convention, the following 
be observed : 

1. The member who presents any motion or resolution, shall have 
the first privilege of speaking on it. 

2. No member shall speak longer than five minutes, unless this 
privilege be granted by the house. 

3. No member shall speak more than once on the same motion or 
resolution, until every other member who desires it has had the priv- 
ilege of the floor. 

4. No member shall speak more than thrice on the same subject, 
except by permission of the house. 

Rev. S. S. Rahn was excused from further attendance on 
this convention of Synod. 

Rev. Prof. A. L. Crouse read his report as Theological 
Teacher, which was received and adopted. 



34 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

REPORT OF THE THEOLOGICAL INSTRUCTOR. 

To the E. L. Tennessee Synod : — In compliance with your di- 
rection, I report that during the past year I have given instruction in 
theology to our theological students in Lenoir College, Hickory, N. 
C. During the scholastic year which ended May 18, 1893, I instructed 
ten students. Three of these graduated in the literary department, 
and, according to our custom, have left the institution. They took a 
complete course in the study of the catechism. They did not quite 
complete the course in dogmatics. A few lectures on Homiletics were 
given them. 

Twelve students have entered the theological department for the 
present year. One is yet out, but will return soon, if Synod appro- 
priates enough money to enable him to do so. Two of these are grad- 
uates in their literary course. 

Instruction is given every day in the catechism, and in the Book 
of Concord and Schmid's Dogmatics, with some references to Hutter's 
Compend. The students are required to commit to memory and re- 
cite all proof passages of Scripture. A short course will be given to 
the more advanced students in Homiletics and Liturgies. No regular 
work in Scriptural Exegesis is possible, for want of time, on the part 
of both students and instructor. 

The sermons which the more advanced students have time to pre- 
pare, are examined, and they are required to preach occasionally be- 
fore the instructor and the other students. They are also required to 
read the orders of service in the Church Book, and also the forms of 
ministerial acts ; the latter in both the English and German languages. 

The deportment of the students is, for the most part, such as should 
characterize young Christian gentlemen. 

Respectfully submitted, A. L. CROUSE. 

Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, Chairman of the Committee on State 
of the Church, read the following report, which was received 
and adopted : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

We, your Committee on the State of the Church, beg leave to sub- 
mit the following report : 

I. VIRGINIA. 

The congregations in connection with our conference are in a pros- 
perous condition. At this time there is but one vacant congregation 
in our connection. Mt. Nebo congregation, Rochelle, Va. , has become 
vacant by the recent resignation of Rev. J. S. Koiner. 

One new church edifice has been built during the summer by Rev. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 35 

R. H. Cline, at Alma, Page Co., Va. It was dedicated on the third 
Sunday of September. This congregation is in a good condition. 
Brother Cline is also building a new church edifice in his Zion con- 
gregation, near Headquarters, Shenandoah Co., Va. It will be dedi- 
cated in the near future. All our congregations are supplied with 
regular services and catechising. But a matter of regret is that some 
of them have no Sunday-schools. 

Our Virginia Conference is actively engaged in the work of Home 
Missions. Our mission in Eastern Virginia is in a growing condition. 
The congregation at Fleetwood is building a house of worship. It 
needs our assistance. This work is being done by Rev. J. C. Wes- 
singer. At Broadway and Spring Creek, in Rockingham Co., Va. , 
and Midvale, Rockbridge Co., Va., mission work is being done with 
commendable success. Upon the whole, we can report considerable 
progress in our church in Virginia. 

II. NORTH CAROLINA. 

In North Carolina, the work of the church has made fair progress, 
excepting the late school trouble in and around Conover, which has 
introduced a foreign element in our midst, giving some cause for con- 
fusion and disaffection towards our Synod. The brethren are laboring 
together in peace and harmony. Through our conference, and the 
individual work of the pastors, much has been done in mission work. 
We have some vacant congregations, but nearly all of them are re- 
ceiving some attention by different pastors. Sunday-school work is 
gaining a greater hold upon the people. There is a spirit of Christian 
giving manifested among many of the lay members, but this depart- 
ment of Christian life has not yet reached a satisfactory development. 
There is a growing interest in Christian education. Notwithstanding 
the stringent condition of the finances of the cottntry, the schools 
under the care of our pastors are quite well patronized, and the spirit 
of education is each year becoming broader and deeper in the hearts 
of our people. The greatest want is more ministers. At present there 
is need of three ministers in order to supply the vacant congregations 
and establish new ones. L,et us pray that the Master, may send new 
laborers in the field white unto harvest. 

III. SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Our churches are getting along reasonably well in South Carolina. 
There are no vacant churches, but some of the charges are too large 
and scattered over too much territory. 

Attendance is very good. There are catechetical classes in all of 
our churches, sometimes twice a year, and some of them are large. 



36 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SVNOD. 

All the churches except two have Sunday-schools, which are well at- 
tended, and taught by earnest teachers. 

Rev. J. G. Schaid's charge has built, during the year, a commodious 
parsonage, valued at $1200.00: 

In Rev. Darr's charge, two new churches have been dedicated. 

In Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge, a congregation has been organized, 
and a church, costing about $500.00, is nearly completed. 

Taking everything into consideration, our churches are making 
very fair progress. 

IV. ALABAMA. 

Our missionary reports progress. The pastor's salary is' not as 
promptly paid as it should be. This, in a large measure, interferes 
with the work. This interference could easily be removed if we could 
cultivate a more willing spirit of Christian giving in our people. Tet 
us all endeavor to give this important work all the assistance we can 
by our prayers, money, and words of encouragement. We deem it 
inexpedient to report at great length on this part of our work, for the 
reason that the Board of Missions of this Synod will report on this 
subject. Respectfully submitted, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 
J. G. SCHAID. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., read the following report, which 
was received and considered by items : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

We, the committee appointed to report on the President's Report, 
submit the following : 

We regard it as a well prepared report. 

1. The President calls attention to two letters from Mr. George A. 
Riser, of Tupello, Mississippi, who asks aid to help him to prepare 
for the ministry. Relative to this matter, we recommend that Synod 
take such action as deemed proper. 

2. He submits a paper forwarded to him by Concordia congrega- 
tion, Conover, N. C. Has any action been taken in regard to it? 

3. He states that he gave a letter of dismission to Rev. J. L> Deaton 
from this Synod to the E. L. Synod of the Northwest, subject to the 
action of this Synod. In regard to this, we recommend that Synod 
approve this action. 

4. He calls attention to the change of place for the meeting of Synod. 

S. HENKET, 

J. P. STIREWALT. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 37 



Item 1. Sustained. 

Item 2. Deferred. 

Item 3. Sustained. 

Item 4. No action necessary. 

By previous arrangement, Rev. L,. K. Probst at this time 
presented the Mission cause. 

Synod adjourned for divine service. Rev. J. S. Koiner 
preached the ordination sermon, and the candidates, J. C. 
Wessinger, G. E. Long, and J.J. George, were ordained. 



SEVENTH SESSION. 



Wednesday, September 27, 2 P. M. 

Synod met. The roll was called. 

On motion, a committee of three, consisting of Revs. W. 
P. Cline, J. G. Schaid, and J. P. Stirewalt, were appointed 
to get up the annual apportionments. 

The Board of Missions presented the following report, 
which was received to be considered : 

REPORT OF THE BOARD OF MISSIONS, 

Your Board submits the following : 

ALABAMA MISSION. 

When this Board was elected and began to look into the affairs of 
this Mission, it found the Synod indebted to the Missionary to the 
amount of $274, with instructions from Synod to settle the indebted- 
ness. It found that it had only one hundred dollars available for that 
purpose. The Treasurer was ordered to transmit this amount imme- 
diately. The Missionary represented himself to be in straightened 
circumstances financially. He urgently called upon the Board for 
the full amount due him. The Board resolved to appeal to the church 
for special contributions of money for this purpose This was done 
through Our Church Paper and private letters. The church alread}' 
knows what the success was. Some money was borrowed which has 
since been refunded, and in a few months the debt was paid. The 
Board informed the Missionary that it could not promise to pay him 
any certain amount of money during the current year, while at the 



38 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

same time it would not specify what work he should do or what time 
he should devote to it, but encouraged him to do all he could and al- 
lowed him to go on with his school, promising him to pay him what 
it could. One hundred dollars has been paid him for the last year's 
work, and an order issued upon the Treasurer for fifty dollars more. 
In June, 1893, the President of the Synod visited the field. The 
Board did not incur the expense of this visit. The information ob- 
tained has been given to the church through Our Church Paper. It 
is enough to say here that the conviction was that the interests were 
such that the mission must receive continued support, and the Board 
agreed to pa}? the same amount of salary formerly paid, provided it 
could receive money sufficient to do so. This it has not been able to 
do. Notwithstanding his hindrances, the Missionary has done good 
work. His annual report in our hands enables us to make the follow- 
ing statements : The St. Michael's congregation has lost some mem- 
bers by removal, but several persons are to be confirmed soon. The 
increase in the Zion congregation has been small, but it will soon re- 
ceive some accessions by confirmation. The congregation in Anniston 
has sixty or seventy souls. During the past year it has part of the 
time been without a place of worship, but a house has been rented for 
its use. A neat little church owned but now vacated by the Northern 
Presbyterians has been offered for sale. Our congregation is trying 
to sell its vacant lot and bu3' this church. 

OTHER MISSIONS. 

The Mission of the Virginia Conference is in a fairly good condi- 
tion. Some advances are being made, and Conference seems resolved 
to push the work more earnestly in the future. There are seven mis- 
sion points receiving the attention of Conference. 

The North Carolina Conference has steadily continued to support 
its missions at Statesville and Monroe. No other points have received 
financial aid through the Conference Some money has been secured 
in a private way for the Taylorsville mission, and it is hoped that its 
house of worship will be completed this winter. It now has a regular 
pastor. Other points, Morganton, Maiden, Lincolnton, and Killian's 
schoolhouse have been served by different pastors. The Morganton 
mission is a very important and promising one. 

The South Carolina Conference has no mission of its own, therefore 
we recommend that it meet regularly and co-operate with the Board 
in supporting the Alabama Mission. We further recommend that all 
our Sunday-schools in the Synod be, and they are hereby, appeal- 
ed to make the Alabama Mission a special object of their support. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 39 



We also recommend that another pastor be called to the Alabama 

Mission as soon as his support can be provided for. 

A. L. CROUSE, 
P. C. WIKE. 

The motion prevailed to pay the missionary, Rev. D. A. 
Sox, $150.00 for the past year's work. 

Recommendation i. Sustained. 

Recommendation 2. Sustained, and the following reso- 
lution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the Board of Missions be requested to send out an 
earnest appeal to the Sunday-schools of our Synod, to contribute funds 
for the support of our Alabama mission, with the assistance of the 
South Carolina conference ; also that the Board is hereby authorized 
to devise such plans as they may deem necessary to successfully carry 
out the wishes of the Synod. 



Recommendation 3. Adopted. 
The report was adopted as a whole. 



EIGHTH SESSION. 



Wednesday, Sept. 27 — 8.30 P. M. 
On motion, the calling of the roll was dispensed with. 
The following resolution , in reference to the mission work 
of the United Synod of the South, was adopted : 

Resolved, That we have heard with great interest the excellent ad- 
dress of Rev. Iv. K. Probst, Secretary of the Board of Missions of the 
United Synod of the South, and hereby express our very great inter- 
est in the work of home and foreign missions ; but, whereas, under 
the present condition of things, we cannot consistently, as a Synod, 
take any special action in regard to the mission work, foreign or home, 
under the care of the United Synod, we trust the different ministers 
and congregations will pursue such a course relative to this important 
matter, as they may deem proper. 

Rev. R. H: Cline, Chairman of the Committee on Treasu- 
rer's Report, submitted the following : 



40 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON TREASURER'S REPORT. 

We, your Committee on Treasurer's Report, would offer the fol- 
lowing : 

i . We find the credits and debits correct. 

2. We find the amount of thirteen dollars paid out by the Treasurer 
without the President's order. Inasmuch as this was a debt honestly 
contracted by the members of your Examining Committee in Virginia, 
and no order from the President could be secured, therefore we rec- 
ommend that Synod sustain the Treasurer in his action. 
Respectfully submitted, 

R. H. CLINE, 

J. G. SCHAID, 

J. C. WESSINGER. 

The report was received and considered. The recommen- 
dation of the committee was sustained. The report was 
adopted as a whole. 

Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, Chairman of the Committee on Sup- 
port of Aged and Infirm Pastors, presented the following: 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON SUPPORT OF AGED AND 
INFIRM PASTORS. 
Resolved I. That every pastor contribute one per cent, of his in- 
come to a fund, to be called the Pastors' Fund. 

2. That this fund be administered by the officers of Synod. 

3. That this Synod establish rules to guide the officers in the man- 
agement of this fund. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 
J. G. SCHAID. 

The report was received and considered. 

Item 1. Sustained. 

Item 2. Sustained. 

Item 3. Sustained as amended. 

A committee, consisting of Revs. W. P. Cline, J. P. Stire- 
walt, and J. G. Schaid, were appointed to get up apian, and 
present to the next meeting of this Synod for consideration. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

The Committee on Church Institutions presented the fol- 
lowing report : 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 41 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CHURCH INSTITUTIONS. 

Your Committee on Church Institutions submits the following : 
Within the bounds of our Synod, conducted by our pastors and 
people, are a number of schools, literary and theological. While 
none of them are as yet under the fostering care of Synod, yet we 
deem it proper to instruct our people concerning them through this 
method. The Polytechnic Institute, New Market, Va. , is a chartered 
institution for male and female. It is well conducted and enjoys 
prosperity. It is worthy the attention and patronage of all concerned. 
Von Bora College, Luray, Va., is for females only. Rev. J. I. Miller, 
D. D., is the founder and president. The present outlook is encour- 
aging. The principal's life has been chiefly devoted to the education 
of girls. His great concern for their intellectual and spiritual welfare, 
should demand the attention and patronage of those who have girls 
to educate. Holly Grove Academy, Ilex, N. C, Rev. Prof. A. R. 
Beck, principal, is a worthy school of commendable academic grade, 
and is worthy the liberal patronage of all around. At Monroe, N. C, 
a parochial school is conducted by Rev. Prof. J. F. Moser. This work 
commends itself as an example to every pastor of this Synod. Gaston 
College, Dallas, N. C : This institution, with Rev. Pro^f. S. S. Rahn, 
Ph. D., President, had a fairly prosperous session in iSq2-'93. It is a 
boarding school for girls. Prospects promise a larger attendance dur- 
ing the ensuing scholastic year. It is doing a good work for our 
Lutheran church through the teaching of the Bible and Luther's Cat- 
echism. Lenoir College, Hickory, N. C, is also for the coeducation 
of the sexes. It is in a very prosperous condition. The attendance 
is large and increasing. It deserves the care and patronage of our 
people. At Lenoir College is located Synod's theological professor. 
The work done by him can be learned best through his report sub- 
mitted to this body. Cleburne Institute, at Edwardsville, Alabama, 
is an institution run by our Missionary, Rev. Prof. D. A. Sox. It is 
enjoying prosperity and exerts a good influence for the welfare of our 
Zion. Concerning the Summit High School, Summit, S. C, con- 
ducted by Rev. E- L. Lybrand, we have no data. 
Respectfully submitted, 

P. C. WIKE, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 

HENRY WITTIG. 

The report was received and considered. 
On motion, that part of the report in reference to Concor- 
dia College was stricken out. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 



42 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The following resolutions were passed : 

WHEREAS, We believe, that in this age of high, intellectual devel- 
opment, when all the different Christian societies with which we are 
surrounded are especially engaged in the noble work of educating the 
young, the attention of our people ought to be more directly called to 
this great obligation resting upon all who love the kingdom of our 
Redeemer, and some plan be formulated by which our people can 
safely give their moral and material support to» the great work of 
Christian education, and 

WHEREAS, We learn with pleasure that Lenoir College, Hickory, 
N. C. , an institution under the care and management of a number of 
our pastors, is enjoying a high degree of prosperity, and doing noble 
work towards promoting Christian education, especially among our 
own people ; therefore, be it 

Resolved i. That we commend this institution of learning to the 
attention of our people, believing it worthy of their patronage, moral 
and material support. 

Resolved 2. That a committee of three ministers, one from each 
State, be appointed to confer with the board of trustees of this institu- 
tion, with a view of bringing it into closer relation with our Synod, 
so that our people may have a better opportunity to engage more di- 
rectly in the great work of Christian education. 

Resolved 3. That it shall be the duty of this committee to make 
diligent and careful investigation of the financial condition of the 
school, the property it possesses, its management, and moral and doc- 
trinal basis upon which it has been founded, and report the same at 
the next meeting of our Synod. 

In reference to the second resolution, the following com- 
mittee was appointed : Revs. P. C. Wike, J. A. Rudisill, 
and J. A. Cromer. 

The following resolutions were adopted : 

Resolved, That we appropriate $300 to the support of our theolog- 
ical teacher in Lenoir College, Hickory, N. C, and require him to 
give at least one-half of his time to imparting instruction to the theo- 
logical students in that institution. 

2. That as soon as expedient, and the funds can be provided, the 
course of instruction in theology at Lenoir College shall be more fully 
taught, and one or more additional instructors be secured. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 43 



NINTH SESSION. 



Thursday, September 28, 9 A. M. 

Synod met, and divine services were conducted by Rev. 
J. G. Schaid. The roll was called. The reading of the 
minutes was deferred. 

Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., with Rev. J. C. Moser, alternate, 
was appointed to preach the ordination sermon at the next 
meeting of Synod. 

The following resolutions were adopted : 

Resolved, That our hearty thanks are due and hereby tendered the 
pastor and people of this church and community, for their great 
kindness shown us during our stay here, and to the choir for their 
excellent music. 

Resolved, That Synod request pastor J. C. Moser to furnish a copy 
of the special sermon on Missions for publication, and that a commit- 
tee be appointed to see to the publishing and the sale of it among the 
churches. 

The following committee, Revs. R. A. Yoder, A. L,. 
Crouse,'and P. C. Wike, were appointed to have published 
and sold the special sermon on the subject of Missions, 
preached by Rev. J. C. Moser, at this meeting of Synod. 

Rev. S. S. Rahn, with Rev. P. C. Wike, alternate, was 
appointed to preach the special sermon on Missions, at next 
meeting of Synod ; Rev. F. C. Oberly, with Rev. A. L. 
Crouse, alternate, was appointed to preach the sermon on 
Catechisation. 

Rev. J. P. Stirewalt read the Report of the Committee on 
Apportionment, which was received and considered. 

The report was amended and adopted as follows : 



SYNODICAL APPORTIONMENT. 

PerCent. I Per Cent. 

D. A. Sox . \ . 1 

J. A. Rudisill 6 

J. F. Moser 2 

R. H. Cline 4 

P. C. Wike 4 



J. R. Peterson •. .2 

S. Henkel y/ 2 

J. M. Smith .■ .5 

F. C. Oberly . 1% 

L,. A. Bikle 2 



44 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Per Cent. 

I. Conder . i l / 2 

J. N. Stirewalt 5 

A. L. Crouse ... ... 3 

J. P. Stirewalt 6 

J. C. Moser 5 

J. J. George 3 

S. S. Rahn 2 

J. W. Hausenfluck 4 

J. A. Cromer 4^ 

E. L. Lybrand .... $% 

R. A. Yoder 5 

W. P. Cline 2 

(G. A. Romoser) 1 



Per Cent. 

J. P. Price 2 

W. L. Darr 3 

D. I. Offman 1 

J. P. Miller 2 

J. G. Schaid 2 l / 2 

D. J. Settlemyre 3^ 

J. Wike y/ 2 

(W. Hi T. Dau) 2 

S. L. Nease i]/ 2 

A. L. Boliek 2 

G. E. Long \y 2 

D. A. Goodman 1 



W. P. CLINE, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 

J. G. SCHAID. 

The following appropriations to beneficiary students were 
made: Benjamin F. Pence, $ioqj^,Q^>rg^ . AV Rile^jyas re- 
ferred to the. South Carolina members 6rPthe Examining Com- 
mittee, with instructions to make such provisions for him as 
it finds possible and deems best; «S. S. Keisler is to receive 
$90; J. L- Cromer, $6or*£.<p.'SO;fc t .$5o. F. K.- Roof and 
M. L. Pence were referred to the members of the Examining 
Committee in North Carolina, with instructions to make 
such arrangements as it can, 

The deferred item on the Report of Committee on Presi- 
dent's Report was taken up, and the following action was 
taken : 

WHEREAS, A letter concerning our relation to the United Synod, 
from Concordia congregation, Conover, N. C, by accident was not 
placed into the hands of the Committee on Letters and Petitions, and 
it having been read before Synod ; 

Resolved, That as this matter has been discussed at considerable 
length, Synod finds it impossible to take any more definite action at 
this time. 

The Report of the Committee on the President's Report 
was adopted as a whole. 

The following was adopted : 



:- 



^^ 






MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 45 

Resolved i. That the Treasurer of this Synod be required to ac- 
knowledge in Our Church Paper, from time to time, during the 
synodical year, the amounts of money received by hirn for the Synod- 
ical Fund and for other general church purposes. 

2. That in his report to Synod, the Treasurer shall be required »to 
state only the sum total received from each pastor or pastorate during 
the year. 

The following pastors absent were not excused : Rev. L- 
A. Bikle, D. D., Rev. D. J. Settlemyre, Rev. D. A. Good- 
man. 

The following pastors were absent and excused: Rev. R. 
A. Yoder, Rev. D. C. Huffman, Rev. A. R. Beck. 

Synod adjourned to meet at the time and place appointed. 

Religious sendees conducted by the President. 

J. A. RUDISIU,, Secretary. 



46 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



DIVINE SERVICES. 



Friday, September 22, 1893. 
7.30 P. M. — Sermon. In Emmanuel church, Rev. A. L,. Boliek — 
Luke 11 : 28. 

Saturday, September 23, 1893. 
11.00 A. M. — Opening sermon. Rev. A. L. Grouse — Phil. 1 : 27-28. 
7.30 P. M. — Sermon. Rev. P. C. Wike — L,uke 16 : 19-31. 

Sunday, September 24, 1893. 
10.30 A. M.— Sermon. Rev. J. C. Moser— 1 Tim. 4 : 8. 
10.30 A. M. — Sermon. In Methodist church, Rev. J. I. Miller. 
10.30 A. M. — Sermon. In St. Matthew's church, Rev. J. A. Rudisill. 
7.30 P. M.— Sermon. Rev. S. S. Rahn— Prov. 4 : 18. 
7.30 P. M. — Sermon. In St. Matthew's church, Rev. Jacob Wike — 
1 Thes. 2 : 18. 

Monday, September 25, 1893. 
11.00 A. M. — Sermon. Rev. W. P. Cline — St. John 21 : 22. 
7.30 P. M.— Sermon. Rev. F. C. Oberly — 2 Cor. 5 : 13-14. 

Tuesday, September 26, 1893. 
11.00 A. M. — Sermon. Rev. J. C. Moser — Romans 1 : 14-16. 
7.30 P. M. — Sermon. Rev. J. G. Schaid — Luke 1 : 4. 

Wednesday, September 27, 1893. 
11.00 A. M. — Ordination sermon. Rev. J. S. Koiner — 1 Tim 3 : 1. 
7.30 P. M. — Sermon. Rev. J. A. Cromer. 

Thursday, September 28, 1893. * 

11.00 A. M. — Sermon. Rev. W. L,. Darr. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 47 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 
— Devotional exercises by the President. 
—Call of Clerical Roll. 

—Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 
— Reading of President's Report. 
— Election of Officers. 
— Reception of Advisory Members. 
— Reception of Letters and Petitions. 
— Appointment of Standing Committees. 
— Devotion. 



OTHER DAYS, 
i. — Devotion. 
2.— Calling of Roll. 

3. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 
4. — Unfinished Business. 
5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 
6. — Report of Special Committees. 
7. — Resolutions. 
8. — New Business. 
9. — Devotion. 



LIST OF CHURCHES IN CONNECTION WITH THE EVAN 
GELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ALABAMA. 

Cleburne County.— St. Michael, Emmanuel. 
Calhoun County. — Zion. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Lexington County.— Zion, St. Peter (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Immanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethle- 
hem, St. Thomas, Mt. Horeb, Holy Trinity. 

Richland County.— St. Andrew, Mt. Tabor. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Alamance County.— Mt. Pleasant. 

Alexander County.— Friendship, Salem, Shiloh, St. Paul. 

Burke County.— Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 

Caldwell County.— Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Trinity. 

Cabarrus County.— St. Martin, Mt. Gilead. 



48 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. 
Paul, St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, 
Bethel, St. Timothy, Mt. Olive, St. Andrew. 

Cleveland County. — St. Matthew. 

Davidson County. — Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem, 
Holly Grove. 

Gaston County.— St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. • 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

Iredell County. — Sharon, St. Martin, St. John's. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinity, Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon, Cedar Grove, and David's Chapel. 

Mecklenburg County. — Morning Star. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthon. 

Rowan County.— Mt. Moriah, St. Mark, Phanuel. 

Stanley County. — St. Martin, Zion. 

Union County.— Emmanuel, St. Luke. 

Watauga County.— Valle Crusis, Mt. Pleasant. 

VIRGINIA. 

Augusta County. — St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. — Bethany (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, Trini- 
ty, St. Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel, St. Paul. 

Prince William County.— Bethel. 

Page County.— St. Paul, St. Luke (Alma), Grace, Mt. Cal- 
vary, Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. Mary 
(Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, St. 
Stephen, St. David, Mt. Calvary, Morning Star. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 

CulpEpER County. —Trinity. ' 

Total, 116. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved i . That each of our pastors' is required to present to his 
people the educational and missionary work of Synod, to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, to take up in each of his congre- 
gations collections for the general work of the Church, and to report 
at each regular convention of our Synod ; and that in the case of pas- 
tors failing to do this, inquiry shall be made, and unless satisfactory 
reasons be rendered, such pastor, after the first and second admoni- 
tion, may be subject to the censure of this Synod. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 49 

Resolved 2. That the Council of each congregation be requested to 
send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechis- 
ing those who propose to become members of our communion, pre- 
vious to their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, 
and rather a loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the 
Church, without the slightest examination of them in regard to their 
religious knowledge and other qualifications for church membership, 
has been practiced by some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved j. That we earnestly recommend all our ministers and 
congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all 
who make application for church membership be thoroughly instruct- 
ed, by Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previ- 
ous to their confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when 
persons of age and experience make application, or such young per- 
sons as have been so favorably situated as to have had opportunities 
to become acquainted with and to have informed themselves of our 
doctrines and customs, seek church privileges, we recommend that 
their request be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have 
been examined by the pastor, before the council, and have been ap- 
proved by them. 

Resolved 4. That the ministers of our connection be requested to 
endeavor to get up and encourage Sunday-schools in all of their con- 
gregations and report their success to the Committee on the State of 
the Church, some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 5. That the Committee on the State of the Church be re- 
quired to make every reasonable effort, during the Synodical year, to 
ascertain the condition of all the congregations in our connection, and 
report the same to the annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 6. That it be the duty of the President, with the consent 
of the pastor elect and congregation, to appoint a committee of instal- 
lation, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in our Syn- 
od, to perform this ceremony. 

Resolved 7. That no minister be excused who does not sufficiently 
respect Synod as to send directly to it the reasons for his absence. 

Resolved 8. That we hereby establish a Synodical Fund, to be 
raised by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which 
all contingent expenses of Synod are to be met. 

Resolved g. That hereafter the expenses of corresponding delegates 
to sister Synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 

Resolved 10. That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our min- 



50 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

isters to ask their congregations to defray their expenses in attending 
the meetings of our Synod. 

Resolved it. That the ministers connected with this Synod, when 
absent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending 
in their reports to Synod. 

Resolved 12. That the Mission Work of this Synod be transferred 
to the several Conferences. 

Resolved 13. That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestly 
and actively in this work under such regulations as may to them 
seem best. 

Resolved 14. That the chairmen of the Executive Committee of 
Missions in our Conferences be, and are hereby, required to report 
annually to Synod a full, written report of the Missionary work of 
their bodies during the year. 

Resolved 15. That the reports of the Conferences in regard to Mis- 
sion Work, be referred to the Committee on the State of the Church. 

Resolved 16. That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in 
their power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, 
lecturing, and catechisation, with a view sooner or later of getting 
men of their own color to look after the spiritual interests of their race 
in connection with the Lutheran church. 

Whereas, It is meet and right that the dignity, sacredness, and 
solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and 
in order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved ij. That Synod recommend, that all applicants for ex- 
amination and ordination, and for whom there are petitions to Synod 
from a congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination 
and ordination, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services 
on the part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some 
session of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and, 
if found qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further 

Resolved 18. That it is the sentiment of this Synod, that this rec- 
ommendation should be acquiesced in, in all possible cases, as the 
order of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved ig. That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, 
consulting with the pastor loci, to. arrange for the Sunday-school serv- 
ices, to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, by 
appointing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting subjects, 
and informing the speakers of their selection at least two months pre- 
vious to each meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 20. That the President and Secretary of this Synod be 
hereafter the Standing Board of Missions. 



,.0 






PAROCHIAL REPORT. 



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Advisory Members ... 9, 16 

Advisory Resolution 15 

Annual Apportionments, Committee appointed on 37 

Aged and Infirm Ministers, Report of Committee on Support of 40 

Apportionment, Report of Committee on 43-44 

Appropriations to Beneficiary Students 44 

Beneficiaries 4 

Candidates for the Ministry 4 

Committees 8-9 

Course in Theolog}' 10-11 

Committee on Examination, Report of 17 

Committee on State of the Church, Report of 34 _ 36 

Church Institutions, Report of Committee on 41 

Corcordia Congregation, Resolution in regard to Letter of . . . 44 

Divine Services 46 

Lay-Delegates 5 

Letters and Petitions, Report of Committee on 12-15 

Lenoir College, Preamble and Resolutions in regard to 42 

List of Churches 47-48 

Ministerial Roll 3-4 

Missions, presented by Rev. L. K. Probst 16, 37 

Missions, Report of Board of 37 _ 39 

Missions, Appeal to Sunday-schools in behalf of, &c 39 

Missions, Special Sermon on, requested to be printed 43 

Missions, Sermon on, Committee Appointed to have printed. . 43 

Officers of Synod 2 

Officers, Election of 8 

Ordination Sermon preached 37 

Ordination of Candidates for the Ministry 37 

Order of Business 47 

President's Report 5-8 

President's Report, Report of Committee on 36- 

Pulpit and Altar Fellowship, Resolution in regard to Pamphlet on 12 

Parochial Reports ... 51 

Report of Examining Committee 17 

Special Rules of Order • 33 

Sermons to be preached at next meeting of Synod 43 

Standing Resolutions 48-50 

Treasurer's Report i8 _ 33 

Treasurer's Report, Report of Committee on 40 

Treasurer's Report, Resolutions in regard to 45 

Time and Place of Next Meeting 2 

Theological Instructor, Report of 34 

Theological Instructor, Appropriations for 42 

Thanks, Resolution of 43 

Unfinished Business, Report of Committee on 9-10 

United Synod, Resolution in regard to Co-operation with ... 16 
United Synod Missions, Resolution in regard to 39 



MINUTES 

OF THE 
SEVENTY-FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 

TENNESSEE SYNOD, 

HEM> IN 

ST. JOHN'S CHURCH, 

LEXINGTON COUNTY, SOUTH CAROLINA, 

SEPTEMBER 22-26, 1894. 



Henkel & Co. '8 Steam Printing House. 
OFFICE OF OUR CHURCH PAPER, SHENANDOAH VALLEY, &C. 
New Market, Shenandoah County, Virginia. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President— Rev. J. F. MOSER Monrce, N. C. 

Recording Secretary — Rev. J. P. MILLER .... Hickory, N. C. 
Corresponding Secretary. — Rev. J. C. MOSER . . Hickory, N. C. 
Treasurer— R-ev. R. A. YODER Hicko *y, N. C. 



MISSION BOARD OF SYNOD. 



Revs. J. F. MOSER and J. P. MILLER. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON STATE OF THE CHURCH: 
Revs. A. L. CROUSE, P. C. WIKE, S. L. NEASE. 

ON EXAMINATION: 

Revs. S. HENKEL, D. D., J. S. KOINER, J. A. RUDISILL, J. C. 
MOSER, E. L. LYBRAND, and W. L. DARR. 



TIME AND PLACE OF NEXT CONVENTION. 



The time is Saturday, 10 A. M. , before the 5th Sunday of September, 
1895, and the place is hereafter to be selected by the officers of Synod. 



MINUTES 

, OF THE 

SEVENTY- FOURTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVAN&. LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



FIRST SESSION. 



• 



St. John's Church, Lexington Co., S. C, 
Saturday, Sept. 22, 1894. 
According to adjournment of its last convention, the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met in regular session, at 
St. John's Church (Broad River), Lexington county, S. C. , 
at 11 A. M., Sept. 22, 1894. In the absence of the Presi- 
dent, Rev. I. Conder, the opening sermon was preached by 
the Secretary, Rev. J. A. Rudisill ; text, 2 Tim. — "Preach 
the Word." 

MINISTERIAL ROLL. 

Rev. J. R. Peterson* Dallas, N. C. 

T. Moser* Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

S. Henkel, D. D.* New Market, Va. 

C. H. Bernheim Lexington, N. C. 

J. M. Smith Conover, N. C. 

Prof. L. A. Bickle, D. D.t King's Mountain, N. C. 

I. Conder* McGaheysville, Va. 

J. N. Stirewalt* Luray, Va. 

•Prof. A. L. Crouse Hickory, N. C. 

J. P. Stirewalt* New Market, Va. 

Prof. J. C. Moser Hickory, N. C. 

J. A. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

Prof. E. L. Lybrand Summit, S. C. 

Prof. R. A. Yoder Hickory, N. C. 



*Absent and excused. fAbsent and not excused. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner* Luray, Va. 

" J. I. Miller, D. D.* Buena Vista, Va. 

" D. A. Sox . Edwardsville, Ala. 

" D. A. Goodman Connelly Springs, N. C. 

" J. W. Hausenfluckt Rockingham, Va. 

" Prof. W. P. Cline Hickory, N. C. 

" D. J. Settlemyre China Grove, N. C. 

" J. K. Efird* Oakesdale, Wash. 

" J. A. Rudisill Henry, N. C. 

" Prof. R. H. Cline* Shenandoah, Va. 

" P. C. Wike Tom's Brook, Va. 

" D. C. Huffman* Hickory, N. C. 

" J. G. Schaid Rightwell, S. C. 

" J. P. Price Concord, N. C. 

" J. F. Moser Monroe, N. C. 

" W. L- Darr Spring Hill, S. C. 

" D. I. Offman Melanchthon, N. C. 

" Prof. J. P. Miller Hickory, N. C. 

" Jacob Wike* Pinnix, N. C. 

" A. R. Beck Ilex, N. C. 

" S. L. Nease Little Mountain, S. C. 

" A. L. Boliek* Orkney Springs, Va. 

" F. C. Oberlyf Luray, Va. 

" G. E. Long Taylorsville, N. C. 

" J. C. Wessinger Henry, N. C. 

" J.J.George Cherryville, N. C. 

" Prof. R. L. Fritz Hickory, N. C. 

" S. S. Keisler Ops, Ark, 

CANDIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

Wm. H. Roof Summit, S. C. 

Francis K. Roof Columbia, S. C. 

H.Julian Mathias Lexington, S. C. 

J. Allen Arndt Cherryville, N. C. 

Enoch J. Sox Hickory, N. C. 

Cephas K. Lippard Statesville, N. C. 

J. L. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

Benjamin F. Pence Forestville, Va. 

George A. Riser Tupelo, Miss. 

M. Luther Pence Cootes's Store, Va. 

J. T. Craps Lewiedale, S. C. 

*Absent and excused. t Absent and not excused. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELIC AX LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



BENEFICIARIES. 

J. L- Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

E. J. Sox Hickory, N. C. 

George A. Riser Tupelo, Miss. 

Benjamin F. Pence Forestville, Va. 

LAY-DELEGATES. 

Elon O. Henkel — Emmanuel, New Market, Va. 
J. T. Cline— St. Stephen's, Catawba Co., N. C. 
M. L. Cline — Holy Trinity and Zion, Catawba Co., N. C. 
A. Costner — Salem, Lincoln Co., N. C. 
T. P. Cloninger— Mt. Olive, Catawba Co., N. C. 
Prof. R. L. Fritz— St. John's and St. Martin's, Iredell Co., N. C. 
D. C. Boland— St. Peter's (P. W.), Lexington Co., S. C. 
J. D. Wessinger — St. Thomas, Lexington Co., S. C. 
P. L. Miller— St. Timothy's and Sardis, Catawba Co ., and Shiloh, 
Alexander Co., N. C. 
I. A. Lindler— St. Peter's (M.;, Lexington Co., S. C. 
J. W. Summer— St. John's, Lexington Co., S. C. 
W. P. Carpenter— Mt. Moriah and St. Mark's, Rowan Co., N. C. 
Wm. Yoder— St. Andrew's, East Hickory, N. C. 
Chas. F. Conrad — Pilgrim and Holly Grove, Davidson Co., N. C. 

C. Bookman — Bethlehem, Lexington Co., S. C. 

D. F. Efird— Zion, Lexington Co., S. C. 

Prof. Chas. L. Coon — Concordia, Conover, N. C. 
W. H. Hare — Cedar Grove, Lexington Co., S. C. 

F. K. Roof — Emmanuel's, Lexington Co., S. C. 
Louis Shealy — St. James', Lexington Co., S. C. 
C. M. Yoder— Grace, Catawba Co., N. C. 

W. L. Plonk— St. Mark's and St. John's, Gaston Co., N. C. 

Prof. S. A. Wolf— College Chapel and Philadelphia, Gaston Co. , N. C. 

A. P. Rhyne— Mt. Holly, Gaston Co., N. C. 

W. C. Shealy— Holy Trinity, Little Mountain, S. C. 

G. H. Schwartz— St. Andrew's, Richland Co., S. C. 
Dr. J. W. Eargle— St. Jacob's, Lexington Co., S. C. 
H. P. Metz— Mt. Horeb, Chapin, S. C. 

The President's annual report was then read by Secretary 
Rev. J. A. Rudisill. 



6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

Dear Brethren in Christ : — In the Providence of God we have 
been permitted to pass through another synodical year. We have 
reason to thank the Great Head of the Church that none of our breth- 
ren in the ministry have been disabled or become enfeebled by ill 
health to discontinue their labors, or any called home to their long 
reward ; but are still permitted to continue in the discharge of their 
regular ministerial duties with usual degree of success. 

We have met together to discharge the duty assigned us in promot- 
ing the best interests of the Redeemer's Kingdom upon earth. Let us 
not lose sight of the dignity and responsibility that rest upon us as 
servants of Christ, but say with the Psalmist : "Not unto us, O Lord, 
not unto us, but unto thy name give glory for thy mercy and for thy 
truth's sake." 

We implore the guidance of the Holy Spirit to so govern and direct 
us in the transaction of business, for which we have been called to- 
gether, to prevent schism and alienation of feelings, but may our de- 
liberations in this meeting be productive of much good to the honor 
and glory of God. 

OFFICIAL ACTS. 
Some time after adjournment of last Synod, I issued an order on 
the Treasurer to pay Rev. D. A. Sox $50, for services rendered in the 
Alabama Mission for last year's work. On December 8, to same, 
$50 ; on January 18, 1894. $20 ; January 25, $50 ; and April 10, $25. 
In October, 1893, an order issued in favor of Benjamin F. Pence for 
$50 ; October 12, S. S. Keisler for $22.50 ; October 27, Rev. A. L. 
Crouse, theological professor in Lenoir College, North Carolina, for 
$100 ; to the same, August 29, for $100 ; October 31, Rev. J. J. George 
$18.50 ; November 7, J. T. Craps for $20 ; same date, Arthur M. Pence 
for $10 ; December 6, S. S. Keisler for $50 ; December 9, E. J. Sox for 
$30 ; on December 11, Joseph L. Cromer for $30 ; on January 9, 1894, 
an order in favor of Geo. A. Riser for $25 ; February 16, Rev. A. L. 
Crouse for $100 ; March 26, B. F. Pence $50 ; April 3, Joseph L. Cro- 
mer for $30 ; April 10, Geo. A. Riser, the balance due him, $35. On 
April 20, I received a notice from Mr. S. S. Keisler that he had re- 
ceived $10 of beneficiary funds from Prof. R. A. Yoder. 

INSTALLATIONS. 
During the present year there have been two installation services. 
On the 8th of October, 1893, Rev. Frank C. Oberly, of the Ministerium 
of Pennsylvania, was installed as pastor of St. Mark's, Page county. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

Virginia, and Bethlehem congregations. Rev. S. Henkel, D. D. , of 
New Market, Virginia, preached the installation sermon, and Rev. J, 
I. Miller, D. D. , inducted him into office as pastor of those congrega- 
tions. 

I was required to install Rev. G. E. Long as pastor of St. Paul's 
church, Taylorsville, Alexander county, North Carolina, on the 2d 
Sunday of December, 1893, but being unable to attend Prof. R. A. 
Yoder performed that duty. 

On January 19, 1894, I received a communication from Pastor F. 
Kuegele, Augusta county, Virginia, of the English Missouri Synod, 
stating that he ordained Prof. Buchheimer, and introduced him as 
pastor of Concordia congregation, at Couover, North Carolina. 

RESIGNATIONS AND CALLS. 

Rev. R. H. Cline has resigned St. John's church, Rockingham 
county, Virginia, and Zion's church, Shenandoah county, Virginia. 

Rev. A. L. Boliek has received and accepted a call from Zion's 
church, Shenandoah county, Virginia, to take effect after October 1st. 
A new house of worship has been built there, and it was consecrated 
to the service of God on the 1st Sunday of September, 1S94. Rev. P. 
C. Wike preached the dedication sermon. 

I have resigned my entire charge, consisting of St. Peter's, Shen- 
andoah, Page county, Virginia ; McGaheysville and Trinity churches, 
Rockingham county, Virginia. 

Rev. R. H. Cline has received and accepted a call to St. Peter's, 
Shenandoah, Page county, Virginia, where a new parsonage has been 
recently erected. 

> NEW CHURCH. 

On July 23, 1894, I received notice from Rev. J. A. Rudisill that 
he had dedicated a new church, Cedar Grove, 50 x 30 ft., Lincoln 
county, North Carolina, on the 4th Sunday of June. 

On August 11, I gave Rev. Iy. L. L,ohr a letter of honorable dismis- 
sal from our Synod, with a view of connecting himself with the East 
Pennsylvania Synod, which convened in Allentown, Pennsylvania, on 
the 19th of September, 1894. 

On November 23, I was informed that the Examining Committee, 
as appointed by Synod, Revs. J. A. Cromer and E. If. Lybrand, of 
South Carolina, examined Mr. Geo. A. Riser, of Tupelo, Mississippi, 
a candidate for the ministry and an applicant for beneficiary aid, as 
to his moral and intellectual attainments, and they favorably recom- 
mended him to me, and also that he attend Newberry College, South 



8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Carolina, and that an appropriation of $60 be allowed him, which was 
approved. (I herewith submit his class standing). 

On December 11, I received a communication from the Examining 
Committee, Profs. J. C. Moser and W. P. Cline, of Lenoir College, 
North Carolina, stating that they had examined Mr. E. J. Sox, and 
found him in every way worthy and well qualified to be received un- 
der the care of Synod, and that $50 be appropriated for his benefit, 
which was also approved. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

1 . We should devise some more efficient means for the raising of 
funds for carrying on our missionary work, as we find that we have 
fallen short of meeting our obligations in the Alabama mission. The 
cause of this delinquency should be investigated, and, if possible, cor- 
rected. 

2. We do not consider it expedient to dissolve our connection at 
this time with the United Synod South. We do not think it wise to 
be hasty in this matter. We believe that the Lutheran church would 
make greater progress in the common cause of the salvation of souls, 
aud be able to do more effective work in our Master's vineyard ; we 
should ponder well before we take this backward step, but endeavor 
to make it what its name imports, united both in soul and body. Let 
us exercise the spirit of long-suffering, wait, pray, and labor for unity 
of sentiment ; we believe that much more good could be accomplished 
for our beloved zion. 

I have endeavored to the best of my ability to discharge the import- 
ant trust committed to me ; you will pardon my mistakes, and thank- 
ing you for the confidence manifested towards me, I therefore vacate 
the chair, and implore the guidance of the Holy Spirit to rest upon 
you in all of your deliberations. I. CONDER, 

President E. L Tenn. Synod. 

OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 

The following were elected : 

Rev. J. F. Moser, President. 

Rev. J. P. Miller, Recording Secretary. 

Rev. J. C. Moser, Corresponding Secretary. 

Rev. R. A. Yoder, Treasurer. 
After taking his seat and making a few fitting remarks, 
the President appointed the following committees : 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



COMMITTEES. 

On the State of the Church. — Revs. A. I y . Crouse, P. C. 
Wike, and S. L,. Nease. 

On President's Report— Rev. W. P. Cline, Rev. D. J. Set- 
tlemyre, and Wm Yoder. 

On Examination. — Revs. S. Henkel, J. S. Koiner, J. A. 
Rudisill, J. C. Moser, E. L- Lybrand, and Wm. L,. Darr. 

On Letters and Petitions. — Rev. R. A. Yoder, Rev. J. P. 
Price, and J. W. Summer. 

On U?ifinished Business. — Rev. J. A. Rudisill, Rev. A. R. 
Beck, and W. P. Carpenter. 

On Church Institutions. — Revs. D. J. Settlemyre, G. E. 
L,oug, and R. L,. Fritz. 

On Treasurer's Report. — Rev. J. J. George, A. Costuer, 
and Elon O. Henkel. 

Synod adjourned for one hour. 



SECOND SESSION. 



The Synod was called to .order by the President. 
The Report of Committee on President's Report was read, 
received, and considered item by item. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

We, the committee appointed on President's Report, submit the 
following : We regard it as a well prepared report. 

i. The Presidlnt calls attention to a communication of Rev. F. 
Kuegele, of the English Missouri Synod, in which Rev. Kuegele 
states that he ordained and installed Prof. Buchheimer as pastor of Con- 
cordia congregation, Conover, N. C. ; some time in January, 1894. 
We regard this action of the congregation in this matter as irregular. 

2. We recommend that the action of the President with regard to 
the honorable dismissal of Rev. L. L. L,ohr from this Synod to the 
East Pennsylvania Synod be not sustained, because it is regarded as 
irregular for want of authority. 



IO MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

3. We call attention to the recommendation of the President in ref- 
erence to the withdrawal of this Synod from the United Synod, and 
recommend that it be not sustained. 

4. In reference to the President's recommendation of devising more 
efficient means of raising synodical funds, we suggest that each pas- 
tor see to it that he raise the amount of his apportionment.. 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. P. ClylNE, 

D. J. SETTLEMYRE, 
WM. YODER. 

Item 1. Recommendation sustained. 

Item 2. Recommendation sustained. 

Item 3. Action deferred. 

Item 4. Recommendation sustained. 

At the request of Synod the President appointed the fol- 
lowing Committee on Apportionment : Revs. J. J. George, 
P. C. Wike, and S. L. Nease. 

With reference to the time to be devoted to synodical bus- 
iness and devotional exercises the following regulations 
were adopted for this convention : 

Business session from 9 o'clock to 11 A. M. Sermon. 
One hour's intermission for dinner and recreation, after 
which business session till adjournment in the evening, the 
hour for adjournment not being designated. 

During the evening's session the following members ar- 
rived : Revs. J. M. Smith, C. H. Bernheim, and A. R. 
Beck ; delegates, Chas. L,. Coon, W. H. Hare, and F. K. 
Roof. 

The presence of pastors H. K. G. Doermann of the Ohio 
Synod and W. H. T. Dau of the Missouri Synod was no- 
ted. 

Synod adjourned to meet Monday morning at 9 o'clock 
A. M. Prayer and benediction by Rev. R. A. Yoder. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. II 



THIRD SESSION. 



Monday, Sept. 24, 9 o'clock, A. M. 
Synod opened with religious services conducted by Rev. 

D. I. Offman. Roll was called. 

On yesterday the sermon in the church was preached by 
Rev. R. A. Yoder — text, Ps. 32, 5. At the same hour Rev. 
J. C. Moser preached in the grove — text, Matt. 5,16. After 
preaching, the holy communion was celebrated. In the af- 
ternoon some Sunday-school addresses were made. 

The following members arrived since last session : Rev. 

E. L,. Lybrand, Rev. D. A. Goodman, Louis Shealy, C. M. 
Yoder, W. I,. Plonk, Prof. S. A. Wolf, and A. P. Rhyne. 

The Treasurer's Report was read by Elon O. Henkel. 
The report was received and placed into the hands of the 
proper committee. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

J. PAUL STIREWALT, Treasurer, 

In Account with the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
1893. Dr. 

Sept. 26. To balance on hand from last year's report . 

To cash of Rev. J. R. Peterson's pastorate . 

To cash of Rev. S. Henkel's pastorate . . 

To cash of Rev. A. L. Crouse's pastorate . 

To cash of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt's pastorate . 

To cash of Rev. J. C. Moser's pastorate . . 

To cash of Rev. J. G. Schaid's pastorate . . 

To cash of Rev. J. A. Cromer's pastorate . 

To cash of Rev. R. A. Yoder's pastorate . 

To cash of Rev. J. S. Koiner's pastorate . . 

To cash of Rev. W. P. Cline's pastorate . 

To cash of Rev. D. J. Settlernvre's pastorate 

To cash of Rev. J. A. Rudisill's pastorate . 

To cash of Rev. P. C. Wike's pastorate . . 

To cash of Rev. J. P. Price's pastorate. . . 

To cash of Rev.. W. L. Darr's pastorate . . . 





$259 99 




35 90 




• 54 45 




10 00 




■ 51 08 




10 00 




20 00 




10 25 




18 00 




2 00 




13 4o 




• 20 50 




6 81 




• 48 75 




20 00 




23 90 



I 2 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Sept. 26. To cash of Rev. J. P. Miller's pastorate 7 50 

To cash of Rev. A. L-. Boliek's pastorate .... 20 00 
To cash of Rev. J. J. George's pastorate, for Pas- 
tors' Fund 4 14 

To cash of Rev. F. C. Oberly's pastorate. ... 17 65 
To cash of Arthur M. Pence, to reimburse Synod 

for his appropriation 40 50 

To cash of Rev. J. C. Wessinger for one ordina- 
tion certificate 25 

Total amt. reed, for all purposes $695 07 

Sept. 21. To amt. reed, of Rev. E. L-. L,ybrand's pastorate . 34 00 

$729 o7 

1893. Cr. 

Oct. 5. By check No. 1, to Rev. D. A. Sox, as per Rev. I. 

Conder's order, No. 1, vou. 1 $ 50 00 

Oct. 16. By cash per check No. 2, to Sidney S. Keisler, as 
per Rev. I. Conder's order, No. 2, vou. No. 2, 
balance of last year's appropriation 22 50 

Oct. 16. By cash for postage on letters at different times . 10 

Oct. 20. By cash to Benj. F. Pence, part of appropriation 
by Synod as per order of Rev. I. Conder, order 
No. 3. Rev. R. H. Cline will furnish voucher — 
voucher 3 25 00 

Oct. 30. By cash as per check No. 3, to Rev. A. L. Crouse, 
part of salary for this synodical year, as per 
order of Rev. I. Conder, No. 4, vou. 4 100 00 

Nov. 1. By cash per check No. 4, to Rev. John J. George, 
balance of appropriation by Synod in 1892, as 
per order of Rev. I. Conder, No. 5, vou. 5 . . . 18 50 

Nov. 3. By cash to Benj. F. Pence, part of appropriation 
by Synod for this synodical year, as per order 
No. 3, vou. 6 5 00 

Nov. 9. By cash to Prof. W. H. Smith, balance due on 
tuition of beneficiary Arthur M. Pence, as per 
order No. 4, vou. 7 . . . . 10 00 

Nov. 10 By cash to Benj. F. Pence, part of appropriation 
by Synod for this synodical year, as per order 
No. 3, vou. 8 . . . 20 00 

Nov. it. By cash per check No. 5, to J. T. Craps, balance 
of appropriation by Synod for last year, as per 
order No. 5, vou. 9 20 00 



"MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

rNov. II. By cash for postage on letters at different times. . 12 

Dec. 5. By cash for postage on Minutes to Rev. J. N. Stire- 

walt 17 

Dec. 27. By cash per check No. 6, to Rev. D. A. Sox, as per 
order No. 6, vou. 10, of Rev. I. Conder, for serv- 
ices for the present synodical year. This amt. 
includes $25 from Emmanuel's church S. S. . . 50 00 

Dec. 26. By cash per Rev. W. P. Cline to E. J. Sox, as per 
order of Rev. I. Conder, No. 7, vou. 11, in part 
only of amt 11 00 

1894. 

Jan. 2. By cash per check No. 7, to beneficiary E. J. Sox, 
as per order No. 7, of Rev. I. Conder, vou. 12, 
balance on order No. 7 19 00 

Jan. 24, By cash per check No. 8, to beneficiary George A. 
Riser, as per order No. 8, of Rev. I. Conder — 
vou. 13 25 00 

Jan. 24. By cash per check No. 9, to Rev. D. A. Sox, as per 
No. 9, of Rev. I. Conder for this year's salary — 
vou. 14 20 00 

Jan. 24. By cash for postage on letters at different times . . 12 

Jan. 30. By cash to Hon. H. S. Trout for South View Or- 
phan Home, sent per Rev. F. C. Oberly direct — 
see vou. 14* ... 661 

Jan. 30. By cash to R. G. Chisolm, Treasurer Board of Mis- 
sions of United Synod for mission work in said 
Synod, amt. sent per Rev* F. C. Oberly — vou. I4t 3 32 

Feb. 9. By cash to Henkel & Co., for printing Minutes, 
postage, and express charges, part of bill — vou. 
15, no order 30 00 

Feb. 14. By cash per check No. 10, to Rev. D. A. Sox, as per 
order No. 10 of Rev. I. Conder, for this year's 
salary — vou. 16 50 00 

Mar. 27. By cash to Sidney S. Keisler, part of appropriation 

— vou. 17, order 10 10 00 

April 4. By cash per check No. 11, to Joseph I,. Cromer, as 
as per order No. 11 of Rev. I. Conder on his ap- 
propriation — vou. 18 30 00 

April 4. By cash for postage on letters at different times . . 14 

May 30. By cash per check No. 12, to Hon. H. S. Trout, for 
South View Orphan Home, as per directions of 
Rev. F. C. Oberly — vou. 19 2 57 



J'4 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

May 30. By cash per check No. 13, to R. G. Chisolm, 31 Pitt 
St., Charleston, S. C, Treas. Mission Board of 
the United Synod, for missions in said Synod, 
as per directions of Rev. F. C. Oberly — vou. 20 2 57 

May 31. By cash per check No, 14, to Rev. D. A. Sox, as per 
order No. 12 of Rev. I. Conder, for this year's 
salary — vou, 21 25 00 

May 31. By cash to Benj. F. Pence, part of appropriation by 
Synod last year, as per order of Rev. I. Conder, 
No. 13, vou. 22 20 00 

May 31. By cash per check No. 15, to Geo. A. Riser, part of 

appropriation, as per order No. 14, vou. 23 . . 17 50 

May 31. By cash for postage at different times 12 

June 7. By cash toSidney S. Keisler, part of appropriation f 

order 10, you. 24 10 00 

Aug. 10. By cash per money order to Geo. A. Riser, part of 

appropriation, as per order No. 14, vou. 25 . . 6 00 

Aug. 10. By cash for money order fee and postage at differ- 
ent times 16 

Aug. 31. By cash to Benj. F. Pence, balance of appropriation 
by Synod of last year, as per order of Rev. I. 
Conder, No. 13, vou. 26 30 00 

Sept. 13. By check to Rev. D. A. Sox, as per order No. 14, 
no vou rec. as yet for this amt. , part of this 
year's salary 50 01 



Credits for all purposes $690 51 

Amt. to balance 4 56 



$695 07 



To amt. of Rev. E. L- Lybrand . . $ 34 00 

To balance on hand in general treasury 42 

To cash in treasury for Pastors' Fund 4 14 

To cash of St. Mark's F. T. congregation, Turay, 

Va., Rev. Oberly, pastor, on apportionment . . 5 28 
To cash rec'd of J. P. Stirewalt's pastorate included 

in his apportionment since account was balanced 1 60 

Total amt. on hand and subject to the order of Synod . $ 45 44 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. PAUL STIREWAUT, Treasurer 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 



MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

The following note of explanation was ordered to be ap- 
pended to the Treasurer's Report : 

Owing to the absence of the former Treasurer, various 
amounts which should appear in the above report have been 
excluded. Those interested in these amounts are referred 
to the Parochial Reports appended to these Minutes ; and 
these amounts will also appear properly credited in the next 
report of the Treasurer. 

It was ordered that another line be added at the end of the 
Parochial Reports for the number of Minutes wanted. 

It was moved and carried that the next convention of this 
Synod meet on Saturday before the 5th Sunday in Septem- 
ber, 1895. 

The arrival of the following delegates was noted : W. C. 
Shealy, G. H. Schwartz, and Dr. J. W. Eargle. 

The following resolution, fixing the synodical year, was 
passed : 

Resolved, That the 31st of August, of each year, be made the termi- 
nation of the synodical year, and that all ministerial reports be made 
to comply therewith. 

Rev. R. A. Yoder read the following report : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

We, your Committee on Letters and Petitions, beg leave to report 
that the following papers, addressed to this Synod, have been placed 
into our hands : 

I. PETITIONS PRAYING FOR ORDINATON 

A is a petition from St. Andrew's congregation, Hickory, N. C, 
praying forthe examination, and, if found qualified, the ordination of 
their pastor, Prof. R. L- Fritz. We recommend that the petition be 
granted. 

B is a petition from St. Paul's congregation, Hot Springs county, 
Arkansas, praying for the examination and, if found qualified, the 
ordination of Mr. S. S. Keisler ; and they also ask for his service. We 
recommend that this petition be granted. 



i"6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



II. PETITIONS OF CONGREGATIONS PRAYING TO BE RECEIVED INTO' 

THIS SYNOD. 

A is a petition from St. Paul's E. h. congregation, Hot Springs 
county, Arkansas ; asking to be received into connection with this 
Synod, They state that they have adopted the constitution recom- 
mended by the North Carolina Conference of the E. L,. Tennessee 
Synod. We recommend that this petition be granted. 

B is a similar petition from St John's congregation, Lexington 
count}', S. C.j stating that they have organized a congregation and 
readily subscribe the constitution of the Tennessee Synod. We recom- 
mend that the petition be granted. 

III. LETTERS FROM PASTORS ASKING TO HE EXCUSED FROM ATTEND- 

ANCE AT THIS SESSION OF SYNOD. 

A is a letter from Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., stating that the condition of 
his health is such as to prevent him from attending this session. We 
recommend that he be excused for non-attendance, and that his letter 
be read to Synod. 

B is a letter from Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, stating that his finances 
will not allow his attending this session. We recommend that he be 
not excused. 

C is a letter from Rev. T. Moser, stating that his feeble state of 
health prevents his attendance. We recommend that he be excused. 

D is a similar one from Rev. J. R. Peterson, who recommends mod- 
eration in all discussions. We recommend that he be excused. 

E is a letter from Rev. Jacob Wike, asking to be excused for non- 
attendance because of want of means. We recommend that he be not 
excused. 

j^is a letter from Rev. J. K. Efird, stating that the long distance 
prevents his attendance. We recommend that he be excused, and that 
his letter be read before Synod. 

IV. PETITIONS FROM CONGREGATIONS ASKING SYNOD TO SEVER ITS 

CONNECTION FROM THE UNITED SYNOD OF THE SOUTH. 
A is a petition from St. John's and Concordia congregations, Ca- 
tawba county, N. C, asking this Synod to withdraw from the United 
Synod of the South for the following reasons : 

I. The United Synod of the South has refused to adopt item No. 3 of By-Laws, 
submitted to the Synod for adoption, relative to the so-called Four Points. 

II. The Tennessee Synod has protested in vain against the failure of the United 
Synod of the South to take said action. 

III. The Tennessee Synod is thereby placed in the position of belonging to a gen- 
eral body with which she does not co-operate in church work, nor with which she 
can consistently co-operate on account of previous action. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 



B is a similar petition from Sharon congregation, Iredell county, 
N. C. 

<fis a similar one from St. Paul's, St. Peter's, and Bethel congrega- 
tions, Catawba county, N. C. 

D is a similar one from Friendship, Salem, and St. Paul's congre- 
gations, Alexander county, N. C. 

With reference to all these petitions, asking that this Synod with- 
draw from the United Synod of the South, we recommend that the 
Synod grant the petition, and that we do now by this action withdraw. 

V. PETITIONS FROM CONGREGATIONS ASKING SYNOD TO FORMULATE 
HER POSITION ON THE DOCTRINES OF ELECTION AND CONVERSION. 

A is a petition from St. John's and Concordia congregations, Ca- 
tawba county, N. C, asking Synod to formulate her position on the 
doctrines of Election and Conversion. 

B is a petition from Sharon congregation, Iredell county, N. C, of 
similar import. 

Cis a similar petition from St. Paul's, St. Peter's, and Bethel con- 
gregations, Catawba county, N. C. 

D is a similar petition from Friendship, Salem, and St. Paul's con- 
gregations, Alexander county, N. C. 

With reference to these petitions, asking Synod to state her position 
on these doctrines, we recommend that a committee of five ministers 
be appointed to state the doctrine on the subject of Election, in clear, 
concise, and unequivocal terms, and present it to this meeting of Synod. 

VI. MISCELLANEOUS. 

A is a petition from Melanchthon's congregation, Randolph county, 
N. C, asking Synod to hold its next convention with them. 

B is a letter of dismissal from the Indiana Synod of Rev. J. N. Stire- 
walt to the Tennessee S3'nod. We recommend that Jie be received 
into connection with this Synod. 

C\% a letter from Rev. W. S. Bowman, D. D., delegate of the North 
Carolina Synod to this body, expressing the fraternal feelings of that 
body to us, and his regrets that he could not meet with us in person. 
We recommend that his letter be read to Synod. 

D is a report of the South View Orphans' Home We recommend 
that it be read to Synod. 

E is a letter from Rev. L,. E. Busby, delegate from South Carolina 
Synod to this Synod, conveying fraternal greetings of that body, and 



l8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



regretting that he can not be present in person We recommend that 
his letter be read before Synod. Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER, 
J. P. PRICE, 
J. W. SUMMER. 

Item i (a and b). Recommendations sustained. 

Item 2 (a and b). Recommendations sustained. 

Item 3 {a). Recommendation sustained. 

Item 3 (b). Pending the discussion of this item, Synod 
adjourned for divine service. 

Sermon by Rev. J. F. Moser. Text, i Cor. 16 : 2. Re- 
cess of one hour. 



FOURTH SESSION. 



Synod was called to order by the President. The pres- 
ence of Revs. W. A. Deaton, J. F. Kiser, and S. C. Balen- 
tine was noted. 

The arrival of Rev. S S. Rahn and delegate H. P. Metz 
was noted. 

The Report on Letters and Petitions was again taken up. 

Item 3 (b). Further discussion. Recommendation not 
sustained. Letter read. 

Item 3 (c and d). Recommendations sustained. Letters 
read. 

Item 3 (<?). Recommendation not sustained. 

Item 3 (/). Recommendation sustained. Letter read. 

Item 4 (a, b, c, and d). Recommendation discussed. Not 
sustained by a vote of 31 vs. 20. This action disposed of 
item 3 of Report of Committee on President's Report. 

Item 5 (a, b, c, and d). Synod adjourned, pending the 
discussion of this item. 

Prayer and benediction by the President. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 



FIFTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, September 25, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Synod called to order by the President. Religious serv- 
ices conducted by Rev. D. A. Sox. The minutes of all pre- 
vious sessions of this convention were read, corrected, and 
adopted. 

Item 5 (a, b, c, and d) of Report of Committee on Letters 
and Petitions was discussed at some length. The motion 
was finally put, and the recommendation was not sustained 
by a vote of 26 vs. 21. The following paper was however 
offered as a kind of substitute for the recommendation of the 
committee, and was adopted : 

Resolved, That a committee of five ministers shall be appointed, 
whose duty it shall be to draw up and have published in Our Church 
Paper a declaration of the position of the Tennessee Synod relative to 
the doctrine of Election, and that said committee publish said decla- 
ration as soon as possible after the adjournment of this Synod, to be 
submitted to the next annual convention for consideration. 

The following is the committee appointed by the chair to 
do this duty : Revs. R. A. Yoder, A. L,. Crouse, W. P. 
Cline, J. M. Smith, and J. C. Moser. 

Synod adjourned for divine service. Missionary sermon 
by Rev. S. S. Rahn. Text, St. Mark 16 : 15-20. Recess 
of one hour. 



SIXTH SESSION. 



House was called to order by the President. The follow- 
ing members were excused from further attendance during 
this convention : Rev. J. M. Smith, Prof. S. A. Wolf, J. T. 
Cline, and T. P. Cloninger. 



20 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Committee's Report on Letters and Petitions again taken up. 

Item 6 (a). Action deferred. 

Item 6 (b and c). Recommendations sustained. .Letters 
read. 

Item 6 (d). Recommendation sustained. Report read. 

Item 6 (<?)• Recommendation sustained. Letter read. 

The place for next convention of Synod was left to be 
hereafter determined upon by the officers of Synod. 

This action disposed of item 6 (a) of Report on Letters 
and Petitions. The Report on Letters and Petitions was 
adopted as a whole. 

Item 3 of Report of Committee on President's Report, viz. , 
relative to withdrawal from the United Synod, was disposed 
of by action on item 4 (a, b, c, d,) of Report on Letters and 
Petitions. The Report of Committee on President's Report 
was adopted as a whole. 

The Committee on Synodical Apportionment reported as 
follows : The Committee on Synodical Apportionment 
make the following recommendations for the consideration 
of Synod : 

SYNODICAL APPORTIONMENT. 



J. R. Peterson $20 

S. Henkel 35 

J. M. Smith 50 

F. C. Oberly 15 



R. A. Yoder . . $50 

W. P. Cline 20 

Sharon cong. , Iredell Co . 10 

J. P. Price 20 



L. A. Bikle 20 i W. L. Darr . . 30 

D. A. Sox 10 D- L Offman 10 

J. A. Rudisill 60 J- P. Miller 20 

J. F. Moser 20 J- G. Schaid 25 

R. H. Cline 40 D.J. Settlemyre 35 

P. C. Wike 40 Jacob Wike 20 

I. Conder .....' 15 A. R. Beck 20 

J. N. Stirewalt 50 j Concordia cong., Conover,N.C 10 



A. L. Crouse . . 30 

J. P. Stirewalt . 60 

J. C. Moser 50 



St. John's, Catawba Co., N. C 10 

S. L. Nease 25 

A. L. Boliek 20 



J. J. George 25 j G. B. Long 15 

S. S. Rahn 25 I D. A. Goodman 10 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



J. W. Hausenfluck $40 

J. A. Cromer 45 

E. L. Lybrand 45 



R. L. Fritz $15 

S. S. Keisler 5 

J. J. GEORGE, 
P. C. WIKE, 

S. L. NEASE. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON TREASURER'S REPORT. 

We, your Committee on the Treasurer's Report, have examined 
said report, and found vouchers to correspond with disbursements, 
with exception of one amount of $34.00 received from Rev. E. 1*. Ly- 
brand's pastorate, which was paid after the Treasurer's Report had 
been forwarded to Synod by the Treasurer. The Synod now has a 
total amount in the hands of the Treasurer of $45.44. 

J. J. GEORGE, 
A. COSTNER, 
EIvON O. HENKEL. 

REPORT OF EXAMINING COMMITTEE. 

We, your Committee on Examination, report that we have exam- 
ined candidates R. L,. Fritz and S. S. Keisler as to their qualifications 
to bear the office of the holy ministry, and having found them well 
qualified, we recommend their ordination to the sacred office to which 
they have been called. Respectfully submitted, 

J. C. MOSER, 
E. I* LYBRAND, 
J. A. RUDISIU,, 
WM. L. DARR. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CHURCH INSTITUTIONS. 

We, your Committee on Church Institutions, beg leave to submit 
the following report : 

There are within the bounds of our Sjmod a goodly number of 
schools, under the care of our pastors and people. Whilst we have 
no sy nodical school, we yet deem it important to inform our people 
with regard to these schools. 

The Summit High School, located at Summit, South Carolina, Rev. 
Prof. E. h. Lybrand, principal, is a chartered institution with full 
powers and privileges to award distinctions and grant diplomas. This 
school is a co-educational institution, and well deserves the patronage 
of our people. 



22 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The Polytechnic Institute, New Market, Virginia. This is a char- 
tered institution for both sexes. It is well conducted, and is in a 
prosperous condition. It is worthy of the attention and patronage of 
those who are seeking a liberal education. 

The Von Bora Female College, L,uray, Virginia, has an encouraging 
outlook under the care of its efficient president, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt. 
It merits the attention and patronage of those who have girls to edu- 
cate. • 

Lenoir College, Hickory, North Carolina, Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, 
president, is located in one of the most beautiful parts of Hickory, a 
thriving little city in Western North Carolina. This school is enjoy- 
ing a good degree of prosperity. Much earnest and efficient work is 
done in this school, and it is worthy of the favorable consideration 
and liberal patronage of our Synod. Most of our theological students 
attend this institution, and are faithfully instructed in theology. 

Cherryville Academy, Cherryville, North Carolina, a school of com- 
mendable grade, was founded by its principal, Rev. Prof. J. J. George, 
in the year 1894, and is receiving an encouraging patronage, and well 
merits the encouragement and patronage of that community. 

Gaston Female College, Dallas, North Carolina, Rev. Prof. S. S. 
Rahn, president, is in a prosperous condition, and is worthy of the 
attention of those who have daughters to educate. 

Holly Grove Academy, Ilex, North Carolina, Rev. Prof. A. R. 
Beck, principal, is enjoying a good patronage, and deserves the fa- 
vorable attention of that community. 

Ridge Academy was founded by Revs. J. A. Rudisill and J. C. Wes- 
singer, in the year 1894, and is receiving an encouraging support. 
This school is well conducted by these young brethren, and should 
receive the liberal patronage of that community. 

We understand that Concordia congregation, Conover, North Caro- 
lina, and Sharon congregation, Iredell county, North Carolina, have 
established parochial schools. 

There is also a parochial school in St. L/uke's congregation, Mon- 
roe, North Carolina, under the pastoral care of Rev. J. F. Moser. 

We commend the spirit of these congregations in establishing such 
schools to the congregations of the Tennessee Synod. 

Respectfully submitted, D. J. SFTTlvEMYRE, 
G. E. LONG, 
R. L. FRITZ. 

The Report of Committee on Unfinished Business was read 
and considered by items. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 23 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

We, your committee, beg leave to report the following : 

1. On page 10 of last Minutes, we find a committee, consisting of 
Revs. J. S. Koiner and J. I. Miller, was continued with instructions to 
formulate a plan for church extension, and report at this meeting of 
Synod. Is this committee ready to report ? 

2. On page 15, we find a resolution, making it the duty of a com- 
mittee, consisting of Revs. J. C. Moser, R. A. Yoder, and J. P. Miller, 
to visit the petitioners of St. John's congregation, Catawba county, 
North Carolina, to investigate and give such advice as they deem 
proper in their difficulty. Has this been complied with ? 

3. On page 40, Revs. W. P. Cline, J. P. Stirewalt, and J. G. Schaid 
were appointed a committee to formulate and report at this meeting 
of "Synod a plan relative to the support of the aged and infirm minis- 
ters. Is this committee ready to report ? 

4. On page 42, we find that a committee, consisting of Revs. P. C. 
Wike, J. A. Rudisill, and J. A. Cromer, was appointed to confer with 
the Board of Trustees of Lenoir College, Hickory, North Carolina, and 
make diligent and careful investigation of its financial condition, the 
property it possesses, its management, and moral and doctrinal basis 
upon which it has been founded, and report the same at this meeting 
of Synod. Has this committee done its work ? 

5. On page 43, Revs. R. A. Yoder, A. L,. Crouse, and P. C. Wike 
were appointed a committee to have the sermon on Missions, preached 
by Rev. J. C. Moser at the last meeting of Synod, published for sale. 
Has this been complied with? J. A. RUDISILL, 

A. R. BECK, 
< W. P. CARPENTER. 

Item 1. No report. The name of Rev. J. N. Stirewalt 
was substituted for that of Rev. J. I. Miller, and the com- 
mittee continued. 

Item 2. Duty done. Committee discharged. 

Item 3. Complied with, and the following regulations read 
and adopted : 

RULES FOR THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE FUND FOR 
THE RELIEF OF AGED AND DISABLED PASTORS. 

1. All contributions to this fund shall be paid to the Treasurer of 
Synod, who shall report, account for them, and pay them out as he 
does other funds of Synod. 



24 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

2. Pastors failing to contribute shall be reported to Synod by the 
Treasurer, and shall state their reason for so doing publicly to Syn- 
od, and if Synod deem their excuse valid, they may be excused for 
that time. 

3. The Synod's Mission Board shall be administrator of this Fund. 

4. Applications for aid shall be made to this Board ; they shall in- 
vestigate the same, and afford such relief as they think proper, not 
exceeding two hundred ($200) dollars per annum to any one person. 

The following members were excused from further attend- 
ance upon this meeting : A. P. Rhyne, A. Costner, M. L. 
Cline, Wm. Plonk, and C. F. Conrad. 

Consideration of Report of Committee on Unfinished Bus- 
iness was continued. 

Item 4. Answered by following report : 

We, your committee appointed at the last convention of this body 
to confer with the trustees of L,enoir College with a view of bringing 
it into closer relation with our Synod, submit the following : We vis- 
ited said College with a view to discharge the enjoined duty. But as 
no overtures were made to us by the trustees we conferred with, on 
account of the disturbed condition of our church in that part of North 
Carolina, we deemed it unnecessary to take further steps at this time 
to carry out the wishes of Synod. We recommend that a similar 
committee be appointed to discharge said duty as enjoined in resolu- 
tions 1, 2, and 3, on page 42 of Minutes of 1893 ; and submit their re- 
port to the next convention of this body. 

Submitted, P. C. WIKE, 

J. A. RUDISILJ,, 
J. A. CROMER. 

This same committee was continued to report further at 
next convention of Synod. 

Item 5. Not complied with. Committee discharged. 
The report was adopted as a whole. 
The following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the President call a colloquium of the ministry of 
the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, at some suitable place in 
North Carolina, on Thursday before the time of meeting of next con- 
vention of Synod, to consider the declaration on the doctrine of Elec- 
tion, to be reported by the committee appointed by this Synod. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 



The following resolution, offered by Rev. W. L,. Darr, was 
adopted : 

Whereas, God in the infinitude of his mercy granted perpetuity, 
integrity, and identity to the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod 
through these long years, fraught with many conflicts and trials in 
her struggle for the truth as it is in Christ Jesus ; and 

Whereas, Next year (1895) the* protecting wing of our loving 
Father overshadowing her, will chronicle the seventy-fifth anniver- 
sary of her existence ; and 

Whereas, The great Head of the Church should have rendered 
unto His holy name due homage, praise, and adoration for all His 
mercies and benefits, and that we should be encouraged in our tenac- 
ity to and efforts for the preservation of the Cross and Reformation ; 
therefore, be it 

Resolved i. That this Synod celebrate, with appropriate exercises, 
the seventy-fifth anniversary of her organization, on the afternoon of 
« the Lord's Day embraced by her next annual convention. 

2. That to this end there be three of her members appointed, with 
three alternates, to speak of her labors and successes, her conflicts 
and triumphs, her heroes, etc., during each successive quarter cen- 
tury of her history. 

3. That Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., (with Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, alternate,) 
present the first quarter ; Hon. H. A. Meetze (Rev. E. L- Lybrand, 
alternate) second quarter; Rev. J. C. Moser (Rev. A. L. Crouse, alter- 
nate) third quarter. 

Rev. L. K. Probst, Secretary of the Board of Missions of 
the United Synod, was received as an advisory member. 

Synod adjourned. Prayer and benediction by the Presi- 
dent. 



SEVENTH SESSION. 



Wednesday, 9 o'clock, A. M. 

Synod was opened with religious services conducted by 
Rev. W. L,. Darr. 

The minutes of yesterday's sessions were read, corrected, 
and adopted. 



26 MINUTES OF EV ANGELICAS LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The following members were excused from further attend- 
ance during this convention : Rev. D. J. Settlemyre, Rev. A. 
R. Beck, and W. P. Carpenter. 

In reference to co-operation with the United Synod in its 
mission work the same resolution was adopted this year as 
last. It reads as follows : 

WHEREAS, Under the present condition of things, we cannot con- 
sistently, as a Synod, take any special action in regard to the mission 
work, foreign or home, under the care of the United Synod, we trust 
the different ministers and congregations will pursue such a course 
relative to this important matter, as they may deem proper. 

The following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That we hereafter have a standing committee on excuses. 
This committee was immediately appointed, and consists of the fol- 
lowing : Revs. P. C. Wike, W. P. Cline, and Wm. L,. Darr. 

A verbal report was heard from our missionary in Ala- 1 
bama, Rev. D. A. Sox. For want of sufficient support Rev. 
Sox resigned as Synod's missionary. His resignation was 
accepted. The Treasurer was ordered to pay Rev. D. A. 
Sox $150, balance due on salary for the synodical year end- 
ing September, 1893. This amount is to be paid first of all 
Synod's dues, after which all back obligations of Synod are 
to be paid pro rata as the funds are secured. 

Synod adjourned for divine service. Rev. J. C. Moser 
preached the ordination sermon, immediately after which 
Prof. R. L- Fritz and S. S. Keisler were ordained to the office 
of the holy ministry. 



EIGHTH SESSION. 



Synod met, house called to order by the President. 

The following were appointed a committee to nominate 
delegates to the next convention of the United Synod : Rev. 
W. P. Cline, Rev. J. A. Cromer, and Elon O. Henkel. 

The following delegates were nominated and elected : 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 

VIRGINIA. 

PRINCIPALS. Ministerial. ALTERNATES. 

Dr. S. Henkel J. P. Stirewalt, 

P. C. Wike R. H. Cline. 

PRINCIPALS. Lay. ALTERNATES. 

Ambrose L. Henkel Elon O. Henkel, 

Aaron Shutters . . " J. D. Printz. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

PRINCIPALS. Ministerial. ALTERNATES. 

J. C. Moser . . . . ' W. P. Cline, 

J. A. Rudisill D. I. Offman, 

J. M. Smith A. L. Crouse, 

J. J. George D. J. Settlemyre. 

PRINCIPALS. Lay. ALTERNATES. 

C. J. Deal W. A. Beck, 

G. W. Rabb J. A. Mauney, 

A. P. Rhyne S. W. Probst. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

principals. Ministerial. ALTERNATES. 

E. L. Lybrand J. A. Cromer, 

W. L. Darr S. L. Nease. 

PRINCIPALS. Lay. ALTERNATES. 

C. M. Efird D. F. Efird, 

D. C. Boland Dr. J. W. Eargle. 

The following were appointed a committee to name sub- 
jects and nominate speakers for special sermons at next con- 
vention of Synod : Revs. R. A. Yoder, J. G. Schaid, and J. 
A. Rudisill. 

The following nominations were made by the committee 
and approved by Synod : 

Ordination Sermon. — Revs. S. Henkel, D. D., J. G. Schaid. 

Missions. — Revs. J. Paul Stirewalt, S. L,. Nease. 

Lord's Supper.— Revs. W. L- Darr, P. C. Wike. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

We, your Committee on the State of the Church, submit the follow- 
ing : Owing to the failure of the councils of a large majority of the 



28 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

congregations of the Synod to furnish your committee data for a sat- 
isfactory report, we offer the following : 

I. SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Our brethren in South Carolina, as far as reports indicate, are in 
peace and a commendable state of progress. They are engaged in 
local mission work. With no vacant congregations, the Gospel is 
preached and the sacraments regularly administered to all our con- 
gregations in said State. Instruction of the young in Sunday-schools 
and in the catechetical class is carried on with zeal and encouraging 
progress. The attendance on the regular services is not as full as it 
should be. The spirit of Christian education is growing. 

II. NORTH CAROLINA. 

Your committee has information from but four congregations in 
North Carolina. These are in Davidson, Randolph, and Guilford 
counties. These are pleased with their pastors and seem to be pro- 
gressing in spiritual matters. One of them, Melanchthon, has recently 
built a parsonage at an expense of $600.00. From other sources than 
through the councils we learn that many of our congregations in 
North Carolina are in a disturbed condition. This is much deplored. 
But notwithstanding the discouraging state of things, our Conference 
in North Carolina seems to be doing a good work in supporting the 
several missions, in instructing the young, and making provision for 
vacant congregations in her bounds. The schools under the manage- 
ment of our pastors in North Carolina are flourishing, notwithstand- 
ing the stringent condition of finances. Let us devoutly implore our 
God to overrule all disturbance to the glory of his most holy name. 

III. VIRGINIA. 

In Virginia, our church is in a prosperous condition. At this time 
there are several vacant congregations in our conference, but hope for 
more pastors soon to fill the vacancies. We need more laborers. The 
pastors of the Virginia Conference labor in peace and harmony. The 
young are regularly instructed in the doctrines of our church. The 
attendance upon divine services is good, but could be much better. 
Indifference will exist in some. The mission work in Virginia is do- 
ing fairly well. The borders are being extended as rapidly as possible. 
Part of mission work is now vacant. Mission work is carried on in 
three counties, and services held at five stations. At three of these 
places congregations are organized. At two of them, churches are 
being built, and will likely be completed during the ensuing synodical 
year. Many of our people are growing in liberality in the support of 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 29 

missions. The Virginia Conference is pledged for $750.00 for the sup- 
port of her local mission work for the present conferential year. 

Submitted, 

P. C. WIKE, 
W. P. CIvINK. 

The following resolution of thanks was adopted : 

Resolved, That we recognize our obligation to the members and 
friends of St. John's congregation for their kindness and hospitality 
during our sojourn with them, and would return our sincere thanks 
for the same. 

The following appropriations to beneficiary students were 
made: Benjamin F. Pence, $80; J. L, Cromer, $30; E. J. 
Sox, $50; Geo. A. Riser, $60. 

Relative to Synod's theological work for the next year, the 
following was adopted : 

Resolved, That the theological work under control of the Tennessee 
Synod now being done at Lenoir College, Hickory, N. C, be discon- 
tinued until further action of Synod. 

Rev. J. C. Moser was requested to furnish a copy of his 
Ordination Sermon, delivered at this convention of Synod, 
to Our Church Paper for publication. 

Synod adjourned to meet at the time appointed and the 
place which shall hereafter be designated by the officers. 

Religious services conducted by the President, using the 
service for closing Synod laid down in the new edition of 
the Church Book. 

J. P. MIIXER, Secretary. 



}0 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 



— Devotional exercises by the President. 

—Call of Clerical Roll. 

— Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 

— Reading of President's Report. 

— Election of Officers. 

— Reception of Advisory Members. 

— Reception of Letters and Petitions. 

— Appointment of Standing Committees. 

— Devotion. 

OTHER DAYS. 

— Devotion. 

—Calling of Roll. 

— Reading and Correction of Minutes. 

— Unfinished Business. 

— Reports of Standing Committees. 

— Report of Special Committees. 

— Resolutions. 

— New Business. 

— Devotion. . 



LIST OF CHURCHES IN CONNECTION WITH THE EVAN- 
GELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ARKANSAS. 

Hot Springs County.— St. Paul's. 

ALABAMA. 

Cleburne County. — St. Michael, Emmanuel. 
Calhoun County. — Zion. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Lexington County.— Zion, St. Peter (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James,. Immanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethle- 
hem, St. Thomas, Mt. Horeb, Holy Trinity, Mt. Tabor, St. John. 

Richland County. — St. Andrew. 

Newberry County. — Holy Trinity. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Alamance County. — Mt. Pleasant. 

Alexander County. — Friendship, Salem, Shiloh, St. Paul. 

Burke County. — Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 3 1 

Caldwell County.— Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Trinity. 

Cabarrus County.— St. Martin, Mt. Gilead. 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. 
Paul, St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, 
Bethel, St. Timothy, Mt. Olive, St. Andrew. 

Cleveland County. — St. Matthew. 

Davidson County. — Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem , 
Holly Grove. 

Gaston County.— St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. 

Guilford County.— Coble. 

IREDELL County. — Sharon, St. Martin, St. John's. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinity, Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon, Cedar Grove, and David's Chapel. 

Mecklenburg County.— Morning Star. 

Randolph County.— Melanchthon. 

Rowan County. — Mt. Moriah, St. Mark, Phanuel. 

Stanley County. — St. Martin, Zion. 

Union County. —Emmanuel, St. Luke. 

Watauga County. — Valle Crusis, Mt. Pleasant. 
VIRGINIA. 

Augusta County.— St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. — Bethany (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, Trin- 
ity, St. Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel, St. Paul. 

Prince William County. — Bethel. 

Page County.— St. Paul, St. Luke (Alma), Grace, Mt. Calvary, 
Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. Mary 
(Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, St. 
Stephen, St. David, Mt. Calvary, Morning Star. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 

Culpeper County. — Trinity. 

Total, 116. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved i. That each of our pastors is required to present to his 
people the educational and missionary work of Synod, to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, to take up in each of his congre- 
gations collections for the general work of the Church, and to report 
at each regular convention of our Synod ; and that in the case of pas- 
tors failing to do this, inquiry shall be made, and unless satisfactory 



32 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

reasons be rendered, such pastor, after the first and second admoni- 
tion, may be subject to the censure of this Synod. 

Resolved 2. That the Council of each congregation be requested to 
send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechis- 
ing those who propose to become members of our communion, pre- 
vious to their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, 
and rather a loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the 
Church, without the slightest examination of them in regard to their 
religious knowledge and other qualifications for church membership, 
has been practiced by some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved 3. That we earnestly recommend all our ministers and 
congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all 
who make application for church membership be thoroughly instruct- 
ed, by Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, previous 
to their confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as when 
persons of age and experience make application, or such young per- 
sons as have been so favorably situated as to have had opportunities 
to become acquainted with and to have informed themselves of our 
doctrines and customs, seek church privileges, we recommend that 
their request be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have 
been examined by the pastor, before the council, and have been ap- 
proved by them. 

Resolved 4. That the ministers of our connection be requested to 
endeavor to get up and encourage Sunday-schools in all of their con- 
gregations and report their success to the Committee on the State of 
the Church, some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 5. That the Committee on the State of the Church be re- 
quired to make every reasonable effort, during the synodical year, to 
ascertain the condition of all the congregations in our connection, and 
report the same to the annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 6. That it be the duty of the President, with the consent 
of the pastor elect and congregation, to appoint a committee of instal- 
lation, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in our Syn- 
od, to perform this ceremony. 

Resolved 7. That no minister be excused who does not sufficiently 
respect Synod as to send directly t<# it the reasons for his absence. 

Resolved 8. That we hereby establish a Synodical Fund, to be raised 
by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which all 
contingent expenses of Synod are to be met. 

Resolved 9. That hereafter the expenses of corresponding delegates 
to sister Synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 



MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 33 



Resolved 10. That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our min- 
isters to ask their congregations to defray their expenses in attending 
the meetings of our Synod. 

Resolved 11. That the ministers connected with this Synod, when 
absent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending 
in their reports to Synod. 

Resolved 12. That the Mission Work of this Synod be transferred to 
the several Conferences. 

Resolved /j. That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestly and 
actively in this work under such regulations as may to them seem 
best. 

Resolved 14. That the chairmen of the Executive Committee of 
Missions in our Conferences be, and are hereby, required to report 
annually to Synod a full, written report of the Missionary work of 
their bodies during the year. 

Resolved 15. That the reports of the Conferences in regard to Mis- 
sion Work, be referred to the Board of Missions. 

Resolved 16. That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in 
their power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, 
lecturing, and catechisation, with a view sooner or later of getting 
men of their own color to look after the spiritual interests of their 
race in connection with the Lutheran church. 

Whereas, It is meet and right that the dignity, sacredness, and 
solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and 
in order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved 17. That Synod recommend, that all applicants for ex- 
amination and ordination, and for whom there are petitions to Synod 
from a congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination 
and ordination, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services 
on the part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some 
session of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and, 
if found qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further 

Resolved 18. That it is the sentiment of this Synod, that this rec- 
ommendation should be acquiesced in, in all possible cases, as the or- 
der of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved ig. That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, 
consulting with the pastor loci, to arrange for the Sunday-school serv- 
ices, to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, by 
appointing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting subjects, 
and informing the speakers of their selection at least two months pre- 
vious to each meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 20. That the President and Secretary of this Synod be 
hereafter the Standing Board of Missions. 



PAROCHIAL REPORT. 



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INDEX. 

PAGE. 

Aged and Infirni Ministers, Regulations relative to 23-24 

Alabama Mission, Disposition of 26 

Anniversary of Tennessee S}mod, Celebration of the 75th ... 25 

Beneficiaries 5 

Beneficiary Appropriations '29 

Candidates for the Ministry . 4 

Church Institutions, Report of Committee on 21-22 

Churches, List of 30-31 

Colloquium of Ministers 24 

Committees Appointed 9 

Election, Resolution Concerning the Doctrine of 19 

Examining Committee, Report of 21 

Excuses, Standing Committee on 26 

Lay Delegates 5 

Lenoir College, Report of Committee on 24 

Letters and Petitions, Report of Committee on 15-18 

Ministerial Roll 3-4 

Mission Board 2 

Order of Business 30 

Ordinations 26 

Officers of S3'nod, Election of S 

Officers of Synod 2 

Parochial Reports 34 

Place of Next Convention ... 20 

President's Report 6-8 

President's Report, Report of Committee on 9-10 

Special Sermons for Next Convention 27 

Standing Committees 2 

Standing Resolutions 3 I_ 33 

State of Church, Report of Committee on 27-29 

Synodical Apportionment, Report of Committee on 20-21 

Synodical Year, Resolution fixing 15 

Thanks, Resolution of • 29 

Theological Work, Disposition of . . 29 

Time of Next Convention 2 

Treasurer's Report 11-14 

Treasurer's Report, Note of Explanation of 15 

Treasurer's Report, Report of Committee on 21 

Unfinished Business, Report of Committee on 23 

United Synod, Co-operation in Mission with the ■ 26 

United Synod, Delegates to next Convention of the 27 

United Synod, Action relative to Withdrawal from the .... 20 



MINUTES 



OF THE 



SEVENTY-SIXTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



OF THE 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



TENNESSEE SYNOD, 



HEIvD IN 



ST. MATTHEW'S CHURCH, 



NEAR TOM'S BROOK, VIRGINIA, 



AUGUST 22, 23, 24, 25, 1896. 



HENKEL & CO.'S STEAM PRINTING HOUSE, 

OFFICE OF OUR CHURCH PAPER, SHENANDOAH VALLEY, &C. 

NEW MARKET, SHENANDOAH CO. , VIRGINIA. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President— Rev. JOHN N. STIREWAIyT . . Luray, Va. 
Recording Secretary— Rev.JNO. J. GEORGE, Cherryvi^ee, N. C. 
Corresponding Secretary — Rev. A. R. BECK, Rightweei*, S. C. 
Treasurer— Rev . R. A. YODER Hickory, N. C. 



MISSION BOARD. 



Revs. JOHN N. STIREWAI/T and JOHN J. GEORGE. 



-♦- ■»♦► » 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON STATE OF THE CHURCH: 
Revs. A. R. BECK, J. C. MOSER, and P. C. WIKE. 

ON EXAMINA TION : 

REVS. J. C. MOSER, J. R. PETERSON, J. A. CROMER, E. L. 

LYBRAND, I. CONDER, J. P.STIREWALT. 



TIME AND PLACE OF NEXT MEETING. 



The next convention will be held with Mt. Tabor congregation, 
New Brookland, S. C, beginning at 10 o'clock a. m., Thanksgiving 
day, 1897. 



IMZIZNTTTIES 

OF THE 

SEVENTY-SIXTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANG. LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



• ♦ » 



St. Matthew's Church, 

Nkar Tom's Brook, Va., 
Saturday, io A. M., Aug. 22, 1896. 
According to previous adjournment, the seventy-sixth con- 
vention of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met 
with St. Matthew's church, Tom's Brook, Va., at 10 o'clock 
a. m., August 22, 1896. 

The opening sermon was preached by Rev. P. C. Wike, 
pastor loci and retiring president. Text, Gen. 28, 17. 

MINISTERIAL ROLL. 

Rev. J. R. Peterson Dallas, N. C. 

" T. Moser* Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

" S. Henkel, D. D.* New Market, Va. 

" C. H. Bernheimt Lexington, N. C. 

" J. M. Smith t Conover, N. C. 

" Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D.f ...... . King's Mountain, N. C. 

" I. Conder Tom's Brook, Va. 

" J. N. Stirewalt Luray,,Va. 

" A. L. Crouse Hickory, N. C. 

" J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

" Prof. J. C. Moser, D. D Hickory, N. C. 

" S. S. Rahn, Ph. D Monroe, N. C. 

" J. A. Cromer New Brookland, S. C. 

" E. L. Lybrand* New Brookland, S. C. 

" Prof. R. A. Yoder Hickory, N. C. 

* Absent and excused. \ Absent — no action. 



4 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner Luray, Va. 

" D. A. Soxt Tallapoosa, Ga. 

" D. A. Goodman Connelly Springs, N. C. 

" J. W. Hausenfluck Rockingham, Va. 

" Prof. W. P. Cline Hickory, N. C. 

" D. J. Settleniyre* . . Beecham, Ala. 

" J. K. Efird Manassas, Va. 

" Prof. R. H. Cline Shenandoah, Va. 

" P. C. Wike Chicago, 111. 

" D. C. Huffman t Hickory, N. C. 

" J. P. Price* Concord, N. C. 

" J. F. Moser Mt. Holly, N. C. 

" W. L. Darr Statesville, N. C. 

" D. I. Offman Melanchthon, N. C. 

" J. P. Miller China Grove, N. C. 

" Jacob Wike Chapin, S. C. 

" A. R. Beck Rightwell, S. C. 

" A. L. Boliek Headquarters, Va. 

" G. E.Long f Taylorsville, N. C. 

" J. C. Wessinger* Henry, N. C. 

" J.J. George Cherryville, N. C. 

" Prof. R. L. Fritz* Hickory, N. C. 

" S. S. Keislerf Ops, Arkansas. 

" W. H. Roof* Summit, S. C. 

" J. L. Cromer Hickory, N. C. 

" E.J.Sox Summit, S. C. 

" J. L. Deaton Brookside, N. C. 

CANDIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

Francis K. Roof Columbia, S. C. 

H. Julian Mathias Lexington, S. C. 

J. Allen Arndt Chicago, 111. 

Cephas K. Lippard . Chicago, 111. 

George A. Riser Newberry, S. C. 

M . Luther Pence . Cootes's Store, Va. 

J. T. Craps Lewiedale, S. C. 

W. J. Boger Flow's, N. C. 

John C. Deitz Hickory, N. C. 

♦Absent and excused, t Absent— no action. 



MINUTES 0E EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

BENEFICIARIES. 

John F. Hall Mt. Jackson, Va. 

Parker Conrad Ilex, N. C. 

Luther Fritz Ilex, N. C. 

George A. Riser, Newberry, S. C. 

M. Luther Pence Hickory, N. C. 

LAY-DELEGATES ENROLLED. 

John M. Arndt— Shiloh, N. C. 

John Eargle — St. Andrew's, St. Peter's, Zion, Emmanuel, Grace, 
S. C. 

C. A. Little— Mt. Zion, N. C, 
George W. Rabb— St. James, N. C. 

D. H. Russell— Zion, Holy Trinity, N. C. 
William Bell— Lutheran Chapel, N. C. 

A. P. Rhine— Mt. Holly, N. C. 

C. K. Lippard— St. John's, St. Martin's, N. C 
Jacob G. Feller— St. Paul's, Va. 

D. H. Bowman — Rader's, Va. 
W. J. Tussing— St. Paul's, Va. 
John D. Printz— Mt. Calvary, Va. 
Paul Miller — Morning Star, Va. 
Elon O. Henkel — Emmanuel, Va, 
George Lohr — Mt. Zion, Va. 
Samuel Pence — St. Mary's, Va. 
Jacob L. Hepner — Powder Springs, Va. 
Thomas Rinker— St. Paul's, Va. 

John W. Bower — Zion's, Va. 
John W. Peer— St. Matthew's, Va. 
Robert C. Baker— St. Stephen's, Va. 
J. P. Coverstone — St. David's, Va. 
D. H. Sheets— Mt. Calvary, Va. 
John H. Mooma — Morning Star, Va. 
Ashby Hoffman — St. Luke's, Va. 
William Helsey — St. Jacob's, Va. 
Henry Wittig— Bethel, Va. 

The President, Rev. P. C. Wike, read his annual report 
to Synod. 



6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

Dear Brethren : Through the kind providence of God we are 
assembled to perform the duties of the seventy-sixth convention of 
the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. The closing synodical 
year, with its successes and reverses, has passed into history. Its 
records are written in the book of God's everlasting remembrance. 
Now, in the opening of this convention and during its sessions, as we 
recount the past and deliberate for the welfare of Zion in the future, 
let us not forget the debt of gratitude we owe to God for his number- 
less blessings both physical and spiritual. Let us remember and act 
upon the principle that " in unity there is strength." Let us labor 
to realize the truth of the Psalmist's words, " How good and how 
pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity." With earnest- 
ness of soul let us implore the guidance of the Holy Spirit in all our 
deliberations here and in all our labors and teachings in the future. 

The long-suffering of God is manifest in preserving our ministerial 
ranks unbroken by death during the past synodical year. For such 
preservation, dear brethren, let us thank God and take courage, and 
serve him more faithfully while it is called today, for by and by the 
night cometh. May his goodness lead and encourage us to greater 
diligence and faithfulness to the glory of his blessed name and the 
coming of his kingdom. 

Following is a brief statement of my official acts during the past 
year, with other matters of interest to Synod. 

On April 30, 1896, I gave Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder an order on the 
Treasurer of Synod for the amount appropriated to him by Synod for 
theological instructions. 

RESIGNATIONS. 

On January 16, 1896, Rev. J. L. Cromer informed me that he had 
resigned Shiloh, Sardis, and Philadelphia congregations in North 
Carolina. 

On April 24, Rev. R. A. Yoder informed me that he had resigned 
St. James' in Catawba county, N. C, which took effect Jan. 1, 1896. 

CALi^s ACCEPTED. 

On January 16, Rev. J. L- Cromer notified me that he accepted a call 
to St. James' congregation, Catawba county, N. C. 

On April 24, Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder informed me that he accepted 
a call to become pastor of St. Andrew's congregation, Hickory, N. C 

Early in 1896, Rev. Jacob Wike informed me that he accepted a call 
to St. Jacob's pastorate in Lexington county, S. C. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

On May 26, Rev. W. L. Darr notified me that he accepted a call to, 
and on April 27 took charge of, the Statesville pastorate, composed of 
St. Martin's, St. John's, and Mt. Herrnon. The latter congregation 
he organized on the fourth Sunday of July with thirty-eight members- 
Early in the spring, Rev. J. L. Deaton notified me that under the 
auspices of the North Carolina Conference of the Evangelical Luther- 
an Tennessee Synod, he had accepted a call to and taken charge of 
the mission work in Watauga county, N. C. 

Rev. R. H. Cline informed, me that he accepted a call to McGaheys- 
ville, Va. 

INSTALLATIONS. 

By my request, Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder installed Rev. J. L. Cromer 
as pastor of St. James and St. Timothy congregations, Catawba county, 
N. C, on the fourth Sunday in April, 1896. 

By order of the President, on the fifth Sunday in May, Rev. Prof. 
W. P. Cline duly installed Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder as pastor of St. 
Andrew's, Hickory, N. C. 

On the second Sunday of August, 1896, Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder duly 
installed Rev. W. L. Darr as pastor of the Statesville charge in Iredell 
county, N. C. 

During the year I have received the class standing of the following 
beneficiaries : George A. Riser, Newberry College, S. C; M. L. Pence 
and Rev. E.J. Sox, Lenoir College, Hickory, N. C. It affords me 
pleasure to report to Synod that these young men have made very 
commendable progress. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

Concluding, (1) I recommend that $100 be appropriated for the 
benefit of beneficiary M. L. Pence, during the ensuing synodical year. 

(2) Also I recommend that St. Luke's E. L. congregation, Cleve- 
land county, N. C, be admitted into Synod and placed on the roll of 
congregations. 

(3) I recommend that Rev. J. L. Deaton, who was once transferred 
by this body to the Synod of the Northwest, be received upon his ap- 
plication from said synod. 

Praying the great Head of the Church to overrule all our delibera- 
tions for the best, to knit us together even more closely in fraternal 
walk, and grant us that peace which passeth all understanding, I re- 
turn to you the trust committed to my care. 

Respectfully submitted, P. C. WIKE, 

President E. L. Tennessee Synod. 



b MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, I.OTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

Officers of Synod elected for ensuing year : 

Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, President. 
Rev. John J. George, Recording Secretary. 
Rev. A. R. Beck, Corresponding Secretary. 
Rev. R. A. Yoder, Treasurer. 

The newly elected President took the chair, made some 
appropriate remarks, and appointed Revs. P. C. Wike and 
J. F. Moser as a committee on classification of papers. 

Synod adjourned. Prayer and benediction by the Presi- 
dent. 



SECOND SESSION. 



Saturday, 2.30 P. M. 
Synod met. President called convention to order. Sec- 
retary called the roll. 

The President announced the following 

STANDING COMMITTEES. 

On Church Institutions. — Revs. J. F. Moser, Jacob Wike, 
and A. L. Boliek. 

On Treasurer's Report. — Revs. C. K. Lippard, D. A. 
Goodman, and Mr. Elon O. Henkel. 

On Excuses. — Revs. J. K. Efird and R. H. Cline. 

On Apportionment. — Revs. J. A. Cromer, R. A. Yoder, 
and I. Conder. 

On President's Report. — Revs. R. A. Yoder, R. H. Cline, 
and J. P. Miller. 

On State of the Church. — Revs. A. R. Beck, J. C. Moser, 
and P. C. Wike. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

On Examination. — Revs. J. C. Moser, J. R. Peterson, J. 
A. Cromer, E. L,. L,y brand, I. Conder, and J. P. Stirewalt. 

On Letters and Petitions. — Revs. J. S. Koiner, W. P. 
Cline, and J. W. Hausenfluck. 

0?i Unfinished Business. — Revs. J. P. Stirewalt, J. K. 
Kfird, and W. I,. Darr. 

On motion, Rev. J. L. Deaton was received into Synod, 
and his name ordered to be placed on the clerical roll. 

Calendar adopted for this convention of Synod : Business 
session from 9 o'clock to 11 a. m. Sermon at 11. Recess 
to 1.30. Business session from 1.36 till adjournment ; hour 
for adjournment not fixed. 

Rev. R. A. Yoder, Treasurer of Synod, read his report 
of the moneys received into his hands and the disbursements 
made by him during the past year. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

R. A. YODER, Treasurer, 

In Account with the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

1895. Dr. 

Sept. 28. To amt., on hand and reported at last meeting of 

Synod $139 79 

Sept. 28. To amt. from Lutheran Chapel, Gaston Co., N. C. 5 00 

Sept. 30. To amt. from Rev. J. C. Wessinger's charge : Trin- 
ity* $9-5°; Bethphage, 5.25; Cedar Grove, 2.05; 
David's Chapel, 1.25 18 05 

Sept. 30. To amt. from Rev. W. L. Darr, Ministers' Fund . 3 25 

Sept. 30. To amt. from St. Peter's ch., Catawba Co., N. C, 

Minutes 40 

Sept. 30. To amt. from Rev. J. P. Price's charge : St. Mar- 
tin's, Cabarrus Co., N. C. , $10.00 ; Mt. Gilead, 3.85 13 85 

Sept. 30. To amt. from St. John's, Cataw. Co., N. C. , Minutes 2 50 

Oct. 1. To amt. from Rev. S. L. Nease's charge : Holy 
Trinity, Little Mountain, S. C, $10.00; St. John's, 
Lexington Co., S. C, 15.00; St. Peter's, Lexing- 
ton Co., S. C, 20.00 45 00 



IO MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Oct. 



Oct. 


2. 


Oct. 


2. 


Oct. 


2. 


Oct. 


2. 


Oct. 


2. 


Oct. 


2 


Oct. 


6. 


Oct. 


8. 


Oct. 


8, 


Oct. 


8. 


Oct. 


S, 


Nov. 


14. 



Dec. 13. 



Dec. 


22. 


1896. 




Jan. 


6. 


Feb. 


2. 


Feb. 


5- 


Mar. 


17- 


Mar. 


28. 


April 


7- 


April 


9- 


April 


20. 


April 


27. 


May 


2. 


June 


14. 


June 


30. 


June 


30- 


July 


23- 



To amt. from Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge, Lexing- 
ton Co., S. C: St. Peter's (Meetze's), $8.00 ; Mid- 
way schoolhouse, 4.00 .... 12 00 

To amt. from Rev. S. Henkel's charge, New Market 16 00 

To amt. from collection at St. Andrew's, at Synod 11 00 

To amt. from Rev. P. C. Wike's ch., Mt. Calvary 2 20 

To amt. from Rev. P. C. Wike, Ministers' Fund . 4 00 

To amt. from Mr. J. K. Coffman, personal .... 50 

To amt. from Mr. John W. Peer, personal .... 25 
To amt. from Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge, Grace, 
Catawba Co., N. C, Minutes, $2.60; General 

Fund, 5.00 7 60 

To amt. from Rev. E. J. Sox, ordination certificate 25 

To amt. from Rev. W. H. Roof, ord. cert ... 25 

To amt. from Rev. D. A. Goodmau's ch., Trinity 7 00 

To amt. from Rev. J. C. Moser's charge, Newton 5 00 
To amt. from Daniel's ch., Lincoln Co., N. C. , per 

Rev. E. J. Sox 15 00 

To amt. from Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge : Young 
People's H. and F. M. Soc, St. Peter's (Meetze's), 

$3.00; Emmanuel's, 17.46; St. Andrew's, 8.00 . 28 46 
To amt. from Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge, St. James, 

Catawba Co., N. C 3 66 

To amt. from Rev. S. S. Rahn's ch., Morning Star 2 10 
To amt. from Rev. J. L. Cromer's charge : Shiloh, 

$5.20; Sardis, 2.50 7 70 

To amt. from Rev. J. P. Price's charge 5 00 

To amt. from "E. L.," personal, Newton, N. C. . 1 00 
To amt. from Mrs. Rudisill, from Bethphage, Lin- 
coln Co., N. C 2 15 

To amt. from Mrs. C. A. Little, Minutes of Synod 10 

To amt. from Rev. J. C. Moser's ch., Holy Trinity 10 00 

To amt. from Rev. W. L. Darr's ch., Lex. Co., S. C. 27 41 

To amt. from Rev. J. C. Moser's charge, Zion . . 5 00 

To amt. from Rev. A. R. Beck's ch. , Dav. Co., N. C. 11 00 
To amt. from St. Paul's, Catawba Co., N. C, per 

Rev. W. P. Cline 5 00 

To amt. from Rev. J. J. George's ch. , St. John's. . 15 00 

To amt. from Rev. J. J. George's ch., Pastors' Fund 5 10 

To amt. from Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge, Salem. . 5 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



July 24. 
July 24. 

July 28. 
July 29. 

Aug. 2. 
Aug. 16. 
Aug. 16. 
Aug. 18. 
Aug. 18. 
Aug. 19. 
Aug. 20. 
Aug. 20. 
Aug. 22. 
Aug. 22. 
Aug. 22. 

Aug. 22. 

Aug. 22. 
Aug. 22. 

Aug. 24. 



1895. 




Oct. 


1. 


Oct. 


1. 


Oct. 


1. 


Oct. 


3- 


Oct. 


3- 


Oct. 


8. 


Oct. 


8. 



To auit. from Mr. J. T. Miller, personal 5 00 

To amt. from Daniel's, Lincoln Co., N. C, per M. 

L. Pence . . • 11 50 

To amt. from St. Stephen's, Cataw. Co., Minutes, 1 40 
To amt. from Rev. P. C. Wike's charge : St. Paul's, 

Shenandoah Co., Va., $5.00 ; St. Stephen's, 1.00 6 00 

To amt. from Rev. R. A. Voder's ch. , Grace, Minutes 2 50 

To amt. from Rev. R. A. Y.'s ch., Salem, Minutes 2 00 

To amt. from Rev. W. P. Cline's ch., Mt. Olive. . 5 00 

To amt. from Rev. J. P. Miller's charge 20 00 

To amt. from Rev. J. C. Moser's ch., Zion .... 8 00 

To amt. from Rev. J. C. Moser's ch., Holy Trinity 5 00 

To amt. from Rev. R. A. Yoder's ch., St. Andrew's 5 00 

To amt. from Rev. L> A. Bikle's ch., St. Mark's. . 10 00 

To amt. from Rev. J. L,. Deaton's ch., Mt. Pleasant 6 00 

To amt. from Rev. W. L,. Darr's ch., St. Martin's . 5 50 
To amt. from Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck's ch., St. 

Jacob's, Bethany 6 10 

To amt. from Rev. J. A. Cromer's ch., Zion, $10.00 ; 

Grace, 1.65 n 65 

To amt. from Rev. W. L,. Darr's Pastoral Fund . . 3 50 
To amt. from Rev. P. C. Wike's ch., St. Matthew's, 

collection at Synod 17 83 

To amt. from Rev. P. C. Wike's charge: St. Ste- 
phen's, $2.00 ; St. Matthew's, 3.50 5 50 



Bo 05 



28 20 



16 80 



Cr. 

By amt. paid Mr. Geo. A. Riser, per Rev. S. L,. 
Nease, bal. in full of appro. 1894 — vou. no. 1 . . $ 36 oo* 

By amt. paid Henkel & Co., bal. in full for print- 
ing Minutes of Synod, 1S93 — vou. no. 2 

By amt. paid Henkel & Co. , part of bill for print- 
ing Minutes 1894 — vou. no. 3 

By amt. paid Rev. Prof. A. L. Crouse, bal. in full 
for theological teaching, session '93-94 — vou. no. 4 80 00 

By amt. paid Rev. Prof. A. L. Crouse, printing 
parochial blanks, and postage on same — vou. no. 5 2 00 

By amt. paid Rev. J. L. Cromer, bal. in full of all 
appropriations — vou. no. 6 20 50 

By amt. paid Rev. E. J. Sox on app. '95 — vou. no. 7 25 00 



12 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Oct. 8. By amt. paid Mr. M. L. Pence on appro, for '95 — 

vou. no. 8 25 00 

Oct. 8. By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox, bal. in full of amt. 

appropriated for Alabama mission — vou. no. 9 . 5 00 
Dec. 11. By amt. paid freight on Minutes of Synod — vou. 

no. 10 ... . 1 07 

Dec. 20. By amt. paid exp. on Min. of Synod — vou. no. 11 2 41 
Dec. 24. By amt. paid Mr. M. L. Pence on appro, for '95 — 

vou. no. 12 25 00 

1896. 

Jan. 21. By amt. paid Prof. J. P. Miller for postage on Min- 
utes — no voucher for this amount 50 

Jan. 24. By amt. paid Rev. E. J. Sox on appro, for 1895— 

vou. no. 13 . . . 10 00 

Feb. 24. By amt. paid Mr. Geo. A. Riser on appro, for '95 — 

vou. no. 14 20 00 

April 8. By amt. paid Rev. E. J. Sox on appro, for '95 — 

vou. no. 15 5 00 

May 6. By amt. paid Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder on theological 

teaching, as per order Pres. Synod — vou. no. 16 75 00 
June 3. By amt. paid Mr. M. L,. Pence on appro, for '95 — 

vou. no. 17 . 10 00 

June 3. By amt. paid Rev. E. J. Sox, bal. in full of appro. 

for '95 — vou. no. 18 10 00 

July 31. By amt. paid Mr. M. L. Pence on appro, for '95 — 

vou. no. 19 40 00 

July 31. By amt. paid on exchange on checks, postoffice 

money orders, &c. — no voucher for this item . . 1 10 
July 31. By amt. paid Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder on theological 

teaching (see order no. 16) — vou. no. 16 ... . 75 00 

$513 53 
By balance 66 47 

#580 05 

Amt. due the fund for aged and infirm pastors ^ 35 54 

Balance available for general fund $ 30 93 

The obligations of Synod as yet unpaid are as follows : 

Rev. Prof. A. L. Crouse, % mo. theological teaching . $25 00 
Mr. Geo. A. Riser, bal. on appropriation for 1895 ... 55 00 
Henkel & Co., printing Minutes of 1894, balance . . 51 30 
Henkel & Co., printing Minutes of 1895, balance . . 67 41 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 1 3 

On motion, Mt. Hermon Evangelical Lutheran congrega- 
tion, Iredell county, N. C, was received into Synod, and its 
name ordered to be placed on the congregational roll as soon 
as a formal request shall be made from said congregation to 
the Secretary of Synod. 

Synod took the following action with reference to the lo- 
cation of the Lutheran College for Women at Charlotte, N. C. 

It is with pleasure that we have heard of the location of a college 
for women under the auspices of the Lutheran church of the South, 
at Charlotte, N. C. ; therefore, 

Resolved, That we place on record our hearty appreciation of the 
same, and encourage our people to give it their co-operation and 
moral support. 

On motion, Rev. R. A. Yoder was requested to read a 
letter from Rev. S. S. Keisler, a former beneficiary of Synod. 
The letter was read, and Rev. Yoder was continued with a 
view of collecting the debt, amounting to $406, and $73.40 . 
interest to October 1, 1895. 

At 4.35 p. m., Synod adjourned. Prayer and benedic- 
tion by Rev. J. K. Kfird. 



THIRD SESSION. 



St. Matthew's Church, 
Monday, 9 A. M., August 24. 
Religious services conducted by Rev. W. L. Darr. Synod 
called to order by the President. Roll called by the Secre- 
tary. Minutes of previous sessions read, corrected, and 
adopted. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

We, your Committee on Unfinished Business, respectfully submit 
the following report : 

1. On page 16, with reference to Pastor S. S. Keisler's withdrawal 



14 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

from this Synod. Action having been taken, we deem any recom- 
mendation unnecessary. 

2. On same page, we find the appointment of a committee, Rev. J. 
F. Moser, chairman, relative to securing and employinga missionary 
for the Synod. What has been done ? 

3. On page 18, we note that student H. A. Costner was referred to 
the Examining Committee. What did the committee do in regard 
to him ? 

4. On page 20, we find that a certain paper relative to a plan of 
church extension was deferred for consideration at this convention 
of Synod. 

5. On page 26, we find that Mr. A. Luther Fritz was referred to 
the Examining Committee. What has been done ? 

6. On page 26, we find certain persons were nominated to be elect- 
ed trustees of Lenoir College. Were they elected? 

7. On page 30, we find a resolution instructing the Treasurer to pay 
Synod's obligations pro rata, except Henkel & Co. and Rev. A. L. 
Crouse, for the year 1893, who were to be paid first. Has this been 
done ? 

8. On page 30, we find that corresponding delegates were appoint- 
ed to other Lutheran synods. Did they attend ? 

Respectfully submitted, J. P. STIREWAXT, 

J. K. EFIRD, 
WM. L. DARR. 
This report was considered by items. 

1. Action already taken. 

2. Nothing done — committee continued. 

3. Nothing done — applicant never appeared before the 
Examining Committee. 

4. Motion made to have the paper read before Synod. 
Synod ordered the report to be published in the Minutes for 
future action. 

PLAN FOR CHURCH EXTENSION.* 

We, your committee, instructed to formulate and report a plan for 
Church Extension, would submit the following : 

1. The Principle. Our principle in this branch of activity is to 
extend the pure Church of Christ and it only. The life of this Church 

* Returned to committee by order of Synod with instructions to report at next 
annual convention.— J. P. MILLER, Secretary. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

Is maintained only in the communion of true believers, among whom 
the pure Word and Sacraments of the L,ord are administered. 

2. The Objects. Our objects in this work are, to establish congre- 
gations of true believers where there are none and where the Lord 
shall open to us a door ; to aid those needing them in procuring 
church buildings ; and to aid them in establishing Christian schools, 
and cemeteries. 

3. The System. This work may be done, — (a) Through the perso- 
nal labors of the several pastors, supported by the congregations and 
church councils ; (b) By the conferences, where the parochial method 
may not be readily employed ; or, (c) The Synod may engage in this 
work, where it may not be done by the first or the second method. 

4. The Means. For attaining the objects herein set forth are need- 
ed money, lands, and other property. Every pastor or other officer 
who shall employ any means set apart for this work by the Congre- 
gation, the Conference, or the Synod, shall report such transaction 
to the body for which he acts. All moneys designed for these objects 
should be paid into the treasury of the body which shall apply them. 
All real estate obtained for these objects shall be duly secured for the 
use and possession of the church according to the law of the land. 

J. S. KOINER, 
J. N. STIREWALT, 
Committee. 

5. Complied with. Applicant received. 

6. Complied with. 

7. Complied with in part. 

8. Yes, or communicated by letter. 

The presence of Rev. L,. K. Probst was noted. He was 
invited to speak on the mission work of the United Synod 
at 1.30 p. m. 

Pending the discussion of a resolution, offered by Rev. J. 
S. Koiner, Synod adjourned for divine services. Benedic- 
tion by Rev. J. K. Efird. 



FOURTH SESSION. 



Synod reassembled at 1.30 p. m. President in the chair. 
Roll called. 



1 6 MINUTES OF EVANGELIC AE LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The presence of Revs. L,. L,. Smith, A. G. Voigt, F. V. 
N. Painter, E. L,. Wessinger, and F. Kuegele was noted. 

On motion, Synod voted to give Rev. Painter an oppor- 
tunity to present the claims of the South View Orphan Home. 

At this point Rev. L. K. Probst made his address. Fol- 
lowing the address of Rev. Probst, Rev. J. R. Peterson 
offered the following resolution , which was adopted by Synod : 

Resolved, That we hereby rescind so much of the action heretofore 
taken by this Synod as prevents the co-operation of this Synod with 
the United Synod in the work of missions, both home and foreign, 
and other benevolent work. 

The following resolution was also adopted : 

Resolved, That we have heard with pleasure the address of Rev. L. 
K. Probst on the subject of the missionary work of the United Synod 
in the South, and that we earnestly recommend this work to our 
pastors and people, and do all we can to get our people to do their 
part for this work. 

An opportunity was now given Rev. F. V. N. Painter, 
corresponding delegate of the Southwestern Virginia Synod, 
to extend the cordial greetings of said synod to this body, 
and to present the claims of the South View Orphan Home. 
By request of the President, the Secretary of the Synod ex- 
pressed gratification at the cordial relations existing between 
the Southwestern Virginia Synod and the Tennessee Synod, 
and hoped that the South View Orphan Home might find 
sympathy and support from this Synod. Relative to this 
matter, the following resolution was offered by Rev. W. P. 
Cline, and adopted by Synod : 

Resolved, That we have heard with pleasure the very excellent ad- 
dress of Prof. F. V. N. Painter in behalf of the Orphan Home of the 
United Synod, and hereby offer our hearty co-operation in behalf of 
this Home, and also will bring this important matter before our peo- 
ple and urge them to contribute liberally to the benefit of the Home 
in order to raise the amount of $210 asked from our Synod. 

Synod now resumed consideration of the resolution, offer- 
ed by Rev. Koiner during the morning session. As a sub- 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 1 7 

stitute for all before Synod, Rev. P. C. Wike offered this 
paper, which was accepted by Rev. Koiner, and adopted by 
Synod : 

Resolved, That when used with proper limitations and qualifica- 
tions we do not condemn either the phrase " in view of faith" or 
" unto faith" in explaining the doctrine of Election, guarding the 
former against Synergistic inferences and the latter against Calvin- 
istic tendencies. 
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

The papers placed in the hands of your committee are the following : 

Class I. A. Is a petition from Salem congregation, Catawba county, 
N. C, asking to be received into connection with this Synod. 

B. Is a similar petition from Ebenezer congregation, Catawba 
county, N. C. 

Both these congregations have complied with the rules of the Synod 
in regard to the reception of congregations. We recommend that 
their petitions be granted. 

Class II. A. Is a petition from Daniel's church, Lincoln county, N. 
C, asking for the examination and ordination of Candidate M. L- 
Pence to the office of pastor. 

B. Is a petition from the council of Mt. Zion congregation, Shen- 
andoah county, Va. , asking for the examination and ordination of 
Candidate C. K. Lippard to the office of pastor. 

C. Is a similar petition from the council of Emmanuel congrega- 
tion, New Market, Va. 

Class III. A. Is a petition from Cedar Grove church, Lexington 
county, S. C, asking for the next meeting of Synod to be held with 
that church. 

B. Is a petition from Mt. Tabor church, New Brookland, S. C, 
asking that the next meeting of the Synod be held with that church. 

Class IV. A. Is a letter from the Rev. J. G. Schaid, asking to be 
excused from this meeting of Synod, on the ground of great distance 
and expense ; and he also applies for a letter of dismissal from this 
Synod to the Evangelical Lutheran Synod of South Carolina. We 
recommend that both these requests be granted. 

B. Is a letter from the Rev. F. C. Oberly, asking for a letter of 
dismissal to the Chicago Synod of the General Council. We recom- 
mend that his request be granted. 

C. Is a letter from the Rev. J. I. Miller, D. D. , asking to be dis- 
missed from our Synod with a view to connecting himself with the 
Synod of Virginia. We recommend that his request be granted. 






l8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Class V. A. Is a letter from Rev. J. P. Price ; B., a letter from Rev. 
J. C. Wessinger ; C, a letter from Rev. Prof. R. L. Fritz ; D., a letter 
from Rev. W. H. Roof; E., a letter from Rev. E. L. Lybrand ; F., a 
letter from Rev. D. J. Settlemyre, and G. is a letter from Rev. T. 
Moser, each asking to be excused for absence from this meeting of 
Synod. The reasons given in each case include financial inability to 
attend, and lead us to recommend that they each and all be excused. 

Class VI. A. Is a letter from Candidate J. T. Craps, in which he 
asks for beneficiary aid. 

B. Is a letter from Candidate Geo. A. Riser. We recommend that 
his letter be read before the Synod. 

C. Is a letter from Rev. Prof. R. L. Fritz, in which he asks for the 
$50 appropriated for Beneficiary Luther Fritz last year, and also for 
$100 for the same object the ensuing year. 

D. In the same letter, Prof. Fritz recommends Mr. Parker Conrad, 
of Davidson county, N. C. , as a worthy young man who desires to 
study for the office of the ministry, and asking an appropriation of 
$100 for him. 

Class VII. Is a letter from Rev. W. K. Frick, president of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Synod of the Northwest, containing an honor- 
able dismissal of Rev. J. L. Deaton to connect himself with this Synod. 
The Synod has already taken favorable action. 

Class VIII. Is a group of letters from ministers and congregations, 
formerly but not now in fellowship with this Synod. We recom- 
mend that these papers be read before the Synod at a suitable time. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. S. KOINER, 
W. P. CLINE, 
J. W. HAUSENFLUCK, 
Committee. 
This report was considered by items. 

Class I. 
Item A. Sustained. 
Item B. Sustained. , 

Class II 

Item A. In reference to this item Synod referred this mat- 
ter to the members of the Committee on Examination in North 
Carolina, and ask them to examine Mr. M. L,. Pence, and 
if they find him qualified, ordain him to the office of pastor. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 

Item B. At this point Candidate C. K. Lippard addressed 
Synod. He asked Synod to loan him $100, that he might 
prosecute his studies at some good theological seminary. 
The following pledges were made in the order in which they 
come: Rev. J. F. Moser, $10 ; Rev. John J. George, $10; 
Rev. J. C. Moser, $20 ; John M. Arndt, $5 ; Geo. W. Rabb, 
St. James's congregation, $10; Geo. Lohr, $10; Rev. Jacob 
Wike, $5 ; Klon O. Henkel, Emmanuel's congregation, $10; 
D. H. Russell, $2.50, paid; Rev. R. H. Cline, $5; Rev. W. 
P. Cline, $5; D. H. Bowman, personal, $2.50; C. A. Lit- 
tle, $2.50; Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, $2.50 ; Rev. W. L. Darr, $5. 

In case this money is ever paid over to the Synod by Can- 
didate C. K. Lippard, it shall go into the treasury of Synod 
for benevolence. 

At 5.25 Synod adjourned. Prayer and benediction by 
Rev. J. L- Cromer. 



FIFTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, 9 A. M., Aug. 25, 1896. 
Religious services conducted by Rev. E. J. Sox. Min- 
utes read, corrected, and adopted. 

Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions resumed. 

Class III. 
Items A and B. Synod voted to hold its next annual con- 
vention with Mt. Tabor congregation, New Brookland, S. C. 
Time: 10 o'clock A. M., Thanksgiving day, 1897. 

Class I V. 
Item A. Sustained. 
Item B. Sustained. 
Item C. Sustained. 

Class V. 
Items A, B, C, D, E, F, G. Sustained. 
Revs. S. Henkel and T. Moser were also excused. 



20 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Class VI. 
Item A. No action taken. 
Item B. Sustained. 

Item C. Appropriated $100, for ensuing year. 
Item D. Appropriated $50, if Examining Committee 
finds applicant qualified. 

Class VII. 
No further action necessary. 

Class VIII. 

Sustained. Letters were read. Rev. J. F. Moser asked 
to have his vote recorded against this action. 

A letter of fraternal greetings from Rev. W. A. L,utz, cor- 
responding delegate from the North Carolina Synod, was 
read before Synod. 

The Report of Committee on Letters and Petitions was 
adopted. 

The Committee on the President's Report made their re- 
port. 
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

We, your Committee to report on President's Report, beg leave to 
submit the following : We have examined the report and find in it 
very little requiring the attention of Synod. 

1. We recommend that his recommendation of appropriating $ 100 
to the benefit of beneficiary M. L. Pence, for the next synodical year, 
be sustained. Sustained. 

2. We recommend that his recommendation to receive St. Luke's 
Evangelical Lutheran congregation, Cleveland county, N. C, into 
our Synod be sustained. Sustained. 

3. With reference to recommendation third, action has already 
been taken. Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER, 
ROBERT H. CLINE, 
J. P. MILLER. 

Synod now adjourned for divine service. Benediction by 
Rev. J. F. Moser. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 



SIXTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, P. M., 1.30 o'clock. 
Rev. Dr. Voigt addressed Synod on the work and needs 
of the Theological Seminary of the United Synod. 

On motion, a committee was appointed to draft a resolu- 
tion, stating Synod's objection to co-operation. The com- 
mittee offered the following resolution which was adopted 
by Synod : 

Resolved, That we have heard with pleasure the address of Dr. A. 
G. Voigt on the subject of the Theological Seminary of the United 
Synod of the South, and that we are in thorough sympatic and ac- 
cord with this important work, but until the action of the United 
Sjmod or Board of Trustees of the said Seminary places this insti- 
tution in perfect accord with the well known position of this Synod 
in regard to secret societies and pulpit and altar fellowship, we can- 
not give this institution our heartv support. 

J. F. MOSER, 
J. S. KOINER, 
W. P. CLINE. 

The following resolutions with reference to the work of 
the English Missouri Synod in the bounds of the Tennessee 
Synod were unanimously adopted : 

Whereas, Some pastors of the English District of the Missouri 
Synod are serving congregations in connection with the Tennessee 
Synod in North Carolina, and are controlling our school propert}' at 
Conover ; and 

WHEREAS, Those pastors refuse to connect themselves with the 
Tennessee Synod and co-operate with her ; and 

WHEREAS, When they took charge of that work, Rev. F. Kuegele, 
the recognized leader of said English District, promised that, if their 
presence proved hurtful to the unity and progress of the Tennessee 
Synod, they would vacate the field and abandon the work ; and 

Whereas, This promise has not yet been fulfilled, but to the con- 
trary those congregations have been influenced to think of dissolving 
their connection with the Tennessee Synod ; therefore 

Resolved, That we do earnestly request those pastors to comply 
with such promise and abandon that work, or connect themselves 
with the Tennessee Synod and actively affiliate with her. 



22 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Inasmuch as it appears from the Minutes of our Synod that certain 
ministers in the service of the Mission Board of the Missouri Synod 
have been and are missionating in the midst of our Synod ; and inas- 
much as the above named ministers have been devoting their chief 
efforts to proselyting instead of converting those outside of the church ; 
therefore, be it 

Resolved, I. That we request the Mission Board of the Missouri 
Synod to withdraw the above named ministers from within our ter- 
ritory. 

Resolved, 2. That our Secretary be instructed to send these resolu- 
tions to the Mission Board of the English District of the Missouri 
Synod. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON TREASURER'S REPORT. 

We, your Committee on Treasurer's Report, have examined the 
same, and find it correct. Except two items for postage, all others 
were certified by vouchers. 

C. K. LIPPARD, 

D. A. GOODMAN, 
ELON O. HENKEL. 

REPORT OF PRESIDENT OF BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF 
LENOIR COLLEGE. 

In accordance with the action of the last convention of the Ten- 
nessee Synod, it becomes my duty as president of the Board of Trus- 
tees of Lenoir College to report to this body the condition of Synod's 
institution of learning. 

The last scholastic year was a prosperous one, although the enroll- 
ment was not quite so large as that of previous years. The deport- 
ment and progress of the pupils were very creditable. The instruction 
given daily in the Bible and Catechism bears fruit in the hearts and 
lives of the pupils. 

Prof. Yoder, as theological instructor, gave lessons in Dogmatics, 
Homiletics, Pastoral Theology, and Catechetics, during the year, 
devoting to this work the time required by Synod. He had four 
pupils under his care. His work was carefully and conscientiously 
done, giving perfect satisfaction. This Synod should make arrange- 
ments for the continuance of this department. 

The debt of $6,000, on the college building, reported at last Synod, 
has been reduced to less than $4,000, a little more than $2,000 having 
been secured in money and subscriptions during the summer vacation 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 23 

by the earnest and self-denying labors of the faculty. This debt now 
constitutes the greatest hindrance to the prosperity and further de- 
velopment of the school. The friends of the Synod and of Christian 
education should at once rally to its support, and remove this in- 
cumbrance. 

The importance of Lenoir College and its intimate relation to the 
prosperity of the Synod can hardly be overestimated. Since our 
Synod began the work of higher education in Catawba county, North 
Carolina, nearly one-half of the active pastors now on the roll of the 
Tennessee Synod have been educated there. Since its establishment 
at Hickory, our school has sent forth twenty-five graduates, thirteen 
of whom are either preaching in the Tennessee Synod or preparing 
for the Lutheran ministry. 

Owing to the great demand for preachers throughout our church 
in this country and to the peculiar situation and condition of the 
Tennessee Synod, it is especially necessary that we look to our own 
resources for a supply of preachers. If our churches desire able and 
well equipped preachers, in harmony with each other and in sympa- 
thy with our people and our work, let us remember that it is a duty 
incumbent upon each congregation to aid in furnishing and equip- 
ping these men. Look out among you pious and talented young 
men, and send them to our school, that they may be fitted for the 
work of the Church. 

The maintenance of an institution of higher Christian education is 
essential to the progress and prosperity of the Synod. Synod needs 
such an institution as a bond of union and co-operation. It needs it 
as a center of interest and influence. It needs it for the training of 
its pastors, and for the education of the sons and daughters of the 
Church. 

This school, then, is a work of the highest importance to our Synod, 
of common interest to every member within our bounds. Allow me, 
therefore, to express the hope that the self-sacrificing labors of the 
few who have undertaken this work for the common good, will not 
fail to elicit a hearty response on the part of all our people. 

J. C. MOSER, 
President of Board of Trustees of Lenoir College. 

On motion, Standing Resolution No. 23 was rescinded, 
and a committee, composed of Revs. J. F. Moser, R. A. 
Yoder, and A. L,. Boliek, was appointed to arrange work 
for the next convention of Synod, said work to consist of 



24 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

sermons, papers, or addresses on education, benevolence, or 
other practical church work. The report of this committee 
is to be published in Our Church Paper at least two 
months previous to the meeting of Synod. 

DELEGATES TO OTHER SYNODS. 

Virginia Synod — J. N. Stirewalt ; alternate, A. L,. Boliek. 

Southwestern Virginia Synod — R. H. Cline ; alternate, J. 
S. Koiner. 

North Carolina Synod — W. P. Cline; alternate, W. L. 
Darr. 

South Carolina Synod — E. J. Sox ; alternate, E. L,- Ly- 
brand. 

RESOLUTION OF THANKS. 

Resolved, That we hereby tender our thanks to the members and 
friends of St. Matthew's congregation for their kindness and hospi- 
tality received during the session of this Synod. 

No action taken with reference to absentees, Revs. L,. A. 
Bikle, C. H. Bernheim, J. M. Smith, D. A. Sox, D. C. 
Huffman, G. E. Long, S. S. Keisler. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXAMINATION. 

The Committee on Examination have had an interview with Mr. 
John F. Hall, an applicant for beneficiary aid. We recommend that 
he be received under the care of this Synod as a beneficiary student, 
and that an appropriation of one hundred dollars be made in his 
favor. We further recommend that he attend school in Lenoir Col- 
lege, Hickory, N. C. J. C. MOSER, 

J. R. PETERSON, 
J. P. STIREWALT, 
J. A. CROMER. 

The recommendations of this committee were sustained by- 
Synod. ' 
REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CHURCH INSTITUTIONS. 

We, your Committee on Church Institutions, would respectfully 
submit the following : 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 
I. CHERRYVILLE ACADEMY. 

This school has been in successful operation for three years, and 
under the management of Rev. John J. George has grown to promi- 
nence and esteem in that community. The last year, we are glad to 
note, was the most successful in its history. 

II. THE PAROCHIAL SCHOOL AT MT. PLEASANT, WATAUGA CO., N. C. 

This school has just begun under the management of Mr. J. F. Deal, 
assisted by Pastor Deaton, and has so far been very successful, and is 
proving quite an aid to the missionary labors in that vicinity. 

III. GASTON COLLEGE AT DALLAS, N. C. 
This school is being conducted by Prof. S. A. Wolff, assisted by a 
competent corps of instructors, and the last year has also been a suc- 
cessful one. There are other schools in the Synod that no doubt de- 
serve our notice, but as your committee has no information concerning 
them we can make no notice of them. 

Respectfully submitted, 

J. F. MOSER, 
A. L. BOLIEK, 
JACOB WIKE. 

RESOLUTION AS TO THEOLOGICAL INSTRUCTOR. 

Resolved, That Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder be continued as theological 
professor in Lenoir College, and that we devote to the work the same 
amount of time as we did last year, and that we appropriate the same 
amount ($150) as a remuneration for his services. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

Mr. Chairman : — We, your Committee on the State of the Church, 
submit the following report : 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

In this State the work of the church has made commendable prog- 
ress during the year. There is perfect harmony and goodwill among 
the ministry of the North Carolina Conference as that body is now 
constituted. All of our pastorates save the Davidson pastorate are 
supplied with regular services. Our people are awakening to a 
higher sense of duty in Christian benevolence through the energetic 
work of our pastors along this line, hence missionary and educational 
work is receiving a greater impulse. What our people need is edu- 
cation as to what is their Christian duty, and to provide this kind of 
knowledge has been the united effort of the ministry in this State 
during the past year. Their efforts have not been wholly without 



26 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

fruit. Our people are manifesting greater interest in Sunday-school 
work, and the usual attention has been given to catechetical instruc- 
tion. 

In Virginia, we can render a favorable report. At this time we 
have only one vacant congregation, and one supplied by a pastor 
from the Virginia Synod. Our pastorates are still too large. We 
have in our territory a great field for missionary work. 

The young people are receiving regular catechetical instruction, 
and Sunday-school work is not neglected. Our services are well at- 
tended, and Christian giving is being more fully developed. Two 
new church edifices are being built this year — one in Page county, 
the other in the town of Manassas. Our mission work is progressing 
well under the care of Rev. J. K. Efird. Commendable progress has 
been made throughout this part of the Master's vineyard during the 
past year. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

In South Carolina, the state of the church, we learn through infor- 
mation from our ministerial brethren in attendance at this conven- 
tion of Synod, is in good condition. All the congregations" are re- 
ceiving regular services. The young are regularly instructed in the 
catechism. Sunday-school work is progressing finely. Upon the 
whole, this part of the territory of our Synod is enjoying a period of 
peace and prosperity. 

ALABAMA. 

This part of our Synod being placed under the care of the Mission 
Board of the United Synod, we learn through Rev. L. K. Probst, 
Secretary of the Mission Board, that considerable mission work has 
been done during the past year, and this field is very hopeful for our 
beloved church. Respectfully submitted, 

W. P. CLINE, 

J. P. STIREWALT. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON APPORTIONMENT. 

We, your Committee on Apportionment, make the following : 

J. R. Peterson's charge $25.00 

New Market charge .... 45-oo 

J. N. Stirewalt's charge 45. 00 

J. P. Stirewalt's charge 50.00 

J. C. Moser's charge 50 00 

S. S. Rahn's charge 15.00 

J. A. Cromer's charge 45.00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 

E. L. Lybrand's charge 5.00 

J. K. Efird's charge 8.00 

R. A. Yoder's charge 30.00 

W. P. Cline's charge 1500 

D. A. Goodman's charge % . 5.00 

J. C. Wessinger's charge 30.00 

R. H. Cline's charge 25.00 

P. C. Wike's charge 40.00 

J. P. Price's charge 15.00 

J. F. Moser's charge 35-oo 

W. L. Darr's charge 10.00 

L. A. Bikle's charge . . : . . . 30.00 

J. L,. Deaton's charge 5.00 

D. I. Offman's charge 1500 

J. P. Miller's charge 20.00 

Jacob Wike's charge 35-°o 

A. R. Beck's charge 40.00 

A. L. Boliek's charge 30.00 

J. J. George's charge 20.00 

J. L- Cromer's charge 30.00 

E. J. Sox's charge 40.00 

J. W. Hausenfluck's charge 20.00 

Daniel's, vacant 20.00 

Davidson pastorate 25.00 

J. A. CROMER, 
R. A. YODER. 

Synod adjourned to meet at the time and place already 
selected. Religious services conducted by the President, 
using the service for closing Synod given in the Church 
Book. 

J. N. STIREWALT, President. 

JOHN J. GEORGE, Secretary. 



28 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

SERMONS PREACHED. 

Opening Sermon — Rev. P. C. Wike, Saturday, 10 A. M., Gen. 28, 
17. 

Saturday, 8 P. M.— Rev. A. R. Beck, Isaiah 59, 6, St. Matthew's 
church. 

Sunday, 10.30 A. M. — Rev. R. A. Yoder, Sacramental Sermon, 
Luke 19, 22, St. Matthew's church. 

Sunday, 8 P. M.— Rev. Jno. J. George, Luke 15, 1-7, St. Matthew's 
church. 

Sunday, 8 P. M. — Rev. J. L. Deaton, Isaiah 55, 13, Lutheran church 
in Tom's Brook. 

Monday, 11 A. M.— Rev. J. P. Miller, Christian Beneficence, 2 Cor. 
8. 7, St. Matthew's church. 

Monday, 8 P. M.— Rev. J. L. Cromer, Rom. 1, 16, St. Matthew's 
church. 

Tuesday, 11 A. M. — Rev. E. J. Sox, Ps. 119, 9, St. Matthew's 
church. 

Tuesday, 8 P. M. — Rev. J. A. Cromer ; Prov. 11, 30. 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 

I. — Devotional exercises by the President. 

2.— Call of Clericall Roll. 

3. — Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 

4. — Reading of President's Report. 

5. — Election of Officers. 

6. —Reception of Advisory Members. 

7. — Reception of Letters and Petitions. 

8. — Appointment of Standing Committees. 

9. — Devotion. 

OTHER DAYS. 
I.- — Devotion. 

2.— Calling of Roll. 

3. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 

4. — Unfinished Business. 

5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 

6. — Report of Special Committees. 

7. — Resolutions. 

S. — New Business. N 

9. — Devotion. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SVNOD. 29 

LIST OF CHURCHES IN CONNECTION WITH THE EVAN- 
GELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

t 

ALABAMA. 

Cleburne County.— St. Michael, Emmanuel. 
Calhoun County. — Zion. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Lexington County.— Zion, St. Peter (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Immanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethle- 
hem, St. Thomas, Mt. Horeb, Mt. Tabor, St. John. 

Richland County.— St. Andrew. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Alamance County.— Mt. Pleasant. 

Alexander County. — Friendship, Salem, Shiloh, St. Paul. 

Burke County. — Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 

Caldwell County. — Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Trinity. 

Cabarrus County.— St. Martin, Mt. Gilead. 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. 
Paul, St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, 
Bethel, St. Timothy, Mt. Olive, St. Andrew, St. Martin. 

Cleveland County.— St. Matthew, St. Luke. 

Davidson County.— Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem, 
Holly Grove, Lebanon. 

Gaston County.— St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

IREDELL County. — Sharon, St. Martin, St. John, Mt. Hermon. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinity, Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon, Cedar Grove, and David's Chapel. 

Mecklenburg County.— Morning Star. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthon. 
• Rowan County.— Mt. Moriah, St. Mark. 

Stanley County. — St. Martin, Zion. 

Union County. — Emmanuel, St. Luke. 

Watauga County. — Mt. Pleasant, Friendship. 

VIRGINIA. 

Augusta County. — St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. — Bethany (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, Trin- 
ity, St. Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel, St. Paul, Spring Valley. 
Prince William County. — Bethel. 



30 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Page County.— St. Paul, St. Luke (Alma), Grace, Mt. Calvary, 
Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

» Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. Mary 
(Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, St. 
Stephen, St. David, Mt. Calvary, Morning Star. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. . 

Culpeper County.— Trinity. 

Total, 118. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 

Resolved i. That each of our pastors is required to present to his 
people the educational and missionary work of Synod, to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, to take up in each of his congre- 
gations collections for the general work of the Church, and to report 
at each regular convention of our Synod ; and that in the case of pas- 
tors failing to do this, inquiry shall be made, and unless satisfactory 
reasons be rendered, such pastor, after the first and second admoni- 
tion, may be subject to the censure of this Synod. 

Resolved 2. That the Council of each congregation be requested to 
send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechis- 
ing those who propose to become members of our communion, pre- 
vious to their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, 
and rather a loose custom of receiving uncatechised persons into the 
Church, without the slightest examination of them in regard to their 
religious knowledge and other qualifications for church membership, 
has been practiced by some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved 3. That we earnestly recommend all our ministers and 
congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all 
who make application for church membership be thoroughly instruct- 
ed by catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, pre- 
vious to their confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as 
• when persons of age and experience make application, or such young 
persons as have been so favorably situated as to have had opportuni- 
ties to become acquainted with and to have informed themselves of 
our doctrines and customs, seek church privileges, we recommend 
that their request be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have 
been examined by the pastor, before the council, and have been ap- 
proved by them. 



MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 31 

Resolved 4. That the ministers of our connection be requested to 
endeavor to get up and encourage Sunday-schools in all of their con- 
gregations and report their success to the Committee on the State of 
the Church, some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 5. That the Committee on the State of the Church be re- 
quired to make every reasonable effort, during the synodical year, to 
ascertain the condition of all the congregations in our connection, 
and report the same to the annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 6. That it be the duty of the President, with the consent 
of the pastor elect and congregation, to appoint a committee of instal- 
lation, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in our Syn- 
od, to perform this ceremony. 

Resolved 7. That no minister be excused who does not sufficiently 
respect Synod as to send. directly to it the reasons for his absence. 

Resolved 8. That we hereby establish a Synodical Fund, to be raised 
by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which all 
contingent expenses of Synod are to be met. 

Resolved 9. That hereafter the expenses of corresponding delegates 
to sister synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 

Resolved 10. That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our min- 
isters to ask their congregations to defray their expenses in attending 
the meetings of our Synod. 

Resolved 11. That the ministers connected with this. Synod, when 
absent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending 
in their reports to Synod. 

Resolved 12. That tha Mission Work of this Synod be transferred 
to the several Conferences. 

Resolved 13. That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestly 
and actively in this work under such regulations as may to them seem 
best. 

Resolved 14. That the chairmen of the Executive Committee of 
Missions in our Conferences be, and are hereby, required to report 
annually to Synod a full, written report of the missionary work of 
their bodies during the year. 

Resolved /_$. That the reports of the Conferences in regard to Mis- 
sion Work, be referred to the Board of Missions. 

Resolved 16. That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in 
their power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, 
lecturing, and catechisation, with a view sooner or later of getting 
men of their own color to look after the spiritual interests of their 
race in connection with the Lutheran church. 



32 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Whereas, It is meet and right that the dignity, sacredness, and 
solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and 
in order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved ij. That Synod recommend, that all applicants for ex- 
amination and ordination, and for whom there are petitions to Synod 
from a congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination 
and ordination, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services 
on the part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some 
session of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and, 
if found qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further 

Resolved 18. That it is the sentiment of this Synod, that this rec- 
ommendation should be acquiesced in, in all possible cases, as the 
order of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved /o. That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, 
consulting with the pastor loci, to arrange for the Sunday-school 
services, to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, 
by appointing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting sub- 
jects, and informing the speakers of their selection at least two months 
previous to each meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 20. That the President and Secretary of this Synod be 
hereafter the Standing Board of Missions. 

Resolved 21. That when used with proper limitations and qualifica- 
tions we do not condemn either the phrase "in view of faith" or 
"unto faith " in explaining the doctrine of Election, guarding the 
former against Synergistic inferences and the latter against Calvin- 
istic tendencies. . 

Resolved 22. That this Synod recommend to her pastors that they 
devote their entire time and energy to the work of the ministry, and 
call upon their people to give them such support as will make it un- 
necessary for them to engage in other professions. 

Resolved 23. In order to effect and maintain permanent relations 
between Lenoir College, Hickory, N. C. , and the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod, it is agreed to by the parties as follows : — On the part 
of the Board of Trustees of Lenoir College, party of the first part, that 
in consideration of the moral and financial support of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod, and to promote the educational interest 
of the church in her connection, and for the upbuilding of the Re- 
deemer's kingdom, the said Board of Trustees of Lenoir College agree 
that they will grant the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, party 
of the second part, the right to nominate seven additional members 
to the present six members of the Board of Trustees of said College, 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 41 

want of these have greatly crippled its efforts in the past, shall it 
continue so in the future? 

I am told that the success of Newberry College is due largely to 
the fact that every member of the South Carolina Synod is its friend. 
What does a friend to a school do for it? He contributes of his funds 
for its support ; he helps to fill its class-rooms with students ; he 
speaks well of it to all whom he meets ; he prays for its prosperity. 
How often do we fervently pray to God to bless our school and to 
make it a "nursery of useful knowledge and of Christian virtues?" 
Tet every member then of the three conferences of our Synod feel, 
"This is my school. I will pray for its success ; I will speak well of 
it to my friends; I will send my children to it for their higher edu- 
cation ; I will give to its various needs all I can." 

But we are well aware of the fact that the esteem our school is held 
in by members of Synod will ever depend largely upon its manage- 
ment. 

THE WORK OF THE SCHOOL MUST BE VIGOROUS AND AGGRESSIVE. 

There must be life, there must be activity, there must be enthusi- 
asm, there must be hard work, there must be strict discipline. We 
by no means wish to infer that our school under its present manage- 
ment is entirely wanting in these ; but there is room for improve- 
ment all along the line. Possibly our worthy president and his corps 
of instructors are doing all that should be expected of them under 
existing circumstances. But the circumstances are at fault. The 
school is not self-supporting, and our teachers seek to make it such 
by doing more than they can do rightly. Every professor now in 
connection with our school has a larger number of congregations to 
look after than most of us who do not teach. Thus double duty de- 
volves upon them, and each duty is only half performed. The school 
receives only half attention, the congregations receive only half at- 
tention. To every right-thinking individual it is apparent, I think, 
that our school must remain a mere makeshift until affairs take a 
different turn. The ideal school is one in which the teachers give it 
their undivided attention. We do not mean to ease the teacher or to 
give him more time to sleep and play, but that he shall exert all his 
time and talents in the interest of his school. This is the ideal, and 
whilst it may not be attainable just now or all at once, let us contin- 
ually press towards it. We never shoot high by aiming low. L,et us 
then, as much as possible, free our teachers from other cares and wed 
them more and more to our school. 

But we must remember, also, that it takes money to do this. For 
a teacher to keep up with the age, educationally, he must be sup- 
ported, and well supported. How do many other bodies of Luther- 
ans support their schools ? • 



42 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Look at the Augustana Synod, not yet fifty years old. It is com- 
posed of poor Swedes who settled in the West and Northwest. Today 
it has its own theological seminary, three colleges, and a number of 
high schools. And it is a remarkable fact that the congregations, 
poor as most of them are, bear nearly all the burden of providing for 
them. Thus are the seminaries and colleges of the Missouri and 
Ohio synods supported. Thousands of dollars are annually contrib- 
uted by the congregations for the support of their synodical schools. 
And these contributions come not only from the rich, but also from 
the poor. And we might mention other bodies, but enough. 

You ma}- say, "They have better schools." Without admitting 
the fact, I say, well may they have. Support our college as they are 
supported, and it will stand second to none of them. But some one 
may say, "This means that you want the people to help support the 
school." That is just what I mean. "Pay out every year something 
for the running expenses of the school?" That is just what I mean. 
"Giving to the school never to be done with, even our children and 
grandchildren to give?" That is just what we mean, that is just 
what we want. Giving to a school is the best way to keep one inter- 
ested in its success. 

I would add one more thought. It appears to me that hereafter 
when vacancies occur in the faculty, the Board and Synod would do 
well to bear in mind that others than ministers can teach. Lay pro- 
fessors would be in no danger of allowing themselves to be called 
hither and thither, over two or three counties, to preach. They could 
devote their whole time, vacations and all, to the interests of the 
school. 

In conclusion, let us all wake up and bestir ourselves in the inter- 
est of our College. Let us do all we can, give all we can, pray all we 
can, for our school ; and then, and only then, can we expect great 
things in return. 



OUR LOYALTY TO OUR SYNOD. 



BY REV. J. C. MOSER, D. D. 



The true Christian is always and everywhere a loyal man — loyal 
to his God — loyal to his Savior — loyal to his church. His vow of 
consecration, made in baptism, renewed in confirmation, constrains 
him to loyalty; and he gives expression to his loyalty, not in word 
only, but in devotion, in labor, and self-sacrifice for the glory of God, 
for the cause of Christ, for the prosperity and progress of the Church. 

Loyalty to the Tennessee Synod is only a specific duty growing 
out of the more general duty of loyalty to God and the truth. The 
man who is loyal to God and the truth, must, first of all and of ne- 
cessity, be loyal to his own church where God is worshiped and the 
truth is taught. And then, if he is an intelligent Christian, he will 
not fail to recognize the intimate relation existing between the con- 
gregation and the Synod, — the mutual dependency of the one upon 
the other. He will clearly see the importance to the individual con- 
gregation of the more general enterprises of the church carried on by 
the Synod. He will recognize his duty and responsibility in the 
prosecution of these enterprises. He will therefore be loyal to his 
Synod. He will be loyal to her doctrines and principles — loyal to 
her rules and regulations — loyal to her work, her various enterprises. 
He will endeavor to do his whole duty in maintaining her principles, 
in conforming to her regulations, in helping to put forward her work. 
He will spend and be spent in her service. 

Loyal, both in etymology and meaning, is akin to the terms law 
and legal. It means primarily faithful to law, true to constituted 
authority, and zealous to uphold and maintain it. 

But it means more than this. It implies love, constancy, and 
warm-hearted devotion — devotion that shrinks from no toil or self- 
sacrifice in behalf of its object. 

Loyalty to the Tennessee Synod, then, is, first of all, fidelity to her 
principles, and to her rules and requirements involving those prin- 
ciples. If we would be loyal to the Tennessee Synod, we must be 
true to the Confessions of the Lutheran Church in their entirety, 
which the Synod acknowledges as her own. We must hold, teach, 
and maintain the positive truths taught therein ; and when our Con- 
fessions reject and condemn errors, we can not be loyal to the truth 
and to the Synod which confesses that truth, and at the same time 
fellowship and encourage those who hold and teach these errors. 
The Tennessee Synod has definitely set forth her understanding of 



44 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

the condemnatory statements of the Confessions and her position on 
the fellowship question in what is known as the "Summit Rule." 
This rule as briefly formulated on page 20, Minutes of 1886, declares 
that "the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod rejects all ecclesi- 
astical union and co-operation which are not based on the pure Lu- 
theran teaching and faith ; as, Exchange of Pulpits, Promiscuous 
Communion or Altar Fellowship, Secret Society Worship, and Chili- 
asm." 

Now, is it possible that any one and especially any pastor can be 
truly loyal to the Tennessee Synod, and refuse to abide by this rule ? 
Not long ago a conscientious lady of another faith, on seeing some 
Lutherans commune with her church, remarked: "If I were a Lu- 
theran, I would not do that. I could not do so, and feel that I were 
altogether true and loyal to my own faith and church." 

Again, a loyal son will be zealous and active in the work of his 
synod. He will take a hearty interest in all her undertakings, and 
as far as possible lend to them a helping hand. When Synod is in 
need and her enterprises appeal for aid, they will not appeal to him 
in vain. He will cheerfully contribute his labor and his money to 
the success of her work. What claim to loyalty can pastors make, 
when the absence of their names from the Treasurer's report, indi- 
cates that they have made no proper effort to secure the small sums 
which Synod asks of them to enable her to do the work committed 
to her hands ! Will a true and loyal son allow his mother to lan- 
guish in want of the aid he could readily furnish ? How can we char- 
acterize the impudence that could lay claim to loyalty under such 
circumstances ? Can congregations that year after year make no 
contribution to Synod, or fail to meet in full their very small appor- 
tionment of ten or fifteen cents per communicant, be regarded as 
patterns of loyalty? And yet the sad truth is, we have such pastors 
and congregations. They would feel sorely insulted if we should 
tell them that they are not loyal to the Synod. But what else shall 
we say, and tell the truth ? 

The duty of loyalty to the general enterprises and institutions of 
Synod is involved in what we have already said. Yet the importance 
of this matter deserves further consideration. Apart from the main- 
tenance of these general enterprises there is no sound reason for our 
organized existence. These constitute the very life of the Synod, 
the fountain and source of her being, the mainspring of all her ac- 
tivities. They form a center of interest and influence, without which 
there can be neither unanimity nor cohesion. Her school, her bene- 
ficiary work, and her missions must be maintained, or the Synod will 
starve, dwindle, disintegrate, and perish. The duty of loyal support 
to these undertakings should receive instant recognition. It should 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 45 

scarcely need stating, much less arguing. And yet if a few of our 
people were not more loyal than the majority, such enterprises could 
not be established or maintained in the Synod. 

For the want of loyalty there are various excuses. Some think it 
costs too much to be loyal. That surely is a very poor loyalty that 
will sacrifice nothing for its object. Loyalty carries with it the idea 
of sacrifice. He who is your friend only when it costs him nothing, 
is a very poor friend. Loyalty that is only manifest when it costs 
nothing to be loyal, surely deserves not the name of loyalty. 

"When Synod adjusts this or that difficulty, when it allays these 
troubles, when it gets all its affairs to work smoothly and harmoni- 
ously, then I will do my duty, and prove my loyalty." This is the 
sort of excuse and promise some people make. What sort of loyalty 
is this that deserts a faithful mother in her adversity, and says, "Get 
out of your troubles, and then I'll help you?" Loyalty, if it is the 
genuine article, is manifest especially when its object is in danger 
and trouble. It shines the brighter in adversity, and stands the firmer 
amid treason and rebellion. That is an easy loyalty which flourishes 
only in time of peace and prosperity. If we are true to our Synod, 
we can not but speak up and out for her, and act for her, and sacri- 
fice for her ; and that too all the more when her name is scorned and 
reproached, when troubles and dangers alarm, and enemies oppose ; 
and when therefore she is in the greater need of our loyal support. 
A doubtfully loyal subject is he who living amid treason and danger, 
is afraid to show his colors. He is already a coward, and on his way 
to be a traitor. 

And why should we not be loyal to our old mother Synod ? She 
is loyal, and ever has been loyal, to the truth. She stood firmly for 
the pure Lutheran faith when there was scarcely any one else in all 
this broad land to stand for it. She stood alone, true and faithful, 
when it cost something to be faithful. In the face of reproach and 
persecution she held fast the profession of her faith without wavering, 
earnestly endeavoring to bring the other Lutheran bodies of the land 
back to the pure confession of our fathers. She was first to translate 
and publish in the English language the entire confessional writings 
of the Lutheran church. When we contemplate the trials and toils 
of the faithful fathers of the Tennessee Synod, their courage and de- 
votion to the truth, their self-denying labors and sacrifices, we feel 
constrained to say : "Surely these men deserve that their names be 
crowned among the heroes of our faith, and that their memory be 
embalmed in the hearts of a grateful and loyal posterity." And shall 
we prove unfaithful in carrying on the work which they began ? 
The truth which they so bravely confessed and defended shall we let 
go, when it is now comparatively easy to hold and confess it? When 



46 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

our resources and advantages are so much greater, shall we fail to 
build a noble and worthy superstructure on the foundation which 
our fathers laid ? 

Again, we should be loyal to our Synod, because true loyalty of 
every kind must begin at home. The man who is not loyal to his 
own will hardly be loyal to anything else. 

To foster and develop among us the spirit of true loyalty we need 
more thorough acquaintance with the doctrines and history of our 
church and Synod. We need more thorough consecration to the 
work of the Synod both among pastors and laymen. Hearty, earnest, 
self-denying labor in behalf of the Synod, while it grows out of loy- 
alty, ever increases and intensifies our loyalty. 

We need to educate pastors from among our own people in our 
own institutions. It is but natural that young men, reared in our 
congregations, cared for and educated by the Synod, should, as a 
rule, make the most devoted and loyal pastors. They will feel nearer 
to the Synod, and be in more hearty sympathy with her in all her 
struggles and enterprises. 

Some, it may be, are afraid to be earnestly loyal to their own 
church, lest they be regarded bigots. When loyalty expresses itself 
chiefly in proud boasting, in great swelling words of vanity and blind 
conceit, in bitterness and acrimony toward others, it deserves to be 
called bigotry. But true church loyalty is not bigotry. It is not 
narrow selfishness. It is not obstinate conceit. It is not blind in- 
tolerance that vents itself in criticism and denunciation of others. 
Loyalty is the warm, active love, the true-hearted, unselfish devotion 
of a faithful son to his mother. It is the loving husband's fidelity to 
his wife. Yea, rather it is the affectionate wife's intense devotion to 
her husband, that follows him in prosperity and adversity, through 
good report and through evil report, in life and in death, and never 
wavers, falters, or fails. True loyalty is manifest in the spirit of the 
captive Jew as he sat by the rivers of Babylon, and exclaimed: "If I 
forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget her cunning. If 
I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my 
mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy." Devoted 
loyalty addresses to our beloved Synod the words of Ruth to Naomi : 
"Whither thou goest, I will go ; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge : 
thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God : Where thou 
diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the Lord do so to me, 
and more also, if aught but death part thee and me." 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 47 



FORM OF BEQUEST. 



Resolved, That we earnestly urge our people to consider prayer- 
fully the propriety of remembering in their wills our Synod's and 
College treasuries, and that we place the following legal blank form 
of will on our Minutes for their use : 

I will, devise, and bequeath to A. B., Treasurer of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod and to his succes- 
sors in office (or to Lenoir College, Hickory, N. C.) in trust, 
to be invested and the interest thereon annually applied to 
such benevolent objects as the Synod may direct (or to 
missions) (or to such purposes for said College as the Board 
of Trustees may deem expedient) (or to the said officer or 

to said College) the sum of Dollars 

(or . acres of land bounded by lands of 

), and I hereby direct the 

said trustee to sell the same and apply the proceeds of sale 
to such purposes as the said Synod or Board of Trustees 
may direct (or to missions) (or do hereby direct said trustee 
to invest the said finances and apply the proceeds annually 
to, &c.) 



[The above resolution was offered and undoubtedly would have been adopted 
but for the lack of a suitable blank form for bequest. The resolution was with- 
drawn for the purpose of drawing up such a form. The form was procured, but 
the whole matter was overlooked until after Synod adjourned. At the request of 
several of the brethren I have inserted the same in the appendix to the Minutes. — 
Secretary.] 



INDEX. 



PAGE- 

Advisory Members 8, 13, 18, 19 

Apportionment, Report of Committee on 23-24 

Aged Pastors' Fund, Preambles in regard to 27 

Appropriations for Beneficiary Aid 29 

Beneficiaries 4 

Bequest, Form of 47 

Candidates for the Ministry 4-5 

Church Institutions, Report of Committee on ... 20 

Christian Giving, Sermon on 9 

Congregational and Ministerial Severance, Report of Com. on 20-21 
Congregational Work, Interlapping of, Resolution and Ap- 
pointment of Committee of Six relative to 30 

Delegates to Other Synods 2, 29 

Examination, Reports of Committee on 11-12, 19 

Elizabeth College, Resolution of Thanks ... 30 

Fraternal Greetings 18, 29 

Lay-Delegates, Roll of 5, n 

Letters and Petitions, Report of Committee on 9-11, 21-22 

Lenoir College, Report of President of Board of Trustees of.. . 24-25 

Lenoir College, Preamble and Resolutions relative to 25 

List of Churches 32-33 

Ministerial Roll 3-4 

Minutes, Resolutions relative to Printing and Distributing . . 17-18 

Ministers, Names of, Stricken from Roll 26 

Officers of Synod, Election of 2, 8 

Opening Sermon 3 

Ordination Service and Sermon 22, 23 

Order of Business 32 

Our School, Paper on by Rev. J. P. Miller 24, 38-42 

Our Loyalty to our Synod, by Rev. J. C. Moser 26, 43-46 

President's Report 6-8 

President's Report, Report of Committee on 12 

Presidents, pro tern 3, 19 

Parochial Reports 37 

Probst, Rev. L- K., Address on Missions 18 

Resolutions of Respect, Revs. Peterson and Moser 28 

Standing Committees ... 9, 2 

Standing Resolution No. 1, Amendment of 11 

State of the Church, Report of Committee on 26-27 

Sermons Preached 31 

Standing Resolutions 34~36 

Special Program, Committee Appointed to Arrange for ... 30 

Treasurer's Report ... 14-17 

Treasurer's Report, Report of Committee on 21 

Thanks, Resolution of 30 

Time and Place of Next Meeting 2, 22 

Theological Professor, Resolution relative to 29 

Unfinished Business, Report of Committee on 22 

United Synod, Delegates Elected to 29 

United Synod, Our Relation to, Paper by Rev. J. S. Koiner on 18, 19 



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MINUTES 



OF THE 



SEVENTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 



OF THE 



EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 



TENNESSEE SYNOD, 



HELD IN 



MT. TABOR CHURCH, 



NEW BROOKLAND, SOUTH CAROLINA, 



NOVEMBER 25, 26, 27, 1-897. 



HENKEL & CO.'S STEAM PRINTING HOUSE, 

OFFICE OF OUR CHURCH PAPER, SHENANDOAH VALLEY, &C. 

NEW MARKET, SHENANDOAH CO. , VIRGINIA. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President— Rev. Prof. J. C. MOSER, D. D . . Hickory, N. C. 
Recording Secretary— Rev •. A. R. BECK .... RighTwele,.S.^C. 
Corr. Secretary— Rev. J. P. STIREWALT . . . New Market, Va. 
Treasurer— Rev . Prof. R. A. YODER .... Hickory, N. C. 



MISSION BOARD. 



Revs. J. C. MOSER and A. R. BECK. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON EXAMINA TION+ 

Revs. R. A. YODER, J. L. DEATON, J. P. STIREWALT, J. S. 

KOINER, E. L. LYBRAND, and J. A. CROMER. 

ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

Revs. W. L. DARR, D. I. OFFMAN, A. R. BECK, J. A. CROMER, 
J. K. EFIRD, and A. L. BOLIEK. 



DELEGATES TO OTHER SYNODS. 

TO THE SOUTH CAROLINA SYNOD. 
Rev. E. L. LYBRAND, Prin. Rev. A. R. BECK, Alt. 

TO THE NORTH CAROLINA SYNOD. 
Rev. W. J. BOGER, Prin. Rev. J. P. PRICE, Ai/r. 

TO THE VIRGINIA SYNOD. 
Rev. E. H. KOHN, Prin. Rev. J. P. STIREWALT, Aet. 



TIME AND PLACE OF NEXT MEETING. 



The next annual convention of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee 
Synod will be held with Daniel's congregation, Lincoln county, N. 
C, beginning at 10 o'clock a. m. on Thursday before the second 
Sunday in November, 1898. 



t Cf5U 



MIITUTES 

OF THF, 

SEVENTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANG. LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



Mt. Tabor Church, 

New Brookland, S. C, 

Thursday, Nov. 25, 1897. 
The seventy-seventh annual convention of the Evangel- 
ical Lutheran Tennessee Synod convened, according to pre- 
vious adjournment, with Mt. Tabor congregation, New 
Brookland, S. C, at 10.30 o'clock, November 25, 1897. 

The opening sermon was preached by the Secretary, Rev. 
J. J. George; text, 1 Thessalonians 3, 9. 

The President being absent, the Secretary called the meet- 
ing to order. Rev. J. C. Moser, D. D., was elected presi- 
dent pro tern. 

The ministerial roll was called, and the lay-delegates 
present were enrolled as members of Synod. 

MINISTERIAL ROLL. 

Rev. T. Moser* Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

S Henkel, D. D.* New Market, Va. 

Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D.J King's Mountain, N. C. 

I. Conder* McGaheysville, Va. 

J. N. Stirewaltf . . . .' Stony Man, Va. 

A. L. Crouse Hickory, N. C. 

J. P. Stirewalt New Market, Va. 

Prof. J. C. Moser, D. D Hickory, N. C. 

J. A. Cromer New Brookland, S. C. 

E. L. Lybrand New Brookland, S. C. 

Prof. R. A. Yoder Hickory, N. C. 

J. S. Koiner* Luray, Va. 

D. A. Sox J Tallapoosa, Ga. 

* Absent and excused. f Absent and not excused. I Absent — no action. 



4 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. D. A. Goodman * Connelly Springs, N. C. 

". J. W. Hausenfluck % Rockingham, Va. 

" Prof. W. P. Cline Hickory, N. C. 

" D.J. Settlemyre* Beecham, Ala. 

" J. K. Efird* Manassas, Va. 

" Prof. R. H. Cline % Luray, Va. 

" P. C. Wike* Chicago, 111. 

" D.C.Huffman J Hickory, N. C. 

" J. P. Price Concord, N. C. 

" W. L. Darr* Statesville, N. C. 

" D. I. OffmanJ Melanchthon, N. C. 

" J. P. Miller China Grove, N. C. 

" Jacob Wike Chapins, S. C. 

" A. R. Beck Rightwell, S. C. 

" A. L. Boliek* Headquarters, Va. 

" J. C. Wessinger Henry, N. C. 

" J. J. George Cherryville, N. C. 

" Prof. R. L.Fritz* Charlotte, N. C. 

" S. S. KeislerJ Rader, Mo. 

" W. H. Roof Summit, S. C. 

" J. L. Cromer Newton, N. C. 

" Prof. E. J. Sox Hickory, N. C. 

" J. L. Deaton Hickory, N. C. 

" W. A. Deaton Dallas, N. C. 

" E. H. Kohn New Market, Va. 

" M. L. Pence Reepsville, N. C. 

" W.J. Boger|| Mt. Holly, N. C. 

" P. D. Risinger |t Newberry, S. C. 

Total number of ministers, 41. 

BENEFICIARIES. 

John F. Hall Hickory, N. C. 

B. Frank Hall Hickory, N. C. 

E. Parker Conrad Hickory, N. C. 

CANDIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

J. Allen Arndt Chicago, 111. 

Cephas K. Lippard Chicago, 111. 

James F. Deal Philadelphia, Pa. 

W. Herbert Little Philadelphia, Pa. 

Francis K. Roof Newberry, S. C. 

* Absent and excused. t Absent and not excused. | Absent — no action. 
J Ordained at this meeting of Synod. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

George A. Riser Newberry, S. C. 

H. Julian Mathias Newberry, S. C. 

John C. Deitz Hickory, N. C. 

Benjamin D. Wessinger Hickory, N. C. 

Lonnie S. Cloninger Hickory, N. C. 

Calvin O. Morgan Hickory, N. C. 

J. Alonzo Yount Hickory, N. C 

LAY-DELEGATES ENROLLED. 

J. C. Deitz— Holy Trinity, Zion, N. C. 

J. L. Drafts— Zion, S. C. 

D. J. Griffith— Grace, S. C. 

G. A. Kaminer— St. Peter's (Meetze's), S. C. 

F. K. Roof— Emmanuel, S. C. 

J. Q. Eargle— St. Andrew's, S. C. 

J. H. Koon— Mt. Tabor, S. C. 

J. W. Killian— Salem, Grace, N. C. 

D. L. Russell— St. Andrew's, N. C. 

L. S. Cloninger— Mt. Olive, Philadelphia, N. C. 

D. P. Boger— St. Martin's (Cabarrus), N. C. 

R. M. Jenkins— Mt. Holly, N. C. 

J. C. Grissom— Luther Chapel, N. C. 

J. S. Lipe— Mt. Moriah, St. Mark's, N. C, 

Dr. J. W. Eargle— St. Jacob's, S. C. 

G. W. Lindler— Mt. Horeb, S. C. 
J. C. Fulmer— St. Thomas's, S. C. 

J. W. Mayer— St. Peter's (P. W.), S. C. 
W. M. Wilson— St. John's, S. C. 

W. H. Rhyne — Trinity, Beth phage, Cedar Grove, David's Chapel, 
N. C. 

H. A. Costner— Antioch, N. C. 

Henkel Keisler— St. Paul's, S. C. 

Enoch Swygert — Cedar Grove, S. C. 

L. H. Shealy— St. James's, S. C. 

P. L. Miller— Rev. J. L. Cromer's pastorate, N. C. 

H. L. Arndt— Salem (Catawba county), N. C. 

W. A. Beck — Davidson charge, N. C. 

Prof. S. A. Wolff— The late Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge, N. C. 

Ambrose L. Henkel — New Market pastorate, Va. 

P. D. Risinger— St. Luke's, Morning Star, N. C. 

The annual Report of the President, Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, 
was read by the Secretary, and referred to a committee. 



o MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

Dear Brethren in Christ : — The seventy-sixth synodical year 
of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod with its immutable 
record has gone to the bar of the eternal court. Today we begin the 
seventy-seventh. We have come together, as we hope, to devise ways 
and means for the upbuilding of our blessed Redeemer's kingdom on 
earth. While we are in the enjoyment of many blessings and privi- 
leges for which we should rejoice and thank the good Lord, we have 
also many which are calculated to produce regret and sorrow. I men- 
tion two. We regret that some of our congregations have withdrawn 
from our Synod without sufficient reason for doing so. And we are 
sorry that we are called upon through the Providence of Almighty 
God to note the deaths of two of our beloved brethren in the minis- 
try, Rev. J. F. Moser, who departed this life, February 3, 1897, and 
Rev. J. R. Peterson, May 15, 1897. The absence of these two brethren 
from our synodical meetings will cause much regret, but it becomes 
us to bow in submission to Him who "doeth all things well." May 
our Heavenly Father direct us all in our deliberations during this 
meeting, and may it contribute to his honor and glory and the up- 
building of his church in our midst. 

OFFICIAL acts. 
I issued an order on the Treasurer of Synod in favor of Mr. Parker 
Conrad, $50.00. 

CALLS ACCEPTED. 

February 17, 1897, Rev. E. H. Kohn informed me that he had ac- 
cepted a call to the New Market charge, Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, and 
Trinity churches, having been transferred from the Southwestern 
Virginia Synod to ours. 

Mr. P. D. Risinger informed me on October 7, 1897, that he had 
accepted a call to St. Luke's and Morning Star congregations, North 
Carolina, as a supply while in the seminary in South Carolina, and 
after finishing his theological course to become their regular pastor. 

July 21, 1897, Mr. H. J. Mathias informed me that he had accepted 
a call to the charge made vacant by the death of Rev. J. R. Peterson, 
to supply them with preaching until October, provided they did not 
get a regular pastor. 

July 12, 1897, Mr. W. J. Boger informed me that he had accepted a 
call to Mt. Holly and Lutheran Chapel churches, Gaston county, 
N. C. , and that he had taken charge of the work. 

RESIGNATIONS. 

February 2, 1897, Rev. S. S. Rahn informed me that he had re- 
signed his charge, consisting of St. Luke's, Morning Star, and Em- 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

nianuel churches in the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, and 
accepted a call to St. John's church, Jacksonville, Florida. He re- 
quested a transfer from our Synod to the Georgia Synod. This I 
gave him, subject to the approval of Synod. 

October 4, 1897, Rev. P. C. Wike informed me that he had resign- 
ed his charge in Shenandoah county, Va., consisting of St. Matthew's, 
St. Stephen's, St. Paul's, and Mt. Calvary churches. 

EXAMINATIONS. 

November 4, 1896, Rev. J. C. Moser informed me that the commit- 
tee had examined Mr. M. L- Pence, and that he sustained a creditable 
examination, and on the 17th of October he was ordained to the office 
of pastor by the committee at a meeting of the North Carolina Con- 
ference, held in Christ's church, Gaston county, N. C, and at the 
same time the committee examined Mr. Parker Courad as an appli- 
cant for beneficiary aid. 

I also authorized Revs. J. P. Stirewalt and I. Conder to examine 
Rev. E. H. Kohn as an applicant for admission into the Evangelical 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod. This work was done on the 28th of 
April, 1897. He was found to be in accord with our Synod in doc- 
trine and practice. His application for admission into this Synod is 
herewith submitted. 

INSTALLATIONS. 

I authorized Rev. R. A. Yoder to install Rev. M. L. Pence as pas- 
tor of Daniel's congregation on the fourth Sunday in November, 
1896; and Rev. L. A. Bikle, D. D., to install him at St. Mark's fifth 
Sunday in May, 1897. 

June 12, 1897, I authorized Revs. J. P. Stirewalt and J. S. Koiner 
to install Rev. E. H. Kohn in the New Market charge. This work 
was done on the second Sunday in July, 1897, in Emmanuel church, 
New Market, Va. 

WITHDRAWALS. 

Mr. P. F. Smith, secretary of Concordia congregation, Conover, 
N. C. , informed me that at a regular meeting of that congregation it 
unanimously severed its connection with the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod, August 8, 1897. 

Mr. F. Sigman, secretary of St. John's church, Catawba county, 
N. C. , informed me that this congregation withdrew from the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, September 25, 1897. 

I have also been informed that St. Mark's church, Luray, Page 
county, Va., has withdrawn from the Evangelical Lutheran Tennes- 
see Synod. 

November 18, 1897, I received a letter from Rev. J. M. Smith, re- 
questing his name to be stricken from the clerical roll of the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Tennessee Sj'uod. 



8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

DEDICATIONS. 

Rev. R. H. Cline informed me that after remodeling, renovating, 
and adding to the church edifice at Shenandoah, Page county, Va., 
he rededicated it on the second Sunday in July, 1897. 

On the second Sunday of November, 1897, 1 dedicated a new church 
near Luray, Page count}', Va., which had been building for some 
time. Its name is Beth Eden church, and desires to be received into 
this Synod at this meeting, and does herewith make application. 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

1. I recommend that a committee of three ministers be appointed 
by this body to prepare suitable resolutions on the deaths of our two 
deceased brethren. 

2. I recommend that Rev. E. H. Kohn be received into connection 
with this Synod, and that his name be properly enrolled on our 
clerical roll. 

3. I recommend that Beth Eden church be received into this Synod, 
that the name be placed on the congregational roll, and that the 
three congregations which have withdrawn be stricken from our roll. 

Respectfully submitted, J. N. STIREWALT. 

ELECTION OF OFFICERS. 

The election of officers for the ensuing year resulted as 
follows : 

President— Rev. J. C. Moser, D. D. 
Recording Secretary — Rev. A. R. Beck. 
Corresponding Secretary — Rev. J. P. Stirewalt. 
Treasurer — Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder. 
Rev. Dr. M. M. Kinard of the South Carolina Synod was 
received as an advisory member. 

The President announced the following committee to 
classify all letters and petitions to Synod : Revs. W. P. 
Cline, E. E. Lybrand, W. H. Roof. 

By motion, the hours for the business sessions of Synod 
were fixed at from 9 a. m. to 11 a. m., and from 1.30 p. m. 
to 5 p. m.; sermons at 11 a. m. and 8 p. m. 

Synod adjourned, with benediction by the President. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



SECOND SESSION. 



Thursday, 2.30 o'clock P. M. 

Synod convened. The roll was called. The President 
announced the following 

STANDING COMMITTEES. 

On Church Institutions. — Revs. J. P. Miller, J. P. Stire- 
walt, and J. A. Cromer. 

On Treasurer' s Report. — Messrs. P. D. Risinger, D. P. 
Boger, and J. C. Deitz. 

On Excuses. — Revs. E. L,. Lybrand and M. L,. Pence. 

On President' 's Report. — Revs. J. J. George, J. C. Wes- 
singer, and W. H. Roof. 

On State of the Church. — Revs. W. L,. Darr, D. I. Offman, 
A. R. Beck, J. A. Cromer, J. K. Efird, and A. L,. Boliek. 

On Unfi7iished Business. — Revs. J. P. Miller, E. J. Sox, 
and J. P. Price. 

On Examination. — Revs. R. A. Yoder, J. h. Deaton, J. 
P. Stirewalt, J. S. Koiner, E. L. Lybrand, and J. A. Cromer. 

On Letters and Petitions. — Revs. W. P. Cline, J. L. Cro- 
mer, and Jacob Wike. 

On Apportiojiment. — Revs. R. A. Yoder, J. P. Stirewalt, 
and J. A. Cromer. 

By motion, Rev. J. C. Moser, D. D., was appointed to 
supply the place of Rev. J. K. Efird who had been appoint- 
ed to preach a sermon on "Christian Giving" on tonight, 
but was absent. 

The Committee on Letters and Petitions reported as 
follows : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

Mr. Chairman : — Your Committee on Letters and Petitions sub- 
mit the following report : 

I. APPLICANTS FOR EXAMINATION AND ORDINATION. 

A. is a petition from Mt. Holly and Lutheran Chapel congregations, 
Gaston county, N. C. , stating that they have extended a call to Can- 



IO MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

didate W. J. Boger, and ask that he be examined by this body; and, 
if found qualified, to ordain him to the office of the holy ministry. 

B. is a petition from St. Luke's, Monroe, N. C, and Morning Star, 
Mecklenburg county, N. C. , stating that they have extended a call 
to Candidate P. D. Risinger, and pray that he be examined ; and, if 
he be found qualified, ordained to the office of the holy ministry. 

We recommend that these petitions be granted, and these can- 
didates be referred to the Committee on Examination. 

II. LETTERS OF HONORABLE DISMISSAL. 

A. is a letter from Rev. J. J. Scherer, President of the Southwestern 
Virginia Synod, certifying that Rev. E. H. Kohn has been granted a 
letter of honorable dismissal from that body to accept work within 
the bounds of our Synod. 

B. is also a letter from Rev. M. M. Kinard, President of the South 
Carolina S)mod, certifying that a letter of honorable dismissal has 
been granted to Rev. W. A. Deaton from that body to accept work 
within the bounds of our Synod. 

We recommend that these brethren be requested to meet the Com- 
mittee of Examination for a colloquium. 

III. LETTERS OF EXCUSE. 

A. is a letter from Rev. T. Moser ; B., a letter from Rev. P. C. 
Wike; C, a letter from Rev. J. K. Efird ; D., a letter from Rev. 
A. L. Boliek; E., letters from Revs. W. L. Darr, R. L. Fritz, D. 
J. Settlemyre, I. Conder, D. A. Goodman, J. S. Koiner, and Dr. S. 
Henkel, each asking to be excused from attendance on this conven- 
tion of Synod. The reasons given are financial inability, great dis- 
tance, and in case of Rev. Darr, sickness in his pastorate. 

We recommend that they each and all be excused. 

F. is a letter from Rev. J. N. Stirewalt, late President of Synod, 
asking to be excused from attendance upon this convention of Synod. 

We recommend that he be not excused. 

IV. PETITION FOR ADMISSION INTO SYNOD. 

A. is a petition from Mt. Zion congregation, Watauga county, N. 
C, stating that it has adopted the constitution recommended by the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, and asks to be admitted into 
the Synod. 

We recommend their request be granted and the name entered 
upon the roll. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. II 
V. PETITIONS FOR SYNOD. 

A. is a petition from Lutheran Chapel congregation, Gaston county, 
N. C, asking that Synod meet with them in its next annual conven- 
tion ; B. is a similar petition from Daniel's congregation, Lincoln 
county, N. C. ; C. is also a petition from Grace congregation, Ca- 
tawba county, N. C. , asking for Synod to meet with them in its 
next annual convention. 
We make no recommendations. 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. P. CLINE, 
JACOB WIKE, 
J. L. CROMER. 

The report as rendered was received and considered by 
items. 

Item i. Recommendation sustained. 

Item 2. Recommendation sustained. 

The report was retained in the hands of the committee, 
to be continued hereafter. 

The following delegates having arrived their names were 
enrolled: J. C. Grissom, representing Luther Chapel, N. C. ; 
Prof. S. A. Wolff, representing the pastorate served by the 
late Rev. J. R. Peterson, N. C. 

By motion, the first Standing Resolution was amended 
so as to read as follows : 

Resolved, i. That each of our pastors is required to present to his 
people the educational and missionary work of Synod, to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, to gather in each of his congre- 
gations, at every morning service, the offerings of the people for the 
general work of the church, and to report at each regular convention 
of our Synod ; and that in the case of pastors failing to do this, in- 
quiry shall be made, and unless satisfactory reasons be rendered, 
such pastor, after the first and second admonition, may be subject to 
the censure of this Synod. 

The following report was received and adopted : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXAMINATION. 

We, your Committee on Examination, beg leave to report that we 
have had a colloquium with Revs. W. A. Deaton and E. H. Kohn, 
who apply for reception into our Synod, and we are glad to state 
that from the interview we have had we find them in hearty ac- 



12 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

cord with our Synod in doctrine and practice ; and, therefore, rec- 
ommend that they be received into our Synod, and their names 
placed upon our ministerial roll. 

R. A. YODER, 
J. L. DEATON, 
J. P. STIREWALT, 
E. L. LYBRAND, 
J. A. CROMER. 

Rev. W. A. Deaton was excused from further attendance 
at this meeting of Synod. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

i. We recommend that the action of the President in granting a 
letter of transfer to Rev. S. S. Rahn from this Synod to the Georgia 
Synod be approved. 

2. We consider the action of the President authorizing the exami- 
nation of Rev. E. H. Kohn, as irregular. 

3. We recommend that the request of Rev. J. M. Smith be grant- 
ed, and that his name be dropped from the ministerial roll of this 
Synod. 

4. We recommend that all the recommendations of the President 
be sustained. 

5. We recommend that the name of Rev. M. L,. Pence be placed on 
the ministerial roll. 

JNO. J. GEORGE, 
J. C. WESSINGER, 
W. H. ROOF, 

Committee. 

The report was received and considered by items. 

Item 1. Recommendation sustained. 

Item 2. Sustained. 

Item 3. Action deferred 

Item 4. Recommendation 1, in President's Report, sus- 
tained. The committee was appointed, consisting of Revs. 
W. P. Cline, J. P. Miller, J. J. George. 

Recommendation 2, sustained. Action already taken. 

Recommendation 3, sustained, so far as relates to Beth 
Eden congregation ; but for the further consideration of the 
three congregations which have withdrawn from Synod, a 
committee was appointed, consisting of Rev. R. A. Yoder, 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, and Ambrose L,. Henkel ; said commit- 
tee to report also on item 2 above, concerning which action 
was deferred. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

Item 5. Recommendation sustained. 

Rev. L,. K. Probst, Secretary of the Board of Missions of 
the United Synod, was received as an advisory member. 

Synod adjourned. Prayer and benediction by Rev. W. 
P. Cline. 



THIRD SESSION. 



Friday, 9 o'clock A. M. 

Synod met. Divine services were conducted by Rev. J. 
L,. Deaton. 

The minutes of the two previous sessions were read, cor- 
rected, and adopted. 

By motion, Rev. h. K. Probst was accorded the time desig- 
nated on program for reading of paper on "Synod's School" 
by Rev. J. P. Miller, and in connection with Rev. Probst's 
address, Rev. J. S. Koiner's paper on "Our Relation to 
the United Synod" was to be read, and the time for the read- 
ing of Rev. Miller's paper was fixed at 1 p. m., Saturday. 

The following resolution was offered and adopted : 

Inasmuch as there may not be a uniformity of Sunday-school les- 
son helps in use by our schools : 

Resolved, That in addition to the helps already recommended by 
Synod, we recommend that, as far as it may be possible, our schools 
use the helps prepared and published by the General Council. 

Candidates W. J. Boger and H. J. Mathias were received 
as advisory members. 

The Treasurer of Synod read his report, which was re- 
ceived and referred to the proper committee. 



14 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

R. A. YODER, Treasurer, 

In Account with the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 

general synodical fund. 
1896-97. Dr. 

To amt. on hand and reported at last meeting of Synod, $66 47 

PAID. APPORTIONED. 

To amt. of Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge $20 00 $25 00 

To amt. of New Market charge 45 00 45 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. N. Stirewalt's charge 45 00 

To amt of Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt's charge : St. Paul's, 
$9.24; Rader's, $12.50; Solomon's, $6.58; St. 

Mary's, $12.50 40 82 50 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. C. Moser's charge : Holy Trinity 
S. S., $15.00; St. Paul's, $6.00; Holy Trinity, 

$17.00 ; Zion, $12.00 50 00 50 00 

To amt. of Rev. S. S. Rahn's charge (P. D. Risinger): 15 00 15 00 
To amt. of Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge : Zion, $19.50 ; 
St. Peter's, $10.00; Emmanuel's, $7.00; Midway 

Schoolhouse, $4.00 ; St. Andrew's, $4.50 45 00 45 co 

To amt. of Rev. E. L. L,ybrand's charge ....... 5 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. K. Efird's charge 8 00 

To amt. of Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge: St. Andrew's, 

$5.60; Sardis, $7.68; Salem, $10.00 ; Grace, $8.00 31 28 30 00 
To amt. of Rev. W. P. Cline's charge : Mt. Olive, $9.00 ; 

Philadelphia, $5.00; Maiden, $1.00 15 00 15 00 

To amt. of Rev. D. A. Goodman's charge 8 50 5 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. C. Wessinger's charge : Trinity, 

$17.50; Bethphage, $11.25 > David's Chapel, $1.25 30 00 30 00 

To amt. of Rev. R. H. Cline's charge 25 00 

To amt. of Rev. P. C. Wike's charge : St. Paul's, $6.08 ; 
St. Matthew's, $4.00; Mt. Calvary, $3.48 ; St. Ste- 
phen's, $5.12 18 68 40 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. P. Price's charge : St. Martin's 
(Stanley), $5.00; Mt. Gilead, $5.00; St. Martin's 

(Cabarrus), $10.00 20 00 15 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. F. Moser's charge 35 00 35 00 

To amt. of Rev. W. L. Darr's charge : St. John's, $2.50 ; 
Mt. Herman, $2.50 ; St. Martin's, $3.00 ; Personal, 

$2.00 10 00 10 00 

To amt. of Rev. L. A. Bikle's charge : St. Matthew's, 

$15.00; St. Mark's, $12.50 27 50 30 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. L. Deaton's charge 6 20 5 00 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 15 

To arnt. of Rev. D. I. Offman's charge 15 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. P. Miller's charge 20 00 20 00 

To amt. of Rev. Jacob Wike's charge : St. Jacob's, 
$13.24 ; Mt. Horeb, $9.88 ; Bethlehem, $3.00; St. 

Thomas, $6.50 32 62 35 00 

To amt. of Rev. A. R. Beck's charge : St. Peter's, 

$20.00 ; St. Peter's, $20.00 40 00 40 00 

To amt. of Rev. A. L. Boliek's charge 30 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. J. George's charge 25 00 20 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. L. Cromer's charge : St. Timothy, 

$17.50; St. James, $25.00 ; Newton, $12.50 . ... 55 00 30 00 
To amt. of Rev. E. J. Sox's charge : St. James, $4.88 ; 

St. Paul's, $8.15 ; Mt. Zion, $1.75 ; Salem, $6.01 . 20 79 
To amt. of Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck's charge : St. Ja- 
cob's, Bethany 6 67 20 00 

To amt. of Rev. M. 1,. Pence's charge : Daniel's ... 23 00 20 00 

To amt. of Davidson pastorate 25 00 

To amt. of Rev. A. L. Crouse's charge: St. Stephen's 5 50 
To amt. of Rev. R. L. Fritz's charge : Salem (Catawba), 

$1.00; Shiloh, $3.00 4 00 

To amt. of Rev. S. S. Keisler, part payment of his in- 
debtedness to Synod 5 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, personal for benefici- 
ary John Hall 5 00 

To amt. of Mr. Barney Hall, personal for beneficiary 

John Hall 5 00 

To amt. of Mr. J. T. Miller, personal, Synodical Fund 5 00 
To amt. of S. S. Convention, Virginia Conference . . 14 00 
To amt. of Rev. M. L. Pence, ordination certificate. . 25 

To amt. of Rev. C. D. Besch, Minute 10 

To amt. of Rev. J. J. George, Pastors' Fund 7 60 

To amt. of Rev. W. L,. Darr, Pastors' Fund 2 50 

$761 48 
1896-97. Cr. 

By amt. paid Henkel & Co., printing Miuutes for several 

years, balance in full $188 60 

By amt. paid Geo. A Riser, appropriation in full 55 00 

By amt. paid John Hall, appropriation in full 100 00 

B3' amt. paid John Hall, personal donation of J. Paul Stire- 
walt and Barney Hall 10 00 

By amt. paid E. P. Conrad, appropriation in full 50 00 

By amt. paid Rev. A. L. Crouse, teaching theology for 1894, 

in full 25 00 

By amt. paid Rev. M. L. Pence, in full of appro, claimed . . 68 70 



16 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

By amt. paid Rev. R. A. Yoder, teaching theology, in full . . 150 00 

By amt. paid freight and express on Minutes 1 88 

B3' amt. paid printing circulars and postage on same . . . 1 75 

By amt. paid exchange on checks 95 

$651 88 
By amt. cash on hand to balance 109 60 

$761 48 
ORPHANS' fund. 

1896-97. Dr. 

To amt. of Rev. M. L. Pence's charge $ 8 61 

To amt. of Rev. J. L. Cromer's charge 8 05 

To amt. of Rev. R. A. Voder's charge 13 73 

To amt. of Rev. W. P. Cline's charge 2 67 

To amt. of Rev. J. C. Moser's charge . . 6 80 

To amt. of Rev. J. P. Price's charge 7 60 

To amt. of Rev. J. J. George's charge 12 72 

To amt. of Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt's charge 15 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, personal 5 00 

$80 18 
1896-97. Cr. 
By amt. paid Prof. F. V. N. Painter $ 80 18 

mission fund of united synod. 
1896-97. Dr. 

To amt. of Gaston College S. S. ..... $ 17 55 

To amt. of Prof, and Mrs. S, A. Wolff, personal 23 66 

To amt. of St. Paul's congregation, Rev. J. P. Stirewalt ... 2 75 

To amt. of Luther Mosteller, personal 5 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge 10 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. J. George's charge : St. Luke's, $2.90; St. 

John's, $11.18 14 08 

To amt. of Mrs. Mary Rhodes, personal, per Rev. P. C. Wike 50 

To amt. of Miss Mattie Rhodes, personal, per Rev. P. C. Wike 50 

To amt. of Monroe, N. C, charge (P. D. Risinger) ..... 1 50 

$75 54 
1896-97. Cr. 
By amt. paid J. E. Cooper, Treasurer $75 54 

c. k. lippard fund. 

1896-97. Dr. 

To amt. of Rev. J. F. Moser's pledge $10 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. C. Moser's pledge 1000 

To amt. of Mr. J. M. Arndt's pledge 5 °° 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 

To amt. of Mr. George Lohr's pledge 1000 

To amt. of Mr. Elon O. Henkel's pledge 10 00 

To amt. of Mr. D. H. Russell's pledge 2 50 

To amt. of Mr. D. H. Bowman's pledge 2 50 

To amt. of Mr. C. A. Little's pledge 2 50 

To amt. of Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt's pledge . 2 50 

To amt. of Rev. W. L,. Darr's pledge 5 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. J. George's pledge ro 00 

To amt. of Rev. W. P. Cline's pledge 5 00 

$75 00 
1896-97. Cr. 

By amt. paid Mr. C. K. Lippard $75 00 

Amt. due Aged and Infirm Pastors' Fund $45 64 

SUMMARY OF FUNDS COLLECTED FOR 1896-97. 

For general work of Synod $761 48 

Orphans' Home, Salem, Va 80 18 

United Synod Missions 75 54 

C. K. Lippard Fund 75 00 

Total $992 20 

Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER, Treasurer- 
summary OF OTHER BENEFICENCE. 
Amounts which did not go through Synod's treasury were paid as 
follows : 

To Orphans' Home $131.50 

To United Synod Home Missions 25.38 

To United Synod Foreign Missions . .... 15.25 
To Conference Missions ' 579-97 

Total $732.10 

It was voted that all the offerings gathered at the regular 
services at this meeting of Synod be donated to the benefit 
of Mt. Tabor church. 

On motion, the Secretary was instructed to insert just fol- 
lowing the Treasurer's Report, a summary of all moneys 
sent direct from pastors and congregations to the various 
benevolent causes, which therefore fails to appear in the 
Treasurer's Report. 

The following resolution was read and adopted : 

Resolved, That the Secretary have a sufficient number of Minutes 
printed— at least one to every five communicant members, the Synod 



l8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

determining the number — and distribute them pro rata, to each min- 
ister, according to the numerical membership of his charge ; and also, 
one for each secretary of the respective corresponding Synods, one 
each to our candidates for the ministry and beneficiary students, and 
to such periodicals as he may deem proper. 

Resolved, That the cost of printing and distributing these Minutes 
be included in the general appropriation and be paid out of the funds 
of Synod. 

On motion, the Secretary was instructed to have 2,000 
copies of the Minutes printed. 

Rev. E. E. Busby was received as an advisory member 
and as fraternal delegate from the North Carolina Synod. 

At 11 a. m., Synod adjourned for divine services. 



FOURTH SESSION. 



Friday, 1.45 o'clock P. M. 

Synod convened. The roll was called. 

Rev. E. E. Busby, fraternal delegate from the North 
Carolina Synod, in pleasant terms presented the fraternal 
greetings of that body to this Synod, to which the President 
appropriately replied in the same fraternal spirit. 

Rev. L. K. Probst, Secretary of the Board of Missions of 
the United Synod, was granted the floor, and forcibly ad- 
dressed the Synod on the subject of missions 

Synod then heard the paper read which was prepared, at 
the request of the Committee on Program, by Rev. J. S. 
Koiner on "Our Relation to the United Synod." For 
further action the paper was referred to a committee, con- 
sisting of Revs. J. P. Stirewalt, J. E. Deaton, J. P. Miller, 
and Messrs. Enoch Swygert and Ambrose E. Henkel. The 
consideration of the report of this committee was made the 
first order of business for a night session. 

At five o'clock, Synod adjourned until after divine serv- 
ices. Prayer and benediction by Rev. A. R. Beck. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 



NIGHT SESSION. 



9 o'OIvOCK P. M. 

The meeting was called to order by the President. The 
roll was called. 

Rev. S. C. Ballentine of the South Carolina Synod was 
received as an advisory member. 

The committee appointed to report on the paper prepared 
by Rev. J. S. Koiner on "Our Relation to the United Synod" 
made its report. Upon which discussion was continued to 
some length, but finally the proposed action failed to carry. 

At 10.30 p. m., Synod adjourned. Prayer and benedic- 
tion by the President. 



FIFTH SESSION. 



Saturday, 9 A. M., Nov. 27. 

Synod convened. Divine services were conducted by 
Rev. E. H. Kohn. 

The President being absent, the Secretary called the meet- 
ing to order. 

Rev. E. H. Kohn was elected by acclamation President 
pro tern. 

The roll was called. The minutes of the last two sessions 
were read, corrected, and adopted. 

The following reports were received and adopted : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXAMINATION. 

We, your committee to examine Messrs. W. J. Boger and P. D. 
Risinger, as to their qualifications to bear the office of pastor, would 
beg leave to submit the following : 

We have examined these young brethren and find them well pre- 
pared to bear the office of pastor, and recommend that they be or- 
dained and their names be placed upon our ministerial roll. 

R. A. YODER, 
J. L. DEATON, 
J. P. STIREWAIvT, 
J. A. CROMER, 
E. L. LYBRAND. 



20 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CHURCH INSTITUTIONS. 

Your Committee on Church Institutions would make the follow- 
ing report : In view of the fact that it is made the duty of the Presi- 
dent of the Board to make an annual report of Synod's school, Lenoir 
College, we deem it unnecessary to say much about this institution. 
We learn through its instructors and others that the school is con- 
siderably "up" this year. It is in better condition than it has been 
for several years. The faculty is full and efficient, and the number 
of students fairly good — 114. There are in attendance upon the col- 
lege quite a number of young men with the ministry in view. These 
receive instruction in theology by Rev. R. A. Yoder, the President 
of the institution. There is yet a debt of several thousand on its 
property, and we would recommend that this body take some action 
looking toward the speedy liquidation of the same. 

We are glad to state that Gaston Female College, located at Dallas, 
N. C, is nobly holding its own under the efficient management of 
Prof. S. A. Wolff and his corps of instructors. For some years this 
institution has been doing a good work, and all over the territory of 
the Lutheran church in the Carolinas, there are many daughters to 
rise up and call her blessed. Long may this school continue its ca- 
reer of usefulness. 

There are some academies within the bounds of the Synod, which 
we will give only a passing notice : Cherryville Academy, Rev. J. J. 
George, principal ; Ridge Academy, located in Lincoln county, N. 
C, Rev. J. C. Wessinger, principal ; Grady Academy, near Newton, 
N. C, Rev. J. L. Cromer, principal. All these, we learn, are in a 
good, healthy condition. Such schools, besides being a blessing to 
their immediate communities, are necessary feeders to our higher in- 
stitutions. Respectfully submitted, 

J. P. MILLER, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 

J. A. CROMER. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE APPOINTED TO TAKE INTO 
CONSIDERATION THE MATTER RELATIVE TO 
THE SEVERANCE OF CERTAIN CONGRE- 
GATIONS FROM SYNOD. 

We, your committee, appointed to take into consideration the 
matter pertaining to the action of certain congregations in severing 
their connection with the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, 
and uniting with other synods, viz.: Spring Valley congregation, in 
Rockbridge county, Virginia, and St. Mark's, Luray, Va. , to the 
Virginia Synod ; and Concordia and St. John's congregations, Ca- 
tawba county, N. C, to the Missouri Synod ; and St. Peter's and 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 

Bethel congregations, Catawba county, N. C. , which have severed 
their connection with the Tennnessee Synod, which are now with- 
out synodical connection ; and, also, the withdrawal of Rev. J. M. 
Smith from the Tennessee Synod, would beg leave to submit the 
following : 

1. We deem the reasons assigned by these congregations for with- 
drawing as insufficient to justify their action in this matter. The 
nature of these actions, we think, is subversive of the best interests 
of the whole Lutheran church, and the precedents set forth, both in 
the withdrawals and receptions of these churches into other synodi- 
cal connection, are not likely to prove productive of good, causing 
synodical disturbances and congregational troubles. The protest of 
Synod should be entered against all interference, directly or indi- 
rectly, with the Synod's work, and anything tending to alienation 
of congregation or minister from synodical connection, should be 
condemned, and every honorable Christian means should be used to 
prevent, instead of fostering and encouraging disintegration. Synod- 
ical and church loyalty should be observed, and only severed for the 
gravest considerations. 

2. In reference to Rev. J. M. Smith, we would say, that this Synod 
regrets, that any minister, especially one who has been reared in it, 
and grown gray in the works of our Synod, in righting our battles 
with us, until he is a veteran in the service, should request that his 
name be stricken from our ministerial roll ; and, in this spirit, we ask 
that Synod accord his request. 

Respectfully submitted, 

R. A. YODER, 

J. P. STIREWALT, 

AMBROSE L, HENKEL. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON TREASURER'S REPORT. 

We, your Committee appointed on Treasurer's Report, beg leave 
to report that we have examined the same, and find it correct ; leav- 
ing a balance of $109.60 in the synodical treasury, including $45.64 
due aged and infirm pastors' fund. 

Respectfully submitted, 

P. D. RISINGER, 
D. P. BOGER, 
J. C. DIETZ. 

Discussion on the Report of Committee on Letters and Pe- 
titions (see p. 9-1 1) was then resumed. 
Item 3. Recommendation sustained. 
Item 4. Recommendation sustained. 



22 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Item 5. With reference to this item, it was moved and 
carried that this Synod hold its next annual convention 
with Daniel's congregation, Lincoln county, N. C. 

By motion, the time of the next regular convention was 
fixed at 10 o'clock a. m., on Thursday before the second 
Sunday in November, 1898. 

The report of the committee was adopted as a whole. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

We, your Committee on Unfinished Business, respectfully submit 
the following : 

1. On page 13, we find that Rev. R. A. Yoder was continued as col- 
lector of the debt due this Synod by Rev. S. S. Keisler. What has 
been done ? 

2. On page 14, we find that a committee, with Rev. J. F. Moser as 
chairman, relative to securing a traveling missionary for Synod, was 
continued. Has this committee anything to report ? 

3. On pages 14 and 15, we find a plan for Church Extension refer- 
red for future action. What is the pleasure of Synod with reference 
to this matter ? 

4. On page 18, we find that the members of the Committee on Ex- 
amination in North Carolina were asked to examine Mr. M. L. Pence ; 
and, if found qualified, ordain him to the office of pastor. Has this 
been attended to ? 

5. On page 20, we find that Mr. E. P. Conrad, an applicant for 
beneficiary aid, was referred to the Committee on Examination in 
North Carolina. Did he appear before said committee ? 

6. On page 23, we find that a committee, consisting of Revs. J. F. 
Moser, R. A. Yoder, and A. L,. Boliek, were appointed to arrange 
work for this meeting of Synod. Has this committee discharged said 
duty ? Respectfully submitted, J. P. MILLER, 

E. J. SOX, 
J. P. PRICE. 

The report was received and action deferred until the 
afternoon session. 

The President being absent on account of ill health, Rev. 
J. P. Stirewalt was substituted to fill his place in the ordina- 
tion service. 

At 11 a. m., Synod adjourned for divine services. Prayer 
and benediction by the President. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 23 

At this service, Rev. Prof. W. P. Cline preached the ordi- 
nation sermon ; text, i Tim. 4, 16, and Messrs. W. J. Bo- 
ger and P. D. Risinger were properly ordained to the office 
of the holy ministry, according to the form in the Church 
Book. 



SIXTH SESSION. 



Saturday, 2 o'clock P. M. 

Synod was called to order by the President pro tern. The 
roll was called. 

The Report of Committee on Unfinished Business was 
taken up for consideration by items. 

Question 1. Effort has been made, and $5 has been re- 
ceived. 

Question 2. Nothing done. 

Question 3. No action taken. 

Question 4. Yes. Mr. M. L. Pence was properly ordain- 
ed. 

Question 5. Yes. Mr. Conrad was received. 

Question 6. Yes. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

The following was adopted : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON APPORTIONMENT. 

We, your Committee on Apportionment, make the following : 

W. A. Deaton's charge ... $30.00 

New Market charge 45-00 

J. N. Stirewalt's charge 45-oo 

J. P. Stirewalt's charge 50.00 

J. C. Moser's charge 50.00 

P. D. Risinger's charge 10.00 

J. A. Cromer's charge 45-oo 

E. L. Lybrand's charge 5.00 

J. K. Efird's charge 8.00 

R. A. Yoder's charge 35-oo 

W. P. Cline's charge 15.00 

D. A. Goodman's charge 5.00 

J. C. Wessinger's charge 30.00 



24 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



R. H. Cline's charge 25.00 

P. C. Wike's charge 40.00 

J. P. Price's charge 15.00 

W. J. Boger's charge 35-oo 

W. L,. Darr's charge . 10.00 

L- A. Bikle's charge 20.00 

Watauga Mission 10.00 

D. I. Offman's charge . 10.00 

J. P. Miller's charge 20.00 

Jacob Wike's charge 35-oo 

A. R. Beck's charge 40.00 

A. L- Boliek's charge . . . . . 30.00 

J. J. George's charge 20.00 

J. L. Cromer's charge 30.00 

W. H. Roof's charge .... 40.00 

J. W. Hausenfiuck's charge 20.00 

M. L. Pence's charge 35-oo 

Davidson pastorate .■ 20.00 

E. J. Sox's charge 20.00 

R. A. YODER, 
J. A. CROMER, 
J. P. STIREWALT. 

The paper on "Our School," prepared at the request of 
the Committee on Program,. was read by Rev. J. P. Miller, 
and after some discussion was ordered to be furnished for 
publication in Our Church Paper. 

The following report was read and ordered to be placed 
upon the face of the Minutes : 

REPORT OF PRESIDENT OF BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF 
LENOIR COLLEGE. 

As chairman of the Board of your institution of learning, I am 
much gratified to be able to make a very favorable report of the con- 
dition of Lenoir College. The number of pupils enrolled during last 
scholastic year was 109. This year the enrollment thus far is 114, a 
number considerably in excess of the enrollment at the same period 
in any recent year. The prospects of the college have never been 
brighter. The character of the pupils is above the average. Their 
deportment and progress have been, upon the whole, very commend- 
able. 

Since my last report, Prof. R. L. Fritz resigned his place in our 
faculty to accept a position in Elizabeth College, Charlotte, N. C- 
Rev. E. J. Sox was elected and called by the Board to fill the vacancy. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELIC A I, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 

He entered upon his duties at the beginning of the summer term, 
and is doing very satisfactory work. 

Prof. Yoder has been faithfully prosecuting his work as Synod's 
theological instructor. During the year he gave instruction in Dog- 
matics, Church History, Pastoral Theology, and Practical Homiletics. 
At present he has eleven (n) yonng men in his department. 

A few dormitories were fitted up, and some excellent furniture 
procured during the past summer at a slight expense. 

I am glad to be able to report some improvement in the finances of 
the college. The value of our school property is at least $20,000. 
The debt on this is not more than $5,000. Toward the liquidation 
of this debt we have unpaid subscriptions, regarded good, to the 
amount of $1200, and twelve unsold lots worth at least $1200. These 
amounts being deducted from the total liabilities leaves an indebted- 
ness of $2600 yet to be provided for. Considering the importance of 
this institution to the Synod, it should not be difficult to find 
friends who will soon liquidate this debt, and aid in more fully equip- 
ping the college for thorough and successful work. 
Respectfully submitted, 

J. C. MOSER, 
President of Board Trustees of Lenoir College. 

The following resolutions were read and adopted : 

Whereas, Lenoir College has recently been received under the 
fostering care of our Synod, and 

Whereas, We believe our Synod should devise the best plans for 
our college ; therefore, be it resolved by Synod : 

1. That this Synod recommend to the Board of Trustees of Lenoir 
College that it take such action as will limit the term of office of the 
Trustees to four years, and as will enable this body to nominate one- 
fourth of the members at each annual meeting. 

2. That the teachers of Lenoir College, who are engaged in minis- 
terial work, be requested by this Synod to serve not more than one 
congregation if possible in connection with their college duties, and 
that their church work be as near Lenoir College as possible. 

3. That every congregation in our Synod be asked to set apart one 
day in each year as College Day, and ask our people to contribute 
liberally to help pay off the present college indebtedness. 

Resolved, That this Synod hereby extend an invitation to Rev. J. 
L. Deaton, financial agent of our college, to visit the different con- 
gregations in our Synod, and present the claims of Lenoir College in 
whatever way he thinks proper. 

Synod adjourned until after preaching at night. Bene- 
diction by Rev. J. P. Stirewalt. 



2d MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



NIGHT SESSION. 



9.15 o'clock P. M. 
Synod was called to order by the President. The roll 
was called. 

The following was adopted : 

Resolved, That the names of Revs. C. H. Bernheim and G. E. 
Long be stricken from our ministerial roll. 

Following this resolution, Rev. A. L. Crouse requested 
his name to be dropped from the ministerial roll. By mo- 
tion, his request was not granted. 

Rev. J. C. Moser, D. D., read a forcible paper on "Our 
Loyalty to Our Synod," which he had prepared in compli- 
ance with the duty assigned to him by the Committee on 
Program. 

Synod, by motion, endorsed the papers read by Revs. J. 
P. Miller and Dr. Moser and ordered the Secretary to have 
them printed as an appendix to the Minutes. 

The following report was read and adopted : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON STATE OF THE CHURCH. 

We, your Committee on State of the Church, not having the in- 
formation furnished in the way provided for by the Synod, but only 
through conversation and observation, beg leave to submit the fol- 
lowing : 

VIRGINIA. 

In Virginia all our congregations are regularly served except the 
pastorate made vacant by the resignation of Rev. P. C. Wike. This 
pastorate is occasionally supplied by neighboring pastors. They have 
regular catechisation, and for the most part Sunday-schools. 

From the information we have been able to gather we conclude 
that commendable progress has been made in our church in Virginia. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

In this State there has been considerable improvement since the 
last convention of Synod. The agitation and troubles of the past few 
years have been allayed to a considerable extent. Our conference 
sustained a severe loss during the year in the death of two of our 
most faithful workers ; but their charges have already called pastors. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 

All our churches are regularly supplied with the means of grace ex- 
cept the Davidson pastorate. 

There is a manifest improvement in the activities of the Christian 
life and in interest in the general work of the church. Upon the 
whole we have much reason to thank God and take courage. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

In South Carolina our church is progressing as well as could be 
expected by a conservative mind. All our congregations have regu- 
lar services. All the fundamental doctrines and practices of our 
church are strictly adhered to. The spirit of Christian beneficence is 
continually being encouraged and cultivated. We have good reason 
to conclude that our church in South Carolina is enjojdng a period of 
commendable peace and prosperity. 

ALABAMA. 

This part of our church has continued under the care of the Mis- 
sion Board of the United Synod. 

The only information we have of the progress of this part of our 
church is through the Secretary of the Board, Rev. L. K. Probst. 
From him we learn that the work is being sustained ; and with its 
various difficulties the field is still a hopeful one ; and by the bless- 
ings of God the Board hopes to make the mission in Alabama a suc- 
cess. Respectfully submitted, 

A. R. BECK, 
J. C. MOSER. 

The following were read and adopted : 

Whereas, The Tennessee Synod some years ago formulated a 
plan for the establishment of an Aged Pastors' Fund ; and 

Whereas, The ministers of Synod have largely neglected to pay 
their dues into this fund ; we, therefore, direct the Treasurer of 
Synod to notify the delinquent pastors that their dues should be paid. 



RESOLUTIONS OF RESPECT 

TO THE MEMORY OF 

REVS. J. R. PETERSON AND J. F. MOSER. 



Your committee, appointed to report resolutions on the deaths 
of Revs. J. R. Peterson and J. F. Moser, submit the following: 

Whereas, It has pleased Almighty God in his wise provi- 
dence to remove our dear brethren from their labors on earth 
in the church militant to their rewards in the church triumph- 
ant, be it 

Resolved, i. That in the deaths of these brethren the church 
has lost two able and valiant defenders of her time-honored 
doctrines, society two faithful and devoted members, the State 
loyal citizens, and the families exemplary fathers and husbands. 
(Father Peterson was an aged and highly honored pastor in the 
North Carolina Conference, who served in the ministry fifty- 
four years, dying full of years and esteemed by all. Rev. 
Moser left this life in the prime of life, in the days of his strength 
and usefulness.) 

Resolved, 2. That we humbly submit to the dispensation of 
our heavenly Father, that we devoutly cherish the memory of 
our beloved brethren and fellow laborers ; that we hereby ex- 
press our appreciation of their labors and toils and sacrifices 
for the cause of Christ, and that we lay seriously to heart the 
solemn lesson taught us. 

Resolved, 3. That we tender the families of the deceased our 
sincere sympathy in their sad bereavement, and commend 
them to the care of our kind heavenly Father. 

Resolved, 4. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
families of the deceased, and that a page of our Minutes be in- 
scribed to the memory of our departed brethren in Christ. 

W. P. CLINE, 
J. P. MILLER, 
J. J. GEORGE. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 29 

DELEGATES ELECTED TO THE UNITED SYNOD. 

VIBGINIA. 

Ministerial. Lay. 

Rev. E. H. Kohn Mr. Ambrose L. Henkel, 

" R. H. Cline " Aaron Shutters, 

" A. L. Boliek " Isaac Shuler. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 

Ministerial. Lay. 

Rev. J. C. Moser, D. D Hon. A. Costner, 

" J. P. Miller Mr. A. P. Rhyne, 

" J.J.George " J. M. Rhoads, 

" J.L.Cromer " S. E. Killian. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Ministerial. Lay. 

Rev. J. A. Cromer ... ..... Hon. C. M. Efird, 

" A. R. Beck Maj. J. H. Koon. 

During the last hours of Synod a letter was received from 
President Geo. B. Cromer, fraternal delegate of_ the South 
Carolina Synod, in which he expresses regret at being provi- 
dentially hindered from meeting with us. 
Relative to this no action was taken. 

By motion, Mr. B. F. Hall was received as a beneficiary 
student. 

APPROPRIATION FOR BENEFICIARY AID. 

John Hall $90.00 

B. F. Hall 85.00 

E. P. Conrad 100.00 

The following was adopted : 

Resolved, That Prof. R. A. Yoder be continued as theological in- 
structor in Lenoir College ; that he devote one-fourth his time to 
this work, and that an appropriation of $150 be made for such service. 

DELEGATES ELECTED TO OTHER SYNODS. 

To the South Carolina Synod — Rev. E. L.. Lybrand, prin- 
cipal ; Rev. A. R. Beck, alternate. 

To the North Carolina Synod — Rev. W. J. Boger, princi- 
pal ; Rev. J. P. Price, alternate. 

To the Virginia Synod — Rev. E. H. Kohn, principal; 
Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, alternate. 



30 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

A letter from Rev. C. L. T. Fisher, Vice-President of 
Elizabeth College, was read, upon which the following res- 
olution was read and adopted : 

Resolved, That our Synod hereby returns thanks to the faculty of 
Elizabeth College, Charlotte, N. C, for their kind invitation to visit 
their college ; and that we recommend favorably Elizabeth College 
to parents who have girls and young ladies to educate. 

The following was adopted : 

Resolved, That this Synod appoint a Commission of six, two each 
from the States of North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia, 
with power to confer with adjacent Synods or their accredited repre- 
sentatives, relative to interlapping of congregational work, building 
of churches at or near where work has already been done or com- 
menced, by a Lutheran Synod, and all matters appertaining thereto, 
to secure harmony and the best results to the Lutheran church. 

The following Commission was appointed : 

Virginia — Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt and Mr. Ambrose L,. 
Henkel. 

South Carolina — Rev. A. R. Beck and Mr. J. W. Summer. 

North Carolina — Rev. J. C. Moser, D. D., and Mr. A. 
Costner. 

The following was adopted : 

RESOLUTION OF THANKS. 

We hereby extend our sincere and heartfelt thanks to the 
brethren of this congregation and friends of the town for 
their kind hospitality manifested toward us during our so- 
journ in their midst, and our high appreciation of the ex- 
cellent and appropriate music rendered by Major Koon and 
his choir during the services of this Synod. 

By motion, a committee of three ministers was ordered to 
be appointed, whose duty should be to prepare and have 
published two months prior to the next meeting of Synod 
a suitable program for special work. The committee was 
appointed, consisting of Revs. J. L> Deaton, J. P. Miller, 
and J. P. Price. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 31 



There being no further business, at n p. m, Synod ad- 
journed to meet at the time and place already selected. 

The service as given in the Church Book was used for 
closing Synod. 

J. C. MOSER, President. 

A. R. BECK, Secretary. 



SERMONS PREACHED. 



Thursday, n A. M. — Rev. J. J. George, Thanksgiving, 1 Thess. 3, 9. 

Thursday, 8 P. M.— Rev. J. C. Moser, D. D., Christian Benevolence, 
Mark 12, 41-44. 

Friday, 11 A. M. — Rev. J. L. Deaton, True Revivalism, Zech. 4, 6. 

Friday, 8 P. M.— Rev. J. C. Wessinger. 

Saturday, 11 A. M.— Rev. W. P. Cline, Ordination, 1 Tim. 4, 16. 

Saturday, 8 P. M.— Rev. J. P. Price, Missions. John 4, 35. 

Sunday, 11 A. M.— In Mt. Tabor church— Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, Ded- 
ication, Col. i, 18. 

In the school-house near by — Rev. W. J. Boger. 

In Presbyterian church, Brookland — Rev. J. P. Miller, Matt. 22, 42. 

In Ebenezer church, Columbia — Rev. J. C. Moser, D. D. , Rev. 3, 20. 

In Second Lutheran church, Columbia — Rev. A. R. Beck, 1 John 
4, 20. 

Sunday, 7.30 P. M.— In Mt. Tabor church— M. L-. Pence. 

In Presbyterian church, Brookland— Rev. J. P. Price. 

In Ebenezer church, Columbia — Rev. R. A. Yoder, Matt. 28, 19. 



32 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 
i. — Devotional exercises by the President. 
2.— Call of Clerical Roll. 

3. — Reception and. Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 
4. — Reading of President's Report. 
5. — Election of Officers. 
6. — Reception of Advisory Members. 
7. — Reception of Letters and Petitions. 
8. — Appointment of Standing Committees. 
9. — Devotion. 

OTHER DAYS. 
i. — Devotion. 
2.— Calling of Roll. 

3. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 
4. — Unfinished Business. 
5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 
6. — Report of Special Committees. 
7. — Resolutions. 
8. — New Business. 
9. — Devotion. 



LIST OF CHURCHES IN CONNECTION WITH THE EVAN- 
GELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

ALABAMA. 
Cleburne County. — St. Michael, Emmanuel. 
Calhoun County. — Zion. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Lexington County.— Zion, St. Peter (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Immanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethle- 
hem, St. Thomas, Mt. Horeb, Mt. Tabor, St. John. 

Richland County. — St. Andrew. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 
Alamance County.— Mt. Pleasant. 

Alexander County.— Friendship, Salem, Shiloh, St. Paul. 
Burke County. — Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 
Caldwell County. —Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Trinity. 
Cabarrus County.— St. Martin, Mt. Gilead. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 33 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. 
Paul, St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, 
Bethel, St. Timothy, Mt. Olive, St. Andrew, St. Martin, Salem, 
Ebenezer. 

Cleveland County.— St. Matthew, St. Luke. 

Davidson County. — Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem, 
Holly Grove, Lebanon. 

Gaston County. — St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

IREDELL County.— Sharon, St. Martin, St. John, Mt. Hermon. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinity, Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon, Cedar Grove, and David's Chapel. 

Mecklenburg County.— Morning Star. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthon. 

Rowan County.— Mt. Moriah, St. Mark. 

Stanley County.— St. Martin, Zion. 

Union County. — Emmanuel, St. Luke. 

Watauga County. — Mt. Pleasant, Holy Communion, Mt. Zion. 

VIRGINIA. 

Rockbridge County. — Spring Valley. 

Augusta County.— St. Paul. 

Rockingham County. —Bethany (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, Trin- 
ity, St. Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel, St. Paul. 

Prince William County. — Bethel. 

Page County.— St. Paul, St. Luke (Alma), Grace, Mt. Calvary, 
Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point, Beth Eden. 

Shenandoah County.— Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. Mary 
(Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, St. 
Stephen, St. David, Mt. Calvary, Morning Star. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 

Culpeper County. — Trinity. 

Total, 120. 



34 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 

Resolved, i. That each of our pastors is required to present to his 
people the educational and missionary work of Synod, to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, to gather in each of his congre- 
gations at every morning service, the offerings of the people, for the 
general work of the Church, and to report at each regular conven- 
tion of our Synod ; and that in the case of pastors failing to do this, 
inquiry shall be made, and unless satisfactory reasons be rendered, 
such pastor, after the first and second admonition, may be subject to 
the censure of this Synod. 

Resolved, 2. That the Council of each congregation be requested to 
send, to each annual meeting of the Synod, a written report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

Whereas, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechis- 
ing those who propose to become members of our communion, pre- 
vious to their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, 
and rather a loose custom of receiving nncatechised persons into the 
Church, without the slightest examination of them in regard to their 
religious knowledge and other qualifications for church membership, 
has been practiced by some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved, 3. That we earnestly recommend all our ministers and 
congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all 
who make application for church membership be thoroughly instruct- 
ed by catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, pre- 
vious to their confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as 
when persons of age and experience make application, or such young 
persons as have been so favorably situated as to have had opportuni- 
ties to become acquainted with and to have informed themselves of 
our doctrines and customs, seek church privileges, we recommend 
that their request be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons 
have been examined by the pastor, before the council, and have been 
approved by them. 

Resolved, 4. That the ministers of our connection be requested to 
endeavor to get up and encourage Sunday-schools in all of their con- 
gregations and report their success to the Committee on the State of 
the Church, some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved, 5. That the Committee on the State of the Church be re- 
quired to make every reasonable effort, during the synodical year, to 
ascertain the condition of all the congregations in our connection, 
and report the same to the annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved, 6. That it be the duty of the President, with the consent 
of the pastor elect and congregation, to appoint a committee of in- 
stallation, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in our 
Synod, to perform this ceremony. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 35 

Resolved, 7. That no minister be excused who does not sufficiently 
respect Synod as to send directly to it the reasons for his absence. 

Resolved, S. That we hereby establish a Syuodical Fund, to be raised 
by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which all 
contingent expenses of Synod are to be met. 

Resolved, g. That hereafter the expenses of corresponding delegates 
to sister synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 

Resolved, 10. That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our min- 
isters to ask their congregations to defray their expenses in attending 
the meetings of our Synod. 

Resolved, ir. That the ministers connected with this Synod, when 
absent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending 
in their reports to Synod. 

Resolved, 12 That the Mission Work of this Synod be transferred to 
the several Conferences. 

Resolved, 13. That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestly 
and actively in this work under such regulations as may to them seem 
best. 

Resolved, 14. That the chairmen of the Executive Committee of 
Missions in our Conferences be, and are hereby, required to report 
annually to Synod a full, written report of the missionary work of 
their bodies during the year. 

Resolved, 75. That the reports of the Conferences in regard to Mis- 
sion Work, be referred to the Board of Missions. 

Resolved, 16. That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in 
their power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, 
lecturing, and catechisation, with a view sooner or later of getting 
men of their own color to look after the spiritual interests of their 
race in connection with the Lutheran church. 

Whereas, It is meet and right that the dignity, sacredness, and 
solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and 
in order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved, ij. That Synod recommend, that all applicants for ex- 
amination and ordination, and for whom there are petitions to Synod 
from a congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination 
and ordination, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services 
on the part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some 
session of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and, 
if found qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further 

Resolved, iS. That it is the sentiment of this Synod, that this rec- 
ommendation should be acquiesced in, in all possible cases, as the 
order of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved, ig. That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, 
consulting with the pastor loci, to arrange for the Sunday-school 



?6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



services, to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, 
by appointing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting sub- 
jects, and informing the speakers of their selection at least two mouths 
previous to each meeting of Synod. 

Resolved, 20. That the President and Secretary of this Synod be 
hereafter the Standing Board of Missions. 

Resolved, 21 . That when used with proper limitations and qualifica- 
tions we do not condemn either the phrase "in view of faith" or 
"unto faith" in explaining the doctrine of Election, guarding the 
former against Synergistic inferences and the latter agaiust Calvin- 
istic tendencies. 

Resolved, 22. That this Synod recommend to her pastors that thev 
devote their entire time and energy to the work of the ministry, and 
call upou their people to give them such support as will make it un- 
necessary for them to engage in other professions. 

Resolved, 23. In order to effect and maintain permanent relations 
between Lenoir College, Hickory, N. C, and the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod, it is agreed to by the parties as follows : — On the part 
of the Board of Trustees of Lenoir College, party of the first part, that 
in consideration of the moral and financial support of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod, and to promote the educational interest 
of the church in her connection, and for the upbuilding of the Re- 
deemer's kingdom, the said Board of Trustees of Lenoir College agree 
that they will grant the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, party 
of the second part, the right to nominate seven additional members 
to the present six members of the Board of Trustees of said College, 
who shall be elected by said Board ; and further the said Syuod shall 
have the right any time hereafter, to nominate a member to fill any 
vacancy that may occur in the Board, and the member so nominated 
shall be elected by the Board for such vacancy: Provided however if 
at auy time a vacancy should occur, and the Synod should fail to 
make a nomination within iS months after such vacancy should oc- 
cur, the Board proceed to nominate and elect a member to fill such 
vacancy: said action to be subject to the approval of the said Synod 
at its next meeting after such action on the part of the Board. 

The Board agrees further that it will report through its president 
to each regular convention of Synod ; this report to include a full 
statement of the condition of the school, moral, financial, &c. 

The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, party of the second 
part, in consideration of the aforesaid rights and privileges granted 
them by the party of the first part, and to carry out the laudable ob- 
ject set forth herein, agrees to give the said College her hearty moral 
and fiuancial support. 



(a) (b) Includes 
*Report for seve 

time. {This record 
Notes.— This r 

Svnod. The colu 


C 

5" 


Win. L. Darr . 
J. P. Miller . . 
J. L. Deaton . . 
A. L. Boliek . . 
Jacob Wike . . 
A. R. Beck . . 
E. H. Kohn . . 
J. C. Wessinger 
lljohn J. Oeorge 
E. J. Sox . . . 
J. L. Cromer . 
W. H. Roof. . 
M. L. Pence . . 
1 P. D. Risinger 
W. J. Boger . . 
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APPENDIX. 



LENOIR COLLEGE OF THE TENNESSEE 
SYNOD. 



BY REV. J. P. MII^ER. 



Most persons present, I suppose, know that the Tennessee Synod 
has a school at Hickory, North Carolina, by the name of Lenoir 
College. For about twenty years, Synod has had under its fostering 
care a school, with a brief interim of a few years. And during this 
short interval she was without only in name. 

At first it was located at Conover, North Carolina, under the name 
of Concordia College. It was opened in July of 1877, just twenty 
years ago, with Prof. R. A. Yoder as sole instructor. The first year 
was conducted in a small private house, with nineteen pupils on 
opening day. In September of 1878, the school was moved into the 
present building at Conover, under the name of Concordia High 
School. For the first four years the school was run by Prof. Yoder 
and wife, with such help as could be secured from among the stu- 
dents. In 1881, the school was chartered under the name of Concor- 
dia College. The next year several additional professors were called : 
Revs. J. C. Moser and J. S. Koiner. And the same year Dr. P. C. 
Henkel was called as president of the institution. This position he 
held for several years, though it amounted to little more than a nom- 
inal connection with the school. 

And thus, with the usual "ups and downs" and occasional changes 
in the faculty, the school ran for some years. During these years the 
following names of instructors appear, some for a longer and some 
for a shorter period : Revs. R. A. Yoder, J. C. Moser, J. S. Koiner, 
J. F. Moser, D. A. Sox, J. G. Schaid, and J. P. Miller. Others may 
have taught for a short while, but were not elected by the Board as 
regular professors. 

In 1891 , difficulties and dissatisfactions having arisen with reference 
to the location of our school, the faculty, with one exception, Rev. 
J. G. Schaid, resigned. Soon after, the Board manned the school 
with an element hostile to Synod. And upon the refusal of the 
Board to elect such teachers as would run the school in the interest 
of Synod, she, in 1892, severed her connection with said school. 
Meanwhile some of the former professors had gone to Hickory and 
built up a flourishing school with the provisional name of Highland 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 39 



College. On the 3d of January, 1S92, the college was rechristened 
and named "Lenoir," in honor of Col. W. W. Lenoir, who donated 
the site. It was chartered at same date. 

During the latter part of 1892 and the first part of 1893. the present 
magnificent structure was erected. The erection of this building 
was made possible only by the tremendous self-sacrifice of a few in- 
dividuals, with the help of such friends as were interested in the 
cause. Since then, others have nobly come to the rescue, and helped 
lighten the too heavy burden. 

From its beginning to the present time the following have served 
as regular professors of the school : Revs. R. A. Yoder, J. C. Moser, 
A. L. Crouse, J. P. Miller, W. P. Cline, R. L. Fritz, and E. J. Sox, 
three of whom, viz., Yoder, Cline, and Sox constitute the present 
faculty; i. e. y exclusive of primary, business, and musical depart- 
ments. From its beginning Prof. Yoder has been the president. 
Indeed, it is a remarkable fact, that, barring a brief interval of four 
years, our present principal has beeu connected with Synod's school 
from its beginning, more than half the time as its president. In our 
paper we deemed it advisable to give a brief historical sketch of Syn- 
od's school from its beginning ; and in doing so we have devoted 
some time in speaking of Concordia College. We could not well do 
otherwise, since our present school is in reality Synod's former 
school, Concordia, moved to a different place and called by a differ- 
ent name. 

At present, as you will hear from the report of the President of the 
Board, the school is in a prosperous condition, the faculty full and 
efficient, and the number of students fairly good — 114. 

From this brief historical sketch I wish to turn to 

A FEW OF THE MOST IMPERATIVE NEEDS OF THE SCHOOL. 

"All that glitters is not gold." 
School work is all pleasant and profitable to one looking at it from 
a distance. 

"Distance lends enchantment to the view." 

To read newspaper reports of schools, to visit an occasional enter- 
tainment or annual commencement, one would think it all lovely, all 
holiday, all financial success. But this is not the case, especially 
where preparatory and primary students are admitted, and where the 
want "of an.endowment fund keeps it in continual financial straits. 

No college student pays for all he gets. He is some one's benefi- 
ciary. If there is no other fund from which to draw, it comes of the 
sacrifice of the teachers. Hence the failure, often, in unendowed in- 
stitutions, of instructors doing what is considered their full duty. 
They resort to other callings or occupations to supplement their 
small salaries. Their time and energies are divided. They fail of 



40 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

that full measure of success which a competent support would assure. 
They are blamed for it. And whilst I would not excuse them from all 
blame ; yet, I think, the chief blame rests upon the existing state of 
affairs — not upon any individual or set of individuals. Most minis- 
ters and teachers are too timid to make complaint ; or, if they do 
complain, they fail to press their rights. They would rather supple- 
ment their meager salaries some other way than to continually com- 
plain of smallness of salary. But, by a failure to make our needs 
known and demanding our rights, we wrong both ourselves and our 
patrons. By dividing our time and talents we lessen our own effi- 
ciency for doing good, we fail to give our patrons the service they 
need, and we educate them in the grace (?) of Christian stinginess. 

Directly to our school, Leiioir College, and its special needs. 

i. First, we would notice the better equipment of the school. Be- 
sides a debt of several thousand dollars on the present property, it is 
not yet completed. This should be done at an early day. The un- 
finished rooms could be profitably utilized ; and then too, it mars the 
appearance of the building to have it only partially finished within. 

2. Again, the College is greatly in need of scientific apparatus and 
a good, well-selected library. Our library is entirely too small, and 
half of what we have are old copies of the German Bible, which few 
read, and books considered worthless by their donors, some of 
them almost obsolete. These fill up, but they are hard to digest ! 
We will never have a good, well-selected library till we have some 
hundreds to invest in the purchasing of carefully selected books. 

3. Also, better arrang enient for club boarding should be made. To 
this end a boarding hall should be erected, and one of the professors 
or some other competent person should have the management and 
oversight of it. Whilst board is low, yet it is the chief item of ex- 
pense at a college like ours, where tuition is low, and where fashion 
does not reign supreme. Many a poor boy is kept away from school 
merely because of his inability to pay ordinary prices for board. I 
know a school, a good school, too, where board is reduced to the very 
low figure of $3 and less per month — board and all expenses consequent 
thereto. Some may object to board at these low figures. L,et such 
as have the means and inclination engage more expensive board. 
But many a boy boards at his home on $3 per month. Is he better 
at school than at home? Of course, board at this minimum of ex- 
pense can be secured only on the co-operative plan. 

4. Another very important need, 

THE HEARTY SYMPATHY AND CO-OPERATION OF THE WHOLE SYNOD. 

This is imperative, if our school is to reach that full measure of suc- 
cess which it deserves. What can the School of the Tennessee Synod 
do without the sympathy and co-operation of its members? The 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 33 

who shall be elected by said Board ; and further the said Synod shall 
have the right any time hereafter, to nominate a member to fill any 
vacancy that may occur in the Board, and the member so nominated 
shall be elected by the Board for such vacancy : Provided however if 
at any time a vacancy should occur, and the Synod should fail to 
make a nomination within 18 months after such vacancy should oc- 
cur, the Board proceed to nominate and elect a member to fill such 
vacancy : said action to be subject to the approval of the said Synod 
at its next meeting after such action on the part of the Board. 

The Board agrees further that it will report through its president 
to each regular convention of Synod ; this report to include a full 
statement of the condition of the school, moral, financial, &c. 

The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, party of the second 
part, in consideration of the aforesaid rights and privileges granted 
them by the party of the first part, and to carry out the laudable ob- 
ject set forth herein, agrees to give the said College her hearty moral 
and financial support. 



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PAROCHIAL REPORT. 



The following Form of Parochial Report was adopted by 
the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, in session at 
St. Matthew Evangelical Lutheran church, near Tom's 
Brook, Virginia, August 22-25, 1896. 



Date 



Pastor's Name 
Address . . . 



Ordained 

Congregations 

f Males . . . 
Confirmed Members -I 

( Females. . . 

Communicants 

Baptized Members not Confirmed 

Adult Baptisms 

Infant Baptisms 

Catechumens 

Confirmations 

Received by Letter 

Dismissed by Letter 

Deaths 



Expulsions 

Restorations 

Sunday-schools 

f Males 

Sunday-school Teachers j 

( Females 

( Males 

Suuday-school Scholars-^ 

( Females 

Months in Session of Sunday-schools 

United Synod Home Missions 

United Synod Foreign Missions 

Synodical Fund (including Beneficiary Education) . . 

Conference Missions 

Pastor's Salary (from all sources) 

Other Objects (Building of Churches, Parsonages, &c. 

Beneficence for Building other Churches 

Aged Pastors' Fund 

Orphan Home 

Copies of Minutes Wanted 



INDEX. ; 



PAGE. 

Appropriations to Beneficiaries, &c 20 

Apportionment, Report of Committee on 26-27 

Advisory Members 16 

Beneficiaries 5 

Candidates for the Ministry 4 

Church Institutions, Report of Committee on 24-25 

Calendar 9 

College for Women, Resolution relative to 13 

Delegates to Other Synods 24 

Deaton, Rev. J. L., Reception of 9 

Election, Substitute for Declaration of Synod on 17,32 

Examination, Report of Committee on 24 

Fraternal Greetings 16, 20 

Home, Foreign, and Benevolent Work, Co-operation with Unit- 
ed Synod, Resolutions on 16 

Keisler, Rev. S. S., Indebtedness of 13 

Lay-delegates, Roll of 5 

Letters and Petitions, Report of Committee on 17-18 

Lenoir College, Report of President of Board of Trustees of . . 22-23 

List of Churches . , 29-30 

Ministerial Roll 3-4 

Mission Board 2, 32 

Mt. Hermon Congregation, Reception of 13 

Missouri Synod, English, Preambles and Resolutions in regard to, 21-22 

Officers of Synod, Election of 2, 8 

Opening Sermon 3 

Order of Business t 28 

President's Report 6-7 

President's Report, Report of Committee on 20 

Plan for Church Extension, Report of Committee on 14-15 

Pledges in favor of Candidate C. K. Lippard 19 

Parochial Reports 34 

Parochial Reports, Blank Form of 35 

Standing Committees 8-9 

Standing Resolutions 30-33 

South View Orphan Home of United Synod, Co-operation with, 

Resolution on 16 

Standing Resolution No. 23 rescinded 23 

Sermons Preached 28 

State of the Church, Report of Committee on 25-26 

Treasurer's Report 9-12 

Treasurer's Report, Report of Committee on 22 

Time and Place of Next Convention 2,19 

Thanks, Resolution of 24 

Theological Seminary of the United Synod, Non-co-operation 

with, Resolution on 21 

Unfinished Business, Report of Committee on I3 _I 4 

Work of Next Convention, Committee Appointed to Arrange for, 23-24 



MINUTES 



OF THE 

SEVENTY-FIFTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN 

TENNESSEE SYNOD, 

HEIvD IN 

ST. ANDREW'S CHURCH, 
HICKORY, NORTH CAROLINA, 

SEPTEMBER 28 TO OCTOBER 2, 1895. 



HENKEL & CO.'S STEAM PRINTING HOUSE, 

OFFICE OF OUR CHURCH PAPER, SHENANDOAH VALLEY, &C. 

NEW MARKET, SHENANDOAH CO. , VIRGINIA. 



OFFICERS OF SYNOD. 



President— Rev '. P. C. WIRE Tom's Brook, Va. 

Recording Secretary— Rev. J. P. MILLER. . China Grove, N. C. 
Corresponding Secretary — Rev. J. C. MOSER, Hickory, N. C. 
Treasurer— -Rev. R. A. YODER . . .... Hickory, N. C. 



MISSION BOARD. 



Revs. P. C. WIRE and J. P. MILLER. 



STANDING COMMITTEES. 



ON STATE OF THE CHURCH: 
Revs. W. P. CLINE, J. P. STIREWALT, and E. L. LYBRAND. 

ON EXAMINATION: 
Revs. J. R. PETERSON, J. K. EFIRD, J. A. CROMER, J. C. MO- 
SER, J. P. STIREWALT, and E. L. LYBRAND. 



SPECIAL SERMONS FOR NEXT CON V ENTION. 



ORDINATION SER3ION : 

Rev. J. C. MOSER, Principal ; Rev. J. P. STIREWALT, Alternate. 

SACRAMENTAL SERMON : 

Rev. R. A. YODER, Principal ; Rev. D. I. OFFMAN, Alternate. 

CHRISTIAN BENEFICENCE: 
Rev. J. P. MILLER, Principal; Rev. J. J. GEORGE, Alternate. 



TIME AND PLACE OF NEXT CONVENTION. 

The next convention will be held with St. Matthew's congregation, 
Shenandoah county, Va. , beginning on Saturda}-, 10 A. M., before 
the 4th Sunday in August, 1896. 



MINUTES 

OF THE 

SEVENTY-FIFTH ANNUAL CONVENTION 

OF THE 

EVANG. LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



St. Andrew's Church, Hickory, N. C, 

Saturday, io A. M., Sept. 28, 1895. 
According to adjournment of its last convention the Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod met in regular session in 
St. Andrew's church, Hickory, N. C, at 10 o'clock A. M., 
September 28, 1895. 

The opening sermon was preached by Rev. J. F. Moser, 
retiring President ; text, John 17 : 21. 

MINISTERIAL ROLL. 

Rev. J. R. Peterson Dallas, N. C. 

" T. Moser* Mt. Pleasant, N. C. 

" S. Henkel, D. D.* New Market, Va. 

" C. H. Bernkeim Lexington, N. C. 

." J. M. Smith Conover, N. C. 

" Prof. L. A. Bikle, D. D. f King's Mountain, N. C. 

" I. CouderJ McGaheysville, Va. 

" J. N. Stirewalt t Luray, Va. 

" A. L. Grouse Hickory, N. C. 

" J. P. Stirewalt f New Market, Va. 

" Prof. J. C. Moser Hickory, N. C. 

" S. S. Rahn * Monroe, N. C. 

" J. A. Cromer Columbia, S. C. 

" E. L. Lybraudf Summit, S. C. 

" Prof. R. A. Yoder Hickory, N. C. 

*Absent and excused. fAbsent and not excused. JAbsent — action overlooked. 



4 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Rev. Prof. J. S. Koiner* Luray, Va. 

Prof. J. I. Miller, D. D. t Buena Vista, Va. 

D. A. Sox J Edwardsville, Aia. 

D. A. Goodman Connelly Springs, N. C. 

J. W. Hausenfluek* Rockingham, Va. 

Prof. W. P. Cline Hickory, N. C. 

D. J. Settlemyre i Beecham, Ala. 

J. K. Efird Manassas, Va. 

Prof. R. H. Cline * Shenandoah, Va. 

P. C. Wike . . . Tom's Brook, Va. 

D. C. Huffman Hickory, N. C. 

J. P. Price Concord, N. C. 

J. F. Moser Mt. Holly, N. C. 

W. L. Darr Spring Hill, S. C. 

D. I. Offmau ... . . Melanchthon, N. C. 

J. P. Miller China Grove, N. C. 

Jacob Wike . Pinnix, N. C. 

A. R. Beck Hex. N. C. 

S. L. Nease Little Mountain, S. C. 

A. L. Boliek* Headquarters, Va. 

F. C. Oberly * Luray, Va. 

G. E. Long Conover, N. C. 

J. C. Wessinger . Henry, N. C. 

J. J. George Cherryville, N. C. 

Prof. R. L. Fritz Hickory, N. C. 

S. S. KeislerJ Ops, Arkansas. 

W. H. Roof Summit, S. C. 

J. L. Cromer Hickory, N. C. 

E. J. Sox Hickory, N. C. 

CANDIDATES FOR THE MINISTRY. 

Francis K. Roof Columbia, S. C. 

H. Julian Mathias Lexington, S. C. 

J. Allen Arndt Arndt, N. C. 

Cephas K. Lippard Mt. Holly, N. C. 

George A. Riser Tupelo, Miss. 

M. Luther Pence Cootes's Store, Va. 

J. T. Craps Lewiedale, S. C. 

E. L. Wessinger Fairbanks, S. C. 

W. J. Boger Flows, N. C. 

John C. Deitz Hickory, N. C. 

*Absent and excused. fAbsent and not excused. lAbsent — action overlooked. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 5 

BENEFICIARIES. 

E. J. Sox Hickory, N. C. 

George A. Riser Tupelo, Miss. 

M. Luther Pence Cootes's Store, Va. 

LAY-DELEGATES ENROLLED. 

D. Walter Hite— Cedar Grove, St. Paul's, and St. James's, S. C. 
J. S. Wheeler— St. Peter's (P. W.), S. C. 

J. W. Summer— St. John's, S. C. 

B. D. Wessisger— St. Jacob's, Bethlehem, St. Thomas, and Mt. Ho- 
reb, S. C. 

J. T. Fogleman — Mt. Pleasant, Alamance county, N. C. 
W. W. Fry — Friendship, Alexander county, N. C. 
S. L. Blackwelder — Salem, Alexander county, N.^C. 
A. A. Boliek — Shiloh, Alexander county, N. C. 

E. A. Chapman — St. Paul's, Alexander county, N. C. 
L. J. Yount — Philadelphia, Caldwell county, N. C. 
W. C. Corpeuing— Mt. Zion, Caldwell county, N. C. 
M. H. Bolch— Trinity, Caldwell county, N. C. 

J. L. Bost— St. Martin's, Cabarrus county, N. C. 
G. W. Rabb— St. James's, Catawba county, N. C. 

F. A. Yoder — Grace, Catawba county, N. C. 

C. L. Coon — Concordia, Catawba county, N. C. 
N. E. Sigman— St. John's, Catawba county, N. C. 
M. D. Miller— St. Paul's, Catawba county, N. C. 

S. E. Spenser — St. Stephen's, Catawba county, N. C. 

Noah Hahn — Zion, Catawba county, N. C. 

J. W. Mouser — Holy Trinity, Catawba county, N. C. 

D. P. Yount — Newton, Catawba county, N. C. 
Solomon Rudisill — Sardis, Catawba county, N. C. 
J. F. Holler — Bethel, Catawba county, N. C. 

J. A. Yount — St. Timothy's, Catawba county, N. C. 
Jacob Seaboch — Mt. Olive, Catawba county, N. C. 
Wm. Yoder — St. Andrew's, Catawba county, N. C. 
Everette Conrad — Pilgrim, Davidson county, N. C. 
Washington Beck — Beck's Church, Davidson county, N. C. 
Haley Myers — Emmanuel, Davidson county, N. C. 
W. A. Beck — New Jerusalem, Davidson county, N. C. 
W. L- Grimes — Holly Grove, Davidson county, N. C. 
M. S. Rudisill— St. Mark's, Gaston county, N. C. 
P. M. Rhyne — Philadelphia, Gaston county, N. C. 



6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

W. W. Stroup — Lutheran Chapel, Gaston county, N. C. 

M. L. Rudisill— St. John's, Gaston county, N. C. 

G. E. C. Pasour — Antioch, Gaston county, N. C. 

Jacob Jenkins — Christ's Church, Gaston county, N. C. 

A. P. Rhyne— Mt. Holly, Gaston county, N. C. 

D. Coble— Coble, Guilford county, N. C. 

J. P. Collins— St. Martin's, Iredell county, N. C. 

J. S. Fry— St. John's, Iredell county, N. C. 

O. B. Sain — Daniel's, Lincoln county, N. C. 

J. S. Goodman — Trinity, Lincoln county, N. C. 

A. Costner — Salem, Lincoln county, N. C. 

J. P. Smith — Sharon, Lincoln county, N. C. 

R. W. Jones — Melanchthon, Randolph county, N. C. 

J. S. Lipe — Mt. Moriah, Rowan county, N. C. 

J. C. Hinson— St. Mark's, Rowan county, N. C. 

N. P. Efird— St. Martin's, Stanley county, N. C. 

Jacob Townsend — Friendship, Watauga county, N. C. 

H. A. Davis — Mt. Pleasant, Watauga county, N. C. 

Elon O. Henkel — Emmanuel, New Market, Va. 

D. F. Efird— Zion's church, S. C. 

Q. M. Smith— St. Peter's, Catawba county, N. C. 

M. R. Bost— St. Martin's, Catawba county, N. C. 

W. H. Roof — Emmanuel's, Lexington county, S. C. 

Two delegates having presented credentials of election 
from St. Paul's congregation, Catawba county, N. C, the 
following committee on credentials was appointed : Revs. J. 
K. Efird and P. C. Wike, and Messrs. J. S. Lipe, P. M. 
Rhyne, and N. P. Efird. 

Rev. J. F. Moser, President of Synod for the synodical 
year now past, read his annual report. 

PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

Dear Brethren in Christ : — In the blessing of God another syn- 
odical year has gone by ; its labors and toils, its sorrows and trials, 
its successes and failures are now in the past. 

We meet today in the 75th annual convention of the Tennessee 
Synod with many things for which we can and ought to be thankful 
to Almighty God, whose ever watchful care has been over us, and di- 
rected, cheered, and sustained us. 

The invincible hand of death has been laid upon us and called from 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 7 

time to eternity one of our members. Stricken with fever, Rev. J. A. 
Rudisill, on July 21st, surrendered his spirit to God. In the midst of 
his labors, in the full vigor and strength of his manhood, the call of 
the Master came to him, summoning him to his reward. We can 
not help but exclaim, "How unsearchable are his judgments and his 
ways past finding out.'" 

OFFICIAL ACTS. 

I have issued orders on the Treasurer of Synod for the following : 
Order in favor of Rev. A. L. Crouse, $120; Henkel & Co., $25 ; Rev. 
D. A. Sox, $150 ; Rev. D. A. Sox, $87 ; S. S. Keisler, beneficiary, 
$70 ; J. L. Cromer, beneficiary, $49.05 ; Geo. A. Riser, beneficiary, 
$24 ; E. J. Sox, beneficiary, $70. 

RESIGNATIONS. 

During December, 1894, Rev. J. G. Schaid notified me that he had 
resigned St. Peter's (P. W.) ; and during the same month Rev. D. J. 
Settlemyre notified me that he had resigned the Rowan charge, con- 
sisting of Mt. Moriah and St. Mark's. 

Early in January, 1895, Rev. W. L. Darr notified me that he had 
resigned his charge, consisting of St. Jacob's, St. Thomas, Bethlehem, 
and Mt. Horeb. 

On the 3d Suuday in January, I resigned St. Luke's, Monroe, N. C. 

On the 21st of January, Prof. S. S. Rahn notified me that he had 
resigned Lutheran Chapel, Gaston county, N. C, to take effect April 
1st, and also that he had given up the mission at Ljncolnton, N. C. 

On Nov. 30, 1894, Rev. Jacob Wike notified me that he had re- 
signed Beck's, New Jerusalem, and Emmanuel's, Davidson county, 
N. C. 

On June 14, 1895, Rev. J. C. Moser notified me that he had resigned 
Philadelphia, Caldwell county, N. C. 

CALLS ACCEPTED AND INSTALLATIONS. 

Rev. J. P. Miller having accepted a call to the Rowan charge, was 
duly installed on the first Sunday in June, 1895, by myself. 

Rev. R. H. Cliue having been called to St. Paul's church, Page 
county, Va., I requested Rev. J. P. Stirewalt to install him as pastor 
of said church, and was notified by Pastor Stirewalt that he had per- 
formed the service. 

Rev. D. J. Settlemyre having accepted a call to St. Michael's, Ala- 
bama, was duly installed by Pastor D. A. Sox at my request. 

Other calls have been extended and accepted, but so far I have 
heard of no other installations. 



8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

I have, during the year, received two reports of the class standing 
of beneficiary Geo. A. Riser. These both showed commendable prog- 
ress in his studies. I am sorry that he was forced to be absent from 
school a while on account of Synod's failure to pay the amount ap- 
propriated to him when needed. 

I have received no reports from our other beneficiaries. 

Early in July, 1895, I received a communication from D. I. Hen- 
drix, Secretary of St. Paul's congregation, Hot Springs county, Ark., 
notifying me that said congregation had withdrawn from the E. L. 
Tennessee Synod, with a view of connecting itself with the English 
Missouri Synod. 

About the same time I received a letter from Rev. S. S. Keisler, 
asking me for a letter of honorable dismissal from the E. L. Tennes- 
see Synod, but as he did not tell me where he was going, and as the 
President has no authority to give any such letter, I submit his re- 
quest, together with the letter from the congregation above referred 
to, for the consideration of Synod ; recommending, however, with 
regard to Rev. S. S. Keisler, that he be notified of the regulation of 
the E. L. Tennessee Synod in regard to the repayment of the amounts 
paid to him as a beneficiary ; as he fails to comply with the rule re- 
quiring him to preach within the Tennessee Synod five years. • 

RECOMMENDATIONS. 

1. That a committee of three pastors and two laymen be appointed 
to prepare a suitable memorial to the memory of our departed brother, 
Rev. J. A. Rudisill. 

2. That the Synod elect a Secretary of Missions. 

3. That as the committee, appointed at last session of Synod, has 
discharged its duty, and given to the church the report requested, we 
do take some positive stand on the question of "Election," and thus 
bring harmony and affiliation among ourselves. 

Now praying God's blessing upon us all, and earnestly beseeching 
his guidance in all the matters and questions for our consideration at 
this convention of our dear old Synod, I turn over to you the trust 
committed to my hands for one year. 

Fraternally, J. F. MOSER, 

Pres. E. L. Tennessee Synod. 

OFFICERS OF SYNOD FOR THE ENSUING YEAR. 
The following were elected : 

Rev. P. C. Wike, President. 

Rev. J. P. Miller, Recording Secretary. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 9 

Rev. J. C. Moser, Corresponding Secretary. 
Rev. R. A. Yoder, Treasurer. 
After a few well chosen remarks, the President elect took 
his seat. 

The following were appointed a Committee on Classifica- 
tion of Papers: Revs. D. I. Offman and G. E. Eong. 

Synod adjourned till 2 o'clock. Benediction by the Pres- 
ident. 

SECOND SESSION. 



Saturday, 2 o'clock P. M. 

Synod met, President in the chair, roll called. 

The presence of the following ministers was noted : Revs. 
Prof. H. K. G. Doermann, G. R. Wannamacher, C. D. 
Besch, M. L. Carpenter, B. L,. Westenbarger, and J. M. 
Senter, of the Ohio Synod ; Revs. Profs. W. H. T. Dau and 
R. W. Huebsch of the Missouri Synod; Rev. J. L,. Deaton 
of the Synod of the Northwest. 

COMMITTEES APPOINTED BY THE PRESIDENT. 

On the State of the Church.— Revs. W. P. Cline, J. P. 
Stirewalt, and E. L. Ly brand. 

On President's Report. — Revs. D. I. Offman, Wm. E. Darr, 
and Mr. A. Costner. 

On Examination. — Revs. J. R. Peterson, J. K. Efird, J. 
A. Cromer, J. C. Moser, J. P.- Stirewalt, and E. E. Lybrand. 

On Letters and Petitions. — Revs. D. A. Goodman, S. E. 
Nease, and A. R. Beck. 

On Unfinished Business. — Rev. W. P. Cline, Messrs. Elon 
O. Henkel and A. P. Rhyne. 

On Clmrch Institutions . — Revs. R. E- Fritz, Jacob Wike, 
and G. E. Eong. 

On Treasurer s Report. — Revs. J. C. Wessinger, J. J. 
George, and Mr. Geo. W. Rabb. 



IO MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

On Application for Absence. — Revs. R. A. Yoder and J. 
A. Cromer. 

Reports of committee appointed at last convention of 
Synod to draw up and have published in Our Church Paper 
a declaration of the position of the Tennessee Synod on the 
doctrine of Election were read, the majority report by Rev. 
Prof. R. A. Yoder, and the minority by Rev. A. L,. Crouse. 
Both reports were received and considered, and, after some 
discussion, the following was offered and adopted in lieu of 
both: 

Resolved, That as a substitute for the reports of committee now 
before the house, this Synod hereby reaffirms her adherence to the 
Confessions of the Church on the subject of Election. 

Immediately after the adoption of the preceding resolution, 
the following was offered, and, after considerable discussion, 
adopted by a vote of 52 vs. 23 : 

On the controverted subject of Election, the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod makes the following declaration : 

Resolved, That inasmuch as the phrase, in view of faith, has been 
commonly used by the soundest theologians of the Lutheran church 
in speaking of the particular election of individual men ; and inas- 
much as this Synod has approved and continues to approve this mode 
of teaching on election by recommending without qualification to our 
theological students such books as Hutter's Compend, Schmid's Dog- 
matics, Krauth's Conservative Reformation : therefore this body can 
not, and does not, by any action here taken, condemn the phrase, in 
view of faith ; but on the other hand, we reject the expression, elected 
unto faith, as a phrase peculiar to Calvinistic theology, and prior to 
the last fifteen years, almost unknown in the past history of the Lu- 
theran church. 

The yeas and nays were called for on the preceding reso- 
lution, and the vote stands as follows : 

Yeas.— J. R. Peterson, J. C. Moser, J. A. Cromer, R. A 
Yoder, W. P. Cline, J. P. Price, J. F. Moser, W. h. Darr 
J. P. Miller, A. R. Beck, S. L. Nease, J. C. Wessinger, J 
J. George, R. L. Fritz, D. Walter Hite, J. S. Wheeler, J 
W. Summer, B. D. Wessinger, S. h. Blackwelder, L,. J 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. II 

Yount, W. C. Corpening, J. L> Bost, G. W. Rabb, F. A. 
Yoder, Noah Hahn, J. W. Mouser, D. P. Yount, Solomon 
Rudisill, Jacob Seaboch, Wm. Yoder, Everette Conrad, 
Washington Beck, Haley Myers, W. A. Beck, W. F. Grimes, 
M. S. Rudisill, P. M. Rhyne, W. W. Stroup, G. E. C. Pa- 
sour, Jacob Jenkins, A. P. Rhyne, J. P. Collins, J. S. Fry, 
J. S. Goodman, A. Costner, J. S. Fipe, J. C. Hinson, N. P. 
Efird, Jacob Townsend, H. A. Davis, M. D. Miller, and W. 
H. Roof— 52. 

Nays.— C. H. Bernheim, J. M. Smith, A. F- Crouse, D. 
A. Goodman, J. K. Efird, D. C. Huffman, D. I. Offman, 
G. E. Long, J. T. Fogleman, W. W. Fry, E. A. Chapman, 
M. H. Bolch, C. F. Coon, N. E. Sigman, S. E. Spenser, 
J. F. Holler, J. A. Yount, M. F- Rudisill, D. Coble, O. B. 
Sain, J. A. Rice, R. W. Jones, and Elon O. Henkel— 23. 

Rev. Jacob Wike was excused from voting on the above 
resolution. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CREDENTIALS. 

We, the Committee on Credentials, appointed to decide which one 
of the contesting delegates of St. Paul's church, Catawba county, N. 

C, shall be seated, after hearing the evidence of a number of wit- 
nesses in regard to the condition of affairs in St. Paul's congregation, 
do hereby make our decision in favor of seating M. D. Miller as a 
delegate of this body. We therefore recommend that his name be 
recorded as the legal delegate of St. Paul's congregation. 

J. K. EFIRD, 
J. S. LIPE, 
P. M.' RHYNE, 
N. P. EFIRD. 
The recommendation of committee was sustained, and M. 

D. Miller seated as delegate. 

CALENDAR ADOPTED FOR THIS CONVENTION. 

Business session from 9 o'clock to 11 A. M. Sermon at 
11. Recess till 2. Business session from 2 o'clock till ad- 
journment, the hour for adjournment not being fixed. 

Synod adjourned. Prayer and benediction by Rev. D. A. • 
Goodman. 



12 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



THIRD SESSION. 



Monday Morning, 9 A. M., Sept. 30. 

Synod opened with religious services conducted by Rev. 
W. L,. Darr. President in the chair. Roll called. Min- 
utes of Saturday's sessions read, corrected, and adopted. 

At the request of Rev. J. K. Efird, the following resolu- 
tion was passed : 

Resolved, That Rev. J. K. Efird be allowed to explain in a foot-note 
his vote on the resolution relative to the doctrine of Election. 

The following resolution was offered : 

Resolved, That this Synod appoint a committee of five, two minis- 
ters and three laymen, namely : Revs. J. K. Efird, J. A. Cromer, and 
Messrs. A. Costner, H. A. Davis, and W. A. Beck, whose duty it shall 
be to see and confer with pastors J. M. Smith, C. H. Bernheim, A. L. 
Crouse, G. E. Long, and D. C. Huffman, who have not been for sev- 
eral years in affiliation, fellowship, and co-operation with this Synod, 
and ascertain what will be their attitude towards this body in the fu- 
ture, and report to this session of Synod. 

The resolution was adopted, and the committee appointed. 
The Treasurer's Report was read by the Secretary, re- 
ceived, and referred to the proper committee. 

TREASURER'S REPORT. 

R. A. YODER, Treasurer, 

In Account with the 
Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod. 
Dr. 
To amt. of Rev. J. J. George's charge : Sept. 22, 1894, $16.00; 

June 14, 1895, 10.00 $ 26 00 

To amt. of Rev. W. L. Darr's charge: Sept. 22, '94, $28.91 ; 

March 10, '95, 3.00 31 91 

To amt. of Rev. J. M. Smith's charge : Sept. 22, '94, Minutes 2 00 
To amt. of Rev. J. A. Rudisill's charge : Sept. 22, '94, $38.30; 
Nov. 5, '94, 2.70; April 4, '95, 5.76; May 22, '95, 

3-35 50 11 

To amt. of Rev. A. R. Beck's charge: Sept. 24, '94, $12.70; 

June 25, '95, 7.20 19 90 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 13 

To amt. of Rev. W. P. Cline's charge: Sept. 24, '94, $10.00; 

Oct. 5, '94, 5.75 ; Nov. 26, '94, 1.50 ; Jan. 7, '95, .80 $18 05 
To amt. of Rev. J. A. Cromer's charge : Sept. 24, '94, $41.21 ; 

Jan. 4, '95, 2.10 . . 43 31 

To amt. of Rev. S. L. Nease's charge : Sept. 24, '94 19 10 

To amt. of Rev. J. F. Moser's charge: Sept. 24, '94, $5.00; 

Feb. 22, '95, 5.00; April 30, '95, 2.67 12 67 

To amt. of Rev. S. Henkel's charge : Sept. 24, '94 12 00 

To amt. of Rev. G. E. Long, Sept. 24, '94, Ordination Cert. . 25 

To amt. of Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, Oct. 15, '94, former Treas. 45 44 

To amt. of Rev. D. A. Goodman's charge, Oct. 15, '94 .... 3 40 
To amt. of Rev. J. P. Miller's charge : Oct. 15, '94, $9.50 ; Jan. 

7. '95. 300 ; Aug. 4, '95, 10.00 22 50 

To amt. of Rev. R. A. Yoder's charge: Oct 16, '94, $14.50; 

Nov. 11, '94, 2.73 ; Dec. 2, '94, 10.00; Dec. 6, '94, 

5.60; Mar. 10, '95, 1.86; Aug. 4, '95, 6.00; Sept. 

16, '95, 2.00 42 69 

To amt. of Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge : Nov. 5, '94, $21.00; 

April 30, '95, 5.65 ; May 28, '95, 10.00 ; July 30, 

'95, 9.00 45 65 

To amt. of Rev. Jacob Wike's charge, Nov. 7, '94 6 50 

To amt. of Rev. D. J. Settlemyre's charge, Nov. 20, '94 ... 15 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. G. Schaid's charge, Nov. 26, '94 20 00 

To amt. of Rev. S. S. Rahu's charge, Dec. 6, '94 8 00 

To amt. of Rev. J. C. Moser's charge : Dec. 13, '94, $10.00 ; 

April 4, '95, 23.00 ; Sept. 13, '95 (St. Paul's) 5.00 38 00 
To amt. of Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt's charge : Dec. 13, '94, $7.08 ; 

Aug. 29, '94, 5.00 12 08 

To amt. of Rev. J. P. Price's charge: Dec. 18, '94, $13.10; 

Feb. 4, '95, 5.00; May 8, '95, 6.73 2483 

To amt. of Rev. A. L. Boliek's charge, Dec. 29, '94 11 66 

To amt. of Rev. P. C. Wike's charge, Aug. 15, '95 5 00 

To amt. of Rev. A. L,. Crouse's charge, Sept. 16, '95 31 00 

To amt. of Rev. W. L. Darr, Pastors' Fund, Sept. 22, '94 . . 2 85 

To amt. of Rev. J. G. Schaid, Pastors' Fund, Nov. 26, '94 . . 4 00 

To amt. of Mr. H. A. Davis, personal, Jan. 1, '95 5 00 

To amt. of Mr. Arthur M. Pence, refunded to Synod, Jan. 4, 

'95. $5-oo ; May 13, '95, 20.00 25 00 

To amt. of Miss Sarah E. Minnick, personal, April 30, '95 . . 50 

To amt". of Mr. Edward Sigman, personal, Nov. 5, '94 . . . . 75 

$605 15 



14 minutes of evangelical lutheran tennessee synod. 

Cr. 

By arat. paid Rev. A. L,. Crouse, on salary as Theological Pro- 
fessor, Sept. 25, '94, $100.00 ; Sept. 16, '95, 20.00, $120 00 

By amt. paid Henkel & Co., on account for printing Minutes 

of Synod of 1893, Sept. 26, '94 25 00 

By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox, salary as missionary in Ala., for 
i892-'93, Sept. 25, '94, $56.00 ; Oct. 5, '94, 39.99 ; 
Nov. 30, '94, 20.00 ; Dec. 8, '94, 34.00 149 99 

By amt. paid Rev. D. A. Sox, salary as missionary in Ala., for 
1893-94. Jan. 7, '95, $17.00; April 25, '95, 30.00; 
July 8, '95, 15.00; Aug. 6, '95, 25.00 87 00 

By amt. paid Rev. S. S. Keisler, on bal. due him by appropri- 
ation of 1893, Sept. 27, '94, $10.00; Oct. 5, '94, in 
full, 60.00 70 00 

By amt. paid Mr. E. J. Sox, bal. in full of appropriation of 

1893, Nov. 22, '94 20 00 

By amt. paid Mr. J. L. Cromer, bal. in full of appropriation of 

1893, Jan. 4, '95 39 55 

By amt. paid Mr. E. J. Sox, on appr. 1894, May 24, '95 . . . 30 00 

By amt. paid Mr. G. A. Riser, on appro. 1894, June 1, '95 . . 24 00 

By amt. paid Mr. E. J. Sox, in full of appro. 1894, Sept. 19, '95 20 00 

By amt. paid Mr. J. L. Cromer, on appro, for 1894, Sept. 19, '95 9 50 

By amt. paid for postage and exchange on checks, various 

items, Sept. 19, '95 1 12 

By amt. of cash on hand, belonging to the fund for aged and 

infirm pastors, Sept. 19, '95 8 99 

$605 15 

The obligations of Synod, as yet unpaid, are as follows : 

To Rev. A. T,. Crouse, on salary $80 00 

To Rev. D. A. Sox, on salary 18 01 

To Henkel & Co., bal. on printing Minutes 1893 . 28 20 
To Henkel & Co.. printing Minutes 1894 . . . . 68 10 
To Mr. G. A. Riser, on appropriation 1894 .... 36 00 
To Mr. J. L. Cromer, on appropriation 1894 ... 20 50 
To Rev. A. L. Crouse, % month Theo. Professor 25 00 
To Rev. A. Iv. Crouse, printing 200 paroch. blanks 2 00 

R. A. YODER, Treasurer 

E. L. Tennessee Synod. 

Since closing the above report, the following amounts have been 
received : 



minutes of evangelical lutheran tennessee synod. 1 5 

1895. Dr. 

To amt. of balance above reported $ 8 99 

Sept. 28. To amt. of Rev. J. P. Miller's charge : St. Mark's, 

$5.00 ; Mt. Moriah, $5.00 10 00 

Rev. F. C. Oberly's charge : St. Mark's 5 00 

Rev. J. F. Moser's charge : Lineolnton, $4.40; Mt. 

Holly, $8.50 12 90 

Rec'dof Rev. J. Paul Stirewalt, for the fund for 

aged and infirm ministers 5 00 

Rev. J. J. George's pastorate : Aged and infirm min- 
isters' fund, $5.70; Syn. Fund, St. John's $5.00 . 10 70 
" Rev. W. P. Cline's charge: St. Martin's, $3.00 ; 

Mt. Olive, $10.00 13 00 

Rev. J. R. Peterson's charge 30 00 

" Rev. W. L. Darr's charge : Bethlehem ....*. 6 50 

<l Rev. J. L. Cromer's charge: Shiloh, $6.00; St. 

Timothy, $6.oS 12 oS 

" Rev. J. C. Moser's charge: Zion, $5.00; Holy Trin- 
ity, $10.00 15 00 

Rev. A. R. Beck's charge : New Jerusalem, $1.20; 
Holly Grove, $1.35 ; Emmanuel, $1.80 ; Pilgrim's, 

$2.90; Beck's, I1.37 8 62 

" Rev. L. A. Bikle's charge : St. Mark's 2 00 

Total amount on hand 139 79 

Total amount of Pastors' Fund 19 69 

Total amount in general treasury $120 10 

R. A. YODER, Treasurer 

E. L,. Tennessee Synod. 
The following resolution passed : 

Resolved, That Rev. J. M. Smith be credited with $13.00 paid Rev. 
D. A. Sox, missionary in Alabama, sometime in the fall of 1894, and 
that Rev. Sox be charged with the same. 

By motion, Rev. W. A. L.utz, Corresponding Delegate 
from the North Carolina Synod, was received. He made 
an address conveying fraternal greetings from the North 
Carolina 'Synod to this body.. The President made a short 
response. 

Report of Committee on President's Report was read and 
received for consideration by items : 



l6 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON PRESIDENT'S REPORT. 

We, the committee appointed on President's Report, submit the 
following : We find the report well prepared. It shows that he has 
had a diligent watch over the general work of the Synod, and deserves 
credit for the faithful discharge of his duty. 

i. In regard to Rev. S. S. Keisler, we recommend that the Treas- 
urer investigate his case, and if he withdraw from Synod, he request 
Rev. Keisler to refund the amounts received from Synod, as a bene- 
ficiary, because of a failure to comply with Synod's regulation. 

2. The President calls attention to the death of Rev. J. A. Rudisill, 
and recommends that a committee of three pastors be appointed to 
draft suitable resolutions to his memory. We recommend that this 
be done. 

3. We recommend that the President's recommendation as to Syn- 
od's appointing a Secretary of Missions, be sustained, and that such 
officer be elected, provided Synod can raise the means. 

4. In reference to the President's recommendation as to taking a de- 
cided position on the report of the committee to prepare the Synod's 
position on Election, we deem any recommendation from this com- 
mittee as unnecessary as Synod has already taken action on report of 
the committee. ' D. I. OFFMAN, 

WM. L. DARR, 
A. COSTNER. 
Item i. Recommendation sustained. 

Item 2. Recommendation sustained, and the following 
committee appointed : Revs. J. C. Wessinger, W. P. Cline, 
and J. A. Cromer. 

Item 3. Recommendation sustained, and the following 
resolution adopted : 

SECRETARY OF MISSIONS. 

Resolved, That a committee, consisting of Revs. J. F. Moser, R. A. 
Yoder, and J. P. Miller, be appointed to secure, if possible, a suitable 
man as Secretary of Missions for this Synod ; and if in their judg- 
ment such Secretary can be sustained, that this committee be empow- 
ered to secure his services, and put him in the field.. 

Item 4. No action necessary. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

Time for divine service had arrived, but by vote of Syn- 
od the regular calendar was suspended, and preaching post- 
poned till tonight. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 17 

The following report was read and received for considera- 
tion item by item : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON LETTERS AND PETITIONS. 

We, your Committee on Letters and Petitions, beg leave to report 
that the following papers, addressed to Synod, have been placed into 
our hands : 

I. PETITIONS PRAYING FOR ORDINATION. 

A, B, and Care petitions from St. Timothy, Shiloh, and Philadel- 
phia congregations, North Carolina, praying for the examination, and, 
if found qualified, the ordination of candidate J. L. Cromer, who is 
now serving them. We recommend that the petitions be granted. 

D is a petition from St. John's congregation, South Carolina, pray- 
ing for the examination, and, if qualified, the ordination of -candidate 
W. H. Roof, who is now serving them. We recommend that the pe- 
tition be granted. 

E is a petition from Cedar Grove, St. Paul's, and St. James's con- 
gregations, South Carolina, praying for the examination, and, if quali- 
fied, the ordination of candidate E. J. Sox, whom they have called, to 
take effect as soon as the present school year ends. We recommend 
that the petition be granted. 

II. PETITIONS OF CONGREGATIONS PRAYING TO BE RECEIVED INTO 

THIS SYNOD. 

A is a petition from Lebanon congregation, Davidson county, North 
Carolina, stating that they have adopted the constitution recom- 
mended by the North Carolina Conference of the Evangelical Luther- 
an Tennessee Synod, asking to be received into connection,with this 
Synod. We recommend that this petition be granted. 

B is a petition from St. Martin's congregation, Maiden, North Caro- 
lina, stating that they have adopted the constitution recommended by 
the North Carolina Conference of the Evangelical Lutheran Tennes- 
see Synod, asking to be received into connection with this Synod. 
We recommend that this petition be granted. 

III. PETITIONS FROM CONGREGATIONS PRAYING FOR WITHDRAWAL 

FROM SYNOD. 

A is a petition from Holy Trinity E. L. church, Little Mountain, 
South Carolina, asking to be released from further connection with 
this Synod. We recommend that the petition be granted, and that it 
be read before Synod. 



l8 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

B is a letter from St. Paul's congregation, Hot Springs county, 
Arkansas, stating that they deem it best now to withdraw from the 
Synod, in order to unite with the English Missouri Synod. We rec- 
ommend that Synod advise said congregation against such action. 

IV. LETTERS ASKING SYNOD FOR APPROPRIATIONS. 

A is a letter from Rev. D. A. Sox, Edwardsville, Alabama, stating 
that his expenses for traveling, etc., exceed the amount received from 
the Sunday-schools by $60.00, and asks for an appropriation by Synod 
to the amount of $50.00. We recommend that Synod do not make 
such appropriation. 

B is a letter from student H. A. Costner, seeking aid from this 
Synod in preparing for the ministry. We recommend that his letter 
be placed into the hands of the Examining Committee. 

C is a letter from student Geo. A. Riser, Newberry, S. C, asking 
for an appropriation of $75.00 for this year. We recommend that 
this appropriation be made. 

V. LETTERS FROM PASTORS ASKING TO BE EXCUSED. 

A is a letter from Prof. J. S. Koiner, stating that he is unable to 
attend Synod for lack of means. We recommend that he be excused. 

B is a letter from Dr. S. S. Rahn, in which he states that, owing to 
the want of funds, he is not able to attend Synod. We recommend 
that he be excused. 

C is a letter from Rev. J. P. Stirewalt, asking Synod to excuse his 
absence. He claims as excuses lack of funds and church work. We 
recommend that he be not excused. 

D is a letter from Rev. T. Moser, asking Synod to excuse him. 
He states that his feeble health would not justify his attending Synod. 
We recommend that he be excused. 

E is a letter from Rev. A. L. Boliek, stating that for want of funds 
and on account of distance he cannot attend this convention of. Synod, 
and asks to be excused. We recommend that he be excused. 

F is a letter from Rev. J. W. Hausenfluck, stating that on account 
of ill health and want of funds he is unable to attend Synod, and asks 
to be excused. We recommend that he be excused. 

G is a letter from Rev. S. Henkel, D. D., stating that on account 
of feeble health he is unable to attend this meeting of Synod, and 
asks to be excused. We recommend that he be excused. 

VI. MISCELLANEOUS. 

A is a petition from Rev. S. L. Nease, asking for a letter of trans- 
fer to the South Carolina Synod. We recommend that the letter of 
transfer be granted. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 19 

B is a petition from Rev. S. S. Keisler, asking for an honorable 
dismissal from this Synod. We recommend that his request be not 
granted. 

C is a petition from St. Matthew's congregation, Shenandoah 
county, Va., praying this Synod to hold its next annual convention 
with said congregation. We recommend that Synod accept the invi- 
tation. 

D is a letter from Hon. H. A. Meetze relative to the seventy-fifth 
anniversary of this Synod. No action necessary. 

E is a letter from Rev. J. J. George, asking that while his appor- 
tionment was $25.00, yet since he served only one of the churches and 
raised $15.00 of the amount, his church be recognized as having raised 
hen full apportionment. We recommend that it be so regarded. 

Item 1 (a, b, c, d, and e). Recommendations sustained. 

Further consideration of this report was postponed, and 
the following report was read, received, and considered item 
by item : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON UNFINISHED BUSINESS. 

. The Committee on Unfinished Business submit the following report : 

1. On page 19, we find that a committee was appointed to formu- 
late and publish a declaration of the position of the Tennessee Synod 
on the doctrine of Election. Has this committee performed its duty ? 

2. On page 22, we find a resolution requiring pastors to contribute 
to the fund for the aid of aged and infirm pastors. Have the pastors 
complied with this resolution ? 

3. On pages 26 and 27, we find that delegates were elected to attend 
the next convention of the United Synod. Did these brethren per- 
form that duty ? 

4. On page 29, we find that Rev. J. C. Moser was requested to fur- 
nish a copy of his Ordination Sermon for publication. Did he do 
this? 

5. On page 24, we find that the committee appointed at the conven- 
tion of Synod in 1893, to confer with the trustees of Lenoir College, 
was continued. Is that committee ready to report ? 

6. On page 23, we find that a committee was continued to formulate 
a plan for church extension. Has the committee performed this duty ? 

Respectfully submitted, 

W. P. CLINE, 
A. P. RHYNE, 
ELON O. HENKEU. 



2° MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAI, LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Item i. Yes. 

Item 2. Complied with by a small minority of the pastors. 

Item 3. Complied with by a very small minority. 

Item 4. Not complied with. 

Item 5. Action deferred. 

Item 6. Complied with, and paper to be returned to 
committee with instructions to the same to report at next 
convention of Synod. 

During the morning session the following delegates ar- 
rived: D. F. Efird from Zion church, South Carolina, and 
Q. M. Smith from St. Peter's, Catawba county, N. C. 

Synod adjourned till 1.30 o'clock P. M. Benediction by 
Rev. J. C. Moser. 



FOURTH SESSION. 



Monday, Sept. 30 — 1.30 P. M. 

Synod having assembled, the Secretary called the roll. 

By action of Synod, R. E. Deal was received as delegate 
from Friendship, Alexander county, N. C, to take the place 
ofW. W. Fry. 

RESOLUTION FIXING TIME OF NEXT CONVENTION. 

Resolved, That when this convention of Synod adjourn, it adjourn 
to meet on Saturday, 10 A. M., before the fourth Sunday in August, 
1896. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON TREASURER'S REPORT. 

We have examined the Treasurer's Report and vouchers, and find 

everything correct. 

J. C. WESSINGER, 

J. J. GEORGE, 
G. W. RABB. 

Rev. J. M. Smith read a protest, signed by himself and 
others, against the action of Synod relative to the doctrine 
of Election. The Chairman ruled that this protest appear 
in the Minutes without any further action of Synod. Ap- 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 21 

peal from the Chair's ruling was made and carried by a vote 
of 49 vs. 20. It was the voice of Synod that owing to the 
nature of the protest it should not appear in the Minutes. 

The yeas and the nays were called for on the preceding 
question, and the following is the result: 

Yeas (i. e., that the Chair's ruling be sustained). — C. H. 
Bernheim, J. M. Smith, A. L,. Crouse, J. K. Efird, D. C. 
Huffman, D. I. Offman, Jacob Wike, G. E. Long, J. T. 
Fogleman, M. H. Bolch, C. L,. Coon, N. E. Sigman, S. E. 
Spenser, J. F. Holler, D. Coble, O. B. Sain, J. A. Rice, R. 
W. Jones, Elon O. Henkel, and Q. M. Smith— 20. 

Nays (i. e., that the Chair's ruling be not sustained). — 
J. R. Peterson, J. C. Moser, J. A. Cromer, R. A. Yoder, 
W. P. Cline, J. P. Price, J. F. Moser, W. L> Darr, J. P. 
Miller, J. C. Wessinger, J.J. George, R. E. Fritz, D. Walter 
Hite, J. S. Wheeler, J. W. Summer, B. D. Wessinger, L,. 
J. Yount, W. C. Corpening, G. W. Rabb, F. A. Yoder, 
Noah Hahn, J. W. Mouser, D. P. Yount, Jacob Seaboch, 
Wm. Yoder, Everette Conrad, Washington Beck, Haley 
Myers, W. A. Beck, W. E- Grimes, M. S. Rudisill, P. M. 
Rhyne, W. W. Stroup, M. E. Rudisill, G. E. C. Pasour, 
Jacob Jenkins, A. P. Rhyne, J. P. Collins, J. S. Fry, J. S. 
Goodman, A. Costlier, J. S. Eipe, J. C. Hinson, N. P. Efird, 
Jacob Townsend, H. A. Davis, M. D. Miller, W. H. Roof, 
and D. F. Efird — 49. 

J. A. Yount and R. E. Deal were excused from voting on 
the preceding question. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON MINISTERS NOT IN 
AFFILIATION WITH SYNOD. 

We, your committee, appointed to hold a consultation with Revs. A. 
L. Crouse, J. M. Smith, C. H. Bernheim, D. C. Huffman, and G. E. 
Long, beg leave to submit the following : We have met the brethren 
and heard their statement in regard to the existing differences on 
Flection. We are sorry to say to this Synod that they declare their 



22 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

unwillingness and positive refusal to commune or in any way co- 
operate with this body under the present condition of affairs. 

Respectfully submitted, J. K. EFIRD, 

J. A. CROMER, 
H. A. DAVIS, 
A. COSTNER, 
W. A. BECK. 
The above report was received for consideration. Pend- 
ing the consideration of the same, Synod adjourned. Ben- 
ediction by Rev. J. P. Miller. 



FIFTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, 9 A. M., Oct. i. 

Synod opened with divine service, conducted by Rev. J. 
P. Price. President in chair, roll called, and minutes of 
yesterday's sessions read, corrected, and adopted. 

Synod resumed . the consideration of report before the 
house on adjournment of previous session. 

Relative to report of committee under consideration, the 
following resolution w T as offered, and, after some discussion, 
was adopted by a vote of 51 vs. 16 : 

RESOLUTION RELATIVE TO MINISTERS NOT IN 
AFFILIATION WITH SYNOD. 

WHEREAS, We have just heard through the committee, appointed 
to confer with them, that Revs. A. L. Crouse, J. M. Smith, C. H. Bern- 
heim, D. C. Huffman, and G. E. Long have positively refused to fel- 
lowship and co-operate with this Synod, it is with regret that we are 
compelled to recognize the fact that these pastors have, by their own 
action, placed themselves in an abnormal relation to this body ; we, 
therefore, in view of this fact, earnestly invite them to return to fel- 
lowship and co-operation with the Synod ; and until they shall have 
done so, it is the sense of this body, that they can have no voice in 
the transaction of this Synod. 

The yeas and the nays on this resolution were called for. 

Yeas. — J. R. Peterson, J. C. Moser, J. A. Cromer, R. A. 
Yoder, D. A. Goodman, W. P. Cline, J. K. Efird, J. P. 
Price, J. F. Moser, W. L. Darr, J. P. Miller, A. R. Beck, 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 23 

S. E- Nease, J. C. Wessinger, J. J. George, R. L. Fritz, D. 
Walter Hite, J. S. Wheeler, J. W. Summer, B. D. Wes- 
singer, E. J. Yount, W. C. Corpening, M. H. Bolch, G. W. 
Rabb, F. A. Yoder, Noah Hahn, J. W. Mouser, D. P. 
Yount, Jacob Seaboch, Wm. Yoder, Everette Conrad, Wash- 
ington Beck, Haley Myers, W. A. Beck, W. L. Grimes, W. 
W. Stroup, M. E. Rudisill, G. E. C. Pasour, A. P. Rhyne, 
J. P. Collins, J. S. Fry, O. B. Sain, J. S. Goodman, A. 
Costner, J. S. Lipe, J. C. Hinson, N. P. Efird, Jacob Town- 
send, H. A. Davis, W. H. Roof, and D. F. Efird— 51. 

Nays. — C. H. Bernheim, J. M. Smith, A. E. Crouse, D. 
C. Huffman, D. I. Offnian, G. E. Eong, J. T. Fogleman, 
R. E. Deal, C. L. Coon, N. E. Sigman, S. E. Spenser, D. 
Coble, J. A. Rice, R. W. Jones, Elon O. Henkel, and O. M. 
Smith — 16. 

The following report was adopted : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON EXAMINATION. 

We, your Committee 011 Examination, report that candidates J. L- 
Cromer, E. J. Sox, and W. H. Roof, who have received calls to the 
office of pastor with petitions for their services, have appeared before 
us, and have been examined with reference to their qualifications to 
bear the office of pastor ; and we, having found them qualified, rec- 
ommend their ordination at the hands of this body. 

J. R. PETERSON, 
J. C. MOSER, 
J. A. CROMER, 
J. K. EFIRD. 

Regular calendar again suspended, and preaching post- 
poned till tonight. 

Report of Committee on Eetters and Petitions was again 
taken up, beginning with item 2. 

Item 2 (a and b). Recommendations sustained. 

M. R. Bost was received as delegate from St. Martin's, 
Maiden, N. C. 

Item 3 (a). Relative to this item, 



24 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Resolved, That in view of the correspondence we advise this con- 
gregation to continue its connection with the Tennessee Synod. 

Item 3 (b). Recommendation sustained. 
Pending the further consideration of this report, Synod 
adjourned till 1.30 P. M. Benediction by Rev. J. K. Efird. 



SIXTH SESSION. 



Tuesday, Oct. i — 1.30 P. M. 

President in chair, roll called, and minutes of previous 
session read and adopted. 

Consideration of Report on Letters and Petitions was con- 
tinued. 

Item 4 (a, b, and c). Recommendations sustained. 

Item 5 (a, b, c, d, e, f, and g). Recommendations sus- 
tained. 

Item 6 (a, b, c, and d). Recommendations sustained. 

The report was adopted as a whole. 

Action relative to item 5 of Report of Committee on Un- 
finished Business was deferred. In answer to this item the 
following report was made : 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE TO CONFER WITH THE 
TRUSTEES OF LENOIR COLLEGE. 

We, your committee, appointed two years ago, and continued a 
year ago, to confer with the Board of Trustees of Lenoir College, with 
a view of bringing it into closer relation with our Synod, beg leave to 
submit that we have conferred with the Board of Trustees of Lenoir 
College, and have received the following overtures, which we submit. 
We recommend that Synod accept the proposition of the Board of 
Trustees of Lenoir College. 

Respectfully submitted, J. A. CROMER. 

The report was adopted, the recommendation of the same 
was sustained, and the following overtures of the Board of 
Trustees of L,enoir College were accepted : 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 25 

ARTICLES OF AGREEMENT. 

In order to effect and maintain permanent relations between Lenoir 
College, Hickory, N. C, and the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee 
Synod; it is agreed to by the parties as follows : — On the part of the 
Board of Trustees of Lenoir College, party of the first part, that in 
consideration of the moral and financial support of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod, and to promote the educational interest 
of the church in her connection, and for the upbuilding of the Re- 
deemer's kingdom, the said Board of Trustees of Lenoir College agree 
that they will grant the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Sjmod, party 
of the second part, the right to nominate seven additional members 
to the present six members of the Board of Trustees of said College, 
who shall be elected by said Board ; and further the said Synod shall 
have the right any time hereafter, to nominate a member to fill any 
vacancy that may occur in the Board, and the member so nominated 
shall be elected by the Board for such vacancy : Provided however if 
at any time a vacancy should occur, and the Synod should fail to 
make a nomination within 18 months after such vacancy should oc- 
cur, the Board proceed to nominate and elect a member to fill such 
vacancy : said action to be subject to the approval of the said Synod 
at its next meeting after such action on the part of the Board. 

The Board agrees further that it will report through its president 
to each regular convention of Synod ; this report to include a full 
statement of the condition of the school, moral, financial, &c. 

The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, party of the second 
part, in consideration of the aforesaid rights and privileges granted 
them by the party of the first part, and to carry out the laudable ob- 
ject set forth herein, agrees to give the said College her hearty moral 
and financial support. 

(Signed President of Board.) J. C. MOSER, PRES. of Board. 

(Signed President of E. L. Tennessee Synod.) 

P. C. WIRE, Pres. of Synod. 

The following were appointed a committee to nominate 
seven additional members for the Board of Trustees of L,e- 
noir College : Revs. R. A. Yoder, J. A. Cromer, and D. I. 
Offman. 

REPORT OF EXAMINING COMMITTEE RELATIVE TO 
MR. M. L. PENCE'S APPLICATION FOR BENE- 
FICIARY AID. 

We, your Committee on Examination, have conferred with Mr. M. 
L. Pence, an applicant for beneficiary aid, and being satisfied as to his 



26 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

motives and qualifications, we recommend that this Synod receive him 
as a beneficiary, and make an appropriation of fioo for his benefit. 

J. R. PETERSON, 
J. C. MOSER, 
J. K. EFIRD, 
J. A. CROMER. 

Beneficiary K. J. Sox was appropriated $50 for this year. 

The names of W. J. Boger and E. L,. Wessinger, both 
now in the Theological Seminary at Philadelphia, and J. C. 
Dietz of Hickory, N. C, were ordered to be placed upon 
the roll of candidates for the ministry. 

Mr. A. Luther Fritz, who desires beneficiary aid, was re- 
ferred to Examining Committee, and, if he sustains a satis- 
factory examination, he is to receive the $50 beneficiary ask- 
ed for. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON NOMINATION OF TRUS- 
TEES OF LENOIR COLLEGE. 

We, your committee, appointed to recommend names to be nomi- 
nated by this Synod for members of the Board of Trustees of Lenoir 
College, present the following names : A. P. Rhyne, Mt. Holly, N. 
C. ; Hon. A. Costner, Lincolnton, N. C. ; Hon. C. M. Efird, Lexing- 
ton, S. C. ; W. A. Beck, McKee, N. C. ; J. M. Rhodes, Cherryville, 
N. C. ; J. S. Lipe, China Grove, N. C. ; H. A. Davis, Brookside, N. C. 

The report was adopted, and the names recommended by 
the committee were nominated. 

REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON CHURCH INSTITUTIONS. 

There are within the bounds of our Synod a goodly number of 
schools, under the care of our pastors and people. As we have re- 
ceived no information from these separate schools except Cherryville 
Academy, we can say very little as to their present condition. Sev- 
eral of our beneficiaries are now in school in Lenoir College, Hickory, 
N. C. This school is now in a very prosperous condition. A goodly 
number of students are in attendance, and the college classes are fuller 
than in any previous term. We learn that Prof. Yoder is teaching 
theology. We recommend that Synod make some provision for hav- 
ing her candidates for the ministry instructed in theology. 

The principal of Cherryville Academy reports that this school is 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 27 

now in very good condition, and is constantly increasing in favor and 
numbers. R. L. FRITZ. 

Resolved, That Synod appoint a committee of two ministers and 
one layman to formulate a plan to carry out the recommendation of 
Committee on Church Institutions relative to theological instruction. 

The following are the committee : Revs. W. L. Darr, J. 
K. Efird, and Mr. Wm. Yoder. 

RESOLUTION RELATIVE TO CONGREGATIONS HAVING 
PASTORS NOT IN AFFILIATION WITH SYNOD. 

Whereas, Certain congregations in connection with this Synod 
have pastors who neither affiliate nor co-operate with the Synod ; 
therefore, 

Resolved, That we earnestly recommend that such congregations 
dismiss said pastors and call others who will affiliate and co-operate 
with us. 

The preceding report was adopted. 

The report of the committee on the death of Rev. J. A. 
Rudisill was adopted by standing vote, as follows : 



N MEMORIAM. 



Rev. J. A. RUDISILL. 



Whereas, The Great Head of the Church, whose judgments 
are unsearchable and whose ways past rinding out, in his infi- 
nite wisdom has removed from our midst our beloved brother, 
Rev. J. A. Rudisill, and taken him from his great and arduous 
work in the church militant to his rewards in the glorious 
church triumphant ; and, 

WHEREAS, In all the dealings of Providence, it is the becom- 
ing duty of his people to acknowledge the hand of God : be it, 
therefore, 

Resolved i. That while we greatly deplore and lament the 
early death of this worthy minister of the Gospel, our coworker 
in the Lord's vineyard, yet we humbly submit and bow to this 
dispensation of the good providence of God. 

Resolved 2. That in the death of Brother Rudisill, this Synod 
has lost a faithful and active member, one who always con- 
tended for her faith, and labored assiduously for her advance- 
ment. 

Resolved 3. That the congregations served by him have lost 
an earnest, efficient, and greatly beloved pastor. 

Resolved 4. That his family is bereft of a good, faithful, and 
devoted husband, an affectionate and loving father. 

Resolved 5. That a copy of these resolutions be sent to the 
bereaved family, and that one page of the Minutes of Synod be 
devoted to his memory, and these resolutions be spread upon it. 

J. C. WESSINGER, 
W. P. CEINE, 
J. A. CROMER. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 29 

Synod adjourned till 9 o'clock to-morrow morning. 
Prayer and benediction by Rev. J. C. Moser. 



SEVENTH SESSION. 



Wednesday, 9 A. M., Oct. 2. 

Synod was opened with religious services by Rev. D. I. 
Offman. The Secretary read minutes of preceding session, 
which were corrected and adopted. 

The following resolution of thanks was adopted : 

Resolved, That we hereby recognize our obligation to the members 
and friends of St. Andrew's, Holy Trinity, St. Stephen's, and Mt. 
Olive congregations for their kindness and hospitality during the ses- 
sions of the Ministerial Colloquium and Synod, and return our hearty 
thanks for the same. 

It was moved and carried that the Report of Committee 
on State of the Church be omitted, owing to absence of 
committee. 

The following report was read and adopted : 

REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE ON THEOLOGICAL 
INSTRUCTION. 

We, your committee appointed to formulate a plan for Theological 
Instruction in Lenoir College, Hickory, N. C, during the present 
syuodical year, would recommend, 

1. That Rev. R. A. Yoder be directed to give instruction to theo- 
logical students, devoting one-third of his time to such instruction. 

2. That he be paid by Synod $ 150 for such services ; or a propor- 
tionate amount, should less time be given to said work. 

WM. L. DARR, 
J. K. EFIRD, 
WM. YODER. 

The following note was ordered to be appended to the 
preceding resolution : 

Resolved, That the friends of this work be^ earnestly invited to 
make special contributions thereto. 



30 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

The following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That the Treasurer of Synod be instructed to pay all ob- 
ligations of Synod pro rata, except the claims of Henkel & Co. and 
Rev. A. L. Crouse for the year 1893, these to be paid first. 

The following resolution was adopted : 

Resolved, That this Synod hereby returns its thanks to Rev. Prof. 
R. A. Yoder for his gratuitous service in teaching theology in Lenoir 
College during the last year. 

The Secretary was instructed by Synod to incorporate in 
Standing Resolutions of Synod the resolution relative to the 
doctrine of Election, and the articles of agreement between 
the Board of Trustees of Lenoir College and this Synod. 

The following resolution was adopted and ordered to be 
placed on the list of Standing Resolutions : 

Resolved, That this Synod recommend to her pastors that they de- 
vote their entire time and energy to the work of the ministry, and 
call upon their people to give them such support as will make it un- 
necessary for them to engage in other professions. 

Another line was ordered to be added in the parochial re- 
ports for restoration, immediately after that for expulsions. 
The following resolution was passed : 

Resolved, That it be made the duty of the chairmen of the different 
Mission Boards to send'in parochial reports for the vacant congrega- 
tions within their bounds. 

A letter was read from Rev. L,. K. Probst, Secretary of 
Board of Missions of the United Synod. Relative to con- 
tents of letter no action was taken, except the following in 
regard to our Alabama Mission : 

Resolved, That we refer our Alabama Mission to the Board of Mis- 
sions of the United Synod, and that we hereby ask our people to aid 
in its support. 

The following corresponding delegates were elected to at- 
tend the next convention of the various synods, respectively : 

The North Carolina Synod — Rev. J. P. Miller; alternate, 
Rev. R. A. Yoder. 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 31 

The South Carolina Synod — Rev. J. A. Cromer ; alternate, 
Wm. L,. Darr. 

The Virginia Synod — Rev. J. N. Stirewalt; alternate, 
Rev. R. H. Cline. 

By action of Synod, it has been made the duty of Rev. J. 

C. Moser, with Rev. J. P. Stirewalt as alternate, to preach 
the Ordination Sermon at next convention of Synod, if such 
is needed. 

The following resolution was adopted, and the Secretary 
instructed to have it placed among the Standing Resolutions 
of Synod : 

Resolved, That the President of Synod, in connection with the 
pastor of the congregation in which Synod is to meet, select subjects 
and speakers for special sermons to be preached at the next annual 
convention, and that a statement of their selection be placed on the 
pages of our Minutes, in connection with the announcement of time 
and place of next convention. 

In compliance with request of preceding resolution, Rev. 
P. C. Wike, President of Synod, and also pastor of congre- 
gation in which next convention is to meet, made the fol- 
lowing selection : 

Sacramental Sermon — Rev. R. A. Yoder; alternate, Rev. 

D. I. Offman. 

On Christian Beneficence — Rev. J. P. Miller; alternate. 
Rev. J. J. George. 

On last night the candidates for ordination recommended 
by the Examining Committee, viz., J. L,. Cromer, E. J. Sox, 
and W. H. Roof, were duly ordained to the office of the 
holy ministry by the officers of Synod. The Ordination 
Sermon was preached by Rev. J. K. Efird. 

As Synod's appropriations are scattered throughout the 
pages of the Minutes, the following summary is made: • 

M. L. Pence, Beneficiary $100.00 

E- J. Sox, Beneficiary 50.00 

George A. Riser, Beneficiary 75-oo 

Rev. Prof. R. A. Yoder, Theological Instructor. . 150.00 



32 MINUTES OF EVANGEUCAE LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD, i 

THE COLLOQUIUM. 

According to arrangement of last convention of Synod, 
a colloquium of the ministers of the Tennessee Synod, to 
consider the doctrine of Election, was held on Thursday 
and Friday before opening of Synod on Saturday. Only the 
ministers of the Tennessee Synod were allowed to take part 
in the discussion, but the public generally were admitted as 
■auditors. 

The subject was discussed at some length on both sides, 
but no agreement was effected. 

Synod adjourned to meet at the time and place already 
selected. Religious services conducted by the President, 
using the service for closing Synod given in the new edition 
of the Church Book. J. P. MILXER, 

Secretary. 



SERMONS PREACHED. 



Opening Sermon — Rev. J. F. Moser ; Saturday, 10 A. M. ; St. John 
17, 21. (Commencement Hall.) 

Saturday, 7 P. M.— Rev. J. A. Cromer ; St. Luke 19, 10. (St. An- 
drew's.) 

Sunday, 10^ A. M.— Rev. P. C. Wike ; The Lord's Supper ; 1 Cor. 
11, 17-25. (Commencement Hall.) 

Sunday, 7 P. M. — Rev. W. A. Lutz ; Eph. 2, 18. (Commencement 
Hall.) 

Sunday, 7 P. M.— Rev. W. L. Darr ; Ps. 27, 4. (Holy Trinity.) 

Sunday, 7 P. M.— Rev. J. J. George; Matt. 5, 1-11. (Methodist 
church.) 

Sunday, 3 P. M.— Rev. J. A. Cromer; St. Luke 19, 10. (St. Tim- 
othy's.) 

Monday, 7 P. M. — Rev. A. R. Beck ; 1 Pet. 4, 10. (Commence- 
ment Hall.) 

Tuesday, 7 P. M.— Rev. J. K. Efird ; 2 Chrou. 31, 20, 21. (Com- 
mencement Hall.) 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 33 



ORDER OF BUSINESS. 



FIRST DAY. 
i. — Devotional exercises by the President. 
2.— Call of Clerical Roll. 

3. — Reception and Enrollment of Lay-Delegates. 
4. — -Reading of President's Report. 
5. — Election of Officers. 
6. --Reception of Advisory Members. 
7. — Reception of Letters and Petitions. 
8. — Appointment of Standing Committees. 
9. — Devotion. 

OTHER DAYS. 

i. — Devotion. 

2.— Calling of Roll. 

3. — Reading and Correction of Minutes. 

4. — Unfinished Business. 

5. — Reports of Standing Committees. 

6. — Report of Special Committees. 

7. — Resolutions. 

8. — New Business. 

9. — Devotion. 



LIST OF CHURCHES IN CONNECTION WITH THE EVAN- 
GELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 



ALABAMA. 

Cleburne County. — St. Michael, Emmanuel. 
Calhoun County. — Zion. 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

Lexington County.— Zion, St. Peter (M.), St. Paul, Cedar Grove, 
St. James, Immanuel, St. Peter (P. W.), St. John, St. Jacob, Bethle- 
hem, St. Thomas, Mt. Horeb, Mt. Tabor, St. John. 

Richland County. — St. Andrew. 

NORTH CAROLINA. 
Alamance County. — Mt. Pleasant. 

Alexander County. — Friendship, Salem, Shiloh, St. Paul. 
Burke County. — Luther, Lutheran Chapel. 
Caldwell County. — Philadelphia, Mt. Zion, Trinity. 



34 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Cabarrus County.— St. Martin, Mt. Gilead. 

Catawba County. — St. James, Grace, Concordia, St. John, St. 
Paul, St. Peter, St. Stephen, Zion, Holy Trinity, Newton, Sardis, 
Bethel, St. Timothy, Mt. Olive, St. Andrew, St. Martin. 

Cleveland County. — St. Matthew. 

Davidson County.— Pilgrim, Beck, Emmanuel, New Jerusalem, 
Holly Grove, Lebanon. 

Gaston County.— St. Mark, Philadelphia, Lutheran Chapel, St. 
John, Antioch, Christ, College Chapel, Mt. Holly. 

Guilford County. — Coble. 

Iredell County.— Sharon, St. Martin, St. John. 

Lincoln County. — Daniel, Trinity, Salem, Bethphage, St. Luke, 
Sharon, Cedar Grove, and David's Chapel. 

Mecklenburg County.— Morning Star. 

Randolph County. — Melanchthon. 

Rowan County.— Mt. Moriah, St. Mark. 

Stanley County. — St. Martin, Zion. 

Union County. — Emmanuel, St. Luke. 

Watauga County. — Mt. Pleasant, Friendship. 

VIRGINIA. 

Augusta County. — St. Paul. 

Rockingham County.— Bethany (St. Jacob), McGaheysville, Trin- 
ity, St. Peter, Rader, St. John, Bethel, St. Paul. 

Prince William County. — Bethel. 

Page County.— St. Paul, St. Luke (Alma), Grace, Mt. Calvary, 
Morning Star, St. Mark, Cedar Point. 

Shenandoah County. — Emmanuel, Mt. Zion, Solomon, St. Mary 
(Pine), Powder Springs, St. Paul, St. Jacob, Zion, St. Matthew, St. 
Stephen, St. David, Mt. Calvary, Morning Star. 

Madison County. — Mt. Nebo. 

CulpepeR County. — Trinity. 

Total, 1 1 6. 



STANDING RESOLUTIONS. 



Resolved i. That each of our pastors is required to present to his 
people the educational and missionary work of Synod, to teach his 
people the duty of Christian giving, to take up in each of his congre- 
gations collections for the general work of the Church, and to report 
at each regular convention of our Synod ; and that in the case of pas- 
tors failing to do this, inquiry shall be made, and unless satisfactory 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 35 

reasons be rendered, such pastor, after the first and second admoni- 
tion, may be subject to the censure of this Synod. 

Resolved 2. That the Council of each congregation be requested to 
send, to each Annual Meeting of the Synod, a written report of the 
condition of the congregation. 

WHEREAS, The ancient Lutheran custom of thoroughly catechis- 
ing those who propose to become members of our communion, pre- 
vious to their confirmation, is, in some places, falling into disuse, 
and rather a loose custom of receiving uncatecbised persons into the 
Church, without the slightest examination of them in regard to their 
religious knowledge and other qualifications for church membership, 
has been practiced by some ; be it, therefore, 

Resolved 3. That we earnestly recommend all our ministers and 
congregations in future to see to it, that, if it can possibly be done, all 
who make application for church membership be thoroughly instruct- 
ed, by Catechisation in the doctrines and usages of our Church, pre- 
vious to their confirmation. But, in such extraordinary cases, as 
when persons of age and experience make application, or such young 
persons as have been so favorabty situated as to have had opportuni- 
ties to become acquainted with and to have informed themselves of 
our doctrines and customs, seek church privileges, we recommend 
that their request be granted ; but, in no case, until such persons have 
been examined by the pastor, before the council, and have been ap- 
proved by them. 

Resolved 4. That the ministers of our connection be requested to 
endeavor to get up and encourage Sunday-schools in all of their con- 
gregations and report their success to the Committee on the State of 
the Church, some time previous to each annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 5. That the Committee on the State of the Church be re- 
quired to make every reasonable effort, during the synodical year, to 
ascertain the condition of all the congregations in our connection, and 
report the same to the annual meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 6. That it be the duty of the President, with the consent 
of the pastor elect and congregation, to appoint a committee of instal- 
lation, in all succeeding changes in the pastoral relations in our Syn- 
od, to perform this ceremony. 

Resolved 7. That no minister be excused who does not sufficiently 
respect Synod as to send directly to it the reasons for his absence. 

Resolved 8. That we hereby establish a Synodical Fund, to be raised 
by annual collections taken in each congregation, out of which all 
contingent expenses of Synod are to be met. 



36 MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

Resolved 9. That hereafter the expenses of corresponding delegates 
to sister Synods shall not be paid out of the synodical funds. 

Resolved 10. That it be, and is hereby made, the duty of our min- 
isters to ask their congregations to defray their expenses in attending 
the meetings of our Synod. 

Resolved 11. That the ministers connected with this Synod, when 
absent, be admonished to be more prompt in writing to and sending 
in their reports to Synod. 

Resolved 12. That the Mission Work of this Synod be transferred 
to the several Conferences. 

Resolved /j. That the Conferences be urged to engage earnestly and 
actively in this work under such regulations as may to them seem 
best. 

Resolved 14. That the chairmen of the Executive Committee of 
Missions in our Conferences be, and are hereby, required to report 
annually to Synod a full, written report of the Missionary work of 
their bodies during the year. 

Resolved 15. That the reports of the Conferences in regard to Mis- 
sion Work, be referred to the Board of Missions. 

Resolved 16. That the ministers of this Synod make all efforts in 
their power to educate religiously the colored people, by preaching, 
lecturing, and catechisation, with a view sooner or later of getting 
men of their own color to look after the spiritual interests of their 
race in connection with the Lutheran church. 

WHEREAS, It is meet and right that the dignity, sacredness, and 
solemnity of the ministerial office be preserved and perpetuated, and 
in order that it may not be lowered and disparaged, be it 

Resolved 17. That S} T nod recommend, that all applicants for ex- 
amination and ordination, and for whom there are petitions to Synod 
from a congregation, or congregations, praying for such examination 
and ordination, and extending a call or a request for pastoral services 
on the part of the subject of such petition or petitions, appear at some 
session of this Synod, prepared to submit to such examination, and, 
if found qualified, to receive such ordination, and be it further 

Resolved 18. That it is the sentiment of this Synod, that this rec- 
ommendation should be acquiesced in, in all possible cases, as the 
order of Synod in all ordinary cases. 

Resolved 19. That it be made the duty of the President of Synod, 
consulting with the pastor loci, to arrange for the Sunday-school 
services, to be held on Sunday afternoon of each convention of Synod, 
by appointing a speaker or speakers, by assigning or suggesting sub- 



MINUTES OF EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 37 

jects, and informing the speakers of their selection at least two months 
previous to each meeting of Synod. 

Resolved 20. That the President and Secretary of this Synod be 
hereafter the Standing Board of Missions. 

Resolved 21. That inasmuch as the phrase, in view of faith, has 
been commonly used by the soundest theologians in the Lutheran 
church in speaking of the particular election of individual men ; and 
inasmuch as this Synod has approved and continues to approve this 
mode of teaching on election by recommending without qualification 
to our theological students such books as Hutter's Compeud, Schmid's 
Dogmatics, Krauth's Conservative Reformation : therefore this body 
can not, and does not, by any action here taken, condemn the phrase, 
in view of faith ; but on the other hand, we reject the expression, 
elected unto faith, as a phrase peculiar to Calvinistic theology, and 
prior to the last fifteen years, almost unknown in the past history of 
the Lutheran church. 

Resolved 22. That this Synod recommend to her pastors that they 
devote their entire time and energy to the work of the ministry, and 
call upon their people to give them such support as will make it un- 
necessary for them to engage in other professions. 

Resolved 23. That the President of Synod, in connection with the 
pastor of the congregation in which Synod is to meet, select subjects 
and speakers for special sermons to be preached at the next annual 
convention, and that a statement of their selection be placed on the 
pages of our Minutes, in connection with the announcement of time 
and place of next convention. 

Resolved 2^. In order to effect and maintain permanent relations be- 
tween Lenoir College, Hickory, N. C, and the Evangelical Lutheran 
Tennessee Synod, it is agreed to by the parties as follows : — On the part 
of the Board of Trustees of Lenoir College, party of the first part, that 
in consideration of the moral and financial support of the Evangelical 
Lutheran Tennessee Synod, and to promote the educational interest 
of the church in her connection, and for the upbuilding of the Re- 
deemer's kingdom, the said Board of Trustees of Lenoir College agree 
that they will grant the Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, partj- 
of the second part, the right to nominate seven additional members 
to the present six members of the Board of Trustees of said College, 
who shall be elected by said Board ; and further the said Synod shall 
have the right any time hereafter, to nominate a member to fill any 
vacancy that may occur in the Board, and the member so nominated 
shall be elected by the Board for such vacancy : Provided however if 
at any time a vacancy should occur, and the Synod should fail to 



38 MINUTES OE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN TENNESSEE SYNOD. 

make a nomination within 18 months after such vacancy should oc- 
cur, the Board proceed to nominate and elect a member to fill such 
vacancy : said action to be subject to the approval of the said Synod 
at its next meeting after such action on the part of the Board. 

The Board agrees further that it will report through its president 
to each regular convention of Synod ; this report to include a full 
statement of the condition of the school, moral, financial, &c. 

The Evangelical Lutheran Tennessee Synod, party of the second 
part, in consideration of the aforesaid rights and privileges granted 
them by the party of the first part, and to carry out the laudable ob- 
ject set forth herein, agrees to give the said College her hearty moral 
and financial support. 



PAROCHIAL REPORT. 



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INDEX. 

PAGE. 

Application for Beneficiary Aid 25-26 

Appropriations to Beneficiaries, &c 26, 31 

Alabama Mission, Resolution in regard to .'.... 30 

Beneficiaries 5 

Candidates for the Ministry 4 

Credentials, Committee on, Appointed 6 

Committees Appointed by the President 9-10 

Credentials, Report of Committee on 11 

Committee, to Confer with non-Affiliating Pastors, Appointed . 12 
Corresponding Delegate of North Carolina Synod, Reception of 15 

Committee on Examination, Report of 23 

Church Institutions, Report of Committee on 26-27 

Congregations non- Affiliating with Synod, Resolution relative to 27 

Corresponding Delegates to Other Synods, Election of 30-31 

Churches, List of 33~34 

Colloquium 3 2 

Election, Majority and Minority Reports on, Read 10 

Election, Substitute for Majority and Minority Repts. on, Adopted 10 

Election, Declaration of Synod on 10 

Lay-delegates . 5-6 

Letters and Petitions, Report of Committee on I7 _I 9 

Lenoir College, Report of Committee to Confer with Trustees of 24 

Lenoir College, Articles of Agreement of Synod with 25 

Lenoir College, Committee appointed to nominate Trustees for 25 

Ministerial Roll 3~4 

Ministers non- Affiliating with Synod, Report of Committee on,&c 21-22 
Nomination of Trustees of Lenoir College, Report of Com. on . 26 

Officers of Synod 2 

Officers of Synod, Election of 8-9 

Ordinations 3 1 

Order of Business 33 

President's Report 6-8 

President's Report, Report of Committee on 16 

Protest of Rev. J. M. Smith and Others : . . . .20-21 

Parochial Reports 39 

Rudisill, Rev. J. A., Preamble and Resolutions on Death of . . . 28 
Recorded Vote on Election, Protest, Non-Affiliating Ministers, 

&c 10-11, 21, 22-23 

Standing Committees 2 

Special Sermons for Next Convention 2, 31 

Secretary of Missions, Resolution in regard to 16 

Sermons Preached 32 

Standing Resolutions 34~38 

Time and Place of Next Convention 2 

Treasurer's Report 12-15 

Treasurer's Report, Report of Committee on 20 

Theological Instruction, Resolution relative to 27 

Theological Instruction, Report of Committee on 29 

Thanks, Resolution of 29 

Unfinished Business, Report of Committee on 19 

Visiting Ministers 9 



Date Due 


MAY 1 


2 






3AN M "6? " 


w 






- S 6 19 


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Library Bureau Cat. no. 1137 



Div.S. 281.1 L973SA Tenn. 66th- 
77th. 1886-1897 208325 

J&angelical^Liitheraa S ynod 
Minutes 



284.1 L275S T -77th. 

lb£S-?7 3325 



SCHOOL OF RELIGION 



FOR LIBRARY 
USE ONLY